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Cornell University 

The original of tliis book is in 
tlie Cornell University Library. 

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the United States on the use of the text. 









Largely from Notes Made by the Author. 




[ The "Pateiot" Pkess. ] ~^ 

,'.. /^" 

-5 " .') 


Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1885, by 

F. B. Goss, 
in the oflSce of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington. 


When Mr. Goss, some months ago, informed me of his 
intention to reproduce the papers of Mr. Amos Otis relating 
to the early families of Barnstable, and asked me to assist 
in preparing them for the press, I felt that the undertaking 
was one which merited the commendation and encourage- 
ment of all who revere the memory of our ancestors. Hav- 
ing in my possession Mr. Otis's extensive revision of those 
papers, together with some notes of my own bearing upon 
the subjects, I consented to assist in this work. The vol- 
umes, thus presented, will be as near as possible as Mr. 
Otis himself would "have presented them in his latter years, 
and will constitute an enduring monument to his memory. 
1 may, I trust, be permitted to say, that I have endeavored 
to perform my duty in an unobtrusive and friendly way, 
erasing some passages of temporary importance reflecting 
upon contemporaries ; correcting a few verbal slips of style 
and expression ; and adding an occasional explanatory note, 
sometimes with, but generally without, my initial. It will 
thus be apparent that I should not be held responsible for 
judgments or conclusions in the text which may be a subject 
of controversy, for which, of course, Mr. Otis is alone an- 
swerable. Neither would I undertake to vouch for the en- 
tire accuracy of all these papers. I can only say that thus 
far, by Mr. Otis's own efforts mainly, the series is much 
more perfect than when the papers first issued from the 



For several years past, I have spent much of my leisure 
time in examining records and collecting materials for a his- 
tory of my native town. Old age is "creeping on" and I, 
find I have done little towards arranging the materials I; 
have collected. There are more difficulties to be surmounted 
than the casual observer dreams of. Records have been de-, 
stnwed, lost, mutilated, — tradition is not to be relied on; 
and the truth can only be arrived at by diligent inquiry and 
comparison of various records and memorials of the past. 
The fact is, the writer of a local history finds himself envi- 
roned with difficulties at every step in his progress, and is, 
compelled to use such words as perhaps and probably, much 
oftener than good taste would seem to require. If the readeri 
would be satisfied with facts chronologically arranged, the, 
task would not be so difficult, diligence and industry would 
soon accomplish it. But something more is required. A 
dull monotonous array of facts and figures would soon tire 
and disgust all, excepting perhaps a few plodding antiqua- 
rians who are never happier than when poring over a black, 
letter manuscript. The page to be made readable must be 
enlivened with descriptions, narratives and personal anec- 
dotes. When writing history, I often feel that I am in the 
condition of the children of Israel, when they were required 
by their Egyptian taskmasters to make bricks without 
straw. Three times I have written the first chapter of a his- 
tory of the toAvn of Barnstable, and three times have thrown 
the manuscript into the fire. Progressing at. such a rate my 
head will be whiter than it now is, before the last chapter is 

My friends are constantly urging me to do something 
and not let the materials I have collected be lost, and I have 


decided to write a series of "Family Sketches," like those 
of Mr. Deane in his history of Scituate. These sketches, 
though far from being accurate, are the most interesting por- 
tion of his work. As a general rule, I do not intend that 
each number shall occupy more than a column and a half. 
To give a full history of some of the families, namely, that 
of Hinckley, Crocker, Otis, Lothrop, Bacon, and a few 
others would require a volume. These will necessarily be 
longer ; but a sketch of some of the families need occupy 
only a few paragraphs. 

I shall write them in an alphabetical series, beginning 
with the Allyn family. That there will not be a thousand 
mistakes, and omissions in each, I would not dare to affirm ; 
but there is one thing I will venture to assert, I can point 
out more deficiences in them than any other living man. I 
desire, however, that persons having additional information, 
or the means of correcting any error into which I may have 
fallen would communicate the same. I presume there are 
many documents preserved in family archives which would 
afford me valuable aid, in the work I have undertaken, and 
it would give me much satisfaction, if the owners would loan 
me the same or furnish copies. 

In giving a genealogical account of the families, nearly all 
the facts in relation to the history of the town will have to 
be given. In the Allyn family, I give some account of the 
original laying out of the town ; in the Lothrop family a 
history of the first church, and in other families where the 
ancestor was the leading man in any enterprise, the history 
of that work cannot well be omitted. In this manner nearly 
all the principal events in the history of the town will pass 
in review, and such consideration be given to them as time, 
space or opportunity will admit. 

I make no promises — I claim no immunity from criticism. 
I may get tired, before writing one-half of the proposed sixty 
columns, and it may be that the publisher will get sick of 
his bargain even before that time. To those who take no 
interest in genealogy, I have only one remark to make. My 
ancient friend and schoolmaster, Dea. Joseph Hawes, would 
often say he was a skiptic, that is, if he met with an article 
in a book or newspaper that did not please him he "skipt 
over it." 

I have one more suggestion to make. I would recommend 

Ill author's introduction. 

to those who do take an interest in these articles to cut them 
out and paste them into a scrap book leaving on each j^age 
a wide margin for corrections, additions and notes. To 
those who take less interest in the matter, I would suggest 
that they cut out the article in relation to their own families 
and paste at least the genealogical portion, on the fly leaf of 
their family bibles : — their grand-children may take an in- 
terest in the subject if they do not. 

Yarmouth, Nov. 15, 1861. 



Page 5 



























































COGGIN, . . . . 


COOPER, . . . , 




Page 195 






. 249 



































































This name is variously written on the records, Allyn, 
AUyne, Allin and Allen ; but the descendants of Mr. Thom- 
as Allyn, one of the first settlers in Barnstable, usually write 
their name Allyn. He owned a large estate, and was prob- 
ably the most wealthy among the first settlers. The date 
when he first came over is not ascertained. It appears, by 
an aflSdavit made by him March, 1654, on the Plymouth 
Colony records, that his ancestors resided not far from Taun-r 
ton, in England. His business is not stated ; but he was 
probably engaged in trade. It appears by the document 
above referred to, that he was in England in 1649, on busi- 
ness of his own, and as the agent of "divers friends." This 
visit he speaks of as "att my last being in Ould England," 
implying that he had "returned home" more than once after 
he first came over. 

The records of the laying out of the lands in Barnstable 
in 1639 are lost.* The entries made of the lands of Mr. 
Allyn furnish the best information we have on the subject. 
The house lots contained from six to twelve acres, and were 
all laid out on the north side of the highway west of Rendez- 
vous Lane. In 1654, Mr. Allen owned six of the original 
house lots, namely : 

No. 1. Originally Isaac Robinson's contained eight 

♦Note. — In respect to these records, I have the following informa- 
tion : My Great-Grandfather, Solomon Oliis, was many years Register 
of Ppeds. My father informed me that he had heard many inquire for 
them, and that his grandfather's uniform answer was, that they were 
in early times carried to Plymouth, and were there ' lost hy Are. This 
is tradition ; but considering the directness of the testimony, I think it 


acres of upland, and the salt marsh, at the north end. It 
was bounded westerly by Calves Pasture Lane, northerly 
partly by the creek and partly by the land of Tristram Hull, 
easterly by the lot formerly Samuel Jackson's, and souther- 
ly by the highway. In 1654 the highway was a few rods 
farther south, at this place, than at the present time. Mr. 
Charles Hinckley is the present owner of this lot. 

No. 2. Was laid out to Samuel Jackson, who returned 
to Scituate in 1647. He sold it to Samuel Mayo, who sold 
the same to Mr. Allyn. This lot contained eight acres of 
upland, and the marsh at the north end. It was bounded 
westerly by Lot No. 1, north by the harbor, easterly by the 
highway (now discontinued) leading to Allyn's Creek, and 
southerly by the highway. This lot is now owned by de- 
scendants of Mr. Allyn. 

No. 3. Was laid out to Mr. Allyn, and contained ten 
acres of upland, with the marsh adjoining, and was bounded 
west by Allyn's Lane or highway to the creek, north by the 
harbor, east by the house lot of Rev. Joseph Hull, and 
southerly by the present highway. This land is owned by 
Capt. Matthias Hinckley. 

No. 4. Contained twelve acres of upland and the marsh 
adjoining, bounded on the west by Lot No. 3, north by the 
harbor, easterly by the lot of the Eev. John Mayo, and 
southerly by the present highway. On this lot Rev. Mr. 
Hull built his house in 1639, afterwards occupied by his son- 
in-law, Mr. John Bursley, and sold to Mr. Allyn about the 
year 1650. The first Meeting House stood in the ancient 
grave yard on the opposite side of the road. This land is 
now owned by Capt. Matthias Hinckley. Capt. Thomas 
Harris perhaps owns a small portion of it. 

No. 5, containing twelve acres of upland, more or less, 
with the meadow adjoining, was the Rev. John Mayo's be- 
fore his removal in 1646 to Eastham. It was bounded west- 
erly by Lot No. 4, north by the harbor, easterly by the lot 
that was John Casly's, and southerly by the highway. The 
lot is now owned by Capt. Thomas Harris. 

No. 6, contained ten acres of upland and the meadow 
adjoining. It was laid out to John Casly and by him sold 
to Samuel Mayo and by the latter to Mr. Allyn. It was 
bounded westerly by Lot 5, north by the harbor, east by a 


Jot owned in 1654 by Tristram Hull,* and south by the 

Beside his house lots, he owned meadow at Sandy 
Neck, and in 1647 owned the land on the north of the Hal- 
lett Farm, adjoining the bounds of Yarmouth. Besides the 
above he had rights in the common lands, and other large 
tracts. He sold at one time 100 acres to Koger Groodspeed. 

Mr. Allyn's house lots, with the lots named in the note, 
constituted the central portion of the village as originally 
laid out. On the west probably in the order named, were 
the lots of Gov. Hinckley, Samuel Hinckley, Gen. Cud- 
worth, James Hamblen, Lawrence Litchfield, Henry Goggin, 
(on the west of Goggin's Pond) Henry Bourne, William 
Crocker, Austin Bearse, John Cooper, Thomas Hatch, Rob- 
ert Sheley, William Betts, Henry Coxwell, Dollar Davis, 
John Crocker,. Thomas Shaw, Abraham Blish, and Anthony 
Annable. The farm of the latter is now owned by Nathan 

On the east of Rendezvous Lane, Mr. John Lothrop, 
John Hall, Henry Rowley, Isaac Wells, John Smith, Geo. 
Lewis, Edward Fittsrandle, (Lot on west side of the road 
to Hyannis) Bernard Lumbard, Roger Goodspeed, (Henry 
Cobb, Thomas Huckins, John Scudder, Samuel Mayo,) 
Nathaniel Bacon, Richard Foxwell, Thomas Dimmock. 
Isaac Davis' house stands near where the Old Dimmock 
house stood. The Agricultural Hall stands on Foxwell's 

Mr. Allyn was not much in public life. March 1, 
1641-2 he WHS propounded to be a freeman of the Plymouth 
Colony, admitted 1652 ; in 1644, 1651 and 1658 he was 

*N0TE. — In 1647 the highway run on a straight Ihie from Mr. John 
Burseley's corner to the head of Rendezvous Lane. In 1686 when the 
present road was laid out, the ancient road was followed as far as 
Jail Hill when it was turned to the northeast through the lands of 
Capt. Joseph Lothrop. I am inclined to the opinion that the ancient 
road was on the south of the swamp and joined the present road where 
the first court house stood, on the east of the Sturgis tavern. Joseph 
Hull, son of Tristram, sold Lot No 7 in 1678 to John Lothrop. Thomas 
Annable, Doctor Abner Hersey, Isaiah Hinckley, and Elijah Crocker 
have since owned it. No. 8, 6 acres, was Wm. Casly's lot, afterwards 
Hon. Barnabas Lothrop's; No. 9, 10 acres, was Robert Lynnell's. No. 
10, 12 acres, Thomas Lombard's lot, sold to Thomas Lewis; No. 11. 12 
acres, Thomas Lothrop's Land, bounded easterly by Rendezvous Lane, 
'^liese Lots embraced the central position of the village as it was orig- 
inally laid out. 


Surveyor of highways ; in 1648, 1658 and 1670 constable, 
and in 1653 a juryman, offices of not much profit or honor. 
The Court in passing up and down the County often stopped 
at his house, a fact which indicates that he set a gopd table, 
and was well supplied with provender for man and beast. 

He married for his first wife Winnifred . His 

second wife was Wid. . He named in his will, dated 

Feb. 28, 1675, proved 5th of March, 1679-80, his daughters- 
in-law Sarah, wife of William Clark, 

Martha, wife of Benjamin 

Kebecca, wife of Samuel Sprague. 
He names his sons Samuel and John, his daughter Mehita- 
ble Annable, and Samuel's oldest son, Thomas. After dis- 
posing of a part of his estate by legacies he ordered the rest 
to be equally divided between his three children. He died 
in 1679, and was buried in the ancient burying ground, 

"Where the forefathers of the hamlet sleep." 
Children of Thomas Allyn born in Barnstable: 

I. Samuel, born 10 Feb., 1643-4, bap'd 18 Feb., 1643-4. 
n. John, born 1646, bap'd 27 Sep., 1646. 
HI. Mehitable, born 1648, bap'd 28 Aug., 1648. She 
married Samuel Annable June 1, 1667, and had a fam- 
ily of four children. She married second May 6, 1683, 
Cornelius Briggs of Scituate. She inherited one-third 
of her father's estate, Mr. Allyn in his will giving her 
an equal portion with her brothers, an unusual circum- 
stance in those days. 
Mr. Samuel Allyn, son of Thomas, was a freeman in 1670, 
constable 1671, called Lieutenant in 1678. He was many 
years Town Clerk, and held other responsible offices. He 
resided at West Barnstable. In 1686, his house is described 
as on the south side of the highway about half of a mile east 
of Hinckley's Bridge. He married May 10, 1664, Hannah, 
daughter of Eev. Thomas Walley. She died, Tuesday, Oct. 
23, 1711, at 10 o'clock, A. M. Her age is not stated. She 
was born in England and came over with her father in the 
ship Society, Capt. John Pierce, and arrived here May 24, 
1662. Mr. Samuel Allyn died Friday, 25th November, 
1726, aged 82 years. Mr. Samuel Allyn's will is dated 
Nov. 12, 1726, and proved on the 30th of Nov. following. 
He gives to his daughter-in-law Sarah, then wife of Deacon 


Samuel Bacon, 40 shillings ; to his grandsons Thomas Allyn 
and John Jacobs, and his daughter Hannah Lincoln, 20 shil- 
lings each ; to his grandson Samuel Allyn, son of his son 
Joseph "only one shilling" ; and to his great-grandson 
Thomas, son to his grandson James, 40 shillings. All his 
other estate, both real and personal, he devised to his son 
Joseph Allyn, to grandson James of Barnstable, to daugh- 
.te£ Hannah Jacob, and his grandson Samuel Allyn of Barn- 
stable, to be divided equally. His son Joseph and grand- 
son James executors. The inventory of the estate is dated 
January 4, 1726-7, but the oath of Allyn was refused by the 
Judge of Probate "because 1 thought he could not do it with 
a safe conscience." Joseph swore to it Feb. 18, 1726-7. 

Children of Mr. Samuel Allyn born in Barnstable: 
I. Thomas, born 22 March, 1654-5, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Hon. John Otis, 9 Oct., 1688, and had 
three children, James, Thomas and Hanna,h. He died 
25th Nov., 1696, aged 31. His widow married 20 
January, 1699, David Loring of Hingham. She died 
in Barnstable, June 17, 1748, aged 79. 
tl. Samuel, born 19 January, 1666, married Sarah, daugh- 
ter of Edward Taylor, 20 Dec, 1705, and had Samuel, 
26 Nov., 1706. The father died Dec, 1706, in the 39th 
year of his age. His widow married 26 January, 1708, 
Dea. Samuel Bacon. She died Sept. 24, 1753, aged 73. 
ni. Joseph, born 7 April, 1671. He removed from Barn- 
stable about the year 1700. He was one of the execu- 
tors of the will of his father 1726. He then had a son 
Samuel, showing he was married and had a family. 

IV. Hannah, born 4 Maroh, 1672-3, married 7 Dec, 1693, 
Peter Jacob of Hingham, and had twelve children. 

V. Elizabeth, born 26 Nov., 1681, died 23 Dec, 1698, 
aged 17. 

John Allyn, son of Thomas, married 1673 Mary, daughter 
of John Howland. 

Children born in Barnstable : 

I. Jdhn, bom 3 April, 1674. 
n. Mary, born 5 Aiig., 1675 ; died 7 July, 1677. 
til. Martha, born 6 Aug., 1677 ; died Oct., 1680. 
IV. Isaac, born 8 Nov., 1679. 

The facUily of Jdhti Allyii was Aot of Bartistable Janu- 


ary, 1683-4. He had probably removed. There were at 
that time so many John Allyns in New England, that in the 
absence of records it is difficult to fix the place of his after 

In January, 1693-4, there were in Barnstable and en- 
titled to a share in the common lands, being either 24 years 
of age, or married, Lieut. Samuel AUyn, eldest son of 
Thomas, Sen'r, and Samuel and Thomas, sons of Lieut. 
Samuel. January, 1697, Thomas was dead, and Joseph, 
youngest son of Lieut. Samuel, was added to the list, he 
being then 25 years of age, but in 1703 his name is omitted. 

The present Allyn families in Barnstable, are nearly all 
descendants of James, son of Thomas, and grandson of 
Lieut. Samuel. His house was very ancient, the east part 
two stories, and the west one story. It stood on Lot No. 1, 
where Charles Hinckley's house now is, and it was taken 
down about 50 years ago. He married July 24, 1712, 
Susannah Lewis, daughter of Ebenezer. He was 21 and 
she 18 at the time of their marriage. 

No family in Barnstable could claim to be more respect- 
ably connected than this. Their eldest daughter, Elizabeth, 
born in 1713, married 1732, Col. John Gorham, and re- 
moved to Portland. He was a man of note in his day. 
Susannah, born 1715, married 1735, Capt. Jonathan Davis, 
Jr., a shipmaster. Anna, born 1718, married in 1736, 
John Davis, Jr. Thomas, born 1719, married Elizabeth 
Sturgis 1752'; Hannah, born 1721, married 1743, Doctor 
Abner Hersey, an eminent physician, but most eccentric 
man; Rebecca, born 1723, married 1742Rev. Josiah Crock- 
er of Taunton ; Abigail, born 1725, (an Abia Allin married 
Seth Cushman of Dartmouth ;) Mary, born 1727, married 

1751, Nymphas Marston, Esq. ; James, born 1729, married 

1752, Lydia Marston ; Sarah, borri 1730, married 1755, 
Mr. Justin Hubbard, of Hingham ; Martha, born 1733, died 
1740; Olive, born 1735, married 1754, Capt. Samuel Stur- 
gis, Jr. 

At a family meeting' almost every profession in life 
would have been honorably represente.d- Mr. AHyn , him- 
self had a suit of armor, and two of bis sons-in-law had done 
good service for thpir country on the fiejld of battle, so that 
the military element would have, been strongly represented ; 
the legal profession by two ; divinity by one, ftnd meiiicine 


by that strange, compound, Doctor Hersey, perhaps in his 
usual winter dress — cowhide boots, baize shirt, red cap and 
leather great coat. 

Mr. James Allyn died Oct. 8, 1741, (his grave stones 
say 1742,) aged 50 years, and his widow Susannah Oct. 4, 
1753, aged 59. In his will, proved Nov. 11, 1741, he pro- 
vides liberally for the support of his wife and younger chil- 
dren. To his daughters, who had not already had their por- 
tion, £30 each, and to his son James £150. To his son 
Tborai'.s he gave his cane, marked with his grandfather's 
name, his armor, valued at £16.10., and all his warlike 
weapons and appurtenances, his hooks, excepting his Great 
Bible, his "dwelling house from top to bottom," tools and 
stock belonging to a saddler's trade, &c., &c. His estate 
was appraised at £3.091. 19. 4, a large estate in those 

Thomas was a saddler by trade. His house stood where 
Mr. Charles Hinckley's now does. His children were Polly, 
Hannah, Susan and Samuel. 

James* was a cabinet maker. He resided in the old 
Allyn house now standing. His children were James, Ben- 
jamin, two named Marston, who died young, Thomas, Nym- 
phas, who died young, and John, who was educated at 
Harvard College, graduated in 1775, and was afterwards 
pastor of the church at Duxbury. 

Mr. Thomas Allyn has very few descendants in the 
male line now living in Barnstable. Whether or not his son 
John and grandson Joseph, who removed early from Barn- 
stable, were the ancestors of niore proliiic races I cannot say. 

The first inhabitants selected the beautiful sweep of high 
land between Rendezvous Creek and Cogo^en's Pond as the 
seat of their town, the principal men built houses there, but 

*Mrs. Chloe Blish, now aged 95, relates the following witch story 
in relation to Jame? Allyn. She lived at the time in Gov. Hinckley's 
hou?e, on the opposite side of the road: 

Lydia Ellis, a daughter of Lizzy Towerhill, (a reputed witch, of 
whom I have given an account,) resided in the family of Mr. Allyn as 
a servant. Lizzy took offence at the treatment of her daughter, and 
threatened vengeance. A night or two after, a strange cat appeared 
in Mr. AUyn's house, mewing and caterwauling — unseen hands upset 
or turned bottom upwards every thing in the house. Six new chairs, 
brought in the day before, were broke to pieces and destroyed. The 
inmates were kept awake all night, and for a long time after, strange 
noises were heard, at times, in the liouse, and the peace of the family 
greatly disturbed. 


in less than fifteen years half the lots belonged to Mr. All^'n 
and the houses had been abandoned or removed. In select- 
ing that location for the centre of the town, one fact was 
overlooked : no water conld be procured without sinking 
wells to a great depth. They soon were compelled to re- 
move to situations near to ponds or springs of water. 


Mr. Baylies in his history states that John Allen re- 
moved from Scituate to Barnstable in 1649, arid Mr. Deane 
in his history of Scituate, says he probably removed from 
Barnstable to Scituate in 1645. He appears to have been of 
Plymouth in 1633 and of Scituate in 1646, where he died in 
1662. His widow was named Ann and he had a son John. 

John Allen of Barnstable was another man. Perhaps 
he was the John who was taxed at Springfield in 1639, re- 
moved soon after perhaps to Rehoboth 1645, and to New- 
port 1650 and thence to Swansey in 1669. He married Oct. 
10, 1650, Elizabeth Bacon of Barnstable, probable a sister 
of Samuel. Allen and his wife were both ana-baptists, yet 
no objection was made to their marriage, Gov. Hinckley 
oflSciating at the nuptials. To this fact I shall have occasion 
hereafter to refer. From Barnstable they went to Newport, 
E. I. , and there had Elizabeth, born July, 1651.; Mary, 
Feb. 4, 1653 ; John, Nov., 1654;Mercey, Dec, 1656; 
Priscilla, Dec, 1659, and Samuel, April, 1661. 



One ot the forefathers, came over in the Ann in 1623, bring- 
ing with him his wife, Jane, and his daughter Sarah. He 
remained in Plymouth till 1634 when he removed to Scitu- 
ate, and was one of the founders of that town and of the 
church there. In 1640 he removed to Barnstable. With 
the exception of Gov. Thomas Hinckley, no Barnstable man 
was oftener employed in the transaction of public business. 
He joined Mr. Lothrop's church at its organization, January 
y, 1634-5, was always an exemplary member, yet he was 
never dignitied with the title of "Mr." and was all his life 
called "Goodman Annable." That a man who was "most 
useful in church and state," thirteen years a deputj'^ to the 
Colony Court, on a committee to revise the laws, frequently 
employed in most important and difficult negotiations, apd 
one of the 58 {)urchasers, was not thought worthy of that 
dignity may seem strange to modern readers. In the Ply- 
mouth Colony, the governor, deputy governor, and magis- 
trates and assistants ; the ministers of the gospel and elders 
of the church, school-masters, commissioned officers in the 
militia, men of great wealth, or men connected with the fam- 
ilies of the gentry of nobility, alone were entitled to be 
called mister and their wives mistress. This rule was rigidly 
enforced in earl}^ colonial times, and in all lists of names, it 
was almost the invariable custom, to commence with those 
who stood highest in rank and follow that order to the end. 
Goodman Annable had four acres of land alloted to him 
in the division of lands in 1623, to those who "came over 
in the shipe called the Anne." At the division of the cattle 
in 1627, there had been no increase in the number of his 
family, it then consisted of four, namely, himself, his wife 


Jane and daughters Sarah and Hannah. His name appears 
in the earliest list of freemen, made in 1633, and in that 
year he was taxed £0. 18., and in the following year 9 shil- 
lings. Comparing these figures with the other taxes, it ap- 
pears that he was then a man to whom the petition in Agur's 
prayer, "give me neither poverty nor riches," might well 
apply. Oct. 1, 1634, he was elected a member to treat 
with the partners for the colony trade, and the next January 
he was chosen constable of Scituate. Oct. 4, 1636, Good- 
man Annable and James Cudworth were a committee from 
the town of Scituate to assist in the revision of the laws of 
the colony. He was a juryman that year and in 1638. 
March 6, 1637-8 he was again chosen constable of Scituate. 
In January of that year the Eev. John Lothrop, Mr. Timo- 
thy Hatherly, Goodman Annable and others of Scituate, 
rej)re8ented to the Court that they had small portions of 
land, and petitioned to have the lands set off to them, be- 
tween the North and South rivers, which was granted. 

In 1638 and 9 many meetings were held in Scituate to 
adopt measures respecting a removal to another plantation. 
Five days were set apart for humiliation, fasting and prayer 
for success in their removal. The first fast was kept Feb. 
22, 1637-8, and the last June 26, 1639. Several letters 
signed by Mr. Lothrop, Goodman Annable and others in 
behalf of themselves and other members of the church, ad- 
dressed to the governor, stating the grievances under which 
they were suffering, and asking to be better accommodated 
in some other part of the colony. At first they proposed to 
remove to Sippican, now Rochester, and at the January 
Court the lands at that place were granted to them. But 
many were opposed to going to Sippicau, preferring a resi- 
dence at Mattakeese, now a part of Barnstable. But the 
lands at the latter place had previously been granted to Mr. 
Richard Collicut and others of Dorchester ; but in June, 
1639, this grant was revoked and an opening was made for 
Ml'. Lothrop and his church. In the previous May Rev. 
Joseph Hull of Weymouth, and Mr. Thomas Dimmock and 
others romoved to Mattakeese, and commenced the settle- 
ment of the town. After the revocation of the grant to Mr. 
Collicut, the Court, June 4, 1639,* O. S.. corresponding to 

*The centennial celebration of the 200th anniversary of the town 
was held September 3, 1839, why and wherefore I cannot explain. 


June 14, new style, granted the lands at Mattakeese to 
Messrs. Hull and Dimmock as a committee for themselves 
and their associates, and incorporated the town, naming it 
Barnstable. June 13, 1639, O. S., a fast was kept by Mr. 
Lothrop's chui-ch to implore "God's directing and providing 
for us in the place of removal," and on the 2t)th of the same 
month another fast was kept "For the presence of God in 
mercey to goe with us to Mattakeese." 

i\Ir. Lothrop and a majority of his church removed 
from Scituate to Barnstable Oct. "ll, 1639, O. S. (Oct. 21, 
N. S.). On their arrival, the tirst settlers had built them- 
selves houses, any many of Mr. Lothrop's church found 
dwellings provided for them on their arrival. Goodman 
Annable did not remove with the first company, but some 
few months after. 

He was a member of the first General Court held in 
1639, also in 1640, '41, '42, '43, '44, '45, '47, '50, '51, '53, 
'56 and '57. He was not a member when the obnoxious 
laws against Quakers were enacted. 

In 1643 he was appointed by the Court a member of a 
committee to provide places of defence against any hostile 
attack of the Indians, and in 1645 "to propose laws to re- 
dress present abuses, and to prevent future." 

In 1646 he was on a committee of one from each town 
in the colony, "to consider a wav of defraying the charges 
of the magistrate's tables by way of excise on wine and 
other things." In 1661 he is named as one of the grantees 
of the lands in Suck&nesset, now Falmouth, and in 1662 
land was granted to his daughter Hannah, one of the first 
born children in the colony, and in 1669 a tract of land was 
granted to him on Taunton River, near Titicut. 

I do not find that Goodman Annable had a houselot as- 
signed to him in the village. He settled at West Barnstable 
on the farm now owned l)y Nathan Jenkins, Esq. It is thus 
described on the record : 

1. Forty acres of upland, be it more or less, butting 
northerly by the marsh, southerly by yc commons, bounded 
easterly by Goodman Blush, westerly b}' Goodman Bhish. 

2. Twenty-two acres of marsh butting southerly, partly 
upon his own and partly upon Gdd. Blush's upland, bound- 
ed (^'istorlv partlv upon ye creek botweon Goodman Wrlls 


and him, and partly by ye oomuions, westerly liy (jdd. 
Blush, northerly by ye commons. 

3. Fifteen acres more or less of swamp bounded east- 
erly by Gdd. Blush, westerly by Gdd. Bowmans, southerly 
by ye commons, northerly partly by Gdd. Blush and partly 
by Gdd. Bowmans. 

This is one of the best farms in Barnstable. His land 
was principally on the north side of the present County 
road. Fifty-four acres were afterwards added to this farm, 
extending to Annable's Pond on the south. 

Goodman Annable died in 1674, and his widow Ann 
administered on his estate. His age is not recorded, he 
was probably 75 years old. His widow Ann was living in 
1677 when she was lined £1 for selling beer without a li- 
cense. In 1686 she is spoken of as recently deceased. She 
is called "the agad widow Annible" in 1678, and was prob- 
ably nearly 80 years of age at the time of her death. 

Gdd. Annable resided in the Colony iifty and one 
years. He was a puritan of the school of blessed John Rob- 
inson, neither bigoted nor intolerant. Sympathizing iu 
feeling with Cud worth, Hatheriy and other leading men of 
the tolerant party — an opponent of the harsh measures, and 
bloody laws enacted and enforced against Quakers and ana- 
baptists in the Massachusetts Colony, and adopted in the 
Plymouth Colony in 1653, but never enforced in Barnsta- 
ble. His moral character was unimpeachable. He was 
never a party to a law suit, and only in one instance en- 
gaged in any controversy with his neighbors. In 1664, he 
Avas presented for removing a land-mark. The Court after 
a full investigation of the charge, decided that he was blame- 
able for removing the boundary ; but being convinced that 
he did not willfully intend to do wrong, the complaint was 

Intellectually Goodman Annable had many superiors in 
the Colony. He was a man of sound judgment, discreet, 
cautious, — never acting hastily or unadvisedly, a good 
neighbor, a useful man, and one who exhibited in his daily 
walk, his Christian character. 

His descendants for several generations inherited from 
him, to some extent, the same excellent traits of character. 
None of them were brilliant men ; but I have never heard 
of an Annable who was convicted of crime or who was a bad 


neighbor. There were not manj' of this name who came over. 
There was a John at Ipswich in 1642, a tailor, and a Mat- 
thew at Newbury aged 18, 1672. Goodman Annable uni- 
formly wrote his name as it is now written ; but it occurs 
also on the records written Annible, Anible, Anniball and 

The following account of his family differs from that 
given either by Mr. Ueane or by Mr. Savage. The latter 
in attempting to correct the errors of the former, made 
greater mistakes himself, 1 have carefully examined all ac- 
cessible records, and have not varied from these gentlemen 
only on evidence which appears entirely conclusive. I am 
aware that my account is defective, all I claim is that it is 
fuller and has a less number of mistakes in it than those 
which have been published : 

Anthony Annable came over in the Ann in 1623, bring- 
ing with him his wife Jane and his daughter Sarah. Mr. 
Savage says daughters Sarah and Hannah. On the list of 
the first born in Plymouth is Hannah, daughter of Anthony 
Annable. A grant of land was afterwards made to her in 
virtue of her right as one of the first born. No stronger 
evidence of a fact can be adduced. The members of the 
Court knew that Hannah Annable was born in Plymouth, 
otherwise they would not have made the grant. 

Mr. Savage says Susannah was jjrobably born in Barn- 
stable. If so she was very young when she married on the 
13th of May, 1652, William Hatch, Jr., of Scituate. 

His first wife, Jane, died in Barnstable, and was buried 
Dec. 13, 1643, on the Lower side of the Calves Pasture. 
The exact locality of her grave is not known ; but is proba- 
bly at a place called Hemp Bottom. He married, March 3, 
1644-5, his second wife, Ann Clark. There are three sever- 
al entries of this marriage, two on the Plymouth and one on 
the Barnstable town records. The entr}' in the 'Court 
Orders" (vol. 2, page 80, of the printed volumes) is the 
only one that can be cnlled an original record, the other two 
are copies, and the transcriber evidently made a mistake of 
one year in the date. The chirography of the entry on the 
"Court Orders" is very obscure. The late Judge Mitchell, 
who was familiar with the records, having spent his leisure 
time for several years in their examination, copied the name 
"Ann Clark." Mr. Pulsifer and Doctor Shurtleff, gentle- 


men equally distinguished for their skill in deciphering an- 
cient manuscripts, read the name Ann Elocke. I prefer the 
reading of Judge Mitchell. 

Mr. Savage adds : "The second wife was buried 1 6th of 
May, 1651, and he married soon third wife, Ann Barker, by 
whom he had Desire, 11th Oct , 1653, and the wife was 
buried about 16th March, 1658." Mr. Savage or his aman- 
uensis has strangely mixed up in the passage quoted, facts 
in relation to the families of Anthony Annable and Abra- 
ham Blish. They were both good neighbors, very kind and 
accommodating to each other, but I doubt whether they ever 
swapped wives,* as the passage quoted indicates. 

Family of Anthony Annable by his wife Jane — born in 

I. Sarah, born about 1622, married Nov. 22, 1638, by 
Mr. Winslow, at Green's Harbor, to Henry Ewell of 
Scituate. She died in 1687, leaving a family. 
Born in Plymouth : 
n. Hannah, born about 1625, being his first born child, 
after his arrival. She married, March 10, 1644-5, 
Thomas Bowman of Barnstable, 
ni. Susannah, born about 1630, married 13th May, 1652, 
Wm. Hatch, Jr., of Scituate. 

Born in /Scituate: 

IV. A daughter stillborn, buried 8th April, 1635. 

V. Deborah, baptized May 7, 1637. 

By his second wife, Ann Clark, born in Barnstable: 

VI. Samuel, born January 22, bap'd Feb. 8, 1645-6, mar- 
ried, June 1, 1667, Mehitable AUyn, died 1678, aged 

VII. Esek, (or Ezekiel) bap'd 29th April, 1649, probably 
died young. 

VIII. Desire, bap'd 16th Oct., 1653, married January 18, 
1676-7, John Barker, Esq., died at Scituate July 24, 

Samuel Annable married June 1, 1667, Mehitable, 

*NOTE.— Mr. Savage will put this matter right in his fourth vol- 
ume, soon to be published. That he has made so few mistakes is won- 
derful. The late Capt. Isaac Bacon, Sen., said he wished it was the 
fashion to swap wives, as it was old horses— he would cheat somebody 
most d nably. 


dauffliter of Mr. Thomas Allyn of Barnstable. He resided 
at West Barnstable, and inherited a large portion of the es- 
tate of his father, whom he survived only four years, dying 
in the year 1678, aged 32. His widow married, May 6, 
1683, Cornelius Briggs of Scituate. 

Family 0/ iSamuel Annable: 

I. Samuel, born 14th July, 1669, married Patience Dog- 
get, April 11, 1695, and had Desire, 3d Jan'y, 1695; 
Anna, 27th Sept., 1697, married, Aug. 19th, 1720, 
Nathaniel Bacon; Jane, 24th Dec, 1699, married Oct. 
8th, 1719, Dea. Kobert Davis; Samuel, 14th January, 
1702 ; Patience, 15th May, 1705, married Joseph Ba- 
con, 1722 ; Thomas, 21st June, 1708, married Ann 
Gorham Aug. 7th, 1740. The father died June 21st, 
1744, and his widow Patience, Oct. 11th, 1760, aged 
90 years. 

n. Hannah, born March, 1672, liied August following. 

III. John, born 19th July, 1673, married June 16th, 1692, 
Experience, daughter of Edward Taylor, and had Sam- 
uel, born 3d Sept., 1693 ; Mehitable, 28th Sept., 1695, 
married, July 23d, 1713, Andrew Hallet, died Oct. 
23d, 1767 ; John, born April, 1697, died May follow- 
ing ; John, born 3d May, "1698, removed to Rochester ; 
Mary, born Dec, 1701, married David Hallet Aug. 
19th, 1720; Cornelius, born 3d November, 1704, and 
Abigail, born 30th April, 1710, married Oct. 22d, 
1730, Wally Crocker. 

IV. Anna, born 4th March, 1675-6, married Oct. 14th, 
1696, Dea. John Barker. She died March 21st, 1732- 
3, "aged near 57 years," and is buried at West Barn- 

The estate of Samuel Annable, deceased, included the 
farm of his father, then in possession of his mother, and the 
fifty-four acres on the south side of the highway which he 
held in his own right by a grant from the town, and the es- 
tate which his wife held in her right, by gift from her father, 
was settled, by order of the Court, Oct. 30, 1678, as fol- 
lows : 

"The seate of land which was formerly Mr. Thomas 
Allyn's" at Barnstable, was settled upon Samuel, the eldest 
son, he paying to his sister Anna £25, one-half in current 


silver money of New England, and the other half in "cur- 
rent pay att prise current" within two years after he become 
of age. 

To John Annable, the youngest son, the farm that the 
''aged widdow Annible hath her life in, and now liveth on ; 
which was pte of the lands which formerly Anthony Anni- 
ble lived on," he to pay his sister £25, one-half in current 
silver money of New England, and one-half in current pay, 
within two years after he becomes of age. 

To the widow Mehitable Annable was assigned all the 
moveables and all the stock, "to be att her own dispose for- 
and towards the bringing up of the childien, hopeing that 
shee will have a care to bringe them up in a way of educa- 
tion as the estate will beare, and to have all the proffitts of 
all the lands untill the said Samuel Annible and John Anni- 
ble comes to be of age, and then the third in the proffitts of 
the land during her natural life." 

In 1703 there were only two of the family, Samuel and 
John, in Barnstable entitled to a share in the common lands. 
The West Barnstable family disappeared many years ago, 
some removed to Rochester and some to other places, and 
the ancient farm is now owned by strangers. The Barnsta- 
ble family eighty years ago •^as numerous, wealthy and in- 
fluential, ^now there is not a solitary voter of the name in 
the town. The family has dwindled down, and almost be- 
come extinct. There are a few of the descendants of An- 
thonj' Annable in Boston, and in other places. The last 
parcel of the Annable farm (formerly Mr. Thomas Allyn) 
was sold out of the family the present year (1861), smd 
there is no memorial of the family, now remaining in Barn- 
stable, save the monuments in the giave yards which mark 
the places of their sepulchres. 



To write a genealogical memoir of Nathaniel Bacon and 
his descendants would require a volume. I shall not attempt 
it. Among the many of the name who came over early, 
were Nathaniel and Samuel, supposed to be brothers, and 
Elizabeth, probably a sister, all of whom settled in Barnsta- 
ble.* Michael of Dedham, who has numerous descendants 
probably came from Ireland. William of Salem, who mar- 
ried Rebecca, daughter of Thomas Potter, mayor of Coven- 
try, had resided in Dublin. On the outbreak of the Irish 
rebellion, she was sent over to this country, and her husband 
followed soon after. Andrew who was early of Cambridge, 
and one of the magistrates at Hartford, 1637, and died at 
Hadley 1669, probably came from Rutlandshire, England. 
He has no descendants in the male line, his son Isaac having 
died young. Nathaniel Bacon of Middietown, was a neph- 
ew of Andrew and a son of William of Stretton, Rutland 
County, England. The Bacons of Connecticut were prom- 
inent men, and the prevalence of the same names in the 
Connecticut and Barnstable indicates a community of origin. 

Mr. Nathaniel Bacon was one of the first settlers, and the 
house lot assigned to him, is now owned by his descendants. 
Without a plan, it will be difficult to state intelligibly, the 
manner in which the lots in the vicinity of the Meeting 
House in the East Parish were laid out. The locations of 

*Mr. Savajre in commenting on the evidence given in 1661 by 
Dea jolin Fletcher of IMill'oril, Conn., relative to the ancestry of Na- 
thaniel Bacon, of M,iddletown, remarks that it "might without vio- 
lence be construed to refer equally to the Barnstable family, though it 
is leSvS probable." It it very much "less probable." The affidavits of 
Dea. Fletcher and some others were talsen at New Haven, before Na- 
thaniel Bacon, Esq , and tliey state distinctly that "Nathaniel Bacon 
then present, was the oldest son of William Bacon, "&c. The abstracts 
nt thuap. affidavits ffiven bv_Hinman. are wanting in clearness, and 


all the roads, excepting that to Hyannis, anciently Baker's 
Lane, have been changed, and the ancient boundaries on the 
dividing lines between the lots have mostly been removed. 
As early as 1653, nearly all the land in this neighborhood 
had changed ownership. The present county I'oad, proba- 
bly passed on the south of Mr. James Lewis' house, now 
owned by Frederick W. Crocker, Esq. When the town 
was settled, the present county road, from the Meeting 
House to Baker's Lane, was a deep gully, impassable for 
teams. When the present road was laid out in 1686 it was 
located "up Cobb's Hill" through this gully. The "Old 
Mill Way" joined the county road on the east of the Meet- 
ing House, the gate at the entrance standing north of the 
town pound. From this point the "Old Mill Way" extend- 
ed north to the Mill Pond, and thence across the ancient 
causeway sometimes called Blushe's bridge, to the Common 
Field. The ends of the house lots butted on Mill Way not 
on the county road. Beginning at the south the first lot 
on west side was Roger Goodspeed's. His house stood on 
this lot in 1649, but in 1653, he had surrendered it to the 
town and taken other lands in exchange. The Meeting 
House on Cobb's Hill and the lands now occupied for bury- 
ing grounds were included in this lot. 

The second lot on the north of Goodspeed's contained 
seven acres, and was set off to Elder Henry Cobb. 

The third lot containing six acres was laid out to Thomas 
Huckins by an order of the town dated 14th Sep. 1640. 

The tourth lot, where the late Dea. Joseph Chipman re- 
sided, was Dolar and Nicholas Davis. 

On the east of the "Mill Way" the first lot was Mr. Na- 
thaniel Bacon's, bounded south by the county road, west by 
Roger Goodspeed and the Mill Way, north (^in 1654) by 
Goodman Cobb, and east partly by Goodman Cobb, and 
pi»rtly by Goodman Foxwell's land. At the settlement of 
the town the land on the north of the Bacon house lot was a 
dense swamp, unfit for cultivation, or building purposes. 
It contained some valuable timber and was reserved as town 
commons. It was subsequently granted in small lots to 
Goodman Cobb, John Davis and others, and subsequently 
bought by the Bacon family. The land between the swamp 
and mill pond, on the east of the Way was mostly owned by. 


Dolar Davis who sold it to Abraham Blish in 1657, who 
afterwards sold it to the Bacons. 

Mr. Bacon owned sixteen acres of land in the old Com- 
mon Field, a name still retained and eleven acres in the new 
Common Field.* He also owned the house lot and land 
now owned by Frederick Cobb, containing twelve acres, 
"bounded northerly by the highway, westerly by the road 
running into ye woods, 80 rods, easterly by Goodman Fox- 
well." Also four acres bought of Henry Taylor, "bounded 
southerly by ye highway, northerly by Mr. Dimmock's 
marsh, easterly partly by Mr. Dimmock and partly by John 
Scudder's upland, westerly by Nicolas Davis." 

In addition to these lots he owned thirty-two acres of land 
and meadow at Cotuit, meadows in the mill pond and at 
Sand}^ Neck, and other tracts of land and rights in the com- 

Mr. Bacon was a tanner and currier. He had vats in the 
low grounds near his house. As there were other tanneries 
in town, it is probable that he worked at his trade in the 
winter and was employed in the cultivation of his lands the 
remainder of the year. During the latter part of his life, 
his public duties absorbed a large part of his time. 

He built his house in the year 1642. It was taken down 
about thirty-five years ago and the old oak timber was as 
sound and as hard as when cut from the forest. It was two 
stories high, and built in the style then common. It was 
about 22 feet in the front and 26 feet in the rear. The 
lower story was divided into three rooms. The front room 
was 16 feet square, low in the walls with a large summer 
beam across the centre overhead. The bedroom floor was 
elevated two feet above the other floors to give more height 
to the cellar under it. The kitchen was very small. The 
second story, which was very low in the wall, was divided 
into three rooms corresponding in size with those in the 
lower story. The chimney was of stone, few if. any bricks 
had then been made in the Colony. The fire place in the 

*The Old Commou Field extended from Blushes Point to the west 
Waterintc place, bounded north by the harbor, and south by the mill 
pond. The name is a free translation of the Indian name Mattakeese 
which means ''old" or "worn out planting lands." The new Com- 
mon Field extended from the V\est Watering place to the bounds of 
Yarmouth, bounded norib by the harbor, and south by the County 
R nqd. an d included the Indian reservation. 


front room was eight feet wide, four feet deep, and the n^an- 
tle laid high, so that a tall person could walk under it by 
stooping a little. The oven was often built on the outside 
of the house with the mouth opening in one corner on the 
back side of the lire place. The fire was built in the centre, 
and on a cold winter evening a seat in the chimney corner was 
a luxury unknown in modern times. The fire place in the 
kitchen was necessarily smaller, in a house of this construc- 
tion, especially when the oven opened into it. There was 
usually a fire place in the front chamber. The windows 
were small and oiled paper was used instead of glass in many 
houses. The successive occupants of this house, altered 
and enlarged it so many times, that in 1825 it was entirely 
unlike the original. The height of the rooms had been in- 
creased, by lengthening the posts three feet, — a large addi- 
tion had been put on the west, and several on the rear. 
So that it covered more than four times as much ground a^ 
at first. 

Mr. Bacon was proposed as a freeman in June 1645 and 
admitted June 1646. In 1650 he was constable of the town 
of Barnstable, and a deputy to the Colony Court thirteen 
years from 1652 to 1665. In 1657 he was chosen an assist- 
ant and was re-elected annually till his death in 1673. In 
1658 and 1667 he was a member of the council of war. He 
frequently served on committees appointed hy the Court, 
and was a prominent and influential man in the Colony. 

It would be instructive and interesting to trace step by 
step the progress of Mr. Bacon through life. He came to 
Barnstable a young man, comparatively poor, without 
friends to assist him, and without the advantages of a o-ood 
education ; but a good moral character, good business habits, 
energy and industry more than compensated for the want of 
these advantages. He died Oct. 1673, probably not 60 
years of age. His widow survived him many years. She 
was living in 1691. 

I do not find his will on record ; he probably made none. 
The inventory of his estate, appraised at £632, 10. 2, is 
dated Oct 29, 1673, sworn to by his widow Mistress Han- 
nah Bacon, and letters of administration granted to her. 

On the 4th of March following "Mr. Thomas Hinckley, Mr. 
Thomas Walley, William Crocker, John Thompson, and 


Thomas Huckins were appointed by the Court to settle the 
estate of Mr. Nathaniel Bacon deceased, among Mrs. Han- 
nah Bacon and her children, which settlement under their 
hands, or any three of their hands, shall be accompted 
against all claims, or contentions at any time arising about 
the aforesaid estate or any pai-t thereof." 

Nathaniel Bacon married Dec. 4, 1642, Miss Hannah, 
daughter of the Rev. John Mayo,then teacher of the church 
in Barnstable, 

Children Born in Barnstable. 
I. Hannah, burn Sept. 4, 1643, bap'd 8th Dec. 1644. She 
married Mr. Thomas Walley, Jr., son of Rev. Thomas 
Walley of Barnstable, and had one son Thomas, who 
died leaving no issue ; and daughters, Hannah, who 
m. iirsi, Wm Stone, and had two dau's ; second, James 
Leonard, by whom she had Lydia who m. Thomas 
Cobb ; and Elizabeth, who m. Edward Adams, Hannah 
m. Feb.16,1675, her second husband Rev. George Shove 
of Taunton, and had Mary Aug 11, 1676, Johanna 
Sept. 28, 1678; Edward Oct. 3, 1680, and Mercy May 
1682. She is named as one of the "remote members" 
of the Barnstable church in 1683. She died in Taun- 
ton Sept. 1685, aged 42 vears. 
II. Nathaniel, bap'd i5th Feb. 1645-6. 
ni. Mary, born Aug. 12.1648, bap'd 20 Aug. 1648. 

IV. Samuel, born Feb. 25, 1650-1. 

V. Elizabeth, born Jan'y 28, 1653-4. She died unmarried 
in 1676, according to the Plymouth records '-in the 
28th year of her age." She was only 21, or at most, 
22 years of age. Her estate was settled by agreement 
on record. 

VI. Jeremiah, born May 8, 1657. 

VII. Mercy, born Feb. 28, 1659-60, married Hon. John 
Otis, the third of the name, July 18, 1683. She died 

Note. — In the account of the Allyn family I inadvertantly stated 
that Capt. Samuel Mayo bought his house lot of John Ca.sely. This is 
a mistake. John Casely's house lot ■w-a.s on tlie South side of the road. 
Itconlained four acres, the corner being near the Jaii lands. 
An investigation of this noatter, seems ti confirm the trndition that 
the present road between Jail Hill and the old Sturges tavern was a 
private way belonging to the Lotbrops, before the year 1686, when It 
was laid out as a public highway. In 1654 there was a highway from 
near the Savings Bank Building to the wharf now owned by Josiah 
Hinckley, and the house lots were bounded by that road. 


Dec. 10, 1737 aged 77 years. She was buried at "West 
Barnstable, where a monument is erected to her mem- 
ory. — [See Otis Family.] 
VIII. John, born June, 1651 the record says, but accord- 
ing to his grave stones in the burying ground near the 
Meeting House in the East Parish, he was born in 
June 1665. He "died Aug. 20, 1731, iu the 67th year 
of his age." 
Nathaniel Bacon, 2d, bought a part of the house lot of 
Elder Henry Cobb, including the stone or fortification house 
thereon, afterwards owned by the third Nathaniel Bacon, 
who kept a public house. He also inherited the mansion 
house of his father ; but his mother having a life estate 
therein, it did not come into his possession. 

He married March 27, 1673, Sarah, daughter of Gov. 
Thomas Hinckley. She died February 16, l()86-7, aged 
40. He married for his second wife Hannah [Lumbert?] a 
young woman. He died Dec, 1691, aged 46. In his will 
dated Aug. 6, 1691, proved May 9, 1692, he does not pro- 
vide liberally for his wife Hannah*, and contraiy to the 
usual custom, did not name her execijtrix of his will. 

He also names his son Natlianiel^arid Samuel, his daughter 
Mary and Elizabeth, l^f^-^is second wife, and 
his "honored mother Baoon." He had two dwelling 
houses, to Nathaniel he gave "one house which he will," and . 
the other to his younger son Samuel. He appointed as 
executors of his will, "My loving brethen Jeremiah Bacon 
and John Otis, and my trusty and well beloved friends 
Jonathan Russel and Lieut. James Lewis, all of this town of 
Children of Naih'l Bacon 2d, and his wife Sarah Hinckley , 

born in Barnstable. 
I. Nathaniel, born Sept. 9, 1674. He was married by 
Maj. Mayhew, Nov. 11, 1696, to Ruth Doggett, at 
Martha's Vineyard. His children were Thomas, born 
Sept. 30, 1697 ; removed to Eastham ; David born Dec. 
11, 1700; Jonathan, born March 11, 1703 ; Hannah, born 
Jan'y 15, 1704-5, and Sarah, born Jan'y 6, 1707-8. He 

*In 1698 she married John Davis, Jr., his third wife, and had Nicho- 
las. Jodediah, Desire, Noah and perhaps other children In 1705 she 
is called of Palmouih. She had one daughtei-, Elizabeth, by her sec- 
ond husband. 


died ill Barnstable Jan'y 1737-8 aged (i3, and his widow 
died Aug 6, 1756, aged 80. He was a deacon of the 
church, a blaclcsmith by trade, and kept a public house. 

II. Mary, born Oct. 9, 1677, married Xov. 5, 1702, John 
Crociver, of Barnstable. She died March 1711, aged 33. 

III. Elizabeth, born April 11, 1680, married Aug. 31, 
1704 Israel Tapper, of Sandwich. 

IV. Samuel, born Jan'y 20, 1682, married March 30, 1704 
Mary, daughter of Thomas Huckins. His second wife 
was Sarah, daughter of Edward Taylor, and wido^v of 
Samuel Allyn, Jr., whom he married 26th Jan'y 1708. — 
His children were Ebenezer, born March 16, 1705, died 
July 17, 1706; Ebenezer, Dec. 4, 1708; ^Mercv, born 
May 22, 1710; and Edward. Jan'y 23, 1714-15. ' 
Deacon Samuel Bacon, resided in the ancient far^iily man- 
sion which he transmitted to his son Edward. Dea. Bacon 
died April 29, 1728, aged 46, and his widow Sarah, Sept. 
24, 1753, aged 73. Ebenezer of this family married Jan'y 
17, 1734, Lydia Lothrop, and he removed with his wife 
and five children in 1745, to Lebanon, Conn. His house, a 
one story, gambrel roofed, double house, stood on the east- 
erly part of the land, which, the great lot of l{ev. Mr. 
Lothrop, where Daniel Downes now lives. He sold his 
house and land to Capt. John Cnllio, a Scotchman. Mercy, 
daughter of Deacon Samuel, married Aug. 5,1744, Jonathan 
Hallett, of Hyannis, a son of David Hallett. The late Ben- 
jamin Hallett, Esq., was a son, and the present Hon. Ben- 
jamin F. Hallett, of Boston, a grandson, and of the sixth 
generation from Nathaniel Bacon, the first settler. He has 
numerous descendants. 

Hon. Edward Bacon, youngest son of Dea. Samuel, was 
a distinguished man in his time. He held many important 
offices. He took an active part during the Revolution, and 
in the stirring times immediately preceding it. His patriot- 
ism was at one time doubted : but the resolutions passed by 
the town and recoi'ded, vindicate his character as patriot and 
a man. He inherited the ancient mansion house of the 
Bacons, afterwards owned by his youngest son Ebenezer. 
He married Sept. 7, 1744, Patience daughter of Benjamin 
Marston ; she died Oct. 21, 1764, and he married Dec. 21, 
1765, Rachel Doane, of VVellfleet. He died March 16. 


1783, aged 68, and is buried near the church in the East 
Parish. His widow Racbael in. Dr. Thomas Smith, 
Woods Holl. He had nine children, five of whom died in 
iniancy, namely : 1. Edward, born Oct. 19, 1742, who 
married Lydia Gorham, and died in 1811. 2. Lydia, born 
February 3, 1744-5, died April 28, 1745. 3. Nymphas, 
June 2, 1746, died Dec. i , 1746. 4. Sajnanel, Oct. 17, 
1747, died Nov, 7. 1747. 5. James, Oct. 30, 1748, who 
married Johanna Hamblen, and removed to Freeport Maine, 
fi. Susannah, Dec. 13, 1750, died March 24, 1753. 7. 
Sarah, born Dec. 25, 1752, died April 11, 1776. 8. Susan- 
nah, Feb. 14, 1755; and Ebenezer, Aug. 30, 1756, a dis- 
tinguished man. He held many important offices was a cor- 
rect business man, of sound judgment, intelligent, a good 
neighbor and citizen, and hospitable to a fault. Whatever 
Squire Bacon said was regarded as law by his neighbors, a, 
fact which shows that he was a man of worth and influence. 
He died of consumption, in 1811, aged 55 years, leaving a 
numerous family, who were "trained up in the way they 
should go," and now that "they are old they do not depart 
from it." ji/y 

Samuel Bacon, son of Nntharfel, removed to Hingham, 
and married 17th Dec, 1675, Mary, daughter of John Jacob. 
He died in Hingham, Feb. 18, 1680-1, aged 29 years, 11 
mos., -23 days. In his -will dated Jan'y 13, 1680-1 he names 
his honored mother. Hannah Bacon, widow ; his two dauo-h- 
ters, Hannah and Mary, and his wife, Mary, whom he ap- 
points sole executrix ; and for overseers, his father-in-law, 
John Jacob, of Hingham, his brother-in-law George Shove, 
of Taunton, Shubael Dimmock, of Barnstable, and his broth- 
er Jeremiah Bacon. He had property in Hingham and 
Barnstable, all of which was apprized at £334,8,2. His 
childien born in Hingham were Hannah, born Oct. 1676, 
died ;i<jed two months. Hannah, again, born Feb. 16, 1678 
and Mary, born Feb. 1680. Respecting these daughters I 
have no certain information. Tradition says they removed 
to Barnstable, never married, and built the large two story 
gambrel roofed house occupied by John Bacon, Jr., and 
afterwards by his son, the late Capt. Isaac Bacon. 

Jeremiah Bacon, son of Nathaniel, was a tanner. His 
house which was a two story building with a Leantoo on the 



west end, stood a little distance north-east from William 
Cobb's house. His tannery was in the low ground on the 
north-east his house. He married Dee. 1686, Eliza- 
beth Howes of Yarmouth. He died in 1706, aged 49, leav- 
ing a good estate, which was settled Feb. 15, 1712-13. His 
house lot, a part of the Dimmock farm, contained nine acres 
and he had thirty acres in the Common Field, adjoining the 
house lot on the north, lands at Stony Cove, and at Middle- 
boro, meadows and wood land. Of the homestead two and 
three fourths acres were set off to Job, bounded south by 
the highway, west by land of .Vlr. John Otis, (now Lot N. 
Otis,) and the meadow of Samuel Dimmock, north by the 
Creek. This land is now owned by William Cobb. To 
Samuel, his eldest son, and his mother, three acres, bounded 
south by the highway, west by Job Bacon, and north by the 
creek, with the barn and other buildings thereon. This land 
is now owned by Solomon Hinckley. To Jeremiah, second 
son, 3 and 1-2 acres, bounded south by the highway, west 
by Samuel Bacon's land, (now by the town road to the 
Common Field,) north by the creek, and east by Shubael 
Dimmock's laud. This lot was afterwards owned by Jamos 
Delap, and is now owned by the widow Anna Otis. Samuel 
had 10, Jeremiah 9 1-2 and Job 9 acres in the Common 
Field. Joseph had land at Stony Cove, and 1-3 of land at 
Middleboro, &c. Ebenezer one third of land at Middleboro, 
&c. Nathaniel had one third of land at Middleboro, &c. ; in 
his portion were 1 silver spoon, 1 silver porringer, &c. — 
His Wid. Elizabeth, and daughters Anna and Mary had por- 
tions set to them in severalty. Sarah and Elizabeth are not 
named, and were probably dead. 
Children of Jeremiah Bacon and his wife Elizabeth Howes 

born in Barnstable. 
I. Sarah, born Oct. 16, 1687, probably died young. 
H. Anna, born Mar. 16, 1688-9. 

HI.Mercy, born Jan'y 30, 1689-90, married Mar. 19, 1719, 
Thomas Joyce of Yarmouth, had a large family of girls 
noted for their beauty, which however did not prevent the 
father from committing suicide. 
IV. Samuel, born Aug. 15, 1692. He married three 
wives. 1st, Deborah daughter of Nathaniel Otis, who 
came from Nantucket and settled in Barnstable. She 


died May 29th, 1721. 2d, he marvied J;m'y 7, 1724-5 
Wid. Hannah JRussell, a daughter of Joseph Paine, Esq., 
of Harwich. She had previously married on the 20th of 
Jan'y 1715-16, Philip Eussel). 'She died May 8, 1753 
aged 58, (the church records say "about 50.") 3d Mary 
Howland, Feb. 21, 1754. He was a captain, a man of 
some property, and had the bump of self esteem largely 
developed. Notwithstanding his official standing and his 
being junior to Dea. Samuel, he vvas always known as 
Scussion Sam, a nickname exceedingly mortifying to his 
dignity. He believed that his family was entitled to more 
respect than the other Bacon families and was often vexed 
because his neighbors thought otherwise. He had a habit 
of saying, "we \vill discuss that matter," hence his nick- 
name. He resided in the house which was his father's 
and died Jan'y 29, 1770 aged 77. His children born in 
Barnstable were Sarah, Feb. 24, 1713-14, who married 
Jabez Linnell, Nov. 11, 1736; Oris, May 7, 1715, mar- 
ried Hannah Lewis Nov. 23, 1738, and died July 11, 
1773, without issue, and bequeathed his estate to his 
nephew, the late Mr. Oris Bacon ; Thomas, Oct. 23, 1716, 
married Desire Hallett Feb. 1, 1745 ; Susannah, Dec. 24, 
1718, married Nath'l Cobb De^ 14, 1738 ; Deborah, Dec. 
4, 1720, married Peter Pierce-'Nov. 12, 1741 ; Hannah, 
baptized Feb. 13, 1725-6, and Mary baptized July 26, 
1730. There are no descendants in the male line of Capt. 
Samuel Bacon now living in Barnstable. A great-grandson 
residing in AVisconsin has many. Oris Bacon, son of Oris 
died at Lima Centre, Wisconsin, Nov. 21, 1862, aged 85 
years, 7 months, 5 days. 

V. Jeremiah, born Oct. 2, "1694, married Abigail Parker 
(she married 2d, Nov. 10, 1732, Mr. Eliphalet Carpenter 
of Woodstock,) and had Prince June 15, 1720, and Jer- 
emiah, Jan'y 14, 1723-4. The latter married Hannah 
Taylor April 23, 1750. 

VI. Joseph, born June 15. 1695, married Patience Annable 

1722, and had seven children. 1. Joseph born April 11, 

1723, married Mirian Coleman Dec. 13, 1750 ; 2. Desire' 
born Dec. 3, 1724, married Joseph Davis, Jr., Sept. 24, 
1745. 3. Jane, born Feb. 28 1727-8 married James 
Davis, Jr., Sept. 24, 1745. 4. Samuel, father of Robert 


Bacon of Boston, born March 28, 1731. He died on 
board the Jersey prison ship. One account says : 
"Samuel Bacon of Barnstable, died on board the prison 
ship at St. Lucia 1781." 5. Patience, born June 29, 
173-1, married May 19, 1747, Ben. Davis. 6. Annah, 
born July 29, 1737, died June 20, 1761. 7. Mercy, born 
April 17, 1740, married Sept. 4, 1760, Ben. Lumbert. 

VII. Ebenezer, born March 11, 1698. 

VIII. Nathaniel, born Sept. 11, 1700, married June 11, 
1726, Sarah Cobb. He lived in the Otis Loring house 
and removed to New Jersey about 1750. He had born in 
Barnstable, Rebecca, Dec. 17, 1726 ; Jeremiah, born June 
25, 1732; Elizabeth, born May 1, 1734; Sarah, born May 
9, 1736 ; (she said her sister Elizabeth walked from New 
Jersey, barefooted ;) died unmarried in 1815; Nathaniel 
born March 3, 1737-8. 

IX. Job, born March 23, 1703, married Elizabeth Mills, 
March 10, 1725. 

X. Elizabeth, born Aug. 6, 1705. 

John Bacon, Esq., youngest son of Nathaniel, was eight 
years of age when his father died in 1673. Beside his share 
in his father's estate, his brothers Nathaniel and Samuel 
bought for him Nov. 25, 1676, twelve acres of land of 
Major John Walley, administrator on the estate of Nicholas 
Davis, deceased. The eastern half, however, seems to have 
been transferred to his sister Mercy, afterwards wife of Hon. 
John Otis. 

Extracts* from ancient deeds, and other records, enable 
me to state in an intelligible form the original laying out of 
the lands east of Cobb's, or Meeting House Hill. The house 
lot of Roger Goodspeed as already stated was bounded west 
by the present Mill Lane and the Hyannis road. On the 
north side of the highway the next lot on the east was laid 
out to Nathaniel Bacon, this extended to the top of the Hill 
a little east of the spot where the late Capt. Isaac Bacon's 
house stood. On the south side of the road, the lot next 
east of Goodspeed's was owned in 1654 by the Wid. Mary 
Hallett, and is now owned by S. B. Phinney and the heirs 
of Timothy Reed, deceased. The next lot was laid out to 

*The extracts referred to are omitteo. 


Lieutenant James Lewis and is now owned by F. W. Crock- 
er. Tlie next lot now owned by Frederick Cobb, on the 
east of the Lane (called Cobb's lane) was laid out to Nath'l 
Bacon. The eastern boundary of this lot corresponding 
with the eastern boundary of his house lot on the north side 
of the highway. Richard Foxwell's lots were next east, 
four acres lying on each side of the road. The Bacons 
bought this land early. A part of that bought of Foxwell 
on the north side is yet owned by them, and a part by the 
Agricultural society. The Foxwell land on the south of the 
road is now owned by Joseph H. Hallet and James Otis. 
Next east of the Foxwell land on the south of the road, was 
the great lot of Elder Henry Cobb containing sixty acres. — 
It extended to the range of fence a little west of the present 
dwelling house of Joseph Cobb. Henry Taylor owned two 
acres at the north east comer of this lot. Next east of Elder 
Cobb's great lot was the farm of Joshua Lumbard extendino- 
to the range on the east of the house of Amos Otis, deceased, 
and bounded east by the great lot of Rev. John Lothrop. 
Joshua Lumbert, when he removed to South Sea, sold this 
lot. The front was owned by Schoolmaster Lewis, and the 
rear by Robert Shelly, who sold -to Samuel Norman. Mr. 
Lothrop's great lot contained 45 acres, and extended to the 
range of fence between the houses of Daniel Downes and 
Joshua Thayer. This lot was sold by the heirs of Mr. 
Lothrop to John Scudder, and he sold his house and six 
acres of land to Stephen Davis, and the remainder of the 
land to the Bacons. On the north side of the road the lot 
next east of Foxwell's was Nicholas Davis' ; this land ex- 
tended to the eastern boundary of the Dimmock farm, which 
is the range of fence between the houses of Charles Sturo-is 
and Solomon Hinckley. From this point, the Dimmock 
land was bounded 115 rods on the south by the highway to 
the turn in the road east of the house of William W. Stur- 
gis. The Dimmocks sold some of their laud very early. 
Nicholas Davis bought six acres at the west end and which 
was a part of the tracts which his administrator sold to John 
Bacon, but was afterwards transferred to his sister Mercy 
and is now owned by her descendants Solomon Hinckley 
and Lot N. Otis. Four acres on the east of the last named 
lot were bought by Henry Taylor, and by him sold in 1659 
to Nath'l Bacon. John Scudder bought six acres of the 


Dimtnock land which he sold to the Bacons. The two last lots 
were afterwards the property of Jeremiah Bacon, and divid- 
ed in 1712 as above stated. 

The Bacons owned extensive tracts of land. John Ba- 
con, Esq., owned on the road the lots which belonged to Fox- 
well, and the lot of Nicholas Davis. He owned a house and 
farm at Strawberry Hill at South Sea, and extensive tracts 
of wood land and meadows. 

He was bred a lawyer, and had an extensive practice. 
He was a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, and held 
other offices. He wrote the worst hand, for a man of busi- 
ness, that I have ever met with ; his lines were crooked in 
every direction ; his letters cramped and awkwardly formed, 
and difficult to decipher; the execution shabby and misera- 
ble. It has been remarked that a man's character is devel- 
oped in his hand-writing. If John Bacon, Esq., is to 
be judged by that rule, a high estimate cannot be placed on 
his orderly habits or intellectual endowments. He was much 
employed in public business, was a church member in good 
standing, and his moral character was unblemished. 

John Bacon, Esq., youngest son of Nathaniel, married 
June 17, 1686, Mary, daughter of Capt. John Hawes 
of Yarmouth. She died, March 5, 1725-6, aged 61 years. 
He married for his second wife, Sept. 9, 1726, Madame 
Sarah Warren of Plymouth, a widow-woman having children 
and grand-children of her own. He died "Aug. 20, 1731, 
in the 67th year of his age,'" and is buried in the grave yard 
near the Meeting House in the East Parish. 

In his Will, a most elaborate document, occupying four 
and one-half large and closely written pages on the records, 
he provides that in certain contingencies, his negro slave 
Dinah shall be sold by his executors, "and all she is sold for 
shall be improved by my executors in buying of Bibles, and 
they shall give them equally alike unto each of my said 
wife's and my grand-children." Whether this pious act was 
performed by his executors, I am not informed. 

He left a large estate, which he divided nearly in equal 
• proportions to his children then living. His wife was pro- 
vided for in a marriage contract dated 27th of May, 1729. 
He owned his homestead on the north side of the road, con- 
taining about thirty acres, bought of Foxwell, Nicholas 
Davis and Abraham Blish ; this he divided into five lots, 


giving to Nathaniel the eastern, containing six acres, on 
which his son had built a two-story single house. This lot 
is now owned by Charles Sturgis, S. B. Pbinney and Joseph 
Basset. The next lot on the west, to his daughter Desire 
Green, on which there had also been built a two-story single 
house, afterward owned by Lot Thacher. The next lot con- 
taining five acres, he gave by deed to his son Solomon, who 
sold it to John Sturgis, jr. These two lots are now owned 
by Joseph Basset. The fourth lot with the mansion house 
thereon, he gave to his son Judah, and the west lot to his 
son John by deed. These, excepting about an acre at the 
southwest, are now owned by the Barnstable County Agri- 
cultural Society. The Foxwell land on the south side of the 
road he gave to Judah with the barn, orchard, &c. 

His farm and dwelling-house at Strawberry Hill, South 
Sea, he gave 1-8 to Hannah, 1-8 to Solomon, 1-4 to Nathan- 
iel, 1-4 to John, and 1-4 to Judah. Solomon to have the 
improvement of the house till he had one of his own. 

His woodland he gave in equal shares to Desire, 
Nathaniel, John, Solomon and Judah. 

His meadows he divided to his sons, and daughter 

His clothing he divided to Nathaniel 1-4, and his best hat 
and wig, John 1-2 and his cane, Solomon 1-4 and law books, 
and to Judah 1-4 and his horse furniture. 

His "household wares," 1-3 to Desire, and 1-3 to Hannah 
and I presume the other 3d to his wife. His one-sixth of 
the mill at Blushe's Bridge he gave to Solomon ; and his 
great Bible to Hannah. He gave to all his sons and grand- 
sons, liberty to use his two landing-places, one at the mill 
and the other at Blushe's Point. To his grand-daughter 
Mary, daughter of his son Isaac, then deceased, 20 shillings, 
and if Isaac's widow had another child, then £40, provided 
either lived to be 21 years of age. 

His orchard he gave to Judah, but his children, not- 
withstanding, were to have the fruit of five trees each for 
seven years. 

Judah had the largest share in the estate, but he had 
duties to perform that the others had not. He had to pro- 
vide among other things "a good gentle beast to go in my 
wife's calach to any part of Barnstable, and once a year to 


Children (if John Bacon, Enq., and his wife Mary Haues. 

I. Hannah, born June 7, 1687, married March 25, 1709, 
Ebenczer Morton, of Plymouth, and had a family. 

II. Desire, born March 15, 16>^8-9, mMrried March 25, 
1709, (at the same time with her sister Hannah) 
William Green, and had six children. She died 
Dec. 29, 1730, aged 41. He died Jan'y 28, 1756, 
"aged about 70." 

III. Nathaniel, born Jan'y 16, 1691-2, married Aug. 19, 
1720, Anna Annabie, who died soon, leaving no issue. 
He married in 1730, Thankful Lumbert, by whom he 
had Lemuel, Benjamin, Jabez, Hannah and Jane, bap- 
tized April 26, 1741. She had afterwards Lurania, 
illegitimate, baptized Aug. 28, 1743. She married 
Sept. 7, 1744, Augustine Bearse, and had other chil- 
dren. She died Nov., 1774, aged "about 70." Jabez 
died 1757, leaving his estate to his brothers and 

IV. Patience, born June 15, 1694 ; died young. 

V. John, born March 24, 1697, mariied IGlizabeth Free- 
man, May 3, 1726. The records says he died "abroad 
May 24, 1745." He fell overboard at sea and was 
drowned.* He owned and occupied the large two- 
story gambrel-roofed dwelling, on the rising ground 
east of the ancient mansion-house of the Bacons. 
He was called a saddler in 1729 ; but I have 
understood he was a sea captain at the time of 
his death. He had ten children, Mary, born 
March 24, 1725-6, died in infancy ; John, born 
April 29, 1728; he died a young man leaving no 
issue; Barnabas, born April 17, 1729, died in 
infancy; a daughter, Jan'y 3, 1730-1, died "in half 
an hour"; Elizabeth, born May 8, 1731, married 
Oct. 6, 1755, Thomas Dimmock; Isaac, born Dec. 
25, 1732, married Oct. 29, 1762, Alice Talor. He 
died June 26, 1819, aged 87 years. He resided in 
the house which was his father's. He had a small 

♦The circumstances are thus told : When he fell overboard there was 
only one other man on deck — a man who stammered, but a good sing- 
er. When Capt. Bacon fell overboard he attempted to call the crew, 
but could not articulate a word. One said to him "sing it," and he 
commenced and sung "John Bacon's overboard.'' 


farm which he cultivated, raising a large quantity of 
onions for market. He was master of a packet run- 
ning between Boston and Barnstable many years, and 
in the fall carried a large quantity of onions to the 
Boston market. He was tall, over six feet, and 
well proportioned — a man that was never vexed 
at anything. If a man assailed him, he would 
always have a witty reply, and thus turn the tables 
on his opponent. Many anecdotes are related of 
him. In the article on the Annable family a char- 
acteristic story is told of him. This packet was 
called "the Somerset," not her real name — a small 
craft — the remains of which lie in the raft dock at 
Blushe's Point. One time he sailed from Barnstable 
with a southwest wind. After crossing the bar his 
vessel began to leak. Unable to keep her free by 
pumping, he hove about to return, and continuing to 
pump she was soon free. It did not take Capt. Isaac 
long to find the trouble. A wicked rat had gnawed 
a hole through the planking on the starboard side, 
which was under water when on the other tack. He 
made a plug, let himself down on the side of the ves- 
sel, and drove it in the rat-hole, hove about and 
went to Boston. 

One year straw to bunch early ripe onions could 
not be procured, and the farmers cut green bull- 
rushes for the purpose. Purchasers who wanted 
onions for the West India market, objected to them. 
In reply, Capt. Bacon said: "Gentlemen, these are 
what are called 'tarnity onions'; they'll keep to all 
eternity." He sold his onions, but the purchasers 
had to throw them overboard in a week after. 

Capt. Samuel Hutchins, no relation of Capt. Ba- 
con's, also run a packet to Boston and carried onions. 
At one time he sold a load to be delivered in Salem. 
Capt. Bacon heard of it, and having his vessel loaded, 
sailed for Salem, and called on the merchant to buy. 
The merchant said he had engaged a load of Capt. 
Huckins. Capt. Bacon replied : "He is my son-in- 
law and these are the very onions." 

The town records say the 7th child of John 
Bacon, jr., was named Mark, the church records say 


Mercy, born Jan'y 27, 1734-5, baptized Feb. 2, 
1734-5. She died unmarried March 29,' 1765 ; Sim- 
eon, born July 26, 1736, died March 21, 1740; 
Desire, born May 20, 1738 ; she was never married, 
lived in the house with her brother Isaac, in which 
she had a life estate. She died March 2, 1811 ; 
Mary, born Aug. 23, 1740. married Joseph Bavis.- 

VI. Isaac, born March 29, 1699, married Hannah Ste- 
vens. He removed to Provincetown where he died 
in 1730, leaving a daughter Mary, and a posthumous 
child, born after the death of the father. 

VII. Solomon, born April 3, 1701, married July 16, 1726, 
Hannah Capron, a Tiehobeth name. He was a phy- 
sician and resided some time in Barnstable. Whether 
he removed or died young, I am unable to say. I 
have a memorandum that he had a daughter Sarah, 
who died April 11, 1775, aged 20. 

VIII. Judah, born Dec. 9, 1703. I do not find that he left 

Nathaniel Bacon, including the male and female lines, 
is the ancestor of a very large proportion of the eminent 
men of Cape Cod. The sketch which I have givein, is only 
an outline. There are an abundance of materials for an in- 
teresting, useful and popular work, and I hope the author of 
the Sears' Memorial will deem it a subject worthy of his 
eloquent pen. 

The descendants of Jeremiah Bacon did not inherit the 
business talents for which the other branches of the Bacon 
family were distinguished. Some of them were noted for 
their pleasant humor and ready wit. The saying of Nathan- 
iel, brother of the second Oris, are often repeated in the 
neighborhood where he resided. He married a grand- 
daughter of William Blatchford, and his wife Elizabeth, the 
reputed witch. He was a poor man, had a large family, 
and died at the Almshouse in Barnstable. At first he re- 
sided near the late Mr. Ebenezer Sturgis, afterwards in a 
small house, at a distance from neighbors. On a cold, 
stormy winter's day, when the roads were blocked by drifts 
of snow, he sat in his comfortable room, while Mr. Sturgis 
and his sons were out watering and taking care of their large 
stock of cattle. Nathaniel remai-ked : "I am thankful that 
I do not own that stock of cattle ; Sally and I have been 


sitting at ease by a cheerful, blazing fire, they have been 
toiling all day, exposed to the cold, driving storm. 

When in the eastern country he boastingly said, 
'Squire Bacon and I keep more cows than any other two 
men in Barnstable"; Nathaniel had one; 'Squire Bacon 

He tooli up a bar of iron in a blaclismith's shop and 
said, "I can bite an inch off of this bar," at the same time 
showing a good set of teeth. A l)et on the performance of 
the feat was accepted. Putting the iron near his open 
mouth, he brouglit his teeth quiclily together. "There, 
gentlemen," said he, "I have bitten more 'than an inch 

Of his wife he related the following anecdote : One 
stormy winter morning, when he had no wood to kindle a 
fire, no provisions in his house, and six small children 
clamoring for breakfast, his wife got up, scraped a little 
frost from a window, and looking out exclaimed in piteous 
tones, -'Oh, what would I give for one pipe of tobacco." 

Samuel Bacon, of Barnstable, took the oath of fidelity 
in 1657. How long he had then been of Barnstable does 
not appear. In 1(562, he had a grant of "six acres of land 
more or less, sixty poles north and south, and 18 poles 
wide," (less than 5 acres) at the head of Richard Foxwell's 
land, bounded northerly thereby, east by the land of James 
Cobb, south by the commons, and west by Xathaniel Bacon. 
He married 9th of May, 1669, Martha Foxwell, and had 

I. Samuel, born March 9, 1669-70.'^ 
n. Martha, born Jan'y, 1671. 

This family disappeared early. Sifcu<sl is supposed to 
have been a brother of Nathaniel and "M^jtbeth . but I find 
no positive evidence that such was tlie fEt 



This eccentric and learned divine has the honor of being 
the first white man who settled within the present limitn of 
the town of Barnstable. He lived a hundred years, and his 
long life was checkered with exciting incidents on which the 
imaginative pen of the novelist would delight to dwell. He 
was born in England in 1561, received orders in the estab- 
lished church, was settled in the ministry, and ejected by 
the bishops for non-conformity, at whose hands Gov. Winth- 
rop says he had suffered much. He married early in life, 
and four of his sons and three daughters are named : John 
Wing, afterwards of Sandwich, married his daughter Debo- 
rah, probably before his removal to Holland, where he re- 
sided several years. During his residence in that country, 
Christopher Hussey, the ancestor of the Nantucket family of 
that name, became enamored with his daughter Theodate, 
and sought her hand in marriage ; but Mr. Bachiler refused 
assent, without the bridegroom would agree to remove to 
New England. Hussey assented to the condition imposed, 
and took, probably in 1629, Theodate to wife. Mr. Bach- 
iler, intending to emigrate to New England, soon after re- 
turned to London.. Mr. Lewis states that his church in 
Holland consisted of six members beside himself, and that 
these returned with him to London. No names are given ; 
but it is uniformly stated that they were his friends, or mem- 
bers of his own family. If so, the seven probably were Mr. 
Bachiler and his wife, John Wing and his wife Deborah, 
John Sanborn and his wife, a daughter of Mr. Bachiler, and 
Theodate Hussey. Sanborn's wife died in England, and it 
does not appear that he came over. His sons John. William 
and Stephen came over with their grandfather and settled in 
Hampton. Christopher Hussey and his mother, the widow- 
Mary Hussey, were afterwards members of his church, and 


followed their pastor in all his wanderings. Mr. Savage, 
whose authority is not to be rejected on light or inconclu- 
sive testimony, thinks the Husseys came over in the same 
ship with ?tlr. Bachiler. The court records, and the decis- 
ions of the ecclesiastical councils favor his supposition, and 
it will be hard to show how the ubiquitous number of six 
members is made up, if he is not right. 

On the 9th of March, 1632, Mr. Bachiler and his com- 
pany embarked at London in the ship \\'illiam and Francis, 
Capt. Thomas, and arrived in Boston Thursday, June 5, 
1632, after a tedious passage of 88 days, and on the day 
next after liis arrival went to Lynn. 

Mr. Lewis* states that "In Mr. Bachiler's church were 
six persons who had belonged to a church with him in Eng- 
land ; and of these he constituted a church at Lynn, to 
which he admitted such as desired to become members, and 
commenced the exercise of his public ministrations on Sun- 
day, the 8th of June, without installation." Four months 
after a complaint was made of some irregularities in his con- 
duct . He was arraigned before the court at Boston, Oct. 
3, when the following order was passed: "Mr. Bachiler is 
required to forbeare exercising his gifts as a pastor or teacher 
pul)liqely in our Pattent, unlesse it be to those he brought 
with him, for his contempt of authority, and until some scan- 
dies be removed." Mr. Bachiler, however, succeeded in 
regaining the esteem of the people, and the court on the 4th 
of March, 1633, removed their injunction against him. In 
1635, some of the members became dissatisfied with the 
conduct of their pastor, "and doubting whether they were 
regularly organized as a church," withdrew from the com- 
munion. A council of ministers was held on the 15th of 
March, and after deliberating three days, decided ."that 
although the church had not lieen properly instituted, yet 
after-consent and practice of a church-state had supplied that 
defect. So all were reconciled," says the record. Mr. 
Bachiler, however, perceiving no prospect of terminating 
the difficulties, requested a dismission for himself and the 
six who had accompanied him from England, which was 
granted, on the supposition that he intended to remove fi-om 

*The dates given by the aiithoi- of the history of Lynn are not always 
reliable. He states that Hussuy settled in Lynn in 1630. The evidence 
favors the supposition that he did not come over till 1632. 


Lynn. Instead of this, he remained and formed another 
church of his friends, that is of those who came over with 

This conduct gave great offence to "the most and chief 
of the town" of Lynn, and they entered a complaint against 
Mr. Bachiler to the assistants who forbade him to proceed 
in the organization of his church until the subject was con- 
sidered by other ministers. Still he goes on. The magis- 
trates require his attendance before them. He refuses to 
obey; they send the marshall who brought him into their 
presence. He submits and agrees to leave the town in three 

Mr. Bachiler was admitted a freeman May 6, 1635, and 
removed from Lynn to Ipswich in Feb. 163H, where he re- 
ceived a grant of fifty acres of land, and had the prospect 
of a settlement ; but some difiiculty arose and he left the 

Gov. Withrop in the first volume of his history, under 
the date of March 30, 1(338, has the following passage : 

"Another plantation was now in hand at Mattakeese 
["MOW Yarmouth," \s written on the marginjsix miles beyond 
Sandwich. The undertaker of this was one Mr. Batcheller, 
late pastor at Saugus, (since called Lynn) being about 76 
years of age ; yet he walked thither on foot in a very hard 

"He and his company, being all poor men, finding the 
difiiculty, gave it over and others undertook it." 

Mr. Bachiler settled in the easterly part of Mattakeese, 
at a place which is known to this day as "OW Town." The 
names of his associates are not given ; probably the com- 
pany consisted of persons who belonged to, or were con- 
nected by marriage, with the family of Mr. Bachiler, namely, 
sons, sons-in-law and grand-sons, with their families.* 

Mr . Bachiler probably obtained the consent of Mr. 
Collicut, to whom the lands at Mattakeese had been granted, 
before he undertook to establish a plantation ; for without 

*There is a remarkable parallelism between the character of Mr. 
Bachiler and thatof Mr. Wm. Nickerson, the ancestorof the family of 
that name. Both were, or assumed to be, i-eligious men; bi>th were 
stiff-necked and wayward; both were often involved in difHculties; 
both were undertakers of uew plantations, and in both their families, 
the same clannish feeling prevailed. Bachiler had more wives and 
Nickerson more law suits; the former "undertook" several planta- 
tions; the latter only or.e; otherwise their histories were parallel. 


such consent he would have been a trespasser and liable to 
ejectment. The terms of the grant cannot be quoted ; but 
it does not thence follow that no permit was given or grunt 
made. VVe know by the Old Colony records that in ll)37 
or 1638, certain lands in Barnstable were run out into house 
and other lots ; that these lands were laid out by or under 
the authority of Mr. Richard Collicut of Dorchester. He 
was a surveyor, but there is no evidence that he was ever in 
Barnstable. The Plymouth records tell us the thing was 
done ; but they do not tell us who did it. The passage 
quoted from (iov. VVinthrop clearly and distinctly states 
that at, (jr about the time, the Plymouth records say the 
lands were run out, Mr. Eachiler and his company under- 
took to form a plantation at Mattakeese. The very lirst 
thing that he and his company did, undoubtedly, was to do 
what all such companies did in those times tirst do ; that is 
run out house lots for each of their party, and farming lands 
and meadows to be held by each in severalty. Not to pre- 
sume this, is to presume that Mr. Eachiler and his company 
were not only wanting in common prudence, but wanting in 
common sense. The tirst settlers in new countries 
never failed to appropriate a sufficiency of laud to them- 
selves, and in order to make such appropriation, they must 
tirst run them out and put up boundaries. 

That there were some among his company that could 
survey lands, scarce admits of doubt. Mr. Bachilcr, as Mr. 
Prince informs us, was a "man of learning and ingenuity, 
and wrote a tine and curious hand," and he could undoubt- 
edly run lines and draw plans. His son John Wing, one of 
the company, was a man of skill and energy — and he proba- 
bly had with him his sons Daniel, Stephen and John, three 
stout youths, if not all men grown — one of whom in after- 
times was a surveyor of lands. 

That Mr. Bachiler's party were capable of doino- all 
that the Colony records say was done, does not admit of 
doubt, and in the absence of all proof to the contrary, it is 
to be presumed that they did do it. 

Sandwich was settled in 1637, mostly by people from 
Lynn — old neighbors and acquaintances of Mr. Bachiler's 
company — and it is probable, that being the nearest settle- 
ment to Mattakeese, that they left their women and little 
ones there till shelter could be procured for them in the new 


The tir^t house built within the present Iionnds of Yar- 
mouth (of which there is a record), is that of Mr. Stephen 
Hopkins, aftei wards owned b}' his son Gyles, and by him 
sohl to Andrew Hallet, jr. This was in the summer of 1()38, 
and was built as a temporary residence for his servants who 
had the care of cattle sent from Plymouth to be wintered at 
Mattakeese. \\'hether or not cattle had been sent from 
Plymouth in previous years does not appear; if so, then 
Mr. Bachiler found whites within a mile of the place he select- 
ed for settlement. It was also in the inunediate vicinity of 
"lyanough's town," a place not inhabited by the Indians in 
the winter, and their deserted wigwams perhaps afforded 
them a temporary shelter. 

Mr. Bachiler and his company were all poor men, illy 
provided with the means of establishing a plantation, even 
in the mild season of the year, and it is hardly possible that 
they could have sustained themselves during the intensely 
cold winter of 1637, without some kindly herdsmen, or 
some friendly Indians gave them shelter while they were 
preparing their rude habitations. 

Early in the spring of 1638, Mr. Bachiler, "finding 
the difficulties great," abandoned his plantation at Matta- 
keese. John Wing and his family stopped in Sandwich. 
Mr. Bachiler and Christopher Hussey went to Newbury, 
aud on the 6th of September the Massachusetts Legislature 
gave them and others leave to begin a plantation at Hamp- 
ton, of which he became the minister. The next year, ac- 
cording to Mr. Felt, he was excommunicated for unchastity, 
though Gov. Winthrop says he was then "about eighty 
years of age, and had a lusty, comely woman to wife ." In 
November, 1641, he was restored to the church, but not to 
his oflice. About this time his house in Hampton took fire 
and was consumed with nearly all his property. 

In 1644, the people of Exeter invited him to settle 
there; but the court forbid his settlement. In 1647, he 
was at Portsmouth, now Portland, where in 1650, he being 
then 89 years old, his second wife Helena being dead, he 
married his third wife Mary, without publishing his inten- 
tion of marriage according to law, for which he was fined 
ten pounds, half of which was afterwards remitted. 

With his third wife he lived only a few months. She 
went to Kittery, and, according to the York records, on the 
15th of October, 1651, was presented for committing adnl- 


tery with George Rogers, and sentenced "to receive forty 
stripes save one, at the first town meeting held at Kittery 
six weeks after her delivery, and be branded with the letter 
A." In October, 1656, she petitioned for a divorce from 
Mr. Bachiler, because he had five years before "transported 
himself to Ould England, and betaken himself to another 
wife," and because she desired "disposing herselfe in the 
way of marriage." Whether or not she obtained a divorce 
does not appear on record. 

Mr. Bachiler, atter his return to England, married a 
fourth wife, his third being then living. At last he died in 
the year 1660, at Hackney, near Loudon, in the one hun- 
dreth year of his age.* 

No record of his family is preserved . Four sons and 
three daughters are named. Henry, settled at Reading ; 
Nathaniel, born about 1611, "a chip of the old block," set- 
tled at Hampton, and Francis and Stephen, both remained 
in London, the latter said to have been livinsr in 1685. Of 
his daughters, one as before stated, married John Sanborn, 
and died before 1632. Theodate, married Christopher 
Hussey, and died in Hampton in 1649. Deborah married 
John Wing of Sandwich. On the Yarmouth town records I 
find the following entry : "Old Goody Wing desesed the 
last of January, '91 and '92," that it Jan'y 31, 1692, N. S. 
This record probably refers to Deborah, widow of the first 
John Wing. Her son John resided at Sawtucket (now 
Brewster), then within the corporate jurisdiction of Yar- 
mouth, and his aged mother probably resided with him. 
There is no one beside to whom the record will apply. Her 
age is not given, but an approximation to it may be made. 
Her son Daniel of Sandwich, if he had then been living, 
would have been 70 years of age, consequently the mother 
must have been about 90 years of age at her death 

*In preparing this article, I have consulted Gov. Winthrop's Histo- 
ry, thK Ph month and Mnssachnetts Records, Felt's, Ecclesiastical His- 
tory, Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, and Lewis's History of Lynn; 
the latter gives the fullest sketch of the life of Mr. Bachiler yet pub- 
lished. The reading of the extraats from the records, given by Mr. 
Lewis, leave the impression on the mind that Mr. Bachiler was not 
suoli a man as a minister of the gospel should be, A literary friend, 
who for .several years has behn collecting materials for a memoir of 
Mr. Bachiler, says he is not deserving of the odium which has been 
heaped on his character. 



William Basset, one of the forefathers, came over in 
the ship Fortune in 1621 ; settled first in Plymouth, then in 
Duxhury, and finally in Bridgewater — of which town he was 
an original proprietor. He died there in 1667. He was 
comparatively wealthy, being a large land-holder, only four 
in Plymouth paying a higher tax in the year 1633. He had 
a large library, from which it is to be inferred that he was 
an educated man. In 1648, he was fined five shillings for 
neglecting "to mend guns in seasonable times" — an offence 
of not a very heinious character — but it shows that he was 
a mechanic as well as a planter. Many of his descendants 
have been large land-holders, and even to this day a Basset 
who has not a good landed estate, thinks that he is misera- 
bly poor. 

His name is on the earliest list of freemen, made in 
1633 ; he was a volunteer in the company raised in 1637, to 
assist Massachusetts and Connecticut in the Pequod war ; a 
member of the committee of the town of Duxbury to lay out 
bounds, and to decide on the fitness of persons applying to 
become residents, and was representative to the Old Colony 
Court six years. His son William settled in Sandwich ; 
was there in 1651, and is the ancestor of the families of that 
name in that town, and of some of the families in Barnsta- 
ble and Dennis. His son, Col. William Basset, was mar- 
shall of Plymouth Colony at the time of the union with 
Massachusetts, and in 1710, one of the Judges of the Infe- 
rior Court, and afterwards Eegister of Probate. He was an 
excellent penman, and wrote a very small, yet distinct and 
beautiful hand, easily read. The records show that he was 
a careful and correct man. He was the most distinguished 
of any of the name in Massachusetts. He died in Sand- 


wich, Sept. 29, 1721, in the 65th year of his age. 

Elisha Basset, a grandson of Col. Basset, removed to 
Dennis, then a part of Yarmouth. He was a captain in the 
Provincial militia ; had three commissions, each signed by a 
different Royal Governor. At the commencement of the 
lievolution he was a zealous whig and surrendered his com- 
mission, and was offered a captain's commission in the Con- 
tinental Army ; but the circumstances of his family obliged 
him to decline accepting it. He was the representative from 
Yarmouth at the Provincial Congress, as it was called, which 
assembled at Cambridge and Watertown in the years 1774 
and 75. 

Nathaniel Basset, son of the tirst William, is the ances- 
tor of the Yarmouth, Chatham and Hyannis, and some of the 
West Barnstable families of the name. On the 2d of March, 
1651-2, "Nathaniell Basset and Joseph Prior, for disturb- 
ing the church of 'Duxburrou,' on the Lord's day, were 
sentenced each of them to pay twenty shillings fine, or the 
next towne meeting or training day both of them to bee 
bound unto a post for the space of two hours, in some public 
place, with a paper on their heads on which theire capital 
crime shall be written perspecusly, soe as may bee read." 
Whether they paid the fines imposed, or suffered the novel 
mode of punishment to which they were sentenced, does not 

Nathaniel settled first in Marshfield, but removed to 
Yarmouth where he was an inhabitant in 1664,. and perhaps 
earlier. He resided near the first meeting-house, and his 
descendants still enjoy his lands. Notwithstandino- the trifl- 
ing irregularity in his conduct when a young man at Dux- 
bury, he was a very worthy and respectable citizen, had a 
large family — ten of whom lived to mature age. He died 
January 16, 1709-10, aged 82. 

No record of the family of the first William Basset has 
been preserved. It appears that he was married but had no 
children at the division of the land in 1623 ; but at the divis- 
ion of the cattle in 1627, he had two, William and EHzabeth. 
His wife was named Elizabeth, and it is stated by Jndo-e 
Mitchell that she was probably a Tilden.* His children, 

His wife Mary presented the inventory of his estate. May 13 1667 
and took the oath required. The names of Mary and Elizabeth were 
formerly considered synonymous, and it may be that Mary was not his 
second wife. j ^^ uio 


horn in Plymouth and Duxbury, were 

I. William, born 1624, removed to Sandwich, was called 
Mr., married Mary, daughter of Hugh Burt of Lynn, 
and died in 1670, leaving a large estate. Had daughter 
Mary born 21st November, 1654; William, 2d, 1656, and 
probably others. Col. William, 3d, married Rachel, had 
Mary, Oct. 20, 1676; Nathan, 1677; Eachel, Oct. 25, 
1679 ; William, Jonathan, and another daughter. Wil- 
liam married Abigail, daughter of Elisha Bourne, and 
had Elisha, who removed to Yarmouth, and other chil- 
dren. Nathan married Mary Huckins, 1690, removed to 
Chilmark and had eleven children. His son Nathan 
graduated at Harvard in 1719, and was afterwards set- 
tled in Charleston, 8. C. An interesting account of the 
Bassets of Martha's Vineyard has recently been pub- 
lished by R. L. Pease, Esq. Mary, the wife of Nathan, 
was a daughter of John Huckins of Barnstable, and 
was brought up in the family of her grandfather. Elder 
John Chipman. The account of her religious expe- 
rience, written \>y herself, is a narrative of thrilling in- 
terest. Jonathan married Mary , and died Dec. 

13, 1683, leaving, I think, one son, Jonathan, who is 
named in his grandfather's will. 

H. Elizabeth, born about 1626, married Thomas Burgess, 
jr., of Sandwich, 8th Nov. 1648, was divorced June 
10, 1661. He removed to Rhode Island, and was a 
resident at Newport in 1671, having a wife Lydia. 

HI. Nathaniel, born 1628, married for his first wife a 
daughter of John Joyce [Mary or Dorcas] of Yar- 
mouth. His wife Hannah, who died in 1709, was prob- 
ably a second wife. The record of his family is lost. 
His will, dated Jan'ry 10, 1709-10, six days before his 
death, is a carefully drawn instrument, witnessed by 
Rev. Daniel Greenleaf, Experience Rider, and his 
nephew Col. William Basset, and furnishes much gen- 
ealogical information. He names his nine children then 
living, says he is "aged and under much decay of 
body," being then 82 years of age. To his son Wil- 
liam he gave meadow and upland, which was John 
Joyce's drying ground, bought of Mr. Thomas Wally, 
and meadow bought of Mr. Thornton. He names the 
eldest son of Thomas Mulford of Truro, who married 
his daughter Mary ; the eldest son of his son Nathan- 


iel; the eldest sou of his son Joseph; to Nathaniel he 
gave property that was his Grandmother Joyce's, and 
his lands in Middleboro'. He names his daughter-iu-law 
Joannah, perhaps wife of Nathaniel, who removed to 
Windham, Conn., and his daughter Euth Basset. He 
gives certain property unto six of his children, Mary 
Mulford, Samuel Basset, Hannah Covell, Joseph Bas- 
set, Sarah Nickerson and Nathan Basset, Mr. Thomas 
Mulford of Truro, and his son Joseph of Yarmouth, 
Executors. Estate appraised at £228,11. One of the 
oldest monuments in the Yarmouth grave-yard is that 
of Dorcas Basset, who died June 9, 1707, aged 31. 
She was probably a daughter of Nathaniel. Though 
William is first named in the will, he was probably the 
youngest son. 
IV. Sarah, born about 1630, married in 1648, Peregrine 
\^'hite of Marshfield, the first born of the English at 
Cape Cod Harbor, Nov. 1620. Her third son Jona- 
than, born June 4, 1658, is the ancestor of the White 
families in Yarmouth. 

His other children named aie Euth, who married John 
Sprague, 1655; Jane; Joseph, who settled with his father 
in Bridgewater, married Martha Hobart, 1677, and died 
1712. He had Joseph, William, Elnathan, Jeremiah, Lydia, 
Euth and Elizabeth. The posterity of Joseph are numer- 

William, son of Nathaniel, married Feb. 23, 1710, 
Martha Godfrey, and had Isaac, July 17, 1711 ; Moses, 
Nov. 4, 1713 ; Fear, April 12, 1716, who married Joseph 
Eogers of Harwich, Oct. 19, 1737. His second wife was 
Sarah Jenkins of Barnstable, to whom he was married 
Jan'y 30, 1722-3. He and his wife Sarah were dismissed 
from the Yarmouth to the Barnstable Church, Aug. 1727. 
His children recorded as born in Barnstable are Samuel, 
Aug. 21, 1724; Experience, May 5, 1727; Mary, May 18, 
1729, and Nathaniel, Sept. 4, 1732. Only the two last 
were baptized in Barnstable. He had probably another son, 
William, born in Yarmouth, who married May 8, 1741, 
Margaret Merryfield. The Bassets of West Barnstable are 
descendants of William, son of Nathaniel, and of Samuel of 
Yarmouth, a great-grandson of Col. William of Sandwich. 
This Samuel married June 15, 1743, Susannah Lumbard of 


Truro, and had born in Barnstable, Xehemiah, Sept. 22, 
1743; Ebenezer, Dec. 27, 1744, and probably others. 
There was also a Nathan Basset, jr., called of Middleboro', 
who settled at West Barnstable and married Oct. 25, 1739, 
Thankful Fuller, and had born in Barnstable, Nathan, Dec. 
30, 1750, and Cornelius, Jan'y 20, 1753, and perhaps 

Joseph, son of Nathaniel, is the ancestor of the Yai"- 
mouth and Hyannis families. He married Feb. 27, 1706-7, 
Susannah Howes, she died Feb. 27, 1718-19, and he mar- 
ried for his second wife Thankful Hallet, Dec. 3, 1719. 
His childre>i were Sarah, born Dec. 10, 1707, died July 3, 
1736; Joseph, June 15, 1709; Daniel, Nov. 17, 1710; 
Joshua, Sept. 13, 1712; Susannah, Jan. 22, 1714-15, mar- 
ried JohnHawes, Jan'y 2, 1732; Samuel, Oct. 23, 1716, a 
whaleman died unmarried, 1740 ; John, Dec. 14, 1720 ; 
Ebenezer, July 9, 1722, died Aug. 16, 1723 ; Thankful, mai-- 
ried 1750, Joshua Brimhall of Hingham, and Nathan, Oct. 
17, 1725. 

Mrs. Thankful Basset died Aug. 12, 1736, and Mr. 
Joseph Basset, Jan'y 6, 1749-50. 

Joseph Basset, son of Joseph, married Feb. 25, 1737, 
Mary Whelden. He died Sept. 5, 1833, aged 94. He had 
1st, Joseph, Dec. 23, 1738, who inherited the paternal es- 
tate ; married three times. One of his wives was a daugh- 
ter of Capt. John Bearse, who came over as a revenue offi- 
cer before the lievolution. He bought the Kev. Mr. Smith's 
house, in Yarmouth, where Joseph Basset and Elisha Doane 
afterwards kept a public house. He had two children who 
lived to mature age, Susannah, who married the late Elisha 
Doane, Esq., and Joseph, now living, unmarried, on the 
Basset farm. 2d, Mary, Oct. 20, 1744, married Edward 
Sturgis, jr., Jan'y 28, 1767. 3d, Jonathan, Nov. 10, 1746, 
and Samuel, Dec. 4, 1748, both of whom removed to Hal- 
lowell, Maine. 

Daniel Basset, son of Joseph, married July 1, 1735, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Seth Crowell, and had one son, 
Daniel, born Aug^ 7, 1736. The father died soon after and 
his widow married in 1742, Hezekiah Marchant, and re- 
moved to Hyannis. Daniel, the grandfather of the present 
Hon. Zenas D. Basset, resided at Hyannis, and is the an- 
cestor of the Bassets in that vicinity. He married a daugh- 


ter of Jabez Bearae, and had sons Joseph, Daniel and Seth. 
He was a Lieutenant in the Continental Army. Joseph, his 
son who enlisted as a soldier, but served in the capacity of 
waiter to his father, was one of the last surviving revolu- 
tionary pensioners of the town of Barnstable. He died July 
7, 1855, aged 93. He married two wives and was the father 
of twenty-four children, of whom the Hon. Zenas D. is the 
oldest. One of his wives had four children by a former hus- 
band, so that in fact there were twenty-eight in his family 
who called him father. 

Joshua, son of Joseph, was an ensign in Col. Gorham's 
llegiment in the expedition to Louisburg, in 1745. He 
married in 1738, Hannah Brimhall of Hingham, and had 
Sarah, Oct. 28, 1739; Susannah, May 16, 1741; Anna, 
March 3, 1742-3, and Joshua, Nov. 18, 1744. The latter 
probably died young. 

Nathan Basset, son of Joseph, lived in the ancient 
Hallet house, situated nearly opposite the Barnstable Bank. 
He married first, Hannah Hallet, 1751, by whom he had 
seven children, and second, Desire, widow of Prince Crow- 
ell. He had 1st, John, Nov. 4, 1753, who has no descend- 
ants now living; 2d, Thankful, Nov. 3, 1756, who died 
young; 3d, Joseph, Feb. 13, 1759; 4th, Ebenezer, May 
24, 1761 ; 5th, Thankful, Sept. 19, 1763, married Ebenezer 
Taylor ; 6th, Francis, Jan'y 14, 1766 ; 7th, Joshua, Aug. 7, 
1768, father of the present Capt. Joshua Basset. 

Nathan Basset, son of Nathaniel, is the ancestor of the 
Chatham and Harwich families. He married March 7, 1709, 
Mary, daughter of Thomas Crowell of Yarmouth, He died 
in 1728, leaving seven children. She died in 1742, and 
names in her will sons Nathan, Thomas, Nathaniel, who 
married Sarah Chase of Yarmouth, Aug. 23, 1729, Samuel, 
and daughters Mary Basset, Dorcas Nickerson and Hannah 
Co veil. 

Capt. Elisha Basset of Sandwich, grandson of Col. 
William, married Ruhama, daughter of Samuel Jennings of 
Sandwich, and removed to Dennis, then Yarmouth. His 
children, born in Yarmouth, were, 1st, Lydia, Aug. 14, 
1740, married Abraham Howes, 1761 ; 2d, Abigail, Jan'y 
30, 1742 ; 3d, Elisha, March 14, 1744-5, who removed with 
his family to Ashfield in 1797, where he has descendants; 
4th, Samuel, April 17, 1747, who went to Barnstable; 5th, 
William, June 22, 1750, married Betty Howes, and had one 


son, the Hon. Francis Basset, whose parent died when he 
was a child ; 6th, Deborah, Oct. 30, 1752 ; 7tii, Lot, Jan'y 
22, 1755. 

Note. — I intended in this series of articles to write sketches of the 
families of the first comers, and of no other. I have been induced to 
depart from that rule in this instance. Nearly all of the materials 
used in preparing this article I collected fifteen years ago, and I am 
aware that it is not so full or so accurate as it might be made. Hon. 
Francis Basset has an extended memoir of his family, which he has 
spent much time in preparing, and I presume will publish it at some 
fuuire time. 



Austin or Augustine Bearae, the ancestor of this family, 
came over in the ship Confidence of London, from South- 
ampton, 24th April, lI'SS, and was then twenty years of 
age. He came to Barnstable with the first company in 1639. 
His house lot, containing twelve acres of very rocky land, 
was in the westerly part of the East Parish, and was bounded 
westerly by John Crocker's land, now owned by his heirs, 
northerly by the meadow, easterly by Goodman Isaac Eob- 
inson's land, and "southerly into ye woods." He owned 
six acres of meadow adjoining his upland on the north, and 
two thatch islands, still known as Bearse's islands. He had 
also six acres of land in the Calves Pasture, esteemed to be 
the best soil in the town, eight acres of planting land on the 
north side of Shoal pond, and bounded by Goodman Coop- 
er's, now called Huckins' Neck, and thirty acres at the 
Indian pond, bounded easterly by the Herring River. The 
Indian pond lot he sold to Thomas Allyn, who sold the 
same in 1665 to Roger Goadspeed. 

He was proposed to, be admitted a freeman June 3, 
1652, and admitted May 3, following. His name rarely oc- 
curs in the records. He was a grand juror in 1653 and 
1662, and a surveyor of highways in 1674. 

He became a member of Mr. Lothrop's church, April 
29, 1643. His name stands at the head of the list, he being 
the first named who joined after its removal to Barnstable.* 
He appears to have been very exact in the performance of 
his religious duties, causing his children to be baptized on 
the Sabbath next following the day of their birth. His son 

*Since writing tbis passage I have become satisfied that there is an 
omission in the Uape Church records preserved 1642, of members ad- 
mitted in 1640 and 1641. 


Joseph was hoi-n on Sunday, Jan'y 25, 1651, O. S., and 
was carried two miles to the church and baptized the same 
day. Many believed in those times that children dying un- 
baptized were lost, and it was consequently the duty of the 
parent to present his child early for baptism. Goodman 
Bearse was influenced by this feeling; he did not wish, -by 
a week's delay, to peril the eternal salvation ot his child. 
Now such an act would l)e pronounced unnecessary and 

The subject of baptism had disturbed Mr. Lothrop's 
church from its organization. In London the Baptists 
quietly separated themselves and formed the flrst Baptist 
Church in England. In iScituate the same question arose, 
di.sturl)ing the harmony of the church, and to avoid these 
troubles, Mr. Lothrop and a majority of his church came to 
Barnstable. His book on the subject of baptism, printed in 
London, was written and prepared for the press while he 
was in Barnstable. I have not met with a copy, but inci- 
dentally from his records, I infer that he considered baptism 
an ordinance of primary importance, and that the parent, 
being a church member, who unnecessarily delayed the 
performance, thereby periled the salvation of the child. 
Some of the old divines taught this doctrine, and at the 
present day it is not entirely obsolete. 

Goodman Bearse was brought up under such teachings, 
and however differently the present generation may view 
such questions, he did what he honestly believed to be his 
duty, and he that does that is to be justified. 

He was one of the very few against whom no complaint 
was ever made ; a fact which speaks well for his character as 
a man and a citizen. He was a farmer, lived on the produce 
of his land, and brought up his large family to be like him- 
self, useful members of society. His house stood on the 
north side of the road, and his cellar and some remains of 
his orchard, existed at the commencement of the present 
century. I find no record of his death, or settlement of his 
estate on the Probate records. He was living in 1686 ; but 
died before the year 1697. A road from his house to Hyan- 
nis is still known as Bearse's Way. His grandsons settled 
early at Hyannis. John Jenkins and John Dexter after- 
vt^ards owned the ancient homestead. The planting lands at 
Shoal Pond were occupied by his descendants till recently. 

The marriage of Goodman Austin Bearse is not on rec- 


ord. His children, born in Barnstable, were 

I. Mary, born 1640, bap'd May 6, 1643. 

II. Martha, born 1642, bap'd May 6, 1643. 

III. Priscilla, born March 10, 1643-4, bap'd March 11, 
1643-4, married Dea. John Hall, jr., of Yarmouth, 

IV. Sarah, born March 28, 1646, bap'd March 29, mar- 
ried John Hamblin of Bai-nstable, Aug. 1667, and 
had twelve children. 

V. Abigail, born Dec. 18, 1647, bap'd Dec. 19, married 
April 12, 1670, Allen Nichols of Barnstable, and had 
nine children. 

VI. Hannah, born Nov. 16, 1649, bap'd Nov. 18. 

VII. Joseph, born Jan'y 25, 1651-2, bap'd same day, mar- 
ried Dec. 3, 1676. Martha Taylor. 

VIII. Hester, born Oct. 2, 1653, bap'd same day. 

IX. Lydia, born end of Sept. 1655. 

X. Rebecca,, born Sept. 1657, married Feb. 1670-1, 
William Hunter. Additional investigation will prob- 
ably show the above to be an error of the record. 
William Hunter of Sandwich, married liebecca, 
daughter of Wid. Jane Besse, who married second, 
the notorious Marshall George Barlow. If the record 
is correct, she was only 13 years, 5 months old when 

XI. James, born end of July, 1660. He was admitted a 
townsman in 1683, being then only 23 years of age. 
In the division of the meadows in 1694, he had four 
acres, and in the final division in 1697, the same 
number was confirmed to him. In the division of the 
common lands in 1703, his name does not appear ac- 
cording to the rules adopted for the admission of 
townsmen, and the division of common land ; the 
above facts indicate that James Bearse was married in 
1683, as no unmarried men were admitted townsmen 
till 24 years of age ; that he was a man who had 
good property, (2 1-2 or 3 being the average), this 
proportion indicates, and his name not appearing on 
the list in 1703, shows that he was then dead or had 
removed from town. There was a Bearse family 
early in Halifax, Plymouth county. An Austin 
Bearse is named who removed to Cornwall, Nova 
Scotia. Andrew Bearse of Halifax, Plymouth county, 


raaiTied Margaret Dawes of East Bridewater, 1736. 

There were others of the name in Halifax. It is 

probable that James, son of Austin, removed to that 

Joseph Bearse, son of Austin, probably was a soldier in 
King Philip's war, his sons having rights in the town of 
Gorham, granted to the heirs of the soldiers who served 
with Capt. Gorhara. He married Dec. 3, 1676, Martha 
Taylor, daughter of Richard of Yarmouth, a "tailor" by 
trade, and so called to distinguish him from another of the 
same name called "Kock."' He died about the year 1695. 
She died January 27, 1727-8, aged 77 years. 

Children born in Barnstable: 

I. Mary, born Aug. 16, 1677. 8he did not marry — 
was admitted to the East Church, 1742, and died 
Jan'y 19, 1760, aged 84 years. 

n. Joseph, born Feb. 21, 1679. He was one of the 
Grantees of Gorham, and his name is on the list of 
the first settlers in that town, dated 1733. He re- 
sided at Hyannis before his removal to Maine. 

ni. Benjamin, born June 21, 1682, married, Feb. 4, 
1701-2, Sarah Cobb, second, Anna Nickerson of 

IV. Priscilla, born Dec. 31, 1683, died March 31, 1684. 

V. EI)enezer, born Jan'y 20, 1687, married Nov. 25, 
1708, Elizabeth Cobb, and second Joanna Lumbert, 
Sept. 4, 1712. 

VI. John, born May 8, 1687, married Nov. 15, 1711, 
Elinor Lewis. 

VII. Josiah, born March 10, 1690, married first, Nov. 2, 
1716, Zeurich Newcomb of Edgartown, and second 
Mary. Removed to Gi'eenwich, Conn., 1734. 

VIII. James, born Oct. 3, 1692, married Mary Fuller, 
March 17, 1719-20. 

Benjamin Bearse. son of Joseph, was one of the early 
settlers at Hyannis. His homestead was bounded east by 
David Hallet's land, the corner being two rods from Hallet's 
house, and is now owned by his descendants. In his will 
dated March 26, 1748, proved on the 7th of July following, 
he named his sons Augustine, Benjamin, Joseph, Samuel, 
Peter and Stephen; his daughters Martha Lewis, Priscilla 
Lewis, Sarah Nickerson and Thankful Nickerson, and his 


wife Anna, to whom he gave all the household goods she 
brought with her, and the imj)rovement of one-third of all 
his real and personal estate. To Augustine he ga\e land 
bounded S. E. and N. by the heirs of Jonathan Lewis, de- 
ceased ; to Joseph and Samuel his house and orchard ; to 
Peter a house and one acre of land on the north side of the 
road; to Stephen and Benjamin all his lands m Gorham 
town ; to Joseph, Peter and Samuel all the rest of his real 
and personal estate, they paying debts, legacies, and allow- 
ing Augustine a convenient way to the landing "where I 
make oysters," and a place to land and dry fish ; to Benja- 
min, Martha and Priscilla £12 old tenor each ($5.33), and 
to Sarah and Thankful £2 each, a bed and other articles to 
be divided equally. His personal estate was appraised at 
£431, 16,9., 6p., and his real estate at £910, and his mu- 
latto boy Tom at £()() — all I presume in old tenor currency, 
corn being appraised at £1 per bushel — that is 50 coppers 
equal to 44 cents. 

He was engaged in the fisheries, and the soccess ot* 
himself and sons was sung b}' some contemporar}' trouba- 
dour, whose verses are remembered though the name of the 
poet is forgotten. He married first, Sarah, daughter of 
Samuel Cobb, Feb, 4, 1701-2, she died Jmiuary 14, 1742, 
and he married in 1747 his second wife, Anna Nickerson of 
Chatham. He died May 15, 1748, aged 66, and is buried 
with his first wife in the old graVe-yard in Hyannis, where 
their son Samuel caused grave stones to be erected to their 

Children of benjamin Bearse born in Barnstable : 

1. Martha, born 9th Nov. , 1702, married Antipas Lewis, 

Oct. 15, 1730. 

H. Augustine, born 3d June, 1704, married June 3, 
■1728, Bethia, daughter of John Linnell, she died 7th 
Oct., 1743, aged 39, and he married Sept. 7, 1744, 
for his second wife. Thankful, widow of Nathaniel 
Bacon. He died June 2, 1751, aged 47, and his 
widow, Nov. 1774, aged 70. He resided at first at 
1 Hyannis, perhaps after his second marriage, with his 

wife at Barnstable. He was engaged in the whale 
, fishery and owned try-works which were sold after 
his death. He had seven children, all of whom are 
named in his will. 1. Prince, born 12th March 


1730-1, married Desire Downs, 1754; 2d, Temper- 
ance, 17th INIarch, 1732-3, married Lemuel Lewis, 
March 7, 1750; 3d, Mercv, 9th March, 1734-5, mar- 
ried Feb. 20, 1752, Thomas Buck; 4th, Lydia, 25th 
Dec, 1736; 5th, Simeon, 27th June, 1739; 6th, 
Sarah bap'd March 9th, 1745-6, married Samuel 
Bearse Nov. 15, 1764; Levi, bap'd Oct. 25, 1747. 

III. Elizabeth, 3d May, 1706, probably died young. 

IV. Joseph, 30th Oct". 1708, married Lydia Deane Oct. 
12, 1749, died in 1751, leavinsj a son Joseph, bau'd 
Apl. 14, 1754. She married Feb. 17, 1756, Thomas 

V. Benjamin, 26th March, 1710. He was a blacksmith, 
and married Jean or Jane, daughter of Moses God- 
frey of Chatham, to which town he removed, and is 
the ancestor of the Bearse families in that town. He 
died in 1753, letiving widow Jean, sons Jonathan, 
George, Benjamin, David and Moses, and daughters 
Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Eldridge, Hannah, Sarah 
and Martha. His real estate was appraised at £399, 
lis., and his personal estate at £204, 2s., Sd., prob- 
ably in lawful money. 

VI.; Jesse, 22d Oct., 1712, probably died young. 

VII, Priscilla, 5th June, 1713, married Oct. 16, 1735, 
Elnathan Lewis. 

Villi David, 27th March, 1716, probably died younsr. 

IX. \ Peter, 25:h Oct., 1718, mariied Xov 12,'l74l', Deb- 
orah, diughter of Capt. Samuel Bacon, and had 1st, 
Samuel, lOth Sept., 1742, who married Nov. 15, 
[1764, Sarah Bearse; 2d, Jesse, 2d Nov. 1743; 3d, 
)avid, 20th Nov., 1745; 4th, Edward, 12th June, 

Samuel, 9th Dec, 1720, died Oct. 30, 1751, aged 30 
wears. He resided in Yarmouth at the time of his 
death, and in his will dated 15th Oct., 1751, he or- 
ders tomb-stones to be placed at the graves of his 
fafther Benjamin and mother Sarah. He devises his 
estate to his brothers, sisters and cousins [nephews] . 
To\his cousin [nephew] Samuel, son of his brother 
Peter, his gold buttons. 

Xli Sarah, 5th July, 1722, married Ebenezer Nickerson 
of Tarmouth, Feb. 17, 1744. 


Xn. Thankful, Feb. 4, 1724, inarried Shobael Nickerson, 

i\larch (), 1746. 
XIII. Stephen, named in his father's will, but I lind noth- 
ing farther respecting him. 
Ebenezer Bearse, son of Joseph, married 25th Nov., 
1708, Elizabeth, daughter of Sairiuel Cobb. She died 15th 
July, 1711, and he married Joanna Lambert, Sept. 4, 1712. 
He died Feb. 1759, and his widow being "non compus,'" 
had a guardian appointed May 9, 1759. In his will he 
names his grandsons Daniel and Solomon, children of his 
son Stephen, deceased, his son Ebenezer, and daughters 
Bethiah Lovell, Abigail Lewis, Elizabeth Basset and Ruth 

Uhildren born in Barnistahle. 

I. Bethiah. born (jth Aug., 1709, married John Lovell 
Nov. 14, 1732. 

II. Samuel, 26th Feb., 1711. His grandfather Coi)b 
gave him a legacy in his will, and his father was ap- 
pointed his guardian March 27, 1728. He probably 
died unmarried. 

III. Elizabeth, 22d March, 1714, died young. 

IV. Abigail, 22d Nov., 1715, married Melatiah Lewis, 
Oct. I, 1742. 

V. Ebenezer, 1st March, 1717, married Mary Berry of 
Yarmouth, 1754. 

VI. Daniel, 17th July, 1720. Probably died young. 

VII. Stephen, born 1st Oct., 1721, married Hannah Cole- 
man, June 9, 1748, and had sons Daniel and Solo- 
mon, named in their grandfather's will. 

VIII. Rebecca, born 3d June, 1725. Probably died young. 

IX. Patience, bap'd 6th April, 1729. Probably died 

X. Elizabeth, bap'd 19th Oct., 1729, married Nathaniel 
Basset of Rochester, 1752. 

XI. Ruth, bap'd 2d June, 1734, married Jonathan Pitcher, 
Feb. 9, 1758. 

John Bearse, son of Joseph, married Eleanor Lew- 
is 15th Nov., 1711. He died May 3, 1760, aged 72. His 
children were Lydia, born 28th July, 1712, who married 
Capt. John Cullio, a Scotchman, Jan'y 1, 1735 ; John, who 
married Lydia Lumbert, Feb. 12, 1746 ; Hannah, who 
married Jabez Bearse, March 26, 1761, second wife; Elea- 


nor, who married John Loggee, Jan'y 13, 1753; Martha, 
who married Isaac Lewis, F'eb. 10, 1748 ; Mary and Dinah. 

Josiiah Boart<e, son of Jo8e])h, married Zerviah New- 
corab, hy whom he had no children, and second Mary. He 
was dismis-:ed from the East Barnstable Church to the 
Church in Greenwich, Conn., Dec. 29, 1734, and afterwards 
to New Fairlield, in the same 8tate. His children born in 
Barnstable were Anna, 11th Jul}', 1719; Josiah, 3d Feb., 
17-20-1; Eunice, 2d Jan'ry, 1722-3, died April (5, 1727; 
Jonathan, born 22d Nov. ,1724, died Dec. 2, 1731; Lois, 
born 17th July, 172« ; Thomas, 10th March, 1728-9, and 
Eunice, 13th Feb., 1731-2; Martha, June 26, 1738; Mary, 
May 8, 1741. 

James Bearse, son of Joseph, married March 19, 1719- 
20, Mary Fuller, and second. Thankful Linnell in 1726. 
He died Oct. 11, 1758, aged G6. In his will dated 13th 
Sept., 1758, he gives to his v/ife Thankful, his Indian maid 
servant Thankful Pees, and other pi-operty in lieu of dower. 
To his son Jabez, the estate that was Augustine Bearse's,and 
one-half of the cedar swamp near his house ; to his daughter 
Thankful Lumbert, £20 lawful money, and one-fourth of 
his in-door moveables ; and to Lemuel all the rest of his es- 
tate. His children born in Barnstable were 

I. Jabez, 20th Feb., 1720-1. married Nov. 26, 1747, 
Elizabeth Hallet, and second, March 26, 1761, Hannah 

II. James, 3d Feb., 1728-9, died Sept. 29, 1729. 

III. Lemuel, 3d May, 1731, married Patience Phinney, 
April 30, 1761. 

IV. Thankful, 1st Aug., 1736, married Lemuel Lumbert, 
Sept. 20, 1753. 


The Baker families in Barnstable and West Barnstable, 
are descendants of Rev. Nicholas Baker of Scituate ; the 
Hyannis families from Francis, who settled in Yarmouth. 

Rev. Nicholas Baker was a graduate of St. John's Col- 
lege, Cambridge, England, had his Batchelor's degree in 
1(331-2, and Master of Arts, 1635. His brother Nathan- 
iel came over with him and both settled at Hingham in 1635. 
He received a share in the first division of house lots in that 
town. He afterwards became a large landholder in Hull. 
He was ordained in Scituate in 1660, where he was instru- 
mental in effecting a reconciliation of the two churches 
which had held no conmiunication with each other for twen- 
ty-five years. Cotton Mather says : "Honest Nicholas Ba- 
ker of Scituate, was so good a logician that he could oifer 
up to God a reasonable service, so good an arithmetician 
that he could wisely number his days, and so good an ora- 
tor that he persuaded himself to be a Christian." He died 
Aug. 22, 1678, aged 67, of "that horror of mankind, and 
rein'oach of medicine, the stone," a memorable example of 
patience under suffering. 

He was twice married. His first wife died at Scituate 
in 1661, and he married the following year his second wife 
Grace, who died in Barnstable, January 22, 1696-7. In his 
will dated 1678, he names his wife Grace, whom he appoint- 
ed executrix, his brother Nathaniel Baker, his sons Samuel 
and Nicholas, and four daughters, namely, Mary, who mar- 
ried Stephen Vinal, 26th Feb., 1662; Elizabeth, married 
1664, John Vinal ; Sarah, married Josiah Litchfield, and 
Deborah married 1678, Israel Chittenden. 

Samuel, to whom his father gave an estate in Hull, Mas 
a freeman of that town in 1677. He married Fear, daugh- 
ter of Isaac Robinson, and had a family. May 12, 1687, he 
was admitted an inhabitant of Barnstable, and the same year 
he and his wife were admitted to the Barnstable Church by 
dismission from the Church at Hull. The veneral)le Isaac 
Robinson resided a year or two at the close of his life with 


his daughter Fear, and the fact that the widow Grace Baker 
had also resided in this family, probably gave rise to the 
tradition that Isaac Robinson's mother came over with him, 
and died in Barnstable. 

I find no record of the children of Samuel and Fear 
Baker. Deacon John and Nathaniel were their sons, and 
Mary, who married Oct. 26, 1699, Adam Jones, and Grace, 
who married Dec. 16, 1701, Israel Luce, were probably 
their daughters. 

Deacon John Baker married 14th Oct. 1696, Anna, 
daughter of Samuel Annable. She died March 21, 1732-3, 
"aged near 57 ^'ears," and was buried in the ancient grave- 
yard at West Barnstable. After the death of his wife he 
removed to Windham, Conn. 

Children born in Barnstable. 

I. Annah, 8th Sept., 1697, married Oct. 17, 1717, Capt. 
Samuel Lombard. She died May 19, 1747. 

II. Mary, 18th Aug., 1699, married April 20, 1720, Ben- 
jamin Lothrop, and afterwards removed to Connec- 

III. John, 14th June, 1701, Died young. 

IV. Eebecca, 8th Sept . 1704. 

V. Samuel, 7th Sept., 1706, married May St), 1732, 
Prudence Jenkins ; had 1st, Martha, 24th Jan'y, 
1732-3; 2d, Anna, 12th May, 1735; 3d,,Bethia, 
12th June, 1737; 4th, Samuel, 30th Sept., 1740; 
5th, Mercy, 30th May, 1743. This family removed 
to Windham, Conn. 

VI. Mary, 25th March, 1710, married Lemuel Hedge of 
Yarmouth, 1733. 

VII. Mehitabel, 7lh May 1712, married Eben'r Crosby of 
Yarmouth, Jan'y 10, 1734. 

VIII. Abigail, 1st Feb., 1713-4, married Ichabod Lathrop 
of Tolland, Conn., Nov. 9, 1732. 

IX. John, 1st Dec, 1716, married Mercy Gary of Wind- 
ham, Conn., Dec. 7, 1744. 

X. Hannah, 24th March, 1718. 

Nathaniel Baker resided in the East Parish, his house, 
yet remaining, is on Baker's Lane. His first wife, the 
mother of all his children, is not named on the record, tie 
married 5th Jan'y, 1718-19, AVid. Mercy Lewis. He died 
in 1750, and his widow, Dec. 7, 1768, aged 80, according to 


the Church records ; but according to the town records, she 
was older. 

Children born in Barnstable. 

I. Benney, born 15th Aug., 1705, died June, 1706. 

II. Mercy, born 4th Feb." 1706, married Nov. 7, 1728, 
Sylvanus Cobb, and had eight children. 

III. Sarah, born 4th Oct., 1708, died Nov. 19, 1708. 

IV. Nathaniel, born 15th Dec, 1709, married 1732, Ann 
Lumbard of Newtown, and had 1st, Isaac, born 2d 
April, 1734; 2d, Mercy, Gth May, 1738; 3d, Benne, 
2d Oct., 1751 ; 4th, Anna, 18th Jan'y, 1754. Isaac 
of this family married Rebecca Lewis, Oct. 6, 1754, 
and had Rebecca, James, Lewis, Ezekiel, Nathaniel, 
John, who removed to Brewster, and Isaac who died 
in Barnstable, unmarried, about 20 years ago. 

V. Nicholas, born Gth Nov., 1711, 'married Dorcas Back- 
us of Sandwich, was of Dighton, removed to Barn- 
stable in 1635. He was a mariner, and died Jan'y 
31, 1739-40. He had 1st, Nath'l who died young ; 
2d, Ebenezer, and 3d, David. 

VI. Sarah, 2d Nov., 1713, married Oct. 26, 1732, Jona. 

VII. Thankful, 28th March, 1715, married Jan'y 1, 1734, 
Jesse Cobb. 

VIII. Benne, 28th Sept., 1716, married Patience Lumbard, 
Nov. 19, 1741. He died 29th Dec, 1747, and she 
died 28th Dec, 1748, leaving two orphan children, 
John, born 3d Jan'y, 1743, and Thankful, born 29th 
June, 1745 — both of whom married and had families. 

IX. Elizabeth, born 9th March, 1718, married Benjamin 
Nye, Jr., of Falmouth, Sept. 28, 1738. 

There are very few descendants of Honest Nicholas 
Baker, now remaining in Barnstable. Dea. John, who re- 
moved to Windham, Conn., was a prominent man; but the 
other members of the family have not been distinguished. 

The Baker families at Hyannis are descendants of Fran- 
cis, who settled in Yarmouth.. Their pedigree is as follows : 
Francis Baker, from Great St. Albans, Hertfordshire, Eno-- 
land, came over in the Planter, 1635, aged 24, married in 
1641, Isabel Twining, and had six sons and two dauo-hters. 
Nathaniel, his eldest son, born March 27, 1642, had three 
sons; Samuel, the eldest, born Oct. 29, 1670, married July 


30, 1702, Elizabeth Berry, and had three sons and five 
daughters ; the eldest son, Judah, born Aug. 19, 1705, 
married Feb. 15, 1728-9, Mercy Burgess, and had three 
sons and five daughters ; the oldest son, Timothy, born Ap. 

21, 1732, married , 1753, Kezia, and had six sons 

(one of whom v/as the father of the present Capt. Timothy 
Baker), and three daughters. 

The descendants of Francis Baker of Yarmouth, may 
be numbered by tens of thousands. Xone have l)een very 
much distinguished ; but among them will be found very 
many able seamen, and good business men. 


John Barker, Sen., of Duxhni-y, married in 1632, Ann, 
daughter of John William.s, Sen., of Scitiiate. He removed 
to Marshfield, then called Kexamc, in 1(338, and was drowned 
in 1652. He had children Deborah, John, Williams, and 
perhaps others. His widow Ann married Abraham Blush 
of Barnstable, and died Feb. 16, 1657-.S. Deborah came to 
Barnstable with her mother and probably her son .John. At 
fourteen John chose his n.ncle, Capt. John Williams of Scit- 
nate, his guardian, with the understanding that he should be 
brought up to some trade or profitable employment. After 
he l)ecame of age, John sued his uncle, who was a man of 
great wealth, for wages during his minority, averring that 
his uncle had violated his contract ; that he had not brought 
him up to a trade that would be of use to him, and that his 
uncle had kept hmi employed in menial duties, and there- 
fore he was entitled towages. He also brought an action 
for rents collected from his estate in Marshfield, during his 
minority, and his uncle brought an action against him for 
slander. The details of these actions occupy much space on 
the records. They were finally settled by the good offices 
of mutual friends. Afterwards he had another lawsuit with 
his uncle, making it evident that they did not live together 
on terms of amity or friendship. 

He was a sergeant in Philip's war, probably in the 
company of which his uncle was captain, and was severelj' 
wounded in an engagement with the Indians, from the effects 
of which it seems he never entirely recovered, for in 1680 
he was freed from serving in the ti-ain bands on account of 
the injury received. He removed from Scituate in 1676 or 
7, and resided in Barnstable till 1683, and perhaps later, 
when he removed to Marshfield, of which town he was the 
deputy in 1689, and soon after returned to Scituate, where 
he died Dec. 1729, aged nearly 30 years. 


John Barker, Esq., was a prominent man in the Colony. 
He was often engaged as an attorney for parties in the tran- 
saction of legal and other business ; was a referee in many 
important cases. Though a resident of Barnstable, only 
when young, and for about ten years after the time of his 
marriage, he was not entirely disconnected with the business 
of the town and county, after his removal. He was one of 
the referees in the important case between the Winslows and 
Clarks, which alienated those families and made their de- 
scendants bitter enemies for more than a century. 

The account which Mr. Deane gives of this family will 
not bear the test of criticism. He says that Williams Bar- 
ker was a son of John Barker, Esq., second of the name, 
and that Capt. John Williams gave his farm in Scituate to 
Williams Barker. The latter was a brother, not a son of 
John Barker, 2d. Capt. Williams in his will, gives to 
"Nephew Williams Barker, son of John Barker of Marsh- 
field, the 200 acre farm formerly purchased of Mr. Hath- 
erly." He also gives legacies to nephews John Barker of 
Marshfield and Abraham Blush of Boston. 

It can be shown by the Barnstable town records that if 
John Barker, 2d., had a son Williams, he could not have 
been over six years of age at the date of Capt. John Wil- 
liams' will in 1691 ; yet Mr; Deane assures us that Samuel 
Barker, Esq., only son of Williams Barker, was born in the 
year 1684; that is, that Samuel was only one year younger 
than his father Williams. If this is true, the Barkers of 
early times were a more prolific race than the present John 
Barker of Bwnstable. 

The following account of his family is principally ob- 
tained from the Barnstable town records. He married Jan. 
18, 1676-7, Desire, youngest daughter of Anthony Annable 
of Barnstable. She died, according to the inscription on her 
grave-stones, at Scituate, July 24, 1706, in the 53d year of 
her age. He married the same year for his second wife 
Hannah, daughter of Thomas Loring of Hingham, and widow 
of Eev. Jeremiah Gushing of Scituate. She died May 30, 

1710, aged 46, and he took for his third wife Sarah , 

who died Sept. 7, 1730. 

Children born in Barnstable. 

I. John, born 4th May, 1678. He married in 1706, Han- 
nah, daughter of Eev. Jeremiah Gushing, whose widow 


had married, as above stated, his father. This is the 
statement of iMr. Savage, and I think reliable, though 
in direct conflict with the account given by Mr. Deane. 

II. Desire, born 22d Sept., 1680. 

III. Anne, 26th Aug., 1682, died 22d Nov., 1682. 

IV. Anne, born 1st Nov., 1683. 

He probably had other children after his removal from 
Barnstable. His sister Deborah married William Barden, 
Burden or Borden. He was, perhaps, one of the youths of 
fourteen years of age, of good habits, sent over to be bound 
out as apprentices. He came over probably in 1638, and 
was bound to Thomas Boardman of Plymouth, to learn the 
trade of a carpenter, Jan'y 10, 1638-9 ; six and one-half 
years of the term of his apprenticeship being unexpired, 
Boardman released him, and he was bound to John Barker 
of Marshfield, to learn the trade of a bricklayer. After the 
expiration of his apprenticeship, he went to Concord, then 
a mere settlement, and after his marriage he resided a short 
time in Duxbury. From Barnstable he removed to Middle- 
borough, his wife being dismissed from the Barnstable 
Church to Middleborough in 1683. 31st Oct., 1666, John 
Bates and William Barden were fined 3 shillings, 4 pence 
each for "breaking the King's peace by striking each other. 
Burden was drunk at the time, and was fined 5 shillings be- 
side, and Bates was ordered by the Court to pay Burden 20 
shillings for abusing him." 

He married Feb., 1660, Deborah Barker, and had 
children born in Barnstable, namely : 

I. Mercy, born 1st Nov., 1662. 

II. Deborah, 28th June, 1665. 

III. John, 17th March, 1667-8. 

IV. Stephen, 15th April, 1669. 

V. Abraham, 14th May, 1674. 

VI. Joseph, Sept., 1675. 

VII. Anna, 26th Aug., 1677. 

John "Bardon," son of William, had John, born May 
1, 1704, in Middleborough, Ichabod, Dec. 18, 1705. 

Stephen "Borden," son of William of Middleborouo-h, 
had Sarah, Apl. 30, 1695 ; William, Mar. 2, 1697 ; Abigail, 
Mar. 3, 1698-9; Stephen, May, 1701; Timothy, Jan'y 3,' 
1703-4; Mary, Oct. 27, 1705, and Hannah, March 13 

Abraham, son of William, married Mary Booth, 1697. 


Perhaps the reader may think I am severe in my criti- 
cisms on the Rev. Mr. Deane. Ail I do is to take his own 
statements and place them in a position where their absurd- 
ity will be seen. No one has a higher respect for Mr. Deane 
than the writer. He was a pioneer in the work, and the 
wonder is that he has made so few, rather than so many 

In his article on the Gushing family, he says that Sam- 
uel Barker, Esq., was a son of John Barker, Esq., and that 
he married in 1706, Hannah Cushing. This is much more 
probable than his other statement that Samuel was the son 
of Williams. 

The children of this Samuel were, Samuel, Ignatius, 
Ezekiel, Hannah and Deborah. Samuel manned Deborah 
Gorham of Barnstable. The Crocker's at West Barnstable 
are also connected by marriage with the Barkers. 

The Bordens of Fall River probably descend from Ste- 
phen, son of William of Barnstable, and not from the Rhode 
Island families of the name. 


The ancestor of this family wrote his name "Rob- 
ert Botfish," yet on the records it is written Botfish, Bot- 
ffish, Bodfish, Badfish, Bootfish and Boatfish. He was early 
at Lynn, a freeman May 5th, 1635, and of Sandwich in 1637, 
of which town he was one of the original proprietors. The 
Indian title to the lands in Sandwich was purchased by 
William Bradford and his partners of the old Plymouth 
Company in 1637, for £16, 19 shillings, payable "in com- 
odities," and Jan'y 24, 1647-8, they assigned their rights to 
Edmund Freeman, and on the 26th of February following, 
he assigned the same to George Allen, John Vincent, Wil- 
liam Newland, Robert Botfish. Anthony Wright and Rich- 
ard Bourne, a committee of the proprietors of the town of 
Sandwich. In 1640, the meadow lands were divided, giv- 
ing to each in proportion to his "quality and condition." 
Robert Bodfish had five acres assigned to him, a little less 
than an average amount. 

Jan'y 1, 1638-9, Robert Bodfish "desired to become a 
freeman of the Plymouth Colony ; in 1641 he tvas a sur- 
veyor of highways; in 1644 on the grand jury, and the 
same year licensed "to draw wine in Sandwich." He died 
in 1651, leaving a wife Bridget, who became Dec 15, 1657, 
the second wife of Samuel Hinckley (the father of Governor 
Thomas.) He had a son Joseph, born in Sandwich April 3, 
1651, a daughter Mary, who married Nov., 1659, John 
Crocker, and Sarah, who married June 21, 1663, Peter 
Blossom, and a son Robert, who did not become an in- 
habitant of Barnstable. The family removed to Barnstable 
in 1657. 

Joseph, the ancestor of all ot the name in Barnstable, 


married Elizabeth Besse, daughter of Anthony Besse,* of 
Sandwich. He resided at West Barnstable ; his house was 
on r)ursley's Lane, (Proprietor's Records), on the farm 
owned bj the late Lemuel Bursley, and died Dec. 2, 1744, 
in the 94th year of his age. 

When he was eighteen, Plymouth had been settled fifty 
years, and though liberal bounties had been paid to English 
and Indians for wolves' heads, yet these ravenous animals 
abounded in the Colony. In 1654, the whole number killed 
was nineteen — of which three were killed in Barnstable, and 
in 1655, thirty-one — nine in Barnstable. In 1690, the 
number killed was thirteen, and in 1691, nineteen. Jona- 
than Bodfish said his grandfather could set a trap, as cun- 
ningly as the oldest Indians, and that the duck or the goose 
that ventured to come within gunshot of him, rarely escaped 
being shot. Wolf Neck, so named because it was the resort 
of these animals, was about half a mile from Joseph Bod- 
fish's house, and there he set his traps. Once he narrowly 
escaped losing his own life. Seeing a large wolf in his trap, 
he incautiously approached with a rotten pine pole in his 
hand. He struck — the pole broke in his hand, and the en- 
raged beast sprang at him with the trap and broken chain 
attached to his leg. Mr. Bodfish stepped suddenly one side, 
and the wolf passed by him. Before the wolf could recover, 
Mr. Bodfish was beyond his reach. This trap is preserved 
in his family as an heir-loom. 

♦Anthony Besse, born in 1609. Came over in the James, 1636, from 
London, settled in Lynn and removed to Sandwicli in 1637, and was 
many years a preacher to the Indians. He died in 1657, leaving wife 
Jane, and children Nehemiah : David, born May 23, 1649, killed in the 
Rehobeth battle March 26, 1676 ; Ann, who was the wife of Andrew 
Hallet, Jr., of Yarmouth ; Mary ; and Elizabeth who married Joseph 

His widow married, second, George Barlow, and had by him John, 
who has descendants, and Rebecca who married William Hunter. The 
widow Barlow died in 1693. Her last marriage was an unhappy con- 
nection. Barlow was appointed June 1, 1658, Marshal of Sandwich, 
Barnstable and Yarmouth. His name adds no honor to the annals of 
the Old Colony — a hard-hearted, intolerant, tyrannical man, abusing the 
power entrusted to him, and seemingly taking delight in confiscating the 
property of innocent men and women, or in dragging them to prison, to 
the stocks, or the whipping post. 

In his family he exercised the same tyrannical spirit, and it is not sur- 
prising that the aid of the magistrate was frequently called into requi- 
sition to settle the difficulties that arose. The reader of the Colony rec- 
ords may think the Besses were not the most amiable of women — per- 
haps they were not; but in these family quarrels Barlow was in fault, 
and deserving of the infamy yhich will forever attach to his name. 


Some years after a wolf was followed by hunters from 
Wareham to Barnstable, and they wished Mr. Bodfish to 
join them, but he declined. Having studied the habits of 
the animal, he felt certain it would return on the same track. 
Taking his gun he went into the woods, concealed himself 
within gunshot on the leeward side of the track, and waited 
for the return of the wolf. He' was not disappointed, the 
wolf at last appeared and was shot. He returned to his 
house, and soon after the ^^'areham hunters came in and re- 
ported that they had followed the wolf to the lower part of 
Yarmouth, and the dogs had there lost, the track, and they 
gave up the pursuit. They felt a little chagrined when the 
dead body of the wolf was shown to them. 

All his sons, excepting Benjamin, were good gunners. 
Wolf hunting, however, was not a sport in which they en- 
gaged. It is said that the last woH" killed in Barnstable was 
shot by' Joseph Bodfish ; but this story requires confirma- 

Joseph Bodfish* joined the Church in Barnstable, Feb. 
12, 1689, N. S., and "his wife Elizabeth on the Itith July 
following. His seven children, Benjamin, Ebenezer, Nathan, 
Robert, Elizabeth and Melatiah, were baptized March 26, 
1699, and his daughter Sarah, April 6, 1700. 

Children born in Barnstable. 

\ <■ 

I. John, born Dec. 2, 1675. Removed to Sandwiah,r 

where he. has descendants. He married Sarah 'N-j^r' 
May 24',' 17Q.4, and had Mary,March_9, 1705-6 ;'John, 
Feb. 5 • 1708,'9 ; Hannahv Sept. 23, 1711 ; Joantia, 
.. 0*1 22; 1714; Sarah, March 21,1717; Elizabeth', 
. ;/, March:.30, 1720.; Joseph, Sept. 20,-1725. 
n.' Joseph, born Oct. 1677, married Oct. 11, 1712, 
. „,■ Thankful.-Blnsh^ daughter of Joseph. He was not 
-': liykg in I'735. .; ■ • 

HI;- MarY, born March 1, 1679-80, married Josiah Swift, 

.!;-::^ of.S.;. Apiifis, 1706.. .: 

IV; "\ Hannah, born May, 1681, married Richard Thomas. 
He had baptized Dec. 4, 1715, Peleg, Ebenezer and 
Ann. The children of Richard and Hannah recorded, 

♦Erroneously printed "Bradford'' in the Genealogical Register for 
1856, page 350. Elizabeth, his wife, was baptized on the day she was ad- 
mitted to the Church— a fact perhaps not without significance in the 
history of the Besses. 


are Annt;, born June 15, 1715, aud Joseph, born 
Aug. 24, 1721. His son Ebenezer and grandson 
Nathan, had families resident iu Barnstable. Joseph 
Boddsh, Sen., calls Ebenezer Thomas his grandson. 

V. Benjamin, born July 20, l(iS3, married Nov. lU, 1709, 
Lydia Crocker, daughter of Jonathan, He died in 
1760, i^ged 77. He was an active man, and may be 
called the founder of the Bodtish family of recent 
times. He bought for £100, by a deed from bis 
father-in-law, Jonathan Crocker, dated Oct. 2(1, 171o, 
one-half of the twenty-acre lot and meadow which 
the latter bought of his father, John Crocker, includ- 
ing the dwelling-house then standing thereon. This 
tract of land is situated on the east of Scorton Hill, 
and is bounded southerly by the County road. Jt 
was a part of the great lot of Abraham Blush, con- 
taining fifty acres, and sold by him Feb. 10, 1()()8, 
to John Crocker, Sen., and by him given in his will 
to children of his brother, Dea. \V''illiam Crocker, of 
whom the John Crocker, first named, was one. The 
house above mentioned, a high, single house, with a 
leantoo, \Yas occupied by Benjamin Bod fish and his 
son Jonathan till 1809, when it was taken down, and 
the present Bodfish house built on the same spot. 

VI. Nathan, born Dec. 27, 1685. He married Abigail 
Bursley, daughter of John. She died March '61, 
1739, in the 49th year of her age, and is called on 
her grave-stones at West Barnstable, the wife of 
Nathaniel. I find no record of his family, and tradi- 
tion says he had no children. A Nathan Bodfish 
married Patience Hathaway, and had Abigail, July 
10, 1756, and Patience, Dec. 10, 1761. But this 
man was perhaps a son of Robert, by his first wife. 

Vn. Ebenezer, born March 10, 1687-8, removed to \A'ood- 
bridge, N. J., where he died unmarried in 1739, and 
bequeathed his estate by will to his brother Benjamin, 
who was executor, and to his sisters Hannah Thomas 
and Mary Swift. 

\^in. Elizabeth, born Aug. 27, 1690, married and had a 
family — not living in 1735. 

IX. Rebecca, born Feb. 22, 1692-3, married Benjamin 
Fuller, March 25, 1714. She died March 10, 1727-8, 
leaving a family. 


X. Melatiah, bora April 17, 1669, married Samuel Ffil- 
ler, June 20, 1725-6. ""^ 

XI. Robert, born Oct. 10, 1698. He was published in 
1729, to Jemima Nye of Sandwich. He afterwards 
married Dec. 10, 1739, Elizabeth Hadaway, and had 
Elizabeth, Sept. 11, 1741, and Ebenezer, Feb. 15, 

XH. Sarah, born Feb. 20, 1700, married March 8, 1726-7, 
Joseph Smith, Jr., his second wife, by whom she had 
Sarah, born Jan'y 22, 1727-8. 
Joseph Bodtish, son of Joseph, born Oct. 1677, mar- 
ried 11th Oct. 1712,. Thankful, daughter of Joseph Blush of 
West Barnstable. 

Children born in Barnstable. 

I. Elizabeth, 6th Sept., 1713, married Eben Goodsp^ed, 
3d, Sept. 29, 1736. 

II. Hannah, 18th July, 1716, married Samuel Blossom, 
Oct. 28, 1744. 

III. Mary, 17th June, 1719, married Joseph Nye of Sand- 
wich, Dec. 10, 1741. 

IV. Joseph, 8th March, 1722, married Mehetabel Good- 
speed, 1749. He resided at West Barnstable, and 
had Mary, Hannah, Thankful, Lydia and Euth, twins, 
Thankful again, Elizabeth and Joseph. 

V. Thankful, 6th June, 1724, married Peter Conant, 
May 4, 1741. 

Benjamin Bodfish, son of Joseph, born 20th July, 1683, 
married Lydia Crocker, 10th Nov. 1709. 

Children born in Barnstable. 

I. Sylvanus, 2d Sept., 1710, married Mary Smith, Dec. 
20, 1738. 

II. Hannah, 12th Feb., 1712, married Caleb Nye of 

III. Thankful, 19th Feb., 1714, married Joseph Shelly of 
Ray n ham. 

IV. Solomon, 20th March, 1716, married Hannah Burs- 
ley, Jr. 

V. Joseph, 16th April, 1718, married and had a family. 

VI. Benjamin, 18th March, 1720. 

VII. Lydia, baptized 9th Juno, 1723. 

VIII. Rachel, baptized Jan'ry, 1725-6. 


IX. Jonathan, born 10th Aug., 1727, married Desire 
Howland, May 3, 1753. He died Jan'y 1818, aged 
91, and his wife April 1813, aged 81. The farm ot 
Mr. Jonathan Bodfish and his sons, at the time of his 
death, consisted of six hundred acres of tillage, mead- 
ow and woodland. They had all their property in 
common, and at the end of each year invested their 
surplus earnings in real estate. They were farmers, 
raising large crops — often 400 bushels of Indian corn 
in a season — and of other agricultural products, a 
proportional amount. They usually kept 50 head of 
cattle and 120 sheep. Benjamin was a ca,rpenter and 
mason, and a very skillful workman. Isaac lived 
thirteen years with Edward Wing, receiving from 
$10 to $13 per month as wages. It is said of him, 
that during all this time, his idle expenses amounted 
to only 20 cents. The earnings of both were put 
into the common stock. For more than seventy 
years the property of Jonathan Bodfish was owned in 
common, and during the whole time nothing occurred 
to disturb the harmony and good feeling which sub- 
sisted between the different members of the family. 
They were hai'd- working, prudent and industrious ; 
and in all their dealings were honest and honorable. 
Jonathan, the father, was treasurer, and all deeds, 
excepting enough to make his sons voters and qualify 
them for holding civil offices, were taken in his name. 
Jonathan Bodfish, the father of this remarkable fam- 
ily, was a venerable old man — the patriarch of his 
family. In person he was nearly six feet tall, large 
and well proportioned, weighing ordinarily 230 
pounds. His sons, excepting Josiah, were over six 
feet, large boned, spare men, and in personal appear- 
ance, would hardly be recognized as belonging to the 
same family with Jonathan. 
The children of Jonathan Bodfish born in Barnstable 


I. Sylvanus, born Nov. 15, 1754; died in 1801, aged 
47. He did not marry, and his estate was a part of 
the common stock. 

II. Benjamin, born April 14, 1756, died Jan'y 14, 1827, 
aged 70. He was a carpenter, mason and farmer ; 
did not marry, and his estate was also a part of the 


common stock. 

III. John, born March 16, 1761, married Mary, daughter 
of Joseph Smith, and had a family . He was for 
many years one of the selectmen of Barnstable. He 
died Aug. 1847, aged 86, and his wife in 1849. 

IV. Isaac, born July 22, 1763, married Elizabeth Bod- 
fish, and had a family. He died Aug. 30, 1837, 
aged 74. 

V. Josiah, born Nov. 8, 1765; died Oct. 8, 1845, aged 
80. He did not marry. 

VI. Deborah, born June 11, 1768, married Benjamin 

VII. Simeon, born Feb. 10, 1771 ; died young. 

VIII. Alice, born about 1773 ; did not marry, and died 
April 21, 1854, aged 81. 

Some members of the Bodfish family removed to New 
York, New Jersey and other places, and their connection 
with the Barnstable stock can be easily traced. 


Deacon Thomas Blossom, one of the Pilgrims, and the 
ancestor of the Blossom family of Barnstal)le, came from 
Leyden to Plymouth, England ; hut being on board the 
Speedwell, did not obtain a [)assage in the Mayflower from 
England in 1620. He returned to Leyden to encourage the 
emigration of the residue of Mr. liobinson's Church. He 
came over in 1629, with Mr. Higginson and others, who 
were bound to Salem. Judge Mitchell says he was first 
deacon of the Church in Plymouth, and his letter to Gov. 
Bradford gives evidence that he was a well educated and a 
pious man. He died in Plymouth in the year 1632.* Of 
bis family no record has been preserved. He had a son in 
1620, who went to England with him and returned to Ley- 
den ; but was not living Dec. 1625. At the latter date he 
had two other children, but their names are not recorded. 
Circumstantial evidence proves, beyond a reasonable doubt, 
that he had two sons who survived him ; Thomas, who was 
sixteen or over in 1643, and Peter who was younger. 

Anna, the widow of Dea. Thomas Blossom, married 
Henry Rowley, Oct. 17, 1633. They were members of 
Mr. Lothrop's Church at its organization, Jan'ry 8, 1634-5, 
and removed with him to Barnstable in 1639. Thomas and 
Peter came to Barnstable with their mother, and were prob- 
ably members of the family of their father-in-law. Thomas 

*The date of the death of Deacon Blossom is uncertain. Gov. Brad- 
ford, who was his contemporary, says he died of tiie malignant fever 
which pervaded in the summer of 1633. The accurate Prince copies 
Gov. Bradford's statementj and the caro-tul Mr. Savage refers to Prince 
as his authority. Judge Mitchel says "about 1633." Notwitlistanding 
this array of authorities it can perhaps be demonstrated that Dea. Blos- 
som died in 1632. In the tax lists for the town of Plymouth, dated Jan'y 
12, 1633, N. S., (1632 O. S.), Dea. Thomas Blossom is not taxed ; but the 
Wid. Blossom is. The record now existing was made in March 1632-3, 
and proves conclusively that Dea. Blossom was dead when that record 
was made. 


was a landholder in 1647, and he and his brother Peter had 
a lot granted to them in partnership at Cotuit. Thomas 
does not appear to have been a householder. He resided in 
the easterly part of the town, and after his marriage, proba- 
bly at the house of Thomas Lothrop, who was father-in-law 
to his wife. He was a mariner, and at the time of his death, 
April 22, 1650, was on a fishing voyage. 

Peter removed with his fathei'-in-law to West Barnsta- 
ble about the year 1650. His farm, containing forty acres 
of upland, was on the east of the Bursley farm, and separa- 
ted from it by Boat Cove and the stream of fresh water emp- 
tying into it. On the northeast it was bounded by Thomas 
Sharv's marsh and the land of Henry Rowley, and on the 
southeast by the farm of Mr. Thomas Dexter, Sen'r. He 
owned twelve acres of meadow. A part of his land is now 
owned by his descendants. 

Children of Deacon Thomas Blossom born in Leyden. 

I. A son, who died before Dec. 1625. 

II. Thomas, born about the year 1620, married June 18, 
1645, by Major John Freeman, to Sarah Ewer, at the 
house of Thomas Lothrop in Barnstable. She was a 
daughter of Thomas Ewer, deceased, of Charlestown, 
and was then residing with her mother. He and another 
Barnstable man, Samuel Hallet, were drowned at Nau- 
set, April 22, 1650. He left one child, a daughter 
named "Sara," and had, perhaps, a posthumous son 
named Peter. 

JH. Peter, born after the year 1627, married Sarah Bodfish, 
June 21, 1663. He resided at West Barnstable, was a 
farmer, and died about 1700, intestate. His estate was 
settled Oct. 5, 1706, by mutual agreement between his 
widow Sarah and sons Thomas, Joseph and Jabez, and 
daughters Thankful Fuller and Mercy Howland. His 
children born in Barnstable were : 

I. Mercy, born 9th April, 1664; died in 1670. 

II. Thomas, born 20th Dec, 1667, married Dec. 1695, 
Fear Robinson. He resided at West Barnstable. 

III. Sarah, born 1669; died 1671. 

IV. Joseph, born 10th Dec. 1673, married Marv Pinchon, 
17th June, 1696. 

V. Thankful, born 1675, married Joseph Fuller, 1700. 


VI. Mary, born Aug. 1678, married Shubael Rowland, 
Dec. 13, 1700. 

VII. Jabez, born 16th Feb.. 1680, married Mary Good- 
speed, 9th Sept. 1710. 

Thomas Blossom, son of Peter, married Dec. 1695, 
Fear, daughter of John Robinson of Falmouth, and a great- 
grand-daughter of Rev. John Robinson of Leyden. His 
children born in Barnstable were : 

I. Peter, born 28th Aug. 1698, married Hannah Isum, 
June 9, 1720. According to the town record he had 
an only son, Seth, born 15th March, 1721-2. Seth 
married Jan'ry 8, 1746-7, Sarah Churchill of Sand- 
wich, and second Abigail Crocker of Barnstable, Jan'ry 
10, 1754. Children— Churchill, 15th Oct. 1749 ; David, 
12th Jan'ry, 1755; Peter, 4th Dec. 1756; Abigail, 
10th May, 1760 ; Seth, 4th Dec. 1763 ; Hannah, 15th 
Aug. 1766; Levi, 15th April, 1772, who removed to 
Bridge water. 

II. John, born 17th' April, 1699, married April 6, 1726, 
Thankful Burgess of Yarmouth, and had two children 
born in Yarmouth. Fear, Feb. 3d, 1730-1, and Thank- 
ful, March 5th, 1732-3. 

III. Sarah, born 16th Dec. 1703; died young. 

IV. Elizabeth, born Oct. 1705, married July 1, 1725, Israel 

V. Sarah, 30th July, 1709, married James Case of Leba- 
non, Sept. 23, 1736. 

Joseph Blossom, son of Peter, married 17th June, 1696, 
Mary Pinchon. She died April 6, 1706, and he married 
second, Mary . 

Children born in Barnstable. 

I. A child, born 14th March, 1696-7 ; died March, 1696-7. 

II. A son, born May, 1702 ; died May, 1702. 

III. Joseph, born 14th March, 1703-4, married Temperance 
Fuller, March 30, 1727. Children born in Barnstable : 
Lydia, 19th March, 1729, married Matthias Fuller, 
1765; James, born 9th Feb. 1731, married Jan'ry 19, 
1758, Bethia Smith ; Sarah, 14th Oct. 1734, and Mary, 
14th Sept. 1736. 

IV. A son. May 1705 ; died June, 1705. 

V. Mary, 11th Dec. 1709, married Joseph Bates of Mid- 
dleborough. 1743. 


VI. Thankful, 25th March, 1711 ; married Ebeu'r Thomas, 

Dec. 8, 1736. 

Jabez Blossom, son of Peter, married 9th of Sept. 1710, 
Mercy Goodspeed. 

Children born in Barnstable. 

I. Sylvanus, born 20th Jan'ry, 1713, married Charity Snell, 
1738, and settled in South Bridgewater. His grandson 
Alden went to Turner, Maine, where he was a general 
and high-sheriff. 

Sylvanus is the only child of Jabez recorded ; but there 
was a Jabez Blossom, Jr., who married May 17, 1739, 
Hannah Backhouse of Sandwich ; also, a Ruth, who married 
June 8, 1738, Sylvanus Barrows. 

In addition to the above, there was a Peter Blossom, 
born as early as 1680, who was entitled to a share in the 
division of lands in 1703. If he was a son of Peter, son of 
Dea. Thomas, it is difficult to account for the omission of 
his name on the town and probate records. Perhaps he was 
a son of Thomas, Jr. None of the Blossoms, excepting the 
deacon, appear to have been church members, consequently 
their children's names do not appear on the church records. 

There was a Samuel Blossom of Barnstable, who mar- 
ried Hannah Bodfish, Oct. 28, 1744, and had Thankful, 5th 
Sept. 1745 ; Joseph, 28th Oct. 1747 ; Samuel and Hannah, 
twins, 24th Jan'ry, 1752, and Mehitable, 23d June, 1753. 
The mother of this family was a church member. 

There was also a Benjamin Blossom of Sandwich, pub- 
lished Dec. 22d, 1750, to Elizabeth Linnell, and married Oct. 
31,1751, Bathsheba Percival, and had one son born in Barn- 
stable, Benjamin, 18th Aug. 1753. 

James Blossom, son of Joseph, married Jan'ry 19th, 
1758, Bethia Smith, and had children born in Barnstable : 
James, Feb. 3, 1760 ; Temperance. Oct. 1761; Matthias, 
Sept. 12, 1765; Lucretia, Oct. 8, 1768, and Asenath, Aug. 
30, 1770. 

There was also a Thomas Blossom of Yarmouth, who 
married Thankful Paddock, 1749, and had five children 
born in Yarmouth, namely : Enos, Aug. 18, 1750 ; Thomas, 
March 11, 1753; Thankful, Jan'y 6, 1756; Sarah, July 
13th, 1758, and Ezra, May 10, 1761. 

Benjamin Blossom, of Sandwich, by his wife Elizabeth, 
had Sarah. Oct. 23. 1752: Mary, Nov. 27. 1757 ; Meribah, 


Jan'y 27, 1760. 

Mehitable, wife of Joseph Blossom, of Cushnet, died 
Mai-ch 16, 1771, aged 80 years, 6 mos., and 10 days. 

Benjamin, of Acushnet, died Oct. 25th, 1797, aged 76, 
who had by his wife Rebecca, Levi, who died May 8th, 
1785, aged 8 1-2 months. 

Note. — Some of the Blossoms lived in Sandwich, a fact that I was not 
aware of when I commenced writing this article. A consultation of the 
records of that town, will, I presume, enable those interested to flU up 
the gaps in this genealogy. 


This name is written on the records Bourmaii, Burman 
and Boreman. Some of his descendants write it Bowman, 
others Bowerman. Thomas Boardman's name is written 
Boardman and Boreman. In some cases it is difficult to 
decide which man is intended. Thomas Boreman was taxed 
in Plymouth in 1633, and in the following year contracted 
to repair the fort on the hill which was a wooden structure, 
and Thomas Boardman being a carpenter, I infer that he 
was the man intended. A Thomas Boreman was a freeman 
of Massachusetts, March 4, 1634, and a representative from 
Ipswich, 1636. It has been supposed that he removed to 
Barnstable, but I think it very doubtful. Thomas Bourman 
of Barnstable could not write, and though one of the first 
settlers, he was not admitted to be a townsman for some 
reason ; perhaps he favored the Quakers. It is not proba- 
ble that the inhabitants of Ipswich would have selected such 
a man for their representative. Again, Bourman was in 
aftertimes a common name in that town, and there is no evi- 
dence whatever that Thomas of Ipswich removed. 

Thomas Bourman was of Barnstable in 1643. He re- 
sided at West Barnstable, on a farm on the South side of 
the cove of meadow, at the head of Bridge Creek. It is 
thus described on the town records : 

1. Twenty-five acres of upland, be it more or less, 
butting northerly upon ye marsh, easterly upon a brook, 
and westerlj' upon a brook, and so running eighty rods 
southerly into ye woods. 

2. Sixteen acres of marsh, more or less, bounded 
westerly partly by John Jenkins, and partly by a ditch cast 
up between Abraham Blush and him ; northerly, partly by 
ye highway, and partly bj' Gdd. Blush, easterly, partly by 
ye great swamp and partly by Gdd. Blush's, his marsh. 

3. Five acres of upland, more or less, butting north- 


erly upon ye marsh, southerly upon a foot-path, easterly 
upon a flashy swamp, westerly upon his own land. 

The above described land and meadow with his dwelling 
house thereon, he sold 28th Oct. 1662, to Robert Parker 
for £78. Bourman signed this deed with his mark; his 
will is signed in the same manner ; but the latter would not 
be evidence that the testator was never able to write. 

He was a surveyor of highways in 1648, and a grand 
juror in 1650, and was a proprietor of the lands in Sucka- 
nesset, now Falmouth. He died in 1663, and is called of 
Barnstable at the time of his death. 

Children born in JBarnstable. 

He married 10th of March, 1644-5. Hannah, daughter 
of Anthony Annable, and his children born in Barnstable 

I. Hannah, May 1646. 

II. Thomas, Sept. 1648, married Mary Harper, April 9, 

HI. Samuel, July, 1651, slain at Rehobeth, March 26, 

IV. Desire, ^lay 1654. 

V. Mary, March 1656. 

VI. Mehitablc, Sept. 1658. 

VII. Tristram, Aug. 1661. 

This family removed to Falmouth. They eai'ly joined 
the Friends. Thomas, 22d April, 1690, bought of Jonathan 
Hatch, Senior, and Robert Harper, agents of the inhabitants 
of Suckanesset, one hundred acres of land formerly John 
Robinson's, described as situate on the easterly side of the 
"Five Mile River," bounded from the head of the river on a 
straight line to the pond, northerly by the pond and south- 
erly by the river. One acre to be on the south easterly side 
of the road that leads from the river to Sandwich. 

Samuel Bourman was a soldier in King Philip's war 
from Barnstable, and was slain at Rehobeth March 26, 1676. 
In the same battle Lieut. Samuel Fuller, John Lewis, Elea- 
zer Clapp, Samuel Linnet and Samuel Childs of Barnstable 
were also killed. 

Thomas Bourman was town clerk of Falmouth 1702, 
1704 and 1705. March 26, 1691, Thomas Bourman and 


William Wyatt, a committee to laj^ out lands at Woods 

The following account of the family after the removal 
to Falmouth, collected by Mr. Neweir Hoxie of Sandwich, 
from ancient papers, is the best I have been able to obtain. 
The illumination of dates would made it more intelligible : 

Thomas Bourman, though belonging to the Society of 
Friends, was taxed for the support of the ministrj- in the 
town of Falmouth. All non-conformists were then required 
to pay a double tax, one to their own society and one to the 
settled minister of the town. Many resisted this law as 
tyrannical and oppressive, and of this number was Thomas 
Bourman. In the winter of 1705-6, he was committed to 
Barnstable Jail for non-payment of a ministerial tax. On 
the 4th of the 11th mo., 1705-6, the Friends monthly meet- 
ing, held at the house of William Allen in Sandwich, ordered 
"A bed and bedding to be sent to Thomas Bourman, he be- 
ing in prison for the priest's rate." The following distraints 
was subsequently made of his property to pay his taxes to 
Rev. Joseph Metcalf, of Falmouth, one whose ministry 
neither himself nor his family attended : 

19th, 3d mo. 1709—2 cows, worth £5, for £3, 12s. U. 

13th, 3d mo. — 1 cow and calf, worth £2, 2s. tax. 

22d, 3d mo. — 1 cow worth £3, 10s. for £1, 13s. tax. 

24th, 1st mo. 1710—1 cow worth £2, 14s. for £1, 17s. 

17th, 1st mo. 1715—1 cow worth £3, 10s. for £l, 3s. 
Id. tax. 

9th, 1715—1 fat swine worth £3, 00, for £1 tax. 

21st, nth mo. 1716—2 calves worth £2, 10s. for £1, 
25. M. 

lOtb, 3d mo. 1728—5 sheep worth £2, 10s. for £0, 
16s. tax. 

30th, 3d mo. 1728—12 lbs. wool worth £1, 10s. for 
£0, 16s. \0d. 

As these distraints were made by different constables, 
the presumption is that the three first named were for taxes 
of former years. 

His son, Thomas Bowman, also, refused to pay his 
ministerial tax, and in 1727 the constable seized three bush- 
els of Malt, worth 16s. 6ri. to pay the same. On the 2d 


oftheSdmo. 1728; the constable seized one Linen Wheel 
and one Bason, worth 20 shillings. 

These exactions were very moderate in comparison- with 
those made by Constable Barlow half a century earlier. 

Thomas Bourman, born in Barnstable, Sept. 1648, mar- 
ried Mary Harper, April 9, 1678. Their children were 
Samuel ; Thomas, who married Jane Harby ; Stephen, who 
did not marry ; Benjamin, who married Hannah ; Han- 
nah, who married Nathan Barlow 1719, and Wait, who 
married Benjamin Allen, 1720. 

Thomas Bourman, son of the second Thomas, resided 
at West Falmouth on the estate now owned by Capt. Nathan- 
iel Eldred. He married Jane Harby, and had children : 
Ichabod ; Judah, who married Mary Dillingham 1758 ; Da- 
vid, married Kuth Dillingham 1751, and Hannah Wing 1770 ; 
Silas, married second, Lydia Gilford ; Joseph, married Rest 
Swift, Sept. 17, 1766; Sarah, married Melatiah Gifford 
1743; Jane, married Joseph Bowman; Elizabeth; Peace, 
who did not marry, and Deborah. 

Benjamin Bourman. son of Thomas 2d, married Han- 
nah . He resided at Teeticket, Falmouth, was a man of 

enterprise and wealth, and died in the year 1743, leaving 
sons Daniel, Samuel and Stephen, and a daughter "Rest,'" 
all of whom belonged to the Friends' Meeting. He wrote 
his name Bowerman, as many of the family now do. In the 
inventory of his estate, one-half of the sloop Falmouth and 
one-eighth of the sloop Woods Hole, are appraised. His 
son Stephen, married 1756, Hannah, daughter of Caleb and 
Reliance Allen ; Samuel married three wives ; first, 1743, 
Rose Landers; second, 1746, Jemimah Wing; third, Oct. 
10, 1785, Grace Hoxie. Daniel married Joanna, daughter 
of Simeon Hathaway, and had Barnabas, grandfather of the 
present Barnabas, and a daughter "Rest," who rested in 
single life. 

Beside those mentioned in the will of Benjamin Bour- 
man, Mr. Hoxie says he had a son Enos, who married in 
1764, Elizabeth, daughter of Recompence and Lydia Land- 
ei's ; Joseph, who died young; Wait, who married 1741, 
Benjamin Swift, and a son Benjamin, who married in 1755, 
Elizabeth, daughter of William and Mary Gifford. This 
Benjamin lived at Teeticket. His children, Elihu, married 
Sept. 23, 1779, Anny Allen; Harper, who married, first. 


Elizabeth Shepherd, and second, Meribah Jones ; Hannah, 
who married Eben Allen ; Zacheus, married Sept. 26, 1810, 
Elizabeth Wing; Benjamin, married 1796, Phebe Shepherd ; 
Elizabeth; Anna, married Abel Hoxie ; Samuel, and Eest 
who married Francis Allen. Several of this family lived to 
a great age. 


Edward Bompasse came over in the Fortune, and arrived 
at Plymoutii Nov. 10, 1621. The name is probably the 
French Bon pas — a similar name to the English Goodspeed. 
At the division of the land in 1623, and of the cattle in 1627, 
he was unmarried. He sold land in Plymouth in 1628, and 
removed to Duxbury and there bought land of William Pal- 
mer, on which he built a house and -'palisado," which he 
sold to John Washburn in 1634. In 1640 he was of Marsh- 
field, and was living at Duck Hill in that town in 1684. 

It appears that he married about the time he removed 
to Duxbury, and according to the Marshfield records his 
wife was named Hannah. The record says "Hannah, widow 
of old Edward Bumpas, died 12th Feb. 1693," and that 
Edward Bumpas died nine days before. Mr. Savage sup- 
poses that the latter record refers to Edward Bumpas, Jr. 

This Barnstable family descend from Thomas, prob- 
ably the youngest son ot Edward, the pilgrim. He was not 
a proprietor, and I do not find that he was admitted an in- 
habitant of Barnstable. He and his son Thomas claimed to 
be proprietors, but the lands laid out to them in 1716, were 
in consideration of fifteen shares purchased by them of Lieut. 
John Howland, and in settlement of "their whole right or 
pretence to any claim in the division of the common land in 
Barnstable." Thomas Bumpas' house was on "Lovell's 
Way," in Cokachoiset, now Osterville. 

Samuel Bumpas' house was at Skonkonet, now called 
Bump's river, and on the road south of Thompson's 
bridge. His house stood near the cedar swamp. His house 
lot and other lands in the vicinity of Thompson's bridge, 
laid out to him in 1716, was for one share he bought of his 
brother-in-law Samuel Parker, and one of John Howland. 


The family in Barnstable is extinct, but the descendants 
of Edward in other parts of the country are very numerous. 

No record has been preserved of the family of the first 
Edward. His children as well as can now be ascertained 
were : 

I. Faith, born 1631. 

II. Sarah, married March, 1659, Thomas Durham. 

HI. John, born 1636, probably the oldest son, had at 
Middleborough, Mary, born 1671 ; John, 1673, 
Samuel, 1676; James, 1678; at Rochester, Sarah, 
16th Sept. 1685; Edward, 16th Sept. 1688, and 
Jeremiah, 24th Aug. 1692. I'he latter married 
Nov. 15, 1712, Jane Lovell of Barnstable. The fam- 
ily was afterwards in Wareham. 

IV. Edward, born 1638. Mr. Savage supposes he died 
in Marshfield in 1693. 

V. Joseph, born 1639, first of Plymouth, and afterwards 
of Middleborough. Mr. Winsor in his history of 
Duxbury doubts whether Joseph was a son of Ed- 
ward, though he puts his name among his children. 
A deed of land recently found settles this question. 
He was a son of Edward, and had Lydia, born 2d 
Aug. 1669 ; Wybra, 15th May, 1672 ; Joseph, 25th 
Aug. 1674 ; Rebecca, 17th Dec. 1677 ; James, 25th 
Dec. 1679; Penelope, 2lst Dec. 1681; Mary, 12th 
Aug. 1684, and Mehitable, 21st Jan'y, 1692. 

VI. Jacob, born 1644. Mr. Deane says he was of Scit- 
uate in 1676, where he married in 1677, Elizabeth, 
widow of William Blackmore, and had Benjamin, 

1678, and Jacob, 1680. Benjamin had nine children, 
and has numerous descendants. 

VII. Hannah, born 1646. 

VIII. Philip. Winsor says Philip was the son of Edward, 
and he was living in 1677 ; but gives no additional 

IX. Thomas, born about the year 1660, married Nov. 

1679, Phebe, eldest daughter of John Lovell of 
Barnstable. His children born in Barnstable were : 

Ghildren born in Barnstable. 

I. Hannah, born 28th July, 1680, married Samuel Par- 

ker, Dec. 12, 1695. The bride was 15, and the 


bridegroom 35. 

II. Jean, born Dec. 1681. 

III. Mary, born April, 1683. 

IV. Samuel, born Janr'y 1685, married Joanna Warren, 
Aug. 1, 1717, and had Sarah, April 5, 1718, married 
Samuel Lothrop, July 17, 1740; Joanna, May 15, 
1719, married Samuel Hamblin, Jr., Nov. 16, 1749 ; 
Jubez, June 25, 1721; Thomas, March 20, 1722-3; 
John, May 17, 1725 ; Warren, June 28, 1727 ; Bethia, 
Aug. 23, 1729, married Seth Phinney, Oct. 26, 1748 ; 
Mary, Jan'y 1, 1731-2, and Phebe, April 21, 1734. 

V. Thomas, born May, 1687. 

VI. Sarah, born Jan'ry 1688. 

VII. Elizabeth, born Jan'y 1690. 

VIII. Abigail, born Oct. 1693. 

IX. John, baptized June 21, 1696. 

X. Benjamin, born 27th, March 1703. 

Phebe, wife of Thomas Bumpas, became a member of 
the Barnstable Church, May 24, 1696, and on the 21st of 
June following, his children Samuel, Thomas, John, Mary, 
Sarah, Abigail and Elizabeth were baptized. Hannah, his 
eldest child, was then married, and respecting Jane under 
the date of July 5, 1696, is the following entry: "Jane of 
Phebe, wife of Thomas Bump, ye girl being about 14 or 15 
years old, was examined, and being one of ye family and 
looked upon in her minority, was baptized." The baptism 
of Benjamin does not appear on the church records. Phebe 
Bumpas of Barnstable, married Nov. 11, 1724, John Fish. 
She was probably daughter of Thomas, Sen'r, The Thank- 
ful Bumbas, who married Dec. 12, 1744, Jonathan Hamblin, 
was perhaps another daughter. There was also a Samuel 
Bumpus, Jr., of Barnstable, who married in 1733, Sarah 
Rogers.of Plymouth. She died April 10, 1736, leaving a 
son Levi, born March 17, 1734-5. 



Aged twenty years, came over in the Thomas and John, 
Richard Lombard, master, from Gravesend, 6th Jan'y 1635. 
He joined Mr. Lothrop's church Oct. 25, 1635, married 
Alice, Goodman Ensign's maid in the Bay (Massachusetts), 
Nov. 23, 1638, removed with the church to Barnstable in 
1639. Mr. Savage says he was a tanner by trade, and that 
he was afterwards of Dorchester. In the list of those who 
were able to bear arms in 1643, his name is written Beetts. 
Perhaps the name is Bills. There was a family of that name 
early in Barnstable. The children of William Betts, born 
in Barnstable, were : 

Children born in Barnstable. 

I. Hannah, bap'd Jan'y 26, 1639-40. 

II. Samuel, bap'd Feb. 5, 1642-3. 

III. Hope, a son, bap'd Mar. 16, 1644-5. 

After the date of the birth of his son Hope, his name 
disappears on the Barnstable records. His lands are not 
recorded ; probably they were transferred to another with- 
out a formal deed, as was the custom at the first settlement. 
He, perhaps, settled in the westerly part of the plantation, 
near John Crocker. 



This name is uniformly written on tlie Colony and early 
Barnstable records Blush. Many of his descendants now 
spell their name Blish, though the popular, pronunciation of 
the name continues to he Blush. 

He was an early settler at Duxbury. Nov. 1, 1637, he 
bought of Richard Moore, for twenty-one pounds sterling, 
(payable in money or beaver, ) a dwelling-house and twenty 
acres of land at Eagle's Nest in Duxbury. On the 26th of 
Nov. 1638, he sold the easterly half of the land to John 
Willis for £8, lOs. sterling. 

He was of Barnstable in 1641, and was probably one of 
the first settlers ; was propounded to be admitted a freeman 
June 1, 1641; again in 1651, and 1652. The date of his 
admission is not given ; his name is on the list of freemen 
in 1670. He was a grand-juror in 1642, 1658, and 1663 ; 
surveyor of highways 1645, 1650 and 1652; constable, 
1656, 1660 and 1667. He is styled a planter, and was a 
large landholder, owning at West Barnstable eight acres of 
land on the east side of Bridge Creek or Cuve, and seven- 
teen acres of meadow adjoining. Fourteen acres of upland, 
eight on the south, and six on the north side of the road and 
bounded easterly by the Annable land, and three acres of 
meadow adjoining. His great lot containing forty acres was 
on the east of Scorton Hill, and bounded southerly by the 
highway. This he sold Feb. 10, 1668, to John Crocker, 
Sen'r, for £5, 10s. 

In 1662, he owned another sti'ip of land on the east of 
the Annable Farm, containing eight acres, extending from 
the marsh across the highway to Annable's pond. 

The above lands were his W^est Barnstable farm, on 
which it appears that he resided in 1643, being one of the 


earliest settlers in that part of the town. His old home- 
stead on the west of the Annable land was owned by him 
and his descendants about two centuries. 

July 17, 1G58, he bought for £75, the Dolar Davis 
farm, in the easterly part of the town containing fifty acres 
of upland and ten of meadow. Twelve acres ol this land 
was at Stony Cove, and was sold by him in 1680 to Nathan- 
iel and Jeremiah Bacon ; twenty-two acres in the Old Com- 
mon Field, and sixteen acres (his house lot), on the south 
of the Mill Pond. His dwelling-house stood a short dis- 
tance south-easterly from the present water-mill. The 
causeway which forms the Mill Dam was called in early 
times Blushe's Bridge, and the point of land at the western 
extremity of the Old Common Field is now known as 
Blushe's Point. 

The first wife of Abraham Blush was named Anne, 
perhaps Anne Pratt. She was buried in Barnstable, ac- 
cording to the Town and Colony records, May 16, 1651 ; 
but according to the Chui'cli records, which are more relia- 
ble, on the 26th of May, 1653. His second wife was Han- 
nah, daughter of John Williams of Scituate, and widow of 
.John Barker of Marshfield. She was buried in Barnstable, 
March 16, 1658, according to the Colony records ; but the 
Barnstable record probably gives the ti'ue date, Feb. 16, 
1657-8. He married for his third wife, January 4, 1658-9, 
Alice, widow of John Derby of Yarmouth. He died Sept. 
7, 1683 ; his age is not stated. His children born in Barn- 
stable were 

Children born in Barnstable. 

I. Sarah, born 2d Dec. 1641, bap'd 5th Dec. 1641. 

H. Joseph, born 1st April, 1648, bap'd 9th April, 1648; 
married Hannah Hull, 15th Sept. 1674 ; died June 14, 
"1730, aged 82 years. 

HI. Abraham, born 16th Oct. 1654. In the will of his 
uncle, Capt. John Williams of Scituate, he is called of 
Boston in 1691. In 1698, Thomas Brattle of Boston, 
conveyed to Abraham Blush and twenty others, land 
called Brattle Close. He was one of the founders of 
the church in Brattle street in 1698. Mr. Savage does 
not find that he had a family. 
Joseph Blush, son of Abraham, married Sept. 15, 1674, 


Hannah, daughter of Tristram Hull. He resided at West 
Barnstable. He died June 14, 1730, aged 82, and his 
widow died Nov. 15, 1733, aged 75 years. His will is da- 
ted June 25, 1722, and Avas proved Aug. 30, 1731. He 
names his wife Hannah, and sons Tristam sole executor, 
Benjamin, Abraham and Joseph ^ and daughters Annah, 
Thankful and Mary. He gives his cane to his son Joseph, 
and remembers all his grand-children then four years of 

Children born in Barnstable. 

I. Joseph, born 13th Sept. 1675, married Hannah Child, 

30th July, 1702. 
H. John, born 17th Feb. 1676-7 ; died young. 
HI. Annah, born Feb. 1678-9. 

IV. Abraham, born 27th Feb. 1680-1, married Temper- 
ance Fuller, Nov. Nov. 12, 1736. 

V. Reuben, born 14th Aug. 1683, married two wives. 

VI. Sarah, born Aug. 1685, died 3d Jan'y 1686. 

VII. Sarah, born Sept. 1687, died 1705. 

VIII. Thankful, born Sept. 1689, married Joseph Bodfish, 
Oct. 11, 1712. 

IX. John, born 1st Jan'y 1691 ; died Oct. 14, 1711. 

X. Tristram, born April, 1694. 

XI. Mary, born April 1696, married Samuel Jones 26th 
June, 1718. 

XII. Benjamin, born April, 1699. 

Joseph Blush, Jr., son of Joseph, resided at West 
Barnstable. He married 30th July, 1702, Hannah, daugh- 
ter of Eichard Child. She died 11th Nov. 1732, aged 58 
years, and he married in 1733 his second wife, Eem ember 
Backus of Sandwich. He died March 4, 1754, aged 79 

Children bom in Barnstable. 

I. Joseph, born 2d Feb. 1704, married Oct. 28, 1730, 
Mercy Crocker, and had Joseph, born July 20, 1731, 
who married Sarah Crocker, May 19, 1757. During 
the Revolution he was an active and energetic Whig. 
Hannah, born Oct. 28, 1732, married Zachariah Perry 
ot Sandwich, Feb. 7, 1744-5 ; William, Dec. 22, 1733 ; 
Samuel, bap'd March 16, 1734-5 ; Seth, bap'd March 


25, 1739; Mercy, born Oct. 24, 1740; Benjamin, 
bap'd July 18, 1742; Ebenezer, born April 1, 1744, 
and Timothy, Feb. 16, 1745-6. 

II. Abigail, born 29th Nov. 1705, married Seth Crocker. 

III. Sarah, born 1st Oct. 1707, married Seth Hamblin, Oct, 
9, 1735. 

IV. Mehitable, 14th June, 1711, married Ben. Jenkins, 
Oct. 29, 1730. 

V. Abraham, born 29th Sept. 1712 ; died Feb. 8, 1723-4. 

VI. Hannah, 14th June, 1715. 

Al)raham Blush, son of Joseph, married Nov. 12, 1736, 
Temperance Fuller. He was fifty-live and she was only 
twenty at their marriage. Joseph Blush, Jr., had a son 
Abraham born in 1712, who died in 1724, and as there was 
no other Abraham in Barnstable, it is to be presumed that the 
match was made notwithstanding the disparity in the ages 
of the bride and bridegroom. 

Children born in Barnstable. 

I. Abraham, 20th Oct. 1737. 

II. Elijah, 5th March, 1738-9, married Sarah Stewart, 
Jan'y 25, 1761. 

III. Rebecca, 14th Nov. 1740. 

IV. Benjamin, 9th May, 1743. 

V. Elisha, 23d April, 1745 ; died 17th Nov. 1645. 

VI. Elisha, 1st March, 1746-7. 

VII. Martha, 14th July, 1749. 
VIH. Temperance, 21st Nov. 1751. 

IX. Timothy, 3d Aug. 1756, probably died young. 

Reuben Blush, son of Joseph, is not named, if my ab- 
stract is reliable, in his father's will, and though he mar- 
ried twice and had a family, the births of his children are 
not on the Barnstable records. By his first wife Elizabeth, 
he had six children baptized Dec. 20, 1730, namely : John', 
Silas, Reuben, Elizabeth, Hannah and Thankful. 

He married for his second wife, Mary Thomas, Oct, 
25, 1735. In his will dated July 3d, 1738, proved on the 
20th Oct. following, he names his wife Mary, and sons John, 
Reuben and Silas. His widow, who is styled Mrs., married 
March 5, 1745, Lieut. John Annable. 


Tristram Blush, son of Joseph, married Oct. 17, 1717, 
Anne Fuller, and had children born in Barnstable, namely : 

I. Benjamin, June 16. 1718. 

II. Anna, Nov. 19, 1719. 

III. Sylvanus, Oct. 13, 1721. 

IV. Thankful, bap'd Nov. 1725. A Thankful Blush mar- 
ried Caleb P^rry of Sandwich, Oct. 1758. 

John Blush, son of Reuben, married Nov. 15, 1739, 
Mary, daughter of Ebenezer Goodspeed, Jr., and had John, 
Nov. 14, 1745; Mary, Feb. 17, 1748, (who had Mary 
Crocker by Enoch Crocker, Auaj. 20, 1765;) Stacy, March 
26, 1751, and Eebecca, Oct. 14^ 1756. 

Reuben Blush, son of Reuben, married May 11, 1747, 
Ruth Childs, and had Reuben, 20th Oct. 1747 ; David, 11th 
May, 1749; Thomas, 21st July, 1751, and Elizabeth, 19th 
Oct. 1755. 

Silas Blush, son of Reuben, married Nancy Tobey of 
Falmouth in 1747, and had Rebecca bap'd Jan'y 25, 1748-9 ; 
Abigail, June 2, 1751 ; Mercy, Sept. 30, 1752 ; Silas, Aug. 
1, 1756; Elisha, Jan'y 15, 1759, and Mercy, April 18, 

Silas of this family married Chloe, daughter of Nicholas 
Cobb. His widow is now living at the advanced age of 

His brother Elisha was a very worthy man ; but he 
made one sad mistake, he married for his first wife a woman 
because she had lands and money. 


Elisha Blush married for his first wife June 2, 1790, 
Rebecca Linnell — familiarly known as "Aunt Beck," — the 
third wife and widow of Johif Linnell, deceased. The first 
wife of the latter was Mercy Sturgis, his second, Ruth, a sis- 
ter of Rebecca, and both daughters of James Linnell. By 
Mercy and Ruth he had no issue, by Rebecca a daughter 
Abigail. By the ecclesiastical law of England it was then 
illegal for a man to marry his deceased wife's sister, and the 
issue of such marriages was declared illegitimate. Under 
this law the other heirs of John Linnell claimed his large es- 
tate to the exclusion of his widow and daughter. Before 
anv settlement was made, the daughter died, the widow 


married, and the. law was changed. The matter was finally 
settled by compromise, and Rebecca Blush came into posses- 
sion of nearly all her first husband's estate. 

Elisha Blush was a shoemaker by trade, a very honest 
and worthy man, and an exemplary member of the Metho- 
dist Church. At the time of his first marriage he was thirty- 
one and his wife forty-six years of age. She died Nov. 7, 
1830, aged 86 years, and six weeks and three days after he 
married Eebecca Linnell, a grand niece of his first wife, a 
young woman aged 29. Elisha Blush died May 1836, aged 
77, and his widow is the present wife of the Rev. Scolly G. 
Usher, now a practicing physician at the West. 

When young I had often heard of Aunt Beck's Museum, 
and there are very few in Barnstable who have not. In the 
winter of 1825, I resided in her neighborhood, and made 
several calls to examine her curiosities. Her house, yet re- 
maining, is an old-fashioned, low double-house, facing due 
South, with two front-rooms, a kitchen, bedroom and pan- 
try on the lower floor. The east front-room, which was 
her sitting-room, is about fourteen feet square. The west 
room is smaller. Around the house and out-buildings every 
thing was remarkably neat. The wood and fencing stuff 
was carefully piled, the chips at the wood-pile were raked 
up, and there Avas no straw or litter to be seen about the 
barn or fences. It was an estate that the stranger would 
notice for its neat and tidy appearance. 

In my visits to her house the east front-room was the 
only portion I was permitted to see, though I occasionally 
caught a glimpse of the curiosities in the adjoining rooms 
through the half-opened doors. I was accompanied in my 
visits by a young lady who was a neighbor, and on excel- 
lent terms with Aunt Beck. She charged me not to look 
around the room when I entered, but keep my eye on the 
lady of the house, or on the fire-place. To observe such 
precautions was absolutely necessary, for the stranger who, 
on entering, should stare around the room, would soon feel 
the weight of Aunt Beck's ire, or her broom-stick. 1 fol- 
lowed my instructions, and was invited to take one of the 
two chairs in the room. It was a cool evening, and all be- 
ing seated close to the fire, we were soon engaged in a 
friendly chat, and I soon had an opportunity to examine the 
curiosities. In the northeast corner of the room stood a 


bedstead with a few rajrged, dirty bed-clothes spread thereon. 
The space under the bed was occupied partly as a pantry. 
Several pans of milk were set there for cream to rise, (for 
Aunt Beck made her own butter) ; but when she made more 
than she used in her family, she would complain of the dull- 
ness of the market. In front of the bed and near the centre 
of the room stood a common table about three feet square. 
Respecting this table a neighbor, Captain Elisha Hall, as- 
sured me that to his certain knowledge it had stood in the 
same place twenty years, how much longer he could not say. 
On this table, for very many successive years, she had laid 
whatever she thought curious or worth preserving. When 
an article was laid thereon it was rarely removed, for no one 
would dare meddle with Aunt Beck's curiosities. Feathers 
were her delight ; but many were perishable articles, and in 
the process of time had rotted and changed into a black 
mould, covering the table with a stratum of about an inch in 

In front of the larger table stood a smaller one near 
the tire-place, from which the family partook of their meals. 
This table was permanently located, and I was informed by 
the neighbors that no perceptible change had been made in 
the ORDER, or more properly disorderly, arrangements of 
the furniture and curiosities for the ten years next preceding 
my visit. The evening was cool, and though my hostess 
was the owner of extensive tracts of woodland, covered with 
a heavy growth, she could not afford herself a comfortable 
tire. A few brands and two or three dead sticks, added 
after we came in, cast a flickering light over the room ; but, 
fortunately for our olfactories, did not inci'ease its tempera- 

The floor, excepting narrow paths between the doors, 
fire-place and bed, was entirely covered with broken crock- 
ery, old pots, kettles, pails, tubs, &c., &c., and the walls 
were completely festooned with old clothing, useless articles 
of furniture, bunches of dried herbs, &c., &c., in fact every 
article named in the humorous will of Father A-bby, except- 
ing a "tub of soap." The other articles named in the same 
stanza were conspicuous : 

"A long cart rope, 
A frying-pan and kettle. 
An old sword blade, a garden spade, 
A pi-uning-hook and sickle." 


But in justice to Aunt Beck, I should state that she did 
for many long years contemplate making "a tub of soap." 
For thirty years she saved all her beef-bones for that pur- 
pose, depositing the same in her large kitchen fire-place and 
in other places about the room. During the warm summer 
of 1820, these bones became so offensive that Aunt Beck 
reluctantly consented to have them removed, and Captain 
Elisha Hall, who saw them carted away, says there was more 
than an ox-cart load. 

Of the other rooms in the house I cannot speak from 
pei'sonal knowledge ; but the lady who went with me and 
who is now living, informed me that in the west room there 
was a bed, a shoemaker's bench, flour barrels, chests con- 
taining valuable bedding, too good to use, and a nameless 
variety of other articles scattered over the bed and chairs ; 
from the walls were suspended a saddle and pillion, and 
many other things preserved as rare curiosities. In time the 
room became so completely filled that it was diflicult to en- 
ter it. The kitchen, bedroom, pantry and chambers were 
filled with vile trash and trumpery, covered with dirt and 

This description may seem imaginary or improbable to 
the stranger ; but there are hundreds now living in Barn- 
stable who can testify that the picture is not drawn in too 
strong colors. Truth is sometimes stranger than fiction, and 
this maxim applies in all its force to Rebecca Blush. That 
she was a monomaniac is true ; but that she was insane on 
all subjects is not true. Early in life she was neat, industri- 
ous and very economical, but her prudent habits soon degen- 
erated into parsimony. Economy is a vii'tue to be inculcat- 
ed, but when the love of money becomes the ruling passion, 
and a man saves that he ma}^ hoard and accumulate, he 
becomes a miser, and as such, is despised. The miser accu- 
mulates money, or that which can be converted into money. 
Aunt Beck saved not only money, but useless articles that 
others threw away. These she would pick up in the fields, 
and by the roadside, and store away in her house. During 
the latter part of her life she seldom went from home. 
During more than twenty years she thus gathered up useless 
trash, and as she did not allow any thing (except the bones) 
to be carried out for more than forty years, it requires no 
great stretch of the imagination to form a correct picture of 


the condition and appearance of the place, she called her 

Her estate, if she had allowed her husband to have 
managed it, would have been much larger at her death. Her 
wood she would not be allowed to be cut and sold, and the 
proceeds invested. She lost by investing her money in 
mortgages on old houses and worn-out lands, and loaning to 
persons who never paid their notes. She also had a habit 
of hiding parcels of coin among the rubbish in her house, 
and sometimes she would forget not only where she had 
placed the treasure, but how many such deposits she had 
made. It is said that some of her visitors, who were not 
over-much honest, often carried away these deposits, un- 
known and unsuspected by her. 

On one subject, saving, Rebecca Blush was not of 
sound mind. She was, however, a woman naturally of strong 
mind — no one could be captain over her. She knew more 
or less of almost every family in town, and was always very 
particular in her inquiries respecting the health of the fam- 
ilies of her visitors. She delighted in repeating ancient bal- 
lads and nursery tales. In her religious opinions she was 
Orthodox; and she hated the Methodists, not because they 
were innovators, but because the preachers called at her 
house, and because her husband contributed something to 
their suppoi-t. 

Not a dollar of the money saved and accumulated by 
her, during a long life of toil and self-denial, now remains. 
In a few short years it took to itself wings and flew away. 
Her curiosities, which she had spent so many years in col- 
lecting and preserving, were ruthlessly destroyed before her 
remains were deposited in the grave. She died on Sunday. 
On the Thursday preceding, her attendants commenced re- 
moving. She overheard them, and asked if it thundered. 
They satisfied the dying woman with an evasive answer. 
Before her burial, all her curiosities were either burnt, or 
scattered to the four winds of heaven. 

The old house soon lost all its charms, and its doors 
ceased to attract visitors. Its interior was cleansed and 
painted ; paper-hangings adorned the walls, and handsome 
furniture the rooms. Forty-five days after her death there 
was a wedding-party at the house. Mr. Blush endeavored 
to correct the sad mistake which he made when a young 


man, by taking in his old age a young woman for his second 
wife, forty-three years j'^ounger than himself, and fifty-seven 
years younger than his first wife. 

During the closing period of his life, a term of nearly 
six years, Elisha Blush enjoyed all those comforts and con- 
veniences of life of which he' had been deprived for forty 
years, and to which a man having a competent estate is enti- 
tled. This great change in his mode of living did not, how- 
ever, afibrd him unalloyed happiness. One remark which 
he made at this period is worth preserving ; it shows the 
effect which habits of forty years growth have on the human 
mind. Some one congratulated him on the happy change 
which had taken place. "Yes," said he, "I live more com- 
fortably than I did," but he added with a sigh, "my present 
wife is not so economical as my first." 

Note. — I read the manuscript of this article to the only persons now 
living whom I presumed would have any feeling in regard to its publi- 
cation. They are relatives of Aunt Beck, and when young were frequent 
visitors at her house. I altered whatever they said was not literally 
true, excepting things of which I was myself an eye witness. They re- 
quested me to say nothing of her eccentricities. I replied that Aunt 
Beck and her museum, like Sarcho and Dappie, were born for each oth- 
er, and if the account of the museum was omitted, Aunt Beck sunk into 



According to tradition William Blachford, the ancestor 
of this family, came from London. His wife, Elizabeth 
Lewis, was a daughter of Benjamin Lewis, who had a house 
at Crooked, now called Lampson's Pond. She was popu- 
larly known, not by her true name, but as Liza Towerhill, 
because the family of her husband is said to have resided in 
that part of London. She was reputed to be a witch. 
Some of the marvels which are related of her I have pub- 
lished. It is unnecessary now to re-produce them, or other 
equally improbable relations since collected. That Elizabeth 
Blachford was a witch, and transformed herself into a black 
cat at pleasure, and performed most wonderful feats, all her 
neighbors three-fourths of a century ago believed, or at least 
pretended to believe. Even at this day, there are persons 
who firmly believe that Liza Tower Hill was a witch, and 
did all the wonderful things that they have heard ancient 
people relate. 

She was a daughter of Benjamin Lewis by his second 
wife, Hannah Hinckley. Her father was a grand-son of the 
first George Lewis, and her mother was a grand-daughter 
of the first Samuel, and own cousin to Gov. Thomas Hinck- 
ley. Her family and connections were among the most respec- 
table and infiuential in Barnstable. She was born Jan'y 17, 
1711-12, married William Blachford, Nov. 12, 1728, 
admitted to the East Church, in full communion, Jan'y 9, 
1736-7, of which she was an exemplany member until her 
death in July, 1790. She was honest, industrious, ener- 
getic and shrewd in making a bargain. The records of Eev. 
Mr. Green furnish evidence that she was an exemplary and 
pio'.is woman, fifty -three years of her life — a period cover- 
ing the whole time in which, according to popular belief. 


she was in league with the Evil One. 

Her husband was a very worthy man, admitted to the 
church at his own house on the day preceding his death ; 
died June 15, 1755, leaving a small estate and seven chil- 
dren, four under seventeen, to be provided for by their 
mother. She spun and wove for those who were able to 
pay for her services, managed her small farm, working 
thereon with her own hands,* kept several cows, and thus 
was able to bring up her children respectably. 

A question here arises which covers the whole ground 
respecting the popular belief in witchcraft. It is difficult 
perhaps satisfactorily to explain this phase in the popular 
mind. Fifty years before the time of Liza Towerhill, the 
intelligent and the ignorant alike believed in the existence 
of witches. The Bible taught that there witches in olden 
times ; and the laws of Old and New England recognized 
witchcraft as an existing evil, the practice whereof was crim- 
inal and punishable with death. Eespecting the meaning of 
the words "being possessed with devils," and "witches" 
in the Scriptures, our ancestors had vague and uncertain 
notions. The imaginations of the ignorant and the super- 
stitious, perhaps aided by the malice of the wicked, gave 
form and substance to those vague notions, and they became 
visible forms to their eyes, more frequently in that of a cat 
than any other animal. That such transformations actually 
occurred was believed by very many ; and not a few held that 
the hanging of witches was a religious duty. We may re- 
gret that such was the popular delusion, or we may laugh 
at the simplicity of those who believed in such vageries ; yet 
five generations have since passed, and time has not entirely 
eradicated from the popular mind a belief in the existence of 
apparitions and witches. 

*A man now living informs me that when a small boy, he went with 
his father to assist Liza in breaking np a piece of new ground. At that 
time she must have been over seventy-iive years of age, yet she performed 
the most laborious part of the operation — holding down the plough. 
During the operation the plough was suddenly brought up against a 
stump, and the concussion threw her over it. She suffered no incon- 
venience by the accident, and continued to work till the job was com- 
pleted. All admit that she was not a weak-minded woman, aud this 
anecdote shows that she was also physically strong. 


Phenomena which Science now enables us to explain in 
accordance with the laws which govern the Universe, were 
inexplicable to them, and without iflaputing to them wrong 
notions, or being influenced by a superstitious fear, we may 
safely admit that their conclusions were honest. All dis- 
eases which aflTected both the mind and the body, including 
diseases of the nervous system, epilepsy, monomania, &c., 
were classed in ancient times under the general head of being 
"possessed of an evil spirit." Without entering upon this 
inquiry, it is sufficient to say that our fathers believed that 
the devil had something to do with persons thus afflicted. I 
am, however, satisfied that nineteen-twentieths of the witch 
stories told, originated in dream-land. All that are told of 
Liza Towerhill are of this class. Some were proved to be 
so during the life-time of the parties. The case of Mr. 
Wood of West Barnstable is an illustration. He charged 
Liza with putting a bridle and saddle on him and riding him 
many times to Plum Pudding Pond in Plymouth, where the 
witches held their nightly orgies. Though Mr. Wood had 
palpable evidence of the falsity of the charge, yet for many 
years he continued to relate the story, and evidently believed 
he was telling the truth. This case, if it proves anything, 
proves that Mr. Wood was a monomaniac. 

Another question arises, how it happened that a woman 
who sustained the good character of Elizabeth Blachford, 
should be made the scape-goat of the flock, and be charged 
with being in league with the devil, and as a witch, persecu- 
ted for more than half a century. Some of the reasons may 
be found that induced the belief; but none that will justify 
her persecution. Her father's house was in the forest, two 
miles from a neighbor. At that time wolves and other wild 
animals abounded ; Indians were constantly scouring the for- 
ests for game, and their great "trail" from Yarmouth to 
Hyarmis, now visible, passed near Mr. Lewis' house. The 
solitariness of the residence, and the associations of raven- 
ous beasts, and of more cruel Indians therewith, inspired 
awe, and led the popular mind into the belief that the fam- 
ily must be connected with evil spirits, or they could not 
live in such a wild place in safety. Elizabeth's husband 
built a house a mile west of her father's, on the borders of 
Half- Way Pond. She was only sixteen and one-half years 
old, and that a young woman should have the courage to live 


alone in the woods, seemed in that superstitions age to car- 
ry with it the evidence that she was in league with the devil. 
It is unnecessary to add that such reasoning is unconclusive ; 
the superstitious never examine facts, or inquire respecting 
the soundness of the opinions they adopt. 

When Mrs. Blachford was charged with being a witch, 
she always took offence, and resented the charge as false and 
malicious. Her children would not allow any one with im- 
punity to tell them that their mother was a witch. Even 
her grandson Uriah, who died about fifteen years ago, aged 
over eighty, was very sensitive on the subject, and the man 
who dared to tell him his grandmother was a witch, he would 
never forget or forgive. 

The days of witchcraft are now numbered and past, — 
the few who still believe in it cautiously conceal their opin- 
ions. It is fortunate for the reputation of the Plymouth 
Colony that no one therein was ever convicted, condemned, 
or punished for that crime. Our rulers had the good sense 
to punish the complainant in the first case that arose, instead 
of the person complained of. If a different decision had then 
been made, a thousand complaints would have arisen and 
similar acts to those which disgrace the annals of Salem and 
Massachusetts, would now disgrace the history of Plymouth 
and Barnstable. 

The ashes of Elizal)eth Blachford rest quietly in the 
grave-yard near the East Church. No phoenix spirit has 
arose therefrom to disturb the equanimity of the living, or 
disturb the repose of the dead. Neither ghosts nor hobgob- 
lins are seen to dance over her grave, or sigh because the 
manes of the last witch have fled. 

The family of William Blachford and his wife Elizabeth 
Lewis, born in Barnstable : 

I. Peter, born May 10, 1729. 

II. Lydia, April 5, 1734; died young. 

III. Benjamin, June 11, 1738, married 1761, Sai-ah God- 
frey of Yarmouth, and had a family. 

IV. Kemember, March 3, 1739-40. married Luke Butler 
of Nantucket, Oct. 9. 1760. 

V. Mercy, April 13, 1742. 

VI. David, June 17, 1744, married Elizabeth Ellis of 
Provincetown, 1765. He died Nov. 16, 1822, ao-ed 
78. "^ 


VII. Lydia, May 22, 1746, married Ellis. 

VIII. William, June 25, 1750. He married Monica . 

I believe she was an Eldridge from Harwich. She 
lived at one time in a house built over a large, flat 
rock, on the west side of Monica's Swamp in Barn- 
stable. After their marriage they lived in the house 
which was his mother's at Half-Way Pond. He was 
a soldier in the Revolutionary Army. He deserted ; 
but being an invalid and unable to stand up straight 
no eflbrt was made to secure his return to the army. 
Col. Otis was instructed to have him arrested as a 
deserter as an example to others. Bill, however, on 
his way home, passed the house of Col. Otis. At the 
time, he and some of his neighbors were standing in 
his yard. One of them said "There comes Bill Blach- 
ford." The Colonel turned quickly around, and look- 
ing in an opposite direction, exclaimed, "Where is 
the rascal?" Without turning, the Colonel went into 
his house and Bill escaped. A little further on Bill 
met with others who knew him, and they inquired 
where he was from. Bill replied, "Straight from 
the camp." "Then," replied the first speaker, "you 

have got most d y warped by the way." He died 

Aug. 30, 1816, aged 66, leaving no children. 



In the biographical dictionaries and in many historical 
works, there are short sketches of the life and character of 
Richard Bourne. No biography of this distinguished man 
has been written. I shall not attempt it. My purpose is 
to elucidate one point in his character, namely : the politi- 
cal influence of his labors as a missionary, — a point not en- 
tirely overlooked by early writers, — but historians have 
failed to give to it that prominence it deserves. The facts 
bearing on this point will be stated in a condensed form. 

Aside from his labors as a missionar3% Richard Bourne 
was a man of note. He was often a representative to the 
General Court ; held many town offices ; often served on 
committees, and as a referee in important cases. He was a 
well-informed man ; discreet, cautious, of sound judgment, 
and of good common sense. There is reason to doubt 
whether he brought to New England so large an estate as 
has been represented. The division of the meadows at 
Sandwich does not indicate that he was a man of wealth. 
He was a good business man, and while he carefully guarded 
the interests of the Indians, he did not forget to lay up 
treasures for himself. 

John Eliot, Thomas Mayhew, father and son, Richard 
Bourne, John Cotton, Daniel Gookin, and Thomas Tupper 
consecrated their lives to the philanthropic purpose of meli- 
orating the condition of the Indians. They instructed them 
in the arts of civilized life ; they established schools, and 
they founded churches. Many of the Indians were con- 
verted to Christianity, and lived pious and holy lives ; very 
many of them were taught to read and write their native 
language, and a few were good English scholars. 


Mr. Bourne was the pastor of the Indian Church at 
Marshpee,* gathered in 1670. The apostles Eliot and Cot- 
ton assisted at his ordination. His parish extended from 
Provincetown to Middleboro' — one hundred miles. He 
commenced his labors as a missionary about the year 1658, 
and in his return to Major Gookin, dated Sandwich, Sept. 
1, 1674, he says he is the only Englishman employed in this 
extensive region, and the results of his labors are stated in 
his return, of which the following is a condensed abstract : 

"Praying Indians that do frequently meet together on 
the Lord's Day to worship God." He names twenty-two 
places where meetings were held. The number of men and 
women that attended these meetings was three hundred and 
nine. Young men and maids, one hundred and eighty- 
eight. Whole number of praying Indians, four hundred 
and ninety-seven. Of these one hundred and forty-two 
could read the Indian language, seventy-two could write, 
and nine could read English. 

The labors of Mr. Bourne and his associates have not 
been sufficiently appreciated by historians. In 1675, the 
far-seeing Philip, Sachem of Mount Hope, had succeeded 
in uniting the Western Indians in a league, the avowed ob- 
ject whereof was the extermination of the white inhabitants 
of New England. His emissaries in vain attempted to in- 
duce the Christianized Indians to join that league. They 
remained faithful. Eichard Bourne, aided by Thomas Tup- 
per of Sandwich, Mr. Thornton of Yarmouth and Mr. Treat 
of Eastham had a controlling influence over the numerous 
bands of Indians then resident in the County of Barnstable, 
in Wareham, Eochester and Middleboro'. Mr. Mayhew ex- 
erted a like controlling influence over the natives of Martha's 
Vineyard and the adjacent islands. 

In 1674, the year preceding King Philip's war, the re- 
turns made to Major Gookin, show that the aggregate num- 
ber of Christianized or praying Indians 

•*Maesi-ipee.— Mr. Hawlev. who understood the Indian language, says 
it should he written Massa'pe. This word is from the same root as 
Mississippi, and literally moans Great Eiver. The principal stream in 
the plantation is called Marshpee or Great River. 


In Massachusetts, was _ _ _ - 1100 

In Plymouth, Mr. Bourne's return, - - - 497 

In '« Mr. Cotton's partial, - - - 40 

Estimated number not enumerated, - - 170 

On Martha's Vineyard and Chappaquidock, - 1500 

On Nantucket, - - 300 


It is not to be presumed that, at that time, more than 
one-half of the Indians had been converted, or were nom- 
inally Christians. Perhaps a fair estimate of the Indian 
population in 1675, in the territory comprised in the eastern 
part of the present Srate of Massachusetts, would be 7000 ; 
one-fifth, or 1400 ot whom were warriors. 

On account of the jealousies and suspicions entertained 
by the English in Massachusetts, the Indians rendered little 
service to the whites. Mr. Eliot and Major Gookin suffered 
reproaches and insults for endeavoring to repress the popu- 
lar rage against their pupils. Some of the praying Indians 
of Natick, and from other places in Massachusetts, were 
transported to Deer Island in Boston harbor. Some of the 
Indians in Plymouth Colony, particularly those at Pembroke, 
were conveyed to Clarke's Island, Plymouth. 

On Martha's Vineyard and on the Cape, the Indians 
were friendly to the English. Many enlisted and fought 
bravely against the forces of Philip. Capt. Daniel of Sa- 
tucket, (Brewster), and Capt. Amos distinguished them- 
selves in the war and are honorably mentioned. In the 
course of the war, the number of prisoners became embar- 
rassing, and they were sent to the Cape and Martha's Vine- 
yard, and were safely kept by the friendly Indians. 

Major Walley says that the English were rarely suc- 
cessful when they were not aided by Indian auxiliaries, and 
urges this as a reason tor treating them kindly. The reader 
of the "History of the Indian Wars" will find many facts to 
corroborate the opinion of Major Walley. 

In the spring of 1676 the armies of Philip were victo- 
rious, and the inhabitants of Plymouth Colony were panic 
stricken and despondent. If at that time the one thousand 
Indian warriors, who were influenced and controlled by 
Bourne and Mayhew had become enemies, the contest in 
Plymouth Colony would not have been doubtful, the oiher 


towns would have been destroyed and met the fate of Dart- 
mouth, Middleboro' and Swanzey. At this time three hun- 
dred men could not be raised to march for the defence of 
Eehobeth. All the towns, excepting Sandwich and Scituate, 
raised their quotas ; but many of the soldiers that went 
forth, returned to their homes without marching to the de- 
fence of their frontier towns. 

In 1675, Gov. Hinckley enumerated the Christianized 
Indians embraced in the region of country which had been 
under the superintendence of Mr. Bourne. The number had 
increased from four hundred and ninety-seven in 1674, to 
ten hundred and fourteen in 1685. Showing that in a 
period of eleven years the number had more than doubled. 

In 1676, no enumeration of the Indians was made ; but it 
is within the bounds of probability to assume that in the 
district of country under the supervision and care of Mr. 
Bourne there were at least six hundred Indian warriors. 
Had these at this particular conjuncture turned rebels, the 
whites could not have defended their towns and villages 
against the savages, and Plymouth Colony would have be- 
come extinct. 

It ma}' be urged that Mr. Bourne could not have done 
this unaided and alone ; or, if he had not, God in his provi- 
dence would have raised up some other instruments to have 
effected this great purpose. The fact is Richard Bourne by 
his unremitted labors for seventeen years made friends of a 
sufficient number of Indians, naturally hostile to the English, 
to turn the scale in Plymouth Colony and give the prepon- 
derence to the whites. He did this, and it is to him who 
does, that we are to award honor. Bourne did more by the 
moral power which he exerted to defend the Old Colony 
than Bradford did at the head of the army. Laurel wreaths 
shade the brows of military heroes — their names are en- 
shrined in a bright halo of glory — while the man who has 
done as good service for his country by moral means, sinks 
into comparative insignificance, and is too often forgotten. 

The Apostle Eliot, Mr. Mayhew, and other missiona- 
ries, performed like meritorious services. The people of 
Massachusetts were more suspicious of the good faith of the 
converted Indians, than the residents in the Plymouth 
Colony. These Indians were treated unkindly by the En- 
glish, yet a company from Natick proved faithful, and did 
good service in the war. 


Of the early history of Mr. Eichard Bourne little is 
known. It is said he came from Devonshire, England. He 
was a householder in Plymouth in 1636, and his name ap- 
pears on the list of freemen of the Colony, dated March 7, 
1636-7. On the 2d of January preceding, seven acres of 
land were granted to him to belong to. his dwelling-house. 
At the same court seven acres of land were granted to John 
Bourne, in behalf of his father, Mr. Thomas Bourne. 

May 2, 1637, he was on a jury to lay out the highways 
about Plymouth, Duxbury and Eel Eiver. June 5, 1638, 
he was a grand juror, and also a member of u coroner's in- 
quest. On the 4th of September following, he was an in- 
habitant of Sandwich, and fined 18 pence for having three 
pigs unringed. He was a deputy to the first general court 
in 1639, and excepting 1643, represented the town of Sand- 
wich till 1645 ; again in 1652, 1664, '65, '66, '67 and '70. 

In the division of the meadows in Sandwich in 1640, 
he had seven acres assigned to him. 

In 1645 he was on the committee elected to draft laws 
for the Colony ; in 1652 agent of the Colony to receive oil 
in Sandwich. In 1655, Sarah, daughter of Eichard Kerby, 
was sentenced to be punished severely by whipping, for ut- 
tering divers suspicious speeches against Mr. Bourne and 
Mr. Freeman, but the execution was respited till she should 
again be guilty of a like offence. In 1659 he and Mr. 
Thomas Plinckley were authorized to purchase lands of the 
Indians at Suckinesset,* and the same year he and Mr. 
Freeman wei'e ordered to view some land at Manomet, and 
confirm the sapie to Thomas Burgis. 

In 1658 he was one of four referees to settle a disputed 
boundary between Yarmouth and Barnstable. The boundary 
established by them is the present bounds, but the grant of 
the township to which they refer in their report is lost. 

In 1661, he and Nathaniel Bacon and Mr. Thomas 
Hinckley were authorized to purchase all lands theft unpur- 
chased at Suckinesset and places adjacent. 

* Sue KiNES SETT the Indian nnme ol the town ol Falmouth is variously- 
spelled on the records. It means '-the place where hlack wampum 
(Indian money) is made." I prefer the orthos^raphy here given, because 
the roots of the words from which the name is compounded can be more 
easily traced. Sucki means black ; the terminal syllable is applied to 
places on the sea-shore, or by water. The other syllables I cannot ex- 


In 1650, he and others of Sandwich petitioned to have 
larids granted to them at the following places : Marshpee 
pond, Cotuit river, and meadow at Mannamuch bay. In 
] (i55, he and others had meadows granted them at Manomet, 
and the use of some upland meadow at the end of Marshpee 
pond was granted to him, if the Indians consented. In 1660, 
he had authority to locate land at South Sea, above Sand- 
wich, and in 1661 Mr. Alden and Mr. Hinckley laid out to 
him "a competency of meadow" there. 

At a General Court held at Plymouth June 4, 1661, the 
Court granted unto Richard Bourne of Sandwich, and to his 
heirs forever, a long strip of land on the west side of Pani- 
paspised river, where Sandwich men take alewives — in 
breadth from the river to the hill or ridge that runs along 
the length of it, from a point of rocky land by a swamp 
called Pametoopauksett, unto a place called by the English 
Muddy Hole, by the Indians Wapoompauksett. "The 
meadow is that which was called Mr. Leverich's ; " also, the 
other strips that are above, along the river side, unto a point 
bounded with two great stones or I'ocks ; also all the meadow 
lying on the easterly side of the siiid river unto Thomas 
Burgess, Senior's farm.* Also, "yearly liberty to take 
twelve thousand alewives at the river where Sandwich men 
usually take alewives, him and his heirs forever." Likewise 
a parcel of meadow at Marshpee — one-half to belong to him 
and the other half to be improved by him. Also, a neck of 
meadow between two brooks with a little upland adjoining, 
at Mannamuchcoy, called by the Indians Auntaanta. 

Feb. 7, 1664-5, "Whereas, a motion was made to this 
Court by Richard Bourne in the behalf of those Indians 
under his instruction, as to their desire of living in some 
orderly way of government, for the better preventing and 
redressing of things amiss amongst them by meet and just 
means, this Court doth therefore in testimony of their coun- 
tenancing and encouraging to such a work, doe approve of 

*The farm of Thomas Burgei5s was at West Sandwicb, and is no^Y 
owned by his descendant, Benjamin Burgess, Esq. He had also another 
farm at Manomet, which adjoined Mr. Bourne's land. Mr. Leverich's 
meadow was granted in 1660, but fraudulent means having been used to 
obtain It, the grant was revoked and the meadow granted to Mr. Bourne 
in 1661. The long track of land above described is near the Monument 
station on the Cape Cod Bailroad, the railway passing through its whole 


these Indians proposed, viz : Paupmunnacke,* Keecomsett, 
Watanamatucke and Nanquidnumacke, Kanoonus and Mo- 
crust, to have the chief inspection and managcraent thereof, 
with the help and advice of the said Richard Bourne, as the 
matter may require ; and that one of the aforesaid Indians 
be by the rest instated to act as a constable amongst them, 
it being always provided, notwithstanding, that what homage 
accustomed legally due to any superior Sachem be not here- 
by infringed. — [Colony Records, Vol. 4, page 80.] 

April 2, 1667, Mr. Richard Bourne, William Bassett 
and James Skiffe, Senior, with the commissioned officers of 
Sandwich, were appointed on the Council of War. He was 
also on the Council in 1676. June 24, 1670, he and seven 
others agreed to purchase all the tar made within the Colony 
for the two years next ensuing at 8 shillings per small bar- 
rel, and 12 shillings per large barrel, the same to be deliv- 
ered at the water-side in each town. 

Nearly all the purchases of land of the Indians made in 
Sandwich or vicinity during the life-time of Mr. Bourne, 
were referred to him, a fact which shows that the English 
and the Indians had confidence in him as a man of integrity. 

At the solicitation of Mr. Bourne, the tract of land at 
South Sea, containing about 10,500 acres, and known as the 
plantation of Marshpee, was reserved by grant from the 
Colony to the South Sea Indians. The late Rev. Mr. Hawly 
of Marshpee, says, "Mr. Bourne was a man of that discern- 
ment that he considered it as vain to propagate Christian 
knowledge among any people without a territory where 
they might remain in peace, from generation to generation, 
and not be ousted." The first deed of the Marshpee lands 
is dated Dec. 11, 1665, signed by Tookenchosen and Weep- 
quish, and confirmed unto them bj^ Quachateset, Sachem of 
Manomett. In 1685, the lands conveyed by said deed were 
by the Old Colony Court "confirmed to them and secured 
to said South Sea Indians and their children forever, so as 

* Paupmunnacke was the sachem of the Indi.ans in the westerly part 
of Barnstable, at Scorton, and perhaps of Marshpee. Keencumsett was 
sachem of the Mattakesits. His house stood a little distance north of 
the present Capt. Thomas Percival's. He was constable. The residences 
of the other sachems named I cannot define. These facts show that as 
early as 1665 an orderly form of government was established among the 
Indians. They held coui'ts of their own, tried criminals, passed judg- 
ments, etc. Mr. Bourne and Gov. Hinckley frequently attended these 
Indian courts and aided the Indian magistrates in difficult cases. 


never to be given, sold or alienated from them without all 
their consents." 

The first marriage of Mr. Richard Bourne is not on the 
Colony Records. As he was a householder in Plymouth in 
1636, it may safely be inferred that he was then a married 
man. His first wife, and the mother of all his children, was 
probably Bathsheba, a daughter of Mr. Andrew Hallet, 
Senior. He married 2d July, 1677, Ruth, widow of Jona- 
than VVinslow, and daughter of Mr. William Sargeant of 
Barnstable. Mr. Bourne died in 1682, and his widow 
married Eider John Chipman. She died in 1713, aged 71 

No record of the births of the children of Richard 
Bourne has been preserved. His eldest son was probably 
born in Plymouth ; the others in Sandwich. 

I. Job married Dec. 14, 1664, Ruhama Hallet. 

n. Elisha, born 1641, married Oct. 26, 1675, Patience 

IH. Shearjashub, born 1644, married Bathshea Skiff, 1673. 
IV. Ezra, born May 12, 1648. He was living in 1676, 

when he was fined £2 as a delinquent soldier. 

Job Bourne, son of Richard, married Dec. 14, 1664, 
his cousin, Ruhama, daughter of Andrew Hallet of Yar- 
mouth. He resided in Sandwich, where he was find in 1672 
for not serving as constable. He died in 1676, leaving a 
large landed estate, which was settled March 6, 1676-7. His 
widow afterwards married Hersey. 

in the record, which is very full, it is stated that the 
deceased left five children, butthe names of John and Hannah 
are omitted, probably by mistake. On the Barnstable Pro- 
bate records is an instrument bearing date of 13th Sept. 
1714, signed by Jonathan Mory and his wife Hannah, 
called a settlement of Job Bourne's estate. In this paper 
all the children are named excepting John. Jonathan's 
mother-in-law, Ruhama Hersey, is named. Children of 
Job Bourne, born in Sandwich : 

I. Timothy, born 18th April, 1666, married Temperance 

II. Hannah, born 18th Nov. 1667, married Jonathan 
Mory, Esq., of Plymouth. 

III. Eleazer, born 20th July, 1670. 


IV. John, born 2d Nov. 1672. He resided with his grand- 
mother Hallet, at Yarmouth. 

V. Hezekiah, born 25th Sept. 1675. 

Timothy, son of Job, married Temperance Swift of 
Sandwich, and had Job, Benjamin, Timothy, Joanna and 
Mehitable. His will is dated in 1729, and proved in 1744. 
His son Timothy married Elizabeth Bourne, and had sons 
Benjamin and Shearjashub, H. C, 1764. Benjamin, son of 

Benjamin, married Bodfish, and had Benjamin, 

Timothy, Sally, Martha, Temperance, Elizabeth and Han- 
nah. Shearjashub married Doaiie, and had John, 

Shearjashub, Elisha, Abigail, Nancy and Elizabeth. 

Eleazer, son of Job, married Hatch, and had 

Isaac, Job and Mercy. Job, son of Eleazer, married 

Swift, and had Thomas, Thankful, Maria, Deborah and 

Thomas, son of Job, married Bourne, and had 

Alvan, Job, John, Mary, Deborah, Lydia, Hannah and 
Abigail . 

.fohn, son of Job, married and had a daughter Amia, 
who married a Sturtevant. 

Hezekiah, youngest son of Job, married Eliza Trow- 
bridge, and had a son Ebenezer, who married Annah 
Bumpal, 1746, and had Ebenezer, .John, Benjamin, Mehita- 
ble and Mary. Ebenezer, Jr., married three wives, and had 
four sons, John, Josiah, Ebenezer and Leonard C. Benja- 
min, son of Ebenezer, Senior, married Hannah Perry, and 
had Alexander, Ebenezer, Elisha, Sylvanus, Abigail and 

The Sylvanus last named, is the late Sylvanus Bourne, 
Esq., of Wareham, widely known as the late Superintendent 
of the Cape Cod Eailroad.* 

Elisha Bourne, son of Richard, born in Sandwich in 
1641, resided at Manomet, near the present location of the 
Monument Depot, on the Cape Cod Railroad. He was con- 
stable of Sandwich in 1683, and a deputy trom that town to 
the last General Court held at Plymouth in 1691. His will 

* I have a genealogy of the Bournes prepared by Sylvanus Bourne ; 
but it gives no dates, and does not give the Christian name of the wife. 
It is of little service. The portions of this genealogy where dates and 
the Christian names of the wives are omitted, is copied from that gen- 
ealogy, and I cannot vouch for its accuracy. 


is dated Jane 9, 1698, proved March 3, 1706-7. He names 
his wife Patience, his sons John and Elisha (the latter it ap- 
pears was not in good health), and his five daughters, Abi- 
gail, Hannah, Elizabeth, Mary and Bathsheba. The estate 
was finally settled by agreement, dated April 8, 1718, at 
which time Mrs. Bourne and her son Elisha were dead. The 
agreement is signed by Nathan, "only son," and all the 
daughters and their husbands. 

Elisha Bourne married 26th Oct. 1675, Patience, 
daughter of James Skiff, Esq. , of Sandwich. She was born 
25th March, 1652, and died in 1718, aged 66. He died in 

Children born in Sandwich. 

I. Nathan, born Aug. 31, 1676, married Mary Basset. 

II. Elizabeth, born June 26, 1679, married John Pope. 

III. Mary, born Feb. 4, 1681-2, married John Percival. 

IV. Abigail, born July 22, 1684, married William Basset, 

V. Bathsheba, born Dec. 13, 1686, married Micah Black 

VI. Hannah, born May 4, 1689, married Seth Pope. 

VII. Elisha, born July 27, 1692 ; died young. 

Nathan, only surviving son of Elisha, was a shipwright. 
He died in 1789, in Hanover. His estate in that town was 
appraised at £727.17.2, and in Sandwich at £898.18.10; 

a large estate in those times. He married Basset, 

had Jonathan, John, Nathan, Elisha, Thomas, Maria, Eliza- 
beth and Mary. Jonathan married Dec. 22, 1748, Susannah 
Mendal, and had John, Elisha, Nathan, Maria and Abigail. 

John, son of Nathan, married Dillingham, and had 

Edward, Mary, Abigail and Hannah. Nathan, Jr., married 

, and had Samuel and Remembrance. Elisha, 

son of Nathan, Senior, married , and had 

Stephen and Eunice. Thomas, son of Nathan, Senior, mar- 
ried Randall, and had Nathan, Lemuel, William, 

Anselm, Samuel, Asa, Bethuel, Thomas, Lucy, Elizabeth 
and Mary. Of the sixth generation of this branch of the 

family, Elisha, son of Jonathan, married Nye, and 

had Jonathan, Charles, Hannah, Mehitable, Abigail and 

Joanna. Stephen, son of Elisha, married Pope, and 

had Elisha and Richard. 


Shearjashub Bourne, Esq., son of Eiohard, resided on 
the Marshpee Plantation until his death, living in reputation 
and presiding over the Indians, with whom he carried on a 
lucrative trade. I cannot find, says Mr. Hawley, that he 
made any trespasses on their lands, or was instrumental in 
bringing about an alienation of any part thereof. He was 
much employed in public business, was often a representa- 
tive to the General Court at Plymouth and in Boston. He 
married in 1673, Bathsheba, daughter of James Skiff, Esq., 
of Sandwich. . She was born 20th April, 1648, and was not 
living at the decease of her husband. He died March 7, 
1718-19, aged 75. In his will, dated on the day next pre- 
ceding his death, he names all his children, except Sarah, 
who probably died young. To his eldest son Melatiah, he 
gave all his lands in the town of Falmouth ; to his son Ezra 
all his lands in Marshpee ; to bis grandson Shearjashub, 
£100 ; to his grandson Joseph, £100 ; to his daughter Mary, 
£200 ; to his daughter Eemember, £200 ; to his daughter 
Patience, £200 ; and to the Church in Sandwich £8. His 
estate was appraised at £943.16. 

He took a deep interest in the well-being of the Indians 
and was their constant friend, and adopted measures to 
secure to them and their heirs forever their lands. 

The children of Shearjashub Bourne, born in Sandwich, 
were : 

I. Melatiah, born 12th Jan'y, 1673-4, married Feb. 23, 
1695-6, Desire Chipman. 

II. Ezra, born 6th Aug. 1676, married Martha Prince. 

III. Mary, born 21st Oct. 1678, married Allen. 

IV. Sarah, born 6th Feb. 1680-1. 

V. Eemember, born 6th Feb. 1683-4, married May- 

VI. Patience, born 20th April, 1686, married Alien. 

Ezra, the youngest son of Shearjashub, inherited the 

Marshpee estate on which he lived, and presided over the 
Indians, over whom to the day of his death, he maintained 
a great ascendency. He was one of the most distinguished 
and influential men of his time. He was Chief Ju'stice of 
the Court of Sessions, and Court of Common. Pleas. He 
died Sept. 1 764, in the 88th year of his age. The late Eev. 
Gideon Hawley of Marshpee, says of him, -'In him I lost a 
good friend." 


Hon. Ezra Bourne married Martha, daughter ot Samuel 
Prince, and had 

I. Joseph, who was liberally educated, and ordained as 
the pastor of the Marshpee Church in 1729. He re- 
signed the mission in 1742. He married July 25, 
1743, Hannah Fuller of Barnstable, and died in 1767, 
leaving no issue. 

II. Samuel, son of Ezra, married L'Hommedieu, 

and had Benjamin, Samuel, Nathaniel, Nathan, Tim- 
othy, Sarah and Elizabeth, all of whom married. 

HI. Ezra, son of Ezra. 

IV. Searjashub, married Bosworth, and had Shear- 

jashub, Benjamin and Martha, all of whom married — 
the eldest having a family of thirteen. Benjamin was 
eludge of the District Court of Rhode Island. 

V. Martha, daughter of Ezra, married a Mr. L'Homme- 

VI. Mary, daughter of Ezra, married 1733, John Angler, 
first minister of East Bridgewater. 

VII. Elizabeth, daughter of Ezra, married Timothy Bourne. 
'l"he descendants of Ezra Bourne, Esq., as they are not 

of Barnstable, I shall not trace farther. In 1794, three of 
his grandsons were members of Congress ; one from Massa- 
chusetts, one from Ehode Island and another from New- 

Hon. Melatiah Bourne,* oldest son of Shearjashub 
Bourne, Esq., inherited his father's lands in Falmouth, but 
he settled in Sandwich. He was a distinguished man, held 
many responsible offices, and during the last years of his 
life was Judge of Probate for the County of Barnstable. 
He married Feb. 23, lf)92-3. Desire, youngest daughter of 
Elder John Chipman. She died March 28, 1705, and he 
married second, Abigail, widow of Thomas Smith. In his 
will, dated 24th Sept. 1742, proved Feb. 15th following, 
he gives to the Sandwich Church £10, old tenor, or 50 shil- 
lings lawful money. He names his wife Abigail, her sons 
Samuel and John Smith, her daughter Rebecca, Mary and 
Isaac, children of her son Shubael, deceased, and her 
grandson. Doctor Thomas Smith, to all of whom he gave 

* His house is yet remaining in Sandwich ; it was most substantially 
built. The cliipboards on the walls were shaved from cedar about an 
inch ill thickness, and nailed with wrought nails. They are now tight 
and as good as new. 


legacies. He gave his cane to his eldest grandson, Melatiah, 
and his clock to his son Silas. Names his son S3^1vanus ; 
gave to his son John and grandson Joseph, his lands in 
Falmouth. He gave legacies to his daughter Bathsheba 
Euggles and to each of the children she had by her late 
husband, William Newcomb. He orders his negro man Nei'o 
to be manumitted. Children of Hon. Melatiah Bourne : 
I. Sylvanns, Sept. 10, 1694, married Mercy Gorham, 

March 20, 1718. 
n. Richard, Aug. 13, 1695 ; died in Falmouth, 1738. 
ni. Samuel, Feb'. 7, 1697 ; died young. 

IV. Sarah, Feb. 7, 1697 ; died young. 

V. John, March 10, 1698, married March 16, 1772, 
Maty Hinckley. 

VI. Shearjashub, Dec. 21, 1699, married four wives. 

VII. Silas, Dec. 10, 1701, married Allen. 

VIII. Bathsheba, Nov. 11, 1703, married William New- 
comb; second, Timothy Ruggles, 1736. 

Hon. Sylvanus Bourne, son of Melatiah, of Sandwich, 
born Sept. 10, 1694, married in 1717, Mercy, daughter of 
Col. John Gorham of Barnstable. In 1720, he was an in- 
habitant of Falmouth, but soon after removed to Barnstable, 
where he resided till his death. He bought the estate which 
was Mr. James Whippo's, who removed to Boston in 1708. 
Mr. Thomas Sturgis, who died that year, bought this estate 
for his son Edward ; but it passed not many years after into 
the possession of the Bourne family, in which it continued 
about a century. 

He inherited a good estate from his father, and his Avife 
belonged to one of the most wealthy families in Barnstable. 
In early life he was a merchant, and engaged in commer- 
cial business, in which he was successful, and became 
wealthy. He was a Colonel of the militia, many years one 
of the Governor's Council, Register of Probate, and after 
the death of his father in 1742, was appointed Judge of 

He died in 1764. In his will, dated May 20, 1763, he 
names hig sons Melatiah, to whom he gives £66.13 : Wil- 
liam, £133.6.8; and Richard, £133.6.8. To each of his 
five daughters, namely, Desire Clap, Mary Stone, Hannah 
Hinckley, Mercy Jordan and Eunice Gallison, £66.13.4 
each. He also gives legacies to his grand-children Reuben, 


Joseph and Abigail Winslow, children of his deceased 
daughter Abigail. He appoints his wife Mercy sole execu- 
trix, and gives her the residue of his large estate. 

The will of Mrs. Mercy Bourne, widow of Hon. Sylva- 
nus, is dated July 10, 1781, and was proved May 28, 1782. 
She gives to her son Richard, all her real estate — lands, 
buildings, woodlands and meadows, a silver hilted sword 
that was his father's, a large silver tankard that was his 
grandfather's, her best great Bible, two pair of oxen, one 
cow, half her sheep, all her husbandry tools, &c. 

To her three daughters Desire Clap, Mary Stone and 
Hannah Hinckley, she gave all her plate (except tankai-d to 
Richard, and silver porringer to Mei'cy), all her wearing 
apparel and household furniture, excepting what she had 
given Richard, and £30 each. 

To her granddaughter Abigail Gallison, her mother's 
work, called a chimney-piece. Also, two mourning rings, 
her grandfather Bourne's and her mother's. 

She gave to her daughter Mercy Jordan, a work called 
the Coat of Arms, one silver porringer and £(5, over and 
above what she had already had of her. 

She also gave the following legacies : 

To the children of her son Melatiah, deceased, £30. 

To the children of her daughter Abigail, deceased, £20. 

To the children of her daughter Eunice, deceased, £20. 

To the children of her son William, £20. 

To son-in-law John Gallison, Esq., £10. 

To daughter-in-law Hannah JBourne, £3. 

She gave her negro boy Cato to her son Richard, on 
the following conditions, that is,, as soon as the said Cato 
shall arrive to the age of 35 years, her said son Richard shall 
manumit him. Her negro girl Chloe she gave "to such 
daughter as Chloe should prefer to live with, the daughter 
receiving her to pay such sum as said girl shall be apprized 

She appointed her son Richard sole executor and resi- 
duary legatee, and ordered him to pay all the legacies in 
silver dollars at six shillings each. 

The portrait of Mrs. Bourne, painted by Copley in 
1766, has been preserved, and some of the worsted work 
named in her will. The old family portraits were stowed 
away in the garret of the late Sylvanus Bourne, and finally 


removed to his barn, where they were destroyed by fire. 
One of them was saved ; and after having been used as a 
target, is now in the possession of Major S. B. Pliinnoy, 
who has had it restored. Pie also has a view of Boston 
Common talien more than a century ago, wrought in worsted, 
which formerly belonged to his ancestor, Colonel Sylvaniis 
Bourne. N. S. Simpkins, Esq., who is also a descendant, 
has a specimen of worsted work that belonged to tlie Bourne 

The facts which have been stated show that Colonel 
Sylvanus Bourne was a man of wealth ; and that he lived in 
the st^de of an English country gentleman. Facts are per- 
haps not wanting to show that he had little respect for the 
simplicity of his puritan ancestry. Some of the family joined 
the Episcopal Cliurch, and the fact that Mrs. Bourne in her 
portrait is represented as holding in her hand a copy of the 
English prayer book, shows that she had a predilection for 
the Episcopacy. 

Mrs. Bourne joined the Barnstable Church Sept. 20, 
1724, and on the Fourth of July, 1729, was admitted to the 
Church in the East Parish, being dismissed with many others 
at that time from the West Parish. All her children were 
baptized at the Barnstable Church. She died according to 
the inscription on her grave stones, April 11, 1782, in the 
87th year of her age. 

The children of Colonel Sylvanus Bourne and his wife 
Mercy Gorham, were all born in Barnstable, except Mary, 
who was born in Falmouth. 

Children horn in Barnstable. 

I. Desire, born Jan'y 19, 1718 ; bap'd Oct. 4, 1724, mar- 
ried Nathaniel Clap, Esq., of Scituatc, Dec. 22, 1737. 
He was a son of Deacon Stephen, and a brother of 
Thomas, President of Yale College — one of the most 
distinguished men of learninir of his time. 

II. Mary, born April 22, 1720, bap'd Oct. 4, 1724, married 
1742, Nathaniel Stone, Jr., of Harwich. 

III. Melatiah, born Nov. 14, 1722, l)ap'd Oct. 4, 1724, mar- 
ried Mary Bayard, niece of Gov. Bowdoin. His son, 
Capt. Sylvanus, was Consul many years at Amsterdam. 
Portraits of his children taken at Amsterdam, are in the 
possession of Major S. B. Phinney. His son Meiatiah, 
married Olive Gorham, and had Meiatiah, Sylvanus 


and Olive — the latter the mother of Major S. B. Phin- 
ney of Barnstable, and George Phinney, Esq., of North 
Bridgewater. The other children of Melatiah were 
Sarah and Mary. 

Melatiah Bourne, Esq., died Sept. 1778, alter a 
long and painful illness, aged 56. His monument in the 
grave-yard, near the Church, in the East Parish in 
Barnstable, says : 

"He was a gentleman who, in public employ, con- 
ducted with great reputation to himself, and honor to 
his country. And in the more private walks of sociable 
life exhibited those virtues which have raised in the 
bosoms of those who knew him, a monument that shall 
exist when this stone shall be mouldered to its native 
dust. In him the Christian graces shone with peculiar 
lustre, and the plaudit of an approving conscience was 
the summit of his ambition." 

" Surely when men like these depart, 

The cause of virtue deeply feels the wound." 

IV. William, born Feb. 27, 1723-4, bap'd Oct. 4, 1724. 
Tradition saith, and its accuracy is vouched for by Col. 
Swett, that when a child he was prostrated by an 
apjDalling disease, pronounced by the medical faculty 
incurable. The Indians, who remembered all the 
meml)ers of the Bourne family with affection, did not 
despair, and came with the medicine men of their tribe 
to try the effect of their simple remedies and incanta- 
tions. The tender mother did not hesitate to submit 
her beloved son to savage rites and Indian remedies ; 
and from that hour, says Col. Swett, the child was 
made whole. 

He served in Gorham's Kangers at the taking of 
Louisburg in 1757. He settled in Marblehead, and 
was a wealthy merchant. He was a Justice of one of 
the Courts. He exerted his influence in procuring a 
charter and raising funds to build the bridge at New- 
bury, and for his services he had the honor to be the 
first to pass over it. He was a Colonel of the 
militia, and died in 1770. 

He married for his first wife a daughter of Lieut. 
Gov. Hazard, and for his second a dauo;hter of Judge 
Tasker, and widow of James Fessenden of Marblehead. 


He had three daughters : Clarissa, Charlotte and Fanny. 
One married Col. Orne of Marblehead, another Dr. 
Swett of Newburyport, and the third Judge Peabody 
of Exeter, N. H., the father of the authors of that 

[From the Boston Weekly News Letter of 30th August, 1770.] 

"On Wednesday were interred the Eemains of the 
Hon. William Bourn, Esq., Son of the Hon. Sylvanus 
Bourn, Esq. ; late of Barnstable : — A Gentleman blessed 
with good natural Abilities, which were improved by a 
liberal Education and an extensive acquaintance with 
the world. 

In early Life he was engaged in the military Service, 
and has since been constantly honored with public Em- 
ployments, which he filled with dignity, and discharged 
with uprightness. 

In the vale of private life, where merit is impartially 
examined, his worth was conspicuous : His vivacity, 
frankness, and delicacy of sentiment, endeared him to 
every acquaintance, and to his honor, his free, social 
hours will long be remembered by ihem with delight. 

The goodness of his heart and the integrity of his 
life corresponded to the clearness of his head ; so that 
he beheld with philosophic firmness and Christian re- 
signation his approaching dissolution ; and, a few days 
before his death, discovered an uncommon vigor and 
serenit}' of mind in the orderly disposition of his af- 

Quis desiderio sit pudor aut modus Tam cari capitis ? 
> &c., to Quando ullum inveniet parem." 

V. Hannah, born Dec. 8, 1725, bap'd Jan'y 9, 172(5, 
married Isaac Hinckley, Jr., Dec. 18, 1748, of Barrl- 
stable. She had eight children. 

VI. Mercy, born Monday, Aug. 22, 1727, says the record, 
and bap'd Aug. 27, following. She m-arried Samuel 
Jordan, Esq., of Biddeford, Maine, April 10, 1751. 

VII. Abigail, born Saturday, June 21, 1729, bap'd next 
day according to Puritan custom. She married March 
14, 1754, Kenelm Winslow, Jr., ot Marshfield. She 
died before her father, leaving three children as above 


VIII. Sylvanus, horn (says the town record, and his grave- 
stones), Nov. 21, 1731, and bap'd, according to the 
church records, on the 14th of the same month. He 
married Feb. 3, 1757, Hannah Sturgis. He had no 
children. Before leaving for Cape Breton he made 
his will, dated May 24, 1758 ; but it was not proved 
till July 16, 1761. He styles himself a merchant, and 
says he is bound on a dangerous enterprise. He gave 
his whole estate to his wife. He died suddenly at 
Martha's Vineyard, May 22, 1761. He was then a 
captain in the provincial army, and was recruiting men 
for the service, in which he had been employed several 
years. He was 29 years of age. The inventory of 
his estate amounted to £122.9, including a small stock 
of merchandize. His widow died June 13, 1798, 
aged 62. 

IX. Eunice, born Feb. 16, 1732-3, bap'd on the 25th of the 
same month; married June 19, 1754, Capt. John Gal- 
lison of Marblehead. Her grandson, John, was a dis- 
tinguised Counsellor at Law. 

X. Eichard, born Nov. 1, 1739, bap'd 18th of same month. 
He was a physician, and though he usually laid his sad- 
dle bags and spurs on his table every night, so that he 
could promptly respond to a call, he rarely had a patient. 
He was a very different raiin from his brothers. He in- 
herited none of the energy of character and good busi- 
ness habits of his ancestors. He was a man of feeble in- 
tellectual power, — simple-minded and incapable of mak- 
ing much exertion. He was a well educated man, and it 
has been remarked of him by persons well qualified to 
judge, that he had a good knowledge of the theory and 
practice of medicine ; but being wanting in judgment, 
his learning was of no practical advantage to him. He 
was very courteous and gentlemanly in his habits, and 
one of the most accommodatina: and obliging of men. 
He was the first Postmaster in Barnstable, an office which 
he held many years, and the Barnstable Social Library 
was kept at his house. For many years he was i.he only 
Postmaster, and his house was a place of frequent resort. 
At first, there was only a weekly mail ; afterwards a 
semi-weekly, and in 1812 a tri-weekly — only two how- 

. ever were paid for by the Post Office Department ; the 


third was paid by private siihscriptions. The mail left 
Boston about four o'clock in the morning, and was due 
in Barnstable at eight in the evening. During the war 
the people were anxious to obtain the news, and the men 
of the neighborhood, and messengers from distant parts 
of the town, assembled at the post-office on the evening 
of the days when a mail was due. It was also a favorite 
resort for boys who were very troublesome to the doctor. 
On winter evenings when the mail was delayed by the bad 
condition ot the roads, or a storm, a large company as- 
sembled in the doctor's parlor. The men were usually 
seated in a semi-circle around the fire, and the boys were 
seated on the floor with their feet pushed between the 
rundles of the chairs to obtain some warmth from the fire. 
The doctor had a few stereotype stories which he re- 
peated every evening, the scenes whereof were laid in 
Maine, where he resided some time when a young man. 

His wife was a very intelligent woman, and their only 
child, Abigail, was a kind-hearted and accomplished 
lady, extremely courteous and obliging to all who called 
at the office, or to obtain books from the Social Library, 
of which she took the charge. After the death of her 
parents she married her relative, Nathan Stone, Esq., of 

Doctor Bourne was temperate in his habits ; that is 
he never was intoxicated at his own expense. During 
his time, there were few who could say as much in their 
own vindication. It was fashionable at that time for the 
men to assemble fi'equently at the taverns, where they 
often remained till late, drinking, carousing, and some- 
times to gamble. The doctor was sometimes invited to 
these parties. He sung the same song "Old King Cole," 
on all festive occasions. After two or three drams, he 
would sinffhis song, which would cause infinite diversion 
to the company. Liquor deprived the doctor of the little 
wit he ordinarily had, and his grotesque acts and uncouth 
expressions rendered him a boon companion. The story 
of one of these adventures was often told by the late 
Abner Davis, Esq., who probably added some embellish- 
ments of his own, for there were few men who could tell 
a story better than- he. 

About the year 1810, Doctor Bourne was invited to 


attend a Christmas party at Hyannis. He rode his gray 
mare, which did him excellent service for twenty years, 
and arrived at the place appointed soon after sunset. 
There was an abundance of liquor oh the table, and the 
doctor was frequently pressed to partake thereof. The 
company had a jolly time, the doctor repeatedly sung 
his favorite song, and told the story of his adventures in 
Maine. It was twelve o'clock when the party separated, 
and the doctor had to be helped on to his horse. It was 
a clear, moonlight evening, the ground was covered with 
snow and a north-west wind rendered the air cold and 
piercing. He had to pass four miles through woods, 
and along a narrow road on which no inhabitants resided. 
The horse knew the way better than the master, and if 
the animal could have had its own way the rider would 
have escaped the perils he soon after encountered. Rid- 
ing about a mile he left the direct road and turned into 
the way that leads to Half-Way Pond. He had not 
travelled far before he caught sight of a rotten stump 
which reflected a phosphorescent light. The doctor 
imagined it was a fire, and as his feet were very cold, he 
dismounted, pulled ofi" his boots and placed his feet on 
the stump. When sufficiently warm, he remounted ; 
but unfortunately omitted to put on his boots. He wan- 
dered about the woods till morning, when he found his 
way out. On arriving at the main i-oad, instead of turn- 
ing westerly towards his own house, he turned in an 
opposite direction, and urged his beast into a gallop. He 
had not rode far, when he met Abner Davis, Esq., and 
several gentlemen of his acquaintance. He suddenly 
reined up his horse, and accosted them thus : "Gentle- 
men," said he, "can you tell me whether I am in this 
town or the next?" Mr. Davis replied, "You are in 
this town now, but if you drive on you will soon be in 
the next." The company perceiving that he had no 
boots, and that he was wild and excited, invited him to 
a house where he was furnished with a warm breakfast 
and a pair of boots. After resting a few hours he rode 
home ; but it was several days before he entirely recov- 
ered from the excitement and fatigue of his Christmas 

Often when waiting for the mails in the doctor's parlor 


there would be a knock at the door of the office. The 
doctor would open the door, and with his usual suavity 
of manner, would say, '-Good evening, sir." The reply 
would sometimes be, "Doctor, I just cklled to inquire 
whether or not you have found your boots ? " At other 
times the inquiry would be, "Am I in this town or the 
next?" These inquiries irritated the doctor, and he 
would grasp his whip, which he kept hanging by the 
door, and make a dash at the boys, who always took the 
precaution to be beyond the reach of the lash. 


"A few years before his death, Matthew Cobb, Esq., 
succeeded him in the office of Postmaster. This was a great 
grief to him, and was regretted by many. However simple 
or foolish the doctor may have been, he was a very accom- 
modating officer, and took much pains to ascertain the^resi- 
dences of parties, and forward them their letters or papers. 
On the settlement of his accounts, he was found to be a 
defaulter for nearly a thousand dollars, which was levied on 
his estate, and rendered him poor at the close of his life. 
His accounts were not carefully kept, and several who ex- 
amined them were of the opinion that he was not a defaulter ; 
that he had neglected to take vouchers for several sums 
of money he paid over, and he was therefore unable to 
prove that he had faithfully accounted for the receipts of his 

When writing the above paragraph, I had the impres- 
sion in my mind that subsequently it was ascertained that 
the errors were committed at the Post Office Department, 
and not by the doctor ; but those of whom I inquired had a 
different impression. No one of whom I inquired seemed to 
know certainly. I am now happy in being able to state that 
Doctor Bourne was not a defaulter. Asa Young, Esq., who 
was his agent, informs me that Doctor Bourne's property had 
been set off by execution, sold, and the proceeds paid over 
to the Department, when it was ascertained that the error 
occurred at the Post Office Department. The money was re- 
funded, and the draft for the same was received by Miss 
Abigail Bourne, the sole heir, on the very day she was mar- 
ried to Nathan Stone, Esq. — a most happy coincidence. 

According to the doctor's accounts, kept by his daugh- 


ter Abigail, he owed the Department thirty dollars when his 
tiiiccessor was appointed. This sum was laid aside to be 
paid over when called for. Subsequent investigation proved 
that Doctor Bourne's accounts were right. His property 
was wrongfully taken from him, and he did not live till it 
was rectitied. 

Justice to Doctor Richard Bourne as an honest and 
honorable man, requires this correction to be made, and 
those who preserve tiles of my papers are requested to note 
this fact in the margin of No. 28, that the money was subse- 
quently refunded by the Post Office Department. 

He died in Barnstable April 25, 1826, aged 86 years. 
His wife died in Barnstable March 5, 1826, aged 85 years. 

I. Capt. Richard Bourne, a son of Melatiah, born Aug. 
13, 1695, was an officer in the army, and distinguished 
himself at Norridgwalk. He settled in Falmouth, whei'e 
he died in 1738, leaving no issue. 

II. John Bourne, son of Melatiah, born March 10, 1698, 
married March 16, 1722, Mercy, daughter of Joseph 
Hinckley of Barnstable. He removed to Falmouth and 
had Joseph, John, David, Thomas, Sarah, Mary, Eliza- 
beth and Mary. All the sons, excepting Thomas, mar- 
ried and had families. Mr. John Bourne, the father of 
this family, died early in life, leaving a good estate. 

III. Shearjashub, son of Melatiah, born Dec. 21, 1699. He 
received his degrees at Harvard College in 1720, and 
was ordained pastor of the First Church in Scituate, 
Dec. 3, 1724. He married 1725, Abigail, daughter of 
Rev. Roland Cotten of Sandwich, and had Elizabeth, 
1726 ; Abigail, 1727 ; Desire, 1728 ; Bathsheba, 1730 ; 
Shearjashub in 1732, who died young. His first wife 
died in 1732, and he married in 1738, Sarah Brooks of 
Medford, by whom he had one son, Shearjashub, born 
in 1739. His second wife died in 1742, and he married 
in 1750, Deborah Barker, by whom he had one son, 
Roland, born the same year. His third wife died in 
1750, and he married in 1757, Joanna Stevens of Rox- 

He was a man of feeble constitution, and depressed 
and melancholy spirits. In 1755, his health was 
impaired by a paralytic affection. He tendered his 
resignation of the pastoral office, and Aug. 6, 1761, 


was dismissed ; his society generously presenting him 
with £100, and the use of the parsonage for a year and 
a half. From Scituate he removed to Roxbury, the 
native place of his wife, where he died Aug 14, 1768, 
in the 69th year of his age. — [See Deane's Scituate, 
pages 186 and 187.] 



Mr. John Bursley, the ancestor of the families of this 
name, came over very early, probably before Gov. Endicot. 
From what part of England he came, 1 have not ascertained. 
There is a parish in England called "Burslem," and as sur- 
names often originated in the names of places or trades, it is 
probable that some of his ancestors resided in that parish.* 
The name is variously written on the old records, — Burs- 
lem, Burslin, Burslyn, Burseley, Bursly. When first 
named, he is styled Mr. — a title of respect in early times. 
He appears to have been an active business man, engaged 
in the fisheries, and in trade with the Indians, and a planter. 

He may have been a member of the Dorchester Com- 
pany, that settled at Cape Ann in 1624. In 1629, he was 
at Wessaguscus, now Weymouth, where he was an associate 
of Mr. William Jeff^rey. The following assessment levied to 
defray the expenses of the arrest and sending of Merton to 
England in 1628, proves that he was a resident in the coun- 
try prior to 1629. This is the oldest tax bill on record, and 
shows the comparative wealth or ability of the difi'erent 
settlements in 1629 : 

* Sur-names were often suggested by the appearance, character or 
history of the individual. Burse is a purse ; hence the name of Bursely 
may have originated thus — "Jolin the Burser," or treasurer, and in 
course of time contracted to "John Bursley." The importance of sign- 
ing all legal and other instruments with the Christian name 
written at full length is not well understood. The "Christian" name is 
the "signatui-e." It is not, however, so important now as formerly, that 
It should be written at full length. Legally, the man who writes only 
the initial letter of his Christian name, only "makes his mark;" he does 
not "sign" the document. 


Plymouth, . - - - £2.10 

Naumkeak, (Salem,) - - - - - - 1.10. 

Piscataquack, (Portsmouth,) - - - 2.10 
Mr. Jeffrey and Mr. Burslem, Wessaguscus, (Wey- 
mouth,) 2.00 

Nantascot, (Hull,) - 1.10 

Mrs. Thompson, (Squantum Neck,) - - - 15 

Mr. Blackstone, (Boston,) - - 12 

Edward Hilton, (Dover,) - - - - - 1.00 


Mr. Savage says that Mr. Bursley was an early settler 
at Weymouth ; reckoned some three or four years among 
"old planters." That he was early of Weymouth, is evident 
from the record of the proceedings May 14, 1634, in relation 
to his servant Thomas Lane. Lane "having fallen lame and 
impotent, became chargeable to the town of Dorchester, his 
then place of residence. The General Court investigated 
the questions at issue, and ordered that the inhabitants of 
Wessaguscus should pay all the charges of his support." 
From this it appears that Lane had previously to 1634, re- 
sided a sufGcient length of time at Wessaguscus, as the ser- 
vant of Mr. John Bursley, to make the inhabitants of that 
place legally chargeable for his support. 

Mr. Palfrey, in his history of New England, says the 
cottages of Mr. Jeffrey and Mr. Burslem probably stood at 
Winnisimmet, now Chelsea. The foregoing abstracts from 
the records show that he was mistaken in his supposition. 
It also appears that John Bursley was one of the assessors 
of Dorchester, June 2, 1634. 

From 1630 to 1635, Wessaguscus appears to have been 
included within the corporate limits of Dorchester. Oct. 
19, 1630, Mr. Bursley and Mr. Jeffrey requested to be ad- 
mitted freemen of Massachusetts, and were sworn in the 
18th of May following. They were then called Dorchester 
men, though residents at Wessaguscus, which was incor- 
porated in 1635, and named Weymouth. 

Mr. Bursley was deputy from Weymouth to the JMassa- 
chusetts Greueral Court, May, 1636, and was appointed a 
member of the Committee to take the valuation of the estates 
in the Colony. He and two others were elected to the 
September term of the Court; but it was decided that 


Weymouth, being a small town, was not entitled to send 
three deputies, and he and John Upham were dismissed. 
In Nov. 1637, he was appointed hy the Court a member of 
a committee to measure and run out a three mile boundary 
line. In May, 1639, he removed to Barnstable, in company 
with Mr. Thomas Dimmock of Scituate, and Mr. Joseph 
Hull of Weymouth, to whom the lands in Barnstable had 
been granted by the Plymouth Colony Court. In 1643 and 
1645 he was at Exeter; in 1647 at Hampton and Kittery ; • 
Sept. 9, 1650, at Neweechwannook ; and at Kittery fronp 
1650 to Nov. 1652. Excepting at Kittery, he did not reside 
long at either of these places, — he visited them and the Isles 
of Shoals, when his father-in-law was settled in the ministry, 
and other places on the coast, for the purposes of trade, his 
family residing at Barnstable. In 1645, he is called of 
Exeter, yet he was that year chosen constable of Barnsta- 
ble, sworn at the June Court, and served in that office. In 
1(547, he is called of Kittery, yet he was that year one of 
the grand jurors from the town of Barnstable. These facts 
show that his residence in the eastern country was not per- 

In 1652, the General Court of Massachusetts appointed 
a commission to assume jurisdiction over the township of 
Kittery, and require the inhabitants to submit to the gov- 
ernment of that Colony. A meeting of the inhabitants was 
called on the 15th of Nov., and while the matter was under 
consideration, "complaints were made against one Jno. 
Bursly* for uttering threatening words against the Commis- 
sioners, and such as should submit to the government of 
Massachusetts." "The said Bursly uppon his examination 
at length in open Court, did confess the words, and uppon 

* "One Jno. Bursly." Mr. Bursley was well-known to the Commis- 
sioners, for some of them had been his associates in the General Court 
of Massachusetts. The right of that Colony to assume the jurisdiction 
claimed, to say the least of the matter, was doubtful. The Bursleys of 
the present day are firm and unwavering in the support of their opinioi^ 
and never yield a point that is just and for their interest to maintain. — 
Their ancestor it is to be presumed was as Arm and unyielding as any of 
his descendants, and would not be overawed by the Commissioners. — 
They say in their return — "Bursly submitted." He resisted their au- 
thority and refused to sign the articles of submission which were signed 
by forty-one of the inhabitants. Their own record shows that he fear- 
lessly exercised his right as a freeman, and the Commissioners vented 
their spleen by contemptuously calling him "one Jno. Bursly." 


his submission was discharged." After much debate forty- 
one of the inhabitants submitted ; but Mr. Bursly was not 
of the number. He returned to Barnstable, and it does not 
appear that he afterwards visited the eastern country. 

Mr. John Bursley married Nov. 28, 1639, Joanna, 
daughter of Eev. Joseph Hull of Barnstable. The marriage 
was solemnized in Sandwich, no one in Barnstable being 
then authorized to officiate. He resided in the house of his 
father-in-law, which stood near where Capt. Thomas Harris' 
now stands, till about the year 1650, when he removed to 
the Bursley farm at. West Barnstable. His first house was 
built on the north side of the County Koad across the little 
run of water, and about one hundred yards north easterly 
from the barn of the present Mr. Charles H. Bursley. The 
remains of the old chimney and the ancient hearthstone were 
removed not many years ago. An incident in his personal 
history which occurred during his residence at the old house 
has been preserved by tradition. The low land in front or 
south of the house was then a quag-mire. One day when 
he was confined to the house with a broken leg, and when 
all the male members of the family were absent, a calf sunk 
in the quag-mire, and would have been lost without assist- 
ance. The women were alarmed, being unable to extricate 
the calf. Mr. Bursley directed them to fasten a rope around 
it, and pass the end into the house. They did so, and with 
his aid, the calf was drawn out and saved. 

The ancient Bursley mansion was taken down in 1827. 
The John Bursley, then living, born in 1741, said it was 
one hundred and thirty years old, according to the best in- 
formation he could obtain. This would give the year 1697, 
as the date at which it was built. He had no record of the 
time ; he knew its age only from tradition, and was mis- 
taken. A house was standing on the same spot in 1686, 
when the County Road was laid out, and was then occupied 
by the Wid. Joanna Davis, who had previously been the 
wife of the first John Bursley. The description given of 
the house at the time of the death of the second John Burs- 
ley in 1726, corresponds very nearly with its appearance in 
1827, showing that few alterations had been made. The 
style was that of the wealthy among the first settlers. The 
Bacon house, which has been described, was built in 1642. 
The style of the Bursley house was the same, only it was 


originally a larger and better building. As late as 1690, 
dwelling bouses were built in a very similar style, and tbere 
was a general resemblance. Both had heavy cornices, the 
front roof was shorter and sharper than the rear. The more 
ancient houses were lower in thg walls, especially the cham- 
bers, and the sleepers of the lower floors were laid on the 
ground, leaving the large sills used in those days, projecting 
into the rooms. 

The style of the old Bursley house indicated its early 
origin, and there seems to be no good reason to doubt that 
it was built by the first John Bursley, before the year 1660. 
If it was a matter of any importance, it could be shown by 
other facts that the house was built before 1660. I have 
pursued the inquiry thus far mainly to show how uncertain 
and unreliable is tradition, especially in regard to time. 

The Bursley farm at West l^arnstable is thus described 
on the town records : 

Forty-five acres of upland, more or less, bounded partly 
by two rivers that run into Boat Cove, and partly by the 
Commons, as it is marked out. 

Feb. 1655. Eighty acres of upland, more or less, 
bounded easterly by Boat Cove, westerly by a runlet, ad- 
joining Goodman Fitz Eandle's, southerly partly by Mr. 
Linnell's and partly by ye Commons, northerly to the 

Fifteen acres of marsh, more or less, bounded eastei'ly 
by Boat Cove, westerly by Goodman Fitz Handle's, north- 
erly to a creek, southerly to his upland. 

The eighty acres on the north side of the road, is 
bounded on three sides by water ; a very desirable location 
because the water courses saved much labor and expense in 
building fences. The soil is generally a strong loam, free 
of rocks, and good grass land. From the first it has been 
carefully cultivated, and is now one of the most fertile and 
productive farms in Barnstable. Forty acres of the upland 
on the north side of the road are now owned by a lineal de- 
scendant, Mr. Charles H. Bursley, and thirty by Frederick 
Parker, Esq. 

The first John Bursley died in 1660. The inventory of 
his estate, taken Aug. 21, of that year by John Smith and 
John Chipman, amounted to only £115.5. I do not know 
whether this sum covered both the real and personal estate. 


but presume it did. I copy from the Genealogical Register, 
in which only the gross is given. The same estate was ap- 
praised at £137.13.10 in 1726. 1 have called Mr. Bursley 
wealthy. Wealth is a comparative term, and when a man 
is called rich, a great variety of circumstances are taken into 
account. \\ hat was the cash value of Mr. Bursley's farm 
at the time of his death, has little to do with the question. 
Eight years after, the Blush farm, now Bodfish's, the next 
west, excepting one, sold for £5.10. This Avas worth about 
one-third of the Bursley farm, exclusive of buildings. A 
common one-story house at that time cost only about £5. 
That was the price paid William Chase for building the first 
liallett house in Yarmouth. Very little glass, lime, iron 
or brick, was used in those days, and the expense of lumber 
was the cost of cutting and sawing it. They were very 
rudely constructed, and as late as 1700, it was not common 
for the walls of a house to be plastered. The joints between 
the boards were filled with clay or mortar. The meeting 
house built in 1725, in the East Parish, was constructed in 
that manner. A house like the ancient Bursley mansion 
would not, when that was built, have cost more than £50 
sterling. Very little money was in circulation in those 
times, and as a consequence prices ruled very low. It is 
said on good authority, and there can be no doubt of its 
truth, that in the year 1675, five hundred pounds in money 
could not be raised in Plymouth Colony; and, for a good 
reason, there was not so much money in the Colony. 

In 1669, the Otis farm, about half a mile east of the 
Bursley, was bought for £150. The latter was then much 
more valuable. It was easier land to till, and was in a 
better state of cultivaticm. The Bourman farm, not so val- 
uable as the Bursley farm, sold in 1662 for £78. There is 
apparently a wide difl"erence in these prices of property of 
the same description, in the same neighborhood at about the 
same time. But it must be remembered that the value of 
.landed estate depended then very much on the value of the 
improvements thereon, and on the kind of pay for which the 
property was sold. The usual consideration being provis- 
ions at "prices current with the merchants." Very few 
contracts were made payable in silver money. 

The names of the children of the first John Bursley 
are not entered on the town or probate records. At the 


time of his marriage, Nov. 28, 1639, he waw probably forty 
years of age, and the bride. Miss Joanna Hull, a blushing 
maid not out of her teens. Their children, as entered on 
the church records, are as follows : 

I. A child — name not recorded — died suddenly in the 
night, and was buried Jan'y 25, 1640-1, at the lower 
side of the Calves Pasture. 

II. Mary, bap'd July 29, 1643, married April 25, 1663, 
John Crocker. She was his second wife, and was the 
mother often children. 

III. John, bap'd Sept. 22, 1644, buried Sept. 27, 1644. 

IV. Joanna, bap'd March 1, 1645-6, married Dea. Shubael 
Dimmock, April, 1662 ; had a family of nine children 
born in Barnstable. She died in Mansiield, Conn., 
May 8, 1727, aged 83 years. 

V. Elizabeth, bap'd March 25, 1649, married, first, 
Nathaniel Goodspeed, Nov. 1666, by whom she had a 
daughter Mary, who married Ensign John Hinckley. 
She married, second. Increase Clap, Oct. 1675, and 
by him had four children born in Barnstable. 

VI. John, bap'd April 11, 1652, married, first, Elizabeth 
Howland, Dec. 1673, and second, Elizabeth . 

VII. Temperance, who married Joseph Crocker, Dec. 1677, 
and had seven children born in Barnstable, and was 
living in 1741. 

Mr. John Bursley died in 1660, and his widow married 
Dolar Davis, who died in 1673. The widow Joanna Davis 
was living in 1686. The date of her death I am unable to 
ascertain . 

John Bursley, 2d, only son of John, was eight years of 
age when his father died. He inherited the mansion house 
taken down in 1827, and two-sixths of his father's estate. 
The right of his sisters it appears that he bought, for at his 
death in 1726, he owned all the lands that were his father's. 
He married twice ; first, Elizabeth, daughter of Lieutenant 
John Howland, Dec. 1673, who was the mother of his ten 
children. His second wife was also named Elizabeth ; but 
her maiden name does not appear on recoi'd. 

He was a farmer, industrious and enterprising, and died 
leaving a large estate. The old mansion house he bequeathed 
to his son Joseph. 


Children of John Bursley, 2d, born in Barnstable : 

I. Elizabeth, born Oct. 1674; died Oct. 1675. 

II. Mercy, born Oct. 1675 ; died April 1676. 

III. John, born March, 1677-8. He married Mary Crocker, 
daughter of John, and was living in the year 1741, 
Feb. 11, 1702, and had three children. Two died in 
infancy, and the other. Experience, married Benjamin 
Lothrop. He inherited the southwesterly part of the 
old farm on which he resided. He was captain of a 
vessel employed in the whale fishery, and died in 
Barnstable, 1748. 

IV. Mary, born, 23d May, 1679, married Joseph Smith, 
after the year 1722. 

V. Jabez, born 21st Aug. 1681. His father in his will 
gave him the northwest quarter of his farm, since 
known as Doctor Whitman's farm, and now owned by 

Frederick Parker, Esq. He married Hannah , 

1705, and had Benjamin, 21st July, 1706, married 
Joanna Cannons, July 7, 1735 ; second, Mary Good- 
speed, Feb. 2, 1744, and had Jabez, 26th July, 1745; 
Martha, 25th Aug. 1740; Elizabeth, 23d Dec. 1744; 
Sarah, 3d Feb. 1748 ; Benjamin, 27th March, 1752, 
and Lemuel, 17th June, 1755 ; John, born 1st Sept. 
1708, married Eliz. Saunders, 1743 ; Elizabeth, born 
1st Feb. 1710-11; Abigail, 25th Feb. 1714, married 
Benoni Crocker, Feb. 19, 1736; Hannah, Nov. 1715, 
married Solomon Bodfish, Dec. 17, 1741 ; Joanna born 
June, 1719, married Charles Connett, 1733; Mary, 
Aug. 1723, and Barnabas, 16th Jan'y 1725, married 
Thankful Smith, May 16, 1754, and had Hannah, Fel). 
3, 1756 ; Thankful, March 29, 1759, and Barnabas, 
April 24, 1761. Jabez Bursley died in 1732, and 
names in his will all his eight children. Estate, 

VI. Joanna, born 29th Nov. 1684, married March, 1708-9, 
Nathan Crocker of Barnstable. 

VII. Joseph, born 29th Jan'y 1686-7, married Sarah 
Crocker, Nov. 7, 1712, and had Joseph, who married 
Dec. 20, 1739, Bethia Fuller, and had John, Nov. 1, 
1741, grandfather of the present Mr. Charles H. 
Bursley; Bethia, born March 2, 1743: Lemuel, 
March 2, 1745, father of the present Mr. Joseph 


Bursley of Barnstable ; Sarah, born Oct. 24, 1748 ; 
Abigail, Oct. 23, 1750, and Joseph, 27th March, 

Joseph Bursley, Sen'r., also had Lemuel, §th Sept. 
1718, and Mercy, 10th July, 1721, married May 22, 
1757, John Goodspeed. 

VIII. Abigail, born 27th Aug. 1690, married Nath'l Bod- 
fish, March 10, 1713. 

IX. Elizabeth, born 5th Aug. 1692, married Nov. 28, 
1723, Jon. Crocker. 

X. Temperance, born 3d Jan'y 1695. She was of feeble 
health, and died unmarried Sept. 20, 1734. 

John Bursley, 2d, bequeathed to his son Joseph the 
ancient house then appraised, with the house lot, at £240, 
and all the easterly half of the estate. John Bursley, 2d, 
owned at his death in 1726, the same real estate that;his 
father did in 1660, with the addition of shares in the com- 
mons, to which his father was also entitled. The estate was 
appraised at £115.5 in 1660, and in 1727, £3.l37.13'.lO. 
Presuming that each had the same proportional amount of 
personal estate, these appraisals shovv a rapid appreciation 
of value during the 68 years. After allowing for the depre- 
ciation of the currency, £115.5 in 1660, if the appraisal was 
in sterling money, would be about 520 ounces of silver, and 
if in lawful money 384 ounces. In 1727, an ounce of silver 
was worth 17 shillings, and £, was equal to 
3.486 ounces of silver. 



In the list of those who were able to bear arms in 
Barnstable, in 1643, is the name of Eichard Berry. It is 
not slanderous to say the son is a better man than the father, 
or that the daughter is a better woman than the mother. 
This remark applies to Eichard Berry and his wife Alice. 
They did not sustain good characters, but their children 
followed not in their footsteps. He did not reside long in 
Barnstable. He probably removed to Boston in 1647, and 
thence to Yarmouth where his large family of children were 

Oct. 29, 1649, Berry accused Teague Jones of Yar- 
mouth, of the crime of sodomy, and Jones was put under 
heavy bonds for his appearance at the March term of the 
Court to answer. At that Court Berry confessed that he 
had borne false witness against Jones, and for his perjury 
was whipped at the post in Plymouth. 

His wife Alice was a thievish woman, and husband and 
wife were well matched. May 3, 1653, she was presented 
for stealing a neckcloth from the wife of William Pierce of 
Yarmouth ; at the June Court for stealing bacon and eggs 
from Mr. Samuel Arnold; at the March Court, 1654-5, for 
stealing from the house of Benjamin Hammond a woman's 
shift and a piece of pork, and at the following Court in 


June for thievishly milking the cow of Thomas Phelps* of 
Yarmouth. For the latter olfence she was fined ten shillings, 
"or, refusing to pay, then to sit in the stocks at Yarmouth 
an hour the next training day." This is a sufficient specimen 
of her character, and it is unnecessary to trace it farther. 

It would, however, be unjust to the wife to say nothing 
more respecting the husband. Richard, notwithstanding his 
humiliating confession that he had sworn falsely, and his 
visit to the whipping-post, continued to live on excellent 
terms with his friend Teague at Doctor's Weir, near the 
mouth of Bass Eiver. The Court, however, thought differ- 
entl3\ and caused them "to part their uncivil living togeth- 
er." In March, 1663, he was fined forty shillings for playing 
cards ; but at the March Court following, the fine was re- 
mitted. In 1668, Zachary Rider, the first born of the 
English in Yarmouth, complained that Berry had stolen his 
axe, and the matter was referred "to Mr. Hinckley and Mr. 
Bacon to end it at home." Richard, notwithstanding his 
vicious propensities, went to meeting on the Sabbath days 
carrying with him his pipe and tinder-horn. One Sabbath, 
during "the time of exercise," he and others, instead of 
listening to tfee exhortations of the preacher, seated them- 
selves "at the end of Yarmouth Meeting House," and 
indulged in smoking tobacco. For this ofi"ence he and his 
companions were each mulcted in a fine of five shillings, at 
the March Court in 1669. 

Richard Berry died Sept. 7, 1681, having at the time 
of his death a house therein , though he had in early times 
been forbidden to erect a cottage in Yarmouth. In his old 
age he lived a better life, was admitted a townsman of Yar- 
mouth, and his wife became respectable. They were very 
poor, and having a large family, it was very difficult for them 
to provide the necessaries of life. They thought it less 
criminal to steal than to starve. Necessity may palliate dis- 

*This name should perhaps be Thomas Philips, who was an early 
settler in Yarmouth. He is not named by Mr. Savage, and I have been 
unable to find much respecting him. His wife's name was Agnesse or 
Annis. In 1665, he was find ten shillings for lying. A woman supposed 
to be his daughter, was found dead in the wreck of a boat at Duxburj', 
Dec. 6, 1673. He died in 1674, leaving an estate appraised at £61.0.3. a 
widow and eight children then surviving. In 1678, Hugh Stewart, the 
administrator, had liberty to sell the house and land belonging to the 
estate of Thomas Philips, deceased, and it wovild appear from the mode 
of expression employed, that the family had then removed. 


honest acts, but it cannot justify. Anotlier consideration 
may be named ; as soon as their children were able to con- 
tribute something by their labors for the support of the 
family, no more is heard of the thievish prope-isities of hus- 
band or wife. 

He had eleven children born in Yarmouth, but the 
record is imperfect, most of the names being torn off and 
lost. The dates remain. John, born 29th March, 1652': 
one, 11th July, 1654 ; Elizabeth, 5th March, 1656 ; one, 
12th May, 1659; one, 23d Aug. 1662; one, IBth Oct. 
1663 ; one, 5th Oct. 1668 ; one, 1st June, 1670 ; one, 31st 
Oct. 1673, one, 12th Dec. 1677, and one other. It is prob- 
able that five of the above died before July, 1676. I judge 
so from a mutilated record under the entry of the births. 
He certainly had sons John, Richard, Samuel, Nathaniel, 
who died Feb. 7, 1793-4, and Joseph, who died in 1686, 
and a daughter Elizabeth, who married Josiah Jones, 28th 
Nov. 1677. 

John Berry was a resident of Yarmouth ; he was a 
soldier in King Philip's war, and died in 1745, aged 93. 
In his will he names his children Judah, Ebenezer, 
Elizabeth, who married Samuel Baker, July 30, 1702 ; 

Experience, who married Bangs, and Mary, who 

married Isaac Chase, July 23, 1706. 

Samuel Berry, son of Kichard, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of John Bell, and had six children born in Yar- 
mouth, viz : A daughter, born Jan'y 19, 1682; Elizabeth, 
Dec. 21, 1684; Patience, June 22, 1687; John, July 9, 
1689; Samuel, Nov. 1691, and Desire, June 29, 1694. 
The father died Feb. 21, 1703-4. 

Note. — A friend for whose opiuioii I iiave a high respect, reproves me 
for speaking so plainlj^ of the faults of those whose biography I write. 
In the common intercourse of life, [ admit that it is a good rule to saj- 
nothing, when you cannot speak well of a man. Such a rule does not 
apply to the writer of history. Shall all that is said in the Bible respect- 
ing Judas Iscariot and other vile persons be stricken out? Shall the 
name of Nero and of Benedict Arnold cease to appear in history? Shall 
the name of Judge JeftVies be hereafter chronicled among the saints? — 
What if a man's blood "has crept through scoundrels ever since the 
flood," is he to blame? Is it not meritorious in him to have controlled a 
constitutional predisposition to do wrong? I know prudes will condemn, 
and the very discreet object, yet their objecting or condemning does not 
relieve the writer of history from telling the whole truth. 


From these two sons of Richard, John and Samuel, 
)joth of whom sustained good characters and were useful 
citizens, the numerous families of the name of Berry on the 
Cape appear to descend. As it is not a Barnstable name I 
shall not trace the family farther. Among the descendants 
of Richard, are many active and successful business men, 
and shipmasters, and they probably would not have suc- 
ceeded any better in the world if their ancestor had been 
one of the most pious and distinguished among the Pilgrim 



Jan'y 25th, 1634-5, Henry Bourne joined the chnrch of 
Mr. Lothrop at Scituate. The suppositions of Rev. Mr. 
Deane, respecting his family and relatives, appear to he 
mistakes. He says, Eichard of Sandwich, was his hrother ; 
l)ut 1 find no evidence that he was a relative of the pastor of 
the church at Marshpee. He supposes John of Marshfield, 
to be his son. John was a son of Thomas, and it does not 
appear that he was connected with Henry. 

He settled at first in Scituate. His wife Sarah was 
dismissed from the church in Hingham to that of Scituate, 
Nov. 11, 1638, and it is probable that he was married al)out 
that time. He bought in 1637 or 8, the dwelling-house of 
Richard Foxwell, the eleventh built in that town. 

He was admitted a freeman of Plymouth Colony, Jan'y 
2, 1637-8 ; on the grand jury in 1638, '41, '42, '46, '56, "58 
and '61 ; deputy to the Colony Court from Barnstable in 
1643 and '44, and surveyor of highways in 1655. At the 
March Court, 1641, he was a witness against John Bryant 
and Daniel Pryor of Barnstable, on a complaint for "drink- 
ing tobacco on the highway." 

He removed with Mr. Lothrop's Church to Barnstable 
in 1639. His house lot was the second west from Coggin's 
Pond, now called Great Pond.* His house stood on the 

* Coggin's IJond was afterwards called Hinckley's Pond, now Great 
Pond — a very indefinite name. Cooper's or Nine Mile Pond is also 
called Great Pond. T would suggest tiiat the old name be revived. No 
objection can be urged against it ; it is definite, and is the name by wliich 
it was known by our ancestors. 


north side of the road. The ancient house linown as 
"Brick John Hinckley's," taken down a few years since, 
stood near the location of Bourne's house. 

Henry Bourne was a large land holder. In 1654, he 
owned eight acres on the north of Coggin's Pond, bounded 
westerly by the marsh, northerly by the Calves Pasture and 
easterly by the land of Thomas Hinckley ; and five acres of 
salt meadow adjoining the same. His house lot on which 
he built his hoxise contained eight acres of upland, with 
three acres of marsh adjoining ; bounded on the east by the 
land of the heirs of Henry Coggin, southerly by the com- 
mons, west by the land of James Hamblin, and north by 
the Main Creek or Harbor. The house lot extended across 
the highway. The three acres was called "Bourne's Hill," 
and as it was bounded westerly by his house lot, must have 
been the hill west of the house of the late Robinson Hinck- 
ley. He also owned two acres in the Calves pasture 
adjoining his lot at Coggin's Pond, bounded northeasterly 
by the highway, called Calves Pasture Lane ; three acres on 
the south side of the road, near the present railroad crossing ; 
ten acres of upland in the woods on the west of Pine Hill, 
and six acres of marsh at Scorton. 

In May, 1659, his great lot was assigned to him, and is 
thus described on the records : "Forty acres of upland more 
or less, bounded northerly by ye lands of Henry Coggin's 
heirs ; southerly by Dolar Davis, butting easterly by ye 
Indian Pond, westerly by ye commons, with an acre of 
marsh more or less adjoyning to it." 

"One acre of upland at Scorton, bounded southerly by 
his own marsh, westerly by John Chipman, easterly by 
John Coggin's upland." 

I do not find the record of the death of Henry Bourne, 
or his will. He was living in 1661, but at the time of the 
settlement of Mr. Jonathan Eussell in Sept. 1683, he had 
deceased. An entry on the Church records, Jan'y 28, 
1684-5, refers to him as "late deceased." I am, however, 
inclined to the opinion that he had then been dead several 
years. His widow Sarah was living in Sept. 1683 ; but 
died soon after that date. 

Henry Bourne had a still-born daughter born 7th May, 
1641, and a daughter Dorcas, bap'd 26th Aug. 1649, but 
the latter does not appear to have survived long. 


It seems by an entry in the Church records, that he 
made a will, and gave a legacy to the Barnstable Church. 
£6.13. was paid to Mrs. Bourne before her death, and 
the balance, which was to be paid by Thos. Huckins, Jr., 
and John Phinney, was remitted to Thomas Huckins, 
excepting £5, which was paid to the deacons of the church. 



Joseph Benjamin, son of John, of Watertown, married 
10th June, 1661, Jemimah, daughter of Thomas Lumbert 
of Barnstable. He settled in Yarmouth before 1670, on a 
farm near the meadows, on the north of the Miller farm. — 
He owned an estate in Cambridge, which he sold 30th Oct. 
1686. In 1680, he exchanged his farm in Yarmouth for 
that of Joseph Gorham in Barnstable, now owned by Naihan 
Edson. He removed to New London, Conn., where he died 
in 1704, leaving a widow, Sarah, and seven children. The 
births of his children were recorded in Yarmouth, but the 
record is torn and imperfect. He had Abigail ; Joseph, 
1666; Hannah, Feb. 1668, not living in 1704; Mary, born 
April, 1670, married John Clark, 16th Nov. 1697, who was 
a schoolmaster; Mercy, born March 12th, 1674; Elizabeth, 
born Jan'y 14th, 1679-80, not living in 1704; John, born 
1682, and Jemimah, Sarah and Kezia named in the settle- 
ment of his estate. 

"The admirable, accurate and precise," record of the 
sattlement of his estate, dated in 1704, says his son Joseph 
was aged 30 ; John, 22 ; and Abigail, Jemima, Sarah, 
Kezia, Mary and Mercy were all aged tv)enty years. Six at 
one birth if the New London record is deserving of credit. 



Eespecting the ancestors of Israel Butler, I have no 
information. He married July 1, 1725, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Thomas Blossom ; she died Jan'y 7, 1734-5, aged 29, and 
he married for his second wife, Oct. 29, 1735, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Daniel Parker, Bsq. She died in 1745, aged 35. — 
Children of Israel Butler born in Barnstable. 

Children born in Barnstable. 

I. Nathaniel, born April 11, 1726, 9 o'clock, P. M. 

II. Benjamin, Dec. 18, 1727, sunset. 

III. Elizabeth, June 6, 1720, 12 at noon. 

IV. Sarah, Oct. 31, 1732, P. M. 

V. James, Dec. 15, 1736, 6 at night. 

VI. Hannah, May 11, 1738. 

VII. Mary, Sept. 26, 1739. 

VIII. Daniel, Feb. 23, 1740-1. 

This was a Sandwich and Falmouth name. There was 
a family of the name in Harwich. It is said that General 
Butler is a descendant of the Cape family. 



There was a John Bates in Barnstable in 1666 ; perhaps 
only a temporary resident. He had a fight with William 
Borden, the latter being drunk at the time, came off second 
best. Bates was condemned to pay Borden twenty shillings 
for abuse, and three shillings and four pence to the Court 
for breach of the peace. Borden was fined five shillings for 
being drunk, and three shillings and four pence for the 
breach of the peace. 

The present family in Barnstable are descendants of 
another John Bates, who, by his wife Abigail, had eight 
children born in Barnstable, viz. : Susannah, born July 15, 
1739 ; Samuel, March 7, 1741-2 — died twenty-one days 
after; John, Jan'y 10, 1742-3; Job, Feb. 3, 1745-6; 
Mehitable, Feb. 19, 1748-9 ; Thomas, March 17, 1750-1 ; 
Samuel, Sept. 27, 1754, and Seth, March 7; 1758-9. 



John Bryant, house carpenter, was of Barnstable in 
1640. He married in 1648, Mary, daughter of George 
Lewis, for his first wife. He returned to Scituate and was 
an active and useful man, much employed in the division of 
lands, and other public business. In 1657, he married his 
second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Eev. William Witherell, 
and in 1664, Mary, daughter of Thomas Hiland. By his 
first wife he had seven, and by his third, ten children. 


Two of this name were of the first settlers. William, 
admitted a freeman of the Massachusetts Colony, Nov. 2, 
1637, and of new Plymouth, Dec. 3, 1639. He came from 
Scituate to Barnstable. He was the first constable, having 
been appointed June 4, 1639, O. S., the day the town was 
incorporated. He married Nov. 28, 1639, at Sandwich, a 
sister of the Rev. Marmaduke Matthews of Yarmouth. It 
does not appear by the record that he had any family. A 
still-born child of his was buried May 7, 1641. 

His house lot, containing six acres of upland more or 
less, was bounded easterly by Mr. Linnell's, westerly by 
Tristram Hull's, southerly by the highway, and northerly by 
the marsh. He had one acre of meadow at the north end, 
butting northeasterly on the harbor. He sold a part of his 
house lot to Hon. Barnabas Lothrop about the year 1658. 

William Casely was a man who had received a good 
education, — had some knowledge of Latin, had perhaps 
studied law, and was employed by the first settlers to draw 
legal instruments. He was a member of Mr. Lothrop's 
Church, but the date of his admission does not appear. 
Thus far he has a clean record. He was a vain, self-con- 
ceited, vulgar fellow. Common decency forbids stating 
particulars. He was excommunicated from the Church, 
Sept. 5, 1641, and among other reasons which I omit, he is 
charged with being "much given to Idleness, and too much 
to jearing" — "observed alsoe by some to bee somewhat 
proud." The sentence of excommunication was pronounced 
by Rev. Mr. Mayo. The record adds : "William Carsely 
took it patiently.'' 


John Carsely was also one of the first settlers, and it has 
been supposed that he was a brother of William. I find no 
evidence that such was the fact. He came from Scituate. 
He was unlearned, not a church member, and his record is 
not creditable to him. March 1, 1661-2, he and his wife 
Alice were presented "for fornication in unlawfully com- 
panying before their marriage." John was condemned to 
be whipped, and Alice to set in the stocks while the punish- 
ment was inflicted ; all of which was duly performed June 
7, 1642. He was fined three shillings and four pence, 
March 6, 1665-6, for a breach of the public peace. 

His house lot contained four acres. The southwest 
corner of his lot was near "the prison," there being a nar- 
row strip of common land between it and the road now 
known as Jail Lane. The northwest corner of Carsely's lot 
was at the southwest corner of Mr. John Lothrop's orchard 
in 1703. On the north it was bounded partly by the hill 
"against the highway," and partly by the swamp, the north- 
east corner stake standing south of James Paine's shop. On 
the east it was bounded partly by Mr. Linnell's land litid 
partly by Richard Child's land, the eastern boundary being 
in 1708 in the range of Wid. Abigail Sturgis' barn. On the 
south it was bounded by common land, afterwards 
granted partly to Mr. Linnell, and three-fourths of an acre 
near the Jail to John Otis. In 1661, four acres in addition 
were granted to him, bounded north by Mr. Linnell, east 
by Joseph Lothrop,* south and west by the commons. 

* It it erroneously stated in the account of the lots purchased by Mr. 
Thomas AUyn, that Capt. Samuel Hayo bought the lot between Bev. Mr. 
Mayo's and Tristram Hull's lot, of .John Casely. When I wrote that article, 
I had not read the proprietor's records. The descriptions are very indefi- 
nite, but a comparison of the records of lots in the vicinity of John 
Casely's house lot has been made, and the description above given I 
think is reliable. This tract of land containing eight acres was above 
the "poly pod swamp," and extended forty rods east and west and 
thirty-two rods north and south, and was bounded west by John Casely, 
and east by James Naybor's land. The latter was bounded east by tlie 
highway, — probably the road into the woods east of the old Sturgis tav- 
ern. It would seem from this investigation that the ancient road fol- 
lowed the present road from the Jail to Capt. Wilson's house, then turn- 
ing to the south to the head of Capt. Joseph Lothrop's land, then followed 
the south edge of the swamp and joined the present road, near the house 
of the late Capt. .Joshua Loriiig. This view of the matter makes the rec- 
ord of the laying out of the road in 1686 intelligible. On reaching Capt. 
Lothrop's land, instead of turning to the southeast they turned to the 
north, through his land over a private causeway across the swamp which 
was narrow at that place. 


Twenty acres were also granted to him on the west of the 
land of James Chighorn, whioh he sold 20th April, 1675, to 
Joshua Lumbert for £7. 

He married twice ; first, in 1642, to Alice — ' , and 

second, Sarah . He died in 1693, and his widow 

married Samuel Norman. There is no record of his family. 
In the settlement of his estate on the probate records, his 
children John, Benjamin, Sarah, who married Elisha Smith, 
April 20, 1719, are named; John, Jr., removed to Yar- 
mouth where he died Jan'y 13, 1705-6. 

Benjamin Casely married March 4, 1713-14, Mary 
Godfrey of Yarmouth. 

John Casely married May 17, 1739, Dorcas Hamblin, 
and had children born in Barnstable, namely : 

Children born in Barnstable. 

I. John, born Feb. 14, 1740. 

H. Ebenezer, born Aug. 12, 1744. 

HI. Mary, born May 23, 1749. 

IV. Seth, born Feb. 21, 1751. 

V. Isaac, born July 10, 1753. 

VI. Dorcas, born July 8, 1755. 

VII. Eunice, born Sept. 19, 1759. 

Benjamin Casely, Jr., married Nov. 29, 1739, Huldah 
Hinckley, and had children, namely : 

I. Ambrose, June 19, 1741. 

II. Benjamin, March 9, 1743. 

III. Thomas, Feb. 14, 1745 ; lost with Capt. Magee, Dec. 
27, 1778. 

IV. Lemuel, Nov. 17, 1747. 

V. Samuel, Dec. 3, 1749. 

VI. Haanah, Dec. 2, 1750. 

VII. Mehitabel, Jan'y 8, 1758. 

VIII. David, March 15. 

Lemuel, son of Benjamin, Jr., had a family, the last of 
the name in Barnstable. 

It is a fact worthy of note that of the forty-five first 
comers to Barnstable, who were heads of families, proprie- 
tors, and regularly admitted townsmen, prior to January 5, 
1643-4, there were only four who did not sustain good moral 
characters, and whose lives were not in accordance with the 
religion which they professed. These four were John Crocker, 


William and John Casely, and Thomas Shaw, neither of 
whom have any male descendants in the town or county of 
Barnstable. John Crocker's crime was committed before he 
came to Barnstable, and strictly cannot be charged as the 
act of a Barnstable man. The charges against William 
Casely were not criminal, and did not subject him to any 
legal punishment. Though educated, he was a vulgar man, 
and though a professor of religion, he did not live a Chris- 
tian life. He was weak-minded, vain, frivolous, and com- 
mitted acts that gentlemen are ashamed to have laid to their 
charge. The sentence of ex-communication pronounced 
against him was a righteous one ; and though he continued 
to reside in Barnstable, he sunk into merited ignominy. — 
The crime for which John Casely was punished is not stated, 
and as the laws are now administered he would not be held 
liable in the manner he was two centuries ago. 

The complaint against Thomas Shaw was that he went 
into the house of his neighbor, John Crocker, on the Sab- 
bath, and helped himself to something to eat. It was not a 
justifiable act, neither was it very criminal. (See Matthew, 
Chap, xii : 1 to 6.) 

In these three short paragraphs I have given an abstract 
of the criminal calender of a generation of men, the first set- 
tlers, the ancestors of nineteen-twentieths of the present 
inhabitants of Barnstable. If a parallel can be found in the 
annals of any of our towns, I am not aware of it. 



Ralph Chapman came in the Elizabeth from London in 
1635. His age is stated in the Custom House return to be 
20. He was a ship carpenter of Southwalk, in Surry, near 
London. He settled first in Duxbury, and there married 
23d Nov. 1642, Lydia Wells, a daughter of Isaac, after- 
wards of Barnstable.* His children were Mary, born 31st 
Oct. 1643 ; Sarah, 15th May, 1645 : Isaac, Aug. 4, 1647 ; 
Lydia, born and died 26th Nov. 1649 ; Ealph, 20th June, 
1653, died next month, and Ralph again. His daughter 
Mary married 14th May, 1666, William Troop of Barnsta- 
ble, and Sarah married William Norcut of Yarmouth, after- 
wards of Eastham. His son Ralph of Marshfield, had a son 
John reputed to be 104 years of age at his death. The 
elder Ralph died at Marshfield in 1671, aged 56. 

Isaac Chapman, son of Ralph, settled in Barnstable. 
He married Sept. 2, 1678, Rebecca, daughter of James 
Leonard. His house and shop stood on the south side of 
the County road on the lot formerly owned by Isaac Wells, 
a short distance west of the Court House. Children born in 

(Jhildren born in Barnstable. 

I. Lydia, 15th Dec. 1679. 

II. John, 12th May, 1638. 

III. Hannah, 26th Dec. 1682, died July 6, 1689. 

* Mr. Savage says Lydia Wills or Willis. I read the record Wells; 
but cannot at this moment give the authority for saying she was a 
daughter of Isaac Wells of Barnstable. Isaac Chapman and John Miller 
of Yarmouth, were heirs to the estate of Margaret, widow of Isaac 
Wells. It may be that Ralph Chapman's wife was not a daughter, but 
it is jji-obable. 


IV. James, 5th August, 1685, married Aug. 14, 1723, 
Mehitabel Sharp. 

V. Abigail, 11th July, 1687. 

VI. Hannah, 10th April, 1690. 

VII. Isaac, 29th Dec. 1692. 

VIII. Ealph, 19th Jan'y, 1695. 

IX. Eebecca, 1st June, 1697. 

Isaac Chapman removed to Yarmouth, now Dennis, 
with his family where he has descendants. His son Isaac, 
by his wife Elizabeth, had Isaac, 7th April, 1711 ; Mary, 
6th June, 1713 ; Rebecca, 14th Nov. 1725, died Dec. 30, 
1726 ; Samuel, 14th Nov. 1727 ; Eebecca, 25th June, 1730 ; 
Ruth, 13th April, 1733 ; Micah, 18th July, 1735. 

Ralph Chapman, son of Isaac, by his wife Elizabeth, 

had John, born 22d , 1728-9 ; Betty, 15th Oct. 1736, 

and David, 15th Nov. 1739. 

NOTB.^ — ^As this" is not a Barnstable family, I have not carefully ex- 
amined the Yarmouth or the Probate Records. Persons interested can 
find materials for a full geneaology of the family. 



Elder John Cliipman is probably the ancestor of all of the 
name of Chip man in the United States and British Provinces. The 
following statement, drawn up by himself, is printed from an an- 
cient copy of the original in the possession of the family of the 
late Mr. Samuel Chipman of Sandwich. An incorrect copy was 
published in the Genealogical Register of 1860. The following 
has been carefully collated with the manuscript, and is a true tran- 
script thereof, excepting four words, which are repetitions and 
erased in the manuscript. Interlineations are prirlted in italics. 

A Brief Declaration in Behalf of Jno. CMpinan of Barnstable. 

A Brief Declaration with humble Request (to whom these 
Presents shall come) for further Inquiry & Advice in ye behalf of 
John Chipman, now of Barnstable in the Government of New Pli- 
mouth in New England In America, being ye only Son & Heir of 
Mr. Thomas Chipman Late Deceased at Brinspittell 1 about five 
miles from Dorchester in Dorsetshire in England concerning some 
certain Tenement or Tenements with a Mill & other Edifice there- 
unto belonging Lying & 'being in Whitchurch of Marhwood vale 
near Burfort alias Breadport, in Dorsetshire aforsd hertofore 
worth 40 or 50 Pounds pr Annum which were ye Lands of ye sd 
Thomas Chipman being entailed to him & his Heirs for Ever but 
hath for Sundry years Detained from ye sd John Chipman the 
right & only Proper Heir thereunto. By reason of Some kinde of 
Sale made of Inconsiderable value by the sd Thomas (In the time 
of his Single Estate not then minding marriage) unto his kinsman 
Mr. Christopher Derbe Living Sometime in Sturtle near Burfort 
aforsd being as the Said John hath been Informed, but for 40 lb 
And to be maintained Like a man with Diet Apparel &c by the 
sd Christopher as Long as the sd Thomas Should Live whereat ye 
Lawyer wc. made the Evidences being troubled at his Weakness 
in taking Such an Inconsiderable Price tendered him to Lend him 
money or to give to him ye sd Thomas Seven Hundred Pounds for 
ye sd Lands. But yet the matter Issuing as Aforsd The Vote of 
the Country who. had It nowledge of it was that the sd Thomas had 


much wrong in it Especially After it pleased God to change his 
condition, and to give him Children, being turned off by the sd 
Christopher only with a poor Cottage and Garden Spott instead of 
his forsd Maintainance to the great wrong of his Children Espec- 
ially of his Son John Aforsd to whom ye Sd Lands by right of En- 
tailment did belong Insomuch that mr William Derbe who had the 
sd Lands in his Possession then from his father Christopher Derbe 
told the sd John Chipman (being then a youth) that his father 
Christopher had done him wrong, but if ye sd Lands prospered 
with him that he would then consider the sd John to do for him in 
way of recompence for the Same when he should be of capacity in 
years to make use thereof. The sd John fm-ther declareth that 
one mr Derbe A Lawyer of Dorchester (he supposes ye father of 
that mr Derbe now Living in Dorchester) being a friend to the 
mother of the sd John told her being Acquainted with ye Business 
and sorry for' the Injury to her Heir, that if it pleased God he 
Liv'd to be of Age he would himself upon his own charge make a 
tryal for the recovery of it, and in case he recovere it Shee Should 
give him 10 lb Else he would have nothing for his trouble and 
charge. Furthermore John Derbe late deceased of Yarmouth in 
New Plimouth -Government Aforsd hath acknowledged here to 
the sd John Chipman that his father Christopher had done him 
much wrong in the forsd Lands but ye sd John Chipman being but 
in a poor and mean outward condition, hath hitherto been Afraid 
to stir in it as thinking he should never get it from ye rich and 
mighty, but being now Stirred up by some friends as Judging it 
his Duty to make more Effectual Inquiry after it for his own com- 
fort his wife and childrens which God hath been pleased to bestow 
on him if any thing may be done therein, & in what way it may be 
attained, whether without his coming over which is mostly Desired 
if it may bee. Because of exposing his wife & children to Some 
Straits in his Absence from them, he hath therefore, Desired these 
as aforsd Desiring also Some Search may be made for farther 
Light in ye case into the Records the conveyance of the Said 
Lands being made as he Judgeth about threescore years Since as 
Also that Enquiry be made of his Sisters which he supposeth 
lived about those parts & of whom else it may be thought meet, 
and Advice sent over as Aforsd, not Else at present But hoping 
that there be Some Left yet in England alike Spirited with him in 
29 Job whom the Ear that heareth of may bless God for Deliver- 
ing ye poor that crieth and him that hath no helper Bein Eyes to 
the blind feet to the Lame A father to the Poor Searching out ye 
causfe which he knoweth not, &c. Barnstable as Aforsd this 8th 
of Feb. (57.) John Chipman Desires his Love be presented to 
his Sisters Hannor and Tamson and to hear particularly from them 
if Living and doth further request that Enquiry be made of mr 
Oliver Lawrence of Arpittle who was an intimate friend of his 


fathers. He desires also Enquiry be made of his Sisters what 
those parchment writeings concerned in the custody of his mother 
when he was there. 

The sd John Chipman Supposeth his age to be About thirty 
seven years ; it being next may Twenty & one year Since he come 
out of England. 

On the 2d of March, 1641-2, Ann Hinde, the wife of William 
Hoskins, deposed before Gov. Edward Winslow, relative to a 
matter in controversy between John Derbey and John Chipman. 
She stated that she was then about 25 years of age, that she lived 
with Mr. Christopher Derbey at the time when John Chipman 
came to New England to serve Mr. Richard Derbey a son of 
Christopher, and a brother of John, that she afterwards came over 
to serve the said Richard, and that when she left, old Mr. Derbey 
requested her "to commend him to his cozen (nephew) Chipman, 
and tell him if he were a good boy, he would send him over the 
money that was due to him, when he saw good." She also testi- 
fied that she had heard John Derbey affirm that the money had 
been paid to John Chipman's mother, who died about three months 
before her old master sent this message by her to his nephew 
Chipman. The object of this deposition was to establish the fad 
that John Derbey did not pay the money to Chipmans's mother, 
because she died three months before Mr. Christopher Derbey 
made the promise to send it. 

John Chipman, only son of Mr. Thomas Chipman, was born 
in or near Dorchester in Dorcetshire, England, about the year 

1. Bi-inspittell or Brinspudel, Dorsetshire, is between Affpudel and 
the river Piddle. Dorsetshire, from the mildness of the air and the 
beauties of its situation has been termed the garden of England. 

2. Whitchurch, west of Bridport, a seaport town, is one of the largest 
parishes in the county. It has a large and ancient church in which are 
some antique ornaments. 

3. Marshwood, with its vale and park, four miles ST. W. of Whit- 
church, was formerly a barony of great honor. 

4. Burtport, or rather Hritport, called also Bridport and Britport, 
Dorsetshire. A seaport borough and market town in the hundred of 

0. Sturhill, Bridport Division, Godbertorne Hundred, Dorcetshire. 

6. Athpuddel in Dorcetshire. 

All the places named are-inDorcet County or shire England, as stated 
in an article in the Genealogical Register commnnteated by Rev. Richard 
M. Chipman. In the same article Mr. Chipman presumes that "Hannor" 
and "Tamson," the sisters of Elder John, are the names of their hus- 
bands. He reads the name of Tamson, Jamson ; and supposes Thomp- 
son was intended. This reading probably led to the error. Hannah 
and Tamson or Thomasine, are common names, and there seems to be no 
good reason to doubt that they were the Christian names of his sisters. 
The Declaration is dated Feb. 8, 1657, O. S., which is Feb. 18, 1658, N. S. ' 
Deduct 21 years, and it gives May, 1637, as the date of his leaving 
England. The date of his birth by the same rule is 1621. 


1621. He had two sisters Hannah and Tamson, -who married and 
remained in England. His father died early, and he i-esided with 
his uncle, Mr. Christopher Derbey. In May, 1637, Mr. Richard 
Derbey, a sou of Christopher, came to New England, bringing 
with him his cousin John, theu sixteen years of age, and others, 
in tlie capacity of servants. It was then customary to send over 
orphan youths of good habits, to be bound for a term of years, to 
the planters and other early settlers. Mr. Richard Derbey settled 
at Plymouth, where he remained several years ; but no mention is 
made of his cousin John till the spring of 1642, when he had 
arrived at legal age, and when he brought an action against his 
cousin, Mr. John' Derbey, for a sum of money sent to him by his 
uncle Christopher, and not paid over by said John Derbey. 
It is probable that during the four years that had intervened, he 
had served an apprenticeship with a carpenter. This is not cer- 
tain ; but it appears by his will that he was a carpenter, though in 
deeds he is styled a yeoman. 

In Aug. 1643, he was absent from the colony, or was sick 
and unable to bear arms ; but it appears that he was afterwards a 
resident of Plymouth. In 1646, he married Hope, second daugh- 
ter of Mr. John Howland. In 1G49, he was of Barnstable, and 
that year bought the homestead of Edward Fitzrandolphe, the 
original deed whereof is in my possession. The land has since 
been sub-divided many times, and is now owned by several indi- 
viduals. It was bounded on the north by the County road, east 
by the Hyannis road, extending across the present line of the rail- 
road, and was bounded south l)y the commons, and on the west 
by the homestead of George Lewis, Senr., and contained eight 
acres. The deed also conveyed a garden spot and orchard on the 
north side of the County road, now owned by Capt. Heman Foster. 
The ancient house on this estate stood between the present dwel- 
lings of the heirs of Anna Childs, deceased, and the house formerly 
owned by Isaiah L. Greene, Esq. How long he resided on this 
estate is not known. In 1659, it was owned and occupied by John 
Davis, Senr. Probably about this time he removed to Great 
Marshes. No lands are recorded as belonging to him in 1654,* 
when all were requked to have their possessions entered and de- 
scribed on the town books. He may have resided about that time 
in another town, though he was of Barnstable in 165!). He bought 
of his brother-in-law, Lieut. John Howland, one half of his farm 

* Perhaps he did own lands; but neglected to have them recorded. 
That he was not careful hi regard to his title docds there is evidence. 
His deed from Fitzrandolphe was not executed till 1669. twenty vfurs 
after the purchase, and the consideiatioii in his deed from Howl'aiid in- 
'dicates that the purchase was made many years before the date of tlie 
deed. Farms no better in the same vicinity were sold about that time 
for four times £16. 


which is now owned by his descendants. The deed is dated Dec. 
10, 1672, and for the consideration of £16 Mr. Howland conveys 
to him one-half of his lands in Barnstable, containing forty-five 
acres of upland. The deed is in the hand writing of Gov. Thom- 
as Hinckley, is on parchment, and is now in the possession of the 
family of Mr. Samuel Chipman of Sandwich. The lands sold 
were bounded, easterly, partly by the land of John Otis and partly 
by the land of William Crocker, northerly by the marsh, westerly 
by the other half of the lands not sold. The boundaries are par- 
ticularly described, and the range between Howland and Chipman 
ran over a well or spring, giving each a privilege thereto. Mr. 
Howland names his northern orchard, showing that at that early 
date he had set out two. Elder Chipman owned lands at West 
Barnstable before 1672, for in the same deed he makes an ex- 
change of meadow with his brother-in-law. After his second mar- 
riage in 1684 he removed to Sandwich. He was admitted an 
inhabitant of that town in 1679, but appears to have been in Barn- 
stable in 1682. His removal was deeply regretted by the people, 
and many efforts were unsuccessfully made to induce him to return 
to Barnstable. The church, though dissatisfied at his removal 
without their consent, agreed to pay him five or six pounds annu- 
ally, if he would resume his office of Elder, and the town voted 
to make him a liberal grant of meadow lands if he would return. 
These votes show that his services were appreciated by the mem- 
bers of the church, with which he had held communion nearly 
forty years, and that he was highly esteemed as a man and a 
christian by his fellow townsmen and neighbors. 

His connection with the Barnstable church was most happy. 
His wife Hope joined the chm'ch Aug. 7, 1650, and he joined 
Jan'y 30, 1652-3. "Henry Cobb and John Chipman were chosen 
and ordained to be ruling Elders of this same church, and- they 
were solemnly invested with office upon ye 14th day of April Anno 
Dom : 1670." [Church Records. 

It is probable that he was a deacon of the chm-ch before he 
was elected Elder. He survived Mr. Cobb many years, and was 
the last Ruling Elder of the chm-ch. Subsequently, attempts were 
made to revive the office. The question was frequently discussed 
at church meetings ; but a majority opposed another election. 

His talents and services in civil life were duly appreciated. 
In June, 1659, he and Isaac Robinson and John Smith of Barn- 
stable, and John Cook of Plymouth, were appointed by the Ply- 
mouth Colony Court to attend the meetings of the Quakers "to en- 
deavour to reduce them from the errors of their wayes." — The re- 
sult was that Robinson, whose name appears most prominent in 
these proceedings, recommended the repeal of the severe laws that 
had been enacted against that sect. Smith and Chipman did not 
incur the censure of the Court, thousfh there is no reason to doubt 


that they sympathized with Robinson in his views respecting the 
impolicy of those laws. 

In 1649 he was a freeman, and in 1652 he was a grand-juror, 
and appointed by the Treasurer of the Colony, a committee for 
the Town of Barnstable to receive 'the proportion of oil taken 
which belonged to the Colony ; in 1663, '4, '5, '8 and '9 he was 
representative from Barnstable to the Colony Court; in 1665, '6, 
'7, and '8 he was one of the selectmen of Barnstable, who at that 
time exercised, in addition to other duties, the functions since per- 
taining to justices of the peace; and in 1667 he was one of the 
council of war. For his public services the court in 1669 granted 
him one hundred acres of land, between Taunton and Titicut, 
which was afterwards confirmed to him. 

His will is dated at Sandwich, Nov. 12, 1702, and was proved 
May 17, 1708. In it he says : "I will and bequeath to Ruth, my 
dear and loving wife, all whatsoever is left of her estate, which I 
had with her when I married her. I also give her one half part of 
my whole personal estate which shall be found in Sandwich at my de- 
cease. Besides and moreover, all the carts plows and husbandry 
implements, as also all the corn meat, flax wool, yarn and cloth 
that is in the house at my decease, and I do give her twenty 
pounds in money which is due to her by ye compact made between 
us at our inter-marriage ; she according to sd compact, upon pay- 
ment of this twenty pounds to qnitt claim to all right and title and 
interest in my housing and lands att Barnstable, and this twenty 
pounds shall be paid her out of that money of mine in ye baud of 
my friend Mr. Jonathan Russell of Barnstable." 

He bequeathes to his sons Samuel and John his whole real 
estate in Barnstable, Samuel two parts and John one part, unless 
my son Samuel pay his brother John £70 in lieu of his third part. 
He gives his son Samuel his carpenters tools, then in his posses- 
sion. To his two grand children Mary Gale and Jabez Dimmock 
£5 apiece. He names his daughters, Elizabeth, Hope, Lydia, 
Hannah, Ruth, Bethia, Mercy and Desu-e. He appoints his sons 
Samuel and John executors, and Mr. Jonathan Russell and Mr. 
Rowland Cotton overseers. Witnesses, Rowland Cotton, Samuel 
Prince and Nathan Bassett. In the inventory of his estate, taken 
by Wm. Bassett and Shubael Smith, it stated that he died 7 April, 
1708. His real estate is not apprised. — Among the articles ap- 
prised is plate at 8 sh per ounce, £8.2. ; Cash, at 8 sh per ounce, 
£51.5.3. ; Bills of Credit, £6.6. ; Cash in Mr. Jonathan Russell's 
hands £20. 18 books, small and great, £1. 

The will of his widow Ruth is dated Dec. 7, 1710, proved 
Oct. 8, 1713. As she had no children living, she gave her estate 
to her relatives and friends. Of the Chipman family she names 
only Bathsheba, a daughter of Mr. JNIelatiali Bourne, and .Tabez 


Dimmock, both grand children of Elder Chipman. Family of El- 
der John Chipman : 

The births of twelve children of Elder Chipman are recorded ; 
one at Plymouth and eleven in Barnstable, Elizabeth is the only 
child named, older than Hope. In his will dated at Sandwich, 
Nov. 12, 1702, and proved May 17, 1708, he names sons Samuel 
and John, and daughters Elizabeth, Hope, Lydia, Hannah, Ruth, 
Mercy, Bethia and Desire. 

To his daughters, he gave half his moveable estate in 
Sandwich and Barnstable, excepting the articles given to Samuel, 
and he adds the following proviso : "And in case any of my said 
daughters be dead before their receiving this my bequest, my will 
is that their part be given and distributed equally to their surviv- 
ing children." Two of the daughters, Hannah and Ruth, were 
then dead, and it is probable that Bethia had also deceased. 

His first wife was Hope, second daughter of John Howland 
and EKzabeth Tiley. Until the discovery of Bradford's History 
in 1855, in the Library of the Bishop of London, it had been sup- 
posed that his first wife was a daughter of Gov. Carver. — She died in 
Barnstable and was buried in the ancient burying ground on Lo- 
throp's Hill. Her monument is in good preservation, and the fol- 
lowing is a copy of the inscription : 

Here lyeth 

Inteered ye Body of 

Mrs. Hope Chipman 

WIFE OF Elder John Chipman 




YE 8th of January 
16 83. 
He married for his second wife the Wid. Ruth Bourne. She 
was a daughter of Mr. William Sargeant, born in Charlestown 25 
Oct. 1642, married first, Jonathan, son of Josiah Win slow of 
Marshfield, second, Mr. Richard Bourne of Sandwich. She died 
in Sandwich in 1713, aged 71, leaving no issue. Elder John Chip- 
man died in Sandwich 7 April, 1708, aged 87 years. Children of 
Elder John Chipman : 

I. Elizabeth, born 24 June, 1 647 at Plymouth, baptized in Barn- 
stable, Aug. 18, 1650. Mrs. Hope Chipman was admitted 
to the church on the 7th of Aug. 1650, and Elder John 
Chipman Jan'y 30, 1652-3. Hope was baptized, according 
to Puritan usage, on the Sabbath next succeeding her birth, 
namely on the 5th of Sept. 1652, having been born on the 
31st of the preceeding August. — Elizabeth was the second 


wife of Hosea Joyce of Yarmouth. He married first Mar- 
tha, and had John and Dorcas. His wife Martha died 
April 3, 1670, and he married Elizabeth Chipman before 
1676, and had Samuel, June 1, 1676 ; Thomas, June 3, 
1678, and Mary, Sept. 19, 1680. The above is all that can 
now be obtained from the Yarmouth record, which is muti- 
lated and a part of the leaf gone. By his will it is ascer- 
tained that he had ten children, two by his first wife Mar- 
tha, and eight by his second wife Elizabeth Chipman. 1, 
John, married first, Margaret, daughter of John Miller, 
Feb. 5, 1701-2, and second, Esther, daughter of Jonathan 
White, Nov. 7, 1707. He died in 1714, leaving two daugh- 
ters. Desire and Fear. His widow married John Drake of 
Yarmouth, and removed to East Greenwich, R. I., about the 
year 1726 ; 2, Dorcas, married Aug. 8, 1695, Prince Howes 
of Yarmouth ; 3, Samuel, died unmarried in 1741, aged 65 ; 
4, Thomas, married March 19, 1719, Mary, daughter of 
Jeremiah Bacon- of Barnstable. He had one son Jeremiah 
a cripple, died unmarried in 1755, and five daughters noted 
for their beauty. He was a man of wealth, became 
melancholy, and from fear of starvation committed suicide 
20 April, 1743 ; 5, Mary, married James Gorham Sept. 29, 
1707, and had five children. The other children of Hosea 
Joyce were Hosea, whom his father cut off in his will by 
giving him his "small gun" ; Lydia who married Nov. 20, 

1706, Ebenezer Howes ; Martha, who married Godfrey ; 

Mehitable; and Dorothy who married Dec. 12, 1717, John 
Oats, an Englishman. His descendants write their name 
Otis, and reside principally in Maine. Hosea Joyce died in 
Feb. 1712, and his widow Elizabeth sm-vived him. He had 
a large landed estate, and in his will calls his wife "well 
beloved," though he appears to have loved his money 
better, for he gave her but a small portion of his estate. 
"The stille-borne maide childe of John Chipman buryed 
Sept. 9, 1650."— [Church Records. 
II. Hope, born August 31, 1652, in Barnstable, married Aug. 
10, 1670, John, son of Mr. Thomas Huckins of Barnstable, 
and had Elizabeth, 1 Oct. 1671 ; Mary, 3 April, 1673 ; Ex- 
perience, 4 June, 1675, and Hope, 10 May, 1677. John 
Huckins 'died 10 Nov. 1678, aged 28, and she married 
March 1, 1682.-3, Jonathon, son of Elder Henry Cobb of 
Barnstable, born 10 April, 1660. He was twenty-two and 
his wife thirty at the time of their marriage. By him she 
had five children born in Barnstable. June 3, 1703, she 
was dismissed from the Church in Barnstable, to the Church 
in Middleboro'. From that town the family removed to 
Portland, Maine. (See Cobb.) 


III. Lydia, born Dec. 25, 1654. She was the third wife of 
John, son of Mr. "William Sargeant of Barnstable, removed 
to Maiden, where she died March 2, 1730, aged 76, leaving 
no issue. 

IV. John, born 2d March, 1656-7, died 29th May, 1657. 

V. Hannah, born 14th Jan'y, 1658-9, married Thomas Huckins, 
May 1, 1680. She died in Barnstable, 4th Nov. 1696, aged 
37, leaving eight children. (See Huckins.) 

VI. Samuel, born 15th April, 1661. — He had ten children. Many 
of his sons were distinguished men. (See an account of his 
family below.) 

VII. Ruth, born 31st Dec. 1663-, married 7th April, 1682, Eleazer 
Crocker of Barnstable. She died 8th April, 1698, aged 34, 
leaving ten children. (See Crocker.) 

VIII. Bethia, born 1st July, 1666, married, as I have noted, Shu- 
bael Dimmock. The Jabez Dimmock and Mary G-ale named 
in the will of Elder Chipman were probably children of 
Bethia. She died early. Shubael Dimmock married 4th 
May, 1699, Tabitha Lothropf or his second wife. 

IX. Mercy, born 6th Feb., 1668, married Dea. Nathaniel Skiff, 
removed to Chilmark where she died. 

X. John, born 3d March, 1670-1. (See account of him below.) 

XI. Desire, born 26th Feb., 1673-4, married Hon. Melatiah 
Bourne of Sandwich, Feb. 23, 1696-6. She died March 28, 
1705, aged 31. (See Bourne, where her name in one place 
is erroneously printed Bethia, and in the same paragraph 
"Rev." before the name of Thomas Smith should be 

Dea. Samuel Chipman, son of Elder John Chipman, born in 
Barnstable, 15th April, 1661, inherited the homestead of his 
father. He was a carpenter ; but farming was his principal busi- 
ness. He kept a public house, and was a retailer of spirituous 
liquors, a business not then held to be incompatible with the office 
of Deacon of the chui'ch. He was a man of good business habits, 
often employed as a town officer, and there were few in town who 
stood higher than he in public estimation. He was ordained a 
deacon of the church in Barnstable, Sept. 1, 1706.* He married 
Dec. 27, 1686, Sarah, daughter of Elder Henry Cobb. He died 
in 1723, aged 63, and his widow Sarah Jan'y 8, 1742-3, aged 79 

Children of Dea. Samuel Chipman born in Barnstable. 
I. Thomas, born, 17th Nov., 1687. He removed to Groton, 

*After this date the custom of ordaining deacons appears to have been discontinued. 
The subject was discussed at several meetings of the Church, but a majority was not in fa- 
vor of reviving the custom. The deacons of the East Church, organized in 1725, were not 
ordained. Aug. 6, 1732, a church meeting was held to consider the propriety of reviving 
the office of Ruling Elder and ordaining deacons. Aug. 21, 1734, another meeting was 
held, which was not harmonious. 


Conn., where he remained several years, and from that town 
removed to Salisbury, Conn., where he held high rank in the 
town and county. He was appointed a judge in 1751 ; but 
* died before he held a court. His son, Samuel, who removed 
to Tinmouth, Vt., was the father of Chief Justice Nathaniel 
Chipman, L. L. D., and of the late Hon. Daniel Chipman of 
Vermont. (See Hinman, page 576.) 

II. Samuel, born Aug. 6, 1689. He was a deacon of the Barn- 
stable Church, and kept the "Chipman tavern," noted in 
former times. He married Dec. 8, 1715, Abiah, (bap'd 
Abigail) daughter of John Hinckley, Jr., (sou of G-ov. 
Thomas.) She died July 15, 1736, and he maj-ried second, 
Mrs. Mary Green of Boston, 1739. His children were, 1, a 
son born Aug. 1717, died 25th Aug. following ; 2, Hannah, 
born 1st July, 1719 ; 3, Samuel, born 21st November, 1721, 
removed to Groton, Conn., and had descendants in that 
vicinity; 4, Dea. Timothy, born 30th April, 1723, married 
Elizabeth Bassett of Sandwich, Jan'y 23, 1762. He was a 
deacon of the church in West Barnstable, and died Aug. 24, 

1770. His children were Abigail, Dec. 9. 1752, died young ; 
Samuel, May 8, 1754 ; Mary, Nov. 1, 1755 ; Abigail, again 
Jan'y 31, 1758, died young; William, Feb. 4, 1760; John, 
June 24, 1762 ; Timothy, May 6, 1764 ; and Elizabeth, Jan'y 
27, 1767, who died young. Ebenezer, 5th child of Dea. 
Samuel, born 9th of Sept., 1726, removed to Middletown, 
Conn., where he has descendants. John, sixth child of 
Dea. Samuel, born June 30, 1728, removed to Stratford, 
Conn., and thence to Middletown. Hinman says he has 
descendants residing at New Haven, Waterbury, &c. ; 7, 
Mary, daughter of Dea. Samuel, born 2d May, 1731, mar- 
ried March 11, 1750, Samuel Jenkins of Barnstable, and 
removed to Gorham, Maine. Mr. Charles H. Bursley has 
two interesting letters from her, and one from her husband 
after their removal. Her children born in Barnstable were, 
Josiah, Sept. 30, 1750; Deborah, Feb. 2, 1752; Abiah, 
Jan'y, 27, 1754; Samuel, Nov. 23, 1755 ; Mary, Jan'y 16, 
1758, and Joseph, June 6, 1760. The three sons were sol- 
diers in the Revolutionary army. Joseph died April 20, 
1783, near West Point, of consumption. He had been in 
the army two years. The other members of the family mar- 
ried and had families. Mr. Jenkins writing respecting his 
grand children, says "It seems to me they are the prettiest 
children that I see anywhere." Nathaniel, eighth child of 
Dea. Samuel was born 31st January, 1732-3 ; Joseph, ninth 
child, born 26th May, 1740, died July 4, 1740. 

III. John, born 16th Feb., 1691, graduated at Harvard College, 

1771, and ordained over the second church at Beverly, Dec. 


28, 1715. He married Feb. 12, 1718, Rebecca, daughter of 
Dr. Robert Hale. He died March 23, 1775. His son John, 
born Oct. 23, 1722, graduated at Harvard College 1738. He 
was a lawyer and resided at Marblehead. His son Ward, a 
graduate of Harvard College, 1770, was a Judge of the 
Supreme Court of New Brunswick, and died president of 
that province. He left an only child, the late Chief Justice 
Ward Chipman, L. L. D. 

IV. Abigail, born 15th Sept., 1692, she was baptised Oct. 30, 
1692, by the name of Mercy. Probably her name was 
changed to Abigail after her baptism. She married March 
14, 1713, Nath'l Jackson. 

V. Joseph, born 10th January, 1694, according to the town 
record. He was baptized March 4, 1692-3, so that both 
records cannot be accurate. 

VI. Jacob, born 30th Aug., 1695, married 25th Oct., 1721, Abi- 
gail Fuller, she died Oct. 5, 1724, and he married for his 
second wife in 1725, Bethia Thomas. He had children, 
Sarah, born Nov. 23, 1722, and Elizabeth, June 16, 1724, 
afterwards changed to Abigail. The latter married July 8, 
1742, Stephen Cobb. 

VII. Seth, born 24th Feb. 1697. In 1723 he was of Plymouth , 
and called a cooper. He was afterwards of Kingston, and 
is the ancestor of most of the name in Maine. 

VIII. Hannah, born 24th Sept., 1699, married Dec. 25, 1713, 
Barnabas Lothrop, Jr., his second wife, she died, June 11, 

IX. Sarah, born 1st November, 1701. She died July 1, 1715, 
aged 14 years and 8 months, and is buried near her grand- 
mother in the ancient burying ground. 

X. Barnabas, born 24th March, 1702. He was a deacon of the 
West Church, and was an influential citizen. He has de- 
scendants in Vermont, Michigan and Iowa. He married 
20th Feb., 1727-8, Elizabeth Hamblen and had 1, Barnabas, 
28th Dec, 1748, who married MaryBlackwell of Sandwich, 
in 1721, and had Martha, Sept. 4, 1752 ; Elizabeth, Feb. 8, 
1755 ; Joseph, May 14, 1758, deacon of the East Church ; 
Hannah, June 6, 1760; and Barnabas, Nov. 20, 1763; 2, 
Joseph, born 22d Dec. 1731 ; 3, Elizabeth, 12th May, 1734, 
she married Nov. 23, 1758, Nath'l Hinckley, 2d. ; 4, Thom- 
as, born 5th March, 1735-6, married Bethia Fuller of Col- 
chester in 1760, and had Timothy Fuller, Feb. 1, 1761 ; 
Isaac, Sept. 12, 1762, and Rebecca, Jan'y 26, 1764 ; 
Hannah, 20th Feb. 1737-8. 

John Chipman, son of Elder John, born in Barnstable, March 
3, 1670, was a cordwainer, or shoemaker. He removed early to 
Sandwich, and from thence to Chilmark, Martha's Vineyard, and 


afterwards to Newport, R. I. During his residence at Martha's 
Vineyard he was one of the Justices of the Court, and after his 
removal to Newport, he was an assistant to the governor. Ee- 
specting him I have little information ; but it is just to infer that 
if a poor mechanic rises to places of honor and trust, he must be 
a man of some talent and of sound judgement. He was thrice 
married. First, in 1691, to Mary Skeffe, a daughter of Capt. 
Stephen. She died in 1711, aged 40. Second, in 1716, to Widow 
Elizabeth Russell, her third marriage. She was a daughter 

of Capt. Thomas Handley,, and married first, Pope. Third 

in 1725, to (Hannah ?) Hookey of R. I. His thirteen childi'en 
were probably all born in Sandwich. 

I. John, died young. 

II. James, born 18th Dec, 1694. 

III. John, born 18th Sept. 1697, married Hannah Fessenden of 
Cambridge, Sept. 26, 1726. 

IV. Mary, born Dec. 11, 1699. 

V. Bethia, twin sister of Mary, married Samuel Smith, Oct. 
6, 1717. 

VI. Perez, 28th Sept., 1702, is the ancestor of the Delaware, 
Carolina and Mississippi families of the name. 

VII. Deborah, 6th Dec, 1704. 

VIII. Stephen, 9th June, 1708. 

IX. Lydia, twin sister of Stephen. 

X. Ebenezer, 13th Nov., 1709. He married Mary ■ , 

resided at Falmouth where his son John was born April 10, 
1733, afterwards of Barnstable, where he had Ebenezer. 

XI. Handley, 31st Aug., 1717. He removed with his father to 
Chilmark, thence to Providence, R. I., and in 1761 to 
Cornwallis, N. S. He was a distinguished man, and his 
descendants are numerous and respectable. 

XII. Rebecca, 10th Nov. 1719. 

XIII. Benjamin. 

Few families are more widely disseminate than this. Elder 
Chipman had eleven children and eighty-two grand-children, near- 
ly aU of whom married and had families. The Rev. K. M. 
Chipman has for several years been employed in compiling a gen- 
ealogy of the family, extending to the ninth generation. — Want 
of funds has prevented him from publishing. No harm will result 
from the delay. It will give him an opportunity to correct some 
important mistakes into which he has fallen, and from which no 
genealogist can claim exemption. 

The manuscript of the "Declaration" of John Chipman, from 
which we copy is not, as has been supposed, an original document 
in the handwriting of the Elder. It is in the hand writing of John 
Otis, Esq., an elder brother of Col. James, born thirty years after 


the date of the Declaration. Notwithstanding it is reliable, for 
the principal facts are corroborated by the deposition of Ann 
Hinde and by records in Doreetshire, England. I cannot learn 
that his descendants ever obtained anything from the estate, 
which was illegally conveyed by Thomas Chipman to Christopher 

Mr. Hinman says there is no evidence that John Chipman re- 
ceived any benefit from the grants made to him by the Plymouth 
Colony. The presumption is that he did. The others to whom 
grants were made at the same time, and at the same place, re- 
ceived theirs, and no legal or other diflSculty prevented Mr. Chip- 
man from obtaining his right. 

Chipman is an ancient name and occurs as early ag A. D. 
1070, on the Doomsday Survey Book. Originally the name was 
written De Chippenham, or by the armorial bearings Chippenham. 
There are three places in England of this name, and whether 
these places derived their names from the family, or the family 
from the places is a matter of no importance. The meaning of 
of the name is Chapman's town or home. 



Elder Henry Cobb the ancestor of the Cobb Family of Barn- 
stable, was of Plymouth in 1632, of Scituate in 1633, and of 
Barnstable in 1639. According to the Eev. Mr. Lothrop's re- 
cords, Goodman Cobb's dwelling house in Scituate, was con- 
structed before September 1634, and was the seventh built in that 
town by the English. He afterwards sold this house to Henry 
Rowley, and built on his lot in Kent Street, house numbered 
thirty-two on Mr. Lothrop's list. Mr. Deane in his history of 
Scituate says he was one of the "men of Kent," and that in addi- 
tion to his house lot, he owned eighty acres on North River, 
which was afterwards the farm of Ephraim Kempton, and then of 
John James. 

On the 23d of November, 1634, Gi-oodman Cobb and other 
members of the church at Plymouth "were dismissed from their 
membershipp in case they joyned in a body att Scituate." On the 
8th of January following, Mr. Lothrop makes the following entry 
in his records : ' 'Wee had a day of humiliation and then att night 
joyned in covenannt togeather, so many of us as had beene in 
Covenannt before ; to witt, Mr. Gilson and his wife, Goodman 
Anniball and his wife, Goodman Rowley and his wife, Goodman 
■Cob and his wife, Goodman Turner, Edward Foster, myselfe, 
Goodman Foxwell and Samuel House." The two last named may 
have been a part of the company who arrived in the Griffin with 
Mr. Lothrop ; but the others had been in the Colony several years. 
It is probable that many of them had been members of the Con- 
gregational Church in London, and that this meeting was a re- 
union under their old Pastor of those who had before been "in 
convenannt togeather." Goodman Cobb was a leading and influ- 
ential member, and for forty-four years was either the senior dea- 
con, or a ruling elder of the church. 

When it was proposed that the church remove to Sippican, 


now Eochester, Dea. Cobb was one of the committee to whom the 
Colony Court in 1638 granted the lands for a township ; and 
when it was afterwards decided to remove to Mattakeese, now 
Barnstable, he was a member of the committee having charge of 
the selecting of a suitable location for the settlement. 

Deacon Cobb's house lot in Barnstable containing seven acres, 
was situate at a little distance north from the present Unitarian 
Meeting House, between the lots of Thomas Huckins on the 
north and Eoger Goodspeed on the south, extending from George 
Lewis' meadow on the west t^ the "Old Mill Way" on the east. 
This tract of land is uneven and a large portion was originally a 
swamp. It was not one of the most desirable lots in the settle- 

His other lands were the neck of land and the meadows ad- 
joining, where Cobb & Smith's wharf and stores are now situate, 
bounded southerly by Lewis Hill and John Davis' marsh and on 
the other sides by the surrounding creeks. 

His Great Lot, containing three score acres, was situate on 
the south side of the County road, between the present dwelling 
houses of Joseph Cobb and James Otis. It was bounded in 1654, 
easterly by the lands of Henry Taylor and Joshua Lumbard, 
southerly by the commons, westerly partly by the commons and 
partly by Goodman Foxwell's land, and northerly by the highway 
and Henry Taylor's land. 

Two lots of six acres each in the new Common Field. 

One acre of Goodspeed's lot, (the deep bottom on the north 
of the Meeting House) then town's commons was granted to him 
in 1665, in payment for land damages "by ye highway running 
over or between his land from ye gate to Thomas Huckins." 
This acre was situated between "The Gate" at the entrance to the 
old miU way and the present Pound. He was also one of the 
proprietors of the common lands in the town of Barnstable, and 
owned lands in Suckinneset, now Falmouth. 

Deacon Cobb's house lot was rough and uneven, and not 
desirable land for cultivation. His great lot had some good soil. 
It was a good grazing farm, and as the raising of cattle was the 
principle business of the first settlers, his lands were probably 
Selected with reference to that object. His two lots in the new 
Common Field had a rich soil, and was occupied as planting 

He appears to have built two houses on his home lot. The 
first was probably a temporary one to shelter his family till he had 
time and means to build a better. It is a curious fact that the 
three deacons of the church lived in stone or fortification houses. 
It was required that such houses should be built in every planta- 
tion as a place of refuge for the inhabitants, should the Indians 
prove treacherous or hostile. It seems that the deacons then pro- 


vided for the personal safety, as well as the spiritual wants of the 
people. Deacon Cobb built his house on his lot, where the house 
formerly occupied by Josiah Lewis stands — a spot well selected 
for defence against Indian hostilities. Dea. Dimmock's stood a 
little east from the dwelling house of Isaac Davis, and 'Dea. 
Crocker's at West Barnstable. The two latter were remaining 
within the memory of persons now living. They were about 
twenty-iive feet square on the ground ; the lower story was of 
stone, the upper of wood. 

Elder Cobb died in 1679, having lived to a good old age, and 
was buried in the grave yard on Lothrop's Hill. No monument 
marks the spot where rest his mortal remains — no epitaph records 
his virtues. Deane says "he was a useful and valuable man," and 
there is beauty and truth in the words. He lived to be useful not 
to amass wealth or acquire political distinction. 

When a young man, he separated himself from the Church of 
England and joined the Puritans, then few in numbers, without 
influence, poor, despised and persecuted by the civil and ecclesias- 
tical powers. It appears that he joined Mr. Lothrop's church in 
London, the members whereof were tolerant in their views, inde- 
pendent and fearless in advocating the cause of religious liberty 
and the rights of conscience, and bold in their denunciations of 
all human creeds. He did not escape persecution, but he for- 
tunately escaped being fconfined for two long years with Mr. 
Lothrop and twenty-four members of his church in the foul and 
loathsome prisons of London. 

He came to this country to secure religious liberty and the 
freedom of conscience — utterly detesting all human creeds, and 
firmly believing that the life is the best evidence of christian faith. 
He remained in Plymouth a few years, joined in church fellowship 
with the followers of Robinson, and listened to the teaching of 
the mild and venerable Brewster. 

In 1633, he went to Scituate, then a new settlement, and 
assisted in clearing the forests and building up a town. The next 
year his pastor Mr. Lothrop came over and settled in that town, 
and soon after, many of his ancient friends and brethren were his 
townsmen. After the organization of the church, they invested 
him with the office of senior deacon, a mark of their confidence 
in his ability and of their esteem for him as a man and a christian. 

In Barnstable he was active and useful in promoting the 
temporal, and in ministering to the spiritual wants of the first 
settlers. He was a town officer, a member of the most important 
town committees, and in 1645, 1647, 1652, 1659, 1660 and 1661, 
a deputy to the Colony Court. On the 14th of April, 1670, he 
was chosen and ordained a ruling elder of the Barnstable church, 
an office which he held till his death in 1679. 

Elder Cobb was not a man of brilliant talents. He was a 


useful man, and an exemplary Christian. With perhaps one 
exception his life was a living illustration of his political and 
religious opinions. When in 1657, mainly through the influence 
of men in the Massachusetts Colony, a spirit of intolerance spread 
through the Plymouth Colony, and laws were enacted that an 
enlightened common sense condemns, and which were in violation 
of the principles of religious liberty which the fathers had held 
sacred. Elder Cobb was one of the deputies to the G-eneral 
Court, and there is no evidence to show that he did not approve 
of their enactment. In so doing he violated principles which he 
had long cherished and held sacred. It would have been better 
for his reputation had he like his friends Smith, Cudworth and 
Robinson and nearly all of the "first comers" then living, pro- 
tested against these intolerant measures, and like them retired to 
private life with clear consciences and an unspotted reputation. 

Four years were sufficient to sweep away every vestige of the 
fanatical and intolerant spirit which had spread ovef the Old 
Colony. How could it be otherwise ? How could men who had 
themselves suffered persecution, imprisonment and stripes for 
conscience sake, and who had through life stoutly maintained that 
God alone was the judge of men's consciences, how could they, 
when the excitement had passed away, believe it right to perse- 
cute Baptists and Quakers and wrong to persecute Puritans. The 
absurdity of such a course forced itself upon the minds of such 
men as Elder Cobb, and soon wrought a complete change in pub- 
lic opinion. 

Three of the name of Cobb came to New England, and if 
John of Plymouth and John of Taunton are not the same, four. 
The Cobbs of Georgia are a different family, though perhaps 
remotely related. Thomas R. R. Cobb a brother of the rebel 
general Howell Cobb in a letter dated at Athens, Geo., April 7, 
1857, says, "I have but little information as to my remote ances- 
try. The tradition as I have received it from my father, is that 
seven brothers originally emigrated from England. Four settled 
in Vh'ginia, three went to Massachusetts. Their names or subse- 
quent history I never learned. I have heard my father say that 
his grandfather would frequently relate that the brother from 
whom he was descended, bought his wife from an emigrant ship 
for 700 lbs. of tobacco. My father, grandfather and great- 
grandfather were all named John." 

Traditions are usually worthless. Three of the name came 
to Massachusetts, as stated in the letter ; but there is no evidence 
that they were brothers. The presumption is they were not. 
Mr. Pratt in his history of Eastham, page 27, gives an account of 
the origin of the Cobb families founded on a tratition which is 
wholly unreliable. He says four of the name, sons of Sylvanus, 
came over, namely, Jonathan from Harwich, England, settled in 


Eastham ; Eleazer iu Hingham ; Sylvauus north of Boston ; and 
Benjamin, whose sou Isaac was Port Admiral of Yarmouth, Eng- 
land. Jonathan was a descendant of Henrj' and born in Barn- 
stable. Eespecting Benjamin, the document quoted by Mr. 
Pratt, says he settled near Rhode Island, which is very doubtful. 
Descendants of Augustine were in that vicinity. The Eleazer and 
Sylvanus he named were probably both descendants of Henry. 
No Eleazer settled in Hingham. The earliest of the name in that 
town was Richard who is called of Boston. He had a son 
Thomas born 28th March, 1693, probably the one of that name 
who settled in Eastham, and married Mary Freeman, before 1719. 
A Thomas Cobb, Sen'r, died in Hingham Jau'y -i, 1707-8. 

Edward Cobb was of Taunton in 1657, married at Plymouth, 
28th Nov. 1660, Mary Haskius, and died 1675, leaving a son 
Edward. His widow married Samuel Philips. 

Augustine Cobb was of Taunton in 1670, and had Elizabeth, 
born lOtisFeb. 1771 ; Morgan, 29th Dec. 1673 ; Samuel, 9th Nov. 
1675 ; Bethia, 5th April, 1678 ; Mercy, 12th Aug. 1680 ; and 
Abigail, 1684. Gen. David Cobb, one of the aids of Washington 
in the army of the Revolution is a descendant from Augustine. 

John Cobb of Taunton from 1653 to 1677, Mr. Boylies says, 
came from Plymouth, if so, he was a son of Henry of Barnstable. 
A John Cobb who appears to have been a resident in Taunton, 
administered on the estate of his brother'Gershom who was killed 
at Swanzey by the Indians, June 24, 1675. Mr. Savage thinks 
there were two John Cobbs ; but 1 prefer the authority of. Mr. 
Baylies. There is only one entry on the records, that favors the 
supposition that there were two John Cobbs, and that after careful 
examination, I think is an error of the town clerk of Taunton. 

Elder Henrj' Cobb married in 1631, Patience, daughter of 
Dea. James Hurst, of Plymouth. She was "bui-yed May 4, 1648, 
the first that was buryed in our new burying place by our meeting 
house." (Lothrop's Church Rec.) He was married to his second 
wife, Sarah, daughter of Samuel Hinckley by Mr. Prince, Dec. 12, 
1649. He died in 1679, and his wife Sarah survived him. 

In his will dated April 4, 1678, proved June 3, 1679, and in 
the codicil thereto dated Feb. 28, 1678, he gives his great lot of 
land in Barnstable to his son James, the latter paying Elder Cobb's 
John £5 for his interest therein. Names his sons John, James, 
Gershom and Eleazer, to whom he had theretofore given half his 
lands at Suckinesset, — gave his "new dwelling house"* and all 

* "His new dwelling house." lam inclined to the opinion that Elder Cobb sold liis 
stone house to Nathaniel Bacon, in his life time and that the house to which he refers was 
on his "great lot," and that it was afterwards owned by son Oames and grandson Gershom. 
In 1823, Mr. Josiah Childs a descendent in the female line pointed out a post to me in his 
fence, and said fifty years ago I mortised that post from a timber taken iVom the house of the 
first G-ei-shom Cobb, and said that fi-om information he had obtained fi-om his ancestors, the 
house was OTer one hundred years old when consequently was built in the life time of the 
Klder. That house stood on his "great lot," near tlie ancient pear tree now standing. 
(See account of 3d f Icrshom Hall.) 


the rest of his uplands and meadows to his wife Sarah. In his 
will he gave his dwelling house after the decease of his wife to 
his son .Samuel ; but in the codicil to his son Henry. He also, 
named his son Jonathan, and daughters Mary, Hannah, Patience 
and .Sarah. 

CJiildren born in Plymouth. 

I. John, born 7th June, 1632. Removed from Barnstable to 
Plymouth and from thence, according to Mr. Baylies, to 
Taunton, and returned again to Plymouth about the year 
1678. He married twice, fii-st 28th Aug. 1658, Martha 
Nelson of P. Second, June 13, 1676, Jane Woodward of 
Taunton. His children were John, born 24th June, 1662, 
in P., died young. Samuel, Israel and Elizabeth, the 
dates of whose births are not given, probably born in 
Taunton. John, born in Taunton 31st March 1678, ac- 
cording to the return, probably 1677 ; Elisha, in Plymouth, 
3d, April, 1678, and James, 20th July, 1682. Elisha of 
this family probably settled in Wellfleet, and had Col. 
Elisha and Thomas. Col. Elisha had five sons, and has 
descendants in the lower towns of this County. A Thomas 
Cobb married Mary Freeman of Eastham, before 1719, and 
probably was not the Thomas above named. 

II. James, born 14th Jan'y, 1634. (See account of him and 
his family below.) 

Children born in Scituate. 

III. Mary, 24th March, 1637. She married 15th Oct. 1657, 
Jonathan Dunham then of Barnstable and his second wife. 
His first wife was Mary, daughter of Phillip Delano, whom 
he married 29th Nov. 1655. He removed to Middleboro', 
was sometime minister to the Indians at the islands ; but 
was in 1694 ordained at Edgartown. 

IV. Hannah, 5th Oct. 1639, married 9th May, 1661, Edward 
Lewis. She died Jan'y 17, 1729-30, aged 90 years, 3 
months, 12 daj'S. 

Children born in Barnstable. 

V. Patience, bap'd 13th March 1641-2, married Robert Parker 
Aug. 1667, his second wife. After his death in 1684, she 
probably married Dea. William Crocker. 

VI. G-ershom, born 10, bap'd 12th Jan'y, 1644-5. He removed 
to Middleboro', where he was constable in 1671 and on the 
grand jury in 1674. He was buried- at Swanzey 24th 
June, 1675, having, with eight others, been killed that 
day by the forces of Philip. His brother John adminis- 
tered on his estate, which was divided in equal proportions 
to the children of Mr. Henry Cobb of Barnstable, only 
John, the older son, to have a double portion. 


VII. Eleazer, born 30th March, 1648. He was admitted a 
townsman Dec. 1678, when he was 24, indicating that he 
was then unmarried. He was of Barnstable in 1703, and 
as he had only 12 1-2 shares in the common lands, the 
presumption is that he was not then a householder. It does 
not appear that he had a family. His death is not re- 
corded, and the settlement of his estate is not entered on 
the probate records. It may be, but is not probable, that 
he was the Eleazer whom Mr. Pratt says settled in Hing- 

VIII. Mehitabel, born 1st Sept. 1751, died 8th March, 1652. 

IX. Samuel, born Oct. 12, 1654. (See account below.) 

X. Sarah, born 15 Jan'y, 1658, died Jan'y 25, 1658. 

XI. Jonathan, born 10th April, 1660. (See account below.) 

XII. Sarah, born 10th March, 1662-3, married 27th Dec. 1686, 
Dea. Samuel Chipmau of Barnstable. She had ten chil- 
dren. Her sons Thomas, Samuel, John, Seth and Barna- 
bas, were men who held a high rank in society. The late 
Chief Justice Nathaniel Chipman, L. L. D., was her grand- 
son. She died Jan'y 8, 1742-3, aged nearly 80. 

XIII. Henry, born 3d Sept. 1665, inherited the paternal mansion. 
He was married by Justice Thacher, 10th April 1690 to 
Lois Hallet. Oct. 9, 1715, he was dismissed from the 
Barnstable, to the church in Stonington, Conn. His chil- 
dren born in Barnstable were, Gideon, 11th April, 1691 ; 
Eunice, 18th Sept. 1693 ; Lois, 2d March, 1696 ; and 
Nathan, bap'd June 1, 1700. Margaret the wife of Gideon 
of this family was admitted July 31, 1726, to the church 
in Hampton, Conn. He afterwards removed from H. 

XIV. Mehetabel, born 15th Feb. 1667. 

XV. Experience, born 11th Sept. 1671. 

Neitlier of these two daughters being mentioned in the will of 
their father, the presumption is they died young. 

Sergeant James Cobb, son of Elder Henry Cobb, born in 
Plymouth, January 14, 1634, resided in Barnstable. He married. 
26th Dec. 1663, Sarah, daughter of George Lewis, Sen'r. He 
died in 1695, aged 61. He left no will. His estate was settled 
Feb. 1, 1695-6, and all his eleven children are named. His 
widow Sarah married 23d Nov. 1698, Jonathan Sparrow of East- 
ham. She died Feb. 11, 1735, in the 9 2d year of her age, and 
was buried in the grave-yard near the East Church, Barnstable. 
■ Children born in Barnstable. 

I. Mary, 24th Nov. 1664, married May 31, 1687, Capt. Caleb 
Williamson of Barnstable. The family removed to Hart- 
ford after 1700, where she died in 1737, aged 73. 

II. Sarah, 26th Jan'y 1666, married 27th Dec. 1686, Benjamin 
Hinckley of Barnstable. She had ten ohildi-en, the five 


first born all dying young. 

III. Patience, 12tli Jan'y, 1668, married 1694, Jame^ Coleman, 
and had eight children. She married 1,0th Sept. 1715, 
Thomas Lombard of Barnstable. She died March 30, 
174:7, aged 79 years. Her second husband w.a8 95 at his 
death May 30, 1761. 

IV. Hannah, 28th March 1671, married Joseph Davis March 
1695, and died May 3, 1739, aged 68. She left a family 
of eight children. 

V. James, 8th July, 1673. (See account below.) 

VI. G-ershom, 4th August, 1675. (See account below.) 

VII. John, 20th Dec. 1677, Mr. John Cobb as he is called on 
the records, married 25th Dec. 1707, Hannah Lothrop. 
He owned the house now the residence of Mr. David 
Bursley, and his son Ephraim resided there within the 
memory of persons now living. His children were Ephraim, 
born 5th Dec. 1708. He married Margaret G-ardner of 
Yarmouth, Jan'y 7, 1729-30. He had also John born 1st 
July, 1711, died March 1, 1713, and John again born Oct. 

2, 1719, who died May 25, 1736. Mr. John Cobb died 
Aug. 24, 1754, aged 77 years, aind his wife Hannah April 

3, 1747, aged 66 years. 

VIII. EUzabeth, 6th Oct. 1680. 

IX. Martha 6th Feb. 1682. 

X. Mercy, 9th April, 1685. 

XI. Thankful, 10th June, 1687. 

The fpm- daughters last named had shares in the estate of 
their father at the settlement made in 1696. Their mother married 
in 1698, Jonathan Sparrow, Esq., of Eastham, and these daugh- 
ters probably removed to that town with her. Mercy was May 
24, 1701, a witness to the will of Mu-iam Wing of Harwich. At 
the proof of the will Jan'y 8, 1702-3, she is called "now Mercy 

Samuel Cobb, son of Elder Henry Cobb, born in Barnstable 
12th Oct. 1654, was a farmer and resided in the lower part of the 
town, and built a house on the six acre lot that was his father's in 
the new commonfleld. His first house stood on the south-east 
corner of the land, on the west side of the lane leading to Indian 
lands. He soon after built a two story house, a little farther west 
on the same spot where the late farmer Joseph Cobb's house stood. 
It was two stories and constructed in the style common in those 
days. It was taken down about the year 1805. He married Dec. 
20, 1680 Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Taylor, called "tailor" 
to distinguish him from another of the same name. He died Dec. 
27, 1727 aged 73, and his wife May 4, 1721 aged 66. 

Children horn in Barnstable. 
I. Sarah, 20th Aug. 1681. She married Feb. 4, 1701-2 


Benjamin Bearse, and resided at Hyanuis where she died 
Jan. 14, 1742, and is buried in the old.grave yard there. 

II. Thomas, born 1st June 1683, married Rachel Stone of 
Sudbm-y, Jan. 1, 1710, and had eleven children born in 
Barnstable, namely : 1, Abigail 29th March 1711, married 
Nathaniel Sturgis Feb. 20, 1734-5 ; 2, Nathaniel, 15th Oct. 
1713, married Susannah Bacon Dec. 14, 1738. He died 
Feb. 14, 1763, aged 50. His cWldren were Thomas Dec. 
1, 1739 ; Oris Nov. 9, 1741, father of the present Lewis ; 
Samuel Nov. 30, 1744 ; Susannah Jan. 1, 1746-7 ; Nathan- 
iel March 19, 1748-9, died Sept. 26, 1839 aged 90 ; Sarah 
March 31, 1751. 3, Elizabeth 14th Feb. 1715, married 
Jonathan Lewis, Jr., Oct. 13, 1737 ; 4, Samuel 20th March 
1717; 5, Matthew 15th April 1719, married Mary Garret 
January 24, 1750-1, and had Matthew, a merchant at Port- 
land and a man of wealth and considerable distinction ; 
Daniel engaged in trade many years in Barnstable, and the 
father of the present Matthew Cobb, Esq., and others ; 6, 
David 28th Feb. 1721, married Thankful Hinckley Aug. 
12, 1745, and had four children, died May 23, 1757; 7, 
Henry 16th April 1724, married Bethiah Hinckley Jan. 31, 
1753-4; 8, Thomas 30th April 1726, died Aug. 1726; 9, 
Ebenezer, twin brother of Thomas, died January 5, 1856, 
married Mary Smith, had 5 daughters ; 10, Eunice, bap't 
23d Feb. 1728-9; and 11, Mary, bap'd Nov. 7, 1731. 
Thomas Cobb was taxed in 1737 for £1000, and was a man 
of wealth for the times. 

III. Elizabeth, born Nov. 1685, married 25th Nov. 1708 Eben- 
ezer Bearse. She died 15th July 1711. 

IV. Henry, born 1687. 

V. Samuel, 10th Sept. 1691, married first Sarah Chase of Tis- 
bury, Jan. 25, 1716, and in 1725 Hannah Cole. 

VI. Mehitable, 10th Sept. 1691, twin sister of Samuel, married 
30th June 1715, Nathan Taylor. 

VII. Experience, 8th June 1692, married 18th Feb. 1713-4 
Jasher Taylor of Yarmouth. 

VIII. Jonathan, 25th Dec. 1694, married Oct. 20, 1715, Sarah 
Hopkins of Harwich. The records of his family are incom- 
plete. He had Benjamin, born June 25, 1726, married 
Bethia Homer of Yarmouth, and was afterwards a mer- 
chant of Boston; Samuel, born May 21, 1728; Elkanah, 
born Aug. 9, 1731 ; Eleazer born Dec. 28, 1734, married 
Kesiah, daughter of Eleazer Crosby ; and Elizabeth born 

April 30, 1738; married Crosby. Beside the above 

he had a son Jonathan, who married Mary Clark, born 
about 1716, who was the father of Elijah, — Scotto, 1741, 
Isaac 1745, John, Seth, Mary, Sally, Hannah, Betsey and 


Elkanah. Scotto above named, was the father of the late 
Gen. Elijah Cobb,* whose son Elijah, a merchant of Bos- 
ton, died Aug. 1861. 

IX. Eleazer, born 14th Jan. 1696, married Reliance Paine Oct. 
18, 1724. He occupied the house built by his father. 
He died Sept. 21, 1731 aged 35, and his widow married 
John Coleman Aug. 5, 1736. She continued to reside on 
the Cobb farm till her death, June 11, 1742. The children 
of Eleazer Cobb born in Barnstable were, Benjamin Nov. 
20, 1725 ; Joseph 28th March, 1727, died 11th Oct. 1737 ; 
and Reliance, 30th Sept. 1728, married 1747 Paul Crowell, 
Jr., of Chatham; and Patience, bap't 15th Aug. 1731, 
married Nathaniel Allen of Barnstable. Benjamin, the 
son of Eleazer, married May 29, 1749, Anna Davis, and 
had Reliance May 9, 1750 ; Eleazer, Aug. 7, 1752 ; Benja- 
min, Jan. 28, 1759, married Persis Taylor of Barnstable, 
Nov. 13, 1783, the second marriage recorded by Rev. Mr. 
Mellen. He had one son, the present Enoch T. Cobb, and 
a daughter Hannah ; Joseph, February 19, 1763, known as 
farmer Joseph, married June 19, 1785, Elizabeth Adams ; 
and Samuel April 23, 1765, the latter a tanner and shoe 

X. Lydia, born Dec. 1699, married Ebenezer Scudder, 1725, 
and is the ancestor of nearly if not all of the name in 

JonathanCobb, son of Elder Henry Cobb, born in Barnstable 
10th April 1660, married March 1, 1682-3, Hope, widow of John 
Huckings, and daughter of Elder John Chipman. He resided in 
Barnstable till 1703, when he removed to Middleborough, and 
from thence to Falmouth, now Portland, Me. His children were, 
1, Samuel, born 23d Feb. 1683-4; Jonathan 26th April, 1686; 
Ebenezer 10th April 1688 ; Joseph 24th Aug. 1690 ; Lydia 17th 
Jan. 1692-3 ; Gershom bap't 7th July, 1695. That this Jonathan 
was not the one who removed to Harwich, the following facts 
show. His son Samuel married Abigail and had at Middleboro, 
Chipman born 5th March 1708-9, and probably others ; at Port- 
land, Peter, Feb. 1720, and at Manchester, James, born July 7, 
1723. Jonathan, son of Jonathan, had by his wife Betty at 
Portland Lydia, Aug. 9, 1720 ; Ebenezer, Feb. 19, 1722 ; Mary, 
Nov. 8, 1723 ; Deborah, Aug. 14, 1725. Ebenezer, son of Jona- 
than, married Mary. He died at Portland Oct. 29, 1721, aged 

* I have a genealogy of fhe Cobb family based on the recollections of Gen. Cobb. It 
seems to be the same on which Mr. Pratt relied, and frhich has always been noticed. Gen. 
Cobb's information respecting his great grandfather is Ter^ imperfect, and of the preceed- 
ing generations mostly if not entirely suppositions. It is certain that Gen. Cobb was a 
descendent of Henry of Barnstable. The Truro aud "Wellfleet families probably descend 
some from Elisha of Plymouth and some from James Cobb born Sept. 13, 1698, who removed 
to Tmro. Elisha Cobb, bom 24th Dec. 1702, married Mary, Harding, and probably removed 
to Wellfleet, and Thomas, son of Richard of Hingham to Eastham. 


33. Chipman, son of Samuel, married Elizabeth and had, at 
Portland, Nathan, January 7, 1732 ; and Andrew, March 27, 

James Cobb, son of James and grandson of Elder Henry 
Cobb, born 8th July, 1673, resided on his grandfather's "great 
lot." He niarried 18th Sept. 1695, Elizabeth Hallett. She died 
April 1, 1759, aged 80. Their children born in Barnstable were : 

I. James, born 13th Sept. 1698, he married Hannah Rich of 
Truro, May 14, 1724, and had 1, James, June 16, 1725, 
died Oct. following ; 2, Elizabeth, Saturday Oct. 29, 1726 ; 
3, Lois, Friday June 27, 1729 ; 4, Isaac, Tuesday Dec. 21, 
1731; 5, Ezekiel, Saturday Aug. 31, 1734; 6, Hannah, 
Wednesday, April 20, 1737 ; 7, Dinah, bap'd June 1, 1740 ; 
8, Deliverance, bap'd Sept. 19, 1742. Hannah, wife of 
James Cobb, Jr., was dismissed from the church in Barn- 
stable to the church in Truro, Jan'y 15, 1663-4, and pro- 
bably the family removed to that town. 

II. Sylvanus, born 25th Nov. 1700, married Mercy Baker, 
Nov. 7, 1728. He died Sept. 30, 1756, aged 55. His 
children born in Barnstable were, 1, Mercy, Oct. 13, 1729, 
married James Churchill, Jan'y 10, 1751, died Sept. 25, 
1756; 2, Ebenezer, Aug. 13, 1731, married 1754 Lydia 
Churchill of Middleboro', and had .James and Ebenezer ; 
3, Sylvanus, Feb. 18, 1734-5, died May 10, 1737 ; 4, Ben- 
nie, Jan'y 23, 1736-7; 5, Rebecca, April 2, 1739, died 
Aug. 17, 1756, aged 17; 6, Sylvanus, July 21, 1741 ; 7, 
Thankful, bap't Sept. 25, 1743 ; 8, Lydia, bap'd Jan'y 5, 
1745-6. From this family I am informed that Rev. Syl- 
vanus Cobb is descended. 

III. Elisha, born 24th Dec. 1702, married Mary Harding, of 
Trm-o, Feb. 25, 1724-5. 

IV. Jesse, born 15th April, 1704, married Thankful Baker, 
Jan'y 1, 1733-4. She died May 6, 1742, and he died Dec. 
1777, aged 72. His children born in Barnstable were 
Joseph, born 22d Sept. 1734, who married Desire Lum- 
bard and had Thankful Nov. 14, 1757 ; Remember-Mercy, 
Jan'y 13, 1760, and Joseph, Aug. 18, 1762, (the father of 
the present Mr. James Cobb). The daughters Thankful 
and Mercy it is said were bewitched when young, and 
marvelous stories are related of them. Jesse Cobb had 
also Seth, bap'd Sept. 4, 1737, removed to Sandwich ; 
Rowland, bap'd Oct. 15, 1738, married Thankful Garret of 
S. ; Nicholas, bap'd Feb. 10, 1739-40, married Ann Perry 
had Chloe Blush now living, aged 96, and others ; Nathan 
bap'd Jan's 18, 1740-41. Jesse Cobb was an illiterate 
man. He could neither read or write ; but he considered 
himself a great poet and employed an amanuensis. His 


two nearest aeighbors, John Lewis," many years town 
school master, and Solomon Otis, Esq., were graduates of 
Harvard College. John Bacon, Esq., and Capt. Samuel 
Bacon, "gentlemen," were also his neighbors, and he thus 
had the advantage of daily intercourse with literary men. 
Jesse's poetry has not been preserved. Some verses are 
however repeated by his descendants. The extravagance 
of the times, the fashions, and the ladies, whom he did not 
» treat with much courtesy, where his favorite themes. The 
dogerel rhymes in the note* are e:^tracts from his poem 
addressed to James Paine, Esq., who kept a school several 
years in Barnstable, and who, dm-ing his leisure hours, 
coui'ted the muses. 

V. Seth, born loth April, 1707. 

VI. J:benezer, born 7th March, 1709, died Sept. 1710. 

VII. Jude (or Judah), born -iith June, 1711. 

VIII. Nathan, born, loth June, 1713, married Bethia Harding of 
Eastham, 1736. 

IX. Stephen, born 27th Jan'y 1716, married July 8, 1742, 
Abigail Chipman, and had Mary, Judah, James, Abigail, 
Stephen, Chipman and Jacob. 

X. Elizabeth, born 18th April, 1718, married March 10, 
1736-7, David Hawes of Yarmouth. 

Gershom Cobb, son of James and grand son of Elder Henry 
Cobb, born Aug. 4, 1675, married Hannah Davis, 24th Feb., 

His house stood near the centre of Elder Cobb's great lot. 
Some ancient pear trees now mark the spot. Elder Cobb proba- 
bly built a house there, afterwards owned by his son James. His 
children born in Barnstable were : 

I. John, 22d May, 1704, died April 1706. 

II. Sarah, 27th Oct. 1705, married Nath'l Bacon, 1726. 

III. Gershom, 15th Nov. 1707, married April 20, 1732, Miss 
Sarah Baxter of Yarmouth, and died the same year leaving 
a son Gershom, who married Feb. 6, 1751-2, Mehitebel, 
daughter of Job Davis. He died in 1758 leaving three 

* "Christ, he was a carpenter by trade, 
Aud he the doors of Hearen made. 
And he did swear 

That high crowned caps and plaited hair 
Sliould never have admittance there." 
A fashion prevailed among the ladies in Jesse's time of weai-ing the hair combed aud 
plaited over a cushion resting on the top of the head- This was surmounted with a high 
crowned cap. 

The following is the closing stanza and is particularly addressed to Mr. Paine who was 
the champion of the ladies : 

"He who for a pls'treen twice told, I 

Will labor for a week in school, 
Can offer nothing veiy great, 
So here is alll shall relate." 
In another stanza Jpsse commends fo Mr. Paine the perusal of the third chapter of 


sons, bap'd Nov. 25, 1759, named Edward, (born Nov. 6, 
1752) G-ershom and Josiah. Gershom the father was a 
very honest, upright man, a weaver. In the summer 
months he was employed in the fishing business, and the 
remainder of the year in weaving, &c. His widow in 1776 
married Nathaniel Lothrop, his second wife, and she had 
by him a daughter Susan, who married Eleazer Cobb, Jr. 
She died in 1812 or 13, aged about 80. Her son Edward 
was a carpenter, married Jan'y 29, 1778, Hannah Hallett of 
Yarmouth, removed in 1782 to Westborough, where he died 
Oct. 27, 1819. He had ten children. Gershom was a 
mariner and taken a prisoner by the English during the 
Revolution. He returned to Barnstable about the year 
1793, and it is said that he returned to England married 
and^had two children there. Josiah went to Boston to 
learn a shoemaker's trade, but disliking the trade left. It 
is supposed that he was lost at sea.* 

IV. John, born 17th Nov. 1709. Removed to Plymouth. 

V. Hannah, 29th Aug. 1711, married Jan'y 29, 1734, David 
Childs of Barnstable. 

VI. Thankful, 10th July, 1714, married Oct. 14, 1746, David 

VII. Anne, 8th Dec. 1716, died 4th Nov. 1720. 

VIII. Josiah, twin brother of Anne. 

IX. Edward, 2d Nov. 1718. 

X. Mary, 14th June, 1721, married first, Isaac Gorham, Sept. 
2, 1742, and second, James Churchill, Feb. 3, 1756-7. 

Jesse Cobb was a loyalist or tory. He was one of the party 
who assembled on the evening of the night when the liberty pole 
in Barnstable was cut down. Jesse was called on by the company 
to compose a notice to be posted up, and he dictated the following, 
impromptu : 

Your Liberty pole, 
I dare be bold, 
Appears like Dagon bright. 
But it will faU, 
And make a scrawl. 
Before the morning light. 
Jesse was seventy years of age when he dictated the above, 
and it indicates that he was ready, and possessed more wit than 
we have given him credit for. The Liberty pole stood in front of 
the public house of Mrs. Abiah Crocker, where the willow tree 
now stands. It stood on a knowl or small hill there which has 

*The account of the family of Gershsom Cobb I obtain from tbe records, a manuscript 
of one of the descendants, and other sources. Respecting the third Gershom (son of Ger- 
shom and Sarah) I rely on the manuscript which seems to be corroborated by the Pi-obate 
records. Gershom Cobb, Jr.'s inventory is dated Jan'y 23, 1733, showing that he died soon 
after his maiTiage. 


since been leveled. The pole was very tall, and surmounted with 
a gilt ball, to which- allusion is made by Mr. Cobb. During the 
night the pole was cut down and fell across the road. Who cut 
it down has never been satisfactorily ascertained. I persume it 
would have been difficult for Jesse Cobb, Samuel Crocker and 
Otis Loring, to have proved that they were not present. 



James Claghorn was not one of the first settlers. He was of 
Barnstable in 1654, and took the oath of fidelity in 1657. He 
removed to Yarmouth about the year 1662, when his wife com- 
mitted suicide Oct. 1677, by hanging herself in the chamber of 
her house. This is the first suicide on record in this part of the 

James Claghorn married 6th January, 1654, Abigail, sometimes 
written Abia, probably a daughter of Barnard Lombard, though she 
may have been a sister. His children bom in Barnstable were : 
I. James, 29th January 1654. He probably died early. Mr. 

Savage was led into a mistake by a typographical error in the 

Genealogical Register of 1856, page 348, where Jane is 

printed James. 
n. Mary, born 26th October, 1655, married March 28, 1682, 

Joseph Davis, had four children, died 1706. 
HI. Elizabeth, April 1658. 

IV. Sarah, 3d January, 1659. 

V. Robert, 27th Oct. 1661. 

VI. Shubael. Birth not recorded. 

Robert Claghorn, son of James, married 6th November, 
1701, Bethia, widow of Nathaniel Lothrop. By her first husband 
she had John and Hannah. She died, say the church records, 
'last end of October, 1731, aged about 60.' Robert Claghorn's 
estate was settled 22d Aug. 1715, and his widow Bethia, sons 
Joseph, Nathaniel and Samuel, and only daughter Abia are 
named. He owned 7 1-2 acres of land in the common field, a lot 
in the neck below Joshua Lumbard's, and lands bought of the 
heirs of Joseph Davis at South Sea, shares in the common lands, 
and about £300 in money. No house is named in the settlement. 
He administered on the estate of his sister Mary, and probably 
resided at her house at the time of his death. In 1702 he owned 
a part of the Lumbert farm, and had a house at the east end of 
the pond and for that reason it is sometimes called in the records 


Claghorn's instead of Lumtaert's pond. This estate he sold to a 
Crocker, and it afterwards was bought by the Lothrops. Respect- 
ing Robert Claghorn I have little information. He appears to 
have been a very worthy man. 

Children of Robert Clagliorv. 

I. Abia, born Aug. 13, 1702. She did not marry, was admitted 
a member of the East Church Nov. 3, 1745, and died Feb. 
4, 1763. 

II. Joseph, born Aug. 25,' 1704. 

III. Nathaniel, born Nov. 10, 1707. 

IV. Samuel, June 23, 1709. In the division of his father's es- 
tate, the lands bought of the heirs of Joseph Davis at 
Chequaquet were set off to him. He married September 11, 
1742, Hannah, probably daughter of .Job Hinckley, and had 
a son Nathaniel, April 29, 1743. 

Shubael Claghorn, a son of James, married Jane, daughter 
of .John Lovell. He died before 1729, when his widow married 
John Bumpas of Rochester. 

Children born in Barnstable. 

I. James, August 1689. By his wife Experience he had, at 
Rochester, Lemual June 10, 1713, and Mary April 12, 1715. 
He afterwards, in 1736, married Elizabeth King of Kingston. 
His wife died in Barnstable, Dec. 25, 1774, aged 66. 

II. Thankful, 30th January, 1660-1, died January, 1696. 

III. Thomas, 20th March 1692-3. A Thomas Claghorn of Ed- 
gartown had a daughter Hannah baptized at the West 
Church July 17, 1756. 

IV. Shubael, 26th September, 1696. 

V. Robert, 18th July, 1699. He married January 16, 1722-3 
Thankful Coleman. He died July 11, 1750, aged 50, and 
his widow April 1770, aged 70. He had : 1, James, Dec. 8, 
1723, married 1747, Temperance Gorham, removed to Salis- 
bury, returned in 1770; 2, Nehemiah, Jan. 30, 1725-6; 
3, Eunice, May 4, 1728 ; 4, Benjamin, Dec. 17, 1733 ; 5, 
Jabez, May 9, 1736, married Nov. 10, 1780, Eunice Davis, 
died June 10, 1821, aged 85. 

VI. Benjamin, 14th June, 1701. 

VII. Reuben, baptized 28th April, 1706, married 1733, Eleanor 
Lovell and had : ' , Jane, April 12, 1733 ; 2, Nathaniel, 22d 
Aug. 1736 ; 3, Seth, Nov. 1, 1737 ; 4, Joanna, January 12, 
1742 ; Lois, Feb. 8, 1747. His autograph signature is 
affixed to a paper in the Probate Office. It is the best exe- 


cuted signature that I have seen in that office.* 

VIII. Mary, baptized 3d Aug., 1707, mamed 1729, Eben Clark of 

IX. Jane, baptized 31st July 1709, married Joshua Lumbert, Jr., 

X. Ebeneazer, 30th July, 1712, married Oct. 30, 1734, Sarah 
Lumbert. She died. He married Sept. 7, 1763, Elizabeth 
Hamblin— had Joseph, Oct. 9, 1743 ; Sarah, July 27, 1764 ; 
Jane, Oct. 1, 1765, married Job Childs, Nov. 24, 1785. 

*Note. — Some would perhaps give precedence to the signature of Hon. Barnabas Lo- 
throp or Col. William Bassett. Specimens of the chirogrophy of Mr. liOthrop are preserved. 
The form of his letters resemble the Old English black letter type. He was not a rapid 
writer, and evidently took much pains. Col. Bassett was a rapid penman, wrote a fine run- 
ning liand, yet distinct and easily read. Of the early settlers, Rev. Joseph Lord of Chat- 
ham was the best penman. He wrote a splendid hand. I have a volume of his manuscript 
written as compactly as a printed page yet perfectly distinct. Joseph Lothrop, Esq., the 
first Register of Probate, wrote .1 very neat hand. Anthony Thatcher and his son. Col. 
John, were excellent Clerks. In the Gorham family were many who wrote good hands. 
There is a remarkable similarity in the signatures of the successive John Gorhams, so 

treat that it requires a practised eye to distinguish them. William, son of Col. David Gor- 
am, wrote a splendid hand for records. 



The earliest notice I find of Eichard Child is in Mr. Lothrop's 
Church records. It is there recorded that "Richard Childe and 
Mary Linnett marryed the 15th day of October, 1649, by Mr. 
Collier at my Brother Linnett's house." 

I find no record of his children ; but it appears that he had a 
family, for March 5, 1660, he was ordered by the Court to desist 
from erecting a cottage within the bounds of Yarmouth, the put- 
ting up of such buildings being contrary to law. — He afterwards 
gave security to save harmless the town of Yarmouth from all 
charges on account of the children he then had, and he was there- 
upon permitted "to enjoy his cottage."* 

It thus appears that Richard Childs had a family, Samuel and 
Richard Childs of Barnstable were probably his children. Sam- 
uel was killed at Rehobeth battle March 25th, 1675. — There was 
a Richard Child in Marshfleld in 1665, perhaps the same who had 
been of Barnstable and Yarmouth. He there built him a house 
and married, and had a family. Richard Child of Watertown, 
born in 1631, was another man. He married March 30, 1662, 
Mehitable Dimmock, a daughter of Elder Thomas of Barnstable. 
His daughter Abigail married Joseph Lothrop of Barnstable, and 
Hannah, Joseph Blush. 

I find no positive evidence that Dea. Richard Child, from 
whom all the Barnstable families of the name descend was a son 
of the Richard who married Mary Linnell ; but there is little reason, 
to doubt that such was the fact. 

*In the account of Richard Berry I stated that he was forbidden to erect a cottage in 
Yarmouth. That was a mistake, it was Eichard Child that was so forbidden. The prac- 
tice which prevailed in early colonial times, of warning strangers out of town and forbid- 
ding them to build houses or settle in a towTi without a license was sanctioned by law. The 
case of Richard Child is not a solitary one. Men of good standing who were strangers 
were often warned out of town. The law may seem harsh and tyramcal ; but reasons then 
existed which have now passed away. If Richard Child had been allowed to build in Yar- 
mouth without protest, he would have been entitled to a personal right in the common lands 
and a tenement right amounting in Yarmouth to 16 1-2 shares out of the 3,118 into which 
the to\vn was divided ; and if unfortunate, the town would be liable for the supplies of his 
family. A protest not only saved the town harmless ; but prevented the person moving 
in fi*om claiming the rights of a proprietor. 


The name is written Childe, Child, Chiles and Childs on the 
records. The true orthography is Child ; but all the descendants 
of Richard, resident in Barnstable, write the 'name with a final s. 

Dea. Richard Child, probably a son of the first Richard of 
Barnstable, resided in the westerly part of the East Parish, on the 
estate owned by the late Mr. John Dexter, deceased. He had a 
shop, which indicates that he was a mechanic. He was admitted 
to the church May 4, 1684, and ordained a deacon Sept. 4, 1706. 
He married in 1678, Elizabeth, daughter of John Crocker. She 
died January 15, 1696, and he married, second, Hannah . 

Children born in Barnstable. 

I. Samuel, born 6th Nov. 1679. 

II. Elizabeth, born 23d Jan. 1681-2, died five weeks after, 

III. Thomas, born 10th January, 1682-3. See account of fami- 
ly below. 

IV. Hannah, 22d January, 1684. The Hannah Child who mar- 
ried 30th July, 1702, Joseph Blush of Barnstable, was as 
above stated a daughter of Richard Child of Watertown. 

V. Timothy born 22d Sept. 1686. 

VI. Dea. Ebenezer, born, says the town record, "March, latter 
end, 1691, as I think." He died January 17, 1756, N. S., 
in the 66th year of his age, and was buried at West Barn- 
stable. He married in 1719 Hope, and had, 1, Elizabeth, 
18th July, 1720, died 18th Sept. 1720; 2, Ebenezer, 10th 
April, 1723 ; 3, Richard, baptized 1st Aug. 1725 ; 4, Mary, 
baptized 3d Sept., 1727, died June 15, 1762 aged 35 ; and 
Mercy, baptized 4th January, 1730. The .three last named 
are not on the town records. Ebenezer Child, Jr., son of 
Dea. Ebenezer, married January 15, 1745, Hannah Crocker. 
She died Feb. 23, 1755, aged 37, and he married in 1756, 
Abigail Freeman. His children were, 1, Ebenezer, born 
Nov. 3, 1747, baptized at the West Church, Nov. 8, 1747 ; 
2, Josiah, Aug. 8, 1749 ; 3, Hannah, Sept. 10, 1751 ; 4, 
David, March 2, 1754; 5, by his second wife, Jonathan, 
May 13, 1757 ; 6, Abigail, Dec. 26, 1758 ; 7, Hope, Janu- 
ary 21, 1761 ; and Mary, baptized April 10, 1763. 

VII. Elizabeth, born 6th June, 1692. 

VIII. James, born 6th November, 1694. See account of his 
family below. 

IX. Mercy, born 7th May, 1697. 

X. Joseph, born 5th March, 1699-10, married April 23, 1724, 
Deliverance Hamblin. He was admitted to the West 
Church Aug. 18, 1728, removed to Falmouth and returned 
to Barnstable in 1747. The names of only two of his chil- 
dren were on the town records. His children were, 1, 
Joseph, born 17th Aug. 1724; married Meribah Dexter of 


Rochester; 2, Benjamin, baptized 25th Aug. 1728, married 
Mehitable Hamtalin, 1652, and had Lewis, Aug. 29, 1782 ; 
Hannah, Sept. 6, 1754 ; and Mehitable, Dec. 27, 1756. 
He died before June 10, 1758, when his three children were 
baptized at the West Church. 3, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Joseph, was baptized 24th August 1729 ; 4, Ruth, baptized 
26th Sept. 1731, married 21st May, 1747, Reuben Blush ; 5, 
James, born 4th March, 1742 ; and Abigail, baptized 29th 
July 1750. Deliverance Childs who married March 3, 1757, 
Daniel Hamblin, was probably a daughter of Joseph born in 
Thomas ChUds, son of Richard, born 10th January, 1682, 
resided in the East Parish where he died, April 11, 1770, aged 

88. He married in 1710, Mary . Of his family only 

David appears to have remained in Barnstable. 

Children of Thomas Childs born in Barnstable. 

I. David, born July 20, 1711. See account below. 

n. Jonathan, Nov. 27, 1713. 

HI. Silas, March 10, 1715. Silas removed to Rhode Island, 
and it is said settled in Warren. He has many descend- 

IV. Hannah, born July 29, 1720, married Prince Taylor of 
Lebanon, Conn., March 6, 1748. 

V. Thomas, Sept. 10, 1725. 

VI. Benjamin, Dec. 4, 1727, married Rebecca, daughter of 
Stephen Davis of B., removed to Portland, had Thomas 
Sept. 25, 1752 ; Isaac, Feb. 10, 1755 ; and Rebecca, March 
9, 1769. He and his three children died early, and his 
widow gave her estate to her brothers and sisters in Barn- 

VII. Mary, born April 1, 1733. 

James Childs, son of Richard, born 6th Nov. 1694, married 
Sept. 27, 1722, Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Crocker. He died 
Nov. 2, 1779, aged 85. 

Children born in Barnstable. 

I. Samuel, July 15, 1723, married Feb. 20, 1752, Mary 
daughter of Thos. Hinckley, and had 1, Samuel, July 7, 
1753 ; Elijah, baptized Oct. 21, 1764 ; and Ebenezer, Jan. 
18, 1766 ; Elijah and Ebenezer of this family, owned the 
ancient house on the farm which was Dea. Cooper's at the 
settlement of the town. Ebenezer did not marry and his 
half of the house was sold to John Dexter. Elijah, mar- 
ried Nov. 10, 1785, Mary Gorham, and was the father of 
the present Dea. Samuel Childs and other children. He 
was many years master of the Barnstable and Boston 
packet sloop Romeo. 


II. James, born April 22, 1725, married June 5, 1755, Mary, 
daughter of David Parker, Esq., and had Elizabeth, born 
May 6, 1756; Daniel, baptized Aug. 10, 1760; Mary, 
baptized Feb. 15, 1761 ; Sarah, baptized Dec. 30, 1764, 
and James, baptized May 24, 1767. 

III. Elizabeth, born Dec. 20, 1730, married May 19, 1748, 
Daniel Crocker. 

IV. Sarah, born April 9, 1736, married May 2, 1754, Jonathan 

V. Thankful, born Aug. 4, 1741, married Joseph Lawrence of 
Sandwich, March 27, 1760. 

VI. Richard, born March 22, 1743-4. He inherited the estate 
which was his father's and grandfather's. He did not 
marry. He had a large wen on one of his ankles, which in 
the latter part of his life nearly disabled him from walking. 
He gave his estate to John Dexter, on the condition that 
he should support him for life. He died suddenly in 1805, 
aged about 61. 

David Childs, a son of Thomas, born July 20, 1711, married 
Jan. 29, 1734 by John Thacher, Esq., to Hannah, daughter of 
Gersham Cobb. His children born in Barnstable were : 

I. David, Feb. 7, 1735-6, married April 4, 1758, Hannah, 
daughter of Job Davis, and had 1, Susannah, July 30, 
1762, married Joseph Cobb, Sept. 30, 1784; 2, Asenath, 

Sept. 22, 1765, married 1st, Josiah Clark, 2d, 

Wild, and lived in Boston; 3, Job, Sept. 8, 1767, married 
Jane Claghorn, 24th Nov. 1785; 4, Hannah, Nov. 17, 
1769, married 4th April, 1788, Josiah Gorham ; 5, Anna, 
Nov. 1741, died unmarried, had Polly AUyn ; 6, Josiah, 
Dec. 14, 1773, married and then removed to Westborough 
and thence to Boston ; 7, David, July 8, 1775 ; 8, Shubael 

Davis, Dec. 16, 1777, married , died suddenly in 

Chelsea; 9, Benjamin, Aug. 11, 1779, died a young man, 
in Georgia; and 10, Edward, March 9, 1783, married 

thrice, 1, Jane Goodeno, 2, Cynthia Goodeno, 3, , 

died in Boston. 

II. Jonathan, Dec. 25, 1737, married Thankful Howland, 
March 19, 1787, removed to Sandwich. 

III. Anna, Aug. 18, 1742, died unmarried. 

IV. Asenath, Feb. 28, 1738-40, married Linnell. 

V. Josiah, Sept. 7, 1745, married 1st, Temperance, daughter 
of George Lewis. She died soon after marriage, of con- 
sumption, and he married 2d, Abigail, daughter of Nathan- 
iel Sturgis. He was with his uncle, Capt. James Churchill, 
in the French War, and during the Revolution, was one of 
the Home Guard, detailed for the defence of the coast. 
He was entitled to a pension, but did not obtain it. He 


was employed fifteen winters in trading voyages to the 
VI. Edward, Sept. 13, 1749, married Mary, daughter of Seth 
Lothrop. He was employed many years by the eccentric 
Dr. Abner Hersey, and as a reward for his faithful ser- 
vices, the Dr. in one of his early wills, gave him £100. 
The Dr. inquired of Edward what disposition he intended 
to make of the bequest. "Fit out my daughters and 
marry them off," was the inconsiderate reply. The Dr. 
could not tolerate even neatness in dress, was indignant at 
the reply, altered his will, and Edward lost the money. 
Josiah and Edward bought the small estate of John Logge, 
(a part of Elder Cobb's great lot) , which they divided, and each 
had a house thereon. Both were coopers and small farmers, and 
displayed more taste for horticultural and florticultural pursuits 
than was common in those days. Both, in early life, went on 
feather voyages, a term which few, at the present time, will under- 
stand. About a century ago, vessels were fitted out for the coast 
of Labrador to collect feathers and eider down. At a certain 
season of the year some species of wild fowl shed a part of their 
wing feathers, and either cannot fly, or only for a short distance. 
On some of the barren islands on that coast, thousands of those 
birds congregated. The crews of the vessels would drive them 
together, kill them with a short club or a broom made of spruce 
branches, and strip off their feathers. Millions of wild fowl were 
thus destroyed, and in a few years, their haunts were broken up 
by this wholesale slaughter, and their numbers so greatly dimin- 
ished that feather voyages became unpi'ofitable and were dis- 

For fourteen years subsequent to 1800 these brothers were 
oftener seen together than seperate. Every week day at 11 and 
4 o'clock they visited the groceries with a degree of punctuality which 
all noticed. Housewives that had no time-pieces, when they saw 
them, would say. Uncle Ned and Siah (as they were familiarly 
called) have passed, and it is time to set the table. At the close 
of his life, Edward became estranged from his brother and would 
liave no intercourse whatever with him. This was a great afflic- 
tion to Josiah, and no efforts or concessions he could make 
effected a reconciliation. Edward had some eccentricities. Per- 
haps his long and familiar intercourse with Dr. Hersey had in- 
fused that trait into his character. His feelings were strong, and 
when he took a dislike he was not easily reconciled. Josiah was 
a different man in this respect. He harbored no prejudices 
against any one. He was a kind hearted man, and a good neigh- 
bor. When young he took an interest in the history of the early 
settlements, and remembered many things that his grandfather had 
said to him. He stated that all the families of the name of 


Childs, in Barnstable, were descendants of the first Richard, 
which is probably the fact. He survived his brother, dying at an 
advanced age. 


Four of this uame came to New England. John, Sen'r, of 
Boston, said to have been the first who opened a store for the sale 
of goods in that city, was a ship-owner, and a man of wealth ; he 
died in 1658; John Jr., of Boston, son of Humphrey, and a 
nephew of John, Sen'r., died in 1674; Thomas was of Taunton 
in 1643, died March 4, 1653 ; Henry Coggin was of Boston in 
1634, afterwards of Scituate, and removed with the first settlers 
to Barnstable in 1639. July 1 1634, three cases, in one of which 
Henry, and in another, John Coggin was a party, were referred lo 
Gov. Winthrop and three others for adjustment and settlement. 
The matters in dispute are not fully stated ; but appear to have 
been connected with the settlement of a ship's voyage, in which 
Hem-y and John probably had an interest. 

Dec. 4, 1638, William Andrews was convicted of making an 
assault on Mr. Henry Coggin, striking him several blows and 
conspiring against his life. Andrews, as a part of his punishment 
was committed, or sold into slavery ; but on the 3d of September 
following, he was released, he promising to pay Mr. Henry Coggin 
eight pounds. 

Feb. 13, 1639-40, Mr. Henry Coggin assigned for 50 shillings 
sterling, and 20 bushels of Indian Corn, paid by Manaseth 
Kempton, of Plymouth, the services of Ms servant James Glass,* 
for the term of five years, from June 14, 1640. 

Oct. 14, 1643, he was one of the Committee appointed by the 
Court to cause a place or places in Barnstable to be fortified for 
the defence of the inhabitants against any sudden assault. 

June 5, 1644, he was on the grand jury, and at the same 
court he and Mr. Thomas Hinckley took the oath of fidelity. 
They had previously taken the same oath at Scituate. 

* .James Glass settled in Plymouth. He married Slst Oct., 1645, Mary, daughter of 
William Pontus, had Hannah, 2d June, 1647; Wybra, 9th Aug. 1649; Hannah again 24th 
Dec. 1651 ; and Mary posthumous. He was a freeman 1648, and was lost in a storm, Sept. 3, 
1652, near Plymouth harbor. Roger Glass, a servant of John Crocker, was probably a 
brother of James. 


The record of his lands in Barnstable was not made till 3d 
Feb. 1661-2. His home lot containing ten and one-half acres, 
was bounded easterly by Coggins's, now called Great Pond, 
southerlj' by the highway, and John Finney's land, westerly by 
Henry Bourne's land, and northerly by the meadow. His house 
stood near the spot where Sturgis Gorham, Esq., built the house 
now owned by the Smiths. The lot originall}' contained eleven 
acres and a half, one acre, before the record was made, had been 
sold to John Finney. This acre was near the present railroad 
crossing, and was bounded on the south by the highway, and on 
other sides by the land of Henry Coggiu, deceased. 

He also owned four acres of marsh adjoining his home lot ; 
four on Jewell's island ; eight of marsh and one acre of upland 
at Scorton ; fifty acres of land at the Indian pond ; and two 
shares in the Calve's pasture. 

He married, perhaps in England, Abigail Bishop. Her 
father, probably, never came to New England. Circumstance 
favors the supposition that Henry Coggin was a sea captain, and 
that his death, June 16, 1649, in England, occurred, not while he 
was on a visit to that country, as Mr. Savage supposes but while 
pursuing the regular course of his business as a trader between 
London and Boston. This is probably the fact. Nothing is 
positively known on the subject. The case which he had with 
John Tilly shows that he had some connection with ships, and the 
fact that he was entited to be called Mr. in Massachusetts, shows 
•that he was a man of good standing, not a common sailor. His 
widow married John Finney, according to the Church Records, 
July 9, 1650, and according to the Colony Records, 10th June, 
1650 ; she died 6th May, 1653. 

Children of Mr. Henry Coggin. 

I. Abigail, born probably in Scituate, about the year 1637. 
She married 21st June, 1659, John French, of Billerica. 
He was a son of William, and came over in the Defence 
with his parents at the age of 5 months. She died soon 
after ,her marriage leaving no issue. 

II. Thomas, baptized at the Barnstable Church March 2, 1639- 
40, died 26th Feb. 1658-9 ; but according to the Colony 
Records he was buried 28th Jan. 1658-9. I 

III. John, baptized Feb. 12, 1642-3. In 1654 his parents were 
dead, and all his brothers and sisters excepting Abigail. 
His father-in-law had taken a third wife who had no sympa- 
thy for these children. Mar. 1, 1658-9 Mr. Isaac Robinson 
and Gyles Rickard, Sen'r., of Plymouth, complained to the 

1 1 usually follow the dates on the Church EecoriJs. These are noted in the order in 
which they occuiTed. The Town Eecords from which the Colony were copied, hare been 
transcribed sevci-al times, and the order in which they are arranged affords no clue for 
detecting errors. 


Court that these orphan children living with Finney, suffered 
wrong in several respects and their case was referred to 
Gov. Prence and Mr. Thomas Hinckley to examine. On the 
3d of May following, John Coggin having made choice of 
Capt. James Cudwerth and Mr. Isaac Robinson, the Court 
appointed them his guardians ; but ordered that he should 
remain with his father-in-law tOl the June Court, and mean- 
time to be Itept at school all the time, excepting six days. 
The. Court delayed giving any definite order, to give Mr. 
Finney time to make up the accounts of the estate, and 
because letters were expected from Mr. Bishop, the grand- 
father, who was probably in England. June 7, 1659, all 
the lands of Henry Goggin, deceased, were transferred to 
the guardians of John. In these proceedings Abigail is not 
named. She was then of age and married soon after, as 
above stated. ^ 

April 8, 1664, John Coggin executed a discharge of his lov- 
ing friends and guardians, acknowledging himself to be 
fully satisfied with their management in relation to himselfr 
and his estate. On the 8th of the following June, the 
Court declared John Coggin to be "heir apparent" of Henry 
Goggin, deceased,* and authorized him to make sale of 
the lands that were his father's. The houselot, meadows 
adjoining, and on Jewell's island, and shares in the Calve's 
Pasture, he sold to his father-in-law, the meadow at Scor- 
ton to Capt. Matthew Fuller, and his great lot at Indian 
Pond to Wm. Crocker. He married 22d Dec. 1664, Mary 
Long, of Charlestown, and had children, Henry and John. 

IV. Mary, baptized April 20, 1645, buried May 3, 1645. 

V. Henry, baptized Oct. 11, 1646. I find no record of his 
death ; he was not living in 1669. 

The parties named in connection with this family, were 
among the most respectable in this, and in the Mass. Col- 
ony.]: The name is written Coggin, Coggan, Cogan, Cog- 
gen, and by Mr. Lothrop, Cogain. The records of Mr. 
Lothrop's Church in London are lost, but circumstances 
make it probable that Mr. Coggin was a member in Eng- 
land, and was admitted to fellowship in the Scituate and 
Barnstable Church, without any formed proceedings on 
record. Circumstances indicate that such were the facts, 
not only in regard to Mr. Coggin ; but to other members of 
the London Church, who came over and finally settled 
in Barnstable. § 

JMary Gaunt was a kinsman of Henry Coggin and probably resided in his family. She 
married Francis Crooker. 

§1 have heretofore suggested that the old name of Coggin's pond be restored. The 
present name is indefinite and without meaning. In spelling the name I have followed the 
town records. Cogain is perhaps better. Let the station on the Cape Cod Railroad be 
called Cogain's Pond station. 


Dea. John Cooper was one of the first settlers in Barnstable. 
He came to Plymouth about the year 1632, and there married on 
the 27th Nov. 1634, Priscilla, widow of William Wright and 
daughtei; of Alexander Carpenter,* of Leyden. She had no issue 
by either marriage that survived her. In 1683 she removed to 
Plymouth where she died Dec. 29, 1689, aged 91. The following 
is a copy of her letter of dismission from the Barnstable to the 
J'lymouth Church : 

"ffor ye Rev'd Elders of ye CCh. of Ct., at Plymouth, to 
bee communicated to ye CCh. there, Rev'd and beloved Brethren, 

The providence of God having rernoved ye Widow Cooper 
A. member of ye CCh of Ct. at Barnstable fro. us to dwell w'th 
you ; and she desiring to partake with you of ye good things of 
God's house, and to be under yo'r watch and care, and in order 
y'r unto to bee dismissed fro. o'er CCh unto you ; y'r fore if 
you judge meet to receive her, wee do dismiss her fro. us unto 
yo'r holy^ communion ; as one yt has walked orderly while w'th 
us, and do commend her to you unto ye grace of God in all you'r 
holy Administrations. 

In ye name and w'th consent of 
ye CCh of Ct. at Barnstable, 

Barnst : pr nos, 

8 r: 15, 1683, Jonath: Bussel, Pastor. 

John Chijiman, Elder. f 

* Alexander Carpenter was one of Mr. Bobininson's church at Leyden. Five of his 
daughters are named : 

I. Anna, also named Agnes, in the Dutch records, called a maid oi "Wrentham, in Eng- 
land, married April 30, 1613, Samuel Fuller, afterwards the physician of the Plymouth 
Colony. She died early. 

II. Julian or Julia Ann, bom 1584, married 23d July, 1612, at Leyden, George Morton, 
2d, Manasseth Kempton, of Plymouth, died 19th Feb. 1664-5, aged 81. 

III. Alice, bom 1590, married first Constant Southworth, was a widow whea she came over, 
married 2d Got. William Bradford, 14th Aug. 1623, and died March 26, 1670, aged 80. 

IV. Priscilla, bom 1598, married as above stated. 

"V". Mary, according to Mr. Savage, born in 1577 and died unmarried at Plymouth, March 
- 19, 1668, aged 90. Mr. Bussell says in 1638, if so she was bom in 1693, a letter of hers 
hjs recently been published, giving information respecting the family ; but I cannot at 
this moment find it. 

t This letter is printed to correspond as nearly with the original as the types usually 
found in a printing office will admit. In old manuscripts, th is made like the modem letter 
y. Many transcribers of old manuscripts use y instead of th. This practice is ^vrong, 
because the character was intended for th not for v. 


Dea. Cooper was admitted a freeman Jan. 1, 1634-5 ; re- 
moved to Scituate before 1638 ; and was one of the grantees of 
the lands between North and South rivers, made that year. Sept. 
3„ 1638, Cooper's island containing 18 acres was granted to him, 
which he sold in 1639, to William Wills, and the island bears the 
name of the latter, to this day. He was constable of Barnstable 
in 1640, and a deputy to the Colony Court in 1642, and '43. 
March 24, 1640-1 he was "invested into the office of a Deacon 
Mr. Lothrop, Mr. Mayo and Dea. Cobb laying on hands." 

His home lot was the fourth west from Coggin's pond. 1, 
Henry Coggins containing twelve acres ; 2, Henry Bourne's, eight 
acres ; 3, James Hamblin's, twenty acres, and 4, Dea. Cooper's, 
containing twenty-four acres. The latter was bounded northerly 
by the marsh, easterly by Mr. Groom, J westerly by Isaac Robin- 
son, and southerly "running into ye woods." Deacon Cooper's 
house was on this lot, and stood near the present location of the 
ancient house now owned by William Hinckley and Elijah Childs. 
A part of that house is ancient and it is not improbable that it is 
the same which was owned by Deacon Cooper. He also owned 
the meadow on the north of his home-lot, of the same width with 
the upland and extending north to the great creek ; a share in the 
Calve's Pasture containing half an acre ; a little neck of land 
pointing southerly into the Great Pond, with eight acres of 
upland against it, bounded northerly by a great swamp ; and a 
neck of land between the Great and Shoal ponds. The first 
named neck of land he sold May 9, 1656, to Roger Goodspeed, 
and the other to John Hall 14th Feb. 1660-1. 

Dea. Cooper had no children. His sister Lydia married 25th 
Dec. 1635, Nathaniel Morton, son of George, and Secretary of 
the Colony from 1645, till he died June 29, 1685, and the author 
of that well known work, the New England's Memorial. Dea. 
Cooper was the brother-in-law of the Secretary, and his wife, 
Priscilla, was his aunt. She was also nearly related to the Brad- 
ford and Fuller families. Mr. Dean says that Dea. Cooper in his 
will, gave half of his estate to the Barnstable Church and. half to 
his sister Lydia, after the decease of his wife. He was not a 
man of large estate and it is not probable that much remained at 
the death of his widow. 

A small pond in the northerly part of his home-lot is still 
known as Cooper's pond, and a small island on the north thereof 
is called by his name. A marsh island at the north of Rendevous 

X Who this Mr. Groom was I am unable to ascertain. It seems that in 1653, when the 
record of Dea. Cooper's land was made, that he owned a part of the land, recorded proba- 
bly the next year 1654, as the property of James Hamblin. There was a family of that 
name in Middlesex County. There was a Sa'inuel, 61 Salisbury, in 1850, a mariner, dignified 
■iTlth the prefix of Mr. who went home to London before 16S8. Was he that Quaker who 
published iu 1676 "A Glass for the people of N. B." Perhaps the name is Green. An 
Isaac Green, a suiTcyor, was early of Barnstable and removed to Falmouth at the settle- 
ment of that tomi and had a family thcrp. 


Creek is also called Cooper's island ; but I think the name is more 
modern than the time of Dea. Cooper. Great or Nine Mile Pond 
is also called Cooper's Pond on the record — a good name — and if 
revived would help preserve the memory of one of the best men 
among the settlers of Barnstable. § 

§ There was another man of the name of John Cooper in the Colony — a man who did 
not sustain the excellent character of Dea. John of Barnstable» and the reader of the 
Colony records must be careful not to confound the two. 


Edward Coleman, of Boston, and Margaret, daughter of 
Thomas Lumbard, of Barnstable, were married at Eastham by 
Mr. France, Oct. 27, 1648. He was of Boston in 1655, and 
probably came to Barnstable soon after that date. He was 
admitted an inhabitant Oct. 3, 1662, and was living 26th March, 
1690, when the town granted 25 acres of land at "Yannows" to 
his son Edward, "on the condition that he do his utmost for the 
maintainance of his father and mother and the rest of the family." 
This grant was at the south-east corner of the town, bounded 
easterly by the bounds of Yarmouth, "south by the harbor at 
Yannows," west by the Hallett land, and north by the commons. 
Margaret Coleman was living Nov. 12, 1714 ; but Edward Senior 
and Junior were then both dead. 

Children of Edward Coleman, born in Boston. 

I. Edward. The date of his birth was probably 1649. He 
died in 1714, leaving no issue, and his estate was divided to 
his mother Margaret ; his sister Widow Elizabeth Hadaway ; 
his sister Sarah Coleman, and the children of his only 
brother James Coleman. 

II. Elizabeth, born 28th 11 mo. 1651, was the second wife of 
the first John Hadaway, whom she married in Yarmouth, 
May 1, 1672. 

III. Mary, born 12th Sept. 1653. 

IV. Martha, born 8th Aug. 1655. 

V. Sarah, probably born in Barnstable, unmarried in 1714. 

VI. James, probably born in Barnstable, married Patience, 
daughter of James Cobb. He was not living in 1714, and 
his widow married 10th Sept. 1715, Thomas Lumbard. 
She died March 30, 1747, aged 78 years. 

Children of James Coleman. 

I. Edward, 25th Oct. 1695, married Thankful Lumbard, 16th 
Sept. 1716. The names of his children I do not find on the 


town records. His son Edward was baptized Nov. 7, 1725, 
and his daughter Miriara Oct. 29, 1727. The latter married 
Dec. 13, 1750, Joseph Bacon, Jr. 

II. Martha, 4th March, 1698, married Sept. 25, 1718, Capt. 
John Phinney, the founder of Gorham, Maine. She had 
nine children, viz : 4 in Barnstable ; 3 in Portland ; and 2 
in Gorham. 

III. Thanljful, 7th Feb. 1699-1700, married Jan. 16, 1722-3, 
Robert Claghorn, and died April 1770, aged 70 years and 2 
months. ) 

IV. A son, 26th Feb. 1702-3, died same diy. 

V. James, 11th April, 1704, married March 12, 1727-8 Pati- 
ence, daughter of Dea. John Phinney. He married 2d 
Martha (Phinney.) His children were Martha, born Jan. 
31, 1758-9, probably died young. By his second wife, 
Martha again, March 19, 1732-3. 3, James, Aug. 8, 1735, 
njarried, Sept. 24, 1761, Zerviah Thomas, and June 28, 
1763, Ann Lumbard. 4, John, May 14, 1739, removed to 
Granville, N. S. married Feb. 19, 1764, Abigail, daughter 
of Capt. -James Delap. He lived to be aged, and has 
descendants in Nova Scotia. 5, Mary, born March 27, 
1739, married March 15, 1763, David Howland. Mr. 
James Coleman died April 16, 1781, aged 77, and his widow 
Feb. 29, 1784, aged 80. 

VI. Jolm, born 26th Sept. 1706, married Aug. 5, 1736, Reliance, 
widow of Eleazer Cobb. She died June 11, 1742, aged 36, 
and he married 2d, Mary Hamblin, Aug. 2, 1743. He 
resided in the ancient Samuel Cobb house till Nov. 20, 1746, 
when he removed to South Sea. His children were all 
baptized at the East Church, namelv : Martha, June 19, 
1737; John, Oct. 29, 1738; Mary, May 11, 1740; Mary 
again, August 5, 1744; Thomas, November 8, 1747; 
Nathaniel, Sept. 17, 1749 ; Zaccheus, Feb, 24, 1750-1 ; 
Reliance, April 26, 1752. Nathaniel of this family was 
insane tlie latter part of his life. He believed the land had 
everywhere become soft and mu-y. He carried a very long 
cane with a ram's horn on the upper end, and his hat was 
ornamented with feathers of various colors, stuck under the 
band. Notwithstanding his constant fear of sinliing, he was 
good natvured, cheerful, and inoffensive. As he walked 
thro' the streets, feeling his way, with his left foot always 
in advance of his right, he would sing these words, "Bacon's 
got home and brought me a new ram's horn, a new ram's 
horn, a new ram's horn." 

VII. Patience, 6th May, 1709, married June 20, 1732, James 

VIII. Ebenezer, 15th Aug. 1711. 


The town records respecting this family are defective. The 
deficiencies, I presume, may be supplied from the Church and 
Probate records. 

Edward Coleman built the first house at Hyannis. At that 
time all the southerly part of Barnstable was called "South Sea," 
and the Indians resident there, "South Sea Indians." The earli- 
est settlers at South Sea were John Thompson, who sold his land 
to John Lovell, Roger Goodspeed, Jona Hatch, Thomas Bumpas, 
and Joshua Lumbert. The first building erected by the whites 
was a warehouse by Nicholas Davis, near where Timothy Baker's 
store now stands, and on land presented to him by the Sachem 

In 1697 the "South Sea" men were Thomas Macy, John, 
Benjamin, and Ebenezer Goodspeed, sons of Roger ; John Lovell, 
and his sons John, James, William, and Andrew ; John Issum, 
Thomas Bumpass, Dollar Davis, Thomas Lewis, Joshua Lumbert, 
John Lianell, John Phinney, Jr., Edward Lewis, Joseph Lothrop, 
Jr., John Lewis, and Edward Coleman. 

Soon after this date the Hallett, Crowell, Bearse, and Clag- 
horn families settled at South Sea. Jouatlian Lewis, who, accord- 
ing to tradition, was the first settler in the present village of 
Hyannis, probably did not build his house before his marriage in 
1703. The foregoing statement shows that Edward Coleman was 
the first settler at Hyannis. His house was at the south-east 
corner of the town, not far from Baxter's wharf. 

The Indian villages at South Sea, beginning at the south-west 
corner of the town were, 1st, Cotuit or Satuite, the present name ; 
2d, Mistic, now Marston's Mills ; 3, Cot-o-ches-et, now Osterville ; 
4, Shon-co-net, now corrupted into Skunknet ; 5, Che-qua-quet, 
or Wee-qua-quet, now Centreville and Hyannis Port ; 6, Tam-a- 
hap-pa-see-a-kon. This was the name of the brook, now known 
as Baxter's Mill Pond and River. The lands in the vicinity were 
probably known by the same name. Tliis was the uniform prac- 
tice of the Indians, and it was not probably departed from in this 
case. The name being a long one, and difficult; to pronounce was 
dropped, and the name of the Sachem adopted. As -I intend 
devoting an article to this name, I will here make only one 
remark. In writing this name all the early writers, excepting 
Thacher, dropped the aspirate H at the beginning, and wrote the 
name lyanough, Yanno, or J anno. The popular pronunciation of 
the name indicates that the orthography of Mr. Thacher's Hianno, 
is the best. 

All the Indian names that I have succeeded in translating 
are descriptive terms, suggested by some physical peculiarity of 
the region to which they were applied. Cotuit or Satuit means 
"cold brook," and was so named because there are many springs 
of cool water in the vicinity of the pond and brook of tihat name. 


There is a brook of the same name in Scituate, from which that 
town derives its name. Mistic is a name that is forgotten and 
lost, by the people who reside in that vicinity. Marston's Mills 
is not an improvement on the Indian name. 

Cot-o-che-set. The manner in which this name is written on 
the town records, has probably had an influence in bringing it into 
disuse. For more than half a century it was the popular name of 
Oyster Island village. The island was so named on account of 
the abundance of Oysters found in its vicinity — a very appropriate 
name for the island ; but not applicable to the main land. When 
the post-ofHce was established in the village, about thirty years 
ago, it was called Osterville, for what good reason is unknown. 
The old name Cot-o-che-set, is a better one, more expressive, and 
at the time of the change, was familiar to many of the aged. 

Skon-ko-net, perhaps a derivative of Kong-kont, the crow, 
and so called because those birds frequent that region. This 
name is now incorrectly written and pronounced Skunknet. Only 
the northerly and westerly part of the tract formerly so-called is 
now so designated. The western branch of the Skon-ke-net river 
is now known as Bump's river, and the easterly as Phinney's mill 

The changing of a few letters in an Indian name, often 
makes a redical change in the meaning of the word. Che-qua- 
quet signifies "the edge of a forest." The large knurls on the 
oak were called by the same name. As these abound more on 
the edge than in the center of a forest, it is not surprising that in 
a language containing so few words as the Indian, that both 
shoukl be called by the same name. The termination, "et," was 
applied to places near the water, so that the literal meaning of 
Che-qua-quet seems to be "a village situate on the edge of the 
forest and by the sea-shore." This is descriptive of the place, 
and probably the true signification of the name. 

The village was by Bourne, as quoted, Gooken, called Wee- 
qua-keet, a different name, Wee-koh-quat, is "fair weather," and 
with the terminal "et," instead of "at," the meaning would \je 
fair weather harbor or river. Mr. Bourne's authority is not to be 
rejected for slight reasons. In the records, where the name 
frequently occurs, it is uniformly written Che-qua-quet, with some 
unimportant variations in the orthography — never Wee-qua-keet. 
The popular pronunciation of the name is uniformly Che or Cha, 
not Wee-qua-quet. This is not conclusive ; but taken in connec- 
tion with the records, I think it settles the question in favor of 
Che-qua-quet as the best authorized spelling of the name. 

When the post-office was established, the old name was 
dropped and the French Centreville adopted. This is not so 
objectionable as Osterville, yet it is no improvement on the old. 
There is, however, one objection ; there are many post-offices of 


that name, and for that reason mail matter is now liable to be 
mis-sent. This objection would not be applicable to the name 

*For the definition of Che-qua-qiiet and many other Indian names, I am indebted to 
an intelligent Indian Chief irom the West. He had a perfect knowledge of his native tongue 
which was a dialect of the language spoken by the Massachusetts Indians. He could 
read withoutmucli difficulty Eliot's ludiau bible, and Cotton's vocabulary. He was very 
cautious in giving his opinion. The names of places were often spelt so diflerently from 
the manner in which he was accustomed to write the equivalent words that he did not 
always recognize them. He asked me several times if the pronunciation of the first sylable 
of Che-qua-quet was Che or Tshe, not Wee, because the meaning of the name depended on 
that pronunciation. The meaning of the name of a pond in Mashpee, which be gave me, 
is confirmed by Mr. Marston, the Indian superintendent, as it« tinae meaning. I have also 
attempted to obtain information from members of the Penobscot tribe, out with little 


Two brothers named John and William Crocker, were among 
the first settlers in Barnstable, William came with Mr. Lothrop 
and his church Oct. 21, 1639, and John the following spring. 
There was also a Francis Crocker of Barnstable, able to bear 
arms, Aug. 1643. He was one of the soldiers in the Narraganset 
Expedition, sent from Barnstable Aug. 1645. He married in 
1647, Mary Grant "a kinswoman of Mr. Goggain of Barn- 
stable,"* and removed to Scituate, and from thence to Marshfield. 
He had a family, and his descendents now write their name 

John Crocker, the elder brother, left no family ; but William's 
posterity are very numerous. Perhaps no one of the first comers, 
has more descendants now living. A large majority of all in the 
United States, and in the British Provinces of the name, trace 
their descent from Dea. William of Barnstable. The descendants 
of Francis are not numerous. A Thomas Crocker, born in 1633, 
settled in New London and had a family. Widow Anne Crocker 
of Scituate, had a son Moses born in 1650, but it does not appear 
that he has any descendants. Mr. Savage names an Edward of 
Boston, who was the public executioner in 1684, and a Daniel 
who married in 1660, but these were perhaps descendants of 

It is said, on how good authority I have not ascertained, that 
John and William Crocker came over in 1634, either in the same 
ship with Rev. Mr. JjOthrop, or in another that sailed about the 
same time, and that they stopped in Roxbury before they settled 
in Scituate. Th6y did not remain long in Roxbury, for their 

*The renowned Capt. ^obn Smith, probably the first white who visited Barnstable har- 
bor, wrote this name as here spelled. The town in England ii'om which our town was 
na)aed is now written Barnstaple. On his return from his voyage in 1614, he presented to 
Prince Charles a schedule of Indian names of places, and recommended new ones. For 
Naembeck, (probably Naumkeag, Salem) he proposed the name of Bastable, for Chaw-tim 
(Shaume) part of Sandwich, Barrwick, (forAccomack, Plymouth, &c. A few of the new 
names are retained. Mr. John BuLey (probably John Bursley) afterwards of Barnstable, 
owned one-fourth of the two ships which Capt. bmith commanded in 1614. 


names do not appear on the Massachusetts Colony Records. 

Crocker or Croker as the name is usually written in England, 
is very ancient. An old proverbial distich record that, 
"Crosker, Crewys, and Copplestone, 
When the Conqueror came, were at home." 
The family of Crocker, originally seated at Crocker's Hale, 
and Crokern. For, in Devonshire, became possessed of Lineham, 
by marriage with the heirs of Churchill. The genealogy of the 
Crokers of Lineham is accurately recorded and exhibits a descent 
of eleven John Crockers in almost uninterrupted succession. 
Members of the family removed to Cornwall, Waterford, and 
other places. (See Bui-ke.) 


It incidentally appears by Mr. Lothrop's church records, that 
John Crocker was an inhabitant of Scituate in 1636. Feb. 1, 
1638-9, he and other inhabitants of Scituate took the oath of 
allegiance. March 3, 1639-40, he is called of Scituate, but he 
probably removed soon after this date to Barnstable. Mr. Deane 
says he probably did not remove till 1654 ; but this is a mistake, 
for he was certainly of Barnstable Aug. 1643. The account 
given by Mr. Deane of his family, is erroneous and the fault is 
perhaps chargeable to his printer, and not to the author, the name 
of John having been inadvertantly substituted bj' the printer for 
that of William. His wife's name was Joan or Jane. The date 
of his marriage does not appear on record, probably not till late 
in life. In Mr. Lothrop's list of the householders in Scituate his 
name does not occur, making it probable that he was not married 
till after 1637. If he had any children they all died young, for 
he had none living at his death in 1669. 

The farm of John Crocker, now owned by the descendants 
of his brother William, is at the north-east corner of the West 
Parish in Barnstable, and is thus described on the town records : 
"Forty acres of upland, more or less, bounded easterly by 
Goodman Bearse, westerly by Mr. Dimmock, northerly by the 
marsh, and southerly into the woods." He also owned forty 
acres of salt marsh adjoining his farm on the north ; and thirty 
acres of upland at the Indian p(md, the later he sold 24th Feb. 
1662-3, to John Thompson. Feb. 10, 1668-9, (the day on which 
he executed his will) Abraham Blush conveyed to him for £5,10, 
his great lot containing forty acres of upland and six of marsh. 
This lot is situated on the east side of Scorton Hill, and is now 
known as the Bodfish farm. By Blush's deed it appears that John 
Crocker had formerly owned meadow in that vicinity, then owned 
by Edward Fitzrandolph. 

John Crocker was propounded to be a freeman June 6, 1649, 
and admitted on the 4th of June following. He was a juryman 
in 1647, '50 and '54; and surveyor of the liighways in 1668. 


June 6, 1649, he was licensed to keep an ordinary, tiie name by 
which taverns or public houses were then known. 

March 2, 1646-7 he made a complaint against Thomas Shaw, 
which is entered on the Colony Records, and it incidentally fur- 
nishes some information that is of interest. This is the first crimi- 
nal complaint made against a Barnstable man, and is interesting 
on that account. It shows that John Crocker was a good-liver, 
that his house was either pallisade built, or surrounded by a 
pallisade ; and that small, as well as large offenders were 
promptly and severely dealt with. (See Casely No. 33.) 

"At a General Court holden March 2d, in the x x i j th year 
of his Maj'etts now Raigne, of England, &c., 1646-7. 

At this Court John Crocker compl. against Thomas Shawe 
for coming into his house by putting aside some loose pallizadoes 
on the Lords day, about the middle of the day, and tooke and 
carried out of his said house some venison, some beefe, some 
butter, cheese, bread, and tobacco, to the value of x i i d, which 
the said Thomas Shaw openly in publike Court confessed, sub- 
mitting himself to the censure of the Court ; whereupon, his 
sureties being released, he was committed to the Marshall's 
charge ; and the Court censured him to make satisfaction for the 
goods stolen, 1 sh., being so valued, and 14 s, 4 d, a peece to the 
two men that attended on him to the Court, and to be publikely 
whipt at the post, which was accordingly don by the publike 

John Crocker's house stood near the ancient dwelling-house 
recently occupied by Joseph and Prince Crocker deceased. Per- 
haps that house was originally John Crocker's, enlarged by its 
subsequent owners. It appears by the above extract that the 
house was either pallisade built or was surrounded by pallisade 
fence. The nine houses first built in Scituate were small pallisade 
houses and intended only as temporary residences. They were 
not built as the log-houses at the West are built, by piling logs 
horizontally over each other ; but with small poles, placed in 
paralled rows, and filled in with stones and clay. Some of the 
better kinds were plastered. The I'oofs were thatched with the 
long sedge that grows abundantly near the creeks in the salt 
meadows. The fire-place was built of stone, and the chimney of 
sticks piled like a cob-house and plastered on the inside with clay. 
Straw or thatch served for a floor and a carpet. The south-east 
slope of a hill, near water, was usually selected by the first 
settlers on which to place their dwellings. By digging into the 
hill-side a secure back to the fire-place was obtained and the labor 
of building one side diminished. As a substitute for glass, oiled 
paper was used. Such houses were called by some of the early 
writers booths, that is a shelter made of slight materials for tem- 
porary purposes. A few such houses were put up in Barnstable, 
by those who came with Mr. Lothrop in October, 1639. Many of 


those who came in the spring of that year had good substantial 
frame-houses. A saw mill had then been erected in Scituate and 
lumber, for covering and finishing buildings, could be cheaply 
procured. Mr. Hull, Mr. Mayo, Thos. Lumbert, Mr. Dimmock, 
and others had frame-houses. According to tradition preserved 
in the family, the first house built by Gov. Hinckley, and that by 
his father Samuel, were on the east side of Goggins' pond, had 
thatched roofs, and were not much better than the booths above 
described, yet they were the only houses they had for several 

It is doubtful whether the first comers ever built any houses 
of the description now known as log-houses. Block houses of a 
similar construction to a log-house, were built early. They were 
constructed of hewn timbers, two stories high, and adapted for 
defence against Indian hostilities as well as for a residence. A 
block house was built in Yarmouth ; but in- Barnstable, the lower 
stories of all the fortification houses were of stone, and have 
already been described. 

Some of the pallisade houses built by the first settlers, were 
the most comfortable and durable houses built. Elder John 
Chipman's, I believe, was so constructed, Mr. John Crow's, of 
Yarmouth, certainly was, and stood nearly two centuries, required 
but little repair, and, in fact, the recent owners did not know that 
it was so constructed till it was taken down. This house was 
built by taking large sticks of timber for sills and plates, boring 
two paralled rows of holes in each, about six inches apart, except- 
ing where doors or windows were to be placed, and filling between 
with stones and clay. This formed the walls of the house, which 
were plastered with shell mortar inside and out. The Crowell 
house was afterwards clap boarded, which concealed the original 
construction from sight. 

Jolin Crocker's house probably was not so constructed, 
because it would be difficult for any one to have removed the 
pallisadoes and entered the house in the manner described. 
Many of the early settlers built a pallisade around their houses, 
and John Crocker probably did, as a defence against the Indians, 
and to keep out intruders and wild beasts. Such pallisades were 
built of small logs 12 or 15 feet long, sharpened at each end and 
set or driven into the ground side by side, so as to form a fence 
ten feet high, which it would be difficult for man or beast to 

He died in 1669 leaving a wife Jane, but no children. After 
providing for his widow he gave his estate to the sons of his 
brother William, and appointed his nephew Job, his executor. 
The latter came into possession of the old homestead, and it is 
now owned by his descendants. 

He was a very different man from his brother Dea. William. 


He was illiterate, kept a public house where it was customary in 
early times, for a certain class of people, found in all commu- 
nities, to assemble to drink, and indulge in low and vicious 
conversation. Such company and such associations never im- 
prove the temper or moral character of a man, or add anything to 
his respectable standing in society. His treatment of his servant 
Roger Glass, a very worthy young man, shows that he was a man, 
"In whose veins the milk of human kindness did not flow." That 
he belonged to Mr. Lothrop's church, does not appear. He was 
one of the pioneer settlers in Scituate and in Barnstable. He 
was not a perfect man. His ashes rest in the old burying-ground 
beside thosa of the fathers where it will be well to let them rest 
in peace. 

William Crocker, a younger brother of John, joined Mr. 
Lothrop's church in Scituate Dec. 25, 1636. He came to Barn- 
stable Oct. 21, 1639, and his daughter Elizabeth, baptized Dec. 
22, 1639, is the fourth on the list, showing that he was among the 
first who came. He built a frame house in Scituate in 1636 — the 
forty-fourth built in that town. June 5, 1644, he was propounded 
a freeman, but does not appear to have been admitted till after 
1652. He was constable of Barnstable in 1644; on the grand 
jury in 1654, '55, '57, '61, '67 and '75 ; selectman in 1668 ; 
deputy to the Colony Court in 1670, 71, and 74 ; and surveyor of 
highways 1673. In the year 1675 he was on the jury which 
condemned the murderers of John Sassamon, secretary of King 
Phillip. He was one of the leading men in early times and was 
often employed in the business of the town and in settling the 
estates of deceased persons. 

He probably settled first in the easterly part of the town, 
and removed to West Barnstable about the year 1643. The loss 
of the early records makes it difficult to decide, but it is probable 
that his first house in Barnstable was on the lot next west of 
Henry Bourne's. He had a large landed estate, and for many 
years was perhaps the richest man in town. His sons were all 
men of wealth. In 1703 his son Joseph was the owner of the 
largest estate in Barnstable. 

In 1655, Dea. William Crocker owned one hundred and 
twenty-six acres of upland, and twenty-two acres of meadow at 
West Barnstable, and forty acres of upland at the Indian ponds.* 
The West Barnstable farm was bounded easterly by the farm of 
John Smith, now known as the Otis farm, and by the farm of 
Samuel Hinckley, now owned by Levi L. Goodspeed, southerly 

t Tbe Indian ponds are three in number, and form the head waters of the stream now 
known as Marston's Mill river. Excepting where the water was very high, all these ponds 
did "not originally connect with the mill stream. They were called the Indian I'ouds 
because the Indian land reservation was on their borders. On the town records there is an 
entry of five dollars, paid for permanently closing one of the passages ; and, at some former 
time a new outlet was excavated at a very considerable expense, probably for the purpose 
of admitting herring. 


it extended into the woods. The southerly part of the farm, in 
1654, was bounded on the west by the commons, and the northerlj' 
part by lands then owned by Governor Bodfish, and afterwards 
by Lieut. John Howland. He afterwards added largely to his 
West Barnstable farm, and to the farm at the Indian pond, the 
latter containing one hundred acres at his death. The West 
Barnstable farm was two miles in length from north to south, 
extending from the salt meadows on the waters at Barnstable 
harbor to the neighborhood of the West Barnstable meeting- 
house. The lands he first occupied were the south-easterly part 
of the farm, the old stone house which, according to tradition, 
was his first residence, was about a fourth of a mile easterly from 
the West Barnstable church. This stone or fortification house 
was taken down many years ago. A few aged persons remember 
to have seen it in a ruinous state. This part of the farm his son 
Josiah afterwards owned. There was another stone house on the 
south-westerly part of the farm owned by the descendants of 
Eleazer. This was talsen down about the year 1815. It was 
called the old Stone Fort, and stood where Capt. Josiah Fish's 
house now stands. It was about 25 feet in front and 20 feet on 
the rear. The walls of the lower story were built of rough stones 
laid in clay mortar, and nearly three feet in thickness. The 
upper story was of wood and projected over the lower on the 
front, about three feet. In this projection were a number of loop 
holes about six inches square, closed by small trap doors. The 
windows in the lower story were high and narrow. These and 
the loop holes in the projection, were intende*& to be used as port- 
holes, should the building be assaulted by hostile Indians. The 
earliest known occupant, to any now living, was Mr. Benoni 
Crocker, a great-grand-son of Dea. William. He made a two 
story addition on the south-side, which was occupied by his son 

Dea. William Crocker married in 1636 Alice. She was living 
in 1683, was the mother of all his children ; but died soon after 
that date. He married second Patience, widow of Robert Parker 
and a daughter of Elder Henry Cobb. He died in the fall of 
1692. His age is not stated, but he was propably about 80 years 
of age. His will is printed below at full length. It is a docu- 
ment that will be interesting to his descendants, and to the public 
as a specimen of the manner in which those instruments were 
drawn up iii olden times. 

The last will and testament of Deacon William Crocker of 
Barnstable, in New England. 

The 6th day of September Anno Dom. 1692 I, William 
Crocker of Barnstable, being sick and weak in body but throu ye 
mercy of God of disposing mind and memory, and knowing ye 
uncertainty of this life on earth, and being desirous to settle 


things in order, do make tliis my last will and testament in man- 
ner and forme following, viz : first and principally, I give and 
committ my soul to God in Jesus Christ my Saviour and Redeemer 
throw whose pretious death and merrits I hope to find ye free 
pardon and remition of all my sinnes, and everlasting salvation, 
and my body to ye earth from whence it was talien, to be buried 
in such decent manner as to my Executor hereafter named, shall 
seem meet and convenient, and as touching my wordly estate 
which God hath in mercy lent unto me, my will is to bestow ye 
same as hereafter is expressed, and I do hereby revoke and make 
void all wills by me formerly made and declared and appoint this 
to be my last will and testament. 

Imprimus my will is that all those debts and duties which I 
owe in right or conscience to any person or persons whatsoever, 
shall be well and truly contented and paid when convenient by my 

Itt. I give and bequeath unto Patience my loving wife, 
besides ye liberty to dispose of all ye estate which she brought 
with her or had at ye time of our intermarriage, and besides ye 
forty pounds I then promised to give her, in case she should sur- 
vive me, I give unto her my best bedd and bedstead with all ye 
ffurniture thereto belonging. 

Itt. I give and bequeath to my eldest son John Crocker my 
now dwelling house and lands both upland and ffresh meadows 
adjoyning and belonging thereunto now and of late under my 
occupation and improvement to have and to hold to him his heirs 
and assignes foreve^he or they paying to ye s'd Patience my wife 
twenty pounds of ye fores'd forty pounds she is to receive, and I 
do also hereby confirm to him my son John his heirs and assignes 
forever all those parcels of land I heretofore gave unto him and 
are well known to have been in his quiet possession for sundry 
years ; I further also give and bequeath to him my son John my 
two oxen which he hath had in his posession some years. 

Itt. I give and bequeath unto my son Job Crocker besides ye 
land I heretofore gave him and known to be in his possession, 
twenty acres of that fifty acres at ye ponds which I purchased of 
John Coggin to have and to hold to him my son Job his heirs and 
assignes forever and .that he chuse it on which side of s'd land he 

Itt. I will and bequeath to my sons Josiah and Eliazer 
Crocker besides those lands I heretofore gave to ea'eh of them 
and are in their particular knowne possession, all my upland at 
the marsh together with all ye marsh adjoining thereunto, (except 
such particular parcel or parcels thereof as I have heretofore 
given and is possest of late by anj' other or is in these presents 
hereafter mentioned,) to be equally divided between them ye s'd 
Josiah and Eliazer to have and to hold to them their heirs and 


assignes forever : Each of them ye s'd Josiah and Eliazer paying 
seven pounds and ten shillings apiece to ye s'd Patience in paying 
of ye forty pounds above mentioned. And I further will and 
bequeath to my sons Josiah and Eliazer to each of them one 
cow. ' 

Itt. I will and bequeath unto my son Joseph Crocker (besides 
ye two parcels of upland and one parcel of marsh which I hereto- 
fore gave him and is known to be in his possession ye house and 
land which he hired of me and now lives on) that is to say, so 
much of my s'd land as he hath now fenced in ; together with that 
parcel of marsh which he hath from year to year of late hired of 
me ; to have and to hold to him ye s'd Joseph his heirs and 
assignes forever : he or they paying five pounds to ye s'd Patience 
to make up ye full of s'd forty pounds I promised to her as 
above s'd. 

Itt. I give and bequeath all ye rest of my lands att ye ponds 
to my grandsons, viz : to Nathaniel, ye son of John Crocker, 
Samuel, ye son of Job Crocker, and Thomas, ye son of Josiah 
Crocker to be equally divided between them and to their and each 
of their heirs and assignes forever. 

Itt. my will is and I do hereby constitute and appoint my 
trusty and well beloved son Job Crocker to be my sole executor to 
see this my last will and testament to be performed, with whom I 
leave all ye residue of my estate in whatsoever it be, to be equally 
distributed amongst all my children unless I shall signifie my 
minde to have such part or parts thereof to be disposed to any in 

In witness whereof I have hereunto sett my hand and seal. 

On my further consideration I signifie my mind before ye 
ensealing hereof and it is my will that Mr. Russell shall have my 
two steers which are att Isaac Howlands and that Mr. Thomas 
Hinckly shall have my nagro boy if he please he paying fourteen 
pounds to my Executor for him. 


Signed Sealed and declared 
In presence of 


Samuel Chipman and Mercy Chipman whose hands are sett 
as witnesses to this will made oath in Court October ye 19 : 1692, 
that they did see the above said William Crocker now deceased 
sign seal and declare this above written to be his last will and 


Examined and duly compared with ye original will and en- 
tered October ye 22, 1692. 

Attest: JOSEPH LOTHROP, Recorder. 


The division which Deacon Crocker made of his estate in the 
foregoing will, may perhaps, be better understood by the follow- 
ing description of the shares of each of his five sons. Job had 
the estate which was his uncle John's homestead, and his father 
therefore gives him a larg'er proportion of his estate, not imme- 
diately connected with the West Barnstable farm. 

John had the great lot of his uncle John, on which he had a 
house, and therefore, there was no immediate need that he should 
be provided for. For his other four sons he had provided houses, 
or they had built on his land. 

The present road running north from the "West Barnstable 
Meeting House, to the Cape Cod Rail Road Depot, divides Dea. 
Crocker's farm into two nearly equal parts. On the east of the 
road, Josiah had the south part, excepting the portion given to 
John, and Joseph the north. On the west side, John had the 
south part, including a strip running north to the meadows, and a 
strip on the east, adjoining Josiah's land, where Nathaniel 
Crocker afterwards lived, and Eleazer the north-westerly part. 
A question arises which will be hereafter considered, and that is, 
whether or not John's portion extended far enough west to include 
the old stone fort. 

Dea. Crocker died in good old age. For many years he was 
deacon of the Barnstable Church, and living an exemplary and 
pious life. He has a clean record. Nothing dishonest or dis- 
honorable was ever laid to his charge. Men who acquire great 
wealth, often make enemies of the envioas ; but Dea. Crocker 
appears to have been beloved and respected by all. When he 
removed to West Barnstable, the lands there had only a nominal 
value. He was industrious, economical, and a good manager. 
His boys were as industrious and as prudent as the father, and 
that was the whole secret of their becoming wealthy. In early 
colonial times a large family was considered a great blessing in a 
jjecuniary point of view. The boys assisted the father on the 
farm, and at seventeen were able to do the work of a man. The 
girls were also brought up to more than earn their own living. 
They assisted the mother, spun and wove the flax and the wool, 
and made their own and their brother's garments, and in hay time 
and at harvest assisted their brothers. A man with a large family 
of healthy children was then the most independent of men. 
From his farm and his household he obtained an abundance of the 
prime necessaries of life. The surplus which he sold was more 
than sufficient to pay the bills of the mechanic, and to buy the 
few articles of foreign growth and manufacture then required. 
There was very little money in circulation, and very little was 
needed. Taxes were payable in agricultural products, at a rate 
fixed by law, and if lands or property were sold, without it was 
expressly stipulated in the contract, that payment should be made 


in silver money, it was a barter trade, payable in produce at the 
"prices current with the merchants." 

Aged people often remark that theu- ancestors estimated that 
every son born to them added to their wealth a £100, and of 
every daughter £50. However heterodox this theory may now 
appear to parents, or to political economists, it was undoubtedly 
true in early times. The Crocker's, with few exceptions, all mar- 
ried in early life, had large families, and excepting the few who 
tried to live by trade or speculation, acquired good estates, lived 
comfortably, and were respectable and honorable members of 

[The genealogies of the Crocker, Gorham, Hallett, and 
several other families, I have drawn up in the manner recom- 
mended in the Genealogical Register, it is neccessary to transcribe 
them, because the columns of a newspaper are too narrow for 
such kind of composition, and because the varieties of type 
required are not kept in a newspaper office. As the same name 
so frequently occurs in the Crocker family, I shall preserve the 
serial number in Arabic or common figures, using the Roman 
numerals as heretofore, to distinguish members of the same fami- 
ly. John and Benjamin are names that frequently occur, and 
without the serial numbers it will be diflScult to distinguish them. 
At one time there were four John Crocker's in Barnstable, all 
householders and heads of families. They were, from necessity, 
distinguished by nick-names ; but the use of the serial number 
will render the repetition of those names unnecessary.] 

Family of Dea. William Crocker. 

Dea. William Crocker married for his first wife, Alice, who 
was the mother of all his children. She was living in 1683, but 
died soon after that date. He married for his second wife. 
Patience, widow of Robert Parker and daughter of Elder Henry 
Cobb. He died Sept. 1692, aged probably 80 years. His 
children were : 
2. I. John, born in Scityiate May 1, 1637, baptized June 11, 

8. II. Elizabeth, born in Scituate Sept. 22, 1639, baptized in 

Barnstable, Dec. 22, 1639. She was his only daughter and 

died in Barnstable unmarried. May 1658, in the 19th year 

of her age. 

4. III. Samael, born in Barnstable, June 3, 1642, baptized 
same day. He died Dec. 1681. 

5. IV". Job, born March 9, 1644-5, baptized same day. 

6. v. Josiah, born Sept. 19, 1647, baptized same day. 

It seemed improbable that Dea. Crocker had three 
children born in succession on the sabbath, and that each was 
baptized on the day of its birth. Mr. Lothrop, the pastor of the 


church, so records the baptisms, and there is no reason to question 
his accuracy. Gov. Hinckley so makes his return to the Colony 
Court, and David Crocker, Esq., one of the early town clerks, so 
transcribes the earlier records. A single instance of this charac- 
ter was noticed in the family of Austin Bearse, (No. 12) and the 
comments made thereon are equally applicable to this case. 

7. VI. Eleazer, born July 21, 1650. 

8. VII. Joseph, born 1654. 

2. John Crocker, eldest son of Dea. William, resided 
at West Barnstable. His father, in his will, gave him the south- 
westerly part of his farm, and the dwelling-liouse in which he 
then lived. John Crocker had, at tliat time, been a married man 
thirty-three years, and had children and grand-children, and 
owned lands and a dwelling-house in his own right, independent 
of the property bequeathed to him by his father. He owned the 
Bodfish farm, set off to him as his portion of his uncle John's 
estate, on which there was a dwelling house. One half of that 
farm he conveyed by deed to his son Jonathan, through whom it 
came into possession of the Bodfish family. 

The lands bequeathed by Dea. William to his son Eleazer, 
are not clearly defined in the will. Eleazer owned the lands south 
of the Dexter farm, on Dexter's, now called Fish's Lane, bounded 
west by the land of Joseph Bodfish, Sen'r, including the land on 
which the Stone Fort stood. I infer from this, that the house 
named in the will of Dea. William, as then in the occupancy of 
Eleazer, was the old iStone Fort, consequently it was not the 
house given to his son John. Anciently there was another stone 
house on the Crocker farm, standing about a fourth of a mile 
easterly from the West Barnstable Church. This was probably 
built about the year 1643, and as it was on his first grant of land 
at West Barnstable, made to Dea. William, it is just to infer that 
it was his residence. His son Josiah afterwards owned it and the 
land on which it stood. Seth, a grandson of Josiah, built, about 
the year 1766, a large and convenient dwelling house near the old 
stone house, in which he had previous!}' resided. Afterwards 
the latter was used as an out-building. Seventy-five years ago it 
was in a ruinous condition, and every vestage of it is now re- 
moved. It corresponded in size and construction to the fortifica- 
tion house already described. Previously to his death Deacon 
William built and resided in the large two story frame house on 
the Meeting House way, afterwards owned and occupied by his 
grand-children, Nathaniel and Experience. They came into the 
possession of it soon after the death of Dea. William, who 
devised it to their father John, after the death of his widow 
Patience. Neither Nathaniel nor Experience married. Each 
owned a large real-estate and had, at their deaths, money on hand 
and money loaned, on bonds payable in silver money. In 1740 


the house required repairs, and Experience, before her death, 
provided lumber, nails, &c., to complete the same, and which she 
directed to be done after her death. This house was taken down 
about fifty years ago. The style was that of the first settlers. 
Two stories in front and one in the rear. 

My main object in this inquirey, is to ascertain from records 
and other sources of information, what was the action of the 
townsmen of Barnstable under the order of the Colony Court, 
dated Oct. 10, 1643, requiring them to fortify "a place or places 
for the defence of themselves, their wives, and children, against 
a suddaine assault." The committee to enforce this order, were 
Mr. Thomas Dimmock, Anthony Annable, Henry Cobb, Henry 
Coggen, Barnard Lumberd, and the constable James Hamblen. 
The three deac(ms of the church, Dimmock, Cobb and Crocker, 
each complied with the order of the court, built fortification 
houses, and were aided by theii' neighbors, because in case of a 
sudden assault by the Indians, the buildings were to be a common 
place for refuge for all. Who built the stone fort on Dexter's 
lane, 1 have been unable to ascertain. In 1692 it was owned and 
occupied by Eleazer Crocker.* 

2. John Crocker, the second of the name, a son of Dea. 
William Crocker, was born in Scituate May 1, 1637, came to 
Barnstable with his father 1639. Married in 1659, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Robert Bodflsh. She died Dec. 1662, and he married 
April 25, 1663, for his second wife, Mary, daughter of John 
Bursley. He died May 1711, aged 74. His children born in 
Barnstable were : 

9. I. Elizabeth, 7th Oct. 1660, married Dea. Richard Child 
1678, died Jan. 15, 1716, aged 56. Her first house was 
next west of Lieut. Rowland's. She afterwards resided 
as named in the account of her family. 

10. II. Jonathan, 15tb July, 1662, married Hannah, daughter 
of John Howland, 20th May, 1686. He died Aug. 24, 
1746, aged 84, and is buried in the West Barnstable 

11. III. John, 17th Feb. 1663-4, married 5th Nov. 1702, Mary, 
daughter of Nathaniel Bacon. She died March 1710-11, 
and he married 22d June 1721, Sarah Hinckley. This John 

* The earliest land owners in the vicinity of the old stone fort, were William Crocker, 
Joseph Bodfish, Peter Blossom, Mr. Thomas Dexter, Edward Fitzrandolph, and John 
Bursley. The old stone fort was impre^iable against any lorce that the Indians could 
raise, and it is sui-prising that its history is buried in oblivion. Perhaps some future inves- 
tigator may be more successful than I have been. In Yarmouth a fort was built near the 
Cong. Meeting House, ou a rising ground known as "±"ort Hill," and in the easterly part of 
the town, on land owned by the late Capt. Samuel Rogers, a block house. That house was 
formerly owned by TJlomas Baxterr Capt. Rogers, who took it down in 1810, furnishes me 
with the following description. "It was about 20 feet by 28 feet square, walls of hewn tim- 
ber, one storv high, gambrel roof, windows small, diamond glass set in lead, chimney stone 
to chamber floor, brick above, all laid in clay mortar. Bricks large ; partially burnt, Fire- 
place in front room, eight feet wide, with a stone hearth. Shingles on the walls and roof 
cedar, long, and an inch thick. Boards used apparently sawed by hand." Fortification 
houses were also built in Sandwich. See Freeman's History. 


is called Jr., on the early records, and his father Sen'r. 
He resided on the west side of the road, a short distance 
north from the present meeting house. 

12. IV. Hannah, 10th Oct. 1665, married 1st July, 1686, 
Samuel Lothrop, a grandson of Rev. John. 

13. V. Joseph, 1st March, 166T-8, married 18th Sept. 1691, 
Ann, daughter of Lieut. John Howland. 

14. VI. Benjamin, probably died young. He is not named in 
his father's will dated 30th April, 1706, or in the division of 
his brother Jabez's estate, April 3, 1700. 

15. VII. Nathaniel, born 1773. He died Feb. 11, 1740-1, in 
the 69th year of his age, leaving neither wife nor children. 
In 1715 his house is described as being near the head of 

the lane, on the east side, and north of the land on which the 
West Barnstable church now stands. (Blue) John Crocker after- 
wards owned it, and subsequently the same estate was owned by 
the late Stephen C. Nye, deceased. He owned only two fifteenths 
of the house, his sister Experience owning the other thirteen 
fifteenths. His estate was apprized at £2,003 10 10. Silyer at 
that time was worth 28 shillings per ounce. His homestead was 
apprized at £1,100. He had 92 ounces of silver on hand, and 
£266,5 due him in silver, at his death. He left no will, and his 
own brothers and sisters contended that Jonathan Crocker and 
Elizabeth Child's heirs, being only of the half blood, were not 
entitled to shares. The Judge of Probate, Hon. Sylvanous 
Bourne, in a very able report on the law, decided that they were 
equally entitled, and ordered the estate to be divided into seven 
shares, and distributed to 1, Jonathan Crocker; 2, heirs of 
Elizabeth Childs ; 3, Mrs. Mary Bursley, surviving sister ; 4, 
Children of Capt. Joseph Crocker, deceased ; 5, Children of 
Hannah Lothrop, deceased ; 6, Children of John Crocker, 
deceased ; and 7, to heirs of Experience Crocker deceased. 

16. VIII. Experience, born in 1674, died single, April 17, 
1740-1, in the 67th year of her age, and is buried in the 
West Barnstable graveyard. She owned thirteen fifteenths, 
and her brother Nathaniel two fifteenths, of the ancient 
dwelling house of her grandfather, which has already been 
described. Besides the estate bequeathed to her by her 
father, she accumulated a considerable amount by her own 
industry and prudence. Her estate was apprized at £588 
14. Her silver plate were valued at £69 14 : 50 ounces at 
the current rate of silver at that time. In her will she 
makes bequests to her brothers Jonathan and Joseph ; to 
her sister Mary Bursley ; to the children of her sister 
Elizabeth Childs, deceased ; to Benjamin, son of her brother 
Joseph ; to Benjamin and Samuel, sons of her "^sister Han- 
nah Lothrop ; to Moses, son of her brother John ; to Mary 


Davis, daughter of her sister Hannah Lothrop ; to Deborah, 
daughter of her brother Joseph ; to John, son of her 
nephew Moses ; to Elizabeth, daughter of her brother John ; 
to Joseph Lothrop, son of her nephew Joseph, deceased ; to 
the poor of the church of which she was a member ; to the 
church in West Barnstable ; and to John, son of the Rev. 
Jonathan Russell. To her brother John's son John, (called 
Blue John Crocker) she bequeathed the lower great room 
in her house, the" bed room and the garret, and materials to 
put the house in good repair. The remainder of the house 
she bequeathed to her neice Hannah Lothrop, a single 
woman, then fifty years of age. All the rest of her estate 
she gave to her sister Mary Bursley, Experience Lothrop, 
Hannah Lothrop, Abigail Lothrop, and Prudence Gorham, 
wife of John Gorham, Esq., and daughter of Joseph 

Miss Experience had scjme of the good qualities of the 
Vicar of Wakefield's wife. He said all his wife's cousins 
even to the fortieth remove, never forget their relationship, 
and never passed his door without calling, and his table was 
always well filled with a happy company. 

17. IX. Jabez, died in 1700, without issue, and his estate was 
divided among his brothers and sisters, by the same father 
and mother, then surviving. 

18. X. Mary, married Feb, 11, 1702, John Bursley, Jr. 

19. XI. Abigail. Her birth is not recorded on the town 
records. She died young, leaving no issue. 

20. XII. Bathshua, also died young, leaving no issue. 

Of the children of John Crocker, his son Joseph is the last 
whose birth is recorded on the town records. The names of the 
others are arranged in the order found on the Probate records. 

4. Samuel Crocker, son of Dea. William Crocker, born in 
Barnstable July 3, 1642, died Dec. 1681, aged 39. It does not 
appear that he married. If he had left issue, his children would 
probably have been named in their grandfather's will. The cause 
of his death is stated in the following extract from the Plymouth 
Colony Records, Vol. 6, page 82. 

An Inditement. 

"Indian James, thou art here indited by the name of James, 
for that thou, haveing not the fear of God before thyne eyes, on 
the one and twentyeth day of November 1681, in the town of 
Barnstable, didst felloniously, willfully, and of mallice fore- 
thought, with intent to murder, kick Samuel Crocker, son of 
William Crooker, of Barnstable, on the bottom of his belley, 
whereof the said Samuel Crocker three weeks after died ; which 
thou hast don contrary to the law of God, of England, and this 
collonie, and contrary to the peace of our sou.'r Lord the Kinge, 


his crowne, and dignity. 

The jury find the prisenor nott guilty of willfull murder." 

No Indians were on the jury, as was the usual practice in 
such cases ; and the verdict of the jury shows that impartial jus- 
tice was dispensed by our ancesters irrespective of caste or race. 
Against Indian James no further proceedings appear on the 

5. Dea. Job. Crocker. Few men in Barnstable were held 
in higher esteem in his day, than Dea. Job Crocker. Like his 
father, he was honest and upright in his dealing, industrious and 
prudent in his habits, an obliging neighbor, a good citizen. 
Nurtured by pious parents, in early life he became a member of 
the church, and through life, his daily walk was in accordence 
with his profession. The church records say of him, "God and 
his people having elected and proved our Brother Job Crocker, 
for the office of deacon in this church, he was solomnly set a part 
for, and ordained unto that work and office iu July 1684 ; to 
serve in the deaconship of this church, together with his father." 
For eight years, during the pastorate of the elder Russell, he and 
his venerable father were joint occupants of the deacon's seat. 
It is inscribed on his grave stones, that for thirty and four years 
he was a deacon of the Barnstable church. 

Dea. Job Crocker was a man of good business capacity, 
was much employed in the business of the town, holding many 
offices which it is unnecessary here to enumerate. He inhabited 
the homestead of his uncle John, rocky and hard to cultivate, 
but an excellent grazing farm. The substantial stone walls built 
thereon in his day, remain as monuments of his industry and 
perseverance. His house, a large two story structiu-e, built in the 
fashion of that day with a heavy cornice in front, and a long low 
or leantoo roof on the rear, yet remains.* It is situate near the 
meadows and in close proximity to the Cape Cod Railroad. The 
first location of the road was between the house and spring from 
which seven successive generations of Crockers had drawn water. 
Out of respect to the then venerable occupants, the location was 
changed to a point below, a concession rarely made by engineers. 

Dea. Job Crocker married for his first wife, Nov. 1668, 
Mary, daughter of Rev. Thomas Walley, the then pastor of the 
Barnstable church. She was born in London and there baptized 
April 18, 1644. She came over with her father in the ship 
Society, Capt. John Pierce, and arrived in Boston 24th of the 

* Some doubt may arise whetlier or not Dea. Job occupied the western or the eastern 
house. He occupied the most ancient, that is certain, and the decision of the question 
turns on this point; was the westeni, tlie one now standing, the most ancient. The first 
settlers, with scarce a solitary exception, planted pear trees near their houses and these old 
button and fall pear trees are their monuments. The trees near the western house were 
vei-y ancient, while those near the eastern were smaller and not so old. The eastern house 
was a two story siugrle house built in the style common about one hundred and forty years 
ago. It was taken down aboiit forty years ago. It was occupied by David Crocker, Ksq., 
son of Job, and I presume was built by him. 


3d month (May) 1662. She died about the year 1676, leaving 
two children. 

For his second wife he married, 19th July 1680, Hannah, 
daughter of Richard Taylor of Yarmouth, called "tailor" to dis- 
tinguish him from another of the same Christian name. He died 
March 1718-19, aged 75 years, and is buried in the ancient bury- 
ing ground. His wife Hannah surviyed him, and died 14th May 
1743, in the 85th year of her age. In her will dated 10th of July 
1739, proved 8th July 1743, she names her grandsons in law, 
Thomas and WaUey Crocker, her daughters Mary Howland, 
Hannah, Elizabeth Allen, and Sarah Lumbert ; her sons John 
Crocker, David Crocker, and Job, deceased ; Mary, wife of Isaac 
Howland ; Abigail, wife of Geo. Howland ; Hannah, daughter of 
her son David ; grand-daughter Hannah Allen ; and her grand-son 
John Howland. 

Children of Dea. Job Crocker. 

21. I. A son, born 18, 1769, died in infancy. 

22. II. Samuel, 15th May, 1671, married Dec. 10, 1696, 
Sarah, daughter of Robert Parker, and for his second wife, 
April 12, 1719, .Judeth Leavet, of Rochester. 

23. III. Thomas, 19th Jan. 1674, married 23d Dec. 1701, 
Elizabeth, widow of "John Lothrop, the son of Esquire 
Barnabas Lothrop." 

24. IV. Mary, born 29th June, 1681, married June 19, 1719, 
.John Howland, Jr., his second wife, and had John, 13th 
Feb. 1720-21, graduate of Harvard College 1741, ordained 
at Carver, 1746, died Nov. 4, 1804, aged 84 ; and a son 
Job, June 1726. 

25. V. John, 24th Feb. 1683, called Dea. John. 

26. VI. Hannah, 2d Feb. 1685. [A Hannah Crocker of 
Barnstable, married July 7, 1712, John Holden of War- 

27. VII. Elizabeth, 15th May, 1688, married April 5, 1712, 
Rev. Benjamin Allen, a native of Tisbury, Martha's Vine- 
yard. He graduated at Yale College 1708, ordained July 
9, 1718, as the first misister of the south parish in Bridge- 
water, where he remained about twelve years. He was 
afterwards installed at Cape Elizabeth where he died May 
6, 1754, aged 65. He was improvident in his habits and in 
consequence often involved in troubles. One of his grand- 
daughters by the name of Jourdan, married Rev. Enos 
Hitchcock, D. D., of Providence. 

28. VIII. Sarah, born 19th Jan. 1690-1, married May 27, 
1725, Benjamin Lumbard, Jr., died Nov. 1768, aged 76, 
leaving no issue. 

29. IX. Job, 4th April 1694, died May 21, 1731, aged 37. 
He did not marrv. 


30. X. David, born oth Sept. 1697, graduate of Harvard Col- 
lege 1716, married 12th Nov. 1724, Abigail, daughter of 
David Loring, and Jan. 27, 1767, Mrs. Abigail Stuart. He 
died in 1764, aged 67. 

31. XI. Thankful, born 14th June, 1700, died unmarried Oct. 

1, 1735. 

6. Josiah Crocker, son of Dea. William, born Sept. 19, 
1647, was a substantial farmer, and resided in the old stone 
house built by his father. He inherited the southeasterly part of 
his father's estate. In the proprietor's records, it is stated that 
his heirs owned a house at Cotuit ; whether or not it was ever 
occupied by him, I have no means of ascertaining. At the divis- 
ion of the common meadows in 1697, lie was one of the five to 
whom was awarded seven acres, showing that he was a man of 
wealth. In 1690 there was laid out to him at Cotuit Neck, forty 
acres of land formerly the great lot of John Hall, and thirty acres 
formerly the lot of Thomas and Peter Blossom. In 1698 he 
exchanged twenty-seven acres of his land at Cotuit Neck with 
the town, taking land at the same place adjoining Lewis's Pond, 
now called Lovell's Pond. 

In 1688 the town granted him one and a half acres of upland on 
the south of his barn, bounded north and east by his other land, 
south and west by the commons. He was not much in public life. 
He is named as a member of the grand inquest in 1679, and was 
surveyor of highways in 1682. He married 23d Oct. 1668, 
Melatiah, daughter of Gov. Thomas Hinckley. He died 2d Feb. 
1698-9 aged 51 years. In his will dated on the 28th of the 
preceding month, he names his wife Melatiah, sons Thomas, 
Josiah, Ebenezer, Seth, Benjamin, and daughters, Mercy, Mary, 
Else, and Melatiah. 

The Wid. Melatiah Crocker died 2d Feb. 1714-15, aged 66 
years. In her will dated Jan. 21, 1613-14, she names her five 
sons ; and daughters Mary, Alice, and Melatiah ; also daughter 
Hannah (wife of her son Thomas) and her grand-daughter 

Children horn in Barnstable. 

31. I. A son, born 20th Aug. 1669, died Sept. 1669. 

32. II. Thomas, born 27th May 1671, married 25th March 

1696, Hannah Green of Boston. He died April 1728, aged 
57 years. 

33. III. Mercy, born 13th Feb. 1674, died in early life. 

34. IV. Mary, born 10th Sept. 1677, married Nov. 1705, her 
cousin William Crocker. 

35. y. Alice, born 25th Dec. 1679, married 14th June 1711, 
George Lewis. She died 23d Feb. 1718. Alice does not 
appear to have been a favorite name with the Crockers. 
This is the only grand-child of the name, and she did not 


give the name to either of her daughters. 

36. VI. Melatiah, born 20th Nov. 1681, married Oct. 27, 1729, 
her cousin Timothv Crocker. 

37. VII. Josiah, born 8th Feb. 1684, married April 10, 1711, 
Desii-e, daughter of Col. John Thacher. 

38. VIII. Ebenezer, bom 30th May, 1687, married 22d 
March, 1715, Hannah Hall of Yarmouth. 

39. IX. Seth, born 23d Sept. 1689, died in Harwich, 1623, 
leaving no issue. His brother Benjamin of Ipswich, was 
executor of his will. 

40. X. Benjamin, born 26th Sept. 1692, graduate of Harvard 
College 1713. He removed to Ipswich, Mass., and was 
many years teacher of the Grammar School in that town. 
He was a representative from Ipswich to the Mass. Gen. 
Court in 1726, '34 and '36. He was a member of the south 
church in that town ; but as the individuals chosen for its 
Ruling Elders were not ordained, because Mr. Walley, the 
pastor, did not believe such officers were required by the 
gospel, he left, and united with the first church. He was a 
deacon and occasionally preached. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Rev. William Williams of Weston, and had 

Mary, who married Gannison, and John, a deacon of 

the chui'ch and a man of note in his day. Dea. Benjamin 
Crocker died in 1766, aged 75, and his wife who survived 
him married Cogswell, t 

7. Eleazer Crocker, son of Dea. William Crocker, born in 
Barnstable 21st July 1650, was admitted a townsman in 1681. 
In 1692 he was one of the committee appointed to draw up a list 
of the proprietors of the common lands, and determine what 
was each man's just right therein. After the death of Nathaniel 
Bacon in 1693, he was "chosen and empowered by the town to be 
a land measurer to lay out land." He married 7th April 1682, 
Ruth, daughter of Elder John Chipman. She died 8th April 
1698, aged 34. For his second wife he married Jan. 25, 1716-17, 
Mercy Phinney. 

Children of Eleazer Crocker. 

41. I. Benoni, born 13th May, 1682, died 3d Feb. 1701. 

42. II. Bethia, born 23d Sept. 1683, married John Whiton 
March 13, 1710. 

43. III. Nathan, born 27th April, 1685, married 10th March, 
1708-9, Joanna, daughter of John Bursley, and the Barn- 

t Alvah Crocker, Esq., of Fitchburg, in a letter says that "upon one of the oldest 
Grave Stones in St. Anns Church Yard, Newburyport, he finds this inscription, *Capt. 
John Crocker born in 1692, died March 19, 1763.' " This Capt. John Crocker ivaa the great 
^andfather of Alvah Crocker, Esq., and if the inscription on his Grave Stone is accur- 
ately transcribed he was not a son of Benjamin of Ipswich. Mr. Crocker says the tradition 
in his family, is that he is a descendant of Dea. William, but as at present advised X do not 
preceive how the tradition can be verified. 











stable records, say. lie. also, married Abigail Bursley Mardii 
10, 1713-14, eyideatly an error of the Clerk. 

44. IV. Daniel, born 23d March, 1686-7, died without issue 

45. V. Sarah, born, 23^ March, 1689, married Nov. 7, 1712^ 
Joseph Bursley. 

Theophilus, born 11th March, 1691. 
Eleazer, born 3d Aug. 1693. 
Ruth, born 3d Aug. 1693, married Samuel Fuller 

Abel, born 15th June, 1695, married April 16, 1818: 
Mary Isum. The names of his children do not appear on 
the town records. His wife joined the church Dec. 1723, 
when her son Daniel and daughter Rebecca were baptized, 
and Aug. 1725, her son Eleazer. Soon after the latter date, 
the family removed to Plymton, and returned 1757. 

50. X. Rebecca, born 10th Dec. 1697, married Robbins.. 

51. XI. Mercy, by his second wife, and named in his will. 

8. Sergeant Joseph Crocker, youngest son of Dea. William,, 
born in 1654, resided at West Barnstable. He inherited the 
north-easterly part of his father's farm, bounded easterly by the. 
Otis and Hinckley estates. That portion of the ancient Crocker 
estate, on the north of the County road and bounded easterly by 
the lands of Mr. John Smith, was not included in his estate.* 
His house was on the Meeting House road, if I construe the 
records rightly, not far from the present location of the Cape 
Cod Railroad Depot. A reservation of three rods in width 
through his lands was made for that road. In 1703 he was rated 
the highest, and probably was the most wealthy man in Barn- 
stable. He was admitted a townsman in 1 678 ; but does not 
appear to have been often employed in town or other public busi- 
ness. He was a sergeant in the militia company, than an office 
of some honor. In his will dated 20th Feb. 1720-1, he gives to 
his wife Temperance all his personal estate, and the use and 
improvement of all his real estate during her natur-al life. In 
most of the old wills the phrase used is, "while she remains my 
widow," on the presumption that the husband can bind the wife, 
after his decease. 

To his four daughters he devised all his lands and meadows 
lying by the mill river ; to his son William, "all his housing and 

*The same rule was adopted in Barnstable and Tarmouth in the division of the common 
lands ; that is, one third to the townsmen, one third on the estates, and one third to the tene- 
ments. In Barnstable only the ^oss number of shares alloted to each is recorded ; in Yar- 
mouth the several particulars are ^ven. Joseph Crocker had 80 shares, James Gorham 74 
3-4, John Hamblin 71 3-4, .James Hamblin, Sen'r, 69, &c. It will thus be perceived why it 
was that our ancestors, were so cautious in admitting townsmen. It not only conferred all 
the rights appertaining to a citizen; but made the party a proprietor of the common lands. 
If a house stood on the common land, the owner was not entitled to a tenement right. To 
confer the right, the house had to be on the land of the individual, and the title acquired 
by liim according to the usuagea of the times. 


lands where he then dwelt," and all his wood lots ; and to Timothy 
"all his lands in the timber lands, at a place called Great Hill, all 
subject to the use and improvement of their mother during her 
natural life. Noah is not named in the will, and was probably 
then dead. 

Joseph Crocker married Deo. 1677, Temperance, daughter 
of John Bursley. She survived her husband many years and died 
very aged. 

Children born in Barnstable. 

52. I. William, born 25th Aug. 1679, married Nov. 1705, his 
cousin Mary Crocker. 

53. II. Timothy, born 30th April 1681, married Oct. 27, 1709, 
his cousin Melatiah Crocker.* 

54. III. Noah, born Dec. 1683, died young. 

55. IV. Joanna, born 18th July 1687, married 9th Feb. 1708-9, 
Joseph Fuller, Jr., died April 13, 1766. 

56. V. Martha, born 22d Feb. 1689. 

57. VI. Temperance, 26th Aug. 1694. 

58. VII. Remember, 26th Aug. 1699, married Samuel Annable, 
3d, May 28, 1719. 

Third Generation. 
(10) Jonathan Crocker, son of John, owned the laild now 
known as the Bodfish Farm at West Barnstable. He was a sub- 
stantial farmer, owned a large estate ; and, as his father and 
grand-father had done, he conveyed by deeds a large part of it to 
his children, reserving only, a sufficiency for his comfortable sup- 
port in old age. His residence on the Bodflsh Farm, probablj' 
built by his father, was a two story single house, with a leantoo, 
or "salt box," as they were sometimes called, on the side. This 
he sold in 1713 to his son-in-law, Benjamin Bodflsh. It was 
taken down in 1819, and the old Bodfish mansion house stands on 
the same spot.f His will, which is in the hand writing of the 
Rev. Jonathan Russell, is dated June 1737, and the codicil thereto 

* Physiologists may perhaps notice these two instances of the marriage of cousins. 
■William and Mary had eight children. One was still bom, and one died aged 21 days. 
Of the other six, none were distinguished either for phj^sical or intellectual vigor. Timothy 
and Melatiah had five daughters, distinguished for their intellectual vigor, graceful accom- 
plishments, and business capacity. Beautiful specimens of embroidery wrought b^ them 
are preserved by their descendants. A few years since a gentleman well versed in the 
genealogies of the Nantucket ^milies, attempted to show that the marriage of cousins was 
not objectionable, and he made out a strong case. 

t Since writing the above I have examined the records of the grants of land made in 
1716. There is great want of cleanness, in the descriptions. The records says, "Set out to 
Jonathan Crocker, a piece of land at the head of his own, bounded westerly by the way 
that goeth up by his house, northerly by his own land to the dividing line between him and 
.John Crocker." John Crocker's land is bounded "easterly," evidently should be 
westerly, by Jonathan's, and easterly by the way to Nathaniel Crocker's. Out of this 
grant the three acres on which the west Barnstable meeting house now stand» was 
reserved. The reservation was made in the grant to Thomas ; but appears to have been 
taken from John's. It seems by this that Jonathan Crocker's house in 1716, was on 
Dexter's Lane, and whether he ever resided in the house he sold t« Bodfish is not clear. 


June 1742, four years before his death. He provides for the 
support of his wife Thankful, giving her the household goods she 
brought with her, and some bedding she had made since. He gave 
his son Isaac £30 and his great chair, names his son James, and 
James' oldest son, to whom he gave his gun. To the Rev. 
Jonathan Russell he devised 20 shillings ; to the church 20 shil- 
lings ; and to Mercy Dexter then living with him £5. All the 
rest of his estate, real and personal, to the children of his three 
daughters, Lydia, Hannah and Reliance. In the codicil to his 
will he gives the estate which had fallen to him by the death of 
his brother Nathaniel, equally, in five shares, to his sons Isaac 
and James, to the children and heirs of his daughter Lydia Bod- 
flsh, deceased, to the children and heirs of his daughter Hannah 
Fuller, and to the children and heirs of his daughter Reliance 
Smith, deceased. At the time he made his will all his children, 
excepting Isaac and James, were dead, and they resided in Con- 

Jonathan Crocker man-ied for his first wife, 20th May, 1686, 
Hannah, daughter of Lieut. John Rowland. She was the mother 
of all his children. After her death he married Feb. 1710-11, 
Thankful, widow of Mr. John Hinckley, Jr., and daughter of 
Thomas Trott of Dorchester. He died Aug. 24, 1746, aged 84, 
and i8«t)uried in the West Barnstable grave yard. No monuments 
are erected to the memory of either of his wives. 
Children born in Barnstable. 

59. I. Lydia, born 26th Sept. 1686, man-ied Benjamin Bodfish, 
10th Nov. 1709. 

60. II. Hannah, born 26th March 1688, married 10th 7th 
month, 1708, Shubael Fuller, of East Haddam, Conn., and 
removed thither. 

61. III. Thankful, born 6th March, 1690, died young. 

62. IV. Isaac, born April 4, 1692, married Dec. 13, 1718, 
Ann Smith, and removed to East Haddam, Conn., where 
she died June 1725, aged 30. Oct. 31, 1726, he married 
for his second wife Elizabeth Fuller of Barnstable. In 
1 729 he removed to Westchester, in the town of Colchester. 
He died Aug. 8, 1769, at 4 o'clock P. M., aged 77 years, 4 
months, and 8 days. 

Children of Isaac Crocker born in East Haddam, Conn. 

1, Hannah, Sept. 22,1719; 2, Ann, June 29, 1722, died 
unmaiTied, March 29, 1772, aged 49 ; 3, Joseph, Dec. 20, 1724, 
married Nov. 10, 1748, Sarah, daughter of Rev. Judah Lewis; 4, 
Elizabeth, Aug. 26, 1727, married as second wife. May, 26, 
1747, Simeon Ockley. She died at Williamston Nov. 9, 1797, 
aged 70 ; 5, Mary, April 30, 1729 ; 6, Martha, born at Colchester, 
arch 3, 1731 ; 7, Abigail, March 10, 1733 : 8, a daughter, Sept. 


62. 1736, died same day. 

63. V. Reliance, born 28th June, 1694, married Josepli Smith, 
Jr., 5th Oct. 1712 ; died 4th May, 1704, aged 30. 

64. VI. Jonathan, born 28th May, 1696, married Nov. 28, 
1723, Elizabeth, daughter of the second John Bursley. He 
died Sept. 21, 1726, leaving a son Ephraim, who died Oct. 
17, 1726, aged one year and 15 days. 

65. VII. James, born 3d Sept. 1699, married Nov. 21, 1721, 
Alice Swift, born in Sandwich July 23, 1698 da'r of Jireh 
and Abigail Swift. About the year 1724 he removed to 
Colchester, Conn., and built a house near the Colchester and 
East Haddam turnpike which, till 1860, was occupied by his 
descendents. He and his wife were members of the church 
in the parish of Westchester. She died in Westchester 
Jan. 15, 1783, aged 84 ; and he died Nov. 7, 1785, aged 86. 
They lived in the marriage state over sixty-one years. 
Their children were: 1, Simeon, the Barnstable records say 
born at Barnstable, March 22, 1722, the Colchester, Sept. 
19, 1722, (the latter probably accurate.) He married 
March 7, 1751, Dorothy Williams. He died at Westchester 
Feb. 13, 1778. His death was caused by a fall on the ice, 
while going from his house to his barn. She died Aug. 4, 
1818, aged about 95. 2, Abigail, J born according to the 
the Barnstable record, Sept. 19, 1724, according to the 
Colchester, March 25, 1724, married Feb. 23, 1744, John 
Williams, and 2d, April 23, 1765, Enoch Arnold, died 
1771. 3, Hannah, born at Colchester Jan. 17, 1726. 4, 
Levi, May 11, 1728. 5, Jonathan, March 16, 1730. 6, 
James, April 20, 1732. 7, Thankful, Jan. 27, 1733-4. 8, 
Lydia, Jan. 14, 1736-6. 9, Ephraim, Sept. 21, 1739. The 
last was a physician settled in Richmond, Mass. 

66. VIII. Ephraim, born April 1702, died May 1, 1704. 

(11) John Crocker son of John, born 7th Feb. 1663-4, was 
called Junior until 1711, when he was the elder of the name in 
Barnstable. He married 6th Nov. 1702, Mary, daughter of the 
second Nathaniel Bacon. She died March, 1710-11, aged 33, and 
he mamed for his second wife, Sarah, Nov. 11, 1711, probably a 
daughter of Ensign John Hinckley. 

Children horn in Barnstable. 

67. I. Sarah, born 4th Jan. 1703-4. 

G8. II. Moses, born 5th April, 1705, married May 15, 1736, 
Mary Fish of Sandwich, and had 1, Nathaniel, May 7, 
1736; 2, John, March 8, 1737-8, he was 4th and called 
Tanner. He married Jan. 8, 1761, Thankful Hallett; 3, 

X Abigail Crocker was the great grand-mother of my correspondent, D. "William Patter- 
son, Esq., of West Winstead, Conn., to whom I am much indebted for information respect- 
ing the early emigrants from Barnstable to Connectifut. 


Sarah, Aug. 16, 1740 ; 4, Moody, Feb. 14, 1742 ; and 5, 
Edmund, Aug. 17, 1645, also Nathaniel not named in the 

69. III. Mary, bom July, 1707. In a deed dated 37th Aug., 
styles herself spinster, names her uncle Nathaniel, deceased, 
and her two brothers, Moses and John. 

70. IV. John, born Sept. 1709, called John Blue or Blue 
Stocking John. In the latter part of his life he was the 
elder of the four John Crocker's and called first. His 
house, bequeathed to him by his great aunt, Experience, 
stood on the easterly side of the road, a little distance north 
of the West Barnstable church, and was afterwards owned and 
occupied by Mr. Lemuel Nye. He married Lydia Barker of 
R. I. (Neither his marriage nor the publication thereof is 
on the Barnstable town records.) His children born in 
Barnstable were : 1, Elizabeth, Feb. 28, 1738 ; 2, Stephen, 
Dec. 3, 1740; 3, Joseph, Feb. 6, 1842 ; 4, AUyn, Feb. 18, 
1745 ; 5, Bathseba, Jan. 23, 1747, David Kelley ; 6, Lydia, 
May 12, 1749; 7, David ; 8, Hannah, March 13, 1753, 
Tobey; 9, John, May 12, 1755, called "Young Blue." He 
was a sea captain, and active and intelligent man. He 
bought the ancient Hinckley house in which he resided. 
His son John Barker Crocker is well known. Abigail, lOth 
child of Blue John Crocker, was born Feb. 1758, Nath'l 

71. V. Elizabeth, born March 1710-11. 

(13) Capt. Joseph Crocker, son of John, born 1st March, 
1667-8, married Ann, daughter of Lieut. John Howland, 18th 
Sept. 1691. Capt. Crocker was an influential man, and was 
much employed in public business. About the year 1700 he 
bought the house of Robert Claghorn, which stood at the east end 
of Lumbard's pond, and the lands adjoining which he afterwards 
sold to the Lothrops His residence was at Cotuit, and his farm 
is now owned by Josiah Sampson and others. His residence was 
a large old fashioned two story double house. It was standing 
not long since. 

Children horn in Barnstable. 
1-2. I. Deborah, last of Dec. 1691. 

73. II. Prudence, born 26th July, 1692, married Oct. 2, 1712 
John Gorham, Esq., of Barnstable. She was the mother 
of 14 children, 13 of whom lived to mature age. She died 
in 1778 aged 86. 

74. III. Benjamin, born 5th April, 1696, married 17th Sept. 
1719, Priscilla, daughter of Dea. Joseph Hall of Yarmouth. 
He resided at Cotuit, and died 1757, aged 61. His children 
were 1, Deborah, born June 22, 1721, died early ; 2, Desire, 
born Aug. 9, 1727, married Oct. 3, 1747, Coi-nelius Samp- 
son of Rochester; and 3, Martha, born Juae fi, 1732. 


(22) Samuel Crocker, son of Job, born 15th May, 1671, 
married Dec. 10, 1696, Sarah, daughter of Robert Parker. She 
was the mother of thirteen children, and died in 1718, aged 40. 
He married for his second wife, April 12, 1719, Judith Leavet of 
Rochester, by whom he had two children. His farm was at the 
village now called Pondville, near the Sandwich line and was 
bounded by the road leading to Scorton. 

Children born in Barnstable. 

76. I. Samuel, born 12th Dec. 1697, married 2d March, 1723-4, 
Ruth, daughter of the third James Hamblin. She was 
born in 1692, and was five years older than her husband. 
He had 1, Noah, Sept. 12, 1724; 2, Sarah, Jan. 5, 1726, 
married Shubael Hamblin, .Jr., July 16, 1761 ; 3, Hannah, 
May 16, 1729, married Jan. 29, 1758, Abel Gushing of 
Hingham; 4, Anna, May 8, 1731, married Jabez Bursley, 
Dec. 15, 1747 ; 5, Joanna, June 4, 1735, died Aug. 7, 1735, 
6, Joanna. 

77. II. Cornelius, born 24th Oct. 1698, died young. 

78. III. Mary, 8th April, 1700. 

79. IV. Patience, born 18th April, 1701. She became, in 
1727, the second wife of Shubael Davis, sixteen years her 

80. V. Elizabeth, born Feb. 1702-3, married James Childs 
Sept. 27, 1722. 

81. VI. Cornelius, born 23d March, 1704. (See account of 
him below.) 

82. VII. Rowland, born 18th June, 1705. 

83. VIII. G-ersham, bom Dec. 1706, died Nov. 26, 1786, 
aged 80. 

84. IX. Ebenezer, born 5th June, 1710, married Ann Eldredge 
of Falmouth, June 12, 1735, removed to East Haddam, 
Conn., 1751. Children born in Barnstable, 1, Rowland, 
June, 8, 1736, married 24th May, 1763, Persis Brown, and 
had six children; 2, Joanna, born Dec. 8, 1737; 3, 
Ezekiel, born Nov. 24, 1739, married Feb. 28, 1765, Lydia 
Arnold of East Haddam. He removed to Richmond, 
Mass., where he had David, Samuel and Lucy baptized, 
Aug. 14, 1785. He was one of the early settlers of 
Broome County, N. Y., a very pious man and regular at 
family worship. One morning while engaged in his devo- 
tions, he saw his cows in the corn, and he broke into his 
prayer with, "David! Sam! don't you see those cursed 
cows in the corn ? run boys ! quick ! ! " and seeing them well 
started after the cows, took up his broken prayer, and 
leisurely finished it. At 80 years he married a girl of 18, 
promising her, it is said, as her dower, her weight in silver 
dollars. Thev lived together but a short time. She 


separated from him aud married his grandson. 4, Tabitha, 
born in Barnstable Feb. 20, 1741-2 ; 5, Bethia, baptized 
Bethiel, born June 8, 1744 ; 6, Gershom, born Oct. 8, 1746, 
married Jan. 17. 1769, Ann Fisher; 7, Alice, baptized 
March 9, 1748-9 ; 8, Ebenezer, born in East Haddam, 
June 25, 1751 ; 9, Samuel, June 2, 1753. 

85. X. Benjamin, born July, 1711, married 1738, Abigail, 
daughter of John Jenkins of Falmouth. He married in 
1747, Bathsheba, daughter of Dea. Joseph Hall of Yar- 
mouth. He probably married for his 3d wife in 1759 Annie 
Handy of Sandwich. He had seven children born in Barnsta- 
ble, all of whom, excepting Josiah, were baptized at the West 
Church. 1, Joseph, April 15, 1748 ; 2, Benjamin, Sept. 17, 
1749 ; 3, Timothy, Oct. 3, 1751 ; 4, Abigail, Nov. 91, 1753 ; 5, 
Bathsheba, Nov. 11, 1755; 6, Peter, Jan. 11, 1758; 7, 
Josiah, April 17, 1760. 

86. XI. Eebecea, , married Eben Jones, March 20, 1 740. 

87. XII. Rachell, . married Joseph Howland, Jan. 18, 


88. XIII. David, , called junior to distinguish him from 

David Crocker, Esq., son of Job, married Dorcas Davis of 
Falmouth, 1741, had 1, Anna, born Dec. 24,1742; 2, 
Rachel, 1744 ; 3, Samuel, Feb. 1747. 

89. XIV. Sarah, , married Joshua Backhouse of Sand- 
wich, Nov. 7, 1734. 

90. XV. Tabitha, baptized Aug. 21, 1721, married Timothy 
Davis of Falmouth, Feb. 7, 1760. 

(81. VI.) Cornelius Crocker, son of Samuel, was bound, 
when young, as an apprentice to a tailor, and afterwards had a 
shop of his own, and worked at the business many years. He 
had a club-foot, was lame and unable to attend to business which 
required much physical effort and active exertion. He married, 
Nov. 9, 1727, Lydia, daughter of Joseph Jenkins. He resided 
in the East Parish, built in 1741 the high single house near the 
Agricultural Hall, afterwards owned by Ebenezer Taylor. He 
bought the ancient grist mill on Mill Creek, which he rebuilt. He 
afterwards owned the farm on the west of Rendevons lane, which 
was originally Thomas Lothrop's home lot, and that part of 
Joseph Lothrop's which was on that side of the lane, together 
with the ancient gambrel roofed house which according to tradi- 
tion, belonged to the Glovers. He also owned the wharf known 
as Crocker's Wharf, and a fish house near the same. He resided 
for a time in the gambrel roofed house, afterwards owned and 
occupied by his son Samuel. He also bought the estate known of 
late years as "Lydia Sturgis's tavern," where he kept a public 
house many years. He owned other real estate, and was one of 
the most wealth v men of his time in the East Parish. His house 


till within a few years has been a noted tavern stand, and a 
favorite resort for travellers. It has always been kept in good 
repair. It was built to accommodate those who attended the 
courts. The first court house in the county of Barnstable was 
built in the field next on the east. Its location caused, at that 
time, much excitement. The Gorhams who resided at the lower 
part of the town, were wealthy and influential, and insisted that 
it should be located in their neighborhood. They urged that such 
a location was nearer the center of the population, and that it 
would give better satisfaction to the people of the County. Gov. 
Hineldey and the Lothrops insisted on a more western location, 
and they prevailed. The Lothrops owned the land on which it 
was finally located. The Gorhams were so confident that the 
Court House would be located in their neighborhood that one or 
more buildings intended for hotels, were put up. 

Cornelius Crocker, as has already been stated, kept a public 
house ; he was also engaged in the fisheries, gave employment to 
quite a number of men, and naturally exerted much influence, in 
his neighborhood and in the town. He belonged to that moderate 
class, among the tories who deemed it inexpedient for the colonies 
to adopt measures that would inevitably lead to a war with the 
mother country. Perhaps under other circumstances, he would 
have been more decided and out-spoken than he was. He had 
passed the age of man ; his political principles and his interests 
were antagonistical, and prudence dictated that he should commit 
no act that would render his large estate liable to confiscation. 

At the commencement of the Revolution there were, in fact, 
four political parties in Barnstable, the lines between which were 
drawn with more or less distinctness. 1, The ardent whigs, of 
whom Dr. Nathaniel Freeman of Sandwich, and Joseph Otis, 
Esq., a brother of the patriot James, were the moving spirits and 
leaders. Dr. Freeman was then a young man, active, ardent and 
zealous ; but his zeal was not always tempered by the discretion of 
age. This party were nearly all young men, burning with indig- 
nation at the outrages which the mother country had inflicted on 
the colonies. In the East Parish the leading men were Daniel 
Davis, Esq., Sylvanus Gorham, Seth Lothrop, Jonathan Lumbert, 
John Thacher, Jethro Thacher, Nathaniel Lothrop, John Lewis, 
George Lewis, Timothy Phinney, and James Coleman. Brigadier 
Joseph Otis at first acted with them, but he and Daniel Davis, 
Esq., afterwards acted with the more moderate party. 2. The 
leaders of the more moderate party were older men, and more 
conservative in their views. Col. James Otis, Solomon Otis, 
Esq., Nymphus Marston, Esq., Lieut. Joseph Blish, Capt. Samuel 
Crocker, Edward Bacon, Esq., Sturgis Gorham, Esq., Isaac 
Hinckley, Esq., Shearjashub Bourne, Esq., Eleazer Scudder, and 
Dea. Joseph Hallett, were prominent men of the party. During 


the Revolution they were always in the majority in Barnstable, 
and the members of this party were the men who were relied on 
to furnish men and money, tlie sinews of war. 

The tories were few in numbers in Barnstable. They were 
also divided into two parties, the out-spoken and decided, of 
whom David Parker,'Esq., and Mr. Otis Loring were the leading 
men. The more moderate were such men as Mr. Cornelius 
Crocker and his son Josiah. Among the tories were men of 
wealth, of respectability, and influence. They were citizens, and 
so long as they did not give aid or comfort to the enemies of the 
country, and contributed their share to the public expenses, they 
were entitled to the protection of the laws, though their political 
opinions might not have been in accordance with the views of a 
majority of the people. Such protection the moderate among the 
whigs were willing to concede ; but for making this concession, 
some of them were persecuted with more bitterness of feeling 
then were the open and avowed tories. Edward Bacon, Esq., 
who had been chosen a representative to the General Court, was 
denounced as a tory, and an enemy to his country. A remon- 
strance embodying these charges was presented to the Legislature 
and published in a newspaper at Watertown, July 8, 1776, and in 
consequence the seat of Mr. Bacon was declared vacant. He 
returned home. A town meeting was duly notified and held, and 
the town meeting resolved, with great unanimity, that the charges 
preferred against him were false and slanderous. 

Capt. Samuel Crocker, to whom unintentional injustice was 
done in the notice of the cutting down of the liberty pole in 
Barnstable, was also persecuted with a malignity of feeling that is 
not creditable to those who took an active part therein. He was 
one of the most intelligent and active men of the whig party, 
conservative and tolerant in his opinions. His position was un- 
fortunate ; but it was not one of his own seeking or making, and 
for which he was in no way responsible. His father and brothers 
were classed among the loyalists, whether rightfully or wrong- 
fully, to him belonged neither the censure or the praise. He was 
responsible for his own acts, not for those of others. Natural 
affection would dictate to him that he ought not to deal harshly 
with those who were bound to him by the ties of consanguinity. 
His position entitled him to sympathy ; but there were those who 
irreverantly said that he should forsake "father and mother and 
wife and children," for the cause of his country. His brother, 
Cornelius, was not a decided politician, though he generally acted 
with the whig party, and therefore could not be classed among the 
tories. He did not possess the commanding talents of his brother 
Samuel, or the learning of his brother Josiah, but in his own way, 
he denounced, with perhaps too much severity, the excesses of the 
day. Such a course exposes a man to the censure of both parties. 


In times when the political elements are moved to their very founda- 
tions, men cannot be neutral, they must belong to the one party or 
the other. To some extent Cornelius Crocker, Jr., professed to be 
neutral in politics, and he was therefore denounced by both parties. 
In front of his house stood the Liberty Pole, the emblem of progress, 
around which the whigs were wont to assemble ; and near by, in lov- 
ing proximity, the stocks and the whipping post, lingering emblems 
of a barbarous code, and of a more barbarous age. 

The inhabitants in town meeting, by their repeated votes, 
manifested their confidence in the political integrity of Capt. Samuel 
Crocker, against whom the shafts of malevolence seem to have been 
as violently hurled as against his father and brothers. Its bitterness 
may be judged by the fact that a century has now nearly elapsed, 
yet the feelings of animosity which it engendered have not yet sub- 

Another unhappy dissension between individuals also divided 
public sentiment. An unfriendly feeling which existed between 
Brigadier Joseph Otis and Edward Bacon, Esq., led to unpleasant 
political action. Mr. Otis, however, soon became satisfied that the 
charges against Mr. Bacon were false and malicious, and there- 
after cordially co-operated with him and the conservative portion 
of the whig party. Mr. Bacon was a deacon of the East Church, 
and the matter became a subject of church discipline. The 
church wisely decided that "a church being an ecclesiastical 
body, have no right to call its members to an account for actions 
of a civil and public nature ; that in signing petitions against Dea. 
Bacon, they exercised their just right as men, and subjects of a 
free state ; and that in their apprehension, when they entered into 
a church state, they did not give up any of their civil rights ; that 
they did not charge the Deacon with any immorality ; but that his 
religious character stood as fair in their minds when they signed 
the petitions as before ; that if they were chargeable with any 
overt acts of wickednesi*, or breach of their covenant engage- 
ments, they were willing to answer it to the church, and to make 
christian satisfaction ; but that as to political controversies, they 
begged leave to refer them to a civil tribunal." 

This extract is from the reply to the complaint of Dea. 
Bacon. The vote of the church assumes the same ground, but 
all the particulars are not recapitulated. This vote was passed 
June 22d, 1780, three years later than the action of the town, 
and after the passions engendered at the moment had had time to 
subside. This is contemporaneous authority and therefore valu- 
able. Dea. Bacon had, for some time, withdrawn himself from 
the communion of the church, and a second vote was unanimously 
passed desiring and requesting him "to return to his privilege and 
duty and the discharge of his office in the church." On the 2d of 
August following a committee was appointed to confer with him. 


and on the 30th they reported at an adjourned meeting, "that the 
affair between Dea. Bacon and the Brethren, styled petitioners, 
was happily accommodated." Dea. Bacon returned to the dis- 
charge of his office, and harmony once more apparently prevailed 
in the councils of the church. 

In the language of the town records, "the dissentions which 
divided our once happy town" were so intimately blended that it is 
difficult now to draw the distinguishing lines between them. 
"The Crocker quarrels" were two in number, one between Col. 
Nathaniel Freeman and others, and the family of Cornelius 
Crocker, and the other between Abigail Freeman* and Samuel 
Crocker and others. It was the latter that the town refused to 
take action on, on the ground that it was a private matter, and 
that the settlement of the questions involved, belonged to the 
Courts and not to the town. 

As references will be made to localities in vicinity of the 
Court House, a brief description will not be out of place. The 
second Court House has been remodeled and is now known as the 
Baptist Meeting House. It was built about the year 1774, and 
stands on the north side of the road. At that time there was on 
the east, where Judge Day's house now stands, an ancient two 
story house, probably built by one of the Lothrops of the first 
settlers, and then occupied by the widow Abigail Freeman as a 
dwelling house and grocery store. The house on the east, 
between the Court House and Rendezvous Lane, said to have 
been built of the timber of the old meeting-house, is yet standing, 
and is occupied by the Baptist Society for a parsonage. On the 
west side of the lane, there was air ancient two story house, prob- 
ably built by Thomas Lothrop, a brother of Joseph. This house 
was then owned by Cornelius Crocker, Jr., and occupied as a 
public house. In front of these buildings, excepting that 
occupied by the widow Freeman, there was a narrow green, on 
which the militia company often paraded during the Revolutionary 
struggle. In front of the Court House, and on the south side of 
the street, stood the public house of Mr. Otis Loring. Between 
the Court House and Loring's tavern was his blacksmith shop, 

*Some of the essential features of this transaction have been the subject of controversy 
between the writer of these sketches and the author of the "Hist, of Cape Cod." The 
latter, writing with much apparent feelinff, and in a tone of bitter denunciation, (See Hist. 
C. C, Vol. 11, pp. 305-306,) controverts the assumption of Mr. Otis, that this outrage was 
committed by Whig sympathizers, upon a Tory lady, but charges its commission upon the 
Tories and their loyalist associates, against one who sympathized with the Whigs. The 
fact that the outrage was committed upon Mrs. Freeman is not disputed. In support of 
his views, Mr. Freeman quotes Dr. James Thacher, a native of the town and a contem- 
porary of the events in controversy. It seems very singular that two such well-infonaed 
writers as Mr. Otis and Mr. Freeman should have taken such entirely opposite views of 
a transaction of which it would seem that the truth could easily have been arrived at by 
men of their opportunities of jud^ng; and it has been the purpose of the writei- of this 
note, to investigate the subject, with a view of endeavoring to set the transaction right; 
but documentary evidence in the case has not been available to him. He deems it 
proper, however, to here remark upon this strange contradiction, with an expression of 
the hope that future investigation may place the matter in controversy in its true 
light. [See pp. 2334.] S. 


not in the dii-ect line between, but a little eastward. The Sturgis 
tavern, which has been described, is about three hundred yards 
eastward from the Court House, and on the south side of the road. 
TJiere has been only one change in the location of the buildings in 
this vicinity since 1775 — the Loring tavern has been taken down. 
In 1774 Loring made an addition to his house, in order to induce 
the justices of the courts to stop with him. During the Revolution 
his house was the head-quarters of the tories, and the Sturgis 
house of the whigs. 

The. exciting incidents which occurred in that vicinity, are 
popularly known as the "Crocker quarrels," though others beside 
the Croekers took part in them. The scene of the Indian Dream 
was laid in that vicinity ; the Liberty pole, cut down by sacrileg- 
ious hands, stood at the west end of the Green; the widow 
Freeman was tarred and feathered thereon, the difHculties between 
Cols. Freeman and Otis, and the Croekers, occurred there, and in 
the house of Cornelius Crocker, Jr., fronting thereon, and the 
defiant passage at arms, between Otis Loring and the Vigilance 
Committee, in the Blacksmith's shop. The bitter feelings of 
personal hostility which these incidents engendered, has no 
parallel on Cape Cod, if the case between the Clarks and the 
Winslows of Harwich, be excepted. Even now, individuals may 
be found who are ready "to shoulder their crutches, and show 
how the battles" were fought. 

The Indian Dreame. On a fine morning, just before the 
Declaration of Independence, the villagers found under the 
latchets of their doors, a small pamphlet entitled "An Indian 
Dream, drempt on Cape Cod, intended as a satire upon the lead- 
ing men of the County, particularly on the justices of the Court 
of Common Sessions. It was written with much ability, and its 
witty allusions commended it to the young and the old, and to 
men of all parties. 

The Indian said, "I dreamed that I was in the spirit world, 
that I saw a long bench, with twelve antient . men sitting thereon. 
(The twelve justices of the Court.) I inquired who they were, 
and was informed that they had just arrived from the lower world, 
and that Satan (a nickname of Otis Loring) had added an apart- 
ment to his domain for their special accommodation. I asked, 
who is that venerable man sitting at the head of the bench. 
(Col. James Otis.) I was told that he was their Chief in the 
nether world, that in early life he was a painter and glazier by 
trade,* that he afterwards peddled goods to customers, and law 
to clients, that his tribe had made him a chief sachem ; but of 
late he thought himself to be the best paddler in canoe of State." 

* This fact I have never seen stated in any biograpliy of Col. James Otis. It was 
during the time he travelled from house to house paintinff and repairing the ancient dia- 
mond glass windows, that be laid the foundation of his influence and usefalness. 


In this manner the Indian described, in his dream, the twelve 
justices. He called no one by name ; but described some peculiar 
trait in the character of each, so that the individual intended was 
known. t 

The pamphlet caused much excitement at the time, and was 
considered a tory document. The secret of the authorship was 
well kept ; no legal proof could be obtained respecting the author 
or the printer. It was a caustic satire on many who were after- 
wards leading whigs, and they never forgot it, or forgave the 
Crockers who were the reputed authors. Why this was so, it 
seems difficult to determine, for tories came in for their full share 
of the satire. If that pamphlet had emanated from a different 
source, I am inclined to the opinion that it would have been differ- 
ently received. It was the allusions therein to the private char- 
acters of the individuals that gave offence. "The Body of the 
People" prevented the same justices from holding, by virtue of 
authority emanating from the King, their court in Barnstable. J 
The Committee arrested, or attempted to arrest, others who were 
satirized in the pamphlet. Private considerations probably had an 
influence in giving to Mr. Otis Loring so prominent a position m 
the Dream. He kept an opposition tavern, and had then recently 
enlarged his house, and was endeavoring to induce the Coui:t to 
stop with him. 

Mr. Loring was an outspoken and decided tory. He made 
no attempt to conceal his opinions. When the Vigilance Commit- 
tee, of whom Col. Freeman was the Chairman, came to arrest 
him, he went into his blacksmith's shop and laid a long bar of 
iron across the fire, and heated the central portion to a read heat. 
His friends had given him notice of the approach of the Com- 
mittee, and when they arrived he was prepared for them. He 
stood before his shop door holding the bar by either end. With- 
out burning their fingers, it would have been diflScult for them to 
have made an immediate arrest. He politely said, "gentlemen, I 
am ready for you, come on." Finding him determined to resist, 
they went away, without maliing an arrest. At another time, Mr. 
Loring was concealed in a chamber of his house for several days, 
to avoid arrest. 

It does not appear that Mr. Loring or the Crockers had 
committed any overt or open act of treason. They had freely 

1 1 read this pamphlet when a school hoy fifty years ago, and I cannot Touch for the 
verhal accuracy of the words placed in quotation marks. Henry Crocker, Esq., now of 
Boston, sat on the same bench with me, had the pamphlet, and I read it in the school room 
and have not since seen it. About the year 1824,1 had a conversation with Sarali La^vrence 
respecting it. She said, "the people said that my brother Josiah wrote it, that it was 
printed in Boston, brought from there in the packet, and the night following a copy was 
laid at the door of each man in the village." Her manner induced me to believe at tlie 
time, that there was truth in the common report, though she did not so state. 

JThe original papers on this subject have been preserved, and I intended to have 
printed them, with fac similes of the signatures ; but the publication must be deferred. 


expressed their own opinions, usually in their own houses, and 
however obnoxious such opinions may have been to others, a 
sound policy did not demand the arrest or imprisonment of such 
men. Treason should be nipped in its bud ; but perfect freedom 
to debate on matters of policy is the unalienable right of a free 

The "Crocker Quarrels." 

Almost every evening, in these exciting times, the whigs met 
at their headquarters in the Sturgis tavern, to hear the news, and 
discuss current political events, and words often ran high. One 
evening a large company had assembled, Capt. Samuel Crocker, 
and his brothers Cornelius and Josiah were present, Col. 
Nathaniel Freeman of Sandwich, the late Capt. Samuel Taylor of 
Yarmouth, and others were present. The sub.iect of the conver- 
sation was politics. The principal speakers were Col. Freeman 
and Capt. Samuel Crocker. The latter was a whig, and one of 
the most efficient of the party in Barnstable, being frequently on 
Committees, and was a very able and intelligent man. He 
opposed the system of espionage which had been established, not 
only as useless, but as calculated to do injury to the cause of the 
country. Inquiring of the aged whether they had tea concealed 
in their houses, and of. young ladies whether they were whig or 
tory, he said was a duty not required of the patriot or the states- 

Others of the company opposed both Capt. Crocker and Col. 
Freeman. Words ran high. The Colonel was ardent and 
zealous — of a nervous temperament and opposition kindled his 
ii'e. Capt. Crocker, when excited, was earnest and irascible, and 
would not submit to be told that the moderate measures that he 
advocate^ was toryism in disguise. Crimination lead to re-crimin- 
ation, and re-crimination to personal violence. Some of the 
company vented their spleen against the Crockers by breaking 
down the fence in front of the house. 

Opprobious epithets never make proselytes ; like the over- 
charged gun, they are apt to recoil. The violent political discus- 
sions of those days, prove no more this, that the convictions of 
the people were deep — that they were in earnest and that in their 
earnestness they sometimes over-stepped the bounds of pru- 

If the difficulties between the Crockers and the Freemans had 
ended as they begun, only in the use of intemperate language, 
the remembrance of their dissentions would have long since been 
buried in oblivion. 

Not long afterwards the militia company paraded on the 
Court House Green. Cols. Nathaniel Freeman and Joseph Otis 
were both present. They were both unpopular with the soldiers. 


for what reason I am unable to say, probably on account of the 
differences in political sentiments which then prevailed, already ex- 
plained in the account of parties in Barostable. According to 
military usuages, when they passed through the lines, the soldiers 
should have presented arms. Instead of extending to them this 
token of respect, due to them as superior officers, every soldiei', 
at a given signal, clubbed his musket. || This was received, as it 
was intended, as a token of disrespect, as an insult from the 
officers and soldiers of the Company to their superiors. Col. 
Otis turned to Capt. Samuel Crocker, and said in a defiant tone, 
"The Croekers are at the bottom of this." "You lie, sir," was 
the response. Col. Otis immediately raised his cane and struck 
Capt. Crocker a severe blow, which he returned. The spectators 
interfered, but before they were parted several blows were inter- 
changed. Simultaneously, Col. Freeman made the same charge 
against Cornelius Crocker, Jr., who had gone or was going into 
his house. Col. Freeman followed him into the west room and 
made three passes at him with his cutlass. Fortunately neither 
of them took effect ; but some one called out that Col. Freeman 
had cut down Nell Crocker, at which Elijah Crocker rushed from 
the ranks into the house, and, with fixed boyonet, swore he would 
revenge the blood of his uncle. Dr. Samuel Savage was stand 
ing in the doorway, and grasping the bayonet, turned it on one 
side, and with the assistance of others in the house, prevented 
young Crocker from executing his threat. 

One or more of the blows aimed by' Col. Freeman at Cornelius 
Crocker, Jr., took effect on the "summer-beam" of the house, 
and the deep incision made therein showed the force with which 
the blows were struck. These marks remained till the house was 
taken down, about fifty years ago, and were often examined by 
visitors. 1tf> 

The difficulty between Col. Otis and Capt. Crocker was satis- 
factorily, adjusted and settled. That between Col. Freeman and 
the Croekers never. The only palliation for the offence is, it was 
done hastily and in a moment of uncontrolable excitement, caused 
by a palpable insult to him as a man and an officer. There is no 
other excuse — it cannot be justified — a man's house is his castle, 
his sanctuary, and he that invades it, without legal authority, 
commits an outrage on the rights of others. The tory proclivi- 
ties of Cornelius Crocker, Jr., did not warrant Col. Freeman in 

II Clubbing Arms. I am profoundly ignorant of military terms, and cannot say whether 
this is a teclinical or cant phrase. I am told that it ii the reverse of shoulder arms,— that 
the breach is elevated across the shoulder, and the muzzle grasped as a club is held. 

Note. — Attention has been called to the statement found on page 224 which says of 
Benjamin Crocker, "He probably married for his third wife in 1759, Annie Handy of Sand- 
wich." Ibis is rendered inprobable, by the fact that the inscription upon their grave- 
stones in the burying-gi-ound at Marston's Mills represent liim as dying in 1785, and his 
wife, Bathsheba, in 1808, surviving him twenty-three years. S. 


drawing his sword on an unarmed man, nor did the act of Col. 
Freeman warrant the act of Elijah Crocker in rushing upon him 
with fixed bayonet. 

I have repeatedly heard aged men, who took an active part in 
the stirring events of those times, not only justify the act, but 
refer to it as an evidence of the patriotic zeal of Col. Freeman.* 
He had numerous adherents, more zealous than himself, who 
counselled no concession. The Crockers had also many friends. 
The wound might at first have been healed ; but frequent irrita- 
tions caused it to fester, and its virus spread through the village, 
parish, and town, causing divisions in families, and alienation of 
old friends. The children and friends of the parties ever enter- 
tained a bitter hostility towards each other, and their grand- 
children, the men of the present generation, are sensitive on the 
subject, and refer to it with painful interest. 

Tar and feathering. Abigail Freeman, baptized in the East 
Church Sept. 21, 1729, was a daughter of Thomas Davis of 
Barnstable. The few among the aged who remember her, call 
her the Widow Nabby Freeman. April 8, 1753, at the tender age 
of fifteen, she married David Freeman of Fairfield, Conn. His 
mother, who was a Sturgis, had married for her second husband. 
Job Gorham, and it appears that some of her children came with 
her to Barnstable. Abigail had a son born March 25, 1757, 
named Thomas Davis Freeman, and she became a widow soon 
after that date. She united with the East Church March 26, 
1758, and continued to be a member, of good standing, till the 
close of her life in November, 1788. 

She resided in the ancient dwelling house probably built by 
Joseph Lothrop, Esq., that stood next east of the new Court 
House, where Judge Day now resides. Early in life she became a 
widow and had to rely on her own unaided exertions to procure 
the means of subsistence. She kept a small grocery store, and 
being an outspoken tory, refused to surrender her small stock of 
tea, to be destroyed by the Vigilance Committee. She was talka- 
tive, a fault not exclusively confined to her sex, was a frequent 
visitor at the house of Otis Loring, made no attempt to conceal 
her tory principles, and was sometimes severe in her denunciation 
of the acts of leading whigs. Her course was not patriotic and 
not to be commended. Even at the present day (1863) there are 
persons who condemn, with' more severity, the acts of our govern- 
ment and the leading politicians, than did Abigail Freeman during 
the Revoluntionai-y struggle ; yet no sane man would consider it 
wise or expedient to enact laws, restraining the freedom of speech 
in regard to the policy of measures, or the motives of individuals. 

*I must confess that I have myself used this argument. I had not then investigated 
the facts and circumstances of the case. In truth, there Is only one essential fact, and that 
is, the assault. No one denies it, and the* question turns on this point; did the circum- 
stances justify the act? T once thought they did. I now think otherwise. 


Some of our Revolutionary fathers in Barnstable, thought differ- 
ently and acted differently. Abigail Freeman was an eye sore to 
them. , She kept a little grocery store, saw many persons, and 
would keep her tongue in motion whenever and wherever she 
could find a listener. Doctors Freeman and Smith, for whom she 
had a strong antipathy, some of the Crockers with whom she had 
a private quarrel, and some of the radical whigs, resolved that a 
bridle should be put upon lier tongue. Ducking stools, for the 
cure of scolds and unquiet women, had then gone out of use, and 
the then modern invention of tarring and feathering, and riding 
on a rail, were in vogue. Perhaps it is well that the names of the 
individuals who took part in this courteous ceremony were not 
recorded. They were all young men, and acting in the shade of 
night, perhaps were not recognized in the disguises which they 

When they came to the house of Mrs. Freeman she had 
retired for the night. They obtamed an entrance, took her from 
her bed to the Green, besmeared her with tar and covered her 
with feathers. A rail was procured from a fence in the vicinity, 
across which she was set astride, and either end thereof was 
placed on the shoulder of a stout youth. She was held in her 
position by a man who walked at her side, holding her by the 
hand. When they were tired of the sport, and after they had 
exacted from her a promise that she would no more meddle in 
politics, they released her, and the gallant band soon after sneaked 

Though some who took an active part in this demonstration — 
this visible argument for personal liberty and the freedom of 
speech — disliked to be known as participators ; yet a strong party 
in Sandwich and Barnstable justified the act. 

No apologist for this can now be found ; but before condemn- 
ing the participators, we must take into consideration the mitigat- 
ing circumstances. Its respectability and influence, if not actual 
participators, countenanced and supported those that were. 
Allowance must also be made for the excitement of the times, and 
that men acting under the influence of such excitement, often do 
things which they afterwards regret. The Widow Freeman was a 
thorn in their sides — she could out-talk any of them, was fascinat- 
ing in her manners, and had an influence which she exerted, 
openly and definantly, against the patriotic men who were then 
hazzarding their fortunes and their lives in the struggle for 
American independence. Sitting quietly at our firesides we may 
condemn such acts, and, as moralists say, the end does not justify 
the means. Perhaps if we were placed in the same circumstance 
that our fathers were, we should do as they did. These consid- 
erations are not presented as a .justification of the gross and 
shameless violation of the personal rights of Widow Abigail 


Freeman, but as mitigating circumstances which should temper 
the verdict of public opinion. 

Col. James Otis attempted to heal the difficulties in town and 
reconcile the parties, and h^ partially succeeded. Deacon Bacon 
and Coi. Freeman were his Idnsmen, and his age and the eminent 
services which he had rendered to the town and County, entitled 
his opinions to high consideration. At a town meeting held May 
21, 1776, he made, what the records call, an "apology ! " and the 
town voted to hear a part of it, but not "that part relating to 
Abigail Freeman and the Crocker's quarrel." The reason for 
making this distinction is apparent, Dea. Bacon was the repre- 
sentative elect of the town. Joseph Otis, and others, had peti- 
tioned the General Court that he be ejected from his seat, and 
therefore any matter relative to Deacon Bacon's qualifications or 
to the petition, was pertinent ; but neither Abigail nor the 
Crockers stood in the same relation to the town, and therefore the 
inhabitants, as a town, had nothing to do with their quarrels. 
These votes show that the men of those days thought and acted 
independently, and that they could not be persuaded to act in 
opposition to what they believed to be the right course of action, 
even by cne who had been President of the first continental Con- 
gress at Watertown. 

Mr. Cornelius Crocker died Dec. 12, 1784, aged 80. His 
wife, Mrs. Lydia Crocker, died Aug. 5, 1773, aged 68. His will 
is dated April 6, 1782, and the codicil thereto Feb. 10, 1784. 
His sons Elijah and Elisha were then dead, and are not named. 
To Samuel he gave "all his land lying westward and northward of 
the way that leads from the County road, near his son Cornelius's 
dwelling house, to Rendevous Creek, with the dwelling house in 
which he now lives, and all other buildings standing on the 
premises," with one half of the fish house and the land on which 
it stood, one half of his wharf, and one half of the way to the 
same. His son Joseph was dead. To his widow, Elizabeth, he 
gave a right in the house he devised to the sons of his son Josiah, 
and to his grand-daughter Mary £30 in silver money. To his 
daughter. Widow Lydia Sturgis, he gave the westerly part of the 
dwelling house where he then lived, and one half of the 
furniture. To Cornelius he gave one half of his fish house, 
half of his wharf, £15 in silver money, and all the debts 
he then owed him. In consideration of tlie larger proportion of 
the estate given to Samuel, the latter was to make no demand on 
Cornelius, Jr., for debts due. His son Josiah was then dead. 
To his grand-sons, Robert, Uriel, and Josiah, the house in which 
their father Josiah had lived, with one and one half acres of 
land, being the east part of his homestead next the lane, and 
£6 each when 21 ;. to his two grand-daughters, Deborah and 
Mehitable, children of his son Josiah. £6 each in silver money. 


To his daughter, Widow Sarah Lawrence £30 iu silver, his desk, 
one half of his furniture, and one quarter of his pew in the East 
Meeting House. 

He made Samuel, Cornelius, and'Lydia, his residuary lega- 
tees, giving them his grist mill, the easterly part of his dwelling- 
house, wood-lots and meadows and all his other real and personal 
estate not otherwise specifically devised. His will was witnessed 
by Edward Bacon and his wife Rachael, and Mercy Crocker. 

The sons and daughters of Cornelius Crocker were all per- 
sons of more than ordinary intellectual vigor. Josiah received a 
public education, and all of the family were well educated for the 
times. They were close observers of passing events, and were 
all distinguished for their conversational powers, and their ready 
command of language. The children of Cornelius Crocker, born 
in Barnstable, were : 1, Elijah, born April 12, 1729; 2, Elisha, 
born Sept. 14, 17.30. Both died in early life, and are not named 
in the will of their father. 3, Samuel, born July 29, 1732 ; 4, 
Joseph, born April 12, 1734; 5, Lydia, April 14, 1739; 6, 
Cornelius, born Aug. 21, 1740; 7, Josiah, born Dec. 20, 1744, 
and 8, Sarah, whose name is not on the town records, born in the 
year 1749. 

Capt. Samuel Crocker, son of Cornelius, a man of note dur- 
ing the Revolutionary struggle, man-ied April 8, 1753, by David 
Gorham, Esq., Elizabeth, daughter of Capt. Samuel Lumbert. 
She died of consumption June 13, 1757, aged 27. He married, 
for his second wife, her sister Anna, May 29, 1760. His children 
were: 1, Abigail, July 1, 1753; 2, Elijah, Oct. 27, 1755; 3, 
Elizabeth, Feb. 24, 1767; 4, Anna, April 7,1766; 5, Elisha, 
Aug. 30, 1767 ; 6, Ezekiel, Jan. 20, 1770 ; and 7, Susanna, July 
7, 1773. Elijah, I think, died early in life. Elizabeth lived to 
be aged, and died unmarried. Anna married Isaac Bacon, Jr., 
July 1, 1793, died early leaving a large family. Elisha was a sea 
captain, had a family, and resided in the ancient gambrel roofed 
house on Rendevous Lane. He died May 15, 1817. Ezekiel, the 
last survivor of the family, married Temperance Phinney Dec. 28, 
1794 ; kept a public house where Judge Day now resides. 
Susannah, married .July 14, 1796, John Bursley, father of the 
present David Bursley, Esq., and was the mother of a numerous 

Joseph Crocker, son of Cornelius, married Jan. 12, 1758, 
Elizabeth Davis. He had Joseph Nov. 15, 1760, who died young, 
and Mary born Dec. 28, 1763. He died early. His widow died 
Feb. 7, 1811, aged 75, and her daughter Mary or Polly married 
Isaac Lothrop Oct. 1796. 

Lydia, daughter of Cornelius, married April 3, 1760, Capt. 
Samuel Sturgis, 3d. He was a captain of ^ Company at Cape 
Breton, and died Aug. 9, 1762, aged 25. She died April 9, 1825, 


aged 86, having lived a widow 62 years and 8 months. She was 
born in the house which has been named, near the Agricultural 
Hall ; but resided nearly all her life in the house where she died, 
and widely known as "Aunt Lydia's tavern." She had an only 
child, Sally, who married Daniel Crocker. He died. April 22, 
1811, aged 49. She died Oct. 3, 1837, aged 77, leaving many 
descendents. A grandson, Barnabas Davis, Esq., of Boston, 
now owns the ancient tavern. 

Cornelius Crocker, Jr., married Abiah Hinckley. He had 
two sons ; Naler, born in 1773, many years one of the selectmen 
and town clerk of Barnstable. He died March 28, 1829, he had 
a son Henry, now living, and a dauighter Abiah, first wife of 
Enoch T. Cobb. Cornelius also had a son Asa, born in 1776. 
He taught a school in Barnstable several years and died unmarried 
April 17, 1822, aged 46. Cornelius Crocker, Jr., died early, and 
his widow Abiah survived him many years, dying June 7, 1823, 
aged 77. For many years she kept a tavern in the dwelling house 
now owned by Dr. Allen, and in the more ancient house that 
stood on the same spot. She was a strong-minded, intelligent 
woman, and of good business capacity. One anecdote respecting 
her illustrates her character for firmness. After the death of her 
husband Col. Freeman called at her house on a court week, and 
asked to have lodgings. Her reply was, "my house is full, sir." 
"But," said the Col. "my friends put up here, and I would like to 
be with them." Her reply was, "my house is full, sir." Col. 
F., a little excited, said, "madam, you are licensed to keep a 
public house, and are bound to accommodate travellers and per- 
sons attending the Courts." "Yes," said she, "but, if my house 
was not full, (pointing to the marks on the summer beam) there 
would be no room for Col. Freeman." To this he responded, 
"It is time to forget those old matters and bury the hatchet." 
"Yes," said Mrs. Crocker, "but the aggressor should dig the 

Joseph Crocker, son of Cornelius, graduated at Harvard 
College in 1765. He did not take the degree of Master of Arts. 
He resided in the two story single house east of his sister Lydia's 
tavern, and afterwards owned by Freeman Hinckley. He taught 
a school some little time in Barnstable ; but on account of his 
feeble health and tory proclivities, was not much, if any, in public 
life. He married Oct. 6, 1765, immediately after leaving college, 
Deborah, daughter of Hon. Daniel Davis, and had five children, 
Robert, Uriel, Josiah, Deborah, and Mehitable. He died of 
consumption May 4, 1780, in the 36th year of his age, and is 
buried in the new grave yard on Cobb's Hill. His widow married 
Benjamin Gorham, Jr., and had by him Abigail, who married 
Aug. 4, 1803, Capt. Henry Bacon. Uriel Crocker settled in 
Boston, and has a son of the same name now living. Deborah 


married John Lotlirop ; Mehitable, Joseph Parker. The Wkl. 
Deborah Gorham died in 1818, aged 72. 

Sally or Sarah, daughter of Cornelius, married Capt. David 
Lawrence, after a very brief eourtsliip. He was a sea captain, 
and was the first who displayed the Stars and Stripes in the port 
of Bristol, England. Dea. Joseph Hawes of Yarmouth, was his 
mate. Capt. Lawrence was consumptive and was unable to per- 
form his duties during the voyage, and died soon after his return, 
on the 3d of October, 1783, aged 35 years. She survived till 
Feb. 21, 1825, when she died, aged 76. Mrs. Lawrence was 
distinguished for her conversational power. She had read all the 
current literature of the day. Her friends were among the lead- 
ing men of the times, and she was well versed in local history, 
and in all the leading topics of conversation in her day. Her 
wit was keen and cut without seeming to give offence. She was 
not fastidious, and the point of her wit was never blunted in order 
to avoid an allusion which prudery might condemn. She was 
open, candid, and decided in all her opinions, and in the expres- 
sion of them, her wit often sparkled with a brilliancy that silenced 
opposition. Her instantaneous reply to Col. Freeman and other 
members of the Whig Vigilance Committee, when they inquired of 
her whether she was whig or tory, was of this character, and will 
be long remembered. She belonged to the same school of politics 
with her brother Samuel, and held that the asking of young ladies 
such questions was not only uncalled for ; but impertinent. Her 
most cutting rebuke consisted of only four words ; and that com- 
mittee never forgot them, and ever after treated her with the 
most marked respect. I have often heard her relate the story, 
but the reply she made was always pronounced in a suppressed 
tone of voice. 

She lived a widow over forty-one years, and her house was 
the resort of numerous friends who appreciated her talents and 
listened with delight to her conversation. Intellectually she never 
grew old. She could, without seeming effort, adapt herself to the 
old and the young, the gay and the religious. She could discuss the 
merits of the last novel, or the doctrines of the last sermon. Her 
friends and relatives always treated her with marked respect, and 
the survivors still fondly cherish her memory. 

She had a son William, who was a hatter, and died early ; and 
Lucy, who married Holmes Allen, Esq. He built the house now 
owned by Mr. Frederick Cobb. He was a lawyer, a man esteemed 
for his talents and legal knowledge ; but unfortunately became in- 
temperate, and died in early life, leaving an only child, Heni-y 
Holmes Allen, born Aug. 14, 1801. He was three days my sen- 
ior. We were school-mates and play-fellows in early life, and as- 
sociates in manhood. He was honest and honorable ; kind, gen- 
erous, sympathetic — a man who never had an enemy. He married 


Abigail T. Gorham, daughter of Edward. She died early, and he 
soon after died in foreign lands ; but his body lies entombed beside 
that of his wife. He left no issue, and having no near relatives, he 
devised his estate to the Fraternal Lodge, of which he was an 
active member. 

(23) Thomas Crocker, son of Dea. Job Crocker, born 19th 
Jan. 1674, married '23d Dec. 1701, Elizabeth Lothrop, widow of 
"John Lothrop, son of Barnabas Lothrop, Esq." She was the 
eldest child of James, son of James G-reen of Charlestown, and 
was born Nov. 14, 1662, and was twelve years older than her 
second husband, and five older than her first. She died in Hing- 
ham Aug. 1, 1752, aged 89. By her first husband she had a son 
and a daughter. The latter died earlj', and the son at 20. Mr. 
Thomas Crocker resided in the East Parish, and is styled in the 
records "a dealer." He died in 1718, insolvent. His indebted- 
ness was large, and his creditors received from his estate 2 
shillings in the pound, per cent. His children born in Barnstable 
were : 

91. I. Walley, 30th Julv, 1703, died 2d Oct. 1703-. 

92. 11. Thomas, 26th Aug. 1704. 

93. III. Walley, 26th June 1706. 

His son Thomas married 1, Mehitable, daughter of Joseph 
Dimmock, 1727. She died March 13, 1728-9, and he married 2d, 
Oct. 20, 1730, Rebecca, daughter of Benjamin Hamblin. Mr. 
Thomas Crocker died Dec. 5, 1756, aged 51, and his wife May 9, 
1756, aged 46. He resided in the easterly part of the West 
Parish. His children were : 1, Walley, born Feb. 28, 1727-8 died 
Aug. 23, following; 2, Elizabeth, born 5th Dec. 1731 ; 3, Sarah, 
born 26th Feb. 1733-4; 4, Rebecca, 30th Nov. 1735; 5, Hope, 
March 1738 ; 6, Thomas, 23d Jan. 1740 ; 7, Esther, 28th Aug. 
1743; 8, Barnabas, 26th Oct. 1746; 9, Huckins, 15th March, 
1748 ; 10, Mary, 31st Aug. 1753. Elizabeth of this family 
married, in 1757, George Conant, and died Sept. 17, 1759 ; Sarah, 
married. May 19, 1757, Joseph Blish, Jr. ; Rebecca married Oct. 
25, 1757, Lemuel Nye, Jr., of Sandwich; Barnabas married at 
19, March 24, 1765, Ann Smith ; Mary died unmarried. 

Walley Crocker, son of Thomas, married, Oct. 22, 1730, 
Abigail, daughter of John Annable. He had born in Barnstable : 
1, Abigail, Nov. 2, 1731; 2, Temperance, Dec. 18, 1733; 3, 
Walley, April 18, 1737. Temperance married April 5, 1759, 
Daniel Carpenter. 

(25) Dea. John Crocker, son of Dea. Job, born 24, 1683, 
married 11th Nov. 1704, Hannah. She died 10th Oct. 1720, and 
he married 2d, 22d June, 1721, Mary Hinckley, living in 1731. 
It appears that he married a third wife Nancy, her grave stones 
record her death July 27, 1744, aged 56. Dea. John Crocker 
died Feb. 7, 1773, .aged 89 years and 11 months, (grave stones). 


He resided on the westerly part of his father's farm, and was 
many years a deacon of the West Church. His children born in 
Barnstable were : 

94. I. Abigail, born oth Oct. 1705, married Oct. 28, 1731, 
George Howland. She joined the West Church in 1728, 
and after marrige was dismissed to Deerfield. 

95. 11. Zaccheus, Aug. 1, 1707, married 1734, Elizabeth Reals 
of Hiugham. His children were, Joshua, born Aug. 6, 
1735 ; Zaccheus Dec. 1737 ; Sylvanus, baptized Feb. 19, 
1739, and Hannah born June 21, 1743. 

96. in. John, 27 July 1710; died 30th May, 1711. 

97. IV. Ebenezer, Nov. 1, 1713, married July 26, 1739, 
Elizabeth Lovell, Jr., and had James Feb. 19, 1739-40; 2, 
Mary, Nov. 7, 1744. He married in 1746, Zerviah, daugh- 
ter of Kenelm Winslow, Esq., of Harwich, and had 3, 

\ Alvan Friday, 6th Nov. 1747 ; 4, Ashsah Monday, 24th 

July, 1749 ; 5, Ebenezer Thursday, 26th July, 1753, died 

Feb. 17, 1817; 6, Zerviah Wednesday, 17th July 1751 ; 7, 

Joshua Friday, 4th July 1755; 8, Kenelm Sunday, 14th 

Aug. 1757; 9, George Monday 18th Feb. 1760; 10, Zenas 

Friday, 25th Dec. 1761 ; 11, Heman, April 14, 1764. 

There were four Ebenezer Crockers. The 1st son of Josiali 

died in 1723 ; 2d, a son of Saumel, born 1719, removed to 

East Haddam 1751 ; 3, a son of Dea. John, born in 1713 ; 4, a 

son of Ebenezer, born 1723. Ebenezer, son of John, resided at 

Cotuit, and the house which he built there is still owned by his 


John, baptized Oct. 16, 1715. 

98. V. Elizabeth, baptized Aug. 10, 1718. 

99. VI. Jabez, 16th June, 1720, died 11th Dec. 1720. 

100. VII. John, 1st April, 1722. 

101. VIII. Job, 29th March, 1724. 

102. IX. Daniel, 1st March, 1725-6, married three wives, 1, 
Elizabeth Childs, May 19, 1748 ; 2, Phebe Winslow of Har- 
wich, 1755 ; and 3, Bathsheba Jenkins. His children were, 
1, Job, born May 6, 1749, removed to Western New York, 
and has descendants; 2, Winslow, Dec. 31, 1755, resided 

at West Barnstable, married Blush, had a family. 

Edward W. Crocker of Yarmouth, is of this family ; 3, 
Elizabeth, March 14, 1770, she married, 1, Heman Crocker. 
Her son, Oliver Crocker, Esq., of New Bedford is now 
living, and 2, Elisha Euggles, of Rochester ; 4, Daniel, 
March 8, 1762, married Sally Sturgis, and had a family ; 5, 
Mary, July 11, 1767, married James Davis; 6, Abigail, 
Nov. 6, 1769, married Ebenezer Bacon, Esq. ; 7, Joseph, 
Jan. 27, 1771, married Joanna Bacon, and had Walter, 
James, and others now living; 8, Prince, Sept. 6, 1772, 


married Martha Nye, and has descendants living. Joseph 
and Prince owned and occupied the ancient Crocker house, 
and both lived to extreme old age. 9, Temperance, born 
July 28, 1776, married Ezra Crocker; 10, David, Feb. 21, 
1779, married Rachell Bacon, and his sons Eben, Frederick 
and Henry, and daughter Caroline, are now living; 11, 
Josiah, Aug. 24, 1781, died unmarried at New Orleans. 
103-. X. Timothy, Aug. 23, 1728. 

104. XI. Jonathan, born Nov. 22, 1731, mawied May 2, 1754, 
Sarah Childs. He died of the small pox Dec. 4, 1796, and 
his wife Sarah of the same disease Dec. 16, 1796. He was 
the iirst buried in the Crocker burying ground. He has 
descendants living. 

(30) David Crocker, Esq., youngest son of Dea. Job 
Crocker, born 5th Nov. 1697, graduate of Harvard College 1716, 
resided on the John Crocker farm at West Barnstable. He was 
many years town Clerk, transcribed the ancient town records, now 
lost. The records of the births of the Crockers he arranged 
genealogically. He was many years one of the board of select- 
men, and in 1742 a justice of the Court of Common Pleas. He 
died in 1764, aged 67 years. He married 12th Nov. 1724, 
Abigail, daughter of Mr. David Loring, and Jan. 27, 1757, Mrs. 
Mary Stuart. His children were : 

105. I. A son, born Jan. 9, 1725, died Feb. 19, 1725. 

106. n. David, April 14, 1726, died June 28, 1734. 

107. III. Abigail, May 20, 1728, married Jan. 10, 1754, Seth 

108. IV. William, Dec. 8, 1730 (called Jr.) He resided in the 
house which was his father's. He belonged to the East 
Parish, and was a member of the East Church. He married 
twice, 1st in 1753 Lydia Knowles of Eastham. She died 
April 16, 1764, and he married 2d, Sept. 30, 1764, Mary 
Cobb, Jr. He died May 3, 1819, in his 89th year, and she 
died May 20, 1817, aged 85; His children born in Barn- 
stable were: 1, Abigail, March 15,1754; 2, David, Aug. 
23, 1755 ; 3, Temperance, Jan. 2, 1763 ; 4, Sarah, June 26, 
1765; 5, Mary, Nov. 2, 1766; 6, William, Nov. 19, 1768: 
7, Matthias, July 26, 1770 ; 8, Ebenezer, baptized July 26, 
1772 ; 9, Loring, born March 18, 1774. Of this family, 
William resided in his father's estate, and died June 24, 
1844, and his brother, Dea. Ebenezer, a tanner, did also in 
the first part of his life. He removed to the West, where 
he died a few years since. Matthias was a hatter and 
resided in Boston. Loring was largely engaged in the salt 
manufacture at the common field, and died March 21, 1841. 
His son Loring now owns his manufactories. 

109. V. Alice, born April 18, 1757, baptized July 30th, 1758, 


and in the church records called the daughter of "Squire 
David and Marv Crocker." 

110. VI. Hannah, Sept. 24, Wednesday [1759.J 

111. VII. Sarah, Oct. 24, Tuesday, [1761.] 

112. VIII. Lydia, Feb. 28, [1762] died Sept. 24, 1763. 

(32) Thomas Crocker, son of Josiah, born 28th May, 
1671, married 25th March, 1696, Hannah, [Green] of Boston. 
He died April, 17^8, in the 67th year of his age, and is buried at 
West Barnstable. He resided in the ancient stone house, as be- 
fore stated. In his will he makes provision for the education of 
his son Joseph at College. His wife, Hannah Crocker, died Jan. 
23d, 1728-9 in the 53d year of her age. Their children born in 
Barnstable were : 

113. I. Tabitha, Dec. 20th, 1698. 

114. II. Josiah, 21st, April 1701, died Feb. 23d, 1728-9. 

115. III. Seth, 13th June, 1708, He resided at West Barn- 
stable on the estate which was his father's. He married 
three wives, 1, Joanna Leavet, April, 16th, 1730. She 
died Aug. 4th, 1732, aged 20. 2d, Temperance Thacher of 
Yarmouth, June 1st, 1734. She died j;uly 11th, 1736, aged 
24. 3d, Abigail, daughter of Joseph Blush, 1742. He 
died March 25th, 1770, in the 62d year of his age, and is 
buried with his wives in the West Barnstable grave yard. 
By his first wife he had a daughter Hannah, born July 18th, 
1732, baptized July 23d, 1732. This child was of feeble 
mind. By his second wife he had Thomas, born June 8th, 
1735. He married in 1756, Mercy Hamblen, and about the 
year 1781 removed to Lee, Mass. He had a large estate, 
and has numerous descendants. There have been some re- 
markable instances of longevity in this family. 

116. IV. Hannah, born 8th May, 1711, married July 25th, 
1744, Jabez Robinson of Falmouth? 

117. V. Thankful. 

118. VI, Joseph, born 1715, graduated at Harvard College, 
1734. He was ordained Sept. 12, 1739, pastor of the 
chm'ch and society in Sopth Eastham, now Orleans. He 
died March 2d, 1772. He married twice, had Josiah, a 
graduate of Harvard College, 1760 ; Lucia, who married 
Ilev. Simeon William of Weymouth ; and Ann, who married 
Rev. Wm. Shaw of Marshfieid. Of the family of Rev. 
Josiah Crocker, the Orleans records furnish little ir^orma- 
tion. His wife. Reliance, died in 1759, aged 44. He had 
six children who died in infancy between 1741 and 1757. 
His son Josia,li was born ^in Orleans iij 1740, graduated at 
Harvard College, ,in 1'('60, arid died in, Orleans Jan. 20, 
1764, aged 24. He had received a call to ijecbrrie pastor, of 
tiie second Cliiiroii in Yarmouth, (iibw lieriiiis) but his sick 


ness and death prevented his ordination. His father 
caused a glowing eulogium to be inscribed on the monument 
to his memorj in Orleans. 

The bev. Joseph Crocker was a Calvinist, a hard student, 
and a well read theologian. Wanting the graces of tlie 
orator, he never was a popular preacher. 
(38) Capt. Josiah Crocker,|Son of Josiah, born 8th Feb, 
1684, married Desire, daughter of Col. John Thacher of Yar- 
mouth, April 10, 1718. He was a sea captain, and while on a 
voyage to Nova Scotia, was betrayed out of his course by an 
Irishman who pretended to be a pilot. He and all his crew were 
sick at the time. He died on board his own vessel in St. Mary's 
harbor, Annapolis Rial, Oct. 10, 1721, and was buried at Port 
Royal, Oct. 14, 1721, aged 37. His widow, Mrs. Desire Crocker, 
died in Yarmouth, on the morning of the Sabbath, May 6, 1722, 
and is buried in the ancient burying ground in Yarmouth. 

He had two children born in Yarmouth. 
119. I. Josiah, born 30th Oct. 1719, graduate of Harvard 
College, 1738, and ordained May 19, 1742, pastor of the 
church in Taunton, He entered College at the early age of 
15, and was ordained at 23. He was of an ardent tempera- 
ment, zealous, earnest, yet tender and persuasive in his 
manner. Like other zealous men, he was not always cau- 
tious in his expressions. He had many warm friends, and 
some enemies. His call to the Taunton church was not 
unanimous, and there were always some who opposed him. 
He was dismissed from his pastoral charge Dec. 1, 1765, 
but continued to reside in Taunton till his death. He was 
the friend of Whitefield, and possessed some of the charac- 
teristics of that eminent divine. ' His earnest, persuasive 
manner, drew together a large audience when it was known 
that he was to preach. It is said that a women travelled 
from Plymouth on foot, carrying a child in her arms the 
whole distance. When the load seemed heavy, or the way 
long, she would comfort herself by crying out at the top of 
her voice, "Crocker's ahead, Crocker's ahead," [See Min- 
isters of Taunton.] He married twice. His first wife was 
Rebecca, daughter of James AUyn of Barnstable, whom he 
married July 28, 1742, She died Sept. 28, 1759. He mar- 
ried Nov. 5, 1761, Hanriah, daughter of Col. Thos. Cobb of 
Attieboi'ough. His children were : Josiah, Benjamin, AUyn, 
Joseph, William, Ebenezer, Rebecca, Leonard, born Oct. 2, 
1762, and Hahnab, Oct. 18, 176,5. He died Aug. 28, 1774, 
in the 55th, arid not the 53d year of his age, as inscribed on 
his tombstone. A similar mistake or two years occurs on 
the monument to the memory oi his first wife. Tbe Rev. 
Josiah fcrocicer iias iriany descendants in Taunton and other 


places. His grand-daughter, Hannah M. Crocker, was the 
author of "The Eights of Women," published in 1818. 

120. II. Desire, born 17th Dec. 1721. 

(39) Ebenezer, son of Josiah, born May 30, 1687, married 
May 22, 1715, Hannah Hall of Yarmouth. He died 18th March, 
1722-3, in the 36th year of his age. His children born in Barn- 
stable were : 

121. I. Mehitable, Sept. 16, 1716, married Nathan Crocker, 
Jr., Dec. 27, 1739. 

122. II. Hannah, Oct. 10, 1718, married Eben Childs, Jr., 
Jan. 15, 1747, died Feb. 23, 1755. 

123. III. Susannah, Oct. 20, 1720, mamed George Conant, 
Jan 30, 1755. 

124. IV. p:benezer, March 2, 1722-3. 

(43) Nathan, son of Eleazer, born 27th April, 1685, mar- 
ried, 10th March, 1708-9, Joannah Bursley. He was a farmer, 
and i-esided jn the old stone fort. His children were : 

125. I. Jabez, born 20th June, 1709. He married, July 6, 
1732, Deliverance Jones; Feb. 9, 1737-8, Mary Baker; and 
afterwards Eemember Fuller, and had six children : 1 , 
Anna, March 6, 173-, married Benj. Howland March 15, 
1763 ; 2, Deliverance, May 7, 1740 ; 3, Asa, Sept. 4, 1741, 
4, Ruth, Aug. 25, 1743 ; 5, Lot, baptized March 31, 1745 ; 
6, Mary, baptized June 21, 1747. Feb. 1750, Jabez 
Crocker sold his house and the lot containing two acres on 
which it stood, to his brothei- John Crocker, who was then 
called third. Charles Gray now owns the laud- It was 
then bounded, northerly by the high way, westerly by 
Dexter's lane, southerly by land of Cornelius Dexter, and 
easterly by land of Col Otis. In a mortgage deed, dated 
10th May, 1746, he names his brothers, Benoni, Nathan 
and John, and his cousin, John Crocker, Jr. 

126. II. Benoni, born 24th Feb. 1711-12, married, Feb. 19, 

1736, Abigail, daughter of John Bursley. He inherited the 
old stone fort in which he resided, and to which he made an 
addition. His childred were: 1, Lemuel, born March 1, 

1737, married Sarah Backus of Sandwich, 1763 ; 2, Barna- 
bas. (There is a blank in the record which I fill with the 
name of Barnabas. Benoni had a son of that name for 
whom he made the addition to his house.) 3, Abigail, 
born May 22d, 1745 ; 4, Abner, Aug. 18th, 1747. 

127. III. Nattian, born 7th March 1713-14, married Mehitable, 
daughter of Ebenezer Crocker, Dec. 27th, 1739, and had 
ten children: 1, Enoch, June 1st, 1741; 2, Susannah, 
April 9th, 1743 ; 3, Deborah, March 30th, 1745 ; 4, Aru- 
bah, Aug. 14th 1747; 5, Elijah, Feb. 11th, 1749; 6, 
Nathan, Aug. 10th 1753; 7, Jonathan, March 23d, 1756; 

qenkaLogioal notes oe SarnsTable families. 245 

8, Mehitable, June 8, 1768 ; 9, David, March 15th, 1761. 

128. IV. Isaac, born 6th May, 1719, married, Mafch 22d, 
1738-9, Elizabeth Fuller, and had 1, Ansel, Aug. 27th,- 
1739 ; 2, Rebecca, March 24th, 1740 ; 3, Thomas, Sept. 19th, 
1743; 4, Josiah, Oct. 14th, 1762 ; 5, Ansel, Jan. 22d, 
1767. The names of the two last are added by a late town 

129. V. John, 11th Jan. 1721-2. His father, in a deed to him, 
dated Oct. 12th, 1744, calls him 3d. He was in the ex" 
pedition to Cape Breton, and to distinguish him from the 
others of the same name, was called Cape Breton John. 

130. VI. Temperance, born Oct. 3d, 1724, married Joseph 
Annable, Dec. 31st, 1744. 

(52) William Crocker, son of Joseph, born 25th Aug. 
1679, married, by Justice Skiff of Sandwich, Nov. 1705, his 
cousin, Mary Crocker, daughter of Josiah. He died in 1741, 
in the 62d year of his age, his mother. Temperance, a daughter of 
the first John Bursley, was then living. In his will dated Feb. 
10th, 1740-1, proved July 8th, 1741, names his wife Mary his sons 
William and Joseph, to whom he gives his West Barnstable es- 
tate ; and Benjamin, to whom he devises his lands in Sandwich, 
and meadows at Scorton. He also named his daughters, Mercy 
Blush and Mary Beals, and his "Hon'd mother Temperance 
Crocker," who then retained the improvement of his estate. He 
had children born in Barnstable, namely : 

131. I. Mercy, 22d Sept. 1706, married Joseph Blush Oct. 
28th, 1730. 

132. II. A son, born 20th June, 1708, died July 4, 1708. 

133. III. A daughter, still born, Aug. 3, 1709. 

134. IV. William, born 9th Sept. 1710. He resided at West 
Barnstable, and married, in 1743, Hannah Baker, and had 
twelve children. He is called Mr. in the town records, then 
a token of respect, and his wife Mrs. Only four are named 
on the town records ; but the names of all are on the church 
records. 1, Marj' (called Mercy on the church records) 
born March 25, 1745 ; 2, William, Feb. 6, 1744, died young ; 
3, Martha, Nov. 28, 1748; 4, Temperance, Jan. 22, 1749; 
5, Hannah, baptized April 22, 1751 ; 6, Josiah, July 5, 
1752; 7, William again, Oct. 1753; 8, Alice, July 27, 
1755; 9, Mercy, Jan. 1, 1758; 10, Josiah, June 8, 1760; 
11, Ephraim, July, 26, 1761 ; 12, Calvin, May 1764. The 
latter was the late Capt. Calvin Crocker, who has descend- 
ants in Barnstable. 

135. V. Alice, born Sept. 1712, married Stephen Beals of 
Hingham, Sept. 16, 1736. (In the abstract of his father's 
will I have the name Mary, probably an error, should be 


136. VI. Mary, bom Aug. 12, 1714. 

137. VII. Joseph, bom Dec. 1718. 

138. VIII. Beajamin, March 20, 1720, married Bathsheba Hall 
of Yarmouth, April 1747. See 85.* 

(53) Timothy, son of Joseph Crocker, born 30th April, 
1681, resided at West Barnstable. He was a merchant, an ensign 
in the militia, as his grave stone informs us, and a justice of the 
peace. He was married 27th Oct. 1709, by Rev. Jonathan 
Russell, to Mrs. Melatiah, daughter of his uncle Josiah Crocker. 
His children were : 

139. I. Jerusha, born 12th Dec. 1711. She married. May 19, 
1741, Mr. Elijah Deane of Raynham. 

140. II. Melatiah, born 19th March 1714, married, March 21, 
1734, John Sturgis, Esq., of Barnstable. Her children 
were, Josiah, born Oct. 17, 1737, Melatiah, Oct. 11, 1739; 
Timothy Crocker, March 30, 1742 ; Lucretia, Oct. 14, 1743. 
The latter did not marry. She was a well educated and 
accomplished lady, resided in her grand-father Crocker's 
house, and taught a school many years. A large proportion 
of the aged at West Barnstable, are indebted to her for 
their early education. 

141. III. Bathsheba, born 2d April, 1717, married Sept. 6, 
1738, Rev. Samuel Tobey of Berkley. He was born in 
Sandwich in 1715, a graduate of Harvard College, 1733, 
ordained Nov. 23, 1737. He had twelve children. 

142. IV. Abigail, bom April 2, 1721, married Sept. 2, 1740, 
Rev. Rowland Thacher, pastor of the church at Wareham. 
He graduated at Harvard College in 1733. 

143. V. Martha, born 26th Dec. 1724, married, Feb. 2, 1744-5, 
Capt. William Davis, of Barnstable. She died Jan. 5, 
1773, aged 48. Mrs. Andrews Hallett of Yarmouth, has 
some fine specimens of worsted work embroidered by her 
grand-mother Davis. 

The dwelling house of Timothy Crocker, Esq., stood near 
where Seth Parker's store now stands. It was large, two stories 
high, and most substantially built. The style was that of the 
wealthy among the first settlers. It fronted to the east, the gable 
being towards the road, aud was probably built as early as 1660. 
Who was the first owner I have been unable to ascertain. In 
1686, when the road, was laid out, it appears to have been owned 
and occcupied by Increase Clap ; but I doubt whether he was the 
first owner. In 1649 Mr. Thomas Daxter resided in that neigh- 

*In 1747 there were four Beniamin Crockers, 1, Benjamin, son of Josiah, bom in 1692, 
removed to Ipswieh; 2, Benjamin, son of Josepli born in 1696; 3, Benjamin, son of Samuel, 
born 1711; 4, Benjamin, son ol William, bor.i 1720. The Benjamin, who married in 1747, 
Bethsheba Hall, is called Jr., and I inferi'ed from the fact, that there was then an older 
man of the same name in to^vn, that the one numbered 85, X, was the person intended. I 
am now inclined to think that 138, III, was the person intended. An investigation of the 
wills, which I have not the time to do, will settle the question. 


borhood, and owned the land bordering on Dexter's Lane ; but 
whether his land extended so far east, I have no means of 
ascertaining. The Rowley's who removed to Falmouth about the 
year 1661, owned land in the vicinity. Dea. William Crocker 
owned the land on the east at the settlement of the town, and it 
was afterwards owned by his son John. The exact bounds of this 
land it would perhaps be now difficult to ascertain. 

This ancient mansion, while owned by Timothy Crocker, 
Esq., was kept in good repair, and elegantly fuinished. His 
family ranked among the aristocracy of those daj's. His 
daughters were well educated and accomplished ladies, and his 
house was the resort of the learned and the fashionable. The 
husbands of all the daughters, excepting Martha, were men who 
had been liberally educated. Martha had many suitors, and some 
of the tea-table talk of those days is reported by her grand- 
children. She might have married one who was afterwards one of 
the most distinguished and influential citizens of Barnstable. 

Timothy Crocker, Esq., died Jan. 31, 1737, in the 57th year 
of his age, and is buried in the West Barnstable grave yard. I 
do not find the record of the death of his wife. She died a short 
time previous to her husband. His will was made four days 
previous to his "decease. He gave £10 to Rev. Jonathan Russell, 
£10 to Mr. Joseph Crocker, Jr., and the same sum to the poor of 
the town. He divides his estate equally among his daughters, 
excepting to Jerusha, to whom he gave £10 over and above her 
share. Mr. John Bursley was executor. 

His estate was apprised at £6 607,7,2 in old tenor currency, 
equal to about $3,000 in silver money. The merchandise in his 
warehouse was apprised at £1,483,10; his homestead, including 
all his buildings and lands, at £1,020, equal to only $460 in silver. 
After the payment of his debts, there was only the real estate 
and £1,949,14 2 of the personal estate remaining, equal to about 
$300 in silver to each of the heirs. f 

In later times the north part of the house was owned by his 
grand-daughter, Lucretia Sturgis, the school mistress, a maiden 
lady who is kindly remembered by the aged at West Barnstable ; 
and the south pari? by Nathan Foster. 

Conclusion. — Here I rest ; not because my materials are ex- 
hausted, but because I am. Respecting the early families I have 
studied to be accurate, to the later families I have not given so 
much attention. Respecting the "Crocker Quarrels," as they are 
called on the records, I have endeavored to be impartial, and have 
softened many harsh expressions that I found in my notes, and 
have omitted some circumstances which perhaps others may think 

t The vei-y low prices at which the real estate and the furniture was apprised, indicates 
that a portion of the apprisal was in lawful money — that is, that the pound was equal to 
^3,33 in silver. His plate and silver was apprised at £73,10, his looking glass and p 'tures 
at £5,5, and his Indian girl at £5, about two dollars. If she was worth anything, it was a 
very low price to apprise her at. 


important. If I have fallen into errors, I shall be happy to 
make the corrections. The part which the Crockers played in the 
Revolution, was one not to be omitted. It could not be examined 
without noticing the parts which others acted in the drama. I do 
not justify the Crockers, yet I do not believe them to be the worst 
of men, neither do I believe that Col. Nathaniel Freeman was a 
man without fault. The facts will not justify either conclusion. 
Why, then, the attempt to shield their acts from criticism. When 
such attempts are made, most men think there is something wrong 
at the bottom. I may attempt, by and by, to do justice to the 
character of Col. Freeman as a man and patriot ; but not by 
drawing a veil over his faults. A very few among the Crockers 
and the Freemans object to certain portions of my article. I 
was aware when writing those portions, that I was treading 
on the scoria of a yet smouldering volcano, which a breath would 
fan into activity. I hear the distant rumblings of the approaching 
earthquake ; but do not yet fear that I shall be engulfed 


Extensive genealogies of the Claps have been printed. 
Many of this name came over and settled in Dorchester and 
vicinity. Two of the name were early in Barnstable ; but no 
descendants remain. Eleazer, a son of Dea. Thomas, of Wey- 
mouth and Scituate, was a soldier in King Phillip's war, and was 
slain at Rehobeth March 26, 1675. He had no family in 

Increase, resided at West Barnstable, married, Oct. 1675 
Elizabeth, Widow of Nathaniel Goodspeed, and daughter of John 
Bursley. His children born in Barnstable were: 1, John, Oct. 
1676 ; 2, Charitv, March, 1677 ; 3, Thomas, Jan. 1681, died Jan. 
1683 ; 4, Thomas, Dec. 1684. 

Increase Clap's house was on the south side of the road a 
little east of Dexter's lane. He purchased his estate probably of 
the Rowleys, when they removed to Falmouth, who were earlj' 
settlers in that neighborhood, and was a proprietor of the com- 
mon lands "in Rowley's right." He was living in 1697. Several 
of the Clap family of Scituate intermarried with the Bournes and 
Gorhams, of Barnstable. 


I do not find this name in the works of Savage, Bond, 
Mitchell, or Hinman. Peter Cammet was the first of the name 
in Barnstable. He married. May 4, 1741, Thankful Bodfish, ai:d 
had Hannah 26, 1742, and David Sept. 25, 1744. Hannah 
married, in 1765, John Bates, and those of the name in Barn- 
stable are, I think, descendants of David. 


Peter Cotelle was a Frenchman. He resided in the easterly 
part of the West Parish, ,in a small gambrel-roofed house, 
embowered in trees and shrubbery — an exquisite little place which 
he took pleasure in adorning. He was a tinker, shrewd in making 
a trade, and it is said that he would take advantage of his pre- 
sumed imperfect knowledge of English, to drive a hard bargain. 
He also kept a small grocery store. He has descendants. 


This is not a common name in Barnstable, or in any part of 
New England. John Cannon came over in the Fortune in 1621. 
He was not of Plymouth in 1627. Whither he i-emoved or went 
hence is unknown. There was a Robert Cannon of New London, 
in 1678, and one of the same name in Essex County in 1680, 
wliose wife's name was Sarah. Mr. Savage states that there was 
one of the name in Sandwich as early as 1650. Capt. John 
Cannon was of Norwalk, Conn., 1750. 

The earliest record of the name in Barnstable is April 12, 
1691, where Joanna Cannon joined the church. On the following 
Sabbath her children, John, Philip, Timothy, Nathan, and Eliza- 
beth, were baptized. Of these, Timothy is again named on the 
records. He married, Nov. 9, 1711, Elizabeth, widow of Isaac 


Hamblen. The names of his children are not on the Barnstable 
records. Ebenezer was probably his son, and Joanna, who married, 
July 7, 1735, Benjamin Bursley, was probably a daughter. 

P^benezer Cannon married, in 1735, Mercy Blossom; July 
30, 1753, Patience Goodspeed. His children born in Barnstable 
were : 

I. Ebenezer, March 19, 1736-7, married, in 1761, Experience 
Tupper of Dartmouth.* 

II. Ruth, Jan. 18, 1738-9. 

III. Nathan, April 10, 1741, married, March 23, 1763, Thankful 

IV. Joanna, Sept. 4, 1743, married, Nov. 28, 1760, Bezalee 
Waste, of Dartmouth. 

V. Joseph, Dec. 14, 1745. 

VI. Timothy, baptized June 17, 1750. 

VII. Mercy, baptized June 30, 1754. 
VIII Ebenezer, baptized Jan. 30, 1756.* 

IX. Ira, baptized Oct. 12, 1740. 

X. Ziba, baptized Aug. 1762. 

* The Ebenezer who was published to Deliverance Tupper in 1761, is called Jr. ; the 
Ebenezer baptized June 30, 1756, is called son of Ebenezer and Patience. It is probable 
that there was jet another Ebenezer. 



Little is known of the early history of this most excellent 
man. It is probable that he came to Boston in 1632, with his 
friend, Mr. Hatherly, in the ship Charles, from London. In 
September 1634, he was a householder in Scituate, and a freeman 
of the colony of New Plymouth. His house was one of the nine 
first built in that town, and is described as a "small, plaine, 
palizadoe house." This he sold to Goodman Ensign, and in 1636 
built on his lot near the bridge at the harbor. 

Mr. Cudworth and his wife joined Mr. Lothrop's church Jan. 
18, 1634-5, and till the meeting-house was completed, in November 
1636, the congregation frequently met on the Sabbath, and on 
other special occasions, to worship in his "small, plaine, palizadoe 

In 1636 he was a member of the Committee appointed by the 
Court, to revise the Colonial laws ; in 1637 he was constable of 
Scituate; and .Jan. 22, 1638-9, one of the grantees of the lands 
in Sippican, where Mr. Lothrop and a portion of his church then 
proposed to remove. In 1640* he removed to Barnstable, and 
was elected that year a deputy to the Colony Court. In the list 
of Deputies at the June term his name is underscored, and that 
of jMr. Thomas Dimmock written against it. In a subsequent 
entry in the same record it is stated that Mr. Cudworth was then 
an inhabitant of Scituate, and if so, was not eligible as a member 
from Barnstable, and therefore Mr. Dimmock was elected in his 
place. It is probable that Mr. Cudworth came to Barubtable 
in the Spring of 1640 ; but did not become a permanent resident 

*Mr. Freeman says he came to Barnstable in 1639 ; Mr. Deane says in 1642. The latter 
is certainly wrong, and after a careful examination of the records, I find no positive evi- 
dence that Mr. Freeman is in the right. He certainly did not come in May, 1639, with 
Messrs. Hull and Dimmock, and I find no evidence tliat he came in the following October 
with Mr. Lothrop. Some difference ^ about this time, had arisen between him and his 
friend Hatherly, and in the entry on the court orders, June 2, 1640, it is distinctly stated 
that he was then of Scituate, therefore could not have been of Barnstable at that date, 
though he was considered one of the proprietors. 


till the autumn of that year. 

Mr. Cudworth's name appears only once on the records of 
the town of Barnstable now preserved. It occurs on the list of 
townsmen and proprietors dated Jan. 1643-4, and its position 
thereon, indicates that he resided in the vicinity of Coggin's 
Pond. In the church records he is named as of Barnstable 
April 18, 1641, March 28, 1642, and June 24, 1644. He 
conveyed, by deed, his second house and lot in Scituate, to 
Thomas Ensign, June 8, 1642. In that deed he is styled "gentle- 
man of Barnstable," Jan. 4, 1641-2, he is called an inhabitant of 
I Barnstable, though at that date he was absent from town. In 
1642, Mr. Cudworth was again elected a deputy to the June court 
from Barnstable, and his name was again underscored, and Mr. 
Thomas Dimmocli's written against it. The fact that Barnstable 
was entitled to only two deputies at thfe June terms in 1640 and 
in 1642, and that Anthony Annable and Mr. Dimmock served at 
those terms, seems to make it certain that Mr. Cudworth was 
sick, or absent from the town at the terms named. In Aug. 1643, 
a return was made of all in the colony "able to bear arms." JMr. 
Cudworth's name appears on the return from Barnstable, and on 
that from Scituate. On the former it is crossed out, and retained 
on the latter. ^ 

These few isolated facts are all that the records furnish 
relative to Mr Cudworth's residence in Barnstable. The records 
of the laying out of the lands at the time of the settlement, being 
lost, nothing is known respecting his lands in Barnstable. By a 
municipal regulation, an inhabitant removing from town, was 
obliged to offer his lands to the other inhabitants, before he could 
legally sell to a stranger. In such cases a memorandum of the 
transfer was made on the proprietor's records now lost.t 

Mr. Hathway, in his deed to the Conihasset Partners, Dec. 
1, 1646, styles him a"salter," that is, one who makes or sells salt, 
and this fact, perhaps, explains the uncertainty of his place of 
residence from 1639 to 1646. He had a salt work at Scituate, 
which it does not appear that he sold on his removal to Barn- 
stable. This required his attention at certain seasons of the j'ear, 
and explains why he was so often absent from Barnstable. A 
salt work was erected in Barnstable very early, on the point of 
land on the west of the entrance of Rendevous Creek, still known 

t Thomas Bird, Byrd, or Bourd, was at this time a resident in Barnstable, and a ser- 
vant of Mr. Cudworth. His father, also named Thomas, was one of the earliest settlers in 
Scituate, and a freeman in 1633. There was a man of the same name at Hartford, and 
another iit Dorchester, one of whom was perhaps the same who was at Barnstable. As 
Thomas Bird resided only a short time in Barnstable, I have not taken the trouble to 
investigate his history. In a notice of the criminal calendar of Barnstable, nnder the title 
of Casely, I 'perhaps ought to have mentioned the crime of Bird. In Jan. 1641-2, for 
running away irom his master and breaking into one or more houses in Barnstable, and 
stealing therefrom "apparel and victuals," he was sentenced to be whipt, once in Barn- 
stable and once in Plymouth. His father settled with iv^r Cudworth for the tijne Thomas 
had to serve, and the young man was released from the messenger's hands, though not 
absolved from the punishment of his crimes. He afterwards resided in Scituate. 


as Saltern point. This word, Saltern, has now become nearly 
obsolete. It means a salt work, a building in which salt is made 
by boiling or solar evaporation. On some ancient records that 
point is called "salt-pond" point. Who owned or who established 
this ancient saltern I have been unable to ascertain. It was 
situated on the Lothrop land, on a parcel that from the situation, 
I should judge was owned by the Rev. John, and afterwards by 
his widow Ann. Neither in the wills nor in the settlement of the 
estates of the Lothrops is any reference had to the salt-work, and 
I am of the opinion, if the facts in relation to the matter are ever 
ascertained, they will prove that G-en. James Cudworth was the 
first who manufactured salt in Barnstable. | 

Before 1646 he returned to Scituate, and became, Dec. 1, 
1646, one of the Conihasset Partners. At that time he resided 
on the South East of Coleman's hills, in a house which he sold to 
Thomas Kobinson before 1650. After this, he resided, during 
life, on his farm near the little Musquashcut pond in Scituate. 

In 1652 he was appointed captain of the militia company in 
Scituate ; in 1649-'50-'51-'52-'53-'54-'55 and '56, a representative to 
the Court ; June 3, 1656, he was chosen an assistant of the 
Governor, and re-elected in 1657 and 1658. In 1653 he was 
chosen one of the council of war; March 2, 1657-8 he was dis- 
charged, with his own consent, from his office as Captain of the 
militia company, and in 1659, for the same reason, he was not 
approved of by the Court as a deputy from Scituate, to which 
office he had been elected by the people. June 6, 1660, he was 
required to give bonds, with sufficient surities, for £500 for his 
appearance at the next October Court, and so from one General 
Court to another, till the next June, "in reference unto a seditious 
letter sent for England, the coppy whereof is come over in print." 
This letter was dated at Scituate in 1658, and was addressed by 
him to Mr. John Brown, then in England. It has been justly 
admired for its liberal and Catholic sentiments, clearly and boldly 

} In 1624 a man was sent over to establish salt works in Plymouth. Gov. Bradford says 
he was ignorant of the business, yain and self-willed. The facts indicate that the GoTcrnor 
was severe in his judgement. It was evident that, in the variable climate of New Englaud, 
that salt could not be manufactured by solar evaporation, in the mode common in the south 
of Spain, and in the West India Islands. On the other hand, the smaU proportion of salt 
contained in sea water would render the English process, by boiling in pans, be too tedious 
and too expensive. His plan seems to have been to reduce the sea water by 
solar evaporation in ponds and finis4i the process by boiling in pan's. In 
selecting the sites for his ponds he was unfortunate, whether, as Governor Brad- 
ford says, from a lack of good judgment, or for other reasons, does not appear. The 
ponds did not prove to be tight, and to correct the fault of the bottom and make it more 
retentive, he covered it with a coating of clay. Similar ponds are constructed by the salt 
makers at the present day, and errors in the selection of sites are not always to be avoided 
by men of good judgement. Before this man (his name is not given) had a fair opportunity 
to test the value of his works, his buildings and most of his pans there, were unfortunately 
. destroyed by flre. The little information preserved respecting the salt work in Barnstable, 
shows that the method was similar to that adopted by the Plymouth manufacturer. A pond 
was dug on the high meadow, and a dyke thrown up around it to retain the water, and 
prevent the ingress of more than was wanted. When the water was reduced to a weak 
brine by solar evaporation, it was conveyed to pans and the process completed by boiling 
There was a similar establishment at Pine Hill, Sandwich. 


For the expressions in another letter, addressed by him to the 
Governor and assistants, he was sentenced at the same court to be 

At the Court held Oct. 2, 1660, the printed letter of Mr. 
Cudworth was read, and Mr. John Brown, who was present, testi- 
fied that he did receive a letter subscribed by James Cudworth, 
of Scituate, and that, according to his best recollection, it was 
substantially the same as the one then read. The bonds for £500, 
of Mr. Cudworth, were cancelled, and the Court ordered that a 
civil action should be commenced against him at the next follow- 
ing March term of the Court. When the day came, no action was 
brought. The absurdity of men sitting as judges, in a case where 
they themselves were the plaintiffs, was too glaring, and they 
wisely determined to drop the action. 

The firmness displayed by Gen. Cudworth, in these trying 
times, will ever be a monument to his memory, more endearing 
than brass or granite. Rather, than violate his convictions of 
right and of duty, he submitted to disfranchisement, ejection from 
office, and to be placed under a bond for a larger sum than the 
whole colony could have'paid in coin. He did not come over in 
the Mayflower ; but he had adopted as his own, the principles of 
those who did, and no earthly power could make him swerve from 
them. Some speak lightly of those principles ; but it is igno- 
rance of their character which makes them do so. 

The Pilgrims came over with their bibles in their hands, and 
in their hearts ; that holy book was the only creed, to which mem- 
bers of their church were required to give their assent. They 
held that Christ was the only bishop to whom they owned allegi- 
ance, and that the gorgeous vestments of the priests of the 
Catholic and English churches, and the ceremonial observances 
required, were anti-Christian, and not in conformity with the 
usages of the Apostolic age. They came here that they might 
have liberty to worship God according to the dictates of their own 
consciences, to establish a pure and simple form of worship for 
themselves and their posterity. They held that the conscience 
was free, that man was not responsible to his fellow man for his 
faith, but to God alone. 

These principles lie at the bottom of all that is tolerant in 
religion, liberal in politics, or worth contending for. The Pil- 
grims took another step in advance of the prevalent opinions of 
their time. When about to embark from Leyden, their reverend 
pastor, in his farewell address, says : "I charge you before God 
and his blessed angels, that you follow me no further than you 
have seen me follow the Lord Jesus Christ. The Lord has more 
truth yet to break forth out of his holy word. I cannot suffi- 
ciently bewail the condition of the reformed churches, who are 
come to a period in religion, and will go at present no further than 
the instruments of their reformation, Luther and Calvin were 


great and shining lights in their times, yet they penetrated not 
into the whole counsel of God. I beseech you, remember it, 'tis 
an article of your church covenant, that you be ready to receive 
whatever truth shall be made known to vou from the written word 
of God." 

This was not spoken for rhetorical effect, it was a sober truth, 
a solemn injunction, not to forget, or transgress a prime article in 
their church covenant. The covenant of the Puritan Church 
established in London in 1616, of which Mr. Lothrop was after- 
wards pastor, was the same in form. The members of that 
church, with joined hands, "solemnly covenanted with each other, 
in the presence of Almighty God, to walk together in all Gods 
ways and ordinances, according as he had always revealed, or 
should further make known to them." This covenant Mr. Lothrop 
brought over with him, and on the 8th day of Jan. 1634, O. S. 
(Jan. 18, 1635, N. S.) at Scituate, after spending the day in 
fastmg, humiliation and prayer, at evening, there was re-union of 
those who had been in covenant before. Mr. Cudworth united 
with the church ten days after, and from the expression used in 
the record, I infer that he had not been a member of Mr. Loth- 
rop's church in London. 

Till 1657, the Plymouth Colony had maintained the principles 
of its founders ; but during the preceding twenty-six years, causes 
had been in operation which had gradually disturbed the harmony 
of sentiment which had at lirst prevailed. Rhode Island, influ- 
enced by the liberal and intelligent counsels of Roger Williams, 
had become the impregnable citadel of toleration in New England. 
Massachusetts and Connecticut were founded by men who brought 
over with them the same spirit of intolerance, which then pre- 
vailed in the mother country. They enacted severe laws against 
the Anna baptists, and more severe against the quakers. 
Through the commissioners of the United Colonies, they urged 
the magistrates of Plymouth to pass similar laws. 

The "first comers" had, among their number, a large propor- 
tion of educated men. There were very few who had not received 
the elements of a good education. They were men of large 
experience, intelligent, tolerant in religion, and liberal in their 
politics. These men were the advocates of a learned ministry, 
and desirous of establishing schools and seminaries of learning. 
In 1657, many of these men bad passed away. Brewster and 
Lothrop, the calm yet firm advocates of toleration and liberty, 
were dead. A new race had succeeded — men who had enjoyed 
few educational advantages, and who, in their ignorance of better 
things, had imbibed intolerant, and illiberal principles. 

During this period many new men had been introduced into 
the colony, some from Massachusetts, but mostly from the eastern 
country. Among these were many who had no sympathy for the 


institutions established by the Puritans. There was also another 
class — disappointed politicians — like George Barlow of Sandwich, 
of which I have had occasion to speak in no complimentary 

The effect on the churches was disastrous. The Barnstable 
Church was rent in twain, and the difficulties did not end till the 
settlement of Mr. Walley in 1662. There were divisions in the 
old Plymouth Church, in fact in almost every church in the 

A large majority of those known as first comers, then sur- 
viving, sympathized with Mr. Cudworth. Seituate was very 
nearly unanimous in his support, so were a large majoi-ity in Sand- 
wich and in Barnstable. Of the state of feeling in other towns 
at that period, I have no means of correctly ascertaining. 

Such was the state of public feeling in the colony in the sum- 
mer of 1657 ; yet such was the reverence of the people for the 
institutions first established, that the magistrates and representa- 
tives hesitated in passing the laws recommended by the commis- 
sioners. They simply ordained, says Mr. Cudworth, that the 
word "and" in an old law, should be changed to "or." This 
apparently small and unimportant alteration changed, as will be 
seen, a salutary or harmless law, into an instrument of tyranny. 

This change would have been inoperative if there had not 
been men in the colony in whom the spirit of persecution only 
slumberedj who were ready to catch at every straw and urge the 
people on to acts of madness. Of this class was George Barlow 
of Sandwich, and as he was the type of the class, some account 
of him will not be out of place, in order to show what kind of 
men Cudworth, Hatherly and Robinson, had to contend with. 

The four years from 1657 to 1661, have been called the dark 
ages of the colony. It is unpleasant to recount the events of 
those years — to be forced to admit that such excellent men as 
Thomas Hinckley, Josiah Winslow, Thomas Prence, John Alden, 
and others, adjured, for the time being, the liberal principles of 
civil polity which the fathers professed, and were led astray by a 
senseless clamour from without, and by factious and ambitious 
men within. That they unwillingly consented to enact laws 
restraining political and religious freedom is evident, from the 
statements in the letter of Mr. Cudworth to Mr. Brown ; and that 
they lived to regret their hasty and inconsiderate action, is verified 
by their subsequent acts ; but that unwillingness, and that regret 
does not blot from the memory, or from the statute book, the 
unjust laws which they sanctioned and enforced. The precedents 
established in Massachusetts and Connecticut are no excuse, they 
and their associates were the rulers of a free and independent 


colony and were amenable at the bar of public opinion for their 

The Puritans have suffered more from over zealous friends, 
than from open and avowed enemies. A community is an aggre- 
gation of individuals — one rule of act applies to both, and he 
that attempts to conceal or paliate wrong, does an injury to him 
whom he thus essays to defend. The Plymouth Colony existed 
seventy-one years. During sixty-seven, with the exception of a 
short period during the usurpation of Andros, the people enjoyed 
a mild, a liberal, and a paternal government. Shall we cease to 
honor the institutions they established because, during four 
years, a bigoted majority were false to the principles of the 
fathers ? 

George Barlow was the type of a class who, in 1657, inaug- 
urated a system of terrorism in the Old Colony, and it may be 
truthfully said that he made more converts to the doctrines of the 
Quakers than all their preachers. The spirit of persecution which 
he was largely instrumental in introducing, raised up opponents 
who at first sympathized with the sufferers then with their doc- 
trines which they at last embraced. In the towns where the 
Quaker preachers were not opposed and persecuted, they made 
no proselytes, but where they were persecuted, there they made 
many converts. 

In a former article I have spoken of George Barlow, not In 
terms of commendation. The Puritans and Quakers, though 
opposed to each other, agreed in this, that George Barlow was a 
bad man. No one speaks well of him. Of his early history I 
know nothing. He was of Boston or vicinity in 1637, perhaps 
earlier. In the records of the Quarter Court held at Boston and 
Newtown 19th Sept. 1637, is the following entry: "George 
Barlow, for idleness, is censured to be whipped." From Boston 
he went to the eastern country, and was at Exeter in 1639, and 
at Saco in 1652. . At these places and elsewhere, says Mr. 
Savage, he exercised his gifts as a pi-eacher. On the 5th of July, 
1653, at a court held at Wells, by Richard Bellingham and others, 
commissioners of the Massachusetts Colony, George Badow and 
fifteen others, inhabitants of Saco, acknowledged themselves to be 
subject to the government of that Colony, and took the freemans' 

* He that supposes that Gov. Hinckley, and those who acted with him, had neither law 
nor reason on their side, is mistaken. They had both. The lands in the several towns 
were granted on the express condition that an Orthodox church should he gathered, of at 
least forty families, and that a learned minister should be supported out of the products ol 
those lands. These were legal conditions, and the grantees were bound by them. Gov. 
Hinckley was the best read lawyer in the Colony, and he examined the question only in its 
legal aspect. On that ground he was right. Whether his course was judicious is another 
and entirely different question. The Puritans were equally severe against men who 
attempted to disregard the conditions on which the lauds were gi-anted. Rev. Joseph Hull, 
whose learning and Orthodoxy, for making such an attempt, was excommunicated and 
forbidden to preach. Mr. Cudworth considered the rights of conscience as paramount to 
the legal obligation. Gov. Hinckley thought otherwise, and that was the point at issue 
between them. 


oath in open court. In the record of the proceedings of the 
same court the following passage occurs : 

"vSeveral of the inhabitants complained, that George Barlow 
is a disturbance to the place, the commissioners thought meet to 
forbid the said George Barlow any more publickly to preach or 
prophesy, under the penalty of ten pounds for every offence." 

Soon after the last date he removed to Newbury. Of his 
character while an inhabitant of that town, Mr. Thomas Clark 
affirmed in open court, at Plymouth, on the 13th of June 1660, 
"that he is such an one that he is a shame and reproach to all his 
masters ; and that he, the said Barlow, stands convicted and 
recorded of a lye att Newbury." 

In 1657 he was of Sandwich, and June 1, 1658, he was 
appointed by the Plymouth Colony Court, marshal of Sandwich, 
Barnstable and Yarmouth, with "full power to act as constable in 
all things in the town of Sandwich." Oct. 2, he- was commis- 
sioned to apprehend Quakers coming to Manomett, or places 
adjacent, in boats. June 7, 1659, he was allowed to be a tows- 
man of Sandwich, and June 5, 1661, his authority, as marshal, 
was extended to all places in the Colony. 

March 5, 1660-1. The court ordered George Bai-low "to 
pay a fine of twenty shillings to Benjamin Allen, for causing him 
to sit in the stocks at Sandwich the greater part of a night, 
without cause, and for other wrongs done by him unto the said 
Allen." Barlow was also ordered to return unto Ralph Allen a 
shirt and some other small linen, which he took from him, in the 
pursuit of Wenlock." 

March 4, 1661-2. "George Barlow and his wife were both 
severely reproved for their most ungodly living in contention, one 
with the other, and admimished to live otherwise." (See Colony 
Records, Vol. 4, pages 7 and 10.) In May, 1665, he was put 
under bonds for his good behavior, and in the following March he 
was fined 10 shillings for being drunk a second time. 

The foregoing extracts are from the records of the friends of 
Barlow, and it is safe to infer that they did not admit that which 
was not true. This evidence establishes the following points : 
That he was an idle fellow, a disturber of the public peace ; that 
he was a shame and reproach to all his masters ; that he was not 
truthful ; that he was tyrannical, that he was quarrelsome, and 
that he was a drunkard. In addition to the testimony of Gov. 
Thomas Prence may be added, it is reported that he made this 
remark respecting Barlow, ' 'That an honest man would not have, 
or hardly would take his place." (Bishop, page 388.) 

The following testimony is extracted from the writings of the 
Quakers. I quote from Bishop's New England Judged, (London 
Edition) because he is more accurate in his statement of facts 
than many of the early writers among the friends. In the fea- 


tures of these men the poet Whittier says you could read : 
"My life is hunted — evil men 
Are following in my track ; 
The traces of the torturer's whip 
Are on my aged back." 

Naturally, however meek a man maybe, it is hardly to be 
expected that a man having the traces of the whip on his own 
person, can describe so calmly as one who had not suffered. 
Bishop, Vol. 1, page 389, says :" "As for this Barlow, his natural 
inclination is to be lazy, filthy and base to all. In his former 
years, he was one of the Protectors Preachers at Exeter, in New 
England and elsewhere ; of which being weary, or having worn 
that trade out, or it having worn out him, he turned lawyer and 
so came into Plymouth Patent, where he became a notorious 
spoiler of the goods of the innocent by being a marshal." 

•June 23, 1658, Marshal Barlow arrested Christopher Holder 
and John Copeland,* two Quaker preachers, while on their way' to 
a meeting in Sandwich. They had been banished from the 
Colony on the 2d of the preceding February, and had been whipt 
at Plymouth on the 8th of that month for not complying with the 
order of the Courts. Barlow carried them before the selectmen 
of Sandwich, who had been appointed by the Court, in the 
absence of a magistrate, to witness the execution of the law. 
They "entertaining no desire to sanction measures so severe 
towards those who differed from them in religion, declined to act 
in the case." Barlow, disappointed at the refusal, took the 
prisoners to his house, where he kept them six days, and then on 
29th of June, carried them before Mr. Thomas Hincliley of 
Barnstable, who had that month been elected one of the magis- 
trates and an assistant of Gov. Prence. Bishop, page 184, thus 
describes the scene at the execution : "They, (Christopher Holden 
' and John Copeland) being tied to an old post, had thirty-three 
cruel stripes laid upon them with a new tormenting whip, with 
three cords, and knots at the ends, made by the Marshal, and 
brought witli him. At the sight of which cruel and bloody execu- 
tion, one of the spectators (for there were many who witnessed 
against it) cried out in the grief and anguish of her spirit, saying : 
"How long, Lord, shall it be ere thou avenge the blood of thine 
elect?" And afterwards bewailing herself, and lamenting her 
loss, said : "Did I forsake father and mother, and all my dear 

* Before 1654 ^Christopher Holder resided at Winterhounie, in Gloucestershire, Eng- 
land. He is represented to be a well educated man and of good estate. He came to New 
England in 1656 and again in 1657, and spent the winter of that year in the West Indies. He 
returned to England in 1660 and there married Mary, daughter of Richard and Katherine 
Scott, of Providence, K. I. He repeatedly visited America and other countries, and suf- 
fered much in his native country and in foreign Lands. He died July 13, 1688, aged about 
60. John Copeland was fi-om Yorkshire and had also been well educated. He came to 
America in 1657. In 1661 he was in London, and in 1687 he was in Virginia. He married 
thrice, and died at North Cave, County of York, March 9, 1718, veiy aged. Among the 
first settlers it is probable they found many whom they had known in England 


relations, to come to New England for this? Did I ever think 
New England would come to this? Who could have thought it?" 
And this Thomas Hinckley saw done, to whom the Marshal 
repaired for that purpose. f 

"The Friends of Sandwich, aware of the hatred which the 
Barnstable magistrate had to Quakerism, with a view to cheer their 
brethren in bonds, accompanied them thither. These were new 
proceedings at Barnstable, and caused no little sensation among 
the quiet settlers of tlie district. They felt that however 
erroneous Quakerism might be, such conduct on the part of their 
rulers did not consist with the religion of Jesus." (Bowden.) 

Bishop (pages 188 and 189) says that when Barlow went, in 
1659, to arrest Edward Perry, "he was so drunk that he could 
hardly forbear vomiting in the bosom of him whom he pretended 
to press" as his aid. A friend of Perry who was present said to 
him, "Yea, George, thou mayst wash thy hands, but thou canst 
not wash thy heart." He answered, still laughing and jeering, 
and said, "Yes, one dram of the bottle will do it," and clapped 
his hand on his bosom. Unto which kind of washing, it seems, 
he is used to much, viz : To be drunk, and then to be ftiad, and to 
beat his wife and children like a mad man ; and to throw the 
things of the house from one place to another." 

Many passages from the early writers to the same effect 
might be quoted. That he was honest there is much reason to 
doubt. Thomas P^wer charged him in open court with having on 
a garment made from cloth stolen from him. Barlow also 
encouraged and justified his children in stripping the fruits from 
the orchard of his neighbor Thomas Johnson. An Indian took a 
knife from an Englishman's house, and being told he should not 
steal, he answered, "I thought so, but Barlow steals from the 
Quakers, and why may not I do the same ?" 

■ It has already been stated that a majority of the Plymouth 
Colony Court had pronounced the letter of Mr. Cudworth to Mr. 
Brown to be seditious. The foregoing extracts clearly establish 
one point, and that is, his denunciations of Barlow are not 
seditious, without it can be proved that telling the truth is sedition. 
The other statements in his letter will also be verified by extracts 
from the records and contemporaneous authorities. 

George Barlow does not appear to have had a family when he 

t Mr. John Wliitney in Truth and Innocency defended. London edition, 1702, pa^e 26, 
describes the scene at Barn'itable sub'^tflntially as above; but his lan^uaee is wanting in 
cleamiess. Bowden does not refer to Wliitney ; "but lie was probably misled by the ambigu- 
ous language of that author. He represents that the residence of the magistrate was 
"about two miles distant." It should be twelve miles. This is probably a mistake of the 
printer. He adds, (page 116, London edition.) "This functionary, after a frivolous exam- 
ination of tjie prisoners, ordered them to be tied to the post of an out-house ; and then, 
tuniing executioner, he gave each of them thiritj'-three lashes." I should not notice this 
gross scandal if it had not been copied by other historians without comment. (See annals 
of Sandwich, pages 60 and 61.) No trustworthy authority can be quoted in its support — its 
falsity is apparent. Bowden is usually very cautious in his statements. He refers to 
Norton's Ensign as his authority; but he evidently relied on and was misled by the ambigu- 
ous lan^age of Whifciojf. 


came to Sandwich. He married Jane, widow of the lamented 
Anthony Besse. She had then a sou Nehemiah, ancestor of the 
Besses of Sandwich, Wareham, and other towns, and three 
daughters. By her second husband she had a son John, ancestor 
of some of the Barlows in Sandwich, &c. 

Details of his brutality as the master of a family, have 
already been given. Froni Mr. Besse's once "sweet home," 
peace, comfort, and happiness, were banished. Morning and 
evening prayer and praise had ascended from the family altar, 
now desecrated by impiety and drunken revelries. The little ones 
who had been brought up to be liiud and affectionate, one towards 
the other, were now rude and disobedient, and taught that it was 
no sin to steal from those who were not members of their 

Barlow made high pretension to piety, and became a member 
of the Sandwich church. He also claimed to have studied the 
law, and essayed to be a lawyer. By his pretended piety, and«by 
his plausible address, he at first deceived the unsuspecting Puri- 
tans, and *hey appointed him to a responsible office. This they 
did ignorantly, and no blame can attach to the court ; but he was 
continued in office, and his authority enlarged, after his true 
character was known. For this, it is difficult to frame a sufficient 

The worst of men usually have some redeeming traits of 
Character. Contemporaneous authorities say nothing in his favor. 
He was hated by every member of his family, wife, sons, daugh- 
ter, and daughters-in-law ; despised and avoided by his neighbors 
— a blot on the annals of the Old Colony which time will never 
wipe out. 

Barlow, in the latter part of his life, was never sober of his 
own free choice — as an officer he was unfeeling and tyrannical, 
and seemed to take pleasure in wringing the last penny from the 
hard hand of industry — in dragging men and women to the prison 
and the whipping post. His career was short. An outraged 
people hurled him from otHee, and in his old age he craved charity 
from those for whom he had shown no piety in the day of his 

The early writers furnish many details of his cruel acts. 1 
shall relate one, and prefer giving it as it has been preserved by 
tradition. J 

t Among the fli-st settlers in Sandwich was George Allen, a man of good standing 
a.mong the Puritans, notivithstanding he was an Ana baptist. The lioase which he built at 
Spring Hill in 1646, is now owned by Mrs. Eliza C. Wing, is in good repair, and will proba- 
bly last another century. He died in 16i3, leaving nine children mentioned in his will, four 
of whom are named, Matthew, Henry, Samuel and William, the other five least children 
not named. Brown says that six brothers and sisters of this family were among the earUest 
who embraced the principles of the Fi-iends. He says that Halph Allen was his son, and 
George, Jr., was probably another. The two last named must have been men grown when 
they came to this country, for George had taken the oath of fidelity in England. The 
Aliens settled at Spring Hill, and two or more of their houses yet remain, and are probably 
as old as any in Massachusetts. The one in which the early quakers met for many succes- 
sive years, is still standing, and remained in the family till 1862, when it was sold to Frank 
Korns, the present owner. 


The traveller from Sandwich to Barnstable has, perhaps, 
noticed the ancient and substantial dwelling houses near Spring 
Hill. Some of these have stood two centuries, and were the 
residences of the early Quakers. In 1659 William Allen was the 
occupant of one of them. He was a young man, married, March 
21, 1649-50, Priscilla Brown. His flues amounted to £86,17, and 
were imposed for the following offences : £40 for twenty meetings 
at his house ; £4 for attending meetings at other places ; £5 for 
entertaining Quakers ; £25 for refusing to take the oath of 
fidelity ; £1 for not removing his hat in court, and the balance for 
expenses, &c. 

In payment for these fines there was taken from him at 
different times : 

18 head of cattle, apprised at £64,10 

1 mare and a horse of which he was half owner ; but 

according to the Treasurer's accounts mare and 2 colts, 19,10 
8 bushels of corn and a hogshead, 1,07 

Corn at another time, 1,10 

In addition, a brass kettle was taken in payment of a fine of 
£1, imposed in 1660 for wearing his hat in court. These dis- 
traints were made by Barlow at different times, and some parti- 
culars may be found in Bishop. In the winter of 1660-61 William 
Allen was in Sandwich. In June, 1661, he and 27 others were 
released from prison in Boston, tlie authorities having received 
intelligence that King Charles would, order all Quakers imprisoned 
to be sent over to England for trial. The mandamus or letter of 
the King was received in November, 1661, and in the Plymouth 
Colony persecutions and the exacting of fines ceased ; but in 
Massachusetts the magistrates found means to evade the royal 
authority, and persecutions did not entirely cease for several 
years. ' 

Sandwich suffered more than all the other towns in the Ply- 
mouth Colony — in fact, only a few and unimportant cases occurred 
out of that town. Many of those who were imprisoned in Bos- 
ton were Sandwich men who went there on business. Though two 
centuries have passed, it is not surprising that many particulars 
respecting the persecutions in Sandwich have been preserved. 

Accounts of the sufferings endured by the Quakers in Boston, 
Sandwich, and other places, immediately after the events occured, 
were published in London, and were read by all classes. Such 
events are not soon forgotten, and it takes many generations to 
eradicate the memory thereof from the minds of the descendants 
of the sufferers. In Sandwich the principle facts have been 
preserved by tradition, even the localities where the events 
occurred are pointed out. The preservation of so many of the 
houses of the first Quakers, the ownership whereof for successive 


generations, can be ascertained bv deeds, wills, and other legal 
instruments, has aided in keeping in memory locations which 
would otherwise have been forgotten. The following incidents, 
said to have occurred when Barlow made his last distraint on the 
goods of William Allen, are yet related, and the exact location 
where they occurred pointed out. This story of wrong is in some 
particulars differently related by different persons ; but the leading 
facts are confirmed by the records. 

On the south side of Spring Hill, in Sandwich, in one of 
those cosey nooks, which the first comers selected for their house 
lots, sheltered by hills from the bleak north and west winds, the 
traveller on the Cape Cod Railroad has perhaps noticed an ancient 
dwelling which the renovating hand of modern improvement has 
allowed to remain as it was one hundred and fifty years ago. In 
1658 it was owned by William Allen.* He and his wife Priscilla 

* William Allen's House. Mr.NeiVPlI Hoxie who has made the sturly of the antiquities 
of Spring Hill a speciiiliry, is of the opinion that William Alien, in 1658, resided in a house 
nearer the grave yard than the Alden Allen house. The history of the latter can be traced 
hy records from the year 1672. It was then the residence of William Allen, and continued 
to be till his death in 1705, when he bequeathed it to Daniel, son of his brother George, 
reserving the use of the south end for the meetinfrs of the Quakers in the winter as had 
been customary. Daniel bequeathed it to his son Comelins, Cornelius to his son CJeorgei 
George to his son William, and William to his son Aklen who died Jan. 8, 1858, aged 80. 

To determine the question of the age of this house I have spent some time. Outwardly 
the style indicates about the year 1680 as the date of its erection; but on comparing the 
description of the appearance of the framing and interior arrangements furnished me by 
Mr. Hoxie, with the description thereof given in 1705, by the apprisers of the estate of 
William Allen, I am satisfied that it has been enlarged three, if not four times since 
originally built. The original house was 18 feet by 23, two stories high In the life time of 
William Allen a leanto was added on the west for a kitchen, and an addition made on the 
south one story high, with a leanto roof, in the style popularly known as a "salt box." 
Under the salt box there was a cellar. This corresponds with the description of the build- 
ing in 1705 on the Probate Kecords. Soon after this date the "salt box" was removed or 
enlarged, and an addition made coiTespondiug in size and appearance with the ancient part, 
making the main building 18 by 40 feet, two stories high, not including the leanto on the 
west, and precisely in the form it now remains. The objection to this view is, the framing 
of the north and south ends are precisely alike, the posts on the south not having been 
spliced, making itprobable that both ends were built at the same time, but if so the descrip- 
tion of the apprisers of Allen's estate is incorrect. The position of the cellar and chimney 
indicates that both ends were not built at the same time, and the plates are spliced precisely 
at the place where the addition was probably made. It may have been John Newland's 
house, which William Allen bought about the year 1680, but the location of Ne^V^^fl's house 
is said to have been on the south of the swamp, the collar whereof yet remains. 

All the old houses at Spring Hill have undergone similar transformations since they 
were built. The Wing hou«e, probably the oldest house in Massachusetts, built before 1643 
as a fortification, has been altered so otten that little of the original remains. The George 
Allen built, according to a mark thereon in 1646, is in good preservation. 

The conclusion to which I have arrived is this, that it is not perfectly certain that 
William Allen resided in the Alden Allen house in 1660. It is difficult to prove such a 
question. He may have lived in a hou«e nearer the "grave yard," as tradition savs. 
Portions of the tradition to which I refer are proved erroueou*, namely, that William Allen 
married two wives, the records show that his first wife Priscilla sui-vi'ved him; that having 
no issue he devised his estate to Gideon Allen, the record'* show that he bequeathed it to 
his nephew Daniel. Both houses were near the "grave yard," and nothing is proved by that 
expression, and if the tradition is erronous, as above shown, in important particulars, it 
creates a doubt at least, whether or not it is accurate in regard to the exact location of 
William Allen's house in the year 1660. 

William Allen died iu the Alden Allen house Oct. 1, 1705, aged about 80 years, having 
lived in the marriage relation fifty-five years with his wife Priscilla, who survived him, 
certainly thirty-three years in the house in which he died, probably tlie whole period. His 
house, during the latter part oihis life, and when owned by his successors Daniel, Cornelius, 
Georae, and William, was the resort of numerous Friends at their quarterly, monthly, and 
weekly meeetings. The ot-cupants were hospitable ami provided liberally for all whocame. 
It should be regarded by the Friends as their "Mecca" and be preserved as a monument of 
the "olden time." The associations connected with that old "south end" would be pleasant. 


were among the first in Sandwich who embraced the principles of 
the Quakers. His father was an Ana Baptist, a sect that held to 
some of the peculiar doctrines of the Qualters. His six sons and 
others in Sandwich belonged to the same sect, or sympathized in 
the views of the elder Allen, and readily received the doctrines of 
the Quakers. The father had, ten years before the time of Bar- 
low, "laid down his life in peace." His sons were industrious and 
prudent. William had accumlated a good estate for those times, 
was hospitable, and his house was the resort of the early Friends. 
The distraints which the Marshal had mad« in 1658 and 9, in pay- 
ment of the fines which had been imposed on him, had strip't him 
of nearly all his goods. His house, his lands, a cow, left "out of 
pity," a little corn, and a few articles of household furniture, 
were all that remained, and he was living on bread and water, a 
prisoner in the common jail in Boston. These things did not 
move him, he held fast to bis faith. 

Such was the condition of the family, when the Marshal 
appeared with a warrant to collect additional fines. The sancti- 
monious Barlow was drunk. The distress of the wife did not 
move him. He took the cow which had been left "out of pity," 
the little corn remaining, and a bag of meal which a kind neigh- 
bor had just brought from the mill. This was insufficient. He 
seized a copper kettle, (two iron pots according to one tradition) 
the only one remaining, and then mockingly addressing Mrs. 
Allen, said: "Now Priscilla, how will thee cook for thy family 
and friends, thee has no kettle." Mrs. Allen meekly replied : 
"George, that God who hears the young ravens when they cry, 
will provide for them. I trust in that God, and I verily believe 
the time will come when thy necessity will be greater than mine." 
George carried away the goods, but he remembered the "testi- 
mony" and lived to see it verified. 

Friends, and among them were many who had no sympathy 
for the doctrines of the Quakers, immediately provided for all 
Mrs. Allen's wants, and soon after the trembling Magistrates of 
Massachusetts, fearing that the royal displeasure would be visited 
on their own heads, opened their prison doors, and ordered all 
.who were in bonds, for conscience sake, to depart. 

The letter of King Charles was dated Sept. 9, 1661, and was 
addressed to all the Governors, Magistrates, &c., in his colonies 
in New England, ordering them "to forbear to proceed any 
further" against the Quakers, and to send such as were imprisoned 
to England for ti'ial. The bearer of this dispatch was Samuel 
Shattuck, a Quaker who had been banished from Massachusetts 
on pain of death. He delivered the King's letter to Gov. Endicot. 
It must have been exceedingly mortifying to the Magistrates, to 

The men, whose names now belong to history, met there, they took sweet counsel together, 
and there would some of their descendants delight to assemble and recall the memories of 
the past. 


have been obliged to give audience to, and receive the King's 
letter from the hands of one whom they had banished. 

The news of the King's letter fell like a thunderbolt on Bar- 
low. He had grown rich "on the spoils of the innocent," but in 
after times he was very poor, and often wished for the return of 
"the good times," as he called the four years from 1657 to 1661. 
In Iiis old age he often craved Priscilla's charity; She always 
administered to his wants, and though he never went from her 
door empty handed, yet he was never grateful ; and was always 
sighing for the return of the "good old times." 

Barlow died as he lived, a poor miserable drunkard. No 
loving hand smoothed his brow in death, and no. stone tells where 
he lies. 

It is not surprising that the persecutions of the Quakers at 
Sandwich should have aroused the indignation of such men as 
Cudworth, Hatherly, and Robinson — it is surprising that the acts of 
Barlow should have found an apologist in the Old Colony. William 
Allen was not the greatest sufferer. Edward Perry, who resided at 
East Sandwich, was wealthy, a man who had been well educated, 
he suffered more. Robert Harper had his house and lands and all 
that he had taken, and suffered many cruel imprisonments and 
punishments. Thomas Johnson, the poor weaver, to whom Mr. 
Cudworth refers, was strip't of all he had. Not only were their 
goods taken from them, and cruel punishments inflicted ; but they 
were disfranchised, even those who were of the first settlers and 
had lived in Sandwich, twenty years. Oct. 2, 1658, nine were 
disfranchised by the Colony Court, for being, or sympathizing 
with the Quakers, and it was farther ordered, that no man should 
thereafter be admitted an inhabitant of Sandwich, or enjoy the 
privileges thereof without the approbation of the church, Gov. 
Prence, or one of the assistants. 

During the Protectorates in England a similar feeling existed 
there, and the injudicious legislation of New England was only 
the echo of the Puritan opinion in the mother country. Mr. 
Palfrey in his excellent history of New England, remarks on this 
subject: "The Puritan's mistake at a later period was: that he 
undertook by public regulation what public regulation can never 
achieve, and by aiming to form a nation of saints, introduced 
hypocrites among them to defeat their objects and bring scandal on 
their cause, while the saints were made no more numerous and no 

The following letter of Mr. Cudworth to Mr. John Brown 
was written in December 1658, and printed the next year in Eng- 
land, and probably had an influence in determining King Charles 
to issue his letter or mandamus. Mr. Deane, in his histf^ry of 
Scituate, publishes the letter substantially, omitting many passages 


and modernizing the language in some instances. I prefer to 
give the letter as written by Mr. Cudworth : 


SciTUATB, 10th mo. 1658. 
As for the State and condition of Things amongst us, it is 
Sad, and like so to continue ; the Antichristian Persecuting Spirit 
is very active, and that in the Powers of this World : He that will 
not whip and Lash, Persecute and Punish Men that Differ in 
Mattefs of Religion, must not sit on the Bench, nor sustain any 
Office in the Common-wealth. Last election, Mr. Hatherly, and 
my Self, left off the Bench, and mj self Discharged of my 
Captainship, because I had Entertained some of the Quakers at 
my House (thereby that I might be the better acquainted with their 
Principles) I thought it better fo to do, than with the blind 
World, to Censure, Condemn, Rail at, and Revile them, when 
they neither faw their Persons, nor knew any of their Principles : 
But the Quakers and my felf cannot close in divers Things ; and 
fo I signified to the Court, I was no Quaker, but must bear my 
Testimony against sundry Things that they held, as I had Occasion 
and Opportunity: But withal, I told them. That as I was no 
Quaker, fo I would be no Persecutor. This Spirit did Work those 
two Years that I was of the Magistracy ; during which time I was 
on sundry Occasions forced to declare my Dissent, in sundry 
Actings of that Nature ; which, altho' done with all Moderation 
of Expression, together with due respect unto the Rest, yet it 
wrought great Disaffection and Prejudice in them, against me ; so 
that if I should say, some of themselves set others on Work to 
frame a Petition against me, that so they might have a seeming 
Ground from others (tho' first moved and acted by themselves, to 
lay what they could under Reproach) I should do no wrong. The 
Petition was with Nineteen Hands ; it will be too long to make 
Rehearsal : It wrought such a disturbance in our Town, and 
in our Military Company, that when the Act of Court was 
read in the Head of the Company, had I not been present, 
and made a Speech to them, I fear there had been such Actings as 
would have been of a sad Consequence. The Court was again 
followed with another Petition of Fifty Four Hands, and the 
Court returned the Petitioners an Answer with such plausibleness 
of Speech, carrying with it great shew of Respect to them, readily 
acknowledging, with the Petitioners, my Parts and Gifts, and how 
useful 1 had been in my Place ; Professing, they had nothing at all 
against me, only in that thing of giving Entertainment to Quakers ; 
whereas, I broke no Law in giving, them a Night's Lodging or 
two, and some Victuals : For, our Law then was, — If any Enter- 
tain a Quaker, and keep him after he is warned by a Magistrate 
to Depart, the Party so Entertaining, shall pay Twenty Shillings 
a Week, for Entertaining them. — Since hath been made a Law, — 


If any Entertain a Quaker, if but a quarter of an Hour, he is to 
forfeit Five Pounds. — Another, — That if any see a Quaker, he is 
bound, if he live Six Miles or moi-e from the Constable, yet he 
must presently go and give Notice to the Constable, or else is 
subject to the Censure of the Court (which may be hanging) — 
Another, — That if the Constable know, or hear of any ( Juaker in 
his Precincts, he is presently to Apprehend him, and if he will not 
presently Depart the Town, the Constable is to whip him, and send 
him away. The divers have been Whipped with us in our Patent ; 
and truly to tell you plainly, that the Whipping of them with that 
Cruelty, as some have been Whipp'd, and their Patience under it, 
has sometimes been the Occasion of gaining more Adherence to 
them, than if they had suffered them openly to have preached a 

— Also another Law, — That if there be a Quakers Meeting 
any where in the Colony, the Party in whose House or on whose 
Ground it is, is to pay Forty Shillings ; The Preaching-Quaker 
Forty Shillings ; every Hearer Forty Shillings : Yea, and if they 
have Meetings, thou' nothing be spoken, when they so meet, which 

they say, so it falls out sometimes Our last Law, That now 

they are to be Apprehended, and carried before a Magistrate, and 
by him committed to be kept close Prisoners, until they will 
promise to depart, and never come again ; and will also pay their 
Fees — (which I preceive they will do neither the one nor the 
other) and they must be kept only with the Counties Allowance, 
which is but small (namely Course Bread and Water) No Friend 
may bring them any thing ; none may be permitted to speak with 
them ; Nay, if they have money of then- own, they ma\' not make 
use of that to relieve themselves. 

In the Massachusetts (namely, Boston-Colony) after they 
have Whipp'd them, they Cut their Ears, they have now, at last, 
gone the furthest step they can. They Banish them upon pain of 
Death, if they ever come there again. We expect that we must 
do the like ; we must Dance Aftei their Pipe : Now Plimouth-Sad- 
dle is on the Bay-Horse (viz. Boston) we shall follow them on the 
Career : For, it is well if in some there be not a Desire to be their 
Apes and Imitators in all their Proceedings in things of this 

All these Carnel and Antichristian Ways being not of God's 
Appointment, effect nothing as to the Obstructing or Hindring of 
them in their way or Course. It is only the Word or Spu'it of the 
Lord that is able to Convince Gainsayers : They are the Mighty 
Weapons of a Christian's Warfare, by which Great and Mighty 
Things are done and accomplished. 

They have many Meetings, and many Adherents, almost the 
whole Town of Sandwich is adhering towards them ; and give me 
leave a little to acquaint you with their Sufferings, which is Griev- 


ous unto, and Saddens the Heart of most of the Precious Saints 
of God ; It lies down and rises up with them, and they cannot put 
it out of their minds, to see and hear of poor Families deprived 
of their Comforts, and brought into Penury tind Want (you may 
say. By what Means? And, to what End?) As far as I am 
able to judge of the End, It is to force them from their Homes 
and lawful Habitations, and to drive them out of their Coasts. 
The Massachusetts have Banish'd Six of their Inhabitants, to be 
gone upon pain of Death ; and I wish that Blood be not shed : 
But our poor People are pillaged and plundered of their Goods ; 
and haply, when they have no more to satisfy their unsatiable 
Desire, at last may be forced to flee, and glad they have their 
Lives for a Prey. 

As for the Means by which they are impoverished ; These in 
the first place were Scrupulous of an Oath ; why then we must put 
in Force an old Law, — That all must take the Oath of Fidelity. 
This being tendered, they will not take it ; and then we must add 
more Force to the Law ; and that is, — If any Man refuse, or 
neglect to take it by such a time, he shall pay Five Pounds, or 
depart the Colony. — When the time is come, they are the same as 
they were ; Then goes out the Marshal, and f etcheth away their 
Gows and other Cattle. Well, another Court comes, They are 
required to take the Oath again, — They cannot — Then Five 
Pounds more : On this Account Thirty Five Head of Cattle, as I 
have been credibly informed, hath been by the Authority of our 
Court taken from them the latter part of this Summer ; and these 

people say, If they have more right to them, than themselves, 

Let them take them. Some that had a Cow only, some Two 

Cows, some Three Cows, and many small Children in their 
Families, to whom, in Summer time, a Cow or Two was the great- 
est Ontward Comfort they had for their Subsistence. A poor 
Weaver that had Seven or Eight small children (I know not which) 
he himself Lame in his Body, had but Two Cows, and both taken 
from him. The Marshal asked him. What he would do? He 

must have his Cows. The Man said, That God that gave him 

them, he doubted not, but would still provide for him. 

To fill up the measure yet more full, tho' to the further 
emptying of Sandwich-Men of their outward Comforts. The last 
Court of Assistants, the first Tuesday of this Instant, the Court 
was pleased to determine Fines on Sandwich-Men for Meetings, 
sometimes on First Days of the Week, sometimes on other Days, 
as they say : They m5et ordinarily twice in a Week, besides the 
Lord's Day, One Hundred and Fifty Pounds, whereof W. New- 
land is Twenty Four Pounds, for himself and his Wife, at Ten 
Shillings a Meeting. W. Allen Forty Six Pounds, some affirm it 
Forty Nine Pounds. The poor Weaver afore spoken of. Twenty 
Pounds, Brother Cook told me, one of the Brethen at Barnstable 


certified him, That he was in the Weaver's House, when cruel 
Barloe (Sandwich Marshal) came to demand the Sum, and said, 
he was fully informed of all the poor Man had, and thought, if all 
lay together, it was not worth Ten Pounds. What will be the 
end of such Courses and Practices, the Lord only knows. I 
heartily and earnestly pray, that these, and such like Courses, 
neither raise up among us, or bring in upon us, either the Sword, or 
any devouring Calamity, as a just Avenger of the Lord's Quarrel, 
for Acts of Injustice and Oppression ; and that we may every one 
find out the Plague of his own Heart ; and putting away the Evils 
of his own Doings, and meet the Lord by Entreaties of Peace, 
before it be too late, and there be no Eemedy. 

Our Civil Powers are so exercised in Things appertaining to 
the Kingdom of Christ, in Matters of Religion and Conscience, 
that we have no time to effect any thing that tends to the Promo- 
tion of the Civil Weal, or the prosperity of the Place ; but now we 
must have a State-Religion, such as the Powers of the World will 
allow, and no other : A State-Ministry, and a State way of 
Maintenance : And we must Worship and Serve the Lord Jesus 
as the World shall appoint lis : We must all go to the publick 
Place of Meeting, in the Parish where he dwells, or be prevented ; 
I am Informed of Three or Fourscore, last Court presented, for- 
not coming to publick Meetings ; and let me tell you how they 
brought this about : You may remember a Law once made, call'd 
Thomas Hinckley's Law, — That if any neglected the Worship of 
God, in the Place where he lives, and sets up a Worship contrary 
to God, and the Allowance of this Government, to the public 
Prophanation of God's Holy Day and Ordinance, shall pay Ten 
Shillings. — This Law would not reach what then was aimed at : 
Because he must do so and so ; that is, all things therein ex- 
pressed, or else break not the Law. In March last a Court of 
Deputies was called, and some Acts touching Quakers were made ; 
and then they contrived to make this Law serviceable to them ; 
and that was by putting out the word [and] and putting m the 
word [or] which is a Disjunctive, and makes every Branch to 
bepome a Law. So now, if any do neglect, or will not come to 
the publick Meetings, Ten Shillings for every Defect. Certainly 
we either have less Wit, or more Money, than the Massachusetts : 
For, for Five Shilling a Day, a man may stay away, till it come to 
Twelve or Thirteen Pounds, if he had it but to pay them : And 
these Men altering this Law now in March, yet left it Dated, 
June 6, 1651, and so it stands as the Act -of a General Court; 
they to be the Authors of it Seven Years before it was in being ; 
and so you your selves have your part and share in it, if the 
Recorder lye not. But what may be the Reason that they should 
not by anc'ther Law, made and dated by that Court, as well effect 
what was intended, as by altering a Word, and so the whole sense 


of the Law ; and leave this their Act by the Date of it charged on 
another Court's Account? Surely the chief Instruments in the 
Busiaess, being privy to an Act of Parliament for Liberty, should 
too openly have acted repugnant to a Law of England ; but if 
they can do the Thing, and leave it on a Court, as making it Six 
Years before the Act of Parliament, there can be no danger in 
this. And that they were privy to the Act of Parliament for 
Liberty, to be then in being, is evident, That the Deputies might 
be free so act it. They told us, That now the Protector stood not 
engaged to the Articles for Liberty, for the Parliament had now 
taken the Power into their own Hands, and had given the Pro- 
tector a new Oath, Only in General, to maintain the Protestant 
Religion ; and so produced the Oath in a Paper, in Writing ; 
whereas, the Act of Parliament, and the Oath, are both in one 
Book, in Print : So that they who were privy to the one, could not 
be Ignorant of the other. But still all is well, if we can keep the 
People Ignorant of their Liberties and Priviledges, that we have 
Liberty to Act in our own "Wills what we please. 

We are wrapped up in a Labyrinth of Confused Laws, that 
the Freemen's Power is quite gone ; and it was said, last June- 
Court, by one, — That they knew nothing the Freemen had there to 
do. — Sandwich-Men may go to the Bay, lest they be taken up for 
Quakers : W. Newland was there about his Occasions, some Ten 
Days since, and they put him in Prison Twenty Four Hours, and 
sent for divers to Witness against him ; but they had not Proof 
enough to make him a Quaker, which if they had, he should have 
been Whipp'd : Nay, they may not go about their Occasions in 
other Towns in our Colony, but Warrants lie in Ambush to 
Apprehend and bring them before a Magistrate, to give an 
Account of their Business. Some of the Quakers in Rhode 
Island came to bring Goods, to Trade with them, and that 
for far Reasonabler Terms, than the Professing and Oppressing 
Merchants of the Country ; but that will not be suffered : So that 
unless the Lord step in, to their Help and Assistance, in some way 
beyond Man's Conceiving, their Case is sad, and to be pitied ; and 
truly it moves Bowels of Compassion in ail sorts, except those in 
place, who carry it with a high Hand towards them. Through 
Mercy we have yet among us worthy Mr. Dunster, whom the Lord 
hath made boldly to bear Testimony against the Spirit of 

Our Bench now is, Tho. Prence, Governour ; Mr. Collier, 
Capt. Willet, Capt. Winslow, Mr. Alden, Lieut. Southworth, W. 
Bradford, Tho. Hinckley. Mr. Collier left June would not sit on 
the Bench, if I sate there ; and now will not sit the next Year, 
unless he may have Thirty Pounds sit by him. Our Court and 
Deputies last June made Capt. Winslow a Major. Surely we are 
Mercenary Soldiers, that must have a Major imposed Upon us. 


Doubtless next Court they -may choose us a Governour, and 
Assistants also. A Freeman shall need to do nottijng but bear 
such Burdens as are laid upon him. Mr. Alden has deceived the 
Expectations of many, and indeed lost the Affection of such, as 
I judge were his Cordial Christian Friends ; who is very active in 
such Ways, as I pray God may not be charged on him, to be 
Oppression of a High Nature. James Ccdwokth. 

A tabular statement of the amount of the fines, &c., of the 
Sandwich Quakers in the years 1658, 1659 and 1660 : 

Cattle taken. Remarks. 



Kalph Allen, Sen'r, 


3 horses, &c. 


Ralph " Jr., 



Joseph " 

2 pr. Wheels and a 

Cloak ■ 



George " 




William " 


1 horse, 2 colts, 15 

bush, corn, &c. 



Matthew, " 


8 bnsh. corn, 



John " 


Thomas Greenfield, 


all his corn, 


Robert Harper, 
William Giflord, 


house & land. 



1-2 house, 1-2 pig. 



Peter Grant, 


1 horse, corn, and wheat. 



Ralph Jones, 



Thomas Johnson, 

house & land. 


John Jenkins, 


money £8, 



Thomas Ewer, 

money, chest, clothing, 




Rich, Kerby, Sr., & Jr., 


S bush, corn. 



Wm. Newland, 


2 horses. 


John Newland, 

1 horse. 



Edward Perry, 


tar, feathers, &c.. 



Michael Turner, 

9 sheep. 



Daniel Wing, 


Cattle taken, 129, 3 horses, 9 sheep, £679,02. 

To the above lists may be added the names of Stephen Wing, 
Henry Saunders, Samuel Kerley and others. Ralf Jones' house 
was in Barnstable, but close to the Sandwich bound. He belonged 
to the Sandwich Meeting. He does not appear to have been fined 
only £1 for not attending meetings. Keith's wonderful story 
about his cows, wants confirmation. 

From 1660 to 1673, Capt. Cudworth resided at Scituate. 
During this period he was often employed in settling differences 
between his neighbors, &c., but sustained no office. In 1666 he 
was nominated by the military company of Scituate to the oflflce 
of Captain, against the advice of the Court, and his appointment 
was not confirmed. This vote 'shows that he was held in high 
estimation by his townsmen. June 3, 1773, Major JosiahWinslow 
succeeded Mr. Thomas Prence as Governor, and made honorable 
amends for the abuse and neglect which Capt. Cudworth had 
received from his predecessor. He was, at the July Court re- 
established into the right and privilege of a citizen, and authorized 
to solemize marriages, grant subpoenas for witness, and to admin- 
ister oaths. Dec. 17, 1673, he was unanimously appointed 
Captain of the Plymouth forces in the proposed expedition against 


the Dutch at New York. The following quotations from his letter 
to Gov. Winslow, declining the appointment, I find in Deane'a 
History of Scituate : 

"Sir, I do unfeignedly and most ingenuously receive the 
Court's valuation and estimation of me, in preferring me to such 
a place. It is not below me or beneath me, (as some deem theirs 
to be), but is above me, and far beyond any desert of mine ; and 
had the Court been well acquainted with my insufficiency for" such 
an undertaking, doubtless I should not have been in nomination ; 
neither would it have been their wisdom to hazard the cause and 
the lives of their men upon an instrument so unaccomplished for 
the well management of so great a concern. So being persuaded 
to myself of my own insufficiency it appears clearly and undoubt- 
ediey unto me, that I have no call of God thereunto : for vox 
populi, is not always vox Dei. Beside, it is evident unto me, 
upon other considerations, I am not called of God unto this work 
at this time. The estate and condition of my family is such as 
will not admit of such a thing, being such as can hardly be 
paralleled ; which was well know unto some : but it was not well 
or friendly done as to me, nor faithfully as to the country, if they 
did not lay my condition before the Court. My wife, as so well 
known unto the whole town, is not only a weak woman, but has 
so been all klong ; and now by reason of age, being sixty-seven 
years and upwards, and nature decaying, so her illness grows 
strongly upon her. 

'■'Sir, I can truly say that I do not in the least waive the busi- 
ness out of any discontent in my spirit arising from any former 
difference : for the thought of all which is and shall be forever 
buried, so as not to come in rcjaembrance : neither out of any 
effeminate or dastardly spirit ; but I am as freely willing to serve 
my King and my Country as any man, in what I am capable and 
fitted for : but I do not understand that a man is called to serve 
his country with the inevitable ruin and destruction of his own 

"These things being premised, I know your Honor's wisdom 
and prudence to be such, that you will, upon serious considera- 
tion thereof, conclude that I am not called of God to embrace 
the call of the General Court. Sir, when I consider the Court's 
act in pitching their thoughts upon me, I have many musings what 
should be the reason moving them thereunto ; I conceive it cannot 
be, that I should be thought to have more experience and better 
abilities than others, for you, with many others, do well known, 
that when I entered upon military employ, I was very raw in the 
theoretic part of war, and less acquainted with the practical part : 
and it was not long that I sustained my place in which I had 
occasion to bend my mind and thoughts that way ; but was dis- 
charged thereof, and of other publick concerns : and therein I 


took VOX populi to be vox Dei, and that God did thereby call and 
design me to sit still and be sequestered from all publick transac- 
tions, which condition suits me so well that I have received more 
satisfaction and contentment therein, than ever I did in sustain- 
ing any publick place." 

Capt. Cudworth was chosen, in 1674, an assistant, and 
annually thereafter till 1680. In 1674, though over 70 years of 
age, was re-established Captain of the Military Company -in 
Scituate. Oct. 4, 1675, "Major James Cudworth was unanimously 
chosen and re-established in the office of a General or Commander- 
in-chief, to take the charge of our forces that are or may be sent 
forth in the behalf of the Colony against the enemy, as occasion 
may require." 

In 1678 he was on the committee to revise the laws, and 
again appointed in 1681. June 7, 1681, he was chosen a Com- 
missioner of the United Colonies, and Duputy Governer. In 
Sept. 1681, he went over to England as the Agent of the 
Colony, and died of the small pox in London in the spring of the 
following 3'ear. 

Thus ended the life of one who, take him all in all, had no 
superior in the Old Colony. As a christian, he was meek, humble, 
and toleraut ; as a neighbor, he was mild, humane, and useful ; as 
a man, he was magnanimous in all his acts, and as a commander 
be was brave and able, and had the entire confidence of his 
soldiers. When disfranchised and thrust out of office, he did not 
murmur, he regretted that some of his ancient friends, particularly 
John Alden, should be led astray, and though he condemned their 
acts, yet he never allowed a difference of opinion to break the ties 
of friendship. He retired to his farm, and for thirteen years was 
constantly engaged in rural occupations. Referring to this period 
he says, they were the happiest years of his life. 

It is no credit to the memory of Gov. Thomas Prence that he 
had not the" magnanimity to do justice to the merits of Gen. 
Cudworth. He had many excellent qualities, but toleration in 
matters of faith was not one of them, and therefore his hostility. 
Gov. Hinckley was a zealous Puritan ; but he was more tolerant and 
more liberal in his views. He never joined in the crusade against 
the Anna Baptists, and in respect to the Quakers, many things 
have been laid to his charge of which he was not guilty. What- 
ever may have been his opinion in 1658 and 1674, he and all the 
assistants and deputies unanimously co-operated with Gov. 
Winslow in awarding justice to Gen. Cudworth. Such conduct 
disai-ms criticism. Gen. Cudworth lived down all opposition, and 
in his old age the highest honors in the gift of the people were 
freely bestowed on him. 

Of the family of Gen. Cudworth, no record has been pre- 
served. His wife was living in 1674, but had deceased at the 


date of his will, Sept. 15, 1681. He names therein his sons 
James, Israel, and Jonathan and daughter Mary's four children, 
and Hannah Jones. 

His children were : James, baptized in Scituate 3d May, 
1635; Mary, baptized in Scituate 23d July, 1637; Jonathan, 
baptized in Scituate 16th Sept. 1638, died here; Israel, baptized 
in Barnstable 18th April, 1641 ; Jonna, baptized in Barnstable 
24th March, 1643. 

Besides these he had a son buried in Barnstable 24th June, 
1644, who died young — a daughter Hannah, and another son 
named Jonathan. 

James and Jonathan resided in Scituate and had families. 
Israel removed to Freetown. 



Some of the descendants of Robert Davis* have supposed 
that he was the first who settled in that part of Barnstable known 
from early times as Oldtown. But this is a mistake. He was not 
the first nor the second- Rev. Stephen Bachiller and his company, 
settled there in the winter of 1637-8. William Chase owned a 
farm there very early, probably in 1639, certainly June 8, 1642, 
when he mortgaged a part of it to Stephen Hopkins. He sold out 
before 1648. In the division of the fences that year, it appears 
that the fence on the south boundary of his land extended seventy 
rods. In 1648, the Oldtown lands were owned by the following 
persons, in the following order, beginning on the east at Stony 
Cove, as the mill-pond was then called: 1st, Mr. Thomas Allyn 
25 acres, Mr. Andrew Hallett 8, Goodman Isaac Wells 9, 
Goodman James Hamblin 9, Mr. John Mayo 7, Thomas Huckins 
1, Goodman Rogers Goodspeed 2, Mr. Henry Coggin 4, Samuel 
House (or Howes) 4, the Sachem Nepoyetam 30, and the Sachem 
Cacomicus 10. The quantities here given included only the 
cleared lands fit for planting. Forest, swamps, and meadows, 
were not probably included in the measurement. 

In January, 1648-9, the grist mill now known as Hallett's 
water-mill, had been built and the. division of the fences com- 
menced at the mill. Mr. Allyn had purchased largely, and 
Samuel Hinckley seven acres. Mr. Hallett, Mr. Coggin, and 
Cacomicus, had sold out. After this date, the records furnish no 
means of tracing the ownership of these lands. 

Robert Davis' name appears on the list of those who were 
able to bear arms in Yarmouth in August, 1643. He married, in 
1646, and his daughters Deborah and Mary were born in Yar- 
mouth the latter April 28, 1648. The birth of his son Andrew 

* Two of the name of Robert Davis came over. Robert of Sudbury, bora in 1609, came 
(witli Margaret Davis, perliaps his sister, aged 26) in 1638, in the confidence of Southamptott 
as servant of Peter Noyes, and died 19th July, 1755, aged 47. He had a wife Bridget who 
sui-vived him, and daugliters Rebecca and Sarah ; the Tatter born 10th April, 1646. 


in May, 1650, is on the Barnstable, and not on the Yarmoutli 
return, which fixes the date of his removal with sufficient exact- 

Excepting of the births of his children, the earliest entry I 
find of his name on the records, is 12th May, 1657, when a grant 
of "a parcel of common land" in the New Common Field was 
made to him, lying between the lands of Goodman Cobb and 
Goodman Gorham. He was admitted a freeman of the Colony 
in 1659. 

Robert Davis was not a man of wealth, was not distinguished 
in political life, nor was he ever entitled to the then honorable 
appellation of "Mister;" he was 

"An honest good man, 

And got his living by his labor, 

And Goodman Shelly* was his neighbor." 

His character for honesty and industry he transmitted to his 

His lands were not recorded in 1654. His farm in 1639, was 
included within the bounds of Yarmouth, and with the exception 
of a small lot owned by Robert Shelly, was bounded on the west 
by Indian Lane — the original boundary between the towns — on 
the east, his farm was bounded by the lands of Joseph Hallett, 
and on the south by Dead Swamp, including the narrow strip 
between the present road and that swamp. The easterly part of 
his farm was a part of the William Chase farm. The westerly 
part he bought of the town, of the Indians, and of James Gor- 
ham, and the south was a part of the great lot of Thomas Lum- 
bert.§ His house, in 1686, was not on the present County road, 
but on the higher ground north, of the swamp where the first road 
probably passed. In 1686, the house of Robert Shelly was the 
next west of that of Robert Davis, and both appear to have been 
on the north of the swamp. In that year the town granted Good- 

* Goodman Shelly was a v^ry worthy, unambitious mau, "a rolling stone that gathers no 
moss" — in other words, he was often removed from place to place, and was always poor. 
His wife. Goody Shelly, was a Bay lady, and a cobbler would say of her, was "high in the ' 
instep." If Mrs. Lothrop or Mrs'. Diminock had a party, if she was not an invited guest, 
she took great oifeuce, and her seat at church on the following Sabbath would be vacant. 
Rev. Mr. Lothrop complains bitterly of this trait in her character. 

X All the descendants of Robert Davis for eight successive generations, have been 
noted for their honest dealings aud industrious habits. Of the whole number, I find only 
one whose character for integrity was doubted by his neighbors. Cornelius Davis, I pre- 
sume, was a descendant of liobert, though the evidence is not satisfactory. He was not 
reported honest. Perhaps his habit of carrying an Indian basket on his back was no 
credit to him. It, however, is said that other peoples' goods got into that basket. Whether 
or not these reports were slanderous I cannot say ; but this much is certain, he did not enjoy 
an unspotted i-eputation for honesty and integrity in his dealings. There is something in 
race; tor even now, the character of the ancestor can be traced in the child of the ninth 

§ Thomas Lumbert's great lot was all finally owned by the descendants of Robert 
Davis. In 1664, the western part was owned by Samuel Hinckley, and the eastern part by 
the widow of Nicholas Davis. Robert Davis appears to have owned the uorth-easterly part 
of the Lumbert lot. 


man Shelly a part of the swamp, and Robert Davis sold him "a 
small gore of land," so that Shelly's lands was afterwards bounded 
south by the present highway. This addition was made where 
the late Capt. John Easterbrooks' old house now stands. Fifty 
years ago John, Abner, and Elisha T. Davis, sons of Joseph, 
owned all Eobert Davis' lands on the north of the highway. 

Robert Davis died in 1693. His will is dated April 14', 1688, 
and proved June 29, 1693. He names his wife Ann. To his 
son Joseph he devises the land in the New Common Field, which 
he bought of the Indians ;|| and to Josiah he devises the two acres 
of land in the Common Field, which the town gTanted to him in 
1657. He also names Josiah's house lot, now owned by Lot 
Easterbrooks. He also names his son Andrew, to whom he gave 
five shillings, and his son Robert ; also his daughters Deborah 
Geere, Sarah, Mercy, Mary Dexter, and Hannah Dexter. His 
estate was apprised at £75,13, a small sum ; but it must be remem- 
bered that money had not then been depreciated, and that land at 
that time was not valuable. 

His widow, Ann Davis, died in 1701. Her will is dated May 
5, 1699, and was proved April 1, 1701. She named Robert 
Davis, my son Joseph's son, daughter Hannah Dexter, grand- 
child Sarah Dexter, son Josiah's wife, and daughters Sarah Young 
and Mercy Young. The fact that she names only the younger 
children, indicates that she was the second wife of Robert 

1. Robert Davis of Yarmouth, in 1643, of Barnstable in 
1650 where he died in 1693, probably married twice. His last 
wife, whom he probably married in 1657, was named A nn. 
Children horn in Yarmouth. 
Deborah, Jan. 1645. 
Mary, April 28, 1648. 

Born in Barnstable. 
Andrew, May, 1650. 
John, March "l, 1652. 
Robert, Aug. 1654. 
Josiah, Sept. 1656. 

Hannah, Sept. 1658. 
. Sarah, Oct. 1660. 

1. Deborah Davis married Thos. Geere of Enfield, Conn., 
had Shubael who has descendants, and Elizabeth born May 4, 
1685, who died under three years of age. Thomas, the father, 

II This fact is probably the foundation of the family tradition, that Robert Davis boueht 
his farm of the Indians for a brass kettle. The recent discoTery of the gi-ave of lyanoueJj 
has revived the old story, which has no foundation in truth. b »« "i j.i'.uougu 


I. ] 




















died 14th Jan. 1722, aged 99 years, and his wife Deborah in 1736, 
aged 91. 

2. Mary, married a Dexter, whose Christian name 1 cannot 

3. Andrew, to whom £is father gave five shillings in his will, 
removed from Barnstable, perhaps to I^ew London, Conn. 

4. John Davis is not named in his father's will and probably 
died young. 

5. Robert Davis, 2d, removed from Barnstable. Mr. 
Deane, in his history of Scituate, says that "Tristram Davis, son 
of Robert of Yarmouth, born in 1654, was in Scituate in 1695. 
He married Sarah Archer of Braintree 1694." Mr. Savage copies 
the mistake of Deane. Robert Davis, Senior, had no son Tristram. 
It was probably Robert that Deane intended to name. 

6. Josiah Davis' house is named in the laying out of the 
County road, in 1686, as next east of Samuel Cobb's, on the north 
side of the way. It stood a few feet east of the present dwelling 
bouse of Lot Easterbrooks, and was taken down not many years 
ago. In his will, dated 21st April, 1709, and proved the 5th of 
October following, he names his nine children, all of whom were 
then living. To his sons John, Josiah, and Seth, he gave his 
dwelling house, the land he bought of James Gorham, the Com- 
mon Field land, given him by his father, and one-half of the 
orchard lying before his door, on the south side of the road. To 
his sons Jonathan and Stephen, the other half of the orchard, 
&c. He names his daughters Hannah Cobb, and Ruth, Sarah and 
Anna unmarried. The legacies to his daughters he ordered to be 
paid out of the £53 he ventured in trading at sea, £30 in the 
hands of his son John, and £23 in the hands of Gersham Cobb. 
His estate was apprised at over £500, corn being then worth 10 
shillings a bushel, showing that there had been some depreciation 
in the currency since the death of his father. In the division of 
the common he was entitled to 43 1-2 shares, a number above the 
average. He was a soldier in Capt. John Gorham's company in 
King Phillip's war in 1675, and one of the proprietors of Gorham- 

7. Hannah Davis married a Dexter whose Christian name 
does not appear on the record. She had a daughter Sarah. 

8. Sarah Davis married, 28th Oct. 1679, Joseph Young , of 
Eastham, son of the first John and had a family. 

9. Joseph Davis resided in Barnstable. His family was 
one of the most respectable in town. He died, say the Church 
Records, Aug. 10, 1735, aged about 70 years, and his widow 
Hannah May 2, 1739, aged 68. 

10. Mercy Davis married first Nathaniel Young, brother of 


Joseph above named, and 10th June, 1708, Nathaniel Mayo, of 

(7-6) Josiah Davis, son of Robert, born Sept. 1656, married 
Ann, daughter of Richard Taylor, (tailor) of Yarmouth, June 25, 
1679, and had 

12. I. John, 2d Sept. 1681, married M. Dimmock Aug. 13, 

13. II. Hannah, April, 1683, married Gersham Cobb Feb. 24, 

14. III. Josiah, Aug. 1687, married M. Taylor July 10, 1712. 

15. IV. Seth, Oct. 1692, married Lydia Davis Aug. 6, 1727. 

16. V. Ruth, Feb. 1694, married John Scudder, 19th May, 

17. VI. Sarah, Feb. 1696, married Elisha Taylor 24th Oct. 

18. VII. Jonathan, 1698, married Susan Allyn April 24, 1735. 

19. VIII. Stephen, 12th Dec. 1700, married Rebecca . 

20. IX. Anna, 5th April 1702, married Theophilus Witherell, 

(10-9) Joseph Davis, son of Robert, married, by Mr. 
Thatcher, March 1695, to Hannah, daughter of James Cobb. 
Children born in Barnstable. 

21. I. Robert, 7th March 1696-7 married Jane Annable, Oct. 
8, 1719. 

22. II. Joseph, 23d March, 1698-9. 

23. III. James, 30th July, 1700, married Thankful Hincldey 
Jan. 4, 1727-8. 

24. IV. Gersham, 5th Sept. 1702, married three wives. 

25. V. Hannah, 5th March, 1705, married Samuel Dimmock 

26. VI. Mary, 5th June 1707, married Matthias Gorham March 
1, 1730. 

27. VII. Lydia, 12th Feb. 1709, died unmarried Dec. 30, 

28. VIII. Daniel, 28th Sept. 1713, married twice. 

(12-1) John Davis, Esq., son of Josiah, born in Barnstable 
2d Sept. 1681, married, Aug. 13, 1705, Mehitable, daughter of 
Sbubn r d Dimmock. Her father resided for a time in Yarmouth, 
and she was a member of the Yarmouth Church, and was dis- 
missed to the East Church in Barnstable Feb. 12, 1725-6. She 
died May 1775, aged 89. She was blind several years previous 
to her death. John Davis, Esq., was a captain, a justice of the 
peace, &c., and was a man of note in his day. He died 29 — — , 
1736, aged 58, leaving a good estate. He bought a part of the 
great lot of Mr. Thomas Lumbard, and the house which he built 
thereon is now standing, and is now owned by the successors of 























the late Eleazer Cobb, Sen'r, and George L. Gorham. 
His OMldren born in Barnstable, were : 
29. I. Thomas, Oct. 1, 1706, married Susan Sturgess Nov. 17, 

John, Sept. 8, 1708, married twice. 
Solomon, April 5, 1711, died July 18, 1712. 
William, April 10, 1713, died July 4, 1713. 
Solomon, June 24, 171.5, married twice. 

Mehitable, Aug. 10, 1717, married four times. 
. William, Aug. 24, 1719, married Martha Crocker 
. 2, 1745. 

I. Josiah, Feb. 17, 1722. 
Isaac, ^ died Oct. 28, 1724. 
>- twins, Aug, 3, 1724. , 
Jesse, ) died Aug. 13, 1724. 
Isaac, March 1, 1727, died Nov. 2., 1727. 
(14-3) Josiah Davis, son of Josiah, married, July 10, 1712, 
Meliitable, daughter of Edward Taylor of West Barnstable. 

Children born in Barnstable. 
Edward, 19th June, 1713. 

Mary, 8th Aug. 1714. 
. Josiah, 2d Aug. 1718. 

A Josiah Davis resided in the high single house next west of 
Capt. Jonathan Davis' afterwards bought by James Davis, and 
now owned by his descendants. 

(15-4) Seth Davis, son of Josiah, was of Barnstable in 1728. 
Aug. 6, 1727, Lydia Davis was admitted to the East Church. 
Aug. 4, 1728, Lucy, daughter of Seth and Lydia Davis, was 
baptized. The name then disappears on the Church records. 
Sept. 29, 1755, a Seth Davis married Sarah Sturgis. I thinii 
Cornelius Davis was his son. He owned Josiah Davis' house, 
who was probably his grandfather. 

(18-7) Capt. Jonathan Davis, son of Josiah, resided in 
Barnstable. He was a sea captain. His first wife was Elizabeth 

. She died Sept. 14, 1733, aged 32. He married, 

April 24, 1735, Susannah Allyn. She died Aug. 14, 1751, aged 
36. According to the Church records he died, Dec. 2, 1782, aged 
83. His grave stones in the burying ground near the Unitarian 
Meeting House, say Jan. 4, 1784, in the 82d year of his age. 
His will was proved Jan. 1788. He names Wm. Belford and 
daughter Ann, to whom he gives all his estate, and i^s daughter 
Elizabeth. Neither correspond with the record of his birth. His 
house stood on the north side of the road, between the houses of 
Samuel Cobb and Josiah Davis. His daughters Ann and Eliza- 
beth were his only cliildren living at the time of his death. Ann 
taught a school several years. She married John Belford, one of 








the Scotch Irish, (see Delap) and had Susy Davis baptized Oct. 
11, 1772; Edward, baptized .Jan. 1, 1770, died young; Edward 
again, baptized Oct. 1778; and Davis, June 18, 1781. The 
descendants write their name Ford. 

His children born in Barnstable, and baptized at the East 
Church, were : ? 

43. I. Elizabeth, baptized Nov. 9, 1729, died young. 

44. II. Elizabetii, baptized Oct. 24, 1736, died young. 

45. III. Susannah, born July 29, 1738. 

46. IV. Elizabeth, baptized Oct. 4, 1741, married 


47. V. Anna, baptized May 1, 1743, married Wm. Belford. 

48. VI. Jonathan, baptized June 14, 1747, died young. 
(19-8) Stephen Davis, called Stephen Jr., to distinguish him 

from Stephen, son of Dolar, who was ten years his senior, was 
son of Josiah, born in Barnstable Dec. 12, 1700. He bought the 
ancient John Scudder house of his brother-in-law, John Scudder, 
Jr., and six acres of land, a part of Rev. Mr. Lothrop's great 
lot. The old house was taken downiJ^1803, by his son Jonathan, 
and the dwelling house of the late George Davis stands on the 

same spot. He married, in 1723, Rebecca , and' had a- 

large family, the record of which on the town books is imperfect, 
and the deficiencies are supplied from the Church records. He 
joined the East Church, and was baptized March 21, 1773, at the 
age of 72. He died Jan. 4, 1782, aged 81, and his wife Rebecca 
Nov. 28, 1769, aged 60. Both have monuments in the grave yard 
near the Unitarian Meeting House. 

Children born in Barnstable. 

49. I. Prince, Nov. 17, 1724, married Sarah Coleman, Feb. 
15, 1750. 

50. II. Ann, Dec. 13, 1726, married Benjamin Cobb, May 17, 

51. III. Isaac, Sept. 14, 1729, married Hannah Davis, Jan. 16, 

52. IV. Rebecca, Feb. 26, 1731, married Benjamin Childs, Jr., 
Nov. 6, 1751. 

53. V. Susannah, May 14, 1734, married Solomon Otis, Jr. 

54. VI. Sarah, Jan. 20, 1737, married Jonathan Bacon, Jr., 

May 13, 1755. 

55. VII. Stephen, baptized Aug. 17, 1740. 

56. VIII. Abigail, baptized May 15, 1743. 

57. IX. Thankful, baptized Oct. 26, 1746, married Samuel 

58. X. Jonathan, baptized Oct. 1, 1749, married Susannah 

(21-1) Dea. Robert Davis, son of Joseph, resided in Barn- 
stable, and lived where the late Nath'l Holmes's house now 


stands. He had a Cooper's Shop, and was a part of his life 
captain of the Barnstable and Boston packet. He was much 
employed in town affairs and was often one of the selectmen. 
He was a man of sound judgment, and held in esteem by all who 
knew him. He married, Oct. 8, 1719, Jane Annable. He has no 
children recorded on the town or church records. He died June 
1, 1765, aged 69, and his wife Jane Nov. 27, 1766, aged 66. 
In his will he devises his estate to James, son of his brother 
Gersham Davis. 

(22-2) Joseph Davis, son of Josiah, I persume, died young 
— I find no notice of him on the records. 

(23-3) James Davis, son of Joseph, married, Jan. 4, 1727-8, 
Thankful, daughter of Joseph Hinckley of West Barnstable. She 
died Aug. 20, 174.5, aged 38, and her ^husband about the same 
time, leaving a family of seven children, who were brought up 
by their grandfather Hinckley. 

Children horn in Barnstable. 

59 I. Hannah, baptized July 4, 1729, died young. 

60. II. Hannah, May 31, 1731, married twice. 

61. III. Joseph, Aug. 15, 1733, married twice. 

62. IV. Benjamin, June 27, 1635, married Patience Bacon, May 
19, 1757. 

63. V. Eunice, Aug. 8, 1737, married Jones of Hing- 


64. VI. Thankful, Nov. 7, 1739, married Joseph Palmer of 
Falmouth, Dec. 6, 1765. 

65. VII. James, March 6, 1741, married Reliance Cobb. 

66. Vin. David, Jan. 4, 1743. 

67. IX. Barnabas, died young. 

(24-4) Dea. Gersham Davis, son of Joseph, born in Barn- 
stable 5th Sept. 1702, was a farmer, and was a man of good 
standing. His house stood where Capt. Pierce's house now stands, 
at the north-west corner of the great lot laid out to Thomas Lum- 
bard. He married thrice. First, Feb. 24, 1725-6, Elizabeth Sturgis, 
daughter of Samuel, she died June 6, 1727, aged 21. He married 
2d Mary, daughter of Joseph Hinckley of West Barnstable, 
Sept. 23, 1731. He married for his third wife, in 1757, Thankful 
Skiff of Sandwich. He died May 6, 1790, in the 88th year of his 

Children horn in Barnstable. 

68. I. James, June 2, 1727, married Jean Bacon, Oct. 3, 

69. II. Eobert, July 12, 1732, and died soon. 

70. III. Samuel, Sept. 13, 1734, married Mary Gorham, Jr., 
Dec. 22, 1757. 


71. IV. Elizabeth, Aug. 12, 1736, married Josepli Crocker, 
Jr., Jan. 12, 1758. 

72. V. Mary, Dec. 5, 1740. 

73. VI. Abigail, July 12, 1744, died voung. 

74. VII. Abigail, July 12, 1746. 

75. VIII. Mercy, Feb. 4, 1748, died young. 

(28-8) Hon Daniel Davis, son of Joseph, born in Barnstable 
28th Sept. 1713, was Judge of Probate, and held other offices of 
trust and responsibility. He resided in the house afterwards 
occupied by his son Dr. John Davis and now owned by Daniel Cobb, 
a descendant in the female line. He was an active man, and an 
ardent patriot during the Revolution. He often represented the 
town in the General Court, was on committees, and performed 
much labor. As I have hjid occasion to remark in a former arti- 
cle, at the commencemeBt of the Revolutionary struggle, he was 
inclined to take sides with the radical portion of the whigs ; but 
was afterwards more conservative in his views. Barnstable had 
not a more devoted patriot than Daniel Davis. He married 
Mehitable, ' daughter of Thomas Lothrop. The land on which 
Daniel Davis built his house, was a part of the original allotment 
to Joseph Lothrop, the father of Thomas. He married for his 
second wife, July 7, Mehitable Sturgis, noticed below. Hon. 
Daniel Davis died 22d April, 1799, aged 85 years, 6 months, and 
13 days. 

CMldren horn in Barnstable. 

76. I. Mary, Axjril 29, 1740. 

77. II. Daniel, Oct. 10, 1741. 

78. III. Robert, March 27, 1743. 

79. IV. John, Oct. 7, 1744. 

80. V. Deborah, Aug. 13, 1746, married, Oct. 6, 1765, Josiah 

81. VI. Thomas, Aug. 24, 1748. 

82. VII. Desire, March 27, 1750, married Freeman Parker. 

83. VIII. Ansel, March 13, 1752. 

84. IX. Experience, July 11, 1754, married Joseph Annable. 

85. X. Mehitable, July 11, 1756. 

86. XI. Lothrop, lost at sea, no issue. 

87. XII. Daniel, May 8, 1762. 

(29-1) Thomas Davis, son of Capt. John, born Oct. 1, 1706, 
married Nov. 17, 1726, Susannah Sturgis, daughter of Edward. 
He had a daughter Susy baptized in the East Church April 17, 
1737. He died April 9, 1738, and his widow married, Aug. 12, 
1739, Mr. Elisha Gray of Harwich. 

(30-2) John Davis, son of Capt. John, born Sept. 8, 1708, 
married, Feb. 5, 1720-30, Abigail Otis,.and second Anna Allen, 
March 23, 1736. He had sons. Josiah and John, and daughter 
Martha, baptized in the East Church April 25, 1742. 


(33-6) Solomon, son of Capt. John, born June 24, 1715, was 
a merchant and resided in Boston. During the siege he removed 
his family to Barnstable. He was an intimate friend of Gov. 
Hancock. In 1791 he was dining with his Excellency in company 
with some of the rare wits of the day, John Kowe, Joseph Balch, 
and others, Mr. Davis made some witty remark, which induced 
Mr. Balch to say to him, "Well, Davis, you had better go home 
now and die, for you will never say as good a thing as that again." 
On his way home he was taken suddenly ill, and sat down on the . 
steps of King's Chapel, from whence he was removed to his hduse 
in the vicinity, where he shortly after died. 

Solomon Davis married Jan. 29, 175X), Elizabeth Wendell of 
Portsmouth, N. H. She died at Plymouth Feb. 20, 1777, aged 
about 47. She was the mother of all his children. He married, 
Nov. 18, 1777, her sister Catharine Wendell,. who died April 7, 
1808, aged 66. He died June 6, 1791, aged 76. , 

His children were : 1, John, born May 19, 1753 ; 2, Solomon, 
Sept. 25, 1754, died at sea Sept. 1789 ; 3, Edward, Dec. 18, 1765, 
died at sea Nov. 11, 1708 ; 4, Thomas, July 26, 1757, died at 
Falmouth, Eng., Oct. 10, 1775 ; 5, Elizabeth, Oct. 14, 1758, died 
Aug. 14, 1833. (She married Dr. David Townsend May 24, 178o, 
^d was the mother of Dr. Solomon Davis Townsend of Boston.) 
6, Mehitable, July 14, 1760, died Oct. 28, 1761 ; 7, Henry, Oct. 
8, 1761, died March 15, 1762; 8, Josiah, Sept. S4, 1763, died 
June 29, 1777, buried at Barnstable; 9, Isaac, April 2,1765, 
married Elizabeth Fellows, died Dec. 5, 1800, at Hartford, Conn, ; 
10, William, April 26, 1768, married Martha Harris, he died Sept. 
14, 1804, at Dorchester. Solomon Davis has descendants living 
in Boston, and other places, Gustavus F. Davis president of the 
City Bank, Hartford, Conn., is a descendant of Isaac Davis of 
Boston and many others of note. 

Dr Solomon Davis Townsend of Boston, son of Elizabetii 
Davis, born March 1, 1793, married his cousin, a daughter of 
Edward Davis, and is now three score years and ten. He was 
consulting surgeon to the Massachusetts General Hospital fronl 
1835 to 1839, and Acting Surgeon frdm 1839. to 1863, when be 
tendered his resignation of the place he had so long and honorably 
filled. In the resolutions adopted by the Trustees of the Hospital, 
they expressed their high appreciation of his long, faithful and 
valuable, services, of his generous devotion to the interest of that 
institution, of his professional skill, of his ability, sound judg- 
ment, assiduity and kindness, and his consistent and gentlemanly 

(34-6) Mehitable Davis, daughter of Capt. John, born in 
Barnstable Aug.. 10, 1717, was a remarkable woman, and deserv- 
ing of especial note. She married four husbands, all men of 
character, influence and respectability, namely : 


At 23 she married, April 9, 1741, Dr. James Hersey, a native 
of Hingham, a man of learning and skillful in his profession. By 
him she had a son Ezekiel, born Jan. 14, 1741-2. He died July 
22, 1741, aged 26. His first wife was.Lydia Gorham, whom he 
married July 27, 1737. She had a son James, bom Nov. 9, 1738, 
and she died Nov. 9, 1740. Dr. James Hersey owned that por- 
tion of the Dimmoek farm on which the fortification house stood, 
and whether he resided in that, or in a house that formerly stood 
a little west of the present residence of Asa Young, Esq., 1 cannot 
say. Dr. James was succeeded in his practice by his brother, Dr. 
Abner Hersey, a curious compound of good sense and eccen- 

2d, at 26, she married, Oct. 21, 1744, John Russell, son of 
Dr. John of Barnstable. By him she had one son John, whose 
birth is not recorded. The father died Aug. 1, 1748, aged 24. 
The son was baptized Sept. 4, 1748, on the day his widowed 
mother was admitted to the East Church. He was captain of the 
marines on board the ill fated private armed ship Gen. Arnold, 
Capt. James Magee, lost in Plymouth Harbor Dec. 26, 1778, when 
nearly all on board perished. Though a strong, robust man, he 
was one of the first who perished. On his. monument in Plymouth 
church vard it is stated that'he was then 31, if &o, he was born 
in 1747.' 

3d, at 37, on the 9th of May, 1754, she became the second 
wife of John Sturgis, Esq., of Barnstable. By him she had Sarah, 
whose birth is recorded with sufBcient particularity, namely : at 
"3 1-2 o'clock A. M., Thursday, April 17, 1755, and baptized on 
the Sunday following;" and John baptized March 19, 1758. 
John Sturgis, Esq., died Aug. 10, 1759, aged 56. 

4th, at 44, she married, July 7, 1761, her relative, Hon. 
Daniel Davis, and again assumed her maiden name. By him she 
had one son, Daniel, born May 8, 1762. 

Her daughter Sarah married the late Mr. Isaiah Parker of 
West Barnstable, had a family and lived to be aged. John was a 
graduate of Harvard College, and died early. Her son Daniel 
was Solieiter General, and a distinguished man. She survived all 
her husbands, but at last "the woman died also," namely : on the 
aged 87 years. 

Her son, Hon. Daniel Davis, married-Lois Freeman, daughter 
of Constant Freeman, and sister of the Rev. James Freeman of 
the Stone Chapel, Boston, and had a large family. Louisa, the 
eldest daughter, married William Minot, Esq., of Boston. Rear 
Admiral Charles Henry Davis, of the U. S. Navy, is his youngest 

(35-7) Capt. William Davis owned the house and estate 
which was his father's. He was a sea captain, and died in 1759, 
aged forty years. 


He married Feb. 2, 1745, Martha, daughter of Timothy 
Crocker, Esq., of Barnstable. She died Dec. 2, 1772, aged 67. 

Children horn in Barnstable. 

1, Mehitable, March 4, 1746, married Benjamin Gorham, Jr., 
(called Young Fiddler) a. man of more wit than sound judgment ; 
2, William, born Jan. 18, 1748, was clerk in the store of his uncle 
Solomon in Boston, and died unmarried at the age of 24, of 
yellow fever; 3, Catharine, born April 29, 1761, married Stephen 
Hall of Sandwich; 4, Elizabeth, born April 13, 1755, married 
Eleazer Cobb, Sen'r, and inherited half of her father's house 
where she resided; 5, Martha, born Aug. 19, 1758, (she was 
always called Patty) married John Cobb, who bought the 
Nathaniel Bacon, Jr., house, and had a family. Mrs. Hetty 
Davis Hallett, widow of Andrews, is her daughter ; 6, Ruth, born 
Jan. 24, 1763, married Capt. Thomas Gray of Yarmouth; 7, 
Jesse, who died aged 2 years. 

(36-8) Josiah Davis, son of Capt. John, born Feb. 19, 1722. 
Of this Josiah Davis I have no certain information. 

(40-1) Ebenezer, son of the 2d Josiah, born 19th June, 1713. 
Of Ebenezer I have no certain intelligence. I think he removed 
to Maine. 

(42'-3) Josiah Davis, son of 2d Josiah, born Aug. 2, 1718, 
married, in 1745, Thankful Matthews ; and May 3, 1760, Thankful 
Gorham. He resided in the house which was his father's, and sold 
the same, on his removal to Gorham, to the late Mr. James 
Davis. He had Josiah and Thankful baptized June 6, 1756; 
Mary, Sept. 3, 1759 ; Josiah, Oct. 11, 1761, and three children 
born in Gorham, in 1773, 1776 and 1780. . 

(49-1) Prince Davis, son of Stephen, Jr., born Nov. 17, 
1724, was a house carpenter. He resided in Barnstable till 1760, , 
when he removed to Gorham, Maine, of which town he was a 
proprietor in the right of his grandfather Josiah, who was a 
soldier in the Company of Capt. John Gorham in King Phillip's 
war in 1675. Mr. Prince Davis early joined the East Church in 
Bai'nstable, and continued to be a church member after his removal 
east. At Gorham his name appears as one of the selectmen, and 
in church affairs he was a prominent man. He was married by 
Rev. Mr. Green, Feb. 17, 1749-50, to Sarah Coleman, daughter of 
James, of Barnstable. The births of his children are not on the 
town records. He died in Gorham in 1809, aged 85 years, and 
his wife in 1804. He had five . children born in Barnstable, four 
baptized Oct. 9, 1757, namely, Elijah^ Edward, Prudence and 
Alice, and Temperance baptized Nov. 18, 1759 ; and five born in 
Gorham, namely, Isaac, March 27, 1762'; David, Oct. 20, 1764; 
Rebecca, July 15, 1766; Thomas, May 14, 1768; and Jonathan 
. Jnlv 10, 1770. 


Elijah married Pbebe Hopkins April 8, 1780; Prudence 
married Josiah Jenkins June 15, 1776, and died 1836; Alice 
married Enoch Frost April 22, 1779, and died 1802 ; Temperance 
married Da\'id Harding June 23, 1781, and died 1810 ; Isaac did 
not marry, died in 1738; David married Martha Watson March 
17,1788; Rebecca married Geo. Knight March 14, 1789, died 
June 18, 1836'; Thomas did not marry ; Jonathan married Mary 
April 10, 1796.* 

(51-3) Isaac Davis, son of Stephen, Jr., born Sept. 14, 
1729, married Hannah Davis, daughter of James. His house 
was on the north-easterly part of Thomas Lumbert's great lot, on 
the south side of the road, opposite his grand-father's house. He 
had a son, and a daughter Rebecca baptized' Aug. 3, 1755, and 
another daughter of the same name baptized Jan. 15, 1768, and a 
son Isaac born Dec. 3, 1764. The latter married Abigail Gorham, 
and had Stephen G., Cashier of the Shawmut Bank, Boston, 
Frederick of Falmouth, and others. The widow Hannah, of the 
first Isaac, married, June 17, 1783, Col. David .Gorham, she died 
Oct. 3, 1810, aged 79 yrs. and 3 mos. 

(58-10) Jonathan Davis, son of Stephen, Jr., born in Barn- 
stable, baptized Oct. 1, 1749, married Susannah Lewis, born the 
same day, Sept. 27, 1749, or rather within a few hours of each 
other. He went to sea in early life, and was in after life a 
farmer. He had sons Stephen, Solomon, and George, and a 
daughter Susannah yet living. Stephenwas a carpenter, removed 
to Falmouth, and lived to be aged, and has descendants there. 
Solomon was a carpenter, died a young man, and has descendants 
in Dennis. George was a shoemaker, and resided on the paternal 
estete, and died Nov. 6, 1847, aged 68, leaving one son, the pre- 
sent Mr. Isaac Davis. He being now the sole representative on 
the voting list of Barnstable, of the many Davis families of that 
town. Mr. Jonathan Davis died Sept. 22, 1840, aged 90. She 
died Sept. 25, 1841, aged 91 years. 

(61-3) Joseph Davis, son of James, born Aug. 16, 1733, was 
a tanner and currier and resided in a house that stood near where 
the first Robert's stood. He married first Lucretia Thatcher Nov. 
17, 1763, and bad Phebe, Rebecca, who married Job Gorham, 
Elisha Thatcher, Mary, Lucretia, Joseph and Benjamin. By his 
second wife, Mary Bacon, John, Lucretia and Abner. 

John, (father of Joseph and Barnabas of Boston) built a 
house near where the first Josiah Davis house stood. Abner 
(father of Adolphus and James W., of Boston,) inherited the 
paternal mansion. He was a lawyer, and Clerk of the Courts. 
Elisha Thacher was a tanner and shoe maker, died a young man, 

* Manuscript letter of .Josiah Pierce, Esq., author of her history, of Gorham, Maine. 
The climate of Maine seems to agree with the Davis fanjily. Prince has more descendants 
than his nine brothers and sisters. 


leaving a large family of young children. His widow lived to 
great age. 

(62-4) Benjamin Davis, son of James, married, May 19, 
1754, Patience Bacon. 

(66-7) James Davis, son of James, married Reliance Cobb. 
He had James, David, and others. James removed to Boston, was 
a brass founder, acquired a large estate, and died very suddenly in 
1862, aged 84. 

(68-1) James Davis, son of Dea. Gersham, married, Oct. 3, 
1745, Jean Bacon. His uncle, Dea. Robert Davis, made him his 
heir. His children were: 1, Elizabeth, July 2, 1746 ; 2, Elizabeth 
again, March 25, 1748; 3, Jean, April 24, 1760; 4, Patience, 
June 13,' 1752; 5, Desire, Oct. 22, 1754; 6, Joseph, Sept. 19, 
1757; 7, Robert, June 30, 1760; 8, Hannah, Dec. 19, 1762; 9, 
James, Jan. 19, 1767 ; baptized May 5, 1765 ; and Desire baptized 
Sept. 20, 1772. 

C70-3) Samuel Davis, son of Dea. Gersham, married, Dec. 
23, 1759, Mary Gorham, Jr., and had Ebeuezer baptized July 6, 
1760 ;, Samuel, July 4, 1762; Mary, Sept. 25, 1763; Ebenezer, 
Feb. 17, 1765; Prince, May 17, 1767; William, June 9, 1771. 
This familv removed to Gorham, where they had Elizabeth April 
14, 1777. " 

(79-4) Hon. John Davis, son of Daniel, born Oct. 7, 1744. 
He practiced medicine many years, was Judge of Probate, and held 
many responsible offices. He was a mild, pleasant man, not inherit- 
ing the energy of character for which his father was distinguished. 
He resided in the early part of his life in the house now standing 
that was Col. Davis Gorham's. -After the decease of his father he 
removed to the paternal mansion, where he continued to reside till 
his death. He was afflicted with cancer on the nose which nearly 
destroyed that organ. He had a large family. The late Hon. Job 
C. Davis was his son, who married Desire Loring daughter of Otis 
Loring — had 12 children. 

In 1643, five of the name of Davis were "able to bear arms" in 
Barnstable, viz : Dolar or Dollard and his sons John, Nicholas. 
Simon, and Samuel,; and in Yarmouth, Robert Davis, afterwards of 
Barnstable. Dr. Palfrey informed Mr. Savage that the graves of the 
ancestors of Dolar Davis were at Bennefield, Northamptonshire, 
and that was probably his native town. -He married as early as 
1618, Margery, daughter of Richard Willard, of Horsmonden, in 
the Counl^ of Kent, where all his sons were born, and perhaps his 
daughter Mary. He came over in 1634, in company with his 
brother-in-law, Major Simon Willard, a man of note in the history 
of the Massachusetts Colony. He stopped first at Cambridge, a nd 
in 1635 was one of the first settlers, and had a house lot on Water 
street. He sold his lands in Cambridge in 1636, and removed. He 


was also one of the proprietors of the lands in Concord. In 1638 
he was of Duxbury. April 6, 1640, lands and meadows were granted 
to hina and others, at North Hill, in that town, and on the 31st of 
August following, he had granted to him fifty acres of upland, and a 
proportion of meadows on the Namassaeuset river. May, 1641, he 
was bondsman for George Willard of Scituate, and is called of 
that town. 

August, 1643, he and his sons were included among those able 
to bear arms in Barnstable. He probably came to Barnstable in 
1639 with the first settlers, though he did not make it the place of 
his permanent residence until 1642 or 3. He was a carpenter, and 
a raa.ster builder ; his son John was also a carpenter, and his sons 
Nicholas, Simon, and Samuel, probably assisted their father. This 
fact furnishes an explanation of his frequent removals from place to 
place. In the new settlements he found more employment than in the 
older. It did not, however, require much time to construct the 
rude dwellings of our ance.stors. In 1643 William Chase built the 
house of Andrew Hallett, Jr., finding all the materials, and delivered 
it "latched, thatched and daubed" for the sum of £5. Some of the 
first settlers put up substantial frame houses, like that of Nathaniel 
Bacon, which has been described ; but generally they were as rudely 
and as cheaply constructed as Andrew Hallett, Jr's. The chimneys 
were of rough stone, and above tlie mantel piece, which was always 
of wood, they were often only cob-walls, that is 'built with small 
sticks and clay. The roofs were thatched, and oiled paper was 
often a substitute for glass. They were not plastered — the cracks 
were "daubed," that is filled up with clay or mortar. The hardware 
and nails required, were furnished by the blacksmith. Saw mills 
had been built at Scituate, and the lumber for the best houses came 
from that town ; but at first the boards required were sawed by hand, 
or hewn from split logs. 

Houses of this description, having only one large room on the 
lower floor, whether one or one-half stories high, were quickly and 
cheaply built. 

Neither Dolar Davis or his sons were anfibitious of political 
distinction. In 1642 he was on the jury of trials, in 1645 a grand 
juror ; but was excused from serving on account of sickness, in 
1652 surveyor of highways, and in 1654 constable. 

In 1655 he removed to Concord, Massachusetts. He was one 
of the original proprietors of Groton, and he and Mr. Thomas 
Hinckley of Barnstable, were of the first Board of Selectmen 
appointed by the Legislature May 28, 1655, and to hold office two 
years. The Selectmen managed the prudential affairs of the town, 
laid out the lands • into lots, and disposed of them to the first 

In 1656, Dolar Davis was a resident at Concord, and in receipt 
dated April 9, of that year, calls himself of that town. In a deed 


executed in that town July 17, 1658, describes himself as a house 
carpenter late of Barnstable. Feb. IG, 1667-8, he had returned to 
Barnstable, where he died June 1673, aged about 80 years. 

Dolar Davis' house lot was the most northerly on the east side of 
the ancient Mill Way. discontinued in 1669. In his deed to Abra- 
ham Blush, dated July 17, 1658, he says, "all my house lott of 
lands lying by a place commonly called Old Mill Or'eek," containing 
two acres, and was bounded northerly by his own meadow in the Mill 
Pond, easterly partly upon Mr. Dimmock marsh, and partly upon 
his own land ; southerly, partly on the common, and partly by 
Goodman Huckins, and westerly, partly on Goodman Huckics and 
partly by Nicholas Davis. His house stood not far from the water 
mill built by the first settlers on the spot where the present mill 

He also owned three lots of land at Stony Cove, containing 
twelve acres, ten acres of meadow on the north ot his house lot, and 
on the opposite side of Mill Creek, twelve acres in the old common- 
field, and a lot of four acres adjoining his houselot on the south-east, 
bounded westerly partly upon the common, and partly by his own 
land, easterly by Nicholas Davis, northerly by Mr. Dimmock's 
marsh, and southerly by Goodman Foxwell's land. 

The above described lands and meadow he sold to Abraham 
Blush, by deed dated 17th July, 1658. The common land named in 
the above description, consisted of two acres of swamp, a little dis- 
tance north-west of the Agricultural Hall, afterwards granted to 
John Davie, and by him sold to Abraham Blush. 

Dolar Davis' great lot of sixty acres, "butted easterly upon the 
Indian Pond, westerly into the commons, bounded southerly by John 
Crocker, northerly by Henry Brown." This he sold to Mr. Thomas 
Allen, who re-sold .the same 22d Feb. 1665, to Roger Goodspeed. 

The causeway across Mill Creek to the Common Field, which 
was then, and now is, the mill dam. Mill Creek is frequently 
named in the description of the lands and meadows in the vicinity ; 
but the owners of the Mill are not named in the earliest records now 
.extant. Nicholas Davis owned the land adjoining the spot on 
which the Mill .stood. No description of his lands except the grant 
made to him by the Indifin Sachem at Hyannis, is found on the town 
records. After his death his lands were set off to his creditors, and 
no particular description is given. John Bacon, Esq., was an early 
owner in the mill, and was part owner of the landing or dock on 
the west side of the mill formerly owned by Nicholas Davis, and 
yet the property of the Bacons. Dolar Davis sold his farm, includ- 
ing his dwelling-house arid meadows, for £75. Nicholas Davis' real 
estate, not ini;luding the twelve acres sold to John Bacon, or the 
Caleb Lumbert farm which was set off to his widow as her portion, 
was apprised at £180. He did not own sO'Tnany acres as his father, 
and it is evident that the superior value of his property consisted in 


the buildings and improvements thereon. He had a warehouse at 
Hyaunis, the first building erected by the English at South Sea, and 
a warehouse on his lot at Mill Creek.. The latter contained not 
more than two acres, and on this there was, sixty years ago, a large 
and valuable frame dwelling-house, built in the style of the first 
comers. In absence of all evidence to the contrary, the presumption 
is that this* ancient house and the Mill, were originally the property 
of Nicholas Davis. 

Perhaps among all the families which came to New England, 
not one can be selected more deserving. of our esteem and uuquaiified 
approbation than that of Dolar Davis. As a man, he was honest, 
industrious, and prudent ; as a Christian, tolerant and exact in the 
performance cf his leligious duties; as a neighbor, kind, obliging, 
and ever ready to help those who needed his assistance, and as a father 
and the head of his family, he was constantly solictious for the 
welfare of all its members^ cultivating kindly feelings and 
amenities of life, which render home delightful. His sons and his 
grand-sons followed in his footsteps. They were men whose charac- 
ters stand unblemished. It is pleasant to read their wills on record, 
and note the affection with which they speak .of the members of 
their families, and their desire to provide not only for their immediate 
wants, but for the future prospective misfortunes or necessities of 
any of their kindred. The latter remark, however, will apply more 
particulaily to Samuel, of whom a more particular account will 
be given. 

The family of Dolar Davis is for convenience of" reference 
arranged in a regular genealogical series, in order to distinguish 
between members of this tamily, and that of Robert of the same 
Christian name. I call Nicholas a son of Dolar. If I am asked to 
point to the record of the fact I cannot. Many circumstances show 
that they were near relatives. The fact that Nicholas was a favorite 
name among the descendants of Dolar who joined the Quakers, that 
the house lots of Dolar and Nicholas were parts of the same orij^inal 
lot, and other circumstances, have induced me to call Nicholas the 
son of Dolar. 

1. I. Dolar Davis, carpenter, married first Margery Willard', 
daughter of Richard Willard of Horsmonden, County of Kent, 
in England. He came over in 1634:. His first wife probably 
died in Concord. He married for his second wife Joanna, 
widow of John Bursley, and daughter of Rev. Joseph Hall. 
He died in. 1673, and names in his will dated Sept. 12, 1672, 
his children, then living. Nicholas was then dead, and left no 
children . 

2. I. John, born in England, married Hannah Linnell 15th 
March, 1648. 

3. II. Nicholas, borft-in England, married Mary or Sarah. 

4. HI. Simon, born in England, married Mary Blood, 12th 


Dec. 1660. 

5. IV. Samuel, born in England, married Mary Meads llth 
Jan. 1665. 

6. V. Mary, born in England, married Thomas Lewis, June 
15, 1653. 

7. VI. Ruth, born in Barnstable, baptized 24th March, 1644, 
married, Dec. 3, 1663, Stepen Hall, son of widow Mary 
of Concord. He afterwards removed to Stowe, was repre- 
sentative in 1689. 

John Davis was a house carpenter and was one of the three 
last survivors of the first settlers. His houselot, containing eight 
acres, was the first on the west of Baker's Lane,, now called 
Hyannis road. The lot was originally laid out to Edward 
Fitzrandolph, 'who sold the same in 1649 to John Chipman ; but 
the deed was not executed till Aug. 13, 1669, and was never 
recorded.* John Davis' deed of the same lot recorded in the 
Barnstable town records is dated Oct. 15, 1649, and signed by 
John Scudder. 

Jan. 14, 1658, he sold six acres of his houselot to Samuel 
Normon, bounded northerly by his little fenced field, easterly by 
the Hyannis road, southerly by the woods, and westerly by the 
land of Mr. Wm. Sergeant. On the 26th of February, 1665, 
Norman re-conveyed this land, with his dwelling house thereon, 
to John Davis ; but the land yet retains the name of Norman's 
Hill. He also owned thirteen acres on the east side of the Hyan- 
nis road, bounded northerly "upon Mrs. Hallet's set of," easterly 
by Mrs. Hallett, westerly by the Hyannis road ; and an addition 
of five acres on the south, extending on both sides of the Hyannis 
road. He also owned three acres in the old, and two acres in the 
new common-field, half an acre on the north side of the County 
road, opposite his house, improved as an orchard and garden, and 
a quarter of an acre bought of Henry Cobb near where David 
Bursley's house now stands, four acres of meadow at Sandy Neclr, 
and two acres within the present dyke, bounded westerly by 
Rendevous Creek. 

In his will, dated May 10, 1701, proved April 9, 1703, he 
bequeaths to his "eldest son John all that parcel of upland and 
swamp that he now possesses and dwells on contained within his 
fence on the eastward side of the highway that leads up into the 
woods, estimated to be about fourteen acres, upon condition that 
he shall pay £30 in money to my executors as shall be hereafter 
ordered. And what he hath already paid to be deducted out of 
ye said £30. 

*I refer here to an original deed which I have in my possession. Another deed of the 
same property dated June 1, 1649, to John Chipman was recorded that year- Why two 
were p^iven of the same property is not easily explained. They are not exact copies. 
Perhaps the one I have, wa.=! given to correct some error in the first. 


Itt— I give and bequeath to my daughter Mercy for her tender 
care and labor past done for me and her mother, £20 in money, 
and £5 a year so long as she continues to attend me and her 
mother, or the longest liver — her diet, washing, and lodging, in 
the family with her brother Benjamin; 1 cow and heifer, 2 sheep, 
2 swine, and at her mother's decease, 1-2 the household stuff and 
bedding forever, and the southward end of the house so long as 
she shall live a single life. 

Names son Samuel, to whom he gives 1 yoke of Oxen and a 
great chain. Son Benjamin, to whom he gives nearly all his 
estate in consideration of his taking care of him and his mother 
during life. 

Names sons Dollar, Timothy, Jabez, daughters Ruth Linnell, 
Hannah Jones' 5 children, son John's four eldest sons, grand- 
daughter Mary G=oodspeed, grand-son Joseph Davis, Daughter 
Mary Hinckley. Benjamin Davis, Executor. 

Signed with his mark, J. D. 
Witness — Joseph Lothrop, James Cobb, Samuel S. Sergeant, (his 

mark) . 
Appraisers — James Lewis, Jeremiah Bacon, Edward Lewis. 

Am't of Inventory 268,12,4. " 

Nicholas Davis came to Barnstable with his father, and was 
able to bear arms in 1643. Judge Sewall says he favored the 
Quakers at their first coming, though he did not embrace their 
principles till after 1657, when he took the oath of fidelity. He 
was a trader, built a warehouse at South Sea, the first building 
erected by the English in that part of the town. His accounts 
show that he dealt more with the Indians than was for his profit, 
and that the gift of land to him by the Sachem Hianna, was not 
in the end a good bargain. 

June 1656, he was in the court at Plymouth when the Sand- 
wich men were convicted and fined for refusing to take the oath of 
fidelity, and was a witness of the unjust usages to which they 
had been subjected by the cruelty of the under Marshal Barlow. 
He was indignant and attempted to speak, saying "That he was a 
witness for the Lord against their oppression," and was about to 
say wherein, when he was put down, and committed to prison ; 
but was soon released. 

In the same month he went to Boston to settle with those 
with whom he had traded, and pay some debts. He was there 
arrested, sent to prison to remain till the sitting of the court of 
Assistants. His fellow prisoners were William Robinson, a mer- 
chant of London, and Marmaduke Stevenson of Yorkshire, 
Quaker preachers, and Patience Scott of Providence, a little girl 
eleven years old. He was kept in prison till Sept. 12, 16.79, 
when he was liberated on the consideration if found within the 
colony of Massachusetts after the 14th of that month he should 


suffer death. The two Quaker preachers who were confined did 
not leave the Colony within the time prescribed, were again 
arrested, and afterwards hung on Boston Common. 

On the 6th of October following the Plymouth Colony Court 
ordered the notorious Marshal Barlow "to repair to the house of 
William Newland and Ralph Allen of Sandwich, and Nicholas 
Davis of Barnstable, to make search in any part of their houses, 
or in any of the chests or trunks of the above said, or elsewhere, 
for papers or writings that were false, scandalous, and pernicious 
to the government, and return such as they may find to the court." 
As no retm-n appears to have been made, it is presumed no such 
papers were found. 

Nicholas Davis continued his business in Barnstable till 1670. 
In the spring of 1672 he was a resident of Newport, where he 
traded, but it does not appear that he had permanently removed 
from Barnstable. He was drowned before 9th Aug. 1672. His 
wife Sarah administered on his estate at Newport. Maj. John 
Walley administered on his estate in Massachusetts. 

It does not appear that Nicholas Davis was a member of the 
Society pf Friends. His name does not appear on the records of 
the Sandwich Monthly Meeting, yet he probably was a member at 
the time of his removal to Rhode Island, otherwise Roger 
Williams in his big book against the Quakers, would not have 
boasted, that in his public conference, with the friends of George 
Fox, that he made good use of the event that Nicholas Davis, one 
of their leading men, was drowned. 

Nicholas Davis owned a large real estate in Barnstable. 
Hianna, the Sachem, gave him a tract of land on the inlet now 
called Lewis' Bay. The boundaries are indefinite ; it included 
the land where Timothy Baker's store now stands, and on which 
he erected a warehouse. t He traded at New York, Connecticut, 
and Rhode Island, and his goods were landed at Hyannis and 

t To all persons to whom these presents shall coni6, know yee that I, Yanno Sachem of 
a certaine tract of lands lying and being att the South See, in the presincts of Barnstable, in 
the GoTemment of New Plymouth, in New England, in America, have for divers good 
reasons mee moving freely and absolutely given, granted, enfeofed, and confirmed, and by 
these presents do giye, graunt, enfeof, and confirm unto Nicholas Davis, of Barnstable, 
aforeeaid merchant a certaine p sell of the said lands lying att the South Sea aforesaid, 
commonly called by the name of Sam's Neck, bounded northerly by the lands of Barnstable 
- bought of mee, the said Yanno, at the head of the river where the said Nicholas Davis hath 
now erected a warehouse, and from thence extending to the head of the river, westerly 
where the ludians were wont to dwell in winter, extending southerly over the mouth of the 
said river to the sea, and bounded westerly partly by the said river and partly by the lands 
of Barnstable, and bounded easterly by the harbor, commonly called Yanno's harbor. 

The mark (Ixj ) of Yanno. 

And a fseale]. 
Yanno Sachem above said, personally appeared before mee and acknowledged this to be 
his acte and deed. 

Atttest, THOMAS HINCKLEY, Assistant. 
Wattanwassan, the eldest son of the said Yanno, appeared before mee and acknowl- 
edged his &ee consent to this above said deed of gift. 

The above deed is dated October 26th, 1666, and recorded in Plymouth Colony Becords 
Book of Deeds Vol. 3, Pago 61. 

WM. S. RUSSELL, keeper of said record. 


transported across the Cape. Oysters were at that ti-ne very 
abundant and Davis bought them, put up in barrels, of the 
Indians and others, and shipped them from Hyannis. In early 
times the "making of Oysters," as the packing of them is called 
in the will of Benjamin Bearse, was a considerable business. 
Many of the Oysters packed were probably brought from the 
vicinity of Oyster Island. 

He also owned two acres of land on the west of his father's 
land, where the late Dea. Joseph Chipman lived, including the 
landing and the land around the water mill, which was then proba- 
bly his property. On his land he had a dwelling house which 
stood where Mr. Maraspin's now does, corresponding in size and 
appearance to that built by Nathaniel Bacon which has been 
described. He also had a warehouse on this lot. He had 
twelve acres of land on the south-east of his father's, sold to 
John Bacon, Esq., and already described. He also bought of 
Caleb Lumbard the easterly part of the great lot of Thomas 
Lumbard, with the house thereon. This was set off to his widow 
as her dower, and was afterwards owned by the descendants of 
Robert Davis. 

(2-1) John Davis, son of Dolar Davis, married by Mr. 
Prince, at Eastham, March 15, 1648, to Hannah, daughter of Mr. 
Robert Linnell of Barnstable. He died 1703. 
Children horn in Barnstable. 

8. I. John, born 15th Jan. 1649-50, married three wives. 

9. II. Samuel, born 15th Dec. 1651, died unmarried 1711. 

10. III. Hannah, married Jedediah Jones. 

11. IV. Mary, born 3d Jan. 1753-4, married 1st, B. Good- 
speed, 1676, 2d, John Hinckley, Nov. 24, 1697. 

12. V. Joseph, born June 1656, married Mary Claghorn, 
March 28, 1682. 

13. VI. Benjamin, born June, 1656, died unmarried 1718. 

14. VII. Simon, born 15th July, 1658, died young, no issue 

15. VIII. bolar, born 1st Oct. 1660, married 3d Aug. 1681, 
Hannah Linnell. 

16. IX. Jabez, married Experience Linnell, 20th Aug. 1689. 

17. X. Mercy, unmarried 1718. 

18. XI. Timothy, married Sarah Perry 1690. 

19. XII. Ruth, born 1674, married John Linnell 1695. 

(3-2) Nicholas Davis of Barnstable, probably son of Dolar 
Davis, married, June 1661, Mary or Sarah. There is no record 
of his family on the Barnstable town records. He was drowned 
at Newport before Aug. 9, 1672. 

Children born in Barnstable. 

20. I. A child Feb. 1661-2. 

21. II. Simon, 1656, drowned Feb. 13, 1657-8. 
















(4-3) Simon Davis .of Concord, son of Dolar Davis, married 
12th Dec. 1660, Mary, daughter of James Blood. 
Simon, born 12th Oct. 1661. 
Mary, born 3d Oct. 1663. 
Sarah, born 15th March, 1666. 
James, born 19th June, 1668. 
Ellen, born 22d Oct. 1672. 
Ebenezer, 1676. 
. Hannah, born 1st April 1679. 
(5-4) Samuel Davis of Concord, son of Dolar Davis, married, 
11th Jan. 1665, Mary Meads (or Meddows.) 
29. I. Mary, born Sept. 27, 1666. 
.30. II. Samuel, born 21st June 1669. 

31. III. Daniel, born 16th March 1673. 

32. IV. EUza. 

33. V. Stephen. 

34. VI. Simon, born 9th Aug. 1683. 

(6-5) Thomas Lewis, son of George, married Mary Davis 
15th June 1653, and had James March 1654; Thomas, 15th July 
1656 ; Mary, 2d Nov. 1659 ; Samuel, 14th May 1662. Thomas 
Lewis was probably the first' town clerk of Falmouth, but I am 
not certain. ' ' 

(3-1) John Davis, Jr., son of John, and grandson of Dolar, 

married Ruth Goodspeed 2d Feb. 1674. She died . 2d, 

married Mary Hamlin 22d Feb. 1692, she died Nov. 1698. 3d, 
married Widow Hannah Bacon 1699, widow of Nathaniel. ■ 

35. I. John, last of Nov. 1675, died middle August 1681. 

36. II. Benjamin, 8th Sept. 1679. 

37. III. John, 17th March 1684. 

38. IV. Nathaniel, 17th July 1686. 

39. V. Jabez, baptized 10th May 1691, married Patience 
Crocker, 1727. 

40. VI. Shobal, born, 10th July 1694. 

41. VII. James, 24th March 1696. 

42. VIII. Ebenezer, 13th May 1697. 

43. IX. Nicholas, 12th March 1699. 

44. X. Jedediah, 5th June 1700. 

45. XI. Desire, born May 1705. 

46. XII. Noah, 7th Sept. 1707. 

John Davisi Jr., was a house carpenter. Feb. 21, 1677-8, 
the town granted to him "liberty to set up a shop on a knowl of 
ground over against his house adjoining to his father's fence on 
the other side of the highway.'' In August, 1683, the neighbors 
wanted a watering place in the swamp on the south side of his 
house, and the town agreed to give him five acres of land at the 
head of Samuel Sergeant and Isaac Chapman's lots. That now 
within fence, was afterwards re-sold by the town to Ebenezer 


His father gave him the fourteen acres of land he owned on 
the east of the Hyannis road on which he built a house. He 
removed to Falmouth about the year 1710, and died in 1729, aged 
80, leaving an estate appraised at £1,810. He names his ten sons 
and two daughters, and his wife's daughter, Elizabeth Bacon, in 
his will, which is similar to that of his brothei* Samuel's. He 
orders a fund of £500 to pay legacies, &c. 

(9-2) Samuel Davis, son of John Davis, resided in Barn- 
stable. He did not marry. He died in 1711, leaving a large 
estate for those times. He owned all the land on the south side 
of the road, between the lot which was his father's, and the lane 
next west of the Barnstable R. R. Depot. Dec. 21, 1696, he 
sold lands in Rochester, to Samuel Chipman, for £35. His will 
on record is dated 25th June, 1711, and was proved on the 4th of 
January following. It is one of those wills that please gene- 
alogists. He says : "I freely give unto my brother Benjamin 
Davis, during his natural life, the use and improvement of all the 
uplands and meadows I bought of Isaac Chapman and Samuel 
Sargeant here lying together^butting against the land of Ebene- 
zer Lewis on Potter's Neck, and so up into the ■ woods to the head 
thereof and also, in like manner, to have my woodlot lying above 
the head thereof, and at the decease of my brother Benjamin, 
then my will is that Samuel Davis, son of my brother Jatoez 
Davis, deceased, shall have all the forementioned lands, meadows, 
and woodlot, to him, his heirs and assigns, forever, he or they 
paying three hundred pounds for the same, (excepting five pounds 
of said sum to himself) and to have seven years time to pay out 
the same, after said lands come into his hands." 

He further provides, that if Samuel should die or refuse to take 
the same, then Simon, son of his brother Joseph, to take the 
same, on the same conditions, and if he refuse, then the next in 
kin of the "Davises" to have the same offer, and the £295 to be 
divided as follows : 

To my sister Mary Davis, £40 

Solomon, son of Jabez Davis, 5 

Brother Jabez Davis' 3 daughters, 3 

Sister Ruth Linnell, 5 

" " " children, 7 

Br. Joseph Davis' 3 sons 5 each, 15 

" " " daughter Mary, 5 

" Dolar Davis' son Shubael, 5 

" " " daughter Hannah, 5 

" " " Thankful and Mary, 2 

Sister Mary, Hinckley, 10 

" " " daughter Mary, 1 

" Hannah Jones' children £1 each, 7 

Br. John Davis' 10 sous £4 each, 40 


To Br. John Davis' 2 daughters, £1, £ 2 

" " Timothy Davis, 20 

" " " " " son Nicholas, 5 

" " " " daughter, ' 5 


To his brother Benjamin Davis he gave ten acres of land in the 
common field bought of Samuel Sargent, and other property, and 
to his sister Mercy Davis nearly all his moveable estate. 

He also ordered a part of the income of his estate to be kept 
in bank, and to be distributed to such of his relations of the 
Davis' as may fall under decay, and be in want either by sickness 
or lameness or other accident — proportioned according to their 
several necessities — until all is distributed. 

He appointed Benjamin Davis his executor. He died in 1718 
and Samuel assumed the trust, and though the estate was 
appraised at £481,17,10, it proved insufficient to pay the legacies 
in full. Samuel, before making a final settlement, remaved ■ to 
to Connecticut. Some of the receipts call him of Groton, others 
of New London, and others of Coventry. 

(10-3) Hannah, daughter of John Davis, married Jedediah 
Jones 18th March, 1681, and resided at Scorton, just within the 
bounds of Barnstable. In the town records only Shubael, Simon, " 
Isaac, Timothy and Hannah, are named born previous to 1695. 

(11-4) Mary, daughter of John Davis, married in 1677, 

Benjamin Goodspeed, and had Mary Jan 10, 1677-8, who married 

•Ichabod Hinckley, and receipted for his wife's legacy. Nov. 24, 

1697, she married Ensign John Hinckley of West Barnstable. By 

her last husband she had no children. 

(12-5) Joseph, son of John Davis, married, March 28, 1682, 
Mary Claghorn, daughter of James. He resided at Chequaquet, 
and died about 1690. She died 1706. 

Children horn in Barnstable. 

47. I. Simeon 19th Jan. 1683. 

48. II. Marv, 19th June 1685. 

49. III. Joseph, April, 1687. 
60. IV. Robert, 13th June 1689. 

James Cahoon, illegitimate son born Oct. 25, 1696. 

(13-6) Benjamin, son of John Davis, died unmarried in 1718, 
and his estate was divided among his brothers and sisters and their 
representatives then living: 1, to John Davis, (Samuel died in 
1711) ; 2, to heirs of Hannah Jones, deceased; 3, to heirs of 
Mary Hinckley, deceased ; 4, to heirs of Joseph Davis, deceased, 
(Benjamin and Simon deceased) ; 5, to heirs of Dolar Davis ; 
6, to heirs of Jabez Davis ; 7, to Mary Davis; 8, to Timothy 
Davis ; and 9, to Ruth Linnell. Of the family of John Davis 
four were living in 1718, three had died leaving no issue, and five 


who had families. He had lands at Catacheset, Oyster Island, 
Cotuit, Cooper's Pond, and at the Common Field. . He owned the 
dwelling-house which was his father's. 

(14-7) Dolar, son of John Davis, removed early to South Sea. 
His farm was at Skoneonet. He married, 3d Aug. 1681, Hannah, 
daughter of David Linnell. He was a house carpenter and joiner. 
He died in 1710, and names in his will, sons Shubael, Stephen, 
Daniel, Job, and Noah, and daughters Hannah, Thankful, Remem- 
ber Mercy. He gave one half of his joiners tools to Stephen, 
and the othef half and all his carpenters tools, to Job. He had 
two swords, which indicates that he had seen service as a soldier. 
The best he gave to j'ob, and the other to Noah. His wife is not 
named; and was probably dead. 

Children horn in Barnstable. 

51. I. Shubael, 23d April, 1685, married twice. 

52. II. Thomas, Aug. 1686 died young. 

53. Ill, Hannah, Dec. 1689. 

54. IV. Stephen, Sept. 1690. 

55. V. Thankful, March 1696. 

56. VI. Daniel, July 1698. 

57. VII. Job, July 1700. 

58. VIII. Noah, Sept. 1702. 

59. IX. Remember Mercy, 16th Oct. 1704. 

(16-9) Jabez, son of John Davis, was a carpenter,, and 
resided in Barnstable. In his will dated 29th Sept. 1710, he 
named all his children excepting Reuben and Ebenezer, who- 
probably died young. He orders his sons Isaac and Jacob to be 
put to some trades as soon as they are capable. Inventory 

Jabez Davis married, 20th Aug. 1689, Experience, daughter 
of David Linnel, of Barnstable. He died 1710, and his widow 
married, JFeb. 13, 1711-12, Benjamin Hatch, of Falmouth.. She 
died a widow Dec 1736. 

Children horn in Barnstable. 

60. I. Nathan, 2d March 1690, (town and church records.) 

61. II. Reuben, (church records.) 

62. III. 'Samuel, 25th Sept. 1692. Removed to Connecticut. 

63. IV. Bathsheba, 16th Jan. 1694. 

64. V. Isaac, 23d April, 1.696, died in 1718. 

65. VI. Abigail, 26th April, 1698, married Sept. 1718, Joseph 

66. VII. Jacob, Oct. 169§. 

67. VIII. Mercy, 6th Feb. 1701. 

68. IX. Ebenezer, bap 23d June, 1706. 

69. X. Solomon, 4th Sept. 1706. 














(17-10) Mercy, daughter of John Davis, was an old maid, 
. gentle, kind, affectionate, nurse and physician to her father and 
mother, her brothers and sisters, and the host who called her aunt. 
She died in 1733, aged about 70, and bequeathed her whole estate 
to her sister Ruth Linnell, to children of her brother John, and to 
her nephew Simon Davis. 

(18-11) Timothy, son of John Davis, joined the society of 
Friends and removed to Rochester, and is the ancestor of the 
Davis's in New Bedford and Rochester. Until the discovery of 
Samuel Davis' Will they were' unable to trace their descent from 
Dolar. They knew they were distantly related to the Davis's in 
Falmouth, descendants of John Jr., and that Nicholas, the early 
Quaker, was a connection, but the degree of consanguinity was 

Timothy Davis married 7th of , 1st month, 1690, Sarah, 
daughter of Edward Perry, of Sandwich. His oldest son was 
born in Sandwich, his other children probably in Rochester. 
Nicholas, Oct. 28, 1690. 
Hannah, Sept. 17, 1692. 
. Sarah, March 18, 1693-6. 
Rest, Sept. 17, 1700. 
Peace, April 14, 1702. 
Dorcas, Sept. 10, 1704. 

These dates are from the records of the Sandwich monthly 
meeting, and first month was then March. 

(19-12) Ruth, daughter of John Davis, married, in 1695, 
John Linnel, one of the first who removed to South Sea. His 
house was at Hyannis Port, and was taken down a few years ago. 
She had seven children ; making the whole number of the grand 
children of John Davis, Senior, 56. She died May 8, 1748, in 
the 75th year of her age, and is buried in the ancient grave yard 
at Barnstable. 

[The Concord and Falmouth branches are here dropt.J 

(47-1) Capt. Simon Davis, son of Joseph, born 19th Jan. 
1683-4, was an officer in the militia, and a man of some note. At 
41 he married. May 12, 1725, Elizabeth Lumbert, who died leav- 
ing no issue. At 56 he married Priscilla Hamblin, (June 5, 1740.) 
By her he had Mary, Feb. 28, 1741-2 ; Content, March 23, 1743-4 ; 
Priscilla, Feb. 17, 1745-6, and Joseph baptized July 17, 1748. 
She died April 1751, aged 41. 

(50-4) Robert, son of Joseph Davis, probably removed to 
Rochester, where he had by Mary, Joseph, April 8, 1727; 
Benjamin, Feb. 22, 1728-9 ; Benajah, June 27, 1734. 

(51-1) Shubael Davis, son of Dolar, married, Sept. 15, 1720, 
Hopestill Lumbert, and 2nd, Patience Crocker 1727. 

(54-4) Stephen Davis, son of Dolar, married Desire Lewis 
March 12, 1730. He died very suddenly Dec. 7, 1756. He had 
Mary and Martha, twins, born April 23, 1732 ; Jonathan baptized 


June 8, 1740 ; and Stephen born July 6, 1746. Mary married 
Benjamin Lumbert, Jr., May 23, 1751 ; Martha, Joseph Lewis, 

(56-6) Daniel Davis, son of Dolar, married Mary Lothrop. 
Children born in Barnstable : Daniel, April 1, 1724 ; Samuel, May 

8, 1727; Joseph, May 28, 1729, died June 30, same year; 
Jonathan, Sept. 21, 1733. Mrs. Mary Davis was dismissed Sept. 
26, 1742, from the Barnstable church to the church in Lebanon, 

(57-7) Job Davis, son of Dolar, married, Dec. 22, 1724, 
Mary Phinney. He inherited the estate of his ancestor John. 
He died April 4, 1751, aged 50, and his widow died at the great 
age of 98 years. Their children were: 1, Mary, June 21, 1725, 
died young; 2, Thomas, Oct. 16, 1726, deaf and dumb, was a 
weaver, died unmarried; 3, Shubael, March 19, 1729, married 
Thankful Lewis, Jr., April 30, 1852; 4, Mary, July 18, 1731, 
married Thomas Young Feb. 1759-60 : 5, Mehitabel, March 9, 
1733-4, married 1st Gershom Cobb Feb. 6, 1761-2, and 2d, 
Nathaniel Lothrop,' 1776 ; 6, Seth, Dec. 27, 1736; 7, Hannah, 
Sept. 6, 1739, married David Childs April 4, 1758, and through 
her the ancient Davis estate passed into the Child family ; 8, 
Ebenezer, Dec. 17, 1742, deaf and dumb, a shoe maker. He 
removed to Maine. 

(58-8) Noah Davis, son of Dolar, married. May 7, 1724, 
Hannah Fuller, and had Lewis, Aug. 26, 1724; Thankful, March 

9, 1728; Eunice, April 20, 1734; John, baptized July 4, 1742; 
Joseph, Oct. 21, 1746. Eunice married Jabez Claghorn Nov. 21, 

(60-1) Nathan Davis, son of Jabez, was a wheelwright, he 
married, 24th Nov. 1714, Elizabeth Phinney, and had Jabez 7th 
Oct. 1715; Sarah, 12th Aug. 1717; Elizabeth, 15th Sept. 1718; 
Isaac, 9th June 1720. He administered on his brother Isaac's 
estate in 1710. 

Solomon, sou of Jabez Davis, married Mehitabel Stertevat of 
Sandwich, and removed to that town. . 

(70-1) Nicholas Davis, son of Timothy, belonged to the 
Society of Friends and resided at Rochester. He was a Quaker 
preacher, and spent most of his time in Rochester and Dart- 
mouth. He however travelled extensively, visiting North Caro- 
lina, Virginia, New Jersey, Maryland, Pennsylvania and New 
York. On his return from a journey from New York he 
was taken sick of a fever and died at the house of William Russell 
in Oblong, 10th month, 7th Oct. 1775, (after 1752 January was the 
first month) in the 65th year of his age. He married thrice. 
1st, Mary, 2d, Hannah, and 3d Ruth. By his first wife he had 
Nathan born 11th month, (Jan.) 28, 1715-16; Elizabeth, 11 
month, 20, 1718-19. By his second wife he had no children. By 
his third wife, Timothy, born 2d month (April) 9, 1730.; Nicholas, 


3 month, (May) 10, 1732 ; Abram, 12th month (Feb.) 20, 1735-6 ; 
(Rochester records Feb. 1, 1736) Mary, 5th month (July) 3, 
1742 ; James, 3d month (May) 1743. The latter was grandfather 
to Wm. P. Davis of Yarmouth. Timothy of this family was a 
Quaker preacher. During the Revolution he was an ardent whig, 
and wrote a pamphlet in favor of prosecuting the war. For this, 
he was disowned by his brethren. [It is said, on what authority 
I am unable to say, that Jefferson Davis is a descendant of 

In early times the descendants of .Dolar Davis were very 
numerous in Barnstable ; now not one remains who is a legal 
voter. Many families of the name removed ; but not so many as 
of some other names. Many of the families have dwindled and 
died out. 

The Davis families in Truro are descendants of Benjamin 
Davis, born about the year 1730. He married Betsey Webb. He 
had Benjamin who removed first to Chatham and thence to Reed- 
fleld, Maine ; James W. ; Ebenezer L. ; and Betsey who married 
Solomon Mirick, of Brewster. His son Ebenezer L. married 
Azubah Hinckley, and had, Dianah, Solomon, Ebenezer, Betsey, 
Benjamin, Azubah, and Joshua H., most of whom are now living. 
James W. has also descendants now living. 



' In 1688, when William and Mary ascended the throne of 
England, manufacturing industry had given wealth and prosperity 
to Ireland. In the first year of their reign the royal assent was 
given to laws passed by both Houses of Parliament, to discourage 
the manufactures of Ireland which competed with those of Eng- 
land. Lord Fitzwilliam says that by this inviduous policy 100,000 
operatives were driven out of Ireland. Many of the Protestants 
to Germany, some of the Catholics to Spain, and multitudes of 
all classes to America. Dobbe, on Irish trade, printed in Dublin . 
in 1729, estimated that 3000 males left Ulster yearly for the 

The tolerant policy of William Penn, induced many to settle 
in Pennsylvania. The arrivals at the port of Philadelphia, of Irish 
emigrants, for the year ending December 1729, was 5,655. The 
satiriol Dean Swift reproached the aristocracy for their suicidal 
impolicy "in cultivating cattle and banishing men." 

The Irish emigrants who came over at the close of the 1 7tb 
and the beginning of the 18th centuries, were a very different 
class from those who now throng to our shores. Very few could 
claim a purely Celtic ancestry. Those from the north of Ireland 
were descendants of Scots who had settled there and were known 
as Scotch Irish. Many were descendants of English parents, and 
of the Huguenots who found an asylum in Ireland after the 
Eevocation of the Edict of Nantz. A large proportion of them 
were tradesmen, artisans, and manufacturers. Many settled in 
the Southern States. Londonderry, in New Hampshire, -was 
settled by the Scotch Irish, and several towns in Maine. Many 
settled in various towns in New England, and not a few of the 
most noted men in our country trace their descent from these 
Irish refugees. Among these are some families of the name of 
Allison, Butler, Cathern, Carroll, Clinton, Fulton, Jackson, Knox, 
McDonouah, Ramesy, Read, Sullivan, Walsh, Wayne, and many 
others distinguished in the annals of our country. Of the fiftv- 


six who signed the Declaration of Independence, nine were Irish, 
or of Irish origin. 

The influence of this class of imigrants has not been suffi- 
ciently appreciated. The acts of the British Parliament which 
brought ruin to Ireland, gave prosperity to America. Wherever 
the Irish refugees settled, there mechanical and manufacturing 
industry was developed, giving a diversity of employment to the 
people, adding to their wealth, and making them prosperous and 
less dependent on the mother country. The introduction of steam 
power, the construction of canals and many great public enter- 
prises, originate'd with, or were promoted, and brought to a suc- 
cessful issue, by the descendants of these settlers. In the 
Revolutionary army many of the most efficient officers were Irish, 
or sons of Irishmen. In civil life many were eminent. Gov. 
James Sullivan of Mass., w.sis the son' of a Limerick school 
master, who with other Irish families settled in Belfast, Maine, in 
1723. Gen. Andrew Jackson, President of the United States, 
was the son of an Irish refugee. 

Among them were men. distinguished in literature, George 
Berkluy, Dean of Derry, came in 1729. His "Theory of Vision" 
has made his name familiar in Europe. His object was to estab- 
lish a college for the conversion of the red race. He settled at 
Newport where he had a farm of ninety acres. Failing in his 
purposes in 1732, he gave his farm and the finest collection of 
books which had then come over at one time, to Yale College. In 
Newport his "Minute Phylosopher" was composed, and the follow- 
ing beautiful lines so poetical in conception, and known to -every 
school boy to "this day : 

"Westward the Star of Empire takes its way, 

Tlie tliree first acts already past; 
The fourth shall close it with the closing day, 

Earth's noblest Empire is the last." 

Among the first settlers in this County several Irish names 
occur. Higgins is a Longford name. The Kelley's descended 
from the O'Kelley's, a noted clan resident near Dublin. In latter 
fimes, several of the Scotch-Irish settled in Barnstable, namely : 
William Belford, James Delap, John Cullio, John Easterbrooks, 
and Matthew Wood. 

Charles Clinton, the ancestor of the Clintons in New York, 
was born in Longford, Ireland, in the year 1690. His, grand- 
father William was an adherent of Charles T, and took refuge in 
the north of Ireland. His father James married Elizabeth Smith, 
a daughter of one of the Captains in Cromwell's army. He was 
a man of wealth and influence, and induced many of his friends 
and neighbors to emigrate with him to America. He chartered 
the ship George and Ann, Capt. Ryper, to transport them and 
their effects from Dublin to Philadelphia. The whole number of 
passengers, including men, women, and children, was one hundred 


and fourteen. Among the papers of Mr. Charles Clinton is a 
document showing that he paid the passage money for ninety- 

Mr. Clinton was unfortunate in his selection of a ship ; 
but more unfortunate in his selection of a captain. Rymer 
was a cold blooded tyrant, of whom his officers and sailors 
were in constant fear, and as base a villian as ever trod the deck 
of a slave-ship. The George and Ann sailed on the 20th of May, 
1729, from the port of Dublin for Philadelphia, poorly supplied 
with stores for a voyage of the ordinary length, but protracted by 
the infamy of the master to one hundred and ttiirty-five days. 
The passengers were not isolated individuals who had casually met 
on ship-board, they consisted of families who had converted 
their estates, excepting such portion as they could con- 
veniently take with them, into gold, to purchase lands in 
Pennsylvania, and build a town where they could enjoy the 
civil apd religious privileges denied to them in their native 
land. They had selected the mild season of the year for their 
passage, and expected to arrive in Philadelphia in July, in season 
to select their place of residence, and put up dwellings before 
winter. Such were their anticipations. They did not dream that 
half of their number would find watery graves before reaching 
the shores of America. 

Among the passengers in this ill-fated ship were the father 
and mother of James Delap, and his sisters Rose, Jean, and 
Sarah. Tradition says there was another child whose name is not 
preserved. The Delap family were from Cavan, a county 
adjoining Longford, the former home of nearly all the other 
passengers. There were two on board whom Capt. Delap in his 
narrative, calls "Methodists."* 

Several besides Mr. Clinton had considerable sums in gold 
and silver coins. This was known to the captain, and excited his 
cupidity, and he resolved to prolong the voyage, and to keep his 
ship at sea until his provisions were exhausted, and his passengers 
had died of famine and disease, and then seize and appropriate 
their goods to his own use. Such was the diabolical plan of Capt. 

The ship had not long been at sea before the passengers 
began to mistrust that the captain had evil designs. He was 
tyrannical in the exercise of his authority, and his officers and 
men were in constant fear of him. The ship was making slow 
progress towards her port of . destination, the passengers had been 
put on short allowance, and some had already died of disease 
engendered by the small quantity and bad quality of the provisions 

*No Methodist preachers came oyer as early as 1729. "MethodiBt" was a nick-name 
then applied to men who were very, exact in the performance of their religious duties, 
whether Catholic or Protestant. The converts of the ■Wesle3''8' were called "Methodist," 
and they adopted the name, as the converts of Fox did that of Qualter. 


served out. Starvation and death seemed inevitable if no change 
could be effected, and the passengers, after consultation, resolved 
to assume the command if a change could not' otherwise be made. 
The two called "Methodists," having some knowledge of the 
theory and practice of invigation, were appointed to watch night 
and day all the movements of Capt. Rymer. One night soon 
afterwards, they discovered that though the wind was fair, the 
ship was sailing in an opposite direction from her true course. 
They inquired of the helmsman why he so steered ; his reply was, : 
"that is the captain's order." 

This fact was communicated to the other passengers. Several 
had then died of starvation, and many had become so weak and 
emaciated by want of food and nourishment that they could 
scarcely stand. Though weak and feeble they- resolved to make 
an effort to compel the captain to keep his ship on her true course, 
both by night as well as by day. One of the passengers had a 
brace of pistols. These Xvere loaded and put into the hands of 
the "Methodists," and all the passengers who had sufficient 
strength remaining followed them to the quarter deck.-f" With the 
loaded pistols in their hands they charged the captain with 
treachery, with protracting the voyage, with the design of keep- 
ing the ship at sea till all the passengers had perished of disease 
or famine, and then seize on their goods. He said in reply that 
the voyage had been prolonged by ■ head winds, and not by any 
fault or connivance of himself or his offcers. They then charged 
him with having kept his ship off her course in the night, thus 
deceiving the passengers, who were mostly landsmen, and unable 
in dark weather to judge whether or not the ship was on her true 
course ; with issuing fuller rations to his crew than to the passen- 
ers that he might be able to navigate his ship. Seeing the resolute 
and determined manner of the passengers, he made fair promises ; 
but he made them only that he might break them. J 

The Capes of Virginia was the first land made, but no date is 
given, from whence, according to the pretence of the captain, he 
was driven by stress of weather to Cape Cod, making the land on 
the 4th of October 1729. 

This was only pretence,- and though his surviving passengers 
earnestly persuaded him to land them, according to contract, at 
Philadelphia, or at New York, or at any port he could make, he 
refused to accede to their requests, and obstinately kept his vessel 
at sea, though his passengers were daily perishing for want of 

t Another account says this occurred in the cabin of the ship. Prudence required that it 
should not occur in presence of the crew, and I am inclined to the opinion that the tradition 
in our family is at fault in this particular. 

X Wliether this uprising among the passengers was before or after land had been dis- 
covered is not named in the narrative of Capt. Delap. " It probably occurred before. It is 
refeiTed to in several notices of the voyage that I have seen.; but the date of its occurrence 
is not given, nor the date of the first sight of land. 


food. Every sailor knows that the gale which would drive a 
vessel from the Capes of Virginia to Cape Cod, would enable a 
captain of very moderate attainments to havp made a harbor either 
in the Chespeake or in Delaware Bay, or to have reached the port 
of New York. Like many other villains, he did not see the goal 
to which his base conduct inevitably led. When off the Capes of 
Virginia he had wit enough to perceive the difBculty in which he 
was involved. If he listened to his passengers, and made for the 
port of Philadelphia, he would have been immediately ari-ested on 
his arrival, and his only alternative was to keep his ship at sea, 
avoid speaking any vessel, and persist in his diabolical purpose. 

The New England Weekly Journal, printed at Boston Nov. 
10, 1729, contains the following notice of the arrival of the 
George and Ann : 

"We hear from Martha's Vineyard that some time last month 
Capt. Lothrop, in his passage from this place (Boston) to that 
island, off of Monomoy espied a vessel which put out a signal of 
distress to them. He making up to her went aboard ; found her to 
be a vessel from Ireland, bound for Philadelphia, (as they said) 
who had been from thence 20 weeks and brought out 190 passen- 
gers, 30 of whom were children, being destitute of provision, 
(having then but 15 biscuit on board), 100 of them were starved 
to death, among which were all the children except one, and the 
remainder of the passengers looked very ghastfully. They craved 
hard for water, of which one drank to that degree that he soon 
after died ; and two more died while Capt. Lothrop was aboard. 
Only three of the sailors were aiive (besides the master and mate) 
and they sick. They entreated him to pilot them into the first 
harbor they could get into, but the master was for bringing them 
to Boston. They told him if he would not let the pilot carry 
them into what place he should think fit, they would throw him 
overboard ; upon which Capt. Lothrop having brought the vessel 
off of Sandy Point, told them there was but one house near, and 
spoke of going somewhere else, but they were all urgent to put 
them ashore anywhere, if it were but land. Accordingly he 
carried them in and left them there, with provisions ; 'tis thought 
many are since dead. Notwithstanding their extremity, and the 
sad spectacles of death before their eyes, and a near prospect of 
their own, 'twas astonishing to behold their impenitence, and to 
hear their profane speeches." 

The renowned Capt. John Smith, and other early navigators, 
speak of Isle Nauset, which in ancient times extended from the 
entrance to Nauset harbor, south about four miles. Deep naviga- 
ble waters now occupy its location. The loose sands of which 
it was composed have been carried southward by the currents, or 
blown inward, covering up the meadows, which for many years 
have been seen croping out on the eastern side of the beach, which 


has passed entirely over them, and united with Pochet islands. 
The harbor between the latter and Nauset Itle is now entirely filled 
up. Since 1729 Monomoy Point, in Chatham, has extended south 
several miles. The point which Capt. Lothrop calls Sandy, was 
then about four miles north of Monomoy Point. A vessel then 
entering Chatham harbor could sail eight miles in a northerly 
direction within the islands up to the present town of Eastham". 
It is certain that Capt. Rymer landed his passengers at Nauset, 
and in that part of the territory, now called Orleans. 

When Captain Lothrop boarded the George and Ann, Mono- 
moy Point was the nearest land ; a barren, desolate region, where 
neither shelter nor provisions could be procured. The point which 
, he called Sandy point was on the north of the entrance to Chat- 
ham, probably then separated by a channel from Isle Nauset. 
This was also a barren, desolate region, with only one house. 
The settlement at Chatham was the nearest, but at that time there 
were only a few inhabitants scattered over a large territory. 
Capt. Lothrop judged it better to proceed further up the harbor to 
Nauset, or Eastham, an older settlement, where an abundance of 
supplies could be procured. The passengers were probably landed 
near the head of Putamomacut harbor, in the easterly part of the 
present town of Orleans. Tradition says they were landed on 
Nauset Beach ; but it was equally as convenient to set them ashore 
on the main land, and not on a desert island. J 

Capt. Lothrop belonged to Barnstable, and was a very relia- 
ble and accurate man. He states that the number of passengers 
was 190, instead of 114. I give both statements, not knowing 
which is the most accurate. 

Of the one hundred and fourteen (or 190 as stated by Loth- 
rop) who embarked at Dublin, less than one-half were then living 
— all the rest had been committed to the watery deep. Of the 
Delap family the father, Rose, Jane, Sarah, and another, had been 
buried in the ocean. The mother was living when Capt. Lothrop 
came on board — emaciated and very weak, in consequence of long 
abstinence. "When food was distributed she took a biscuit, and 
in attempting to swallow it a piece lodged in her throat, and 
before relief could be obtained, expired. Her body was taken on 
shore, and buried at Nauset. James, when taken from the boat, 
was so weak that he could not stand, and crawled from the boat 
to the beach. After landing the surviving passengers and some 
of their goods, Capt. Rymer proceeded on his voyage to Phila- 

J June 25, 1863. Not being able to clearly understand the statement of Capt. Lothrop, 
which I received this week, I went yesterday to Nauset beach, and examined the localities, 
and I feel certain that the comments made thereon are reliable and accurate. Monomoy is 
now called also Sandy Point, which creates confusion. By Sandy Point Capt. Lothrop 
meant the point at the north entrance of Chatham harbor, possibly he may have meant the 
point at the' entrance of Potamomacut harbor; but be that as it may it does not affect the 
result. Now if a vessel should arrive olf Chatham in such condition the news would be 
transmitted to Boston in an hour, then it was thirty-five days before the intelligence reached 


delphia. After his ai-rival the sailors, relieved from the terror in 
which they had been held, entered a complaint against their 
Captain. He was arrested, a preliminary examination was had, 
and he was sent in irons to P^nglaud for trial. The charges of 
cruelty to his passengers and crew, of extortion, and of an 
attempt to embezzle the goods of the passengers, were proved, 
and he was condemned to be hung and quartered, and this just 
sentence was duly executed in Dublin.* 

Such is the short and sad narrative of the passage of James 
Delap to this country. No details of Individual suffering are 
given. The fact that more than one-half of all on board perished 
of starvation, is a suggestive one. He was then fourteen years of 
age; young, but the incidents of such a- passage would make a< 
deep impression, not soon to be forgotten. So far as known, he 
was the sole survivor of the family — an orphan boy, weak and 
emaciated — a stranger in a strange land, without money, without 
any friend or protector but "the father of the fatherless." 

Little is known of his orphanage. From Eastham he came 
to Barnstable, and Nov. 5, 1729, he chose John Bacon, Jr., 
saddler, for his guardian, with whom he resided during his minor- 
ity, as an apprentice to learn the trade of a blacksmith. f 

He had a guardian appointed early that he might, as stated in 
the record, have an agent who had legal authority to secure the 
small "estate of his Honored father, deceased." A small portion 
was recovered, and on the 26th of the following January apprised' 
at £16, 4s by Geo. Lewis, James Cobb, and John Scudder, Jr. 
The "Goods and Chatties" saved consisted of articles of men and 
women's apparel, bedding, table linen, woolen yarns, and a gun. 

Capt. Delap always spoke kindly of his "Master Bacon." 
He was treated as a member of the family. The children 
regarded him as a brother, and for three successive generations 
the relation between the families was most intimate. 

* Respecting the Toj'agc and its lermination, there are some discrepencies. Iloosack. 
in his life of Clinton, says tlie ship sailed from Dublin in May, 1729, and after a voyage of 21 
weeks and 3 days arrived at Cape Cod, in the fall, where Mr. Clinton and his surviving 
friends remained till the following spring, when they took passage for New Winsor, Orange 
Co., New York. As the ship had been insured in Dublin the captain contrived to let her 
slip her moorings on a stormy night, in which she was lost. The^accouat in Hoosack says 
that the captain kept his passengers at sea until he extorted a sum of money from them to 
land them; that Clinton wanted. the officers oi the ship to seize the Captain and ship but 
they refused. 

Eager, in his history of Orange County, N. Y., says the Captain was seized, put in irons 
by the passengers, and the command given to the mate, who brought the vessel in, in a 
few days. 

Among the passengers were three of the name of Armstrong, all of whom died on the 
passage, Charles Clinton and wife, Alexander Dennison, and John Young, who survived. 
[For the information in this note, I am indebted to E. B. O'Callagan, Esq., of Albany. I 
am also indebted to Hon. .John G. Palfrey, and Rev. Henry M. Dexter, of Boston, and J. R. 
Bordhead, Esq., author of the history of New York, for assistance in compiling this 

t John Bacon, -Jr., was the father of the late Capt. Isaac Bacon, Sen'r, and own^d the 
house in which the latter lived, a large two story gambrel roofed honse, that stood next east 
of the ancient Bacon mansion. .John Bacon, Jr., is called a saddler, lie was also a black- 
smith and a sailor. His blacksmith's shop stood on the west of his house, near the row of 
ancient cherry trees, and there James learned his trade. 


After completing the term of his apprenticeship, he bought 
the estate of Jeremiah Bacon, Jr., bounded south by the county 
road, the present lane to the Common Field is on the west of his 
land, north by Mill Creek, and east by a small run of water, con- 
taining three and one-half acres, with the two story single house 
thereon. His shop stood on the road, east of the irun of water. 
The hill on the east of his shop is yet known as Delap's Hill. 

In the summer season he sailed in the Barnstable and Boston 
packet, at first, with Capt. Solomon Otis, and afterwards as ' 
master. In the winter he was employed in his blacksmith's 

June 22, 1738, he was married by Rev. Mr. Green, to Mary, 
daughter of Benjamin O'Kelley, of Yarmouth. She was born 
April 8, 1720, O. S., and at the tirne of her marriage had been 
residing in the family of Deacon Isaac Hamblin of Yarmouth. 
Though only 18, she was a member of the Church in Yarmouth,, 
and was all her life a woman of exemplary piety. Her mother, 
Mary, was a daughter of Benjamin and Sarah (Walker) Lumbert, 
born in Barnstable 17th June, 1688. She was a widow many 
years, and resided with her daughter, was a mid-wife, a vocation 
which a century ago was a very common and very useful employ- 
ment for females. She was experienced, and stood high in her 
profession. When more than four score years, when on her way 
to visit a patient, her horse stumbled, and she fell and broke her 
leg ; but after being confined to her room some months she . 
recovered, and resumed her useful labors for a short time. She 
died, according to t^e church records. May 1, 1772, aged 82 years 
— nearly 84 years of age, if her birth is accurately recorded. 

Capt. James Delap removed from Barnstable to Granville, 
Nova Scotia, in the spring of the year 1775, and resided on a farm 
which he , inherited from his son Thomas, who died young. All 
his family removed with him excepting his daughters Rose and 
Catherine. His health began to fail before he removed from 
Barnstable, and he died in Granville in 1789, of apoplexy, aged 
about 74. 

He is spoken of as a "very friendly, civil man, hospitable to 
strangers, kind to all, and very liberal in his efforts to educate his 
children." His letters to his children indicate that he was. a 
very affectionate parent, and took a lively interest in their welfare. 
"In person he was short, thick set, stout built, with a short neck, 
a form which physiologists say predisposes to apoplexy of which 
he had three shocks, two before he removed from Barnstable. In 
politics, he was a staunch loyalist, a fact that seems inconsistent 
with the history of his family. Though his widow was sixty -nine 
years of age at his death, she married John Hall, Esq., of Gran- 
ville, whom she survived. She died June 4, 1804, aged 84 years. 
She was an exemplary and consistent Christian ; an active ener- 
getic woman ; and an excellent wife and mother. 


Capt. James Delap had ten children all born in Barnstable, 
all lived to mature age, and all excepting Thomas married and 
had families. The eight daughters of James Delap were all 
robust and healthy ; women of good sense, sound judgement, and 
good business capacity, most of them lived niore than seventy 
years and had numerous descendants. 

Children of James and Mary Delap horn in Barnstable. 

I. Rose, born Feb. 25, 1739, O. S., married Ebenezer Scud- 
der, of Barnstable, Jan, 11, 1759, and had ten children: 
1, Ebenezer, Aug. 13, 1761; 2, James, March 14, 1764, 
died young; 3, Thomas, Sept. 10, 1766, died young; 4, 
Isaiah, Jan. 8, 1768 ; 5, Asa, July 25, 1771 ; 6, Elizabeth, 
Oct. 12, 1773, married Morton Croclier ; 7, Josiah, Nov. 
30, 1775; 8, James D., Oct. 27,1779; 9, Thomas D., 
Jan. 25, 1782 ; 10, Rose, April 24, 1784, died young. 
Mrs. Rose Scudder died April 17, 1812, aged 72 years. 
Mr. Ebenezer Scudder died June 8, 1818, aged 85 years. 
He was a man of mild, pleasant disposition, a quiet, good 
neighbor. Mrs. Rose Scudder was a woman of great 
firmness and decision of character, and of untiring industry. 
She resided at Chequaquet, near Phinney's Mill, seven 
miles from the meeting house in the east parish, yet she 
often, on the Sabbath, walked to meeting, attended the 
morning and afternoon service, dined and took tea with 
her sister Catherine, and walked home in the evening, the 
whole distance by unfrequented roads, and moi'e than one- 
half the distance through forests. She often traveled four 
miles to spend an evening, and at 9 o'clock walked home 
alone, nearly the whole distance through a dense forest. 
She spun much street yarn ; but she spun it for some pur- 
pose. She carried her knitting work with her, and knit as 
she walked on. She said her work was good company on 
a dark night. Her sons Ebenezer, Isaiah, Asa, Josiah and 
James, inherited the character of their mother, and were 
active business men, and successful in life. Thomas and 
Elizabeth, like their father, were mild and pleasant; but 
wanting in energy of character. 

II. Abigail, born Nov. 6, 1741, 0. S., married, Feb. 9, 1764, 
John Coleman, of Granville, Nova Scotia. He was a son 
of James Coleman of Barnstable. She had several chil- 
dren. Her sons James and Thomas were lost at sea. She 
died in 1825, aged 84. 

ni. Catherine, born Sept. 3, 1743, married Amos Otis, (my 
grandfather) and always resided in Barnstable. She had 
two children, Amos and Solomon. She died Feb. 28, 
1819, aged 75, having lived a widow 47 years. 


IV. Thomas, born April 14, 1745, did not marry. He was 
master of a vessel, in the King's service, Dec. 6, 1771, 
while on a voyage from Philadelphia to Halifax, during a 
violent gale and snow storm was east ashore on Great 
Point, Nantucket. All on board succeeded in getting to 
the shore. It was a thick snow storm and very cold. 
Capt. Delap perished in one of the hollows or gorges on 
that point. Mr. Amos Otis in another. Two of the sailors 
went on to Cortue Point, heading towards the town, and 
both froze to death on that point. Two other sailors and 
a boy, John Weiderhold, succeeded in getting off Great 
Point, and reached a barn at Squam. They covered them- 
selves up in the hay, placing the lad between them, so that 
the warmth of their bodies kept him from freezing. 

The next day the vessel was discovered by people from 
the town, high and dry on the beach, and if the captain and 
crew had remained on board none would have been lost; 
Capt. Delap, Mr. Otis, and most of the crew, had been 
exposed to the storm about twelve hours when the vessel 
was east on shore, and were wet, benumbed with cold, and 
almost exhausted, when they got to the land. The boy 
was the only one who had not been exposed, and who had 
dry clothing. Capt. Delap is buried at Nantucket, and the 
manner of his death is recorded on a monument to his 
memory. His age was 26 years, 7 months, and 11 days. 

The boy, Weiderhold, from that time made Nantucket 
his home. He died about thirty years ago. He was a 
member of the Masonic Fraternity, and a very worthy man. 
He often related the sad story of the shipwreck, and pointed 
out the spots where each perished. 

V. Mary, born Nov. 3, 1747, O. S., married Seth Backus of 
Barnstable, had a family of six children, Walley, Betsey, 
Mary, Seth, James, Thomas, and removed to Lee, Mass., 
where she died at an advanced age. Her son Walley was 
an influential man. 

VI. Sarah, born April 11, 1750, O. S., married Capt. James 
Farnsworth, of Groton, and removed to Machias, where 
she died in 1785, aged 35 years. She had a son who died 
in childhood, and three daughters. One married Simeon 
Foster, and resided at Cooper, Maine. Her grandson, 
Benjamin F. Foster, was a popular writing master, and 
author of a system of penmanship. Another daughter, 
Sarah, married George S. Smith, Esq., of Machias. 

VII. Jane or Jean, born Aug. 13, 1752, O. S., married, in 1772, 
Jonas Farnsworth, (a cousin of the Capt. Jonas who mar- 
ried Sarah.) Their oldest daughter, Nancy, (my mother) 
was born at Machias, in 1773. Having obtained of the 


British authorities a permit to remove, and a protection 
against capture, tlie family embarked for Boston. On their 
passage the vessel was taken- by the British ship of war 
Viper, and sent to Halifax. They afterwards took passage 
in another vessel, were again captured, and were finally 
landed at Newburyport, from whence they proceeded to his 
native town, Groton, Mass. When captured, several shots 
were fired, and at the suggestion of the Captain, Mrs. F. 
and her infant daughter laid on the cabin floor, which was 
below the water line and comparatively safe.* Mr. Jonas 
Farnsworth died suddenly of apoplexy, July 16, 1805, aged 
57 years. She died May 1826, aged 73. They had ten 
children, and have numerous descendants. Their youngest' 
son. Rev. James Delap, was a graduate of Harvard College, 
and collected materials for genealogies of the Farnsworth 
and Delap families, which remain unpublished. 

VIII. Hannah, born July 14, 1755, N. S., married Samuel Street, 
Esq., a Captain in the British Navy, and died soon after, 
leaving no children. 

IX. Temperance, born in 1757, baptized at the East Church 
Jan. 15, 1758, married Dea. Thaddeus Harris, f of Corn- 
wallis. Nova Scotia, and died Nov. 9, 1732, aged 76, leav- 
ing a numerous family of children and grand-children. 
One of her sons was for many years a member of the 
Queen's Council. A grandson for several years was a 
minister at Hyannis. 

X. James, born March, baptized Nov. 18, 1759, married at 
20, Sarah Walker, of Granville, and had twelve children. 
He married for his second wife Mrs. Pengree, of Corn- 
wallis, N. S., and removed to that town. He was for 
many years a deacon of the Baptist Church in Granville. 
He lived to be an old man. 

It is surprising that no contemporaneous account of the voy- 
age of the George and Ann to this country can be quoted — a voy- 
age unparelled in atrocity in the annals of immigration. Most 
that is known is traditionary. Records must somewhere exist. 
The newspapers of the day probably contain some information. 
The records of the court in Dublin, where Rymer had his trial, if 
'Copie s could be obtained, would furnish authentic information. 

.„ *-t" ? '""^"^ °^ "^7 Sreat grandfather, James Delap, to his daughter Jane, dated Gran- 
ville, July 15, 1780, but not forwarded till Oct. 1, he says ; "We want to see you very much ; 
but as the times are, cannot. Pray write at every opportunity, for we long to hear from you 
and little Nancy. Wo heard you had a tedious time home, and were taken again. We hope 
all these things wUl work together for your good. We are old, and the times are such, we 
never expect to see you again. Let us endeavor to become the true children of God, so as 
to meet in the Heavenly Kingdom, and never more he separated." 

t Dea. Harris was living in 1834, affcd 86, 



Of the early life of Mr. Dexter, little is known. He came 
over, either with Mr. Endicott in 1629, or, in the fleet, with Gov. 
Winthrop, the following year, bringing with him his wife, and chil- 
dren, and several servants. He had received a good education, 
and wrote a beautiful court-hand ; was a man of great energy 
of character, public spirited, and ever ready to contribute of his 
means, and use his influence in promoting any enterprise which he 
judged to be for the interest of the infant colony. He did his 
own thinking, and was independent and fearless in the expression 
of his opinions. Such were the leading traits in the character of 
Mr. Dexter ; but it must be admitted that his energy of character 
bordered on stubbornness, and his independence of thought, on 
indiscretion and self-will. 

In the year 1630, in the prime of life, and with ample means, 
he settled on a farm of eight hundred acres, in the town of Lynn. 
In the cultivation of his lands he employed many servants, and 
was called, by way of eminence, Farmer Dexter. His house was 
on the west side of Saugus river, above where the iron works 
were afterward built. In 1633, he built a weir across the Saugus 
river, for the purpose of taking bass and'alewives, of which many 
were dried and smoked for shipment. He also built a mill, and 
bridge across the Saugus. In these enterprises he was the man- 
ager, and principal owner. 

Mr. Dexter was admitted to be a freeman of the Massachu- 
setts Colony May 18, 1631 ; but disfranchised March 4, 1633, 
therefore his name does not appear on the printed list. He had 
many quarrels, and many vexatious law-suits. If the contro- 
versies respecting the iron works, in which he was a large owner, 

* One of Mr. Dexter's descendants writes that the absence of all reference to any wife in 
numerons deeds, dating back to 1639, seems to make it certain that he was a widower when 
he came over, or lost nis wife early in his residence here. The fact that his youngest 
daughter was marriagable in 1639, would seem also necessarily to throw hack his birth date 
to 1590-1595 ; which would make him 81 to 86 when he died . 


are included in the records and documents, which have been pre- 
served, in which he had an interest, they would fill a moderate 
sized volumn. The reader of these records should remember that 
they were made by the personal enemies of Mr. Dexter, and though 
the"^ facts may be accurately stated, yet some allowance is to be 
made for the hostile feeling which existed in the minds of the 

In March, 1631, he had a quarrel with Gov. Endicott, in which 
the Salem Magistrate struck Mr. Dexter, who complained to the 
Court at Boston. Mr. Endicott m his defence, says, "I hear I 
am much complained of by goodman Dexter for striking him ; 
understanding since it is not lawful for a justice of the peace to 
strike. But if you had seen the manner of his carriage, with such 
daring of me, with his arms akimbo, it would have provoked a 
very patient man. He has given out, if I had a purse he would 
make me empty it, and if he cannot have justice here, he will do 
wonders in England ; and if he cannot prevail there, he will try it 
out with me here at blows. If it were lawful for me to try it at 
blows, and he a fit man for me to deal with, you would not hear 
me complain." The jury to whom the case was referred, gave on 
the 3d of May, 1631, a verdict for Mr. Dexter, assessing the 
damage at £10 sterling ($44.44.) 

In March, 1633, the court ordered that Mr. Dexter "be set in 
the bilbows, disfranchised, and fined £10 sterling, for speaking 
reproachful and seditious words against the government here 
established." The bilbows were a kind of stocks set up near the 
meeting-house in Lynn, in which the hands and feet of the culprit 
were confined 

"A Bastile, made to imprison hands, 
By strange enchantment made to fetter, 
The lesser parts, and free the greater." 

Mr. Dexter, having been insulted by Samuel Hutchinson, he 
met him one day on the road, "and jumping from his horse, he 
bestowed about twenty blows on his head and shoulders, to the no 
small danger and deray of his senses, as well as sensibilities." 

These facts show that Mr. Dexter was not a meek man. He had 
many difficulties with his neighbors, and one of the vexatious law- 
suits in which he was engaged, he left as a heritage to his children 
and to his grand-children. Whether justice was or was not on his 
side in all these cases, the troubles that environed him at Lynn, 
induced him to seek a quieter home. In 1637, he and nine of his 
neighbors obtained from the Plymouth Colony Court a grant of 
the township of Sandwich. He went there that year, and with 
the commendable public spirit for which he had ever been distin- 
guished built the first grist mill erected in that town. He did not 
remain long, for in 1638, the next year, he had 350 acres of land 
assigned him as one of the inhabitants of Lynn, and he 


remained there certainly till 1646, when he was indicted by 
the Court of Quarter Sessions as a common sleeper at meetings. 
It is probable that he left his son Thomas, not then of age, at 
Sandwich, to take the care of his property in that town, and that 
he returned to Lynn. At Sandwich he had lands assigned to him 
in the first division. At the division of the meadows April 16, 
1640, he had six acres assigned to him for his mill, and "twenty- 
six acres if he come here to live." This record is conclusive evi- 
dence that he was not of Sandwich in 1640. Mr. Freeman, in his 
annals of that town, is mistaken in his statement that "he was one 
of those able to bear arms in Sandwich in 1643." His name is 
not on the list ; neither is that of his son Thomas who does not 
appear to have been of Sandwich that year. From the year 1640 
to March 1646, neither the father or the son are named in the 
Colony Records as residents in Sandwich, though the father con- 
tinued to own the mill, and was one of the proprietors of the 

March 3, 1645-6, Thomas Dexter, of Sandwich, was pre- 
sented by the grand jury, for conveying away a horse that had 
been pressed for the country use. Whether this was the father or 
son, does not appear, nor is it material, for both were residents in 
Sandwich that year. The father did not remain long in Sandwich. 
Mr. Freeman saj^s he left in 1648, he was certainly of Barnstable 
in 1651, and was an inhabitant of thattown till 1670, probably till 

About the year 1 646 he purchased two farms in Barnstable. 
One to which reference has been frequently had in these articles, 
situate on the south-east of the Blossom farm, and adjoining to 
the mill stream,* and afterwards owned and occupied by William 
Dexter, probably his son, and the other on the north-eastern 
declivity of Scorton Hill. His dwelling house was situate on the 
north side of the old county road, and commanded an extensive 
prospect of the country for miles around. 

He led a quiet life in Barnstable, his name occasionally 
appears as a juryman, and as a surety for the persecuted Quakers, 
showing that he did not sympathize with the Barlow party. He 
could not, however, entirely refrain from engaging in law suits. 
At the March term of the Court in 1648-9, he had eight cases, 
principally for the collection of debts, and he recovered in seven. 
In 1653, he had a controversy with his neighbors respecting the 

* In my investigations, I have been unable to ascertain who built the first mill ou tlie 
stream now known as Jones's mill stream at West Barnstable. Mr. Dexter's lands were 
partly bounded by that stream, and I should not be surprised if some future investifrator 
should ascertain that he built the first mill at West Barnstable, also the Old Stone Fort, to 
which frequent reference is made in the Crocker article. 

On Wednesday last 1 was at Sandwich, and for the first time examined the records of 
that towu for information respecting the Dexter family. I found much that I regret that I 
had not known before writing this article. The records, in almost every instance, and I am 
not certain but in every instance, refer to the second Thomas Dexter. A deed of his to the 
town of Sandwich, is an exceedingly interesting document. 


boundaries of his lands, and at his request two men were appointed 
by the Colony Court, "to set at rights the lines or ranges," pro- 
vided the parties cannot agree among themselves. It was after- 
wards referred to Barnard Lumbard. 

He had, soon after his settlement in Barnstable, a contro- 
versey with the inhabitants, which remained unsettled for many 
years. As the case has a historical interest and illustrates the 
leading trait in his character, I shall give some details. Some 
years prior to 1652, he built a causeway across his own meadow, 
and a bridge across Scorton Creek, and extended the causeway to 
the upland on Scorton Neck, at the place where the new County 
road now passes over. A bridge and causeway to Scorton Neck 
had previously been built by Sandwich men, about half a mile 
farther west, which had been used in common by them and the 
inhabitants of Barnstable. Mr. Dexter's bridge shortened the 
distance which the latter had to travel to their meadows on Scorton 
Neck, and they claimed a right to pass over the new bridge with- 
out having assisted in the building, and without paying toll ; 
because in the year 1652, according to the Barnstable town 
records, "It was agreed upon by the Jury for the highways, 
Anthony Annable being the foreman thereof, that a Highway two 
rod broad go from the point of upland of Samuel Fuller's 
through the marsh of Thomas Dexter's to the main creek, and so 
cross the marshes as far as the marsh . of Samuel Hinckley's. 
Also, it is agreed by the said Jury that a foot way go from 
Lieutenant Fuller's house across the creek, where Mr. Dexter's 
bridge was, and so straight along to Mr. Bursley's bridge, leaving 
Mr. Dexter's orchard on the right hand, and Goodman Fitzrandles 
house on the left hand." 

The highway laid out passed on the west side of Dexter's 
farm, southerly to the old County road. The foot way corre- 
sponds in locations with the new County road, till it joins the 
old, and thence by the latter to Bursley's bridge. 

The matter was a cause of diflSculty, and remained unsettled 
till Obtober 5, 1656, when the Plymouth Colony Court appointed 
and requested M. Prence, and Capt. Cudworth, to view the place 
in controversy, and if they they can, put an end to it, and if they 
cannot, to make report unto the Court of the state of the 

On the 10th of the same month the parties interested, namely, 
Thomas Dexter, Senior, of the one part, and of the other, Samuel 
Hinckley, William Crocker, Samuel Fuller, Peter Blossom, 
Thomas Hinckley, Robert Parker, John Chipman, and Robert 
Linnell, appeared on the premises iDefore Mr. Thomas Prence and 
Capt. James Cudworth, and the case that had caused so much 
trouble, was "issued" to the satisfaction of all the parties. 1, 
It was agreed, "that all that are interested in any marsh above 


the aforesaid marsh, that needs the privilege of the said way, 
shall pay unto the said Thomas Dexter six pence per acre, in lieu 
and full recompense for the said marsh wayed, forever, himself 
and such others as make use thereof, to make and repair the said 
way, proportionable to the use made of it — the gates or bars to be 
shut after any one's use thereof by them, to prevent damage." 

Right in this case, is apparent. If Thomas Dexter built, as 
he did, a causeway and bridge on his own meadow, no one had a 
legal right to use the same without his consent. The owners of 
the meadows on Scorton Neck had a right of way to the 
same, and the town had a legal right to lay out such way ; and if 
they laid it out over Thomas Dexter's private way, he had a legal 
right to claim compensation. This he claimed, and the parties 
interested refused to pay. The ^referees decided the case in his 
favor, giving him six pence an acre, or about six dollars in all, not 
enough to pay the law expenses he probably incurred. He had 
legal right on his side ; but there were other considerations which 
should have deterred him from exacting "the pound of flesh." It 
was the only convenient place to build a bridge, it was the natural 
outlet of the meadows above, and before the bridge was built the 
owners had sometimes crossed over at that place. It was not an act 
of good neighborhood on the part of Mr. Dexter to maintain a 
quarrel more than five years, that he might have his own way. 

In the following year, 1657, he commenced his lawsuit against 
the inhabitants of the town of Lynn for the possession of Nahant, 
which he claimed as his private properly by virtue of purchase 
made about the year 1637, of the Indian Sachem, Poquanum, or 
Black Will, for a suit of clothes. This was a mercantile specula- 
tion, and the law suits which it produced were very expensive. 
In February 1657, the inhabitants of Lynn voted to divide Nahant 
among the householders, to each an equal share, and Mr. Dexter 
thereupon brought an action against the town for taking possession 
and occupying his property. He had, up to that time, manu- 
factured tar from the pine trees ; and the town had also exercised 
some rights of ownership. This unusual mode of division made 
every householder an interested party against Mr. Dexter, who 
was then a non-resident. The court decided in favor of the 
defendants, and Mr. Dexter appealed to the Assistants, who con- 
firmed the judgment of the lower court. Whatever might have 
been the justice of his claim, it would have been difficult for him 
to have obtained a verdict where nearly all the witnesses in the 
case liad an adverse interest.* 

After his death his administrators, Capt. James Oliver, his 
son-in-law, an eminent merchant of Boston, and his grandson, 

* The law forbidding purchases of land from the Indians except by public permission, 
had not been passed when Mr. Dexter bought Nahant ; so that it would seem that he had a 
legal l-ight to make the purchase. S. 


Thomas, of Sandwich, were not satisfied with the decisions of the 
courts, and in 1678, brought another action, and in 1695, after the 
death of Thomas Dexter, 3d, another was brought all with like 
results. These suits continued at intervals through a series of 
thirty-eight years, were very expensive, and the Dexters being the 
losing party, their costs must have amounted to a large sum. It 
was the settled policy of the first settlers, that all purchases of 
lands from the Indians, should be by virtue of public authority. 
Mr. Dexter was not so authorized, and therefore had no legal 
right to make the purchase. 

In 1657, Mr. Dexter took the oath of fidelity, and was 
admitted a freeman of the Plymouth Colony June 1, 1658. For 
the succeeding eighteen years he appears to have lived a quiet, 
retired life, on his farm at Scorton Hill. He had passed that 
period in life when men usually take an active and leading part in 
business or in politics. Notwithstanding his expensive law suits, 
he had ample means remaining. During his life, he appears to 
have conveyed his mill and his large real estate in Sandwich to his 
son Thomas, and his West Barnstable farm to William, retaining 
his Scorton Hill farm and his personal estate, for his own use. 
The latter farm he sold about the year 1675 to William Troop and 
removed to Boston that he might spend his last days in the family 
of a married daughter, where he died in 1677 at an advanced age. 
No attempt has been made to veil his faults — he did not bury his 
talent in a napkin — and in estimating his character, we must 
inquire what he did, not what he might have done. Who did 
more than Thomas Dexter to promote the interests of the infant 
settlement at Lynn ? who more at Sandwich ? Others, perhaps, 
did as much, none more. He knew this, and his self esteem and 
love of approbation, prompted him to resist those who sought to 
appropriate to themselves without compensation, the benefits of 
the improvements which he had been the principal party to intro- 
duce. When at Lynn, he built a weir across the Saugus river, 
for the benefit of the fisheries, a grist mill, a bridge across the 
Saugus, and was foremost in establishing the iron works in 1643 ; 
and at Sandwich he built a grist mill, and at Barnstable a cause- 
way and bridge across Scorton Creek and marshes ; all improve- 
ments in which the public took a deep interest. For these acts, he 
is deserving of credit and they will forever embalm his memory. 
His harsh and censorious spirit created enemies, where a more 
conciliatory course would have made friends. Vinegar was an 
element of his character, and no alchymist could have transmitted 
it into oil. He was a member of the Puritan Church ; yet tolerant 
and liberal in his views. No immorality was ever laid to his 
charge, and judging him by the rule laid down by the Great 
Teacher in the parable of the ten talents, we must decide that he 
was a useful man in his day and therefore entitled to the respect 
of posterity. 


Of the family of Mr. Thomas Dexter, Senior, very little is 
certainly known. Mr. Lewis, the historian of Lynn, was unable 
to furnish anything that was certain and reliable, and the undefati- 
gable Mr. Savage gives but a meagre account of his family. Mr. 
Freeman repeats the statements of his predecessors, adding very 
little to the information furnished by them. It is surprising that 
so little should be known of the family of so noted a man as Mr. 

It is certain that he had 

I. Thomas, born in England, settled in Sandwich. 

II. Mary, who married Oct. 1639, Mr. John Frend, who died 
young. Before Aug. 1655, as is show by a deed in Suffolk 
Registry, she had married Capt. James Oliver. They left no 

And he probably had 

III. William, who settled in Barnstable. 

IV. Francis, who married Richard Wooddy. They had eight chil- 
dren. They lived some years in Roxbury. In 1696, Mary 
and Frances, who were then widows, brought the, fourth suit 
in behalf of their father's claim, upon Nahant, against the 
town of Lynn, once more in vain. 

In regard to the two last named, I say probably, yet I have 
no reason to doubt the statement that William was the son; of 
Thomas. Messrs. Lewis, Savage, and Freeman, say he was his 
son; but, after the most careful research, I cannot find positive 
evidence that such was the fact. 

Mr. Drake, the able historian of Boston, has forwarded to. 
me the following abstracts, from the records in the. Probate Office 
of the County of Suffolk, which furnish additional , information to 
what was before known : 

"Feb. 9, 1676-7. Power of administration to the estate of 
Thomas Dexter, Senior, late of Boston, deceased, is granted to. 
Capt. James Oliver, his son-in-law, and Thomas Dexter, Jr., his 

"Nov. 1678, Ensgne Richard Woodde was joined with Capt. . 
Oliver in this administration, in room of Thomas Dexter, Jr., 

The Rev. Henry M. Dexter of Boston, a descendant, furnishes 
the following abstract of the inventory of the estate dated April 
25, 1677. ft includes merely "so much as is due by bill from 
William Troop of Barnstable, as follows : 
Payable before or in Nov. 1677, £20 

u 14 a u u 1678, 20 

" " " " " 1679, 20 

" " " " " 1680, 10 



It is added, "this is inventory and all of the estate that is 
known belonging to the deceased party aforsaid, only a claim of 
some lands which ly within the bounds of Lynn ; the value whereof 
we cannot determine at present until further insight into and 

The "claim of some lands" was for Nahant, which was 
worthless and to which reference has already been had. 

These two extracts prove that Thomas Dexter, Senior, was a 
resident in Boston at the time of his death, that he died the latter 
part of 1676 or early in 1677, that he had a son Thomas and a 
grand-son Thomas, "and a daughter who married Capt. James 
Oliver, an eminent merchant of Boston. 

These facts enable us to trace one branch of his family with 
certainty — that of his son Thomas — who was an early settler in 
Sandwich, and died there Dec. 30, 1686. He died intestate, and 
his estate was apprised on the 12th of the following January by 
John Chipman, Stephen Skiff, and William Bassett at £491,5, a 
very large estate in those times. He owned 240 acres of land 
at the Plains, valued in the inventory at only £12, or one 
shilling an acre. He owned four valuable tracts of meadow, 
one on the north of Town Neck, valued at £30 ; one at 
the Islands near James Allen's, £90 ; one below Mr. John Chip- 
man's new house, £4 ; and one at Pine islands, £40. He owned 
two dwelling-houses. That in which he resided (situated about 
half a mile southerly from the Glass Factory village) was a large 
two story building, apprised at £40; his barn, corn-house, &c., 
£10 ; his home lot 10 acres, £30 ; and a tract of 20 acres adjoin- 
ing, at £30. His other dwelling was occupied by his son John, 
and the farm on which it was situated is described as consisting of 
about 28 acres of "meane land," and "two parcels of meadow that 
belongs to that Seate," estimated at 8 acres, all apprised at £80. 
The mill, now known as the town mill, with "all her apperten- 
ances," at £50. As this apprisment was carefully made, 
and was the basis of the division of the estate, it shows 
the relative value of different article at that time. A pair 
of oxen was valued at £5, and a negro slave at four times that 
sum, £20, 7 cows and one steer, £12 ; 28 sheep, £5 ; 1 mare, £2 ; 
1 colt, 10 shillings ; his silver ware at £5, 5 shs. ; and his house- 
hold furniture, clothing, tools, &c., £25 10 shs. 

The estate was settled by an agreement of the Ijeirs in writ- 
ing, dated Feb. 16, 1686-7, and is signed by the widow Elizabeth 
Dexter, Senior, John Dexter, son of Thomas Dexter, late of 
Sandwich, gentleman deceased in his own rights, Elizabeth Dexter, 
Jr., in her right, Daniel Allen of Swansea, in the right of Mary, 
his wife, and by Jonathan Hallett, in the right of Abigail, his wife. 
This agreement shows that Thomas Dexter, the third of the name, 
was then dead, and had no lineal heir surviving. 


June 1647, Thomas Dexter, Jr., or the second of the name, 
was chosen Constable of the town of Sandwich, a fact which shows 
that he was not then less than twenty-four years of age, and that 
he was born before his father came to this country. The exact 
date when he became a permanent resident, and an inhabitant of 
the town of Sandwich, 1 am unable to fix with certainty. He was 
not of Sandwich in 1643, but probably was as early as March 
1645. The Thomas Dexter named as one of the inhabitants of 
Sandwich March 3, 1645-6, was probably the young man, because 
his father was about that date an inhabitant of Lynn. In 1648, 
he kept the miJl built by his father before the year 1640. In 1647, 
he was constable of the town of Sandwich. In 1655, he was 
commissioned by the Court, at the request of the inhabitants of 
Sandwich, Ensign of the company of militia. He held the office 
many years, and was known as Ensign Dexter, and by this title 
was distinguished fi-om his father, and his son of the same name. 
He was often on the grand and petty juries, was surveyor of high- 
ways, and held other municipal ofHces. In 1680, he was licenced 
to keep an ordinary or public house for the entertainment of 

He did not inherit the litigious spirit of his father, though he 
did inherit some of his quarrels respecting lands where "no fences, 
parted fields, noi- marks, nor bounds, distinguished acres of litig- 
ious grounds." These, however, were amicably adjusted by 
referees, not by expensive law suits. After 1655, he was, accord- 
ing to the usages of the time, entitled to the honor of being styled 
Mister, and in the latter part of his life, being a large land-holder, 
was styled gentleman. From what is left on record respecting 
him, he appears to have been a worthy man ; enterprising, useful, 
a good neighbor, and a good citizen. 

Ensign Thomas Dexter married, Nov. 8, 1648, Mary or 
Elizabeth Vincent. The record of the marriage is mutilated, but 
this seems to be its true reading. (In early times Mary and 
Elizabeth were considered synonymous or interchangeable. I have 
found several similar cases ; but am unabled to give reason.) 

The children of Ensign Thomas Dexter, born in Sandwich, 
were : 

I. Mary, born Aug. 11, 1649. She married Daniel Allen of 
Sandwich and removed to Swansey, where she had Elizabeth 
28th Sept. 1673, and Christian 26th Jan. 1674-5, and probably 
others. After the close of the Indian war she returned to 
Swansey. Mr. Savage and- Mr. Freeman both err in saying 
that Mary was a daughter of Thomas Dexter, Senior, and that 
she was born in Barnstable. The record is perfectly clear 
and distinct. 

II. Elizabeth, born Sept. 21, 1651, and died young. (Mr. Free- 
man savs, "said to have been a maiden in 1767.") 


III. Thomas. His birth does not appear on the record, probably 
in 1653. He died, without issue, in 1679. He was appointed, 
Feb. 9, 1676-7, joint administrator with Capt. James Oliver of 
Boston, on his grandfather's estate. 

IV. John, born about the year 1656, resided in Sandwich. He 
married, Nov. 1682, Mehitabel, daughter of the second 
Andrew Hallett of Yarmouth, and had Elizabeth Nov. 2, 1683 ; 
Thomas, Aug. 26, 1686 ; Abigail, May 26, 1689 ; John, Sept. 
11, 1692. From Sandwich he removed to Portsmouth, E. I., 
and was there living 24th June 1717 (Savage.) Mr. Free- 
man makes a singular mistake in regard to Thomas of this 
family. He says, page 79, "Thomas, born Aug. 26, 1686, 
who is afterwards called Jr. , whilst his uncle Thomas is called 
Senior." When this Thomas was born, his uncle Thomas 
had been dead seven years, and his grandfather Thomas died 
before the child was six months old, and the necessity for the 
use of the terms in not seen. 

V. Elizabeth, born 7th April 1660. She does not appear to have 
married. She was single at the time of the settlement of her 
father's estate, Feb. 16, 1686-7. Her mother, who died 
March 19, 1713-14, bequeaths to Elizabeth in her will dated 
Aug. 29, 1689, her whole estate. This will was proved April 
8, 1714, and the daughter seems to have then been living, and 

VI. Abigail, June 12, 1663, married, Jan. 30, 1684-5, Jonathan 
Hallett of Yarmouth, had eight children, and died Sept. 2, 
1715, aged 52, and is buried in the old grave yard in 

William Dexter was in Barnstable in 1657. He probably 
was a son of Thomas Dexter, Senior, and came with bis father to 
Barnstable about the year 1650. His farm was originally owned 
by his father. He removed to Rochester about the year 1690, 
where he died in 1694 intestate, and his estate was settled by 
mutual agreement between the widow Sarah and her children, 
Stephen, Phillip, James, Thomas, John, and Benjamin Dexter, 
and her daughter Mary, wife of Moses Barlow. James, Thomas 
and John, had the Rochester lauds, and Stephen, Phillip and 
Benjamin, the Barnstable estate. In the division of the meadows 
in 1694 William had 3 acres assigned him by the committee of the 
town, which was reduced to two by the arbitrators in 1697. Ste- 
phen and Phillip, the only children of William of sufficient age, 
were assigned 2 acres each. In 1703 Phillip had removed to Fal- 
mouth, and Stephen was the only one of the name who remained 
in town. He had 48 shares alloted to him in the division of the 
common lands, considerably more than the average, showing him 
to be a man of good estate. He married Sarah Vincent July 1653, 


and his children born in Barnstable were : 

I. Mary, Jan. 1654, married Moses Barlow and removed to 

II. Stephen, May 1657, married Ann Saunders. 

III. Phillip, Sept. 1659, removed to Falmoath. 

IV. James, May 1662, married Elizabeth Tobey, died 1697. 

V. Thomas, July 1665, married Sarah C, March 1702-3. Died 
July 31, 1744. Left no issue. 

VI. John, Aug. 1668. 

VII. Benjamin, Feb. 1670, removed to Rochester, married Mary 
Miller of Rochester July 17, 1695. His son, Dea. Seth, 
was the great grandfather of Rev. Henry M. Dexter of 

Stephen Dexter, son of William, born in Barnstable May 
1657, married, 27th April, 1696, Anna Saunders. He resided on 
the farm of his grandfather Thomas at Dexter's Lane, West 
Barnstable, and had, 

I. Mary, 24th Aug. 1696, married March 5, 1717-18, Samuel 

II. A son, 22d Dec. 1698, died January following. 

III. Abigail, 13th May, 1699. 

IV. Content, 5th Feb. 1701, married Eben Landers of Roches- 
ter, 1725. 

V. Anna, 9th March 1702-3, married John Williams 1725. 

VI. Sarah, 1st June, 1705. 

VII. Stephen, 26th July 1707, married Abigail Collier 1736. 
VTII. Mercy, 5th July 1709. June 1737, she was living with 

Jonathan Crocker, Senior, who gave her £5 in his will. 

IX. Miriam, 8th March, 1712. 

X. Cornelius, 21st March, 1713-14. He did not marry. With 
his sister Molly, he lived in a two-story single house on the 
east side of Dexter's Lane, opposite the Mill Pond. 

Stephen Dexter, in his will dated March 17, 1729-30, 
names his wife Ann, his son Stephen, to whom he gave his home- 
stead, son Cornelius, and daughters Abigail, Content, Sarah, 
Mercy and Miriam. Also grand-daughter Ann Williams and 
grand-children David and Elizabeth Cheard. 

Philip Dexter removed to Falmouth, and in his will, proved 
June 10, 1741, names his wife Alice, sons Joseph and Phillip, and 
son Jabez of Rochester, and five other children. Also a son John 
who died 1723. He owned a mill. 

James Dexter married Elizabeth Tobey and removed to 
Rochester. He died in 1697, leaving a daughter Elizabeth and a 
posthumous child. His widow married Nathan Hamond. 

Mr. John Dexter was the last of the name in Barnstable. 
(See Childs.) 


A John Dexter of Rochester, a blacksmith, settled in Yar- 
mouth. He owned the brick house near the Congregational 
meeting house. He married 1st, Bethia Vincent in 1748, and 2d, 
Phillippe Vincent In 17.58. He had Hannah Sept. 7, 1749 ; Isaac 
Oct. 7, 1751 ; and John June 4, 1759. He has descendants in 
Nova Scotia. 


Eev. Mr. Dean in his history of Scituate, states that Jonas 
Deane was in that town in 1690, that he was called Taunton Dean, 
and that he came from Taunton, in England. He died in 1697, 
leaving a widow Eunice, who married in 1701, Dea. James Torrey, 
Town Clerk. His children were Thomas, born Oct. 29, 1691, and 
Ephraim, born May 22, 1695. Ephraim married Ann and settled 
in Provincetown, and had Eunice Nov. 10, 1725 ; Thankful Feb. 
8, 1727-8 ; Ann March 4, 1730-31, and perhaps others. 

Thomas settled in Barnstable, and was admitted, May 23, 
1731, a member, of the East Church. He probably resided at 
South Sea. He married Lydia, and his children born in Barn- 
stable were : 

I. Lydia, born July 7, 1728, married Joseph Bearse Oct. 12, 

II. Thomas, April 19, 1730, married Abigail Horton. 
ni. Jonas, Oct. 27, 1732. 

IV. Ephraim, Oct. 17, 1734. 

V. William, May 27, 1736. 

VI. Eunice, Nov. 4, 1737. 

All baptized at the East Church. 

Thomas Dean, son of Thomas, married Abigail Horton, 
(published Feb. 29, 1752,) and had 

I. Hannah, born Jan. 20, 1753. 

II. Archelaus, June 26, 1755 

After the latter date the name disappears on the Barnstable 
records. There are numerous descendants of Thomas Dean of 
Barnstable ; but they are widely scattered. Archelaus Dean 
Atwood, Esq., of Orrington, Maine, is a descendant. 



Elder Thomas Dimmock and Rev. Joseph Hull, are the par- 
ties named in the grant made in 1639, of the lands in the town of 
Barnstable. A previous grant has been made to Mr. Richard 
Collieut of Dorchester, by the Plymouth Colony Court, and sub- 
sequent events make it probable, if not certain, that Messrs. 
Dimmock and Hull were his associates. The date of the first 
grant is not given ; but it was made either in the latter part of 1 637, 
or the beginning of 1638. Soon after the first grant was made 
Mr. Collieut and some of his associates came to Mattakeese, 
surveyed certain lands, and appropriated some of them to his own 
particular use ; but he never became an inhabitant of the town, 
and failing to perform his part of the contract, the grant to him 
was rescinded and made void ; but individual rights acquired by 
virtue of the grant to him, were not revoked. 

In the winter of 1637-8 the Rev. Stephen Batchiler of Lynn, 
and a small company, consisting mostly of his sons, and his sons- 
in-law, and their families, attempted to make a settlement in the 
north-easterly part of the town, at a place yet known as Oldtown ; 
but they remained only a few months. (See Batchiler.) 

Some of those who came with Mr. Collieut in 1638, remained 
and became permanent residents, for in March 1639, Mr. Dim- 
mock was appointed by the Colony Court to exercise the Barn- 
stable men in their arms, proving that there were English resi- 
dents in the town at that time. 

April 1, 1639, the Court ordered that only such persons as 
were then at Mattakeset should remain, and make use of some 
land, but shall not divide any either to themselves or others, nor 
receive into the plantation any other persons, excepting those to 
whom the original grant was made, without the special license and 
approval of the government. 

This order implies, that the English who were in Barnstable 
April 1, 1639, were associates of Mr. Collieut and restricts them 
from receiving any who were not of that company. 


May 6, 1639. "It is ordered by the Court, that if Mr. Collicut 
do come in his own person to inhabit at Mattakeeset before the 
General Court in June next ensuing ; that then the grant shall re- 
main firm unto them ; but, if he fail to come within the time pre- 
fixed, that then their grant be made void, and the lands be other- 
wise disposed of." 

The language of this order cannot be misunderstood. The 
Court had granted the lands at Mattakeeset to Mr. Collicut and 
his associates on the usual conditions, namely, that they should 
"see to the receiving in of such persons as may be fit to live to- 
gether there in the fear of G-od, and obedience to our sovereigne 
lord the King, in peace and love, as becometh Christian people ;" 
that they should "faithfully dispose of such equal and fit portions 
of lands unto them and every of them, as the several estates, 
ranks and qualities of such persons as the Almighty in his provi- 
dence shall send in amongst them, shall require ; to reserve, for 

the disposal of the Court, at least acres of good land, with 

meadow competent, in place convenient, and to make returns to 
the Court of their doings." These conditions had not been com- 
plied with — a month's notice was given — Mr. Collicut did not 
come in person — and the Court on the 4th of June, 1639, made 
void the grant to him ; but not to his associates who had then set- 
tled in Barnstable.* 

As Mr. Dimmock was of Dorchester he was probably one of 
the original associates of Mr. Collicut. Mr. Hull and Mr. Burs- 
ley of Weymouth, and the other inhabitants of Barnstable, prior 
to Oct. 21, 1639, with a few exceptions hereinafter named, be- 
longed to the same company. 

Mattakeeset was incorporated and became a town called Barn- 
stable, on the 4th of June 1639, old stile, or June 14th new stile, 
lam aware that the Eev. JohnMellen, Jr., in his Topographical de- 
scription of Barnstable, published in 1794 in the third volume of 
the Massachusetts Historical Society's collections, says : "There 
is no account to be found of the first settlement made in this 
town. Probably there was none made much before its incorpora- 
tion which was Sept. 3, 1639, O. S. As Mr. Mellen says, there 
was no record of the act of incorporation made. As early as 1685 
when many of the first settlers were living, Gov. Hinckley was 
appointed a committee of the town, to examine the records and 

*Mr. Collicut was admitted a freeman of the Massachusetts Colony March 4, 1632-3. 
He was a deputy to the General Court from Dorchester in 1636, '37 and '55. Selectman in 
1636. His business arrangements probably prevented him from coming to Barnstable, as he 
had intended. May 17, 1637, about the time he and his associates intended to remove, he 
was appointed Commissaiy, to make provisions for the troops employed in the expedition 
against the Pequot Indians. In 1638 he was appointed by the Court to rectify the bounds 
between Dedham and Dorchester, and in 1641 to run the south line of the State adjoining 
Connecticut. He was one of the company authorized to trade with the Indians, and was 
much employed in public business. He removed to Boston before 1656. In 1669 he was of 
Falmouth, now Portland, and in 1672 of Saco, from both of which places he was a repre- 
sentative to the General Court in the years named, He finally returned to Boston, where he 
died July 7, 1685, aged 83, and was Iniried on Copp's Hill. 


ascertain the conditions on which the grant to Messrs. Hull and 
Dimmock was made. The result of his investigation he placed 
on record. He found no record of the grant or of the act of in- 
corporation, but he ascertained that both were made in the year 

Notwithstanding there is no record of the day on which Barn- 
stable was incorporated as one of the towns of Plymouth Colony, 
the date can be fixed with certainty by other evidence. It clearly 
appears by the records that Barnstable was not an incorporated 
town June 3, 1639, 0. S. As has been already stated, a certain 
conditional grant of the lands had been made to Mr. Collicut and 
his associates, preliminary to the organization of a town govern- 
ment ; and under the authority of that grant, about fifteen fam- 
ilies had settled within the limits of the township. Mr. Dimmock 
was authorized, March 1639, to exercise the men in the use of 
arms, because, in a remote settlement, surrounded by bands of 
Indians, in whose friendship reliance could not be placed, a mili- 
tary organization was of prime importance. 

The terms of the Court order of May 6, imply that some of 
Mr. Collicut's associates had then settled at Mattakeeset, but he 
himself, it is emphatically stated, had not, and he was allowed till 
the 3d of June, 1639, to remove, and if on that day he had not 
removed, the grant made to him was to be null and void. He did 
not remove, and on the 4th day of June the grant to Mr. Collicut 
was declared null and void, and the grant transferred to Rev. 
Joseph Hull and Elder Thomas Dimmock. Perhaps the reason 
for not making a record was this ; the grant was a simple trans- 
fer from Mr. Collicut as principal to Messrs. Dimmock and Hull 
two of his associates. As no change had been made in the 
conditions, no record was deemed necessary. 

Beside the above, others had settled within the present territory 
of the town of Barnstable prior to Jan. 1644, but had removed at 
that date. Rev. Mr. Bachiler and his company, as above stated, 
on lands, that prior to 1642, were included within the bounds of 
Yarmouth. William Chase afterwards owned a portion of those 
lands occupied by Mr. Bachiler, and as he had a garden and an 
orchard thereon, it is probable that he resided some little time in 
Barnstable prior to 1644. 

President Ezra Stiles presumes that George Kendrick, Thomas 
Lapham, John Stockbridge, and Simeon Hoit or Hoyte, removed 
with Mr. Lothrop There is some evidence that George Kendrick 
was one of the first who came to Barnstable. Mr. Deane says he 
left Scituate in 1638. He is named as of Barnstable in 1640, but 
there are reasons for doubling the accuracy of the date. If of 
Barnstable he removed to Boston in 1640 or soon after. Mr. 
Deane's notice of Thomas Lapham is imperfect. He was one of 
the first settlers in Scituate, certainly there April 24, I(i36, and 


died in that town in 1648. I find no evidence tiiat he was ever of 
Barnstable. Hoit joined Mr. Lothrop's church in Scituate April 
19, 163.5, sold his house there in 1636 or soon after. About the 
year 1639 he removed to Winsor, Conn. If of Barnstable he was 
here very early. John Stockbridge was a wheel and millwright, 
and may have resided in Barnstable as a workman. I find no 
trace of evidence that he was ever an inhabitant. He afterwards 
was of Boston. 

In addition to the foregoing, a few other names may be added, 
servants of the first settlers, who did not remain long and were 
never legal inhabitants. 

Of the forty-five heads of families who were inhabitants of 
Barnstable in Jan. 1643-4, there came from 

Scituate, 26 23 

Duxbury, 2 

Hingham, 2 2 

Yarmouth, 1 

Boston, 3 3 

Weymouth, 1 1 

Charlestown, 1 

England, 9 9 

45 38 

Those noted as from England had probably resided in Boston 
or Dorchester a short time previously to coming to Barnstable. 

In the second column is placed the number of the families who 
were inhabitants Oct. 21, 1639. 

Thus far the proof respecting the date of the incorporation of 
Barnstable has consisted of negations. June 4, 1639, O. 8., the 
General Court met and entered on its records that Barnstable was 
one of the towns within the Colony of New Plymouth, and ap- 
pointed William Casely the first constable, and he was then sworn 
into oflice. 

These quotations from the records show conclusively that the 
Rev. Mellen was mistaken in his date, and equally as conclusively 
that the town of Barnstable was incorporated, according to the 
usages of the times, on the fourteenth day of June 1639, new 

That Mr. Dimmock was appointed in March, 1639, "to exercise 
Barnstable men in their arms," does not prove that the town had 
then been incorporated for, at the same court, a similar appoint- 

*The conclusion of Mr. Otis that the incorporation of Bamstahle should date from 
June 4, O. S., (June 14, N. S.,) seems untenable Irom his own reasoning. The fact that a 
constable was appointed, at the session of the court of June 4, is not sufficient; this officer 
was often appointed for places that were not at the time recognized as towns. A place not 
entitled to be represented in the court called not be considered as fully incorporated, and 
Barnstable was not so represented until the ensuing December term. The record of the 
"Committees or Deputies for each town" in the colony, has the following : "For Barnstable, 
Mr. Joseph Hull, Mr. Thomas Dimmock, made in December Court, 1639." This would 
seem to be conclusive that the incorporation of the town should date from Dec. 3, 1639, 
when the court met. S. 


ment was made for Marshfield, but that town was not incorporated 
till September 1640, and then as Rexame. 

No formal acts of incorporation were passed in regard to anj' 
of the towns, so that Barnstable is not an exception. A general 
law was passed from which I have made some extracts. The 
Secretary usually noted the time when acts' of incorporation were 
passed, but the instrument itself was not recorded. 

The history of Mr. Dimmock is identified with the early history 
of the town and cannot be separated. He was the leading man 
and was in some way connected with all the acts of the first settlers. 
On the 5th of January, 1643-4, Thomas Hinckley, Henry Cobb, 
Isaac Robinson, and Thomas Lothrop, drew up a list of those who 
were then inhabitants of Barnstable, and I infer from the order 
annexed to the same, that the forty-five named were also house- 
holders. In making this list, they commenced at the west end of 
the plantation, at Anthony Annable's, now Nathan Jenkins', and 
proceeded eastward, recording the names of the inhabitants in the 
order in which they resided to Mr. Thomas Dimmock, whose 
house stood a little distance east of where Isaac Davis' now 

Townsmen of Barnstable Jan. 1643-4. 

1. Anthony Annable, from Scituate, 1640. 

2. Abraham Blush, Duxbury, 1640. 

3. Thomas Shaw, Hingham, 1639. 

4. John Crocker, Scituate, 1639. 

5. Dollar Davis, Duxbury, 1641-2. 
§. Henry Ewell,* Scituate, 1639. 

7. William Betts, Scituate, 1639. 
"William Pearse of Yarmouth, 1643. 

8. Robert Shelley, Scituate, 1639. 

9. Thomas Hatch, Yarmouth, 1642. 

10. John Cooper, Scituate, 1639. 

11. Austin Bearse, came over 1638, of B. 1639. 

12. William Crocker, Scituate, 1639. 

13. Henry Bourne, Scituate, 1639. 

14. Henry Coggin, Boston, Spring 1639. 

15. Lawrence Litchfield of B., Spring 1639. 

16. James Hamblin, London, of B., Spring of 1639. 

17. James Cudworth, Scituate, 1640. 

18. Thomas Hinckley, Scituate, 1639. 

19. Samuel Hinckley, t Scituate, 8th July, 1640. 
William Tilly, Spring 1639, removed to Boston 1043. 

20. Isaac Robinson, Scituate, 1639. 

*The town record is Henry Coxwell, an error of the clerk who transcribed the list. It 
should be Henry Ewell. 

tSamuel Hinckley's name is the 46th on the record. It should be the 18th. His 
houselot adjoined his son Thomas Hinckley's houselot. In 1640 he built a bouse on the east 
side of CoKgins' Pond, in which he resided until his removal to West Barnstable. 


21 . Samuel Jackson, Scituate, 1639. 

22. Thomas AUyn, ^ Spring of 1639. 

Mr. Joseph Hull, Weymouth, May 1639. 

23. , Mr. John Biirsley, Weymouth,' May 1639. 

24. Mr. John, Mayo, came over 1638, of Biarnstable 1639. 

25. John Casley, Scituate, Spring of 1639. 

26. William Caseley, Scituate, of B. Spring of 1639. 

27. Robert Linnett, Scituate, 1639. 

28. Thomas Lothrop, Scituate, 1639. 

29. Thomas Lumbard, Scituate, 1639. 

30. Mr. John Lothrop, Scituate, Oct. 20, 1639. 

31. John Hall, Charlestown, 1641. 

32. Henry Rowley, Scituate, 1639. 

33. Isa,ac Wells, Scituate, 1639. 

34. John Smith, of Barnstable, 1639. 

35. George Lewis, Scituate, 1639. 

36. Edward Fitzrandolphe, Scituate, 1639. 

37. Bernard Lumbard, Scituate, 1639. 

38. Roger Goodspeed, of Barnstable, 1639. 

39. Henry Cobb, Scituate, Oct. 21, 1639. 

40. Thomas Huckins,. Boston, 1639. 

41. John Scudder, Boston, 1639. 

42. Samuel Mayo, of Barnstable, 1639. 

43. Nathaniel Bacon, of Barnstable, 1639. 

44. Richard Foxwell, from Scituate, 1639. 

45. Thomas Dimmock, Hingham, Spring 16S9. 

The following were or had been residents, but were not 
townsmen in Jan. 1643-4. 

Samuel House returned to Scituate. He was of Barnstable 
in 1641 and 1644. 

John Oates, buried May 8, 1641. 

Samuel Fuller, from Scituate, had resided temporarily in 
Parnstable ; but he did not become a townslnan till after Jan. 
1643-4. His cousin, Capt. Matthew Fuller, did not settle in 
Barnstable till 1652. 

Capt. Nicholas Simpkins was returned as able to b'6ar afrris in 
Aug. 1643. He was one of the first settlers in Yarrhoiith. He 
did not remain long in Barnstable. John Bryant and Daniel 
Pryor are named as residents in 1641 . Neither w61'e'then of legal 
age. In 1643, Bryant had removed to Scituate, and Pryer to 
Duxbury. John Blower and Francis Crocker were residents in 
1643. Perhaps not of legal age. A John Rus.^ell was also of 
Barnstable in that year. 

The following also returned in Aug. 1643, as able to bear 
arms, were not of legal age in January 1643-4 : Thomas Bdurman, 
John Foxwell, son of Richard, Thomas Blossom, Nicholas and 


John Davis, sons of Dolar, Samuel, Joseph, and Benjamin 
Lothrop, sons of John, David Linnett, son of Robert, Nathaniel 
Mayo, son of John, and Richard Berry. 

Of the 26 from Scituate, two, at least, were of Barnstable in 
the Spring of 1639, and three delayed removing till 1640. Mr. 
Lothrop and a majority of his church did not resolve to remove 
till June, and on the 26th of that month a fast was held 
"For the presence of God in mercy to goe with us to Mattakeese." 
There is no record of the names of those who came in June. 
Those who came, probably left their families at Scituate, and 
came by land, bringing with them their horses, cattle, farming and 
other utensils, in order to provide hay for their cattle, and shelter 
for their families before winter. 

A majority of the earlier settlers did not come from Scituate. 
The fourteen last named on the list were in Barnstable very early, 
and settled near the Unitarian Meeting-House, in the easterly part 
of the plantation. These lands are those named in the record as 
run out by authority of Mr. Collicot. Mr. Dimmock's Lot was 
the most easterly, and in 1654 is thus described on the town 
record : "Imp. a grant of a great lot to Mr. Dimmock, with 
meadow adjoining, at a Little Running Brook at ye East End of 
the plantation, toward Yarmouth, which Lands is in the present 
possession of G-eorge Lewis, Sen'r, let and farmed out to him for 
some certain years by the said Mr. Dimmock."* 

This description is indefinite, yet important facts are stated. 
It was triangular in form and contained, including upland and 
meadows, about seventy-five apres. The east corner bound stood 
a little distance east of the present dwelling-house of William W. 
Sturgis, and was bounded southerly by the county road, 115 rods 
to the range of fence between the houses of Solomon Hinckley 
and Charles Sturgis, thence northerly across mill creek to the old 
common field, and thence south-easterly to the first mentioned 
bound, and mcluded a narrow strip of upland on the north side of 
the mill creek meadows. The soil of the upland was fertile, and 
the meadows easy of access, and productive. It was the best 
grazing farm in the East Parish, and although lands and meadows 
then bore only a nominal price, it is not surprismg that Mr. Dim- 
mock was enabled to rent his. 

*This is called Mr. Dimmock's "great lot" yet. I think it was not what was generally 
understood by the term "great lot" among the first settlers. In subsequent records the 
tracts of land situate between Mr. Lothrop's great lot on the west, and Barnard Lumbert's 
on the east, (now Dinunock's Lane) and bounded north by the County road, is called "Mr. 
Dimmock's Great Lot," and is now owned by Joshua Thayer, Capt. Pierce, Wm. W. Stur- 
gis, Mr. Whittemore, Capt. Swinerton, and the Heirs of Capt. Franklin Percival. This land, 
m 1689, was owned by his son Ensign Shubael, and the record may refer to him, though he 
would not have been entitled to a "great lot" only as the representative of his father', not in 
his own right. Besides the above. Elder Thomas, as one of the proprietors, was entitled to 
commonage, to which his son Shubael succeeded. (Commonage. This word is used by 
Dr. Bond and others, to express in one word all the right which the first settlers of towns 
had in the common lands and meadows, whether by virtue of their rights as proprietors, or 
as townsmen.) 


In the sketch of the Bacon Family, the laying out of lots on 
the west of the Dimmock farm is described. The lots first laid 
out generally extended in length from east to west, while those 
afterwards laid out were longer on their north and south lines. 

The Rev. John Lothrop's first house stood near the Eldridge 
hotel. On the east of this lot seven Scituatei men settled, namely, 
Henry Rowley, on the same lot, Isaac "Wells near the Court House, 
George Lewis, Sen'r near the Ainsworth house, Edward Fitz- 
randolph on the corner lot adjoining the Hyannis road, Henry 
Cobb a little north from the Unitarian Meeting House, Richard 
Foxwell near the Agricultural Hall, and Bernard Lumbard near 
the mill where Dolar Davis afterwards resided. f The three last 
named came early, probably all of the seven. 

The other Scituate men who came with Mr. Lothrop numbered 
from 12 to 32, settled between the Court House and the present 
westerly bounds of the East Parish. Those who came later, 
farther west. This is a general statement ; there are exceptions, 
which will be noted hereafter. 

A settlement was also made very early on the borders of 
Coggin's Pond. Here we find the same peculiarity in the shape of 
the original lots, their longer lines extended from east to west ; 
while m all other parts of the town except in these two particular 
localities the longer lines are north and south. The early settlers 
in that neighborhood were Henry Bourne and Thomas Hinckley, 
from Scituate, and Henry Coggin, Lawrence Litchfield, James 
Hamblin, and William TUly, probably associates of Mr. Collicut. 

In an inquiry of this kind, entire accuracy is not to be 
expected, but these three points in regard to the settlement of 
Barnstable are clearly established. 

1st. In the winter of 1637-8, Rev. Stephen Bachiler, with a 
company consisting of himself, his sons, his sons-in-law, and his 
grand-sons, in all making five or six families, settled at the north- 
east part of the town. They remained till the Spring of 1638, 
when they abandoned the attempt to form a permanent settlement, 
and all removed. 

2d. In 1638, or on the year previous, the lands atMattakeese 
were granted to Mr. Richard Collicut of Dorchester, and his 
associates. Under the authority of this grant, two settlements 
were made, the larger near the Unitarian Meeting House, and the 
other near Coggin's Pond. In March, 1639, there were about 
fifteen families in the two neighborhoods. June 14, 1639, new 
style, when the grant to Mr. Collicut was revoked, about twenty. 

1 1 do not state this with perfect confidence of its accuracy. Ilespecting the Collicut 
lots ; there are two, one laid to Barnard Lumbert, and one to Samuel Mayo. The one near 
the mill, afterwards Dolar Davis', I suppose to be Lumbard's, the other including Major 
IPhinney's house lot, and the house lot of Timothy Reed, deceased, I judge was Samuel 
Mayo's. Both were sold early, the latter was owned in 1654 by the Widow Mary Hallett, 
probably widow ot Mr. Andrew Hallett, the schoolmaster. 


3d. June 14, 1639, N. 8., Barnstable was incorporated as a 
town, and the lands therein graiited to Rev. Joseph Hull and Mr. 
Thomas Dimmoek, as a committee of the townsmen, and of such 
as should thereafter be regularly admitted. In that month feev. 
Mr. Lothrop and a majority of his church resolved to remove to 
Barnstable, and some then came ; but a great majority came by 
water Oct. 21, 1639, N. S., making the whole number of families 
,then in Barnstable forty-one, the full number required. 

If the names already given, .John Chipman, John Phinney, 
John Otis, John Howland, Thomas Ewer, William Sergeant, and 
Edward Coleman, who came to Barnstable a few years latei', are 
added, the list will include the emigrant ancestors of nineteen 
twentieths of the present inhabitants of the town of Barnstable. 
Capt. John Dickenson and Jas. Nabor were also early inhabitants. 
Nearly -.all the ofBees were conferred upon Messrs. Hull and 
Dimmoek. They were the land committee, an office involving 
arduous and responsible duties, and the exercise of a sound 
judgment and discretion. That they performed their duties well, 
the fact that no appeal from their decisions was ever made to the 
Colony Court, affords sufficient evidence. They were the duputies 
to the Colony Court, and seemed to possess the entire confidence 
of the people. J > 

Mr. iDimmock was also a deputy to the Plymouth Colonv 
Court in, 1640, '41, '42, '48, '49, and '60. He was admitted a 
freeman of the Colony Dec. 3, 1639. June 2, 1640, Mr. 
Thomas Dimmoek of Barnstable, Mr. John Crow of Yarmouth, 
were appointed to "join with Mr. Edmond Freeman of Sandwich, 
to hear and determine all causes and controversies within the 
three townships not : exceeding twenty shillings, according to 
the former order of the Court." This was the first Court estab- 
lished in the County of Barnstable. Mr. B>eeman had been 
elected an assistant in the preceeding March, and by virtue of that 
office was a magistrate or judge ; but he was not qualified till June 
2, 1640, but Mr. Dimmoek and Mr. Crow were qualified. Cases 
involving larger sums were tried before the Governor and assis- 
tants. The first court of assistants, or Supreme Court, convened 
in this County, was held in Yarmouth June 17, 1641. June 5, 
1644, Mr. Dimmoek and Mr. Crow were re-appointed magistrates 

{Mr. Hull's popularity in Barnstable soon waned. In 1640 he does not appear to have 
held any office. May 1, 1641, he was excommunicated from the Barnstable Church, for 
joining a company in Yarmouth as their pastor. He was however received again into 
fellowship Aug. 10, 1643. From Barnstable , he removed to Oyster Eiver, Maine, and from 
thence in. 1662 to the Isle of Shoals where he died 19th Nov. 1665. Simple justice has never 
been done to the memory of Eev. Joseph ,Hull. He came over in 1835, probably from 

Barnstaple tn Devonshire. He welcomed Mr. Lothrop and his church to Barnstable, he 

then opened the doors of his house, one of the largest and best in the plantation, for their 
meetings, — he feasted them on thanksgiving days, and was untiring in his eiforts for their 
temporal prosperity. He is not charged witn any immorality, or with holding any heretical 
opinions; yet he was driven from the town, that probably received its name, as a mark of 
respect to him. His history is worthy to be preserved, and at the proper time I shall 
endeavor to do justice to his memory. 


or assistants of Mr. Freeman, who was the chief justice of the 
inferior court, and assistant, or associate justice of the higher 

Sept. 22, 1642, Mr. Dimmock was appointed by the Colony 
Court t© be one of the council of war. On the 10th of Oct. 1642, 
he was elected lieutenant§ of the company of militia in Barnstable, 
and the Court approved of the choice March 3, 1645-6, the grand 
jury presented him "for neglecting to exercise Barnstable men in 
arms ;" but the Court, after hearing the evidence, discharged the 
complaint. In July, 1646, Mr. Dimmock was again re-elected 
lieutenant, and the choice was approved. 

In 1650, he was one of the commissioners of the Plymouth 
Colony, to confer witli a similar commission of the Massachusetts 
Colony, and decide respecting the title of the lands at Shawwamet 
and Patuxet. 

On the 7th of August, 1650, he was ordained Elder of the 
Church of Barnstable, of which he had been a member from its 

These extracts require no comment. They prove that Mr. 
Dimmock was held by the colony, the town, and the church, to be 
a man of integrity and ability. He lived at a time when the 
faults of every man holding a prominent position in society were 
recorded. One complaint only was ever made against him, and 
that was "discharged" as unfounded and frivolous. 

After 1650 he does not appear to have held any public ofl8ce8, 
and in 1654 he had leased his farm, though he continued to reside 
in Barnstable. He died in 1658 or 1659, and in his nuncopative 
will, attested to by Anthony Annable and John Smith, they state 
that "when he was sick last summer, [1658] he said, what little 
he had he would give to his wife, for the children were hers as 
well as his." 

Few of the first settlers lived a purer life than Elder Thomas 
Dimmock. He came over, not to amass wealth, or acquire honor ; 
but that he might worship his God according to the dictates of his 
own conscience ; and that he and his posterity might here enjoy 
the blessings of civil and religious liberty. His duties to his God, 
to his country, and to his neighbor, he never forgot, never know- 
ingly violated. In the tolerant views of his beloved pastor, the 
Rev. John Lothrop, he entirely coincided. If his neighbor was 
an Ana-Baptist or a Quaker, he did not judge him, because he 
held, that to be a perogative of Deity, which man had no right to 

A man who holds to such principles, whose first and only 
inquiry is what does duty demand, and performs it, will rarely 
stray far from the Christian fold. His posterity will never ask to 

§Lieutenant was then the highest rank in the local militia. 


what sect he belonged, they will call him blessed, and only regret 
that their lives are not like his. 

In the latter part of his life Mr. Dimmock appears to have 
been of feeble health, and unable to perform any act that required 
labor or care. It appears also, that he was obliged to sell a por- 
tion of his ample real estate, to provide means for the support of 
himself and family, and at his death he gave the remainder to his 
wife, in a "will" full of meaning and characteristic of the man. 

Dimmock is an old name in England, and there are many 
families who bear it. It has various spellings, and probably was 
originally the same as that of Dymocke, the hereditary champion 
of England, an office now abolished, who at coronations owed the 
service of Challenge to all competitors for the crown. In this 
country I find the name written Dymocke, Dimmock, Dimack, 
Dimuck, Dimicku. In the commission of Edward Dimmock 
engrossed on parchment, three different spellings of the 
name occur. The family usually write the name Dimmock, but 
many Dimick, which is more nearly in accordance with tlie pro- 
nunciation than any other spelling. It is probably a Welch or a 
West of England name, and some facts stated by Burke in his 
genealogy of the family favor the family tradition, that Elder 
Thomas Dimmock's father was Edward, and that he came from 
Barnstaple or that vicinity. 

I. Elder Thomas Dimmock married Ann [Hammond ?] * 
before his removal to Barnstable. His children were : 

2. I. Timothy, baptized by Mr. Lothrop Jan. 12, 1639-40, 
and was the first of the English who died in Barnstable, and 
was buried June 17, 1640, "in the lower syde of the Calves 

3. II. Mehitable, baptized April 18, 1642. She married 
Richard Child of Watertown, March 30, 1662, where she 
appears to have beeu a resident at the time. She 
died Aug. 18, 1676, aged 34. She had 1, Richard, 
March 30, 1663; 2, Ephraim, Oct. 9, 1664; 3, Shubael, 
Dee. 19, 1665, he married, was afterwards insane, and 
froze to death in the County prison ; 4, Mehitable ; 5, 
Experience, born Feb. 26, 1669-70; 6, Abigail, born June 
16, 1672, married Joseph Lothrop, Esq., of Barnstable; 7, 
Ebenezer, born Nov. 10, 1674 ; 8, Hannah, twin, born Nov. 
10, 1674, married Joseph Blush of Barnstable. 

4. III. Shubael, baptized Sept. 15, 1644, married Joanna, 
daughter of John Bmsley, April 1663. 

*To attempt to gleau in a field which has been surveyed by so thorough a genealogist as 
Dr. Bond, may seem presumptuous. Samuel House, Hobert Linnett, and Thomas Dim- 
mock it appears by the records of Mr. Lothrop, were his brothers-in-law. Rev. Mr. 
Lothrop iliarried for his second wife, Anae, daughter of William Hammond of Watertown; 
Samuel House mamed her sister Elizabeth; Mr. Lothrop's son Thomas married Sarah, 
daughter of Robert Lmnell; William Hammond had tivo daughters of the name Anne, and 
this would not be a case without a parallel, if both were hving .it the same time, and that 
one mamed Mr. Lothrop and tlio other Mr. Dimmock. 


The children of Elder Dimmock are not recorded on the 
Barnstable town, or on the Plymouth Colony records. The above 
are from the church records, which are more reliable than either of 
the others. He may have had children before he came to Barn- 
stable ; but it is not probable. The widow Ann Dimmock was 
living in Oct. 1683. The date of her decease is not on the town 
or church records. She probably died before 1686. 

4. Ensign Shubael Dimmock, only son of Elder Thomas, 
who lived to mature age, sustained the character and reputation of 
his father. In 1669 he was a resident in Yarmouth ; but did not 
I'emain long. In Barnstable he was much employed in town busi- 
ness. He was one of the selectmen in 1686 and 6, a deputy to 
the Colony Court in the same years, and again in 1689 after the 
expulsion of Sir Edmond Andros. He was Ensign of the militia 
company, and was called in the records Ensign Shubael Dimmock. 
About the year 1693 he removed to Mansfield, Conn., where he 
was known as Dea. Dimmock. He died in that town Sunday, Oct. 
29, 1732, at 9 o'clock, in the 91st year of his age, and his wife 
Joanna May 8, 1727, aged 83 years. 

He inherited the real estate of his father, to which he made 
large additions. Of his place of residence and business in Yar- 
mouth, I find no trace in the records. In 1686 he resided in the 
fortification house which was his father's. The house which his 
son Capt. Thomas afterwards resided in, was built and owned by 
him. it was built 176 years ago, and as it has always been kept 
in good repair, few would mistrust from its appearance that it was 
so ancient. It remained in the family till about 1812, when it 
was sold to the father of Mr. Selleck Hedge, the present owner. 
This house, and the houses built by Ensign Dimmock's sons, all 
belong to the class of buildings known as high single houses. 
They were of wood, and somewhat larger, but the style was the 
same as that of Elder Thomas'. They contained the same num- 
ber of rooms, fronted either due north or due south, and on clear 
days the shadows of the house were a sun dial to the inmates, the 
only time piece which they could consult. 

Ensign Dimmock, at the time of his marriage, April 1663, 
was only eighteen years and seven months old, and his wife 
Joanua seventeen years and one month. At her death, they had 
lived in the marriage state 64 years. His children born in 
Barnstable were : 

Thomas, born April 1664. 
John, Jan. 1666. 
Timothv, March 1668. 
Shubael", Feb. 1673. 
Joseph, Sept. 1676. 
Mehitabel, 1677. 
Benjamin, March 1680. 
















12. VIII. Joanna, March 1682. 

13. IX. Thankful, Nov. 1684. 

5. Capt. Thomas Dimmoek, or Dimmack, as he wrote his 
name, son of Ensign Shubael, was in the military service in the 
eastern country, and was killed in battle at Canso, on the 9th of 
Sept. 1697. He was a gallant officer, and in the battle in which he 
lost his life he would not conceal himself in the thicket or shelter 
himself behind a tree, as the other officers and soldiers under his 
command did, but stood out in the open field, a conspicuous mark 
for the deadly aim of the French, and of the Indian warriors. t 

Capt. Dimmoek resided in the East Parish, and about the 
year 1690 bought the dwelling-house of Henry Taylor, which 
stood on the east of the common field road, where Mr. Nathaniel 
Gorham now resides. This he' sold to Nathaniel Orris in 1694. 
He afterwards owned and occupied his father's house, above 
described. Though only thirty-three at his death, he had acquired 
a large estate. The real estate which was his father's was apprised 
at £110 ; the farm at West Barnstable bought of Jonathan Hatch, 
at £72 ; land bought of Thomas Lumbert, Sen'r, Henry Taylor, 
and Sergeant Cobb, £20 ; meadow in partnership with John Bacon 
and Samuel Cobb, £16 ; and meadow at Rowley's Spring, formerly 
his father's, £12. He had a large personal estate, including one- 
sixth of a sloop, shares in whale boats, &c. 

Capt. Thomas Dimmoek married Desire Sturgis. He died 
Sept. 9, 1697, and she married 2d, Col. John Thacher, 2d of that 
name, Nov. 10, 1698, by whom she had six children. She died 
29th March, 1749, in the 84th year of her age. Her husband 
wrote some highly eulogistic poetry on her death. }: 

His children born in Barnstable were : 

14. I. Mehitabel, born Oct. 1686. She married Capt. John 
Davis Aug. 13, 1705, and died May 1775, aged 88. (For 
a notice of her see Davis.) 

15. II. Temperance, June 1689, married June 2, 1709, Benja- 
min Freeman of Harwich, and has numerous descendants. 

16. III. Edward, born 5th July 1692. (See account of his 
family below.) 

17. IV. Thomas, born 25th Dec. 1694. Of this son I have 
no information. 

18. V. Desire, born Feb. 1696, married Job Gorham Dec. 4, 
1719, died Jan. 28, 1732-3. 

fThis is the tradition which has been preserved in the neighborhood; but I find no men- 
tion of his death in the histories of the times which I have consulted. It was the last year 
of King "Williams' war, and great alarm prevailed throughout New England that tlie 
country would be invaded by the French. Capt. Dimmoek was engaged in the whale 
fishery, and he may have been on a whaling voyage at the time ; but the statement in the 
text is probably accurate. 

XI have the original in the hand-writing of Col. Thatcher. I preserve it not for the 
poetry; but because it is written on the back of a valuable historical document. 


6. John Dimmock, or Dimuck, as he wrote his name, son of 
Ensign Shubael, was a farmer and resided in Barnstable till 
October 1709, when he exchanged his farm in Barnstable contain- 
ing forty acres of upland and thirty of meadow, his liouselot and 
commonage, with Samuel Sturgis of Barnstable, for a farm on 
Monosmenekecon Neck, in Falmouth, containing 150 acres and 
other lands in the vicinity of said Neck, and removed to that 
town, where he has descendants. His house in Barnstable is now 
owned by Mr. Wm. W. Sturgis. He married, Nov. 1689, Eliza- 
beth Lumbert, and had nine children born in Barnstable, viz : 

19. I. Sarah, born Dec. 1690. 

20. II. Anna, or Hannah, last of Julv 1692. 

21. III. Mary, June 1695. 

22. IV. Theophilus, Sept. 1696, married Sarah, daughter of 
Benjamin Hinckley, Oct. 1, 1722. 

23. V. Timothy, July 1698. 

24. VI. Ebenezer, Feb. 1700. 

25. VII. Thankful, 5th April. 1702. 

26. VIII. Elizabeth, 20th April, 1704, married John Lovell 

27. IX. David, baptized 19th May, 1706. 

7. Timothy Dimmock, son of Ensign Shubael, removed to 
Mansfield, Conn., and from thence to Ashford where he died 
about the year 1733. His wife was named Abigail. She had six 
children born in Mansfield. Timothy, born June 5, 1703, is the 
first named on the record. He had also Israel and Ebenezer, the 
latter born 22d Nov. 1715, and was the grandfather of Col. J. 
Dimick of Fort Warren, Boston harbor. He has many descend- 
ants in Connecticut. 

8. Shubael Dimock, son of Ensign Shubael, resided in 
Barnstable. He married Tabitha Lothrop May 4, 1699. She 
died July 24, 1727, aged 56 years; he died Dec. 16, 1728, aged 
55 years'. Both are buried in the ancient grave yard on the Old 
Meeting House Hill. His father, on his removal to Mansfield, 
gave him a share of his estate. His children, born in Barnstable, 
were — 

28. I. Samuel, born 7th May, 1702, married Hannah Davis 
1724. June 1, 1740, she was dismissed to the church in 
Tolland, Conn. She died in Barnstable, a widow, Oct. 13, 
1755 ; but the family probably remained in Connecticut. 
They had seven children born in Barnstable: 1, Mehitable, 
April 25, 1722, Sabbath ; 2, Samuel, Oct. 17, 1726, Monday ; 
3, Hannah, Nov. 26, 1728, Tuesday ; 4, Shubael, 31st Janu- 
ary, 1731, Sabbath ; 5, Joseph, Feb. 19, 1733, Monday; 
6, Mehitabel, 29th Sept. 1735, Monday ; 7, Daniel, May 28, 
1738, Sabbath ; 8, David, 1745. (Born in Connecticut.) 

Samuel Dimmock has numerous descendants. He resided 


several years in Saybrook, Conn. His widow, as above stated, 
died ill Barnstable, and it is said that he also died in his native 
town. His son Samuel died at Albany in 1756 ; Shubael went to 
Mansfield, and it is said removed to Nova Scotia, before the Revo- 
lution ; Joseph lived many years in Wethersfield, Conn., and died 
in 182.5 at one of his daughter's in Greenville, N. Y., aged 92. 
Several of his descendants were sea captains and lost at sea. 
.Joseph .J. Dimock, late Assistant Secretary of State, Hartford, is 
a great grandson of .Joseph. Daniel, son of Samuel, lived in the 
eastern part of Connecticut. David Dimock, a son of Samuel, 
born after his removal from Barnstable, removed from Wethers- 
field to Montrose, Penn., and died there in 1832, aged 87. 
Davis, a son of David, was a Baptist preacher of some note — a 
man all work — baptized 2,000 persons — preached 8,000 sermons — 
a practicing physician — acting county judge, &c. The descend- 
ants of David at Montrose are among the most worthy and influ- 
ential in that region. Milo M., a son, was a member of Congress 
in 1852, Associate Judge, &c. 

29. II. David, baptized 11th June, 1704 Married Thankful 
Cobb, October 14, 1746. (Doubtful.) 

30. III. Joanna, born 24th Dec. 1708; died January, 1709. 

31. IV. Mehitable, born 26th June, 1711. 

32. V. Shubael, baptized April, 1706. 

9. Joseph Dimmock, son of Ensign Shubael, married, 12th 
May, 1699, Lydia, daughter of Doct. John Fuller. She learned 
the trade of tailoress, and after the death of her father, Stephen 
Skiff, Esq., of Sandwich, was her guardian. Her mother-in-law 
administered on the estate, and May 9, 1700 she acknowledges the 
receipt of £75. from her said mother, then wife of Capt. John 
Lothrop, in full for her right in her father's estate. Several mem- 
bers of this family removed to Connecticut. She died there 
November 6, 1755, aged 80. Children born in Barnstable: 

33. I. Thomas, born 26th January, 1699-1700. 

84. II. Bethiah, 3d Febuary, 1702. Married, 1726, Samuel 
Annable. Oct. 22, 1751, dismissed from the Barnstable 
Church to the church in Scotland, Conn. 

35. III. Mehitable, 22d Nov., 1707, married Thomas Crocker, 
1727, died 1729. 

36. IV. Ensign, (?) born 8th Nov., 1709, married Abigail 
Tobey, of Sandwich, Oct. 19, 1731, and had — 1, Thomas, 
29th Oct. 1732; 2, Mehitable, 12th April 1735; 3, Joseph, 
12th July, 1740. 

Joseph Dimmock resided in the east parish. His house stood 
on the spot where Asa Young, Esq., now resides. It was a two 
story single house like his brother's, father's and grandfather's. 
On his removal to Connecticut it wa.s sold to the Sturgis's, and 
passed from them into the possession of Bangs Young and his son 


Asa. It was taken down about 30 years ago. "fShuball Dim- 
mack" of Maasfield, oa the 6th of" March, 1705-G, "for the 
natural affection he bears to his son Joseph Dimmock," conveyed 
to him eight acres of land on the west side of his gi'eat lot (now 
Joshua Thayer's home lot) with one acre more on the north side 
of the road (now the house lot of Asa Young, Esq.) This laud, 
at the time, was under lease to Shubael Dimmock, Jr. The con- 
ditions of the deed were as follows: "That the said Joseph Dim- 
mock shall not make sale, or give conveyance of the said given 
and granted nine acres of land from his heirs to any stranger or 
person whatever, except it bee to some or one of his brothers 
John or Shubael Dimmock, or their heirs of the race of the Dim- 
mocks, unless they or either of them, or theirs, shall refuse upon 
tender of sale of the premises to give the true and just value 
thereof for the time being, that any other will give in reality, 
bonejide, without deceit, or what it may be valued at by two indif- 
ferent or uninterested persons." Similar provisio.ns I presume 
were incorporated in the deeds to his other sons. Excepting one 
small house lot, all the lands of Ensign Dimmock passed out of 
the possession of the Dimmocks fifty years ago, and all the lands 
of the elder a century ago. As numerous as this family was at 
the beginning of the eighteenth century, there is now only one, a 
maiden lady, who bears the name in the town of Barnstable. 

37. V. Ishabod, born 8th March, 1711. 

38. VI. Abigail, born 31st June, 1714, married Thomas Anna- 
ble April 1, 1768, his third wife and was the mother of 
Abigail and Joseph, the latter yet remembered bv the aged. 

39. VII. Pharoh, 2d Sept. 1717.- 

40. VIII. David, 22d Dec, 1721. (I think this David married 
Thankful Cobb.) David, the son of Shubael, is named in 
the church, but not in the town records, indicating that he 
died early. 

11. Benjamin Dimmock, son of Ensign Shubael, removed 
with his father to Mansfield, Conn. Also his sisters Joanna and 
Thankful ; but my correspondent, Wm. L. Weaver, Esq., to whom 
1 am largely indebted for information respecting this and other 
Connecticut families, gives me no particulars respecting them. 

16. Edward Dimmock, son of Capt. Thomas, resided on the 
paternal estate. He was a lieutenant in the militia and his com- 
mission, jengrossed on parchment, is preserved by his descendants. 
He was captain of the 1st Company, 7th Mass. Regiment, in the 
expedition against LouL-^burg, liis commission bearing date Feb. 
15, 1744, O. S. He married in 1720 Hannah , and had — 

41. I. Anna, 23d Nov. 1721. Married Thomas Agrey or 
Egred March 7, 1749. He is said to have been the first in 
Barnstable who made ship-building a business. Many who 
afterwards built vessels in Barnstable served their appren- 


ticeship with him. He had a son John born in Barnstable 
.Jan. 2, 1752. He removed to Maine where he has descend- 

42. II. Thomas, baptized July 25, 1725, died young. 

43. III. Edward, baptized March 17, 1726, died young. 

44. IV. Thomas, born 16th March, 1727, married Elizabeth 
Bacon Oct. 7, 1755, and had Charles 10th Dec. 1756, a 
master ship carpenter, the father of the late John L. Uim- 
moch: of Boston, and Col. Charles Dimmock of Richmond, 
Va., and others; 2, Hannah, 21st July, 1758. In her old 
age she became the fourth wife of Capt. Job Chase of Har- 
wich ; 3, John, 16th June, 1764. 

Children of Timothy Dimmock and his wife Abigail, born in 
Mansfield, Conn. : 

I. Timothy, June 2, 1703. 

II. John, Jan. 3, 1704-5, settled in Ashford. 

III. Shubael, May 27, 1707. 

IV. Daniel, Jan. 28, 1709-10. 

V. Israel, Dec. 22, 1710. 

VI. Ebenezer, Nov. 22, 1715. 

11. VII. Benj. Dimmock, son of JiUsigD Shubael, by his 
wife Mary, had the following children born in Mansfield, Conn. : 

I. Perez, June 14, 1704, married Mary Bayley Nov. 5, 1725, 
and had a familv. 

II. Mehitabel, June 8, 1706, died Dec. 1713. 

III. Peter, June 5, 1708, died Aug. 1714. 

IV. Mary, Sept. 14, 1710. 

V. Joanna, June 22, 1713. 

VI. Shubael, June 22, 1715. 

VII. Mehitabel, Aug. 6, 1719. 

12. VIII. Joannah Dimmock, daughter of Ensign Shubael, 
married, Oct. 6, 1709, at Windham, Josiah Conant, son of P^xoise, 
and grandson of Roger, a man of note in early times. She had 
only one child, Shubael, born July 15, 1711. Shubael Conant 
was a very prominent man in Mansfield. He was a judge of the 
court, held various town, county, and state offices, and was one of 
the Governor's Council of safety at the commencement of the 
Revolutionary War. 

13. IX. Thankful Dimmock, youngest daughter of Ensign 
Shubael, married, June 28, 1706, Dec. Edward Waldo, of Wind- 
ham. She had ten children, and died Dec. 13, 1757, aged 71 
years. Among her living descendants are Rev. Daniel Waldo, a 
grandson, of Syracuse, N. Y., aged one hundred years Sept. 10, 
1862 ; and Judge Loren P. Waldo, late Judge of the Superior 
Court of Connecticut. 

17. IV. Thomas Dimmock, son of Capt. Thomas, removed 
to Mansfield, Conn. He was an Ensign in the King's service, and 


died at Cuba in 1741. He married, Nov. 9, 1720, Anna, daugliter 
of Hezeldali Mason, a grandson of Major John Mason, of Nor- 
wich, Conn. His children born in Mansfield were : 

I. Silas, born , died Dec. 31, 1721. 

II. A Son, Oct. 3, 1722, died 6th of said month. 

III. Thomas, Oct. 25, 1723, died Nov. 25, 1726. 

IV. .lesse, Feb. 6, 1725-6, married Rachel Kidder, of Dudley, 
and had a family. 

V. Anna, Feb- 22, 1727-8. 

VI. Desire, Jan. 23, 1732-3, married Timothy Dimmock, of 
Coventry, and had a family. 

VII. Lott, Feb. 14, 1733-4, married Hannah Gusley and had 

VIII. Seth, June 5, 173G, died July 14, 1736. 

IX. Hezekiah, Dec. 3, 1739, married Alice Ripley and had 

23. V. Timothy Dimmock, a son of John, of Falmouth, 
removed to Mansfield, and married Ann, daughter of Mr. Joseph 
Bradford, Aug. 15, 1723, and had a family at Mansfield. 

These additions make the Dimmock genealogy almost perfect 
down to the fifth generation. Very few of the descendants of 
Filder Dimmock remain in Massachusetts. John, a grandson, has 
a few descendants in Falmouth. None in the male line remain in 
Barnstable. In Boston there are a few. Nearly all are in 
Connecticut, or trace their descent from Connecticut families. 

The Great Lot of Elder Dimmock — Thomas Lothrop, aged 
80 years on the 4th of April, 1701 , testified and said that he and 
Barnard Lumbard were appointed land measurers of the town of 
Barnstable — that "we did lay out the Great Lots twelve score pole 
long from the foot to the head ; the lots that were so laid out 
were Mr. Dimmock's and my father Lothrop's." 


Of this family I can furnisli little information. The family 
removed from Barnstable early. William, the only one of the 
name on the town records, married Mary, daughter of Henry 
Taylor, Dec. 1686, and had eight children born in Barnstable : 

I. Lvdia, 30th March, 1688. 

II. William, 30th Oct. 1690. 

III. Jonathan, Feb. 1692. 

IV. Henry, 11th April, 1093. 

V. Isabel, July 1695. 

VI. Ebenezer, 3d April, 1697. 

VII. Samuel, 30tb Oct., 1698. 

VIII. Judah, April, 1701. 


John Dunham of Barnstable, born in 1648, probably eldest 
son of John, Jr., of Plymouth, resided at the Indian Ponds, or 
Hamblin's Plain, as the neighborhood is now generally called. 
He died January 2, 1696-7, and in his noncupative will devises 
his estate, apprized at £223,13, to his wife Mary to pay his debts 
and bring up their children. He married, 1,' March, 1679-80, 
Mary, daughter of Rev. John Smith, and hail. 


I. Thomas, born 25th Dec. 1680. 

II. John, 18th May 1GS2. 

III. Ebenezei-, IVtli April, 1U84. 

IV. Desire, 10th Dee. 1685; married, March 11, 1712-13, 
Samuel Stetson, of Scituate. 

V. Elisha, 1st Sept. 1687 ; married Temperance Stewart, and 
was of Mansfield, Conn., 1729. 

VI. Mercy, 10th June, 1689 ; married Samuel Stetson, Dec. 
17, 1724. 

VII. Benjamin, 20th June, 1691. 

John Dunham was a member of the Plymouth Church, and 
afterwards of the Barnstable. He was not an original proprietor. 
He bought of Thomas Bowman, Jr., who removed to Falmouth, 
Feb. 18, 1685, three acres of land at the Herring Brook was laid 
out to him, bounded east by Goodspeed's old cart way that goeth 
from Ebenezer Goodspeed's house to the place where the old 
house of the said Goodspeed was by the salt marsh ; south and 
west by the cove and river, and north by the commons. On the 
10th of April, 1689, 30 acres which had been granted to him 
several years previous was laid out to him at Oysterhead river, 65 
rods square, bounded westerly by Herring River, southerly by 
John Leede, Senr's, marsh, easterly by John Goodspeed's cart 
way, and north by the commons. 


Capt. John Dickenson married, lOth July, 1651, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Mr. John Howland of Plymouth, and widow of 
Ephraim Hicks. She married Hicks 13th Sept. 1649, and he died 
three mouths after. He bought the lot which I presume was 
originally Rev. John Smith's, containing 8 acres, bounded west by 
the lot of Isaac Wells, and easterly by George Lewis. The new 
Court House stands near the western boundary of his lot. In 
1654, he had sold this lot to Isaac Wells, and had removed from 

In 1653, he was master of the Desire, of Barnstable, owned 


by C'apt. Samuel Mayo, Capt. Wm. Paddy, and John Barnes, and 
was employed to transport the goods of Rev. Wm. Leverich, of 
Sandwich, 'to Oyster Bay, Long Island. In Ilempsted harbor his 
vessel was seized by Capt. Thomas Baxter, who had received a 
commission from the Assembly of Providence plantation. The 
matter was immediately investigated by the commissioners of the 
United Colonies. The Assembly of '^Providence disapproved of 
the act of Baxter, stating that he had no authority to seize the 
Desire, and that his commission authorized him to seize Dutch, 
and not vessels belonging to citizens of the United Colonies. 


.John Dun came to Barnstable about the year 1720. His 
house stood on the hill at head, or south end of Straiglit Way, 
and his farm is yet known as Dun's field. He died .July 21, ITo.'i, 
aged 70, and his wife Experience Aug. 17, 1746, aged .50. He 
was a member of the East Church, and his children, Dorothy, 
Mary, and Elizabeth, were baptized April 17, 1726; John and 
Martha, April 24, 1726; Thomas, Oct. 1.5, 1727, and another 
Thomas Sept. 29, 1734. 

Dorothy married in 1743, Josiah Smith, tlien a resident in 
Plymouth; Elizabeth was published in 174,5, to Thomas Thomas, 
of Cambridge; but July 26, 1748, married Benjamin Casely. 

He has no male descendants ni Barnstable, and I have no 
information relative to his earlv iiistorv. 


Respecting this family I have little information. In 1725 
there were three of the name in Yarmouth, William, Edward and 
Samuel, and they married a trio of sisters named Baxter, daugh- 
ters of Temperance, the wife of Hon. Shubael Baxter. Of the 
paternity of Mrs. Baxter, and how it happened that she had three 
daughters of the name of Baxter, before her last marriage, I am 
unable to explain. 

William Downs, of Yarmouth, married, June, 1726, Eliza- 
beth Baxter, and had Elizabeth Aug. 1, 1727; Desire, Dec. 10, 
1728 ; Barnabas, Aug. 8, 1730 ; Thankful, Sept. 22, 1732-; Mary, 
April 12, 1734; Jabez, March 23, 1735-6; A daughter, Oct. 29, 
1737, died 7 days after; Sarah, Dec. 15, 1738 ; William, Dec. 5, 
1740 ; Isaac, April 5, 1742 ; Lydia, Jan. 20, 1743-4 ; and Benja- 
min, Nov. 20, 1749. 

Edward Downs, of Yarmouth, married in 1728, Mary Baxter, 
and had Jerusha, 4th Aug. 1729 ; Bethia, 8th June, 1734 ; 
Thomas, 27th Oct. 1735 ; Robert, 6th March, 1736-7 ; Betty, 3d 
Nov. 1739. 

Samuel Downs married, Feb. 25, 1730-1, Temperance Baxter. 
He removed to Barnstable owned and kept the public house known 
in subsequent times as Lydia Sturgis' tavern.* He died in 1748, 
and his wife Temperance administered on his estate July 6, 1748, 

* In the notice of Cornelius Crocker, Senr, 1 state that the Sturgis Tavern was built by 
Samuel Downs in 1686. [This statement was omitted by the Editor in this reprint, it being 
obviously iueon'ect.] This information I obtained from the late Cornelius Crocker, who 
said he had deeds and papers to substantiate his statement. These papers cannot now be 
found. lie was mistaken. If the house was built in 1686, it was not built by Samuel 
Downs, because he had not then seen liis first birthday. If built by him, it was probably 
built in 1731. Its architecture does not indicate that it was built so early as 1684. The 
tradition is, that it was built the same year that the Court House was. The first County 
Court in Barnstable was held on the third I'uesday of June, 1686. It was a meeting to 
organize — no actions were tried. Neither the Court House nor the Sturgis tavern had been 
constructed April 1686. The Court House was probably built in the latter part of the year 

In the same article I 0ve a wrong .location of Otis Loring's blacksmith's shop. It 
stood on the south side of the road, about half way ft'om the Sturgis to the Loriug tavern, 
on the spot where the shop recently occupied by Isaac Chipman now stands. The black- 
smith's shop opposite the Lorin^ tavern, was built by Isaac Lothrop about the year 1788. 


whic-h was apprized tit £050. The description of tiie house at 
that time shows that the only alteration since made is the "L" on 
the east end. Soon after this dale, she married Nathaniel Howes, 
of Harwich, who resided near the Herring River, and was an 
"inn holder." 

The children of Samuel Downs were Nathaniel, Shubael, Bax- 
ter, .Jonathan, Hannah, who married a Gage, Temperance, who 
married a Kelley, and Jane who married a Hall ; all living Feb. 
24, 1773. 

Barnabas Downs, son of William, born in Yarmouth, Aug. 8, 
1730, resided in Barnstable. His farm was on the east side of 
Dimmock's lane. It was on the south of the great lot of Barnabas 
Lumbert. His house, a small one story building, stood near the 
woodland. His farm contained about thirty acres of cleared land 
and would not now sell for more than $100, yet he kept thereon a 
large stock of cattle, one or more horses, and a large flock of 
sheep, and raised an abundance of grain and vegetables for the 
supply of his large family. His sheep and young cattle ran at 
large in the summer, and his hay he procured from the salt mead- 
ows at Sandy Neck. He was one of that class of small farmers 
which at that time comprised more than half of the rural popula- 
tion of Barnstable — hard working, industrious men, who lived 
comfortable, and brought up their families respectably, on means 
which would now be considered totally inadequate. Barnabas 
Downs lived on the produce of his own lands. His clothing was 
manufactured in his own house. With the blacksmith, the shoe- 
maker, and the carpenter, he exchanged labor for labor. The few 
groceries he wanted, he obtained by exchanging his surplus pro- 
duce with the trader, or by the sale of onions in Boston. He had 
very little money, and he needed but little. He was the most in- 
dependent of men. Six days he laboi'ed and did all his work, and 
the seventh was a day of rest. 

He became a member of the East Church in Barnstable, July 
4, 1779, and regularly attended all its meetings and ordinances. 
As certain as the Sabbath came, Mr. Downs would be seen riding 
on horseback to meeting, with his wife seated on a pillion behind 
him. Everybody then attended meeting on the Sabbath, and if 
they were no better men and women in consequence, they certain- 
ly were no worse. 

He married four wives ; 1st, Mercy Lumbert, Sept. 20, 1753, 
by whom he had three children; 2d, Mary Cobb, Sept. 23, 1759, 
by whom he had eight children, she died April 1780 ; 3d, Eliza- 
beth Sturgis, who died Feb. 1772 ; 4th, widow Sarah Spencer, Oct. 
7, 1792. She was a daughter of Ebenezer Case, and taught a 
small school while a widow at her home. Whitney had not then 
invented the cotton gin, and cotton was then sold with the seeds, 
which iiad to be picked out by hand. Mrs. Spencer, to keep her 


pupils quiet, gave eacli a small bunch of cotton to piclr duriug 
school hours. He died April 18, 1620, in the 90th year of his 

His children born in Barnstable were : 
I. James, born May 12, 1754, married Joanna Bacon, resided in 
Barnstable and had a family. He was more distinguished for 
his wit than sound judgment. Many anecdotes of him are re- 
lated. One day when at work for Col. James Otis, the men 
sent him at eleven o'clock for their usual mug of beer. James 
was sent to the cellar ; but a barrel of rum standing near, he 
tilled the tankard with the stronger liquor. On his return, he 
saw Col. Otis with the workmen, and to avoid detection, he 
contrived to stumble down and spill the liquor. Col. Otis, 
who had watched his motions, called to him and said, "Jim, 
br,ing me that tankard." He obeyed. Col. Otis, smelling the 
vessel, discovered the trick. Instead of reproving him, he 
ordered him to go and fill the tankard again from the same 
barrel, and be more careful in returning. James did not 
stumble on his return. 

Shubael Gorham and his wife Desire, were his neighbors, 
and he delighted in cracking his jokes at their expense. 
n. Barnabas, born Oct. 2, 1756. He served three campaigns in 
the Revolutionary War. Afterwards he shipped on board tlie 
private armed schooner Bunker Hill, Capt. Isaac Cobb. Six 
days after leaving port, the schooner was taken by the P^ng- 
lish brig Hope, Capt. Brown, and carried to Halifax. After 
his return he shipped in Boston, on board the private armed 
brig Gen. Arnold, Capt. James Magee, wrecked in Plymouth 
harbor, Dec. 27, 1778. He published an auto-biography — a 
pamphlet of about a dozen pages — printed by John B. Downs, 
a son of Prince. Many copies were sold ; it is now extremely 
rare — only one copy was found after much inquiry. If none 
had been found, little information would have been lost. He 
furnishes few facts, and his narrative of the shipwreck is 
meagre and unsatisfactory. 

I have often heard Mr. Downs relate the particulars of the 
shipwreck in plain and simple words ; but with a pathos and feel- 
ing that would draw tears from the eyes of the most obdurate. 
Nearly half a century has passed since he told his simple story of 
the horrid sufferings endured by that ill-fated crew, yet few of the 
circumstances have faded from memory. It is from my recollec- 
tion of his conversations, from the published statements of Capt. 
Magee, and the narrative of Cornelius Merchant, Esq., that I 

t He was carried as was the uniform custom at that time, on a bier from his house to the 
grave, a liistance ot nearly two miles. I was one of the six carriers. He weighed over 200 
pounds when he died, and I shall never forget his funeral, for my bones aclie, even now, 
when I think of that long tramp with at least 75 pounds on one shoulder. In those days, it 
would have boon deemed a sacrilege to have carried a corpse to the grave in a hearse. 


have compiled the following account of the shipwreck ; not from 
"The Life of Barnabas Downs, Jr." : 

The Gen. Arnold was a new vessel, mounted 20 guns, with u 
crew of 105 men and boys. Of these twelve were from Barn- 
stable, namely, Mr. John" Russell, captain of the marines, Barna- 
bas Lothrop,"jr., Daniel Hall, Thomas Casely, Ebenezer Bacon, 
Jesse Garrett, John Berry, Barnabas Howes, Stephen Bacon, 
Jonathan Lothrop, Barnabas Downs, Jr., and Boston Crocker, a 
negro servant of Joseph Crocker. In the Boston Gazette of Jan. 
4, 1779, Barnabas Lothrop, Jr., is included in the list of surviv- 
ors. It appears that he was alive when taken from the wreck, 
but died on his way or soon after reaching tlie shore. Barnabas 
Downs, Jr., was the sole survivor of the twelve from the East 
Parish in Barnstable 

The Gen. Arnold, Capt. James Magee, sailed from Nantasket 
Roads, Boston, on Thursday, Dec. 24, 1778, in company with the 
privateer sloop Revenge, Capt. Barrow,. mounting ten guns. In 
the Bay they encountered a violent north-east storm. Its severity 
is perhaps unparalled in the annals of New England. This is the 
unanimous verdict of those who lived at that time, and even to 
this day the aged remark respecting a very violent storm, "it is 
almost as severe as the Magee storm." The Revenge being in 
good sailing trim weathered Cape Cod, and afterwards arrived at 
the West Indies. 

Capt. Magee was unable to weather the Race. On Friday, 
Dec. 25, the gale having subsided, at 5 o'clock in the afternoon, 
he anchored off Plymouth. Having no pilot, he did not judge it 
prudent to run into the harbor. 

In the course of the night the gale increased in violence, and 
on the morning of Saturda}', Dec. 26, Capt. Magee says, it was 
"the severest of all storms," — a strong expression, yet the testi- 
mony of many witnesses justifies its use. 

Capt. Magee was a good sailor. In the hour of difficulty and 
danger he was calm, hopeful, self-reliant. Without these quali- 
ties, the most experience and energetic often fail. The sixteen 
main deck guns were lowered into the hold, the topmasts were 
struck, the sails snugly furled, long scopes given to the cables, 
and all those other little precautions which will suggest themselves 
to the mind of a sailor, were taken to prevent tiae brig from 
dragging her anchors. All these precautions did not prevent her 
from dragging. She drove towards the shore and struck on 
White Flat, a shoal in Plymouth harbor. 

While preparing to cut away the masts to prevent rolling and 
bilging, a disturbance occurred among some of the sailors who 
had become intoxicated. By the prudent management of the 
officers, order was again re-established. 

The brig rolled and tlmmped violently on tlie flat, and in the 


course of Saturday af.te.rnoon bilged and filled witji water. Up to 
this time the officers and crew had found shelter in the cabin and 
forecastle, and none had then perished. The water was nearly 
on a level with, the main deck, tlie tide was rising, and no shelter 
could be obtained below. Tlie high quarter deck was the only 
place that afforded the least prospect of safety. A sail was 
extended from the topsail boom on the larbord side, to the star- 
bord quarter rail, and a partial protection fropa the storm was 
obtained. More crowded under the sail than could stand without 
jostling against each other, and many were thrown on the deck. 

It was now Saturday afternoon. The storm raged with 
fearful intensity, the snow fell thick and fast, smothering the men, 
darkening the air, and rendering objects at a little distance 
invisible. The waves dashed ifuriously against the vessel and fell 
in frozen spray on the ill-fated , mariners. The brig rolled and 
thumped so violently that none could stand without support. 

The authority of j;he officers had ceased. — each one sought, as 
best he could, his own safety. Some of the sailors had not only 
drank to excess, but to keep their feet from freezing, had filled 
their boots with, rum, and thpy were among the first to yield 
to despair. 

Capt. John Russell, of Barnstable^ was the first who perished. 
He was large, stout, courageous, and capable of much physical 
endurance. He was thirty-one years of age, in the prime of life, 
and while exhorting the men not to despair, telhng them the 
vessel was new and strong, and would hold together, he slipped, 
fell heavily to the deck, sinking to rise no more. 

"Thinking: o*er al] the bitterness of death, 
Mix'd with the tender anguish nature sliootp 
Through the wrung bosom ot the dying man, 
His wife, his children, and liis friciids unseen." 

Mr. William Russell, the first lieutenant, had carefully 
watched the flow of the tide, about' sunset announced tlie welcome 
intelligence that the tide was on the ebb. This gave courage to 
the survivors, for their only hope of relief -depended on the fall of 
the tide. The water was then ankle deep' on the main deck, and 
if it had continued to rise the vessel would have broken up, and 
all would have been lost; 

At nine o'dock on Saturday evening the tide had receded, the 
wreck lay motionless on the flat, and no frozen spray fell on 
the deck. 

Towards Sunday morning, Dec; 27, the wind veered to the 
northwest, and the cold increased. The morning sun rose in a 
clear sky, the wind had abated ; but the cold was intense. At this 
time thirty had perished ; some had been smothered by the snow, 
others were frozen, and a few had been washed off the deck and 

Early on Sunday forenoon three men, Abel Willis, of Rock 
Island, David Dunham, of Falmouth, and John Robinson, an 


Irish sailor, neither much frozen, volunteered to attempt to obtain 
assistance. They took the yawl, which had caught under the 
larbord gang-board, and proceeded to the ice, which commenced 
about ten rods from the brig, and thence travelled to a small 
schooner, laying in the ice about half a mile to the southward, 
belonging to Duxbury, and then recently from Boston, with three 
or four men and a lady on board. When tliese men reached the 
schooner, the living on boai-d the wreck were elated with the 
prospect of immediate relief. The men did not return. 

Before leaving the wreck these men had made a solemn 
promise that if they reached the schooner they would procure 
assistance and return. They did neither. The survivors watched 
with eager eyes — they saw no movement on board the schooner — 
their boat was gone, and no one could now reach the ice. 

Every effort was now made to convince the inhabitants on 
shore that some were yet alive on the wreck. Capt. Magee tied a 
handkerchief to a staff, which he waived, and at the same time all 
the survivors simultaneously made a loud wail, hoping that the 
sound might reach the shore. 

The people of Plymouth for some hours previously, had been 
aware of their situation, and made every exertion in their power, 
but in vain, to reach the wreck, and afford relief. The harbor 
was filled with loose cakes of ice, over and through which they 
found it impossible to force a boat. 

With the setting sun on Sunday night, the last ray of hope 
of relief faded away and perished — some yielding to despair, and 
laid down to rise no more — stout youths who had been playmates 
in their native village, embraced and clasped in each other's arms, 
quietly yielded up their spirits to God — middle aged men carried 
in their arms boys placed in their care, till death relieved them of 
the burden. To the few yet remaining who did not yield to 
despair, another long and dreadful night was approaching, with no 
hope of relief till after the rising of Monday morning's sun. 
Wet, faint with hunger, benumbed with cold, and frost bitten — 
the thermometer at zero — a tattered sail, and the bleached, 
stiffened corpses of half their late companions piled around, was 
their only protection from the piercing wind and cutting frost. 

Under such circumstances, the stoutest heart might quail. 
Capt. Magee was heard to lisp only one word of complaint — he 
never despaired — he cheered and encouraged his men to persevere. 
Sunday night was clear, and he knew that with the thermometer at 
zero none could survive if they sat still on the deck. 

A piercing northwest wind rendered their sufferings intense, 
and to pass away that long and dreadful night, various expedients 
were resorted to. Unable to stand and keep in motion all the 
time, they sat down in circles, and with their legs crossed over one 
another, by constant friction, strove to keep their feet from 


freezing. None would have survived if our master spirit had not 
been there to cheer them by his words, and encourage them by 
his example. 

Monday morning at last dawned on the sufferers — it was 
serene and beautiful — but its light revealed to the survivors the 
sad havoc which death had made on that dreary night. The 
quarter-deck was covered with the dead and the dying — blanched 
and frozen bodies were lying in every position — some as they had 
expired — others piled in heaps to give more room for the living, 
or a breast-work to protect them from the piercing wind that was 
seizing on their vitals. 

Late on Monday forenoon, Dec. 28, relief came. Early in the 
morning the .shore was thronged with people — some were collect- 
ing materials, and others were building a causeway, from one cake 
of ice to another, and thus a pathway was made to the wreck. 

To relieve the living was their first care, and to distinguish 
between some of them and the dead, was not easy. Barnabas 
Downs, .Jr., lay on the deck motionless and apparently dead — ^yet 
living and perfectly conscious. He heard the conversation — they 
had passed by him as dead. He exerted all his remaining strength 
to move, and exhibit some sign of vitality. He moved his eye- 
lids, which fortunately was noticed, and he was carried to the 
shore — revived and soon after was able to speak. 

Of the 105 who sailed from Boston on the Thursday preceed- 
ing, only 33 were then living. Of these, nine died before the end 
of nine days ; eight were invalids ever after, and sixteen entirely 
recovered. Capt. Magee and Mr. "William Russell lived twenty 
years, Barnabas Downs, Jr., thirty-nine years, and Cornelius 
Marchant, Esq., the last survivor, died Oct. 1, 1838, aged 75 
years. He was only 15 when he shipped, and during the storm of 
Saturday and Saturday night he stood at the tafel rail, with 
nothing to protect him from its violence. 

The people of Plymouth, remarks Capt. Magee, with "that 
tenderness and social sympathy which does honor to human 
nature," then opened their houses, received the survivors as they 
would a brother or a father, watched over them, and administered 
to their wants everything which necessity demanded or kindness 
could suggest. 

The seventy-two dead, frozen in every variety of form, were 
laid in Mill river to thaw before the rights of sepulchre were per- 
formed. The bodies were af terwa,rds put into coffins, and removed 
to the Court House where funeral services were performed. 

So solemn and affecting a spectacle is rarely witnessed. 
Around that ancient hall seventy-two dead were aiTanged. Their 
friends were far away ; yet real mourners were there, the people of 
old Plymouth attended (a mass. The profound solemnity of the 
scene choked the utterance of the officiating clergyman — the 


congregation sympathized with him in feeling — the deep silence 
which pervaded the hall was only broken by the half suppressed 
sobs of the audience. Silence is more eloquent than words — it 
drew tears from every eye, and its teachings were not soon 

Capt. John Russell and Mr. Daniel Hall, of Barnstable, and 
perhaps one or two others were interred in separate graves. 
About seventy were committed to one common grave, and no 
stone marked the place of their sepulchre till 1862, wlien a 
generous son of old Plymouth erected at his own expense, a beau- 
tiful granite monument to their memory. 

The deep snow had blocked the roads rendering them impassa- 
ble, and it was several days before the intelligence of the disaster 
reached Barnstable. Mr. Barnabas Downs, Mr. Oris Bacon and 
others, who had friends on board the Gen. Arnold, immediately 
proceeded to Plymouth. Of the twelve who went from Barnstable 
they found only Barnabas Downs, Jr., living. Barnabas Lothrop 
was living when the Plymotheans reached the wreck ; but he 
soon died. 

Mr. John Thacher brought Mr. Downs from Plymouth. No 
carriage* set on springs was then owned in Barnstable, and if 
there had been one, the deep snow with which the roads between 
Sandwich and Plymouth were blocked, would have prevented its 
use. Mr. Thaoher constructed an ambulance which at this day 
would excite much curiosity. He took two long slender poles; at 
one end a horse was harnessed as into the shafts of a carriage, and 
at the other, another; horse was harnessed, only in the reverse of 
the usual position, both heading the same way, with a space of 
about ten feet between them. That space was covered with a 
netting, which hung down like a hammock between the poles. On 
this a feather-bed and bedding were laid, and in which Mr. Downs 
was placed. Mr. Thacher rode on the head horse, and thus 
brought the patient to his father's house. 

On the sea coast, in all parts of the world, there are "moon 
cursers," that is men who hold that it is no sin to steal from a 
shipwrecked mariner. To the everlasting honor of the Plymouth- 
eans, they had not forgotten the rigid morality taught by their 
Pilgrim fathers — there were no "moon cursers" there. Capt. 
Magee, the friends of the deceased who went from Barnstable, 
and the Vineyard, bear one testimony — every article recovered 
from the wreck was carefully preserved, and returned to its right- 
ful owner or to his heirs. 

The history of Plymouth will be studied as long as man 
exists, and the two facts we have named will ever be bright jewels 

*Dr. Bourne had a chilise at that time, tlie only one then o\™ed in Barnstable and said 
to have been tlie first in tomi. Doct. Hersey liad a chair, or snlkey, whether as' carlv a s 
this date, T am unable to say. ^ 


in her diadem, namely, the noble, generous hospitality which her sons 
and daughters extended to the shipwrecked mariners of the Gen. 
Arnold, and second, the scrupulous honesty they displayed in re- 
storing every article found, however small in value, to its rightful 

Soon after Mr. Downs was taken on shore sensation and 
speech were restored. While lying on the deck he could see and 
hear — was perfectly conscious of his situation — suffered no pain — 
but could not move a limb — and if left, would have died without 
a struggle. With the return of feeling, his pains became most 
excruciating. He always said that he suffered far more during 
the time in which he partook of the hospitality of Plymouth 
friends, than he did while on the wreck. 

Mr. Downs lost his feet. The toes and heel of each were 
frozen, and the flesh sloughed off leaving stumps which did not 
heal over till a few months before his death. He used crutches, 
and ever after walked on his knees. 

He married, Nov. 23, 1784, Sarah Hamblin, and had a 
family, several of whom yet survive. He died in the summer of 
1817. That year a young physician had opened an office in Barn- 
stable, and desirous of performing some cure that would give him 
a name and reputation, said to Mr. Downs, "I can cure your 
feet." He did so. Mr. Downs immediately after became very 
fleshy, and at sunset on the day of his death remarked to a 
neighbor that he never felt so well in his life, and exhibited his 
arms and legs to show how fleshy and strong he was. Two hours 
after he died. Dissolution commenced immediately, and he had 
to be buried the next forenoon. 

Barnabas Downs, Jr., resided in the ancient Lumbert house, 
on the high ground south of Lumbert's pond. He was honest 
and industrious, and though he went about on his knees, he 
worked in his garden in pleasant weather, cut up his wood, and 
did many jobs about his house. In the winter, and during un- 
pleasant weather he coopered for his neighbors. He also cast 
spoons, ink stands, and other small articles, in pewter or lead, a 
business in which he exhibited some skill. 

He rode to meeting on the Sabbath on horseback, and few 
can now be found who can mount or dismount quicker than he 
did. He and his wife were admitted to the East Church Oct. 10, 
1804, and his children, James Magee, Timothy, Catherine, Tem- 
perance, and Ruth Hamblin, were then baptized. 

He was a pious man, and being considered a worthy object of 
charity, a collection was annually taken up for his benefit by the 
church. The benevolent often remembered him, and though he 
had but few of this world's goods, he lived comfortably and re- 
spectably. His wife was a pattern of neatness. Neither a 
paint-brush nor a carpet was ever seen in her house, yet frequent 


washings had polished the walls, and the floors were as white as 
sand scouring could make them. 

The other children of Barnabas Downs, Sen'r, were : 3, 

Prince, born Dec. 5, 17.58, married Bacon; 4, Mercy, 

born Oct. 8, 1765, lived to old age unmarried ; .5, Eachell, Sept. 
7, 1766, married Shubael Hamblin, Jr., 2.5th Nov. 1787; 6, 
Mary, born April 11, 1767, married Henry Cobb ; 7, Elizabeth, 
July'^25, 1768, married Stephen Bearse Nov. 29, 1790 ; 8, David, 
born Dec. 20, 1769, married Rebecca Hallett, died at sea; 9, 
Samuel, June 7, 1771, married Lucy Childs May 2, 1797; 10, 
Edward, Sept. 13, 1773; 11, Abigail, Oct. 7, 1778, married 
Lewis Cobb, Aug. 30, 1804. He is living — she died recently. 

NOTE.— The date nl' tlic deixtli of Bamiibiis Downs, printed neiir the top of page 351, 
as the reader has doubtless concluded, should read 1820 instead of 1620. 


The Easterbrooks families of Barnstable are descendants of 
Capt. John Easterbrooljs, a native of Ireland, probably one of 
the Scotch Irish. The progenitors of the families of this name at 
Concord and Swanzey, came from Enfield, in Middlesex County, 
England, about the year 1660. 

Capt. Easterbrooks married Aug. 23, 1749, Abigail Gorham. 
He was a sea-captain — a man of good sense, and sound judg- 
ment. He resided on the estate which was the homestead of his 
father-in-law, bounded on the west by the eastern lane to the In- 
dian lands. His wife died in 1794, aged 65, and he July 2, 1802, 
aged 75. His children born in Barnstable were : 

I. Rachell, Aug. 10, 1750. 

II. Gorham, Julv 7, 1756. 

III. Elizabeth, July 2, 1759. 

IV. Samuel, Jan. 28, 1765. 

V. .John. (His birth is not on the town, nor is his baptism on 
the church records. 


VI. Joseph, baptized March 27, 1768. 

Capt. John Easterbrooks, Jr., was for many years captain of 
the Liberty, a packet from Barnstable to Boston.' 


Henry ICwell was from Sandwich, in the County of Kent. 
He was a shoemaker, came over in the ship Hercules, Capt. John 
Witherley, in March 1634-5. He settled in Scituate, and was a 
member of Mr. Lothrop's church. In 1637 he volunteered and 
was a soldier in the Pequod war. He was a freeman in 1638, 
and in 1639 removed to Barnstable, and about 1 646 returned to 
Scituate, where he died in 1681. He married, Nov. 23, 1638, 
Sarah Annable, daughter of Anthony Annable. His children 
were: John, born in Barnstable 1639-40; Ebenezer, 1643, and 
Sarah 1645 ; and Hannah, born in Scituate 1649 ; Gersham, 
1650; Bethia, 1653; lehabod, 1659; Deborah, 1663, and 
Eunice. Sarah ISwell, widow of Henry, died 1687. 

Henry Ewell's house and barn, in Scituate, valued at £10, 
was burnt by the Indians in 1676. His eldest son John, lived in 
Boston, and died at Newbury 1686. Ichabod lived on the pater- 
nal estate, and Gershom at "Cold Spring," Scituate. None of 
the name of Ewell now reside in Barnstable. 

He resided at West Barnstable, near Mr. Annable's. On 
the town records his name is recorded as Henry Coxswell — a 
blundei' of the town clerk. 


This name on the early Barnstable records is written Eiire, 
on the Colonj' records it is written Ure, Eue, Ewe, and Ewer. 
A Henry Eue was one of the first settlers in Sandwich. Dec. 4, 
1638, a warrant was directed to James Skiff, ordering him to re- 
carry Henry Eue and his wife and their goods, to the place where 
he brought them. This warrant does not appear to have been 
executed, for in 1640 he was an inhabitant of Sandwich and had 
a share assigned to him in the division of the common meadows. 
Mr. Freeman's statement that he was the ancestor of the Ewer 
family of Sandwich, requires confirmation ; because after 1640 
his name disappears on the records. 

In 1648, there was a John Eue at Hartford ; but it does not 
appear that he was connected with the Ewers of Massachusetts 
and Plymouth. 

"Thomas Ewer, aged 40, a tailor, embarked aboard the ship 
James, Jo. May, at London, June 19, 1635, for New England, 
with his wife Sarah, aged 28, and two children, Elizabeth, aged 4 
years, and Thomas, aged 1 1-2 years. He had at least two older 
children, not named in tiie Custom House recoi'ds, who came over 
subsequently, perhaps with their grandfather in 1638. 

1. Thomas Ewer married vSarah, daughter of Mr. Robert 
Linnell,* probably in London where he resided. It does. not ap- 
pear that he had any children born in this country. His children 
were : 

2. I. Sarah, born April 1627, married, June 18, 1645, 
Thomas Blossom, of Barnstable. 

3. II. Henry, born April 1629, married Mary , he died 

in 1652, and it is not known that he left issue. His widow 
became the second wife of John Jenkins 2d Feb. 1652-3. 

4. III. Elizabeth, born 1631, died in Barnstable, and was 
buried 9th April 1641. 

5. IV. Thomas, born 1633, married Hannah, , and died 

in Barnstable in 1667, aged 34. 

Thomas Ewer settled in Charlestown, where he acquired 
some notoriety as a politician. In 1637 Lord Ley brought a 

*Mi-. Savage anil otliers say William Lamed, Limiett or Linnell, I find written Larnett; 
easily transformed into Lamed. William and Robert are unlike, yet I leel eonfident that I 
am riarlit. 


charge against bim for using language disrespectful to the 
King, and afterwards he was prosecuted as one of the friends 
and supporters of Wheelwright ; but he recanted his opinions, 
proving himself not to be so firm a man as his son Thomas. 

He died in Charleston in 1638, and his widow Sarah mar- 
ried, Dec. 11, 1639, Thomas Lothrop. Her family removed with 
her to Barnstable. 

5. Respecting the family of Thomas Ewer, 2d, little is 
known. He removed to Sandwich early. In 1659 he had a 
family and resided near Spring Hill. He was a Quaker, and for 
refusing to take the oath of fidelity, and for attending Quaker 
meetings, was fined £20,10, which with expenses amounted to 
£25,8. In payment the Marshall seized a debt due him from 
Richard Chadwell for labor, £7,13 

In money taken out of his house, 6,17 

Clothing, new cloth, with other goods particularly 

named, 10,18 


From the new cloth taken (fonr yards of Kersey) George 
Barlow, the Marshall, had a coat made, and which he wore at 
Court. Ewer, seeing him have it on, asked the Magistrates, 
" Whether they owned George Barlow in wearing his cloth." To 
this question Gov. Prence replied : "That if he could prove that 
George Barlow had wronged him, he might seek his satisfaction." 
For this question he was sentenced "to be laid neck and heels 
together." Which, says Bishop, was the injustice he received at 
their hands. 

The. Court records give a different reasion of the matter. 
He was sentenced to lye neck and heels together during the pleas- 
ure of the Court, "for his tumultuous and seditious carriages and 
speeches in Court." The Magistrates being informed that he was 
an infirm man, and was troubled with a rupture, the sentence was 
not executed. 

Bishop is usually accurate, but in this case he omits a mate- 
rial fact and leaves a wrong impression on the mind of his reader. 
He adds that Ewer's axe, with which he wrought, worth three 
shillings, was taken for a tax of ten pence to the country, and 
that at another time, half a bushel of grain, out of his bag at the 
mill, for a similar tax, for the same amount. 

These were assessments legally made to pay the current ex- 
penses of the Colony. Ewer was abundantly able to pay, he re- 
sisted the execution of a law, to which no constitutional objection 
was made, and if his axe or his grain was taken to pay, neither 
he nor his apologist, Mr. Bishop, had a right to complain. 

The Quakers had right and justice on their side, when they 
refused to pay fines imposed for not taking the oath of fidelity, or 

862 ge^eaJmOGical notes of baiumstabjle families. 

for atteoding, meetings of their own society ; but when they re- 
fused to.- pay their proportion of the public expenses, they were 
clearly . in the wrong, and tliose of their, number who resisted, 
were not only guilty of doing wrong to their country, but to their 
religious associates ; because by thus resisting they prejudiced 
their claim for sympathy as sufferers for conscience sake. 

In 1658 Thomas Ewer and most of the leading members of 
the Society of Friends in Sandwich were disfranchised and ordered 
to leave, the, town. , Ewer continued to reside there till 1660. -In 
1661 he is spoken of as of Barnstable. In that year he bought a 
part of the farm and meadows on the west of the Crocker land, 
then owned by Mr. Dimmock, originally laid out, I think, to 
Thomas, Hatch. This, small farm his descendants have continued 
to, own till recently. 

The goods seized by the Marshall were such as a tailor 
usually, keeps, and I infer from this that he learned the trade of 
his (father. He died in 1667, aged 34, leaving a widow Hannah 
and a family of children. I find no record of their names. 
Thomas Lothrop, the father-in-law of the deceased, and Shubael 
Linnell, his uncle, were appointed guardians of the children. 
,;, . ;Thomas.E,wer, 3d, afterwards owned the Ewer farm, and the 
facts and oircumstauces above stated make it probable, if not cer- 
tain, that he was the son of Thomas Ewer, 2d, and his wife Han- 
nah. ,, ; 

, 6. Thomas Ewer, 3d, probably son of Thomas, Sd, married 
three wives. He married his first wife about the year 1682 ; she 
died in a few j^ears, and he married, in 1689, Elizabeth, daughter 
of the first John Lovell, and for his third wife he married, Sept. 
18, 1712, Wid. Sarah Warren.,, , 

Children born m Barnstable. 
Thomas, Dqc. 1683, ( ?) died young. 
Thomas, Jan. 1686. 
Shubael, ,169,0. 
John, Feb. 1692. 

Mehitabel, Oct. 1694, (?) died same year. 
Nathaniel, , Nov, 1695, (?) baptized Deo. 9, 1694. 

Jonathan, July 1696. 
. Hezekiah, Sept. 1697. 
Mehetab.el, baptized Dec 11, 1698. 
Thankful, Nov. 1701. 
Abiga,il, baptized (April 7, 1706. 
Thomas Ewer, 3d, died June. 1722, leaving a widow Sarah, 
and three socs^;, Thomas, John, and Nathaniel, whom he exhorts 
in his will, ',)to live in the fear of G-od, and love one another, and 
cary dutifully to their Honored Mother." Only three of his 
eleven children appear to have been then living. '^ His real estate 
was apprized at ,£74, and his personal estate at £83. In 1684 his 


I. /: 







v., ,. 


; VI. 












dwelling house was on th-einortli side of the road, Ip the appriz- 
al of his estate his home lot is described as f out acres- of upland 
on' the south of the' road. He owned the ipea/dow > Ivhich his 
fatherboughtin I661. •: ' ■,.-..:-.■ ,-\-/i l.c 'i • ; 

8. ThomasEwer, 4th, born Jan. r686.. He iscalled a"cord- 
wainer" or shoemaker-^ and died insolvent in 1-761. He imarried, 
June 10, 1718, Reliance Tobey, of Sandwich^ and had, 

17. I. John, born April 28, 1719v *'a cordwainer" or shoe- 
maker. He died 1782. He had 1, Ebenezer,^ 20th Dec. 
1741, died young ; 2, John, 25th Dec: 1744, dUd young; 
3,. David, 15th April, 1747 ; 4, Jonathan, 7th' June, 1754 ; 
5, Reliaiice, 16th' June, 1756^ 6; .Ebenezer,: Sist Dec. 
1758; and 7, Johflj 31st Oct. 1763. -■ ' . ■ ' ' ' 

18. II. Mary, born Oct. 7, 1721, married Lazarous Lovell 
May 29, 1760,- died. April 5, 181-,3, aged 91- 

19. HI. Sarah, IVIarch l,.l'^23-4, di§d young.,-, . 

26,,,. IV.; Tliomas, Oct. 3, _172'6', married;, in, 1719, Lydia Har- 
■low of Plymouth, where he removed and had, .1> Thomas, 
, Feb. 22, 1750 ; 2, Eleazer, Aug. 2,6,,,i742 ;. (he ; married 
Abigail Lothrop and had Isaac, Barnabas^ Ansel, and 
4,bigail, He, bought th^, estate of, schoolmaster Joseph 
Lewis, in the East Parish— he w^s,,^,, ta>ni?,^r(:a,nd shoe- 
maker, and died young.') After bis retiirri to i,]8;S,rn stable 
Thomas bad 3,, Ansel, Sept. 9, 1753', ,cUeciiyour!igj,4, Seth, 
July 5, 1755; .5, Lydia, Sept. 16, 1758; and 6, Ansel 
again, Sept. 21, 1760. , ; , ,. , ,.; ji; ,: ■; 

21. V. Seth, born March 14, 1729,.married, 1782,'^4lizab6th 
Rich, of Truro. : 

22. VI. Sarah, born Feb. 23, l,7,3j2, married , Elisha Hoimes 
of Plymouth, 1749.,, ■ ' , ' ,^ , ,', ;',;",,, ■ 

23. VII. Sylvanus, born March 18, 1741-2. 

9. Shubael Ewer, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Ewer, bap- 
tized Sept. 21, 1<)90, resided at West Barnstable. He married 
June 14, 1714 Rebecca Conant of Bridgewater. He died Aug. 6, 
1715, leaving an estate apprized at £152, a widow Rebecca, and 
one daughter. 

24. I. Rebecca, born 27th April, 1755. She married, June 
27, 1734, Thomas Winslow of Rochester. 

10. John Ewer, son of Thomas, 3d, married July 5, 1716, 
Elizabeth Lurabard. He died in 1723, leaving sons Shubael, 
Josepli, {non compos mentis, whose estate in 1744 was apprized at 
£262,15,) Benjamin, and daughter Elizabeth, all minors. He in- 
herited tlie old homestead, and built a house on the land on the 
south of the road. He gave to his widow all the eight acres of 
land on tlie south of the road. His children born in Barnstable 
were : 

25. I. Shubael, (father of Lazarus, and grandfather of 


Joseph Ewer, of East Sandwich.) 

26. II. Joseph, (now compos mentis.) 

27. III. Benjamin, born 1721, married Hannah Lawrence of 
Hog Pond village, in Sandwich, and removed to that town. 

His children were Marv, who married Jenny ; Peleg, 

(father of Benjamin, East Sandwich,) ; Nancy, who mar- 
ried Peter Smith, of Newbern, recently deceased ; HannaJi 

married Jones ; and Elizabeth married 


28. IV. Elizabeth. 

11. Nathianiel Ewer, son of Thomas, 3d, born, the record 
says, 1695 ; but having been baptized Dec. 9, 1694, he was prob- 
ably born that year. He married, Nov. 8, 1723, Mary Stewart of 

Children born in Barnstable. 

29. I. Silas, 27th Nov. 1724, married Lydia Garrett of Sand- 
wich, 1746, and had Mehitabel May 1, 1747; Abigail, 
March 2, 1748; Susannah, Dec. 5, 1750; Silas, Aug. 10, 
1752; Elizabeth, Dec. 14, 1754; and Prince Feb. 5, 

30. II. Nathaniel, 17th April, 1726, married Drusilla Co- 
bell of Chatham, and resided, as I am informed, at Nan- 
tucket some part of his life. Isaac Ewer, who recently 
died at Osterville, nearly a hundred years of age, was his 

31. III. Desire, born 26th Nov. 1727. 

32. IV. Gamaliel, 19th June, 1733, married Martha Fuller 

33. V. Mary, 7th Aug. 1737, married, Oct. 26, 1757, 
Thomas Churchill of Plymouth. 



Two men of the name of Richard Foxwell, of about the same 
age, came to New England about the year 1630. Mr. Deane was 
perhaps not aware there were two of the name, and it is not sur- 
prising that he has confounded them, because he supposed both 
Richards were the same person. 

Richard, who settled in that part of Maine then known as 
Greorgiance, was born in 1604 and was probably the younger 
man. He came over as early as 1631, went home, as our ances- 
tors called England for many years, in 1632, and returned in 
r633. He was of Scarborough in 1636, where he married, in 
1636, Sarah, daughter of Capt. Richard Bonython, one of the 
patentees of G-eorgianee. His sons were Richard, John and 
Philip, and he had five daughters. He died in 1677, aged 73. 

The other Richard Foxwell probably came over in the fleet 
with Gov. Winthrop. He was admitted a freeman of the Massa- 
chusetts Colony Oct. 19, 1630, and was sworn on the 8th of May 
following. On his removal to the Plymouth Colony his name was 
entered on the list of those who had taken the oath of fidelity ; 
but in 1657 he was required to take that oath, though he had pre- 
viously taken the freeman's oath in Massachusetts. 

Mr. Deane says he came from the County of Kent, in Eng- 
land. There is some evidence that he was a resident in the city 
of London at the time he embarked for New England; His son 
John was born as early as 1627, a fact which proves that he mar- 
ried in England. Whether his wife died before he left, or came 
over with him, is not known. 

From 1631 to 1634 he is not named in the records. Mr. 
Savage intimates that during this period he may have gone home 
and returned ; if so, it affords another curious parallism in the 
history of the two Richard Foxwells. He probably removed from 


Boston, in 1631, to Scituate, where there was a small settlement 
of men whom he had known in his native land. In 1634 he was 
of Scituate. His bouse, in the spring of 1635, is described as 
being on Kent street, the fourth on the south of Meeting House 
lane, and as the eleventh built in that town. This house he sold 
to Henry Bourne, and in 1637 built on his houselot, numbered 50 
on Mr. Lothrop's list. 

In the spring of 1639 he removed to Barnstable, and built a 
house on his lot near where the Hall of the Agricultural Society 
now stands. No record was made of his lands till 1662, when he 
owned only eight acres, four on each side of the road. His lot 
was one of those laid by the authority of Mr. Collicut, and origi- 
nally probably included the twelve acres owned by Nicholas Da- 
vis. This would make his lot correspond in shape with the other 
lots laid out at the same time. If I am right in this, his homelot 
contained sixteen acres, and was bounded west by the homelot of 
Nathaniel Bacon, north partly by the swamp (then town's com- 
mons) and the lands of Dolar Davis, east by the Dimmock farm, 
and south by the highway. His lot on the south side of the road 
contained four acres, and was bounded north by the highway, 
east by Elder Cobb's great lot, south by the commons, and west 
by Nathaniel Bacon's land. 

He set out an orchard, as all the first settlers did. A seed- 
ling raised by him, and known as the Foxwell apple, is yet culti- 

I have seen it stated that he was a trader. Whatever ma^ 
have been His employment, it is certain that he was very poor at 
liis death in 1668, for his sons-in-law refused to act as executors 
to his will. 

He is not named as the holder of any office ; but as private 
citizen he was a good neighbor, an honest man, and and exem- 
plary member of the christian church. 

He was one of the original members of Mr. Lothrop's Church 
liaving joined at its organization at Scituate on the 8th of Janu- 
ary, 1634-5. The expression used in regard to the first members, 
"so many of us as had been in covenant before," evidently implies 
that they had been members of his church in London. After his 
removal to Barnstable he continued to be a member in good stand- 
ing till his death. 

He married, as already stated, his first 'wife in England, and his 
sou John probablj' came over with him. In 1634 he married Ann 
Shelly, who came over that year. His children so far as known 
were : 
I. John, born in England as early as 1627. He is named in 

1640 in connection with John Makefleld, and as having two 

lambs in his possession. In Aug. 1643, his name is on the 

list of those able to bear arms, and in Oct. 1645, was one of 


the soldiers from Barnstable in tlie Narraganset expedition. 
In subsequent records, the land where James Otis now re- 
sides is called John Foxwell's house lot, from which it may 
be inferred tliat he owned a house. It does not appear 
that he married and had a family. He died in Barnstable, 
and was buried Sept. 21, 1646. 

II. Mary, born in Scituate 17th Aug. 1635, married, Jan. 8, 
1654, Hugh Cole, Sen'r, of Plymouth, and was afterwards of 
Swansea. His children were James, born 3 or (8) Nov. 
1655 ; Hugh, 8 or (15) March 1658 ; John, 15 or (16) May 
1660 ; Martha, 14 or (16) April 1662 ; Anna, 14th Oct. 
1G64; Ruth, 8 or (17) Jan. 1666; and Joseph, 15th May 

III. Martha, born in Scituate 24th March, 1638, married Samuel 
Bacon 9th May 1669, and had Samuel 9th March 1659-60, 
and Martha Jan. 6, 1661. 

IV. Ruth, born in Barnstable 25th March 1641. 

If the Barnstable and Colony Records are reliable, Mary and 
Martha Foxwell were born in Barnstable, showing that the town 
was settled in 1635. Both records are erroneous. I have fol- 
lowed the church records. In the Barnstable records there is an 
error of ten years in the marriage and births of the children of 
Samuel Bacon. 



Mr. Lothrop says, "the young Master Fitzrandolphe" built 
in 1636, the 38th house constructed in Scituate. Having provided 
himself with a home he married, May 10, 1637, Elizabeth,* 
daughter of Dea. Thomas Blossom of the Leyden and Plymouth 
churches. He joined Mr. Lothrop's church in Scituate May 14, 
1637, and his wife joined at Barnstable Aug. 27, 1643. 

He sold his house in that town to Dea. Richard Sealis, and 
removed in the spring of 1639 to Barnstable, and built a house on 
his lot containing eight acres, bounded east by the road to Hyan- 
nis, which separated it from the homelot of Eoger Goodspeed, 
and land probably then afterwards town commons, and on the 
west by the homelot of George Lewis. This land is now owned 
by the heirs of Anna Childs, Dea. John Munroe and others. He 
also owned a garden spot and two acres of meadow on the north 
of the County road, now owned by Capt. Foster, Ebenezer Bacon, 
Esq., and others, two lots in the Old Common Field, one of two, 
and the other of three acres, and ninety-two rods in the Calves 
.Pasture. This property he sold June 2, 1649, to Elder John 
Chipman, by a deed witnessed by William Casely, Henry Cobb 
and Richard Church. f This deed is recorded in the Colony rec- 
ords, and is printed in the 12th volume of the records, pages 180 
and 181. I have in my possession another deed of the same 

*Iii my notice of the Blossom family I inadvertantly omitted to name this daughter of 
Dea. Thomas Blossom. 

JRichard Chureh, bom in 1608, was a carpenter, and only a temporary resident in Barn- 
stable. He probably came to Massachusetts in the fleet with Gov. Winthrop in 1630. He 
removed from Weymouth to Plymouth, and was admitted a freeman 4th (Jet. 1632. He 
sold his estate in Plymouth in 1649, stopped in Barnstable some little time, was at Charles- 
town in 1643, and finally set down at Hinghara, and died at Dedliam in 1648. lie maiTied 
Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Wai-ren, and had Joseph; Benjamin 1639, (the renowned 
soldier) Richard, Caleb, Nathaniel, Huniah 1646, Abigail, Charles, Deborah 1657, and per- 
haps Mary, The dwelling house of Gen. Benjamin Church was at Fall River, and was 
taken down not many years s^ncc. It stood near the present dwelling house of Col. Rich- 
ard Bordeu. 


property, in the hand writing of Gov. Hinckley, acknowledged 
before him Aug. 13, 1669, and witnessed by his wife Mary Hinck- 
ley and Peter Blossom. In this deed it is stated that the property 
was sold to John Chipman in 1649. Why two deeds of the same 
property were given, I am unable to explain. 

Soon after 1649, John Chipman sold this lot to John Davis, 
and Jan. 14, 1658, the latter sold six acres thereof to Samuel 
Norman, reserving two acres at the north end on which his house 
then stood. Feb. 26, 1665, Norman reconveyed this land to 
Davis, with his house thereon. The portion owned by Norman, is 
now known as Norman's Hill. 

In 1649, Edward Fitzrandolphe removed to his farm in West 
Barnstable, "a double great lot," containing 120 acres of upland, 
bounded north by the meadows, east by the Bursley farm, south 
by the commons, and west by the lands of Mr. Thomas Dexter. 
On the north he had twenty-three acres of salt meadow, bound 
west by the lands of Mr. Thomas Dexter, on the north bounded 
partly by the marsh of William Dexter, partly by the common 
meadows, and partly by the "Committees Creek, so called," east 
by the upland of Mr. John Bursley, and south by his own land. 
This tract is now known as the Bodfish and Smith farms. In 
1669 he and several families from the Cape removed to New 
Jersey. In Oct. 1683 his widow was living at New Piscataqua, 
New Jersey. 

He is called in deeds a yeoman, or farmer, and does not ap- 
pear to have been employed in any official station. He had re- 
ceived a good education for those times, and as Mr. Lothrop 
styles him "Master" he probably belonged to a good family. He 
came probably from the west of England. 

His farm at West Barnstable he sold partly to John Crocker, 
Sen'r, partly to Abraham Blush, who afterwards sold to Crocker, 
and the eastern portion to Rev. John Smith, whose descendants 
still enjoy it. 

His children born in Barnstable were : 

I. Nathaniel, baptized Aug. 9, 1640, buried at Barnstable 
Dec. 10, 1640. 

II. Nathaniel, baptized May 15, 1642, married Nov. 1662, 
Mary, daughter of Joseph Holway, or Holloway, of Sand- 
wich, and had 1, John, 1st Feb. 1662-3 ; and 2, Isaac, 7th 
Dec. 1664. No other children recorded. He probably re- 
moved with bis father in 1669. 

III. Mary, baptized Oct. 6, 1644, died young. 

IV. Hannah, baptized April 23, 1648. The town record says, 
"born April 1949," an error. She married 6th Nov. 1668, 
Jasper Taylor. 

V. Mary, baptized June 2, 1650, (town record, "last of May 


1651," an erroi,) mafried, 15th Jan. 1668-9, Samuel Hinck- 

VI. John, Jan. 2, 1652. (If not the same as the following he 
died young.) 

VII. John, born 7th Oct. 1653, (town records.) 

VIII. Joseph, born 1st March 1656, (town records.) 

IX. Thomas, born 16th Aug. 1654, (town records.) 

X. Hope, born 2d April, 1661, (town records.) 


Samuel Fuller, son of Edward and Ann Fuller, came over in 
the Mayflower, in 1620. His parents died soon after they came 
came on shore,* and he resided at Plymouth with his uncle Sam- 
uel, the first physician who came to settle in our country. He 
had throe shares at the division of lands in 1624, Mr. Savage 
presumes out of respect to his father and mother. He was execu- 
tor of his uncle's will in 1633, and was a freeman of the Colony 
in 1634. From Plymouth he removed to Scituate, where he mar- 
ried, April 8, 1635, Jane, daughter of Rev. John Lothrop. Nov. 
7, 1636, he joined the church at Scituate, having a letter of dis- 
mission from the Plymouth church, of which he had been a mem- 
ber. He built, in 1636, the fifteenth house in Scituate, on Green- 
field, the first lot abuting on Kent street. He had twenty acres 
of land on the east of Bellhouse Neck, in that town. Mr. Deane 
calls him "a man of Kent," from which country many of the first 
settlers in Barnstable came. 

Samuel Fuller, as appears by the church records, was in 
Barnstable as early as 1641, but it does not appear that he was 
inhabitant of the town till after the 1st of Januarj' 1644. His 
brother, Capt. Matthew, the earliest regular physician in Barn- 
stable, came a few years later. They bought of Secunke, Indian, 
Scorton or Sandy Neck, that is, so much of it as lies within the 
boundaries of the town of Barnstable. The arable land in the 
purchase was set off to the Fullers, the remainder, including the 
meadows, was reserved as town's commons and afterwards divid- 

Samuel Fuller also bought meadow of his brother Matthew 
that was Major John Freeman's, and meadow of Samuel House, 
and owned land on Scorton Hill. He had a good estate for those 

*This ifc the expression used by Gov. Bradford, who knew the parties. Mr. Z. Eddy 
says the "Wid. Ann Fuller died in Barnstable in 1663, aged 79 years. I find no corrobora- 
tion of the latter statouirut. 


da^is. His personal estate is apprized iu his inventory at 

He lived in the north-west angle of the town, in a secluded 
spot, where travellers or others had seldom occasion to pass. He 
was very little engaged in public business. He was constable at 
Scituate in 1641, and his name occasionally appears as a jury- 
man, and on committees to settle difficulties that arose with the 
Indians, and was one of the 58 purchasers, as that company was 

Samuel and Matthew Fuller, though brothers, and living near 
each other in a retired spot, and owning property together, were 
as unlike as two men can well be. Samuel was eminently pious, 
and retired in his habits ; Matthew, though nominally a Puritan, 
was not a religious man ; but was ambitious, and courted official 
distinction. In one instance he recanted an opinion deliberately 
expressed, in order to secure the patronage of the majority. 
Samuel committed no acts that he had to recant — he was an honest 
man, a good neighbor, and a christian, and his posterity will ever 
honor him. 

He died in Barnstable Oct. 31, 1683. He was the only one 
of the passengers in the Mayflower who settled permanently in 
Barnstable. Of the 102 who arrived in that ship at Province- 
town in 1620, 51 died, or just one half, in a few months. Of the 
remaining 51, or Old Stock, as G-ov. Bradford calls the first com- 
pany, 31 were living in 1650 ; 12 in 1679, of whom Samuel Ful- 
ler was one ; three in 1690, namely. Resolved White, Mary Cush- 
man, daughter of Mr. Allerton, and John Cook, son of Francis 
Cook, and in 1698, seventy-eight years after the arrival of the 
Mayflower, two passengers who came over in her were living, 
namely, Mary Cushman and John Cook.f 

1. Samuel Fuller, son of Edward, married at Mr. Cud- 
worth's, in Scituate, by Capt. Miles Standisb, April 8, 1635, 
Jane, daughter of Rev. John Lothrop. 

Children born in Scituate. 

2. I. Hannah, married Nicholas Bonham Jan. 1, 1658-9, 

(see Bonham.) 

3. II. Samuel, baptized Feb. 11, 1637-8, married Anna, 
daughter of Capt. Matthew Fuller, (see account below.) 

4. III. Elizabeth, married Taylor. 

5. IV. Sarah, baptized in Barnstable Aug. 1, 1641, died 

Children horn in Barnstable. 

6. V. Mary, baptized June 16, 1644, married Nov. 18, 1674, 

fBefore writinR the genealogies of the Fullers, I intended to have examined the Sand- 
wich records and the Probate records with more care than I have. I delayed writing till 
the printer's hoy was at my elbow, asking for copy, and the result is I have very little be- 
side that which I furnished Mr. Savage for his Genealogical Dictionary. Some facts that I 
have, I omit, not knowing tlie right places in the series. 


Joseph Williams, son of John of Haverhill. He was born 
April 18, 1647, had Sarah 17th Nov. 1675; Marv, 29th 
Nov. 1677; John, 17th Feb. 1680; Hannah, 30th Sept. 

7. VI. Thomas born, says the town record, May 18, 1650, 
probably ou the day of his baptism. May 18, 1651. He is 
not named in his father's will, and perhaps died young. 

8. VII. Sarah, born Dec. 14, 1654, married — - — — Crow. 

9. VIII. John, called Little John, or John, Jr., to distin- 
guish him from John, son of Capt. Matthew. 

10. IX. A child, Feb. 8, 1658, died 15 days after. 

Gov. Bradford in his history states that in 1650 Samuel Ful- 
ler had four or more children. He had Hannah, Samuel, Eliza- 
beth, and Mary, four; if Thomas was born in 1660, five. In his 
will dated 29th Oct. 1683, he names oldest son Samuel, son John, 
daughters Elizabeth Taylor, Hannah Bonham, Mary Williams, 
and Sarah Crow, two sons and four daughters then living. He 
died Oct. 31, 1683, and was one of the last survivors of those 
who came over in the Mayflower. His wife not being named in 
his will had probably died previously. 

3. Samuel Fuller, son of Samuel, born Feb. 1637-8, mar- 
ried Anna, daughter of Capt. Matthew Fuller. There is no 
record of his family on the Barnstable records. An inventory of 
his estate was taken at his house in Barnstable Dec. 29, 1691. It 
appears that he had then been dead some little time, and that his 
widow had then recently deceased, and her estate was settled by 
mutual agreement on the 30th of the same month. All the heirs 
sign with their mark, showing that they had received no benefit 
from the schools established in the distant parts of the town. It 
is presumed that they were then all of legal age. The names oc- 
cur in the following order on the agreement. 

11. I. Matthew, married Patience Young 25th Feb. 1692-3. 

12. II. Barnabas, married Elizabeth Young 25th Feb. 

13. III. Joseph, married Thankful Blossom. 

14. IV. Benjamin. 

15. V. Desire. 

16. VI. Sarah. 

9. John Fuller, born about the year 1655, was the youngest 
son of Samuel, Sen'r. He resided on the paternal estate at Scor- 
ton till 1689, when he removed, with several other families from 
that vicinity, to East Haddam, Conn. On the 30th of October, 
1688, "Mehitabel, the wife of Little John Fuller," was admitted 
to the Barnstable Church, and her sons Samuel, Thomas and 
Shubael, were baptized, and on the 19th of May, 1689, her 
daughter Thankful was baptized. Here occurs a gap in the fam- 

EREATA. In Ewer family. The late Isaac Ewer, of OstervlUe, was son of Setli. 
Kicliard Churrli at Charlestomi 16B3, died 1668. 


ilv register, for her next son John is recorded as born Nov. 10. 
1697, at East Haddam. During the interval he probably had 
Deborah and others. 

Children of Little John Fuller and his wife born in Barnsta- 
ble : 

17. I. Samuel, baptized Oct. 1688. 

18. II. Thomas, 
ly. Til. Shubael. 

20. IV. Thankful, baptized May 19, 1689. 

At East Hadam, Conn. 

21. V. John, Nov. 10, 1697. 

22. VI. Joseph, March 1, 1699-1700. 

25. VII. Benjamin, Oct. 20, 1701. 

26. VIII. Mehitabel, April 16, 1706. 

Thomas Fuller of this family had by his wife Elizabeth, born 
at East Haddam. Ebenezer, 1715; Thomas, 1717; Nathan, 
1719; Hannah, 1720; Jabez, 1722; Jonathan, 1725. John 
Fuller, Jr., married May 10, 1721, Mary Rowley alias Mary 
Cornwell, and had at East Haddam, Mary, 1722 ; Esther, 1724; 
John, 1727; William, 1730; Mehitabel, 1732; Andrew, 1734; 
Sarah, 1737. Shubael Fuller married 10th 7th mo. 1708, Hannah 
Crocker, of Barnstable, and had at East Haddam, Lydia, 1709; 
Ephraim, 1711; Thankful, 1713; Zerviah, 1716; Hannah, 1718; 
Shubael, 1721; Jonathan, 1724; and Eachell, 1727. 

11. Matthew Fuller, son of Samuel, and grandson of 
Samuel, Sen'r, married 25th Feb. 1692-3, Patience Young, proba- 
bly daughter of George of Scituate, and had children born in 
Barnstable, namely : 

23. I. Anna, Nov. 1693, married Eeuben Blush, Oct. 1717. 

24. II. Jonathan, Oct. 1696, married Eebecca Perry, of 
Sandwich, March 3, 1718. 

25. III. Content, 19th Feb. 1698-9. 

26. IV. Jean, 1704, died 1708. 

27. V. David, Feb. 1706-7. 

28. VI. Young, 1708. 

29. VII. Cornelius, 1710. 

This family probably removed soon after 1710. 

12. Barnabas Fuller, brother of the preceding, married 25th 
Feb. 1680-1, Elizabeth Young. 

Children horn in Barnstable. 

30. I. Samuel, Nov. 1681, married twice. 

31. II. Isaac, Aug. 1684, married Jerusha Lovell. 

32. III. Hannah, Sept. 1688. 

33. IV. Ebenezer, April 1699, married Martha Jones. 

34. V. Josiah, Feb. 1709 married Ann Rowley, of Fal- 


13. Joseph Fuller, brother of the preceding, married 
Thankful Blossom, and had, 

35. I. Remember, 26th May, 1701, married Jabez Qrocker, 
May 27, 1755. 

36. II. Seth, 5th Sept. 1705, died Jan. 7, 1732-3. 

37. III. Thankful, 4th Aug. 1708, died July 3, 1728. 

14. Benjamin Fuller, brother of the preceding, married and 

38. I. Temperance, 7th March, 1702. 

39. II. Hannah, 20th May, 1704. I think she married Rev. 
Joseph Bourne July 25, 1743. 

40. III. John, 25th Dec. 1706, married Mariah Nye, March 
7, 1728-9. ^ 

41. IV. James, 1st May, 1711, married Temperance Phin- 

30. Samuel Fuller, son of Barnabas, married first Ruth 
Crocker, and Dec. 20th 1727, Lydia Lovell, probably widow of 

Children born in Barnstable. 

42. I. Sarah, April 16, 1719. 

43. II. Barnabas, April 1, 1721. 

44. III. Eleazer, Feb. 9, 1722-3, married Elizabeth Hatch 

By his second wife. 

45. IV. Joshua, Oct. 3, 1727. 

46. V. Elizabeth, Jan. 24, 1728-9, married Nathaniel Good- 
speed and removed to Vasselboro', Maine. 

47. VI. Rebekah, April 3, 1731. 

48. VII. Lot, Sept. 18, 1733. 
This family removed to Rochester. 

31. Isaac Fuller, brother of the preceding, married July 9, 
1719, Jerusha Lovell. 

Children horn in Barnstable. 

49. I. Eli, April 11, 1720, married 1746, Mercy Rogers, of 
Harwich, and had, 1, Martha, Nov. 17, 1747; 2, Jede- 
diah, March 28, 1749 ; 3, David, June 21, 1751 ; 4, Wil- 
liam, Sept. 28, 1753 ; and 5, Jerusha, May 2, 1756. 

50. II. Mehitabel, March 10, 1722-3, married Thomas Ames 
Oct. 30, 1740. 

51. III. Jerusha, Jan. 19, 1725-6, married John Green, of 

52. IV. Zaccheus, Oct. 16, 1727, married Sarah Jones, Feb. 
22, 1752. 

53. V. Charity, Dec. 11, 1729, married Silas Lovell Aug. 7, 

54. VI. Isaac, Sept. 9, 1731, married Susan Wardsworth, of 


55. VII. Seth, May 29, 1734. 

56. VIII. Hannah, April 9, 1736. 

3S. Ebenezer Fuller, brother of the preceding, married 
Martha Jones, and had, 

57. I. David, born Feb. 6, 1725. 
68. II. Jonathan, April 9, 1729. 

59. III. Daniel, Sept. 16, 1731, married Martha Phinney 
Nov. 1, 1753. 

60. IV. John, June 3, 1734. 

61. V. William, Sept. 27, 1737. 

62. VI. Jean, Jan. 12, 1739. 

Matthew Fuller was one of the prominent men of the Old 
Colony — and his name is inseparably connected with her annals. 
I have neither the time nor the ability to write his biography — to 
recount in detail the various services which he rendered to the 
country. He was an able man ; but he had his faults, which I 
shall not, in this sketch, attempt to palliate or conceal. 

He was the son of Edward and Anne, and brother of 
Samuel, who came over in 1620, in the Mayflower. His parents 
died soon after their arrival at Plymouth. Samuel went to reside 
with his uncle, and Matthew remained with his friends in Eng- 
land till about the year 1640, when he came over. Though he 
was then nearly thirty years of age, probably a married man and 
a parent, yet he was accounted to be "one of the first born 
of the Colony," and had lands assigned in virtue of his right of 
primo-geniture. Edward and Anne Fuller had no child born in 
this country to claim the lands granted to "the first born ;" and in 
all such cases the right was transferred to the eldest child of the 
same parents, though born in the mother country. 

Little is known of his early history. This is to be regretted ; 
because we delight to trace the successive steps by which an or- 
phan boy became eminent. It is not known whether he studied 
medicine before or after he came over, or whether he was then a 
married man and a parent. The best authorities give the year 
1640, as the date of his coming to Plymouth. The earliest "date 
I find is April 5, 1642 ; but it is evident that he had been in the 
country some little time, probably two years. If he did not 
come before 1640, he was certainly a married man and a parent, 
because his daughter Mary was born as early as 1635. 

In 1642 he had ten acres of land assigned to him near Thurs- 
ton Clark's, in Plymouth, and as this is the first grant made to 
him the presumption is that he had not then been long in the 
country. The same year he was a juryman, and propounded to 
be a freeman of the Colony ; but was not sworn and admitted till 
June 7, 1663. 

In 1643 a "military discipline" was established by the Colony 
Court, embracing the towns of Plymouth, Duxbury and Marsh- 


field. Miles Standish was chosen Captain ; Nathaniel Thomas, 
Lieutenant ; Nathaniel Souther, Clerk ; and Matthew Fuller and 
Samuel Nash, Sergeants. 

To be a sergeant in a militia was then an office of honor, and 
conferred distinction on the holder. 

When the company met, the exercises were always begun and ! 
ended with prayer, and at the^ annual election of officers, on the 
first of September, an occasional sermon was preached. None 
but freeman of honest and good report, approved by the officers, 
and by a majority of the company, were admitted. Servants 
were not admitted, neither were freeman who were not of honest 
and good report. ,No conversation was allowed while the com- 
pany was on parade and the most exact discipline was exacted. 
For absence, without a sufficient excuse, a fine of two shillings 
was imposed, and if not paid in a month, the delinquent party 
was summoned to appear before the company, the fine was 
exacted, and his name was stricken from the roll of the company. 

For each defect in arms or equipments a fine of six pence 
was imposed, and if any one was defective for six consecutive 
months, his name was also stricken from the roll of the company. 

The arms and equipments required of each was a musket or 
piece approved; a sword; a rest; and a bandilier. Only 16 
pikes were required, namely, 8 for Plymouth, 6 for Duxburv, and 
2 for Marshfield. 

All the officers of the company were forever after to be 
known by their titles ; each member paid six pence a quarter for 
the use of the company ; and at the decease of a member, the 
company assembled with their arms, and he was buried as 
a soldier. 

No person propounded for a member could be received on the 
day he was nominated ; and before admission, he was required to 
take the oath of fidelity. The fifteenth rule of the company 
required "That all postures of pike and muskett, motions, ranks, 
and files, &c., messengers, skirmishes, seiges, batteries, watches, 
sentinels, &c., be always performed to true military discipline." 

This company was established on the same principle as the 
ancient and honorable artillery company of Boston, which has 
maintained its organization to the present time. 

The freemen of Sandwich, Barnstable, and Yarmouth, "pro- 
vided they be men of honest and good report," were granted by 
the Court liberty to form a similar company ; but I do not learn 
that they accepted the privilege. In each town there was a 
military company, which included all between the ages of 16 and 
60, "able to bear arms." The "military discipline" was not 
intended to supercede the ordinary trainings. It was intended as 
an honorable association of the freemen, for instruction in the art 
of war. 


The date of his removal to Barnstable is uncertain. Sept. 3, 
1652, the Court approved his election as Lieutenant of the militia 
company in Barnstable. In 1653 he was deputy from Barnstable 
to the Colony Court, and it is probable that he had been a resident 
for three or four years. 

June 20, 1654, he was appointed Lieutenant under Capt. 
Miles Standish of the company of fifty men, the quota of the 
Plymouth Colony, in thp proposed expedition against the Dutch 
Colony at Manhattoes, now New York. The men were ordered 
to rendezvous at Sandwich June 29, and to embark from Mano- 
mett in the bark Adventer, belonging to Capt. Samuel Mayo, of 
Barnstable, and join the force of the other colonies at the place 
appointed. On the 23d of June, the news of the conclusion of 
peace between England and Holland was received, and the pre- 
parations for the expedition ceased. Peace had long been desired 
by the colonies ; they were opposed to the war, but were most 
loyal subjects. The order to raise the men, furnish ammunition, 
stores and transportation was received June 6, and all the prepar- 
ations had to be made before the 30th. When the news of peace 
was received, all the preparations had been made, and if the war 
had continued, the Plymouth Colony troops would have embarked 
from Manomett on the day appointed. 

Oct. 2, 1658, he was elected one of the council of war, and 
in 1671 its chairman, and one of the magistrates of the Colony, 
and the same year, Lieutenant of the forces to be sent against the 
Saconet Indians. Dec. 17, 1673, he was appointed Surgeon 
General of the colony troops, and also of the Massachusetts, if 
that Colony approved. In 1675, he was allowed 4 shillings a day 
for his services as Surgeon General, and for "other good services 
performed in behalf of the country." In addition to his duties as 
Surgeon General, he served as a captain of the Plymouth forces 
during King Phillip's war. To trace his history during this 
interesting period belongs to the writers of general history. 

In the Quaker controversy, Capt. Fuller took a noble stand 
in favor of religious toleration ; but he was independent, and said 
many things that he had better have left unsaid. Acting under 
strong feelings of excitement, and indignant at the course pursued 
by a majority of the Court, he made statements that a discreet 
man would not have made, thus doing injury to the cause he 
would aid. 

At the October Court, in 1658, he was presented by the grand 
inquest of the Colony for saying, "The law enacted about minis- 
ter's maintenance, was a wicked and devilish law, and that the 
devil sat at the stone when it was enacted." That he had uttered 
these words he admitted, and he submitted himself, without trial, 
to the judgment of the magistrates, who fined him 50 shillings. 
He charged Gov. Hinckley with having oflScially certified that a 


matter was true which he knew to be false. Gov. Hinckley com- 
menced an action against him for defamation. Capt. Fuller made 
a public acknowledgment of his fault and Gov. Hinckley discon- 
tinued the action. 

Though Capt. Fuller was undoubtedly right, in regard to the 
abstract questions, underlying the Quaker controversy, yet the 
bitter language in which he expressed his opinions was wholly 
unjustifiable, more especially when the circumstances under which 
they were uttered are taken into consideration. Capt. Fuller held 
a high social position in the Colony. So did the members of the 
Court, whose motives he so bitterly impugned. To the honor of 
the latter, it will ever be remembered, that at the same term where 
the grand jury indicted Capt. Fuller for speaking reproachfully of 
the members of the Court, those slandered members, disregarding 
their private grievances, and looking only to the interests of the 
country, did, at the very same term of the Court, elect Capt. 
Fuller one of the Council of War ; and, notwithstanding he 
continued to utter vituperative language against individual mem- 
bers of the government, the Court continued to confer on him 
offices of honor and trust — returning good for evil. Men do not 
always thus heap coals of fire on their enemy's heads. The 
members of the Court knew Capt. Fuller tb be a honorable man, 
and that however indiscreet he might be in words, he would per- 
form his whole duty to his country. 

In private life, and in his business relations, he exhibited a 
litigious spirit which is not commendable. He was often involved 
in law-suits with his neighbors which a more discreet man would 
have settled without an appeal to the courts. 

These details, however, enable us to form a just estimate of 
his character. That he was a man of sound judgement, of good 
understanding, and faithful in the performance of all his duties, 
there is no reason to doubt. In politics he was liberal, and in his 
religious opinions tolerant ; but unfortunately for his reputation, 
he was very indiscreet. This weakness in his character seems to 
have been so manifest, so well known to all, that his injudicious 
speeches were disregarded, and he was duly honored for the many 
good services which he rendered to his country. 

Capt. Fuller was the first regular physician who settled in 
Barnstable.* That he was a man of some skill and ability in his 
profession is evident from the fact that he was appointed Surgeon 
General of the forces of Plymouth and of Massachusetts in 1673. 
His official duties required that he should be often absent from 
home, therefore his practice in Barnstable and Sandwich was 
necessarily interrupted, and not of that continuous character 

* The early ministers were usually practicing physicians, and Rev. Mr. Lothrop, Mr. 
John Smith, and Mr. William Seargant, of Barnstable, were not, I presume, exceptions to 
the general rule. 


necessary for the success of a local physician. His son John and 
one or more of his grand-sons were physicians. 

The farms of Capt. Fuller and his brother Samuel were on 
Scoi'ton Neck, at the north-west angle of the town. Soon after 
the settlement, the town bought of Secunke Indian, Scorton Neck. 
The arable land at the west end thereof was assigned to the 
Fullers. The town of Sandwich bought the west end of the neck, 
so that the western boundary of the Fullers' land was the line 
between the two towns. Some difficulty arose respecting this 
boundary which was not finally settled till 1680, after the death of 
Capt. P'uller. The difficulty originated in an order of the Colony 
Court, dated Oct. 30, 1672, fixing the boundary line farther west 
than the Committee of Sandwich was willing to concede, thus 
giving a considerable tract of good land to the Fullers. Suits 
were brought by each party, which were finally withdrawn, and 
on the 30th of June, 1680, the matter was settled by agreement, 
the Fullers relinquislied the lands they had obtained by authority 
of the Court Order of Oct. 30, 1672, and the town of Sandwich 
conceeded to the Fullers certain rights of way and the privilege 
of cutting fencing stuff within the bounds of Sandwich. 

Capt. Fuller, by virtue of liis right as one "of the first born 
of the Colony," and for the eminent services which he had rendered 
the country, had lands granted him at Suckinesset, now Falmouth, 
and in "the Major's purchase" at Middleboro. 

Capt. Fuller died in Barnstable in 1678. His will is dated 
July 20, 1678, and was proved Oct. 30th following. He names 
his wife Frances ; his grand-son Shubael, son of Ralph Jones ; his 
son John, to whom he bequeathed one-half of his real estate ; 
his grand-children Thomas, Jabez, Timothy, Matthias and Samuel, 
children of his eldest son Samuel Fuller, deceased, to whom he 
bequeathed the other half of his estate ; and Bethia wife of John 
Fuller. To daughter Mary, wife of Ralph Jones, he gave £10 ; 
to daughter Anne Fuller, "now wife of Samuel Fuller," .£10 ; to 
daughter Elizabeth, wife of Moses Rowley, £10 ; he also names 
Sarah Rowley, daughter of Elizabeth Rowley ; Jedediah Jones, 
son of Ralph ; Mary Fuller, late wife of his son Samuel ; also 
Robert Marshall, the Scotchman ; and Jasper Taylor. He ap- 
pointed his wife Francis executrix. Witnesses of his will : Lieut. 
Joseph Lothrop and John Hawes. His estate was apprised at 
£667,04,06, a very large estate in those times. Among the items 
in the inventory is the following : "Pearls, precious stones, and 
Diamonds, at a guess, £200." I 

tin connection with tliis box of jewels a marvoUous story is told. Soon after Capt. 
Fuller s death it was missing. Robert, the Scotch servant, was ehavfied with having stolen 
It. There was no proof against him— he was simply suspected. This charge so affected 
him, that he took no food, and finally died of grief and staiwation. He was buried in a 
grove of wood, on the north-eastern declivity of Scorton Hill. He died in the winter when 
a deep snow laid on the ground. The neighbors carried his body to this place— the deep 


All that is known respecting the relationship of the two 
Fuller families is this : in the settlement of the disputed boundary 
line, with the town of Sandwich, Dr. John Fuller, son of Matthew, 
calls Samuel Fuller, Sen'r, his uncle, consequently Matthew and 
Samuel, Sen'r, were brothers, and sons of Edward, and nephews 
of Dr. Samuel, of Plymouth. Matthew must have been born in 
England as early as 1610, and his older children were probably 
born there. No record exists of their births or baptisms in this 
country. This fact, though not conclusive, indicates that they 
were born in England. All that is known of his family is 
obtained from his will, of which an abstract has been given. His 
wife, at the time of his death, was Frances, whether first or 
second is not known, and whether he had other children than 
those named in his will is also not known. He calls Samuel his 
eldest son, and the order of the births of his children evidently is 
not that given in his will. 

Children of Capt. Matthew Fuller. 

2. I. Mary, married Ralph Jones April 17, 1655, and has 
many descendants. 

3. 11. Elizabeth, married Moses Rowley, April 22, 1652, and 
has many descendants. 

4. III. Samuel, (see account of his family below.) 

5. IV. .John, (see account of his family below.) 

6. V. Anne, married Samuel, son of Samuel Fuller, Sen'r. 

4. Samuel Fuller, son of Capt. Matthew, was a lieutenant 
in the Plymouth Colony forces in King Phillip's war, and was 
killed at Rehobeth, March 25, 1676. In 1670 he was a member 
of the Colony Committee appointed to view the injury done to the 
Indians, by the cattle of the English, and assess damages. His 
name also occurs as a town officer. His wife was Mary. I find 
no record of the births or baptisms of his children. In his will 
he names all his children excepting Samuel, who was born after 
the death of the father. 

Children of Samuel Fuller, son of Matthew. 

7. 1. Thomas, (see account below.) 

8. II. Jabez, (see account below.) 

9. III. Timothy. Removed to East Haddam. 

10. IV. Matthew, died unmarried 1697. In his will dated 
Boston, Aug. 7, 1696, proved May 22, 1697, he gives to his 
brother Timothy, of Haddam, his half of the land and 

snow preventinpr them from proceeding farther, and there he was buried. Capt. Oliver 
Chase has recently placed two stones, one at the head and the other at the foot of poor 
Richard's grave. For nearly two centuries the plow has not desecrated his grave, and we 
hope no sacreligious hands will hereafter remove the simple monuments now erected to his 
memoiy. To this day his grave is pointed out, and some timourous people dare not pass it 
after nightfall. Many fearful stories are told of the appearance of the Scotchman's ghost; 
and for years many a way wai d child was frightened into obedience by threatening to call 
the Scotchman's ghost, to aid the authority of the weak mother. 


meadow in Middleborough, given him by his grandfather 
Matthew Fuller. All the rest of his estate, both real and 
personal, he bequeathed to his honored mother, to be dis- 
posed of for her comfortable subsistence during her natural 
life, and whatsoever she shall die possessed of, without any 
alienation shall be disposed equally amongst the rest of my 
brothers and sisters. 

11. V. Anne, born 1679, married Joseph Smith 2yth April, 

12. VI. Abigail. 

13. VII. Samuel, born 1676 (post humeus.) 

5. Dr. John Fuller, son of Matthew, resided on the paternal 
estate at Scorton Neck. He was a physician of some note in his 
day. He died in 1691. He married two wives: 1st, Bethia 

, and second, Hannah , of Boston, who survived 

him and married, Dec. 9, 1695, Capt. John Lothrop, of Barn- 

Children horn in Barnstable. 

14. I. Lydia, born 1675, married 12th May 1699, Joseph 
Dimmock. She died in Connecticut Nov. 6, 1755, aged 80. 

15. II. Bethia, Dec. 1687, married Feb. 20, 1706, Barnabas 

16. III. John, Oct. 1689, (see account below.) 

17. IV. Reliance, 8th Sept. 1691, married John Prince (?). 

7. Capt. Thomas Fuller, son of Samuel, married 29th Dec. 
1680, Elizabeth, daughter of Capt. Joseph Lothrop. 

Children horn in Barnstable. 

18. I. Hannah, 17th Nov. 1681. 

19. II. Joseph, 12th July 1683, married Feb. 9, 1708-9, 
Joanna Crocker, (see account below.) 

20. III. Mary, born Aug. 1685, married Wm. Green Sept. 1, 

21. IV. Benjamin, born Aug. 1690. He was Lieutenant, and 
called junior. He married 25th March 1714, Rebecca 
Bodfish. She died 10th March 1727-8, and he married Feb. 
20, 1729-30, Mary Fuller. His children born in Barnstable 
were: 1, Mary, July 15, 1714; 2, Lydia, March 23, 1716, 
married Dec. 2, 1742, John Percival ; 3, Thomas, June 1-8, 
1718, (see account below) ; 4, Elizabeth, Sept. 30, 1720;. 
5, Benjamin, Oct. 28, 1723; 6, Abigail, Nov. 29, 1725, 
died 1726 ; 7, Joseph, Oct. 18, 1730, died 1732 ; 8, Thankful, 
April 26, 1733, married April 23, 1757, Samuel Gilbert, of 
Conn. ; 9, Rebecca, June 1, 1735, Timothy Jones paid 
attention to her twenty years, but did not marry. She 
removed with her brother Seth to Kennebec; 10, Seth, 


March 14, 1736-7, married Deliverance Jonea Oct, 15, 1757. 

22. V. Elizabeth, 3d Sept. 1692, married Oct, 31, 1726, Isaac 
Crocker, of East Haddam- 

23. VI. Samuel, 12th April 1694, married Malatiah Bodflsh 
June 20, 1725-6, and had : 1, Abijah, Dec, 29, 1726, mar- 
ried Hester Auold Aug. 7, 1746, and had a family; 2, still 
born child Dec. 7, 1728 ; 3 and 4, a sou who died *ged 4 
weeks, and Abigail June 26, 1730. 

24. VII. Abigail, 9th Jan. 1695-6, married Oct. 25, 1721, 
Jacob Chipman. 

25. VIII. John, baptized April 19, 1696. 

8. Jabez Fuller, son of Samuel, and grandson of Matthew, 
resided in Barnstable. Children : 

26. I. Samuel, 23d Feb. 1687. 

27. II. Jonathan, 10th March 1692. 

28. III. Mercy, 1st April, 1696, married March 17, 1719-20, 
James Bearse (?). 

29. IV. Lois, 23d Sept. 1704, married Thomas Foster Nov. 
25, 1725. 

30. V. Ebenezer, 20 Feb. 1708. 

31. VI. Mary. 

9. Timothy Fuller, son of Samuel, removed to Ea«t Haddam 
and by wife Sarah had : 

32. I. Timothy, Aug. 29, 1695. 

33. II. Mary, Dec. 19, 1697, 

34. III. Matthias, March 24, 1700. 
36. IV. Sarah, Aug. 7, 1702. 

36. V. Abigail, July 5, 1704. 

16. Lieut, John Fuller married 16th June 1710, Thankful 
Gorham. He died July 20, 1732, aged 42. He is buried at West 
Barnstable, and on his grave-stone it is recorded, "He was son of 
Doct. John Fuller." 

Children born in Barnstable. 

37. I. Hannah, 1st April 1711, married Mr, Matthias Smith 
Sept. 3, 1730. 

38. II. John, 3d Aug. 1714, married Temperance <jorham 
Oct. 29, 1741, and had : 1, Desire, Aug. 1, 1742 ; 2, John, 
.June 23, 1744; 3, Edward, Dec, 28, 1746; 4, Francis, 
March 10, 1749 ; 5, Job, Nov. 25, 1751, 

39. III. Mary, 1st Sept. 17L5, married Seth Lothrop Aug, 11, 

40. IV. Bethia, 1st Sept, 1715, married Joseph Bursley Dec. 
20, 1739. 

41. V, Nathaniel, 10th Dec, 1716, married Abigail Hinckley 
Feb. 22, 1739. Capt. Nathaniel Fuller, first of Sandwich, 
afterwards of Barnstable, was in the French war. He 


brought home the Small Pox, and his wife and daughters 
Thankful and Abigail died of that disease, and are buried 
on Scorton Neck. He had a daughter Hannah who re- 
covered, and afterwards married Matthias Smith ; and 
Lydia, who married Lazarus Ewer. He also had a sou 
Lieut. Joseph, born 1758, died Aug. 16, 1805, who married 
Tabitha, daughter of Josiah Jones ; he was an officer in the 
Revolutionary war ; and Nathaniel, who married Ruhama, 
daughter of' Samuel Jones. Capt. Nathaniel married a 
second wife. I find no record of his family. Capt. 
Nathaniel Fuller owned the west part of the farm now 
owned by Mr. B. Blossom on Scorton Neck, containing 
about 35 acres. His house stood on the south side of the 
old way leading to Sandy Neck, and nearly opposite Ben 
Blossom's house. In 1783 he sold his farm on Scorton 
Neck to Edward Wing, and removed to a house just within 
the boundaries of Barnstable, on the east of the causeway 
leading to the Neck. It was taken down about 53 years 
ago. The new road passes over the spot on which it stood. 
After the death of his second wife he resided with his 
daughter Hannah Smith, and died at her house. "Capt. 
Nat," as he was familiarly called, was stern in his manner, 
and very decided in the expression of his opinions. He was 
not an industrious man, and therefore not prosperous in 

42. VI. Thankful, 19 Sept. 1718, called junior, married 
Oct. 25, 1739, Nathan Russel, Jr., of Middleboro'. 
19. Joseph Fuller, Jr., son of Thomas, married 9th Feb. 

1708-9, Joanna Crocker. She died April 13, 1766, aged 76. 
Children horn in Barnstable. 

42. I. Rebekah, 29th Dec. 1709, died July 30 1732. 

43. II. Bethia, 2d March 1712, died July 1, 1737. 

44. III. Temperance, 24th April 1717, married Joseph Blos- 
som, Jr. March 30, 1737. 

45. IV. Timotliy, 3d April 1719. 

46. V. Matthias, 6th Sept. 1723. He married in 1755 Lydia 
Blossom, and resided in a very ancient house situated on the 
east side of Scorton Hill. 

47. VI. Batheheba, 10th Aug. 1726. 

48. VII. Lemuel, 10th Feb. 1732, married Abigail Jones, and 
resided at Marston's Mills, and had, 1, Joseph, Jan. 30, 
1761; 2, Benjamin, Sept. 18, 1763; 3, Samuel, Nov. 27, 
1765, also Timothy and Hannah. 

Thomas Fuller, son of Benjamin, Jr., and grandson of Capt. 

Thomas, married Elizabeth . Children : 1, Elizabeth, Jan, 

21, 1743 ; 2, Thomas, Aug. 14, 1745 ; 3, Jacob, March 6, 1746 ; 
and 4, Hannah, April 2, 1749. 


This is not a Barnstable name. It is a common name in the 
County, and several families of the name were early of Barn- 
stable. Two of the name came to thif County. Edmund of 
Lynn, who was one of the first settlers in Sandwich, and Samuel 
of Watertown, who settled in Eastham. 

Edmund was a prominent man of good business habits, 
liberal in polities, and tolerant in his religious opinions. He was 
a member of the Sandwich church — the most bigoted and intoler- 
ant in the Colony — yet he did not imbibe the persecuting spirit 
which has condemned to everlasting infamy many of his brethen. 

In his intercourse with his neighbors and associates, he was 
affable and obliging, and to his kindred and intimate friends, he 
was ever kind and affectionate. He rested from his labors at 
Sandwich in 1682, at the i"ipe old age of 92 years. His wife died 
Feb. 14, 1676, aged 76. She was buried on a rising ground on 
his own farm. He was then 86, and had lived 59 years in the 
married state. Some little time after her decease he summoned 
together his sons and his grandsons, they placed a large flat rock 
resembling a pillion, over the grave of the wife. He then placed 
another, resembling in shape a saddle, beside it ; and addressing 
his sons, he said : "when I die, place my body under that stone, 
your mother and I have travelled many long years together in this 
world, and I desire that our bodies rest here till the resurrection, 
and I charge you to keep this spot sacred, and that you enjoin it 
upon your children and your children's children, that they never 
desecrate this spot." . 

A substantial wall was built around these simple but sugges- 
tive monuments, and his descendants to this day with pious hands 
protect them from desecration. Many of them regard this spot as 
their Mecca, which it is their duty to visit at least once in their 

Children of Edmund and Elizabeth Freeman. 

For the reason stated in a note, I have not carefully examined 


the records of this family. The entries at the Londou Custom 
are uot entirely reliable. In one place it is stated that he was 
34 in 1635, and in another 45 years of age. I have assumed the 
latter to be accurate, because it is not probable that he married at 
16. His son John was born in 1622. The Custom House records 
say in 1626, also in 1627. The family came over in 1635 in the 
ship Abigail, Capt. Hackwell. 

Born in England. 

I. ' Alice, 1618, married 24th Nov. 1639, Dea. Wm. Paddy. 

II. Edmund, 1620, married and had a family. 

III. John, 1622. 

IV. Elizabeth, 1623, married John Ellis. 

V. Cycellia, 1631, probably his daughter, died young. 

VI. Mary, probably born in this County, married Edward Perry. 
Major John Freeman, a son of Edmund, born in England in 

1622, was a more distinguished man than his father. He removed 
to Eastham, and married 13th Feb. 1650, Mercy, daughter of 
Gov. Thomas Prence. He lived to a venerable old age, and in 
the ancient graveyard in that town are monuments wrought in the 
mother country to his, and his wife's memory. His wife died first, 
and on her curiously wrought gravestone a heart is depicted within 
which her epitaph is engraved in small capital letters. 









28th 1719 
IN YE 98th year 


Samuel Freeman, of Watertown, settled in Eastham, and has 
many descendants. His mother married Gov. Prence, and there 
is no known connection between the families of Edmund and 

The earliest family in Barnstable was that of Nathaniel, who 
married Oct. 1723, Mercy, daughter of Mr. James Paine, and a 
grand-daughter of Col. John Thaeher, of Yarmouth. He died 
Dec. 2, 1727. His children born in Barnstable were: 1, Bethia, 
July 4, 1725 ; 2, James, Oct. 11, 1726 ; and 3, Nathaniel, March 


30th, 1728, died 17th April, 1728. 

Stephen Freeman married, Oct. 22, 1736, Hannah Jenkins, 
and had a daughter Zerviah born Sept. 24, 1737. 

David Freeman, from Connecticut, married in 1766, Abigail 
Davis, and had a son Thomas Davis born March 25, 1757. He 
died soon after his marriage, and his wife was the Widow Freeman 
who figured so conspicuously in the "Crocker Quarrels." * 

Dr. Nathaniel Freeman, better known as Col. Freeman, was 
some time a resident in Barnstable. During the Revolutionary 
period, he was one of the most active among the patriots of his 
time. In character he was the counterpart of his ancestor, a man 
of talent, very decided in his opinions, and impetuous in action. 
Like all men of such a temperament, he made many enemies. 
The tories denounced him, in the bitterest of bitter terms. These 
denunciations never affected his reputation as a man or a patriot, 
but other causes did. He was not a meek man — he would not 
tolerate the least opposition, consequently made many personal 
enemies — and among the aged who knew him, few speak in his 

He held many offices — he was a busy man — some of his 
duties he had not time to perform f well — this his personal enemies 
noted ; but with all his faults, he was a useful man and the 
services he did his country are appreciated. 

*As a full genealogy of the family is in print, it wiU be unnecessary for me to repeat it. 

fSee Probate Records. The poorest writing and worse spelling therein, occurs during 
the time he was Register. 


For many of the facts contained in this article, I am indebted 
to Lucius E. Paige, Esq., of Cambridge. Foster is not a Barn- 
stable name, though there were a few here early. 

1. Thomas Foster, of Weymouth, had three sons : 

1. Thomas, born 18th Aug. 1640, whom I suppose to have been 
the Dr. Thomas Foster who died in Cambridge 28th Oct. 
1679, aged 89 years. 

2. John, born 7th Oct. 1642, whom I suppose to have been the 
Dea. John Foster named below ; but of this I have no 
absolute proof. 

3. Increase. 

2. Dea. John Foster settled early inMarshfleld, and married 
Mary, daughter of Thomas and Joanna Chillingsworth, by whom 
he had ten children. His wife Mary died 25th Sept. 1702. He 
then married Sarah Thomas, who died 26th May, 1731, aged 85. 
Dea. Foster died 13th June 1732, aged 90, according to the record 
make by his son Thomas, (who was Town Clerk,) or 91, accord- 
ing to the inscription on his head stone, standing in the Winslow 
burying-ground. But if he was son of Thomas of Weymouth, he 
lacked a few months of 90 years. 

The children of Dea. John and Mary Foster were : 

1. Elizabeth, born 24th Sept. 1664, married William Carver 

(the centenarian) 18th Jan. 1682-3, and died in June 1715. 

2. John, born 12th Oct. 1666, married Hannah Stetson of 
Scituate, resided in Plvmouth, was deacon, and died 24th 
Dec. 1741. 

3. Josiah, born 7th June 1669, resided in Pembroke. 

4. Marv, born 13th Sept. 1671, married John Hatch, died in 
Marshfield 3d April 1750. 

5. Joseph, born about 1674, resided in Barnstable and Sand- 
wich, (see below.) 

6. Sarah, born about 1677, died unmarried 7th April 1702. 


7. Chillingsworth, born 11th June 1680, resided in Harwich, 

(see below.) 

8. James, born 22d May, 1683, died 21st July, 1683. 

9. Thomas, born 1686, resided in Marshfleld, Deacon, Town 
Clerk, &c., died 6th Feb. 1758, aged 72, married Lois Ful- 
ler Nov. 25, 1725, had Gersham at B. Sept. 23, 1733. 

10. Deborah, born 1691, died unmarried 4th Nov. 1732, aged 41. 

Chillingsworth Foster, son of Dea. John and Mary, resided 
in Harwich, of which town he was many years Representative in 
the General Court. His first wife was Mercy, (I have not been 
able to ascertain her family name) by whom he had seven children. 
She died 7th July 1720, and he married 2d, Widow Susanna Sears 
Aug. 10, 1721, who died Dec. 7, 1730, by whom he had four 
children. He died about 1764, but the precise date I have not 

The children of Chillingsworth Foster were : 

1. James, born Monday, Jan. 21, 1704-5, resided in Rochester, 
married Lydia, daughter of Edward Winslow, Esq., 10th 
July 1729. He was deacon _&c. In very advanced age 
(over 70) he went to reside with a son at Athol, where he 

2. Chillingsworth, born Thursday, 25th Dec. 1707, -resided at 
Harwich, many years Representative. He married Mercy, 
daughter of Fldward Winslow, Esq., of Rochester, 10th 
Oct. 1730. She died, and he married 2d Ruth Sears of 
Harwich, 7th Dee. 1731. His children were 1, Thankful, 
born in Harwich June 14, 1733 ; 2, Mercy, born in Barn- 
stable May 2, 1735 ; 3, Chillingsworth, born in Barnstable 
July 17,1737; 4, JVTehitabel, born in Harwich April 18, 
1746 ; 5, Sarah, born in H. Nov. 25, 1747. 

3. Marv, born Thursday, 5th Jan. 1709-10, married David 
Paddock of Yarmouth, 12th Oct. 1727. 

4. Thomas, born Saturday, 15th March, 1711-12, married Mary 
Hopkins, of Harwich, 11th July 1734, and had 1, Joseph, 
March 27, 1735; 2, Thomas, June 22,1736; 3, James, 
Feb. 18, 1737-8; 4, Mary, July 18, 1740. 

5. Nathan, born Friday, 10th June, 1715, married Sarah 
Lincoln, of Harwich, 14th June 1739. 

6. Isaac, horn Tuesday," 17th June, 1718, married Hannah 
Sears, of Harwich, 2d Nov. 1738, and had, 1, Isaac, May 
29, 1739 ; 2, Samuel, May, 31, 1741 ; 3, David, March 24, 
1742-3; 4, Lemuel, Feb. 24, 1724; 5, Seth, March 1747; 
6, Hannah, March 4, 1749 ; 7, Nathaniel, April 8, 1751. 

7. Mercy, born Wednesday, 30th March 1720, and died 28th 
Aug.- 1720. 

8. Mercy, born Sunday, 29th July 1722. 


9. Nathaniel, born Saturday, 17th April 1725. 

10. Jerusha, born Saturday, 9th Dec. 1727. 

11. A son, still born, March 1729-30. 

Joseph Foster, son of John, married Raehell Bassett, of 
Sandwich. Children born in Barnstable and Sandwich. 

1. Mary, 1st Sept. 1697, at S., married Moses Swift, of S., 
Dec'. 24, 1719. 

2. Joseph, 19th Sept. 1698, at B. 

3. Benjamin, 16th Nov. 1699, at B., married Dee. 31, 1724, 
Mai-ia Tobey, at Sandwich. 

4. William, 31st March 1702. 

5. Thankful, 3d Nov. 1703, married Sept. 25, 1725, Nathan 

6. John,"'l2th April 1705. 

7. Nathan, 3d Jan. 1707-8. 

8. Abigail, 27th Feb. 1708-9, married May 15, 1735, Zaccheus 

9. Deborah, 18th Jan. 1710-11, married May 10, 1733, Isaac 

10. Ebenezer, 10th May, 1713. 

11. Solomon, 4th Sept. 1714. 

12. Raehell, 30th Oct. 1716, married Dec. 10, 1743, Jonathan 

13. Sarah, 23d Sept. 1721, married Nov. 11, 1742, Nathan Nfe. 

14. Solomon. 

Nathan Foster resided in th€ Timothy Crocker house at West 
Barnstable. He was a hair dresser and wig maker by trade, and 
died aged. He married, 1st, Mary Lothrop May 21, 1753; 2d, 
Mercy Smith 1766. Children born in Barnstable : 

1. Abigail, Sept. 24, 1756. 

2. John Bursley, June 11, 1758. 

3. Mary, Oct. 4, 1765. (?) 

4. James, Feb. 8, 1767- 

5. Mary, March 7, 1768. 

6. Thomas, March 4, 1771. 

7. Nathan, March 19, 1773. 

8. Abigail, Jan. 4, 1775. 

9. Joseph, July 16, 1776. 

10. John, July 15, 1778. 

11. Abigail, May 6, 1780. 

12. Elizabeth, Feb. 16, 1783. 


Roger Groodspeefl , the ancestor of all of the name in this County, 
came to Barnstable in the spring of 1639. His houselot has been 
a fruitful theme for controversy, from the first settlement to the 
present day, and I shall, therefore, state with some particularity, 
the facts that I have collected in regard to it. 

Mr. Collicut's records, as stated in a previous article, were 
accidentally lost at a fire in Plymouth. All that is known respect- 
ing the lands laid out under his authority, is obtained from a few 
ancient deeds, and the boundai'ies of a portion of the original lots, 
placed on record by the owners thereof in 1654. Goodspeed, at 
that date, had sold and relinquished his title, it therefore does not 
appear on the town records. From the boundaries of the adjoin- 
ing lots, it appears that it was bounded north by Elder Henry 
Cobb's lot, east partly by Nathaniel Bacon's lot, and partly by 
•John Scudder's, south by the land of John Davis', originally 
Samuel Lothrop's lot ; west by the lot of Edward Fitzrandolphe, 
from which it was separated by the Hyannis road, and a line 
nearly corresponding with the new Mill "Way laid out in 1665, and 
contained about eight acres, not including the swamp. It was 
divided into nearly two equal portions by a deep gully, through 
which the County road now passes. At that time this gully was 
narrow, with steep, precipitous banks, and impassible for teams. 
Within the memory of persons now living it was so narrow in 
some places that two teams could not pass.* 

On the north of this gully, the land was rocky and uneven, 
and of little value for cultivation, and in 1653, had been surren- 
dered to the town as common lands. On the south of the gully 
the land was better. On the south and west, that is, on that 
portion now inclosed by the Hyannis road and Bow Lane, there 

*Mra. Susannah CoblD, who, when young, lived in the neighl>orhood, stated that on a 
Sabbath, during the services, slie saw a deer leap across this gully, at a point a little west of 
where the Custom House now stands. 


was a dense swamp, (called Lewis' Swamp) j which remained 
more than a century in its natural state. This swamp, in 1653, 
had been surrendered as town's commons. On the east, including 
a strip on the north, by the edge of the gully, there were about 
two acres of good land, which was the only part cultivated by 
Goodspeed. On the south of Lewis' swamp there was a strip of 
land laid out corresponding in location with the southern part of 
Bow lane, called in the records "Goodspeed's Out-Let," and 
subsequently "the Widow Hallett's Set-Off." Tliis name seems 
to indicate that at the time Goodspeed resided on this lot, he had 
no "Out-Let" on the north. "Goodspeed's Out-Let" extended 
further east than at the present time, certainly to Josiah Hallett's 
house, and probably to Taylor's Lane. 

Meeting House Hill was called by the first settlers Goodspeed's 
Hill; from 1G60 to 1725 Cobb's Hill, and since by its present 
name. A stream of water from Lewis' swamp ran across the 
County or King's road, and down the "New Mill Way" between 
the hill, and the lot now owned by Ebenezer Bacon, Esq., and 
emptied into a swamp in front of the dwelling-house of David 
Bursley, Esq., and which was in 1683, purchased by the town for 
a common watering place. At the foot of the hill, in front of 
Odd Fellows' Hall, there was a foot bridge across the stream, 
constructed of a single log 20 feet long, and two feet in diameter, 
hewn flat on the upper side. 

In 1650, the traveller with a team coming from the west could 
not turn down either of the roads now leading to the dwelling- 
house of David Bursley, Esq., because there was a pond and a 
swamp that extended across both ways to the margin of the hill. 
He could not drive up the precipitous sides of Goodspeed's Hill, 
nor through the jagged gully where the road now passes, nor 
through the north end of Bow Lane, because there was no road- 
way there. He had to pass up the Hyannis road to the present 
residence of Mr. James S. Lothrop, thence through Goodspeed's 
Out-Let to the lot of John Scudder, and up the hill to the spot 
where the Patriot Office now stands, thence continue easterly 
across Scudder's and Lewis' lots to Taylor's Lane. * 

The inhabitants residing west of the Hill were subject to the 

t At a Town meeting lield in Barnstable Oct. 26, 1769, 

'"^Voted, Tliat Messrs. Jolin Lewis and Geo. Lewis (sons of Lieut. James) be allowed to 
fence a piece of swamp tliat belonf^ed to the town, s'aid swamp being adjoined to their 
swamp by their malt house, and they and their assigns to improve it forever, provided tliut 
they do not encroach upon tlie King's road, nor the lane leading into the woods, and make 
a sufficient drain to carry oif the water." — [Town Records Book 3, page 34. 

The bushes in this swamp were very thick. Mr. George Lewis lost a fat hog therein, 
which he had stuck and left for dead. It ran into the swamp and there died, and thougii 
careful search was made, it could nob be found. When first ploughed, a lar^e deposit of 
arrow heads were turned up. They were all made of white quartz, and were afterwards 
sent by Mr. Mullen as a present to some ol his friends, connected witli Cambridge College. 

*This paper, it will be recollected, was written in 1862, and applied to the lodalities as 
then occupied. 



same inconvenience. In going to the mill or to their planting 
grounds in the Common Field, they went by the circuitous route I 
have described. Lieut. James Lewis' house, which is now stand- 
ing, was built about two centuries ago. About the time that that 
house was built, the road on the north of Lewis' Swamp was 
cleared, and thus the distance was shortened. 

I have heretofore supposed that there were three original 
allotments between Goodspeed's lot and Taylor's Lane, though I 
was unable to give the names of the owners of only two. On a 
more careful examination of deeds and the records, 1 think it is 
evident there were only two original allotments, yet three house 
lots, John Scudder's being divided into two by the road called 
Goodspeed's Out-Let. 

The following diagram exhibits the relative position of the 
lots. The situations of buildings to which reference is made, are 
indicated by figures : 







<Ln H- ' 



Goodspeed's lot. 





.-a b« 


>— 1 









•^ Goodspeed's 
" Lot 


"^ on Common 






N. Bacon's Lot. 



Odd Fellows' Hall. 


School House. 


Meeting House. 




Old Parsonage. 


New Mill Wav. 


Old Mill Way. 


Bacon House. 


Hvannis Road. 


Old Malt House. 


Custom House. 


Patriot Office. 


Major Phinney's house 


14. Timothy Reed, deceased, house. 

15. Ancient Lewis house. 

16. Eben Bacon's house. 

17. Goodspeed House Lot. 

18. James S. Lothrop's house. 

19. Hallett House. 

20. Bow Lane. 

In 1654 the Widow Mary Hallett owned the Scudder and 
Goodspeed lots. March 31, 1659, she conveyed by a deed of 
gift to her son-in-law, John Haddeway, her dwelling house and 
the north part of the Scudder lot, and that part of the Goodspeed 
lot on the north of Goodspeed's Out-Let. Dec. 14, 1661, Josiah 
Hallett, a son of the Widow Mary, sold to John Haddeway for 
£10 sterling the southerly part of the Scudder lot containing eight 
acres, bounded westerly by the lands of John Davis, south by 
John Haddeway, east by James Lewis, and south by the wood 
lots, with his dwelling-house standing thereon. 

These boundaries are detinite and clear, but the boundaries in 
Mrs. Hallett's deed are unintelligible to the modern reader. JShe 
conveys the land known as Goodspeed's Hill ; but what portion of 
it does not clearly appear, probably that part where the Custom 
House now stands. 

In the year 1664 the legal title to Meeting House Hill, con- 
taining about five acres, and to Lewis' Swamp was held by the 
town of Barnstable. It is probable that prior to 1654 Roger 
Goodspeed had surrendered his title, or to use the form of expres- 
sion adopted by our ancestors, had "laid down to commons" 
Meeting House Hill and Lewis' Swamp, and had received in ex- 
change other lands — a common mode of doing business in early 
times. A certificate of the boundaries of the land "taken up," 
signed by the land committee, was held to be a sufficient title. 
No circumlocution was used, no good paper and ink wasted. 

One acre of this land was granted to Henry Cobb in 1665 — 
the deep bottom on the north of the Meeting House. This grant 
is in the usual form, short and comprehensive ; and it would not 
be amiss for some modern conveyancers to study it. 

"22 May, 1665, Granted that Henry Cobb shall have an 
acre of ground, adjoining to his land above the gate, between that 
and the pond, in lieu of some damage that he hath or shall receive 
by the highway running over or between his land from the gate to 
Thomas Huekins." [Records, vol. 1, page 46. 

Aug. 15, 1683, the town purchased of John Davis about half 
an acre of swampy land on the west side of Cobb's Hill, for a 
public watering place. In a short time a large quantity of sand, 
brought down by the rains from the roads and hill sides, filled up 
the watering place, and it was sold to Ehenezer Lewis, and is now 


owned by Ebenezer Bacon. The deed is from the land committee 
in the usual form, as follows : 

"November the 13, 1717. Bargained with and laid out to 
Lieut. Ebenezer Lewis a small gore of land by the highways, and 
is bounded by the ways, viz : on the south by the highway, or 
County Eoad ; easterly by the way that goeth down by the brook ; 
on the west by the way that goeth by Benjamin Davis' land or 
fence, down to Lieut. Nathaniel Bacon's, until it meeteth with 
the other way, last before mention — not to infringe on any former 
grant, for which he remits two shares and a half — two of them 
in the right of Jedediah Jones, and half a share in the right of 
Thomas Blossom. * DANIEL PARKEE,' 

Lieut. Lewis being one of the committee, did not sign the 
grant made to himself. 

In 1717 the new Meeting House was built on Cobb's Hill, by 
proprietors who purchased the land. The conditions of the sale 
are recorded as follows : There is no date. The authority to lay 
out land for public uses and setting Meetmg Houses were vested 
in the land committee by a vote of the proprietors, dated April 
15, 1715. The following was laid out in 1717 : 

"Bargained with and set out to Mr. John Bacon, Lieut. John 
Thar^her, Lieut. Ebenezer Lewis, Samuel Cob, Joseph Davis, 
James Gorham, Thomas Lothrop, George Lewis, Lieut. Nathaniel 
Bacon, Samuel Lewis, Samuel Sturgis, and Nathaniel Lumbert, 
Jabez and Sylvanus Gorham, a piece of land lying on Cob's Hill, 
bounded northerly by said Nathaniel Bacon's land and partly by 
Samuel Bacon's land, to a stake by the fence ; thence set to a 
Rock and soe to another Rock at the S. W. corner ; and from 
thence sets easterly to Samuel Bacon's land, soe as to include the 
land on which the pound stands, not to remove said pound unless 
all parties concerned doe agree to it, for which they remitt fifty 
shares and a quarter in this division, that is to say, 

John Bacon, four and a quarter, 4 1-4 

Thomas Lothrop, 5 

•loseph Davis, 5 

Samuel Cob, 4 

George Lewis, 3 

James Gorham, 3 

Lieut. Jonathan Thacher, 3 

Lieut. Ebenezer Lewis, 3 

Samuel Sturgis, 5 

* In the tliii'd or last division, the common lands were divided into 6000 shares — 28 
shares made a 40 acre lot — but some of the lots were smaller, and some much larger. In 
the first division, 6000 shares, 43 made a lot, in the second 6000 shares, 42,— and in the Sandy 
Neck lots 100 shares made a lot. The lots were all apprized at the same sum, and pre- 
sumed to be of equal value. If the land was poor, more acres were put into a lot — if valu- 
able, a less number. These shares were an article of trafic, and transferred from one to 


Nathaniel Lumbert, 3 

Samuel Lewis, 3 

Lieut. Nathaniel Bacon, 5 

Jabez Gorham, ^ 

Sylvanus Gorham, 2 

The boundaries given in this grant are indefinite ; but are 
well known. They included all the land on the north of the car- 
riage way that runs east and west immediately in front of the 
Meeting House. The East Parish still owns this land, excepting 
the part east of the pound, where the parsonage house stood, that 
has been sold. The Parish owns the land where the pound stands ; 
but it cannot be removed without the consent of the town, and of 
the parties who are bound to maintain it. 

Tlie Meeting House was built by twenty-four proprietors in 
1717-18, and sold Jan. 25, 1718-19,' to the East Precinct in the 
town of Barnstable, for the sum of £450 in money. In the deed 
of conveyance, no land is named, but the parish immediately took 
possession, and have improved the land to this day, which is a 
sufficient title. 

After the above grant was made by the committee of the 
proprietors of the town, the remainder of the land on Cobb's Hill 
was reserved for public use, and recorded as follows : 

"A piece of laud of about three acres lying on Cobb's Hill, 
laid out for public uses pursuant to the vote of the proprietors ; 
bounded as followeth : southerly by the highway ; westerly by 
the brook and way round to Lieut. Nathaniel Bacon's, thence by 
his land to the piece laid out to John Bacon and others, to Samuel 
Bacon's, and easterly by it to the highway." 

These boundaries are not clearly stated but are well known. 
The three acres includes all the land bounded southerly by the 
present County road ; westerly by the branch of Mill Way that 
passes on the east of the store of Ebenezer Bacon, till it joins the 
western branch of that way, thence by that branch till it joins the 
eastern branch, thence south-easterly by that way to the top of 
Meeting House Hill, and thence east by the carriage way in front 
of the Meeting House, to the County road, at a point in front of 
Major Phinney's barn. To a small portion of this land the town 
has partially alienated its title. About the year 1800 the town 
granted to Fraternal Lodge a small lot of land on the east of the 
school house in the third district, for the purpose of erecting a 
hall thereon.* 

*I have been pel-bap's unnecessarily particular and tedious in ray description and history 
of Roger (joodspeed's original house lots. I have done so, in order that 1 might be instrii- 
mental in settling the questions that have arisen relative to the maintainance of the pound, 
and the improvement of the pound meadows. They can be settled equitably without an 
appeal to the Courts. These points I think are cleaiuy established. 

The East Parish though the owner of the soil on which the pound stands, has no right 
to remove it without the consent of the town, and of the present holders of the pound 


Before the year 1653, Roger Goodspeed removed from Good- 
speed's Hill to the Indian village of Mistick or Misteake, now 
known by the more modern and perhaps more euphoneous name of 
Marston's Mills. I' think he was the first of the whites who 
settled in that part of the town. 

His six acre houselot then was bounded southerly by the land 
of the Indian Sachem Paup-mun-nucks^t ^"d westerly by Oyster 
River. On the north of this lot he owned a neck of land con- 
taining sixteen acres. In 1665 he bought forty acres of land ad- 
joining the Oyster River and the Indian pond of Thomas Allyn. 
In 1667 the town granted him sixteen acres adjoining his house- 
lot. He also owned meadows in that vicinity. In 1659 he pur- 
chased a tract of land of Dea. John Cooper at the east of Coo- 
per's Pond. 

April 6, 1678, he conveyed all his lands and meadows at 
South Sea to his sons John and Ebenezer, excepting six acres, on 
the condition that they support him and his wife Alice during 
their natural lives. This instrument is on record, and is very 
carefully drawn. It is signed with his mark. 

He joined the church in Barnstable July 28, 1644, his wife 
Alice having joined on 31 of the preceding December. He was 
admitted a freeman of the Colony June 5, 1651, and was on the 
grand jury that year. He was a farmer or planter, and had en- 
joyed no advantages for obtaining an education. He appears to 
have been an exemplary member of the Christian church, and to 
have lived, except on one occasion, a quiet and inoffensive life. 
In 1672, at the Meeting House in Barnstable, he charged John 
Jenkins with having stolen his kid and lying ; but like an honest 

The town of Barnstable has no right to remove the pound, without the assent of the 
holders of said meadow. If the town should order its removal without such assent the 
latter would be relieved from all obligation to maintain a pound in another place, and could 
not be dispossessed of said meadows. 

June 1, 1688. l^e grass that grows on the Pound Meadows was granted to James 
Lewis and Nathaniel Bacon, for so long a time as they shall maintain a pound for the town's 
use and no longer. The meadows were not granted, only the right to cut the "common 
thatch, goose grass or sedge that grows upon them.*' This is a nice distinction but the 
language used shows the intention of the parties. Lewis and Bacon admitted four others 
as pai*tners and the meadows were divided into six lots, and the maintenance of certain 
portions of the pound fence was assi^ed to each lot. In 1778 some of the partners 
neglected to put up their particular portion of the fence and the town was indicted. That 
matter was settled, the partners found that they were oblij?ed to put up the fence, and did 
so. Recently they have again neglected to keep the fence in repair and the town has taken 
possession of the meadows. This the town had an undoubted right to do ; but a question 
arises whether or not those partners who have maintained their particular portions of the 
fence can be deprived of the use of the meadows. On the other hand, it is said that the 
fjirant was made as a whole, that the division was a subsequent arrangement not binding on 
the town. 

The latter is the common sense view of the question. A quadrangular piece of land 
fenced on three sides ie not a "pound for the town's use." Either of the partners had the 
same right that the town had. He could have put up the fence and claimed the delin- 
quent's share of the meadow. 

t Paup-mun-nueks WAfi- the Sachem of Masapee, now called Marshpee, the easterly part 
of Sandwich and the westerly and central parts of Barnstable. He ever lived on friendly 
terms with the whites: For several years this ancient and once powerful sagamore resided 
in the immediate vicinity of Roger Goodspeed. 


man, after due consideration, he acknowledged that he "had no 
just cause, soe to say, and -was sorry for soe saying, and desired 
Mr. Jenkins to pass it by." 

He died in 1685, and his wife Alice in 1689. In her will 
dated Jan. 10, 1688, and proved Sept. 4, 1689, she names her 
son John whom she cuts off with a shilling ; her daughter Ruth 
Davis, to whom she gives 40 shillings, a brass kettle, and half 
her wearing apparel ; to her daughter Elizabeth, then unmarried, 
£20, and the other half of her wearing apparel ; to her daughter- 
in-law Lydia, wife of her son Ebenezer, one colt and one gown ; 
to her grandson Benjamin, son of Ebenezer, 1 colt ; and to her 
son Ebenezer, her dwelling-house, and all her other estate. 
Roger Goodspeed left no will. He divided his large landed es- 
tate to his children by deeds, and the agreement above referred to 
executed during his lifetime. He married Alice Layton Dec. 1, 
1641. Children born in Barnstable : 

2. I. Nathaniel, 6th October, 1642, (see below.) 

3. II. John, June 1645, (see below.) 

4. III. Mary, July 1647, married, 14th Dec. 1664, Samuel 

5. IV. Benjamin, 6th Mav, 1649, (see below.) 

6. V. Ruth, 10th April, "^1652, married, 2d Feb. 1674-5, 
John Davis, Jr. 

7. VI. Ebenezer, Dec. 1655, (see below.) 

8. VII. Elizabeth, 1st May, 1658, (unmarried 1688.) 

1. Nathaniel Goodspeed, son of Roger, married Nov. 1666, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. John Bursley. He died June, 1670, 
and his widow married Oct. 1675, Increase Clap. He had two 
children born in Barnstable, namely : 

9. I. Mary, born 18th Feb. 1667-8. 

10. II. Nathaniel, probably. Another child beside Mary is 
mentioned in the settlement of the father's estate. 
Nathaniel Goodspeed is also named several times on the 
town records. After 1703 his name disappears, and a 
Nathaniel Goodspeed, who married Sarah, appears at 
Rochester, and had a family born from 1706 to 1713. 

2. John Goodspeed, son of Roger, resided at Mistick. He 
died in 1719, aged 74, and names in his will his wife Experience, 
sons John and Benjamin ; daughters Mary, Rose and Bathsheba, 
grand-daughter Ruth, daughter of his son Samuel, deceased. He 
left a large estate. He married 9th Jan. 1668, Experience Hol- 
way, and had : 

11. I. Mary or Mercy, 18 Feb. 1669. 

12. II. Samuel, 23d June, 1670, died before his father. He 
married, and had a daughter Ruth living in 1719. 

13. III. John, 1st June, 1673, (see below.) 

14. IV. Experience, 14th Sept. 1676, not living in 1718. 


15. V. Benjamin, 31st March, 1679, (see below.) 

16. VI. Rose, 20th Feb. 1680-1, married, July 10, 1700, 
Isaac Jennings, of Sandwich. Died Dee. 21,' 1721. 

17. VII. Bathsheba, 17th Feb. 1683. 

5. Benjamin Goodspeed, son of Roger, married Mary, 
daughter of John Davis, and had, 

18. I. Mary, 10th Jan. 1677, married 7th Jan. 1702, Icha- 
bod Hinckley. She died Oct. 1, 1719. Benjamin Good- 
speed died early and his widow married Ensign John 
Hinckley Nov. 24, 1697. 

7. Pibenezer Goodspeed, son of Roger, lived to a great age. 
He resided at Mistick, and owned a large real estate. Jan. 23, 
1740, he conveyed one-half of his real estate to his son Roger. 
Dec. 30, 1746, being then 91 years of age, he conveyed to his 
son Moses the other half of his real estate, in consideration of an 
obligation from his son to maintain him ten years, or till 101 
years of age. His signature to this deed is a very good one, 
written thus, "Eben — Good — speed." In a deed dated Feb. 22, 
1725-6, he names his sons Moses, Benjamin and Roger. 

He was the youngest son, and appears to have been, con- 
trary to the usuages of those days, the favorite son. He was 
better educated than any of the family. Though his father, in 
1678, conveyed the bulk of his estate in equal proportions to John 
and Ebenezer, something appears to have occurred that alienated 
the affections of the parents from John. The latter accumulated 
a large estate, and was probably an avaricious man — and having 
his father's estate legally secured to him he forgot, as is too often 
the case in such circumstances, the duties he owed in love, in 
honor and in common justice, to his confiding parents. Such in- 
stances are not rare, and they teach a lesson that parents should 
never forget. 

Ebenezer left no will. Not profiting by the example of his 
brother John, he conveyed all his estate to his children in his life- 
time, including the ancient homestead of his father at Mistick, be- 
queathed to him in his mother's will. 

Ebenezer Goodspeed married Feb. 15, 1677, Lydia Crowell 
of Yarmouth. According to the records she was his only wife. 
May, 1694, Lydia, wife of Ebenezer Goodspeed, was a member 
of the Barnstable Church, and her daughter Patience was bap- 
tized, and subsequently in regular course her other children. 
When she was admitted to the church does not appear, and the 
fact that there is no record of the baptisms of the older children 
indicates that Lydia, the mother of Patience, and the subsequent 
children was not the first wife. His children born in Barnstable, 
were : 

19. I. Benjamin, 31st Oct. 1678, (see below.) 

20. II. Son, 21st Jan 1679-80, died Dec. 20, 1689. 


21. III. Mehitabel, 4th Sept. 1681, married Samuel Howes 
18th Dee. 1705. 

22. IV. Alice, 30th June, 1683, married Benjamin Shelly 
8th Aug. 1705. 

23. V. Ebenezer, 10th Sept. 1685, (see below.) 

24. VI. Mary, 2d Aug. 1687. 

25. VII. Susannah, 7th Nov. 1689, married Samuel White 
May 14, 1719. 

26. VIII. Patience, 1st June, 1692, married Joseph Hatch 
or Hallett of Dighton, May 12, 1718. 

27. IX. Ruth, 12th July, 1694. 

28. X. Lydia, 141h Oct. 1696, married Benjamin Marston 
April 26, 1716. 

29. XI. Roger, 14th Oct. 1698, (see belyw.) 

30. XII. Reliance, 18th Sept. 1701, married Thomas Phin- 
ney, Jr., March 18, 1726. 

31. XIII. Moses, 24th Nov. 1704, (see below.) 

12. Samuel Goodspeed, son of John, married , 

died before the vear 1718, leaving one child. 

32. I. Ruth. 

13. John Goodspeed, son of John, born in Barnstable June 
1, 1673, died in 1721. He inherited the homestead of his father, 
whom he survived only two years. He bought of John Green, of 
Boston, attorney of his brother Samuel Green, the dwelling-house 
and lands of the latter. They were sons of James Green, of 
Barnstable, and the estate was probably that of his father's. The 
real estate of John Goodspeed was apprized at £709, and his 
personal estate at £640,79, a large estate in those times. In his 
inventory his carpenter's tools are apprized, and I infer from that 
entry that he was a mechanic. He also owned a "whale-boat and 
tacklin," indicating that he was interested in the shore whale 
fishery, a business in which many of the people of Barnstable at 
that time were engaged. He had also four hives of bees, which 
were kept by many of our ancestors. 

His house was well furnished, and among other articles of 
elegance and luxury, a looking-glass is named, a very rare article 
of household furniture at that date. 

His will was drawn up by Dr. John Russell and is without a 
date, and the names of his children are not mentioned. To his 
sons, {Samuel, Cornelius and John) he bequeathed all his landed 
estate and houses, to be equally divided among them. To each 
of his daughters (probably Elizabeth, Temperance and Experi- 
ence) he devised £60 in money, "a good feather-bed and furni- 
ture." By "furniture" is meant the bedstead, bolsters, pillows, 
quilts, &c., not what is now understood by the term. To his 
wife's daughter Ann he gave £6, and to her daughter Content £5, 
and a good feather-bed and furniture. If his personal estate was 


insufflcient to pay the legacies, he ordered the Green estate to be 
sold to make up the deflcieaey. He gave the improvement of all 
his estate, during her widow